659 relations: Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Abraham Lincoln, Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan, Adriaan Blaauw, Afrânio Pompílio Gastos do Amaral, Agnė Čepelytė, Alain Bashung, Alan Dedicoat, Alberto Cova, Aleister Crowley, Alex Wilson (Canadian sprinter), Alexander Briant, Alexander I of Russia, Alexandra of Denmark, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Alicia Markova, Allyn Ann McLerie, Alvin Ailey, Anders Holmertz, Andrew Adamson, Anna Komnene, Anna Roosevelt Halsted, Ansanus, Antarctic Treaty System, Antonia Brenner, Apostolic Palace, Archie MacLaren, Arjuna Ranatunga, Arthur Chaskalson, Assembly line, Attorney-General (New Zealand), Étienne Maurice Falconet, Bart Millard, Beatification, Bernardino Realino, Bernhard Schmidt, Bessarabia, Bette Midler, Bihar, Bill Brown (goalkeeper), Billy Childish, Billy Paul, Bob Fulton, Boeing 727, Boston Bruins, Brad Delson, Brett Williams (footballer, born 1987), Bruce Trigger, Bruna Pellesi, Buenos Aires Underground, ..., Bukovina, Calendar of saints, Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church), Calvin Griffith, Cambodia, Cambodian Civil War, Candace Bushnell, Cape Colony, Carla Lehmann, Carol Alt, Castritian, Central African Republic, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Organising Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Party Unity, Chad, Chanel Preston, Channel Tunnel, Charilaos Vasilakos, Charlemagne, Charles de Foucauld, Charles Gray Round, Chief Justice of South Africa, Chris Poland, Christa Wolf, Christian Pescatori, Christine Jorgensen, Christos Kalantzis, Christos Melissis, Civil Air Patrol, Civil rights movement, Clark Kerr, Claude Jade, Cold War, Colin Tapley, Colin Tennant, 3rd Baron Glenconner, Controlled Impact Demonstration, Corazon Aquino, Corsica, Costa Rica, Costinha, Coup d'état, Crete, Cyril Ritchard, Damrong Rajanubhab, Dan Mavraides, Darío Moreno, Dave McNally, David Ben-Gurion, David Doyle (actor), Day Without Art, Days of Military Honour, December 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics), Decembrist revolution (Argentina), DeSean Jackson, Dick Shawn, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Director of Central Intelligence, Doug Mulray, Draft lottery (1969), East Germany, Ed Price (Florida politician), Edmund Campion, Edward Heffron, Edward L. Beach Jr., Electoral College (United States), Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Elisabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg, Countess of Wied, Ellis R. Dungan, Emancipation Proclamation, Emiliano Viviano, Emily McLaughlin, Emily Mortimer, Emperor Go-Komatsu, Endicott Peabody, Eric Bloom, Ernest John Moeran, Ernesto Maserati, Eugenio Monti, Evasius, Filippos Petsalnikos, Fiorello H. La Guardia, First Balkan War, Ford Motor Company, François Van der Elst, Francis Walsingham, Frank McCarthy (producer), Franz Xaver Richter, Fred Rose (songwriter), Fredensborg (slave ship), Freedom and Democracy Day, Freeman V. Horner, French Union, Fujiwara no Morotada, G. H. Hardy, Gao Conghui, Gary Panter, Gary Peters, George Everest, George Foster (baseball), George Maxwell Richards, George Stigler, Georgy Zhukov, Ghana, Giacomo F. Maraldi, Gilbert O'Sullivan, Giovanni Morone, Gordon Crosse, Governor of Massachusetts, Governor of New South Wales, Great Purge, Great Union Day, Gust Avrakotos, Hamburg, Henry Cadbury, Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, Henry Honiball, Henry I of England, Henry V of England, Henry Williamson, Hilda Melander, Hillard Elkins, Hirohito, Historically black colleges and universities, Hopper Levett, Horiba, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, I Made Wirawan, Iberian Union, Iceland, Iftikhar Anjum, Igor Rodionov, Ilona Fehér, Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308, Isabella Clara Eugenia, Isabella of England, Isaiah "Ikey" Owens, J. B. S. Haldane, J. Vernon McGee, Jaco Pastorius, James Baldwin, James Wilson (English footballer), Jan Brett, Jan Długosz, Jane Turner, Janelle Monáe, Javier Aguirre, Javier Báez, Jeremy Northam, Jerry Lawson (engineer), Jim Loscutoff, Jim Nesbitt, Jimmy Lyons, Jo Walton, Joachim Hoffmann, Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, John Coughlin (figure skater), John Crowley, John Densmore, John Evans (Australian politician), John F. Kennedy International Airport, John F. Kurtzke, John IV of Portugal, John Roskelley, John Schlimm, Jonathan Coulton, Jonathan Katz, José Eustasio Rivera, Joseph B. Wirthlin, Joseph Engelberger, Jovan Belcher, Juan Lavalle, Judith Hackitt, Juhan Liiv, Julee Cruise, Julia A. Moore, Justin Chadwick, Karen Tumulty, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Karna Maria Birmingham, Katherine LaNasa, Kazakhstan, Keith Michell, Kemal Kurspahić, Ken McGregor, Kenny Moore, Khmer Rouge, Kingdom of Iceland, Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Kirk Rueter, Knight, Larry Walker, Laura Ling, Ledi Sayadaw, Lee McKenzie, Lee Trevino, Linos Chrysikopoulos, List of Governors of Kaduna State, List of heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago, List of monarchs of Brazil, List of Prime Ministers of Portugal, List of Teachers' Days, List of vice premiers of the People's Republic of China, Lloyd Doyley, Lord Chancellor, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Lou Rawls, Louis VI of France, Luke McPharlin, Lyndon B. Johnson, Madame Tussauds, Magdalena of France, Magnifico (musician), Magnus IV of Sweden, Malachi Throne, Manju Bansal, Manuel Dorrego, March 27, Marco Greco, Marco van Ginkel, Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy, Marie Bashir, Marie Tussaud, Mario Abramovich, Martin Heinrich Klaproth, Martin Rodbell, Martin Sharp, Marty Marion, Mary Hayley Bell, Mary Martin, Masahudu Alhassan, Masao Horiba, Matt Fraction, Matthews Arena, Maurice Greene (composer), Maxwell R. Thurman, Mayor of New York City, McDonnell Douglas MD-80, Medal of Honor, Member states of the United Nations, Michael Hagee, Michel Bélanger, Micheline Bernardini, Miguel de Vasconcelos, Mihály Vörösmarty, Mika Pohjola, Mike Denness, Minister of Defence (Soviet Union), Minister of Foreign Affairs (Egypt), Ministry of Defence (Russia), Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights, Minoru Yamasaki, Mitchell Cole, Mohamed Kamel Amr, Mohammad Kaif, Montgomery bus boycott, Montgomery, Alabama, Mubarak Hassan Shami, Muriel Costa-Greenspon, N. T. Wright, Nahum, Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, NASA, Nathalie Lambert, National Hockey League, Neil Warnock, Nellie Fox, Nestor Carbonell, New York Daily News, Nicholas Ferrar, Nicolae Bretan, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, Nikolai Lobachevsky, Nikolai Voznesensky, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, North Vietnam, Northwest Airlines Flight 6231, November 28, Obba Babatundé, Office of Civilian Defense, Ohio, Oregon, Our Lady of the Angels School fire, Pablo Escobar, Pamela McGee, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paris, Park Hyo-shin, Pat Spillane, Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa, Paul Benedict, Paul McCartney, Pedro I of Brazil, Pekka Halonen, Personal union, Pete Best, Peter Baptist Tadamaro Ishigami, Peter Bronfman, Peter II, Duke of Bourbon, Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Philippine dynasty, Pierre d'Hozier, Planned economy, Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Pope Leo III, Pope Leo X, Premier of Manitoba, Premier of Tasmania, President of Chile, President of Latvia, President of the Philippines, Prime Minister of Israel, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Public Forces of Costa Rica, Public holidays in Ghana, Public holidays in Iceland, Public holidays in Myanmar, Public holidays in Portugal, Public holidays in Thailand, Public holidays in the Central African Republic, Public holidays in Turkmenistan, Punch Imlach, Racial segregation, Raleigh, North Carolina, Ralph Sherwin, Ranvir Sena, Ray Gillen, Raymond E. Goldstein, Reena Pärnat, Reform the Armed Forces Movement, Reggie Sanders, Rex Stout, Richard Carrier, Richard Coughlan, Richard Keith (actor), Richard Pryor, Rick Majerus, Riz Ahmed, Rob Blokzijl, Robert Symonds, Rocky Wood, Roelof Frankot, Roger Peterson (musician), Roman Catholic Diocese of Naha, Romania, Rosa Parks, Rosa Parks Day, Ross Edwards, Ross Hannaford, Russ Manning, Russia, Ryan Malone, Safra Catz, Saint Eligius, Saint Grwst, Salvatore Schillaci, Sandy Nelson, Sarah Fitz-Gerald, Sarah Silverman, Sarfraz Nawaz, Schmidt camera, Sebastián Piñera, Seedy Njie, Self-governance, Sergey Kirov, Sex reassignment surgery, Shaw University, Shirin M. Rai, Simon Dawkins, Sindhi Cultural Day, Sindhi diaspora, Slave ship, Slavery Abolition Act 1833, Sophia Skou, Sophie Guillemin, Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Sotelúm, Southern Hemisphere, Soviet Union, Stansfield Turner, State of the Union, Stéphane Grappelli, Stephanie Brown Trafton, Stephen Poliakoff, Steve Gibb, Stirling Colgate, Stuart Garson, Sun Yang, Sylvie Daigle, Tabarie Henry, Tadeáš Hájek, Tahar Ben Jelloun, Takeda Shingen, Tasso Wild, Thailand, Thietmar of Merseburg, Thomas Hayward (tenor), Thomas Schie, Tisha Waller, Tomasz Adamek, Tomáš Tatar, Transylvania, Treat Williams, Trevor Obst, Tromøya, Turkey, Turkmenistan, TWA Flight 514, Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Tyler Joseph, Udit Narayan, Ukraine, Ukrainian independence referendum, 1991, Union of Transylvania with Romania, United States, United States House of Representatives, United States presidential election, 1824, Ursicinus of Brescia, Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, Vance Joy, Vangelis Sklavos, Veikko Aaltonen, Verónica Forqué, Vernon McGarity, Vesta Williams, Vice President of the People's Republic of China, Vietnam War, Violette Verdy, Virginie Loveling, Vsevolod Bobrov, Wally Lewis, Walter Alston, Wan Li, Washington Dulles International Airport, William Swainson (lawyer), Woody Allen, World AIDS Day, World Trade Center (1973–2001), World War II, Zhu De, Zoë Kravitz, 1018, 1081, 1083, 1135, 1241, 1335, 1374, 1415, 1420, 1433, 1438, 1443, 1455, 1488, 1521, 1525, 1530, 1561, 1577, 1580, 1581, 1633, 1640, 1660, 1690, 1709, 1716, 1729, 1743, 1750, 1755, 1761, 1767, 1768, 1792, 1800, 1805, 1822, 1824, 1825, 1828, 1834, 1844, 1846, 1847, 1855, 1862, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1869, 1871, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1898, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1905, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1989 Philippine coup attempt, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 660, 800, 948, 969, 9th Dalai Lama. Expand index (609 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich (1 February 1796, Brugg, Aargau1 December 1865) was a Swiss poet.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan (June 2, 1305, Ujan – December 1, 1335) (Persian, Arabic), also spelt Abusaid Bahador Khan, Abu Sa'id Behauder (ᠪᠦᠰᠠᠢ ᠪᠠᠬᠠᠲᠦᠷ ᠬᠠᠨ᠂ Busayid Baghatur Khan, Бусайд баатар хаан/Busaid baatar khaan, in modern Mongolian), was the ninth ruler of Ilkhanate c. 1316-1335.
Adriaan Blaauw (12 April 1914 – 1 December 2010) was a Dutch astronomer.
Afrânio Pompílio Gastos do Amaral (1 December 1894 in Belém – 29 November 1982 in São Paulo) was a Brazilian herpetologist.
Agnė Čepelytė (born 1 December 1995 in Panevėžys) is a Lithuanian tennis player.
Alain Bashung (born Alain Baschung 1 December 1947 – 14 March 2009) was a French singer, songwriter and actor.
Alan Dedicoat (born 1 December 1954) is an English announcer for programmes on BBC One and BBC Radio 2; he is probably best known as the "Voice of the Balls" on the National Lottery programmes on BBC One.
Alberto Cova (born December 1, 1958) is a retired Italian long-distance track athlete, winner of the 10,000 m at the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Aleister Crowley (born Edward Alexander Crowley; 12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947) was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist, and mountaineer.
Alexander "Alex" S. Wilson (December 1, 1907 – December 9, 1994) was a Canadian sprinter who competed in both the 1928 Summer Olympics and the 1932 Summer Olympics.
Saint Alexander Briant (17 August 1556 – 1 December 1581) was an English Jesuit and martyr, executed at Tyburn.
Alexander I (Александр Павлович, Aleksandr Pavlovich; –) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1801 and 1825.
Alexandra of Denmark (Alexandra Caroline Marie Charlotte Louise Julia; 1 December 1844 – 20 November 1925) was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress of India as the wife of King Edward VII.
Alfred Thayer Mahan (September 27, 1840 – December 1, 1914) was a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century." His book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) won immediate recognition, especially in Europe, and with its successor, The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), made him world-famous and perhaps the most influential American author of the nineteenth century.
Dame Alicia Markova DBE (1 December 1910 – 2 December 2004) was an English ballerina and a choreographer, director and teacher of classical ballet.
Allyn Ann McLerie (December 1, 1926 – May 21, 2018) was a Canadian-born Brooklyn-reared actress, singer, and dancer who worked with many Golden-Age musical theatre's major choreographers, including George Balanchine, Agnes de Mille, and Jerome Robbins.
Alvin Ailey (January 5, 1931 – December 1, 1989) was an African-American choreographer and activist who founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in New York City.
Anders Holmertz (born 1 December 1968 in Motala) is a Swedish retired swimmer who was a leader in freestyle (200 and 400 meters) races in the 1980s and at the beginning of the 1990s, though often missing personal success.
Andrew Ralph Adamson (born 1 December 1966) is a New Zealand film director, producer and screenwriter based mainly in Los Angeles, where he made the blockbuster animation films, Shrek and Shrek 2 for which he received an Academy Award win.
Anna Komnene (Ἄννα Κομνηνή, Ánna Komnēnḗ; 1 December 1083 – 1153), commonly latinized as Anna Comnena, was a Byzantine princess, scholar, physician, hospital administrator, and historian.
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Dall Boettiger Halsted (May 3, 1906 – December 1, 1975) was an American writer who worked as a newspaper editor, and in public relations.
Saint Ansanus (Sant'Ansano) (died 304 AD), called The Baptizer or The Apostle of Siena, is the patron saint of Siena, a scion of the Anician family of Rome.
The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively known as the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earth's only continent without a native human population.
Antonia Brenner, better known as Mother Antonia, (December 1, 1926 – October 17, 2013) was an American Roman Catholic religious sister and activist who chose to reside and care for inmates at the notorious maximum-security La Mesa Prison in Tijuana, Mexico.
The Apostolic Palace (Palatium Apostolicum; Palazzo Apostolico) is the official residence of the Roman Catholic Pope and Bishop of Rome, which is located in Vatican City.
Archibald Campbell MacLaren (1 December 1871 – 17 November 1944) was an English cricketer who captained the England cricket team at various times between 1898 and 1909.
Deshamanya Arjuna Ranatunga (අර්ජුන රණතුංග; born 1 December 1963) is a former Sri Lankan cricketer and 1996 Cricket World Cup winning captain for Sri Lanka.
Arthur Chaskalson SCOB, (24 November 1931 – 1 December 2012) was President of the Constitutional Court of South Africa from 1994 to 2001 and Chief Justice of South Africa from 2001 to 2005.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
The Attorney-General is a political and legal officer in New Zealand.
Étienne Maurice Falconet (1 December 1716 – 24 January 1791) was a French baroque, rococo and neoclassical sculptor, best-known for his equestrian statue of Peter the Great, the Bronze Horseman (1782), in St.
Bart Marshall Millard (born December 1, 1972) is an American singer and songwriter who is best known as the leader of the band MercyMe.
Beatification (from Latin beatus, "blessed" and facere, "to make") is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name.
Saint Bernardino Realino (1 December 1530 – 2 July 1616) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member of the Jesuits.
Bernhard Woldemar Schmidt (– 1 December 1935) was a German optician.
Bessarabia (Basarabia; Бессарабия, Bessarabiya; Besarabya; Бессара́бія, Bessarabiya; Бесарабия, Besarabiya) is a historical region in Eastern Europe, bounded by the Dniester river on the east and the Prut river on the west.
Bette Midler (Inside the Actors Studio, 2004 born December 1, 1945) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, comedian, and film producer.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
William Dallas Fyfe Brown (8 October 1931 – 30 November 2004) was a Scottish football goalkeeper.
Billy Childish (born Steven John Hamper, 1 December 1959) is an English painter, author, poet, photographer, film maker, singer and guitarist.
Paul Williams (December 1, 1934 – April 24, 2016), known professionally as Billy Paul, was a Grammy Award-winning American soul singer, known for his 1972 #1 single, "Me and Mrs. Jones", as well as the 1973 album and single "War of the Gods" which blends his more conventional pop, soul, and funk styles with electronic and psychedelic influences.
Robert "Bob" Fulton AM (born 1 December 1947) is an English-born Australian former professional rugby league footballer, coach and commentator.
The Boeing 727 is a midsized, narrow-body three-engined jet aircraft built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from the early 1960s to 1984.
The Boston Bruins are a professional ice hockey team based in Boston.
Bradford Phillip Delson (born December 1, 1977) is an American musician and record producer, best known as the lead guitarist and one of the founding members of the American rock band Linkin Park.
Brett Anthony Williams (born 1 December 1987) is an English footballer who plays for Torquay United as a striker.
Bruce Graham Trigger, (June 18, 1937 – December 1, 2006) was a Canadian archaeologist, anthropologist, and ethnohistorian.
Blessed Bruna Pellesi (11 November 1917 – 1 December 1972) - in religious Maria Rosa of Jesus - was an Italian professed religious and a professed member from the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of Christ.
The Buenos Aires Underground (Subterráneo de Buenos Aires), locally known as Subte (from subterráneo – 'underground' or 'subterranean'), is a mass transit metro system that serves the area of the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Bukovina (Bucovina; Bukowina/Buchenland; Bukowina; Bukovina, Буковина Bukovyna; see also other languages) is a historical region in Central Europe,Klaus Peter Berger,, Kluwer Law International, 2010, p. 132 divided between Romania and Ukraine, located on the northern slopes of the central Eastern Carpathians and the adjoining plains.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
The veneration of saints in the Episcopal Church is a continuation of an ancient tradition from the early Church which honors important and influential people of the Christian faith.
Calvin Robertson Griffith (December 1, 1911 – October 20, 1999), born Calvin Griffith Robertson in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, was a Major League Baseball team owner.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Cambodian Civil War (សង្គ្រាមស៊ីវិលកម្ពុជា) was a military conflict that pitted the forces of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (known as the Khmer Rouge) and their allies the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Viet Cong against the government forces of the Kingdom of Cambodia and, after October 1970, the Khmer Republic, which were supported by the United States (U.S.) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).
Candace Bushnell (born December 1, 1958) is an American author, journalist, and television producer.
The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope.
Carla Lehmann (26 February 1917 – 1 December 1990) was a Canadian-born stage, film and television actress.
Carol Ann Alt (born December 1, 1960) is an American model and actress.
Castritian (Castritianus, Castriziano) was Bishop of Milan in mid 3rd-century.
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Central Organising Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Party Unity, more commonly known as CPI(ML) Party Unity or simply 'Party Unity', was a communist party in India 1982-1998.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Chanel Preston (born December 1, 1985) is an American pornographic actress and the Penthouse magazine Penthouse Pet for March 2012.
The Channel Tunnel (Le tunnel sous la Manche; also nicknamed the Chunnel) is a rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.
Charilaos Vasilakos (Χαρίλαος Βασιλάκος, 1875 – December 1, 1964) was a Greek athlete and the first man to win a marathon race.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Charles Eugene Vicomte de Foucauld de Pontbriand (15 September 1858 – 1 December 1916) was a French Catholic religious and priest living among the Tuareg in the Sahara in Algeria.
Charles Gray Round (28 January 1797 – 1 December 1867) was a barrister and the Conservative member of parliament (MP) for North Essex 1837–47.
The Chief Justice of South Africa is the most senior judge of the Constitutional Court and head of the judiciary of South Africa, who exercises final authority over the functioning and management of all the courts.
Chris Poland (born December 1, 1957) is an American musician, best known for being the former guitarist for American thrash metal band Megadeth from 1984 to 1987 and again for some session work in 2004.
Christa Wolf (née Ihlenfeld; 18 March 1929, Landsberg an der Warthe – 1 December 2011, Berlin) was a German literary critic, novelist, and essayist.
Christian Pescatori is a professional racecar driver from Italy.
Christine Jorgensen (May 30, 1926 – May 3, 1989) was an American trans woman who was the first person to become widely known in the United States for having sex reassignment surgery.
Christos Kalantzis (Greek: Χρήστος Καλαντζής; born 1 December 1982) is a retired professional football player.
Christos Melissis, (Χρήστος Μελίσσης; born 1 December 1982) is a Greek football player who played for Sudanese club Al-Hilal Omdurman.
The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is a congressionally chartered, federally supported non-profit corporation that serves as the official civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (USAF).
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Clark Kerr (May 17, 1911 – December 1, 2003) was an American professor of economics and academic administrator.
Claude Marcelle Jorré, better known as Claude Jade (8 October 1948 – 1 December 2006), was a French actress.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Colin Tapley (7 May 1907 – 1 December 1995) was a New Zealand actor in both American and British films.
Colin Christopher Paget Tennant, 3rd Baron Glenconner (1 December 1926 – 27 August 2010) was a British aristocrat.
The Controlled Impact Demonstration (or colloquially the Crash In the Desert) was a joint project between NASA and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that intentionally crashed a remotely controlled Boeing 720 aircraft to acquire data and test new technologies that might help passengers and crew survive.
Maria Corazon "Cory" Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009) was a Filipina politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
Francisco José Rodrigues da Costa, OIH (born 1 December 1974), known as Costinha, is a retired Portuguese footballer who played as a defensive midfielder, and is the current manager of C.D. Nacional.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
Cyril Joseph Trimnell-Ritchard (1 December 1898 – 18 December 1977), known professionally as Cyril Ritchard, was an Australian stage, screen and television actor, and director.
Prince Tisavarakumarn, the Prince Damrong Rajanubhab (สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ พระองค์เจ้าดิศวรกุมาร กรมพระยาดำรงราชานุภาพ; Full transcription is "Somdet Phrachao Borommawongthoe Phra-ongchao Ditsawarakuman Kromphraya Damrongrachanuphap" (สมเด็จพระเจ้าบรมวงศ์เธอ พระองค์เจ้าดิศวรกุมาร กรมพระยาดำรงราชานุภาพ)) (21 June 1862 – 1 December 1943) was the founder of the modern Thai educational system as well as the modern provincial administration.
Daniel "Dan" James Mavraides (Greek: Nτάνιελ "Nταν" Τζέιμς Μαυραειδής; born December 1, 1988) is a Greek American former professional basketball player.
David Arugete (3 April 1921 – 1 December 1968), commonly known under his stage name Darío Moreno, was a Turkish polyglot singer, an accomplished composer, lyricist, and guitarist.
David Arthur McNally (October 31, 1942 – December 1, 2002) was a Major League Baseball left-handed starting pitcher from until.
David Ben-Gurion (דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן;, born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was the primary national founder of the State of Israel and the first Prime Minister of Israel.
David Fitzgerald Doyle (December 1, 1929 – February 26, 1997) was an American actor best known for his portrayal of John Bosley on the 1970s TV series Charlie's Angels.
Day Without Art (DWA) is an annual event where art museums and other organizations organize programs to raise awareness of AIDS, remember people who have died, and inspire positive action.
The Days of Military Honour (Дни воинской славы, dni voinskoy slavy) are special memorable dates in the Russian Armed Forces dedicated to the most outstanding victories won by Russia.
November 30 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - December 2 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on December 14 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
The Decembrist revolution (Revolución decembrina) was a military coup in the Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
DeSean William Jackson (born December 1, 1986) is an American football wide receiver for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL).
Dick Shawn (born Richard Schulefand, December 1, 1923 – April 17, 1987) was an American actor and comedian.
Dimitrios Trichopoulos (Δημήτριος Τριχόπουλος; December 9, 1938 – December 1, 2014), was a Mediterranean Diet expert and tobacco harms researcher.
The Office of United States Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) was the head of the American Central Intelligence Agency from 1946 to 2005, acting as the principal intelligence advisor to the President of the United States and the United States National Security Council, as well as the coordinator of intelligence activities among and between the various U.S. intelligence agencies (collectively known as the Intelligence Community from 1981 onwards).
Douglas John Mulray (born 1 December 1951) is an Australian comedian, radio and television presenter.
On December 1, 1969, the Selective Service System of the United States conducted two lotteries to determine the order of call to military service in the Vietnam War for men born from 1944 to 1950.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Edgar Hilleary Price, Jr., (January 1, 1918 – December 1, 2012), was a World War II Bomber pilot, Florida legislator, community leader and agricultural manager who fought for civil rights and public education.
Saint Edmund Campion, S.J., (24 January 1540 – 1 December 1581) was an English Roman Catholic Jesuit priest and martyr.
Edward James "Babe" Heffron (16 May 1923 – 1 December 2013) was a private with E Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division of the United States Army during World War II.
Edward Latimer Beach Jr. (April 20, 1918 – December 1, 2002), nicknamed "Ned", was a highly decorated United States Navy submarine officer and best-selling author.
The United States Electoral College is the mechanism established by the United States Constitution for the election of the president and vice president of the United States by small groups of appointed representatives, electors, from each state and the District of Columbia.
Eligiusz Niewiadomski (December 1, 1869 in Warsaw – January 31, 1923 in Warsaw) was a Polish modernist painter and art critic who belonged to the right-wing National Democratic Party till 1904 and later continued supporting it.
Elisabeth of Nassau-Dillenburg (1 December 1488 – 3 June 1559 in Dillenburg) was a member of the House of Nassau.
Ellis Roderick Dungan (May 11, 1909 – December 1, 2001), He was an American film director, who was well known for working in Indian films, predominantly in Tamil cinema, from 1936 to 1950.
The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95, was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.
Emiliano Viviano (born 1 December 1985) is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Sporting CP and the Italy national team.
Emily McLaughlin (December 1, 1928 – April 26, 1991) was an American actress known for her long-standing role as Nurse Jessie Brewer on the ABC daytime soap opera General Hospital.
Emily Kathleen Anne Mortimer (born 1 December 1971) is an English actress and screenwriter.
Emperor Go-Komatsu (後小松天皇 Go-Komatsu-tennō) (August 1, 1377 – December 1, 1433) was the 100th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of successionImperial Household Agency (Kunaichō):; retrieved 2013-8-28.
Endicott Peabody (February 15, 1920 – December 2, 1997) was an American politician from Massachusetts.
Eric Bloom (born December 1, 1944) is an American singer, songwriter and musician.
Ernest John Moeran (31 December 18941 December 1950) was an English composer who had strong associations with Ireland (his father was Irish, he spent much of his life there, and he died there).
Ernesto Maserati (4 August 1898 – 1 December 1975) was an Italian automotive engineer and racer, with Maserati of Modena since its inception in Bologna on 14 December 1914, together with his brothers Alfieri Maserati (leader), Ettore Maserati, Bindo Maserati and others.
Eugenio Monti (23 January 1928 – 1 December 2003) was an Italian bobsledder.
Saint Evasius (Sant'Evasio; probably third century AD) is believed to have been a missionary and bishop of Asti, in north-west Italy.
Filippos Petsalnikos (Φίλιππος Πετσάλνικος; born 1 December 1950) is a Greek politician of the Movement of Democratic Socialists.
Fiorello Henry La Guardia (born Fiorello Enrico La Guardia) (December 11, 1882September 20, 1947) was an American politician.
The First Balkan War (Балканска война; Αʹ Βαλκανικός πόλεμος; Први балкански рат, Prvi Balkanski rat; Birinci Balkan Savaşı), lasted from October 1912 to May 1913 and comprised actions of the Balkan League (the kingdoms of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro) against the Ottoman Empire.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
François "Swat" Van der Elst (1 December 1954 – 11 January 2017) was a Belgian footballer who played as a right winger.
Sir Francis Walsingham (1532 – 6 April 1590) was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster".
Frank McCarthy (June 8, 1912 – December 1, 1986) was the secretary of the General Staff of the United States Department of War during World War II; briefly United States Assistant Secretary of State for Administration in 1945; and later a distinguished film producer, whose production Patton won the 1970 Academy Award for Best Picture.
Franz (Czech: František) Xaver Richter, known as François Xavier Richter in France (December 1, 1709 – September 12, 1789) was an Austro-Moravian singer, violinist, composer, conductor and music theoretician who spent most of his life first in Austria and later in Mannheim and in Strasbourg, where he was music director of the cathedral.
Fred Rose (August 24, 1897 or 1898 – December 1, 1954) was an American musician, Hall of Fame songwriter, and music publishing executive.
The Fredensborg was a frigate built in Copenhagen in 1753.
Freedom and Democracy Day is a national holiday in Chad, falling on 1 December.
Freeman Victor Horner (June 7, 1922 – December 1, 2005) was a United States Army officer and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II.
The French Union was a political entity created by the French Fourth Republic to replace the old French colonial system, colloquially known as the "French Empire" (Empire Français).
was a Japanese statesman, courtier and politician during the Heian period.
Godfrey Harold Hardy (7 February 1877 – 1 December 1947) was an English mathematician, known for his achievements in number theory and mathematical analysis.
Gao Conghui (高從誨) (891 – December 1, 948; might have been born with or used the name Zhu Conghui (朱從誨), formally Prince Wenxian of Nanping (南平文獻王), courtesy name Zunsheng (遵聖)) was the ruler of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period state Jingnan (Nanping) from 929 to 948.
Gary Panter (born December 1, 1950) is a cartoonist, illustrator, painter, designer and part-time musician.
Gary Charles Peters Sr. (born December 1, 1958) is an American politician and businessman who is the junior United States Senator from Michigan, serving since 2015.
Colonel Sir George Everest CB FRS FRAS FRGS (4 July 1790 – 1 December 1866) was a British surveyor and geographer who served as Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843.
George Arthur Foster (born December 1, 1948) is an American former professional baseball outfielder, who played in Major League Baseball from 1969 to 1986.
George Maxwell Richards, TC, CM (1 December 1931 – 8 January 2018) was a Trinidadian politician.
George Joseph Stigler (January 17, 1911 – December 1, 1991) was an American economist, the 1982 laureate in Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences and a key leader of the Chicago School of Economics.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (– 18 June 1974) was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Giacomo Filippo Maraldi (August 21, 1665 – December 1, 1729) was a French-Italian astronomer and mathematician.
Gilbert O'Sullivan (born Raymond Edward O'Sullivan, 1 December 1946) is an Irish singer-songwriter, best known for his early 1970s hits "Alone Again (Naturally)", "Clair", and "Get Down".
Giovanni Morone (or Moroni) (25 January 1509 – 1 December 1580) was an Italian cardinal.
Gordon Crosse (born 1 December 1937) is an English composer.
The Governor of Massachusetts is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Massachusetts and serves as commander-in-chief of the Commonwealth's military forces.
The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales.
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
Great Union Day (Ziua Marii Uniri, also called Unification Day) occurring on December 1, is the national holiday of Romania.
Gustav Lascaris Avrakotos (January 14, 1938 – December 1, 2005) was an American case officer and Afghan Task Force Chief for the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Henry Joel Cadbury (December 1, 1883 – October 7, 1974) was a biblical scholar, Quaker historian, writer, and non-profit administrator.
Henry David Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan FRS (17 April 1710 – 1 December 1767), styled Lord Auchterhouse until 1745, was a Scottish peer.
Henry William Honiball (born 1 December 1965) is a former South African rugby union footballer.
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
Henry William Williamson (1 December 1895 – 13 August 1977) was an English army officer, naturalist, farmer and ruralist writer known for his natural history and social history novels.
Hilda Melander (born 1 December 1991 in Stockholm) is a Swedish tennis player.
Hillard (Hilly) Elkins (October 18, 1929 – December 1, 2010) was an American theatre and film producer.
was the 124th Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 25 December 1926, until his death on 7 January 1989.
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African-American community.
William Howard Vincent "Hopper" Levett (25 January 1908 – 1 December 1995) was an English cricketer who played as a wicket-keeper for Kent County Cricket Club between 1930 and 1947.
is a Japanese manufacturer of precision instruments for measurement and analysis.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
I Made Wirawan (born 1 December 1981in Gianyar) is an Indonesian professional footballer who currently plays as a Goalkeeper for Liga 1 club, Persib Bandung and the Indonesia national team.
The Iberian Union was the dynastic union of the Crown of Portugal and the Spanish Crown between 1580 and 1640, bringing the entire Iberian Peninsula, as well as Spanish and Portuguese overseas possessions, under the Spanish Habsburg kings Philip II, Philip III and Philip IV of Spain.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Rao Iftikhar Anjum (راؤ اِفتِخار انجُم) (born 1 December 1980) is a Pakistani cricketer.
Igor Nikolayevich Rodionov (Игорь Николаевич Родионов; 1 December 1936 – 19 December 2014) was a Russian general and Duma deputy.
Ilona Feher or Ilona Fehér (1 December 1901, Budapest, Hungary – January, 1988, Holon, Israel), was one of the last representatives of the Central European Violin School whose greats included Joseph Joachim, Otakar Ševčík and Jenő Hubay.
Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308 was a McDonnell Douglas MD-81 aircraft operating a Yugoslavian charter flight to the French island of Corsica.
Isabella Clara Eugenia (Isabel Clara Eugenia; 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert VII, Archduke of Austria.
Isabella of England (1214 – 1 December 1241), was Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, and Queen consort of Sicily.
Randolph Isaiah "Ikey" Owens (December 1, 1974 – October 14, 2014) was an American Grammy Award winning keyboardist known for his work with The Mars Volta, Jack White and an array of bands from the Long Beach music scene.
John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (5 November 18921 December 1964) was an English scientist known for his work in the study of physiology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and in mathematics, where he made innovative contributions to the fields of statistics and biostatistics.
John Vernon McGee, Th.D., LL.D, (June 17, 1904 – December 1, 1988) was an American ordained Presbyterian minister (PCUS), the pastor of a non-denominational church, a Bible teacher, theologian, and a radio minister.
John Francis Anthony "Jaco" Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz bassist who was a member of Weather Report from 1976 to 1981.
James Arthur "Jimmy" Baldwin (August 2, 1924 – December 1, 1987) was an American novelist and social critic.
James Antony Wilson (born 1 December 1995) is an English professional footballer who plays as a striker for Manchester United.
Jan Brett (born December 1, 1949) is an American illustrator and writer of children's picture books.
Jan Długosz (1 December 1415 – 19 May 1480), also known as Ioannes, Joannes, or Johannes Longinus or Dlugossius, was a Polish priest, chronicler, diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków.
Jane Turner (born 1 December 1960 in Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia) is an Australian actress, comedian and Logie Award-winning comedy writer.
Janelle Monáe Robinson (born December 1, 1985) is an American singer, songwriter, rapper, record producer, actress, and model.
Javier Aguirre Onaindía (born 1 December 1958), popularly nicknamed El Vasco (The Basque), is a Mexican former footballer and manager, most recently at Al-Wahda F.C..
Ednel Javier Báez (born December 1, 1992) is a Puerto Rican professional baseball infielder for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Jeremy Philip Northam (born 1 December 1961) is an English actor.
Gerald Anderson "Jerry" Lawson (December 1, 1940 – April 9, 2011) was an American electronic engineer, and one of the few African-American engineers in the industry at that time.
James Loscutoff Jr (February 4, 1930 – December 1, 2015) was a professional basketball player for the NBA's Boston Celtics.
Jim Nesbitt (December 1, 1931 – November 29, 2007) was an American country music singer.
Jimmy Lyons (December 1, 1931 – May 19, 1986) was an alto saxophone player.
Jo Walton (born December 1, 1964) is a Welsh-Canadian fantasy and science fiction writer and poet.
Joachim Hoffmann (1 December 1930 – 8 February 2002) was a German historian and scientific director of the German Armed Forces Military History Research Office.
Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (27 September 1677 – 1 December 1750) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
John Coughlin (born December 1, 1985) is an American pair skater.
John Crowley (born December 1, 1942) is an American author of fantasy, science fiction and mainstream fiction.
John Paul Densmore (born December 1, 1944) is an American musician, songwriter, author and actor.
Sir John William Evans, CMG (1 December 1855 – 2 October 1943) was an Australian politician, a member of the Tasmanian House of Assembly and Premier of Tasmania from 11 July 1904 to 19 June 1909.
John F. Kennedy International Airport (often referred to as Kennedy Airport, New York-JFK or simply JFK) is the primary international airport serving New York City.
John Francis Kurtzke (September 14, 1926 – December 1, 2015) was a neuroepidemiologist and Professor of Neurology at Georgetown University who is best known for his creation of the Expanded Disability Status Scale and for his research on multiple sclerosis (MS).
John IV (João IV de Portugal,; 19 March 1604 – 6 November 1656) was the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1640 to his death.
John Roskelley (born December 1, 1948) is a noted mountain climber and author from Spokane, Washington, and is known for his first ascents and notable ascents of 7000 and 8000 meter peaks in Nepal, India, and Pakistan.
John Schlimm (born December 1, 1971) is an American author, activist, artist, and educator.
Jonathan Coulton (born December 1, 1970), often called "JoCo" by fans, is an American singer-songwriter, known for his songs about geek culture and his use of the Internet to draw fans.
Jonathan Paul Katz (born December 1, 1946) is an American comedian, actor, and voice actor best known for his starring role in the animated sitcom Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist as Dr.
José Eustasio Rivera Salas (February 19, 1888 - December 1, 1928) was a Colombian lawyer and poet primarily known for his national epic The Vortex.
Joseph Bitner Wirthlin (June 11, 1917 – December 1, 2008) was an American businessman, religious leader and member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
Joseph Frederick Engelberger (July 26, 1925 – December 1, 2015) was an American physicist, engineer and entrepreneur.
Jovan Henry Allen Belcher (July 24, 1987 – December 1, 2012) was an American football linebacker who played for the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League (NFL).
Juan Galo Lavalle (October 17, 1797 – October 9, 1841) was an Argentine military and political figure.
Dame Judith Elizabeth Hackitt,, FIChemE, FCGI (born 1 December 1954) is a British engineer and civil servant.
Juhan Liiv (in Allatzkiwwi &ndash) in Werbach-Kosse) is one of Estonia's most famous poets.
Julee A. Cruise (born December 1, 1956, Creston, Iowa) is an American singer, songwriter, actress and musician best known for her collaborations with composer Angelo Badalamenti and film director David Lynch in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Julia Ann Moore, the "Sweet Singer of Michigan", born Julia Ann Davis in Plainfield Township, Kent County, Michigan (December 1, 1847 – June 5, 1920), was an American poet, or more precisely, poetaster.
Justin Chadwick (born 6 December 1968) is an English actor and television and film director.
Karen Tumulty (born December 1, 1955) is a national political correspondent for The Washington Post.
Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (Karl Schmidt until 1905; 1 December 1884 –10 August 1976) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker; he was one of the four founders of the artist group Die Brücke.
Karna Maria Birmingham (3 December 1900 – 5 July 1987) was an Australian artist, illustrator and print maker.
Katherine LaNasa (born December 1, 1966) is an American actress, former ballet dancer and choreographer.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
Keith Joseph Michell (1 December 1926 – 20 November 2015) was an Australian actor who worked primarily in the United Kingdom, and was best known for his television and film portrayals of King Henry VIII.
Kemal Kurspahić (born 1 December 1946 in Mrkonjić Grad) is a Bosnian Managing Editor of The Connection Newspapers in Alexandria, Va., USA and Chairman/Founder of the Media in Democracy Institute, dedicated to promoting higher standards in journalism in post-conflict societies and countries in transition to democracy.
Kenneth Bruce McGregor (2 June 1929 – 1 December 2007) was an Australian tennis player from Australia who won the Men's Singles title at the Australian Championships in 1952.
Kenneth Clark Moore (born December 1, 1943) is an American athlete and journalist.
The Khmer Rouge ("Red Khmers"; ខ្មែរក្រហម Khmer Kror-Horm) was the name popularly given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea and by extension to the regime through which the CPK ruled Cambodia between 1975 and 1979.
The Kingdom of Iceland (Konungsríkið Ísland; Kongeriget Island) was a constitutional monarchy, a sovereign and independent country that was established by the Act of Union with Denmark signed on 1 December 1918.
The Kingdom of Romania (Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic.
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.
Kirk Wesley Rueter (born December 1, 1970) is a former left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball, and is the Giants franchise record holder for career wins by a left-handed pitcher in the San Francisco Era.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Larry Kenneth Robert Walker (born December 1, 1966) is a Canadian former professional baseball right fielder in Major League Baseball (MLB).
Laura G. Ling (born December 1, 1976) is an American journalist and writer.
Ledi Sayadaw U Ñanadhaja (လယ်တီဆရာတော် ဦးဉာဏဓဇ,; 1 December 1846 – 27 June 1923) was an influential Theravada Buddhist monk.
Lee McKenzie (born 1 December 1977) is a journalist and presenter who is a reporter and deputy presenter for Channel 4's F1 coverage and also the main presenter of the channel's highlights of the World Endurance Championship.
Lee Buck Trevino (born December 1, 1939) is a retired American professional golfer who is regarded as one of the greatest players in professional golf history and the greatest Hispanic golfer of all time.
Linos-Spyridon Chrysikopoulos (Greek: Λίνος-Σπυρίδων Χρυσικόπουλος; born December 1, 1992) is a Greek professional basketball player for P.A.O.K. of the Greek Basket League.
This is a list of the heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago, from the independence of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962 to the present day.
Brazil was ruled by a series of monarchs in the period 1815–1889; first as a kingdom united with Portugal in the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (1815–1822), subsequently as a sovereign and independent state, the Empire of Brazil (1822–1889).
The Prime Minister of the Portuguese Republic (Primeiro-Ministro da República Portuguesa) is the head of the country's Government.
Teachers' Day is a special day for the appreciation of teachers, and may include celebrations to honor them for their special contributions in a particular field area, or the community in general.
This is a list of the vice premiers of the People's Republic of China since 1949.
Lloyd Colin Doyley (born 1 December 1982) is a professional footballer who plays as a defender for National League South club Hemel Hempstead Town.
The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister.
Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378 – 1 December 1455), born Lorenzo di Bartolo, was a Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise.
Louis Allen Rawls (December 1, 1933 – January 6, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, actor, voice actor, and record producer.
Louis VI (c.1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (le Gros) or the Fighter (le Batailleur), was King of the Franks from 1108 until his death (1137).
Luke McPharlin (born 1 December 1981) is a former professional Australian rules footballer who played in the Australian Football League (AFL) for the Fremantle Football Club between 2002 and 2015, after two seasons with the Hawthorn Football Club.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with smaller museums in a number of other major cities.
Madeleine of France, also called Magdalena of Valois (1 December 1443, Tours - 21 January 1495, Pamplona), was a French princess, and regent of Navarre during the minority of her children, Francis I and Catherine I, who were successively monarchs of Navarre, from 1479 until 1494.
Robert Pešut (born 1 December 1965), known as Magnifico, is a Slovenian singer of Slovene and Serbian descent.
Magnus IV (April or May 1316 – 1 December 1374; Swedish Magnus Eriksson) was King of Sweden from 1319 to 1364, King of Norway as Magnus VII (including Iceland and Greenland) from 1319 to 1343, and ruler of Scania from 1332 to 1360.
Malachi Throne (December 1, 1928 – March 13, 2013) was an American stage and television actor, noted for his guest-starring roles on Star Trek, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Lost in Space, Batman, Land of the Giants, The Time Tunnel, Mission: Impossible, and The Six Million Dollar Man, and best known as Noah Bain on It Takes a Thief.
Manju Bansal (born. 1 December 1950) specializes in the field of Molecular biophysics and is currently a professor of theoretical Biophysics group in Molecular Biophysicsunit of in the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
Manuel Dorrego (11 June 1787 in Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires – 13 December 1828 in Navarro, Buenos Aires) was an Argentine statesman and soldier.
Marco Greco (Born December 1, 1963 in São Paulo) is a Brazilian former Grand Prix motorcycle road racer and auto racing driver who competed in the Indy Racing League from 1996 to 1999.
Wulfert Cornelius "Marco" van Ginkel (born 1 December 1992) is a Dutch footballer who plays as a midfielder for Chelsea and the Netherlands national team.
Archduchess Margaret of Austria (Margarete von Österreich; Marguerite d'Autriche; Margaretha van Oostenrijk; Margarita de Austria) (10 January 1480 – 1 December 1530), Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Savoy by her two marriages, was Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530.
Dame Marie Roslyn Bashir (born 1 December 1930) is the former and second longest-serving Governor of New South Wales.
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.
Mario Abramovich (31 October 1926 – 1 December 2014) was an Argentine violinist and composer, considered an important figure linked to the music of tango.
Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1 December 1743 – 1 January 1817) was a German chemist who discovered uranium (1789), zirconium (1789), and cerium (1803), and named titanium (1795) and tellurium (1798).
Martin Rodbell (December 1, 1925 – December 7, 1998) was an American biochemist and molecular endocrinologist who is best known for his discovery of G-proteins.
Martin Ritchie Sharp (21 January 1942 – 1 December 2013) was an Australian artist, cartoonist, songwriter and film-maker.
Martin Whiteford "Mr.
Mary Hayley Bell, Lady Mills (22 January 1911 – 1 December 2005) was an English actress and writer, married for 64 years to actor Sir John Mills.
Mary Virginia Martin (December 1, 1913 – November 3, 1990) was an American actress, singer, and Broadway star.
Masahudu Alhassan (born 1 December 1992) is a Ghanaian international footballer who plays as a left back for Albanian club Teuta Durrës.
was a Japanese businessman.
Matt Fritchman (born December 1, 1975), better known by the pen name Matt Fraction, is an Eisner Award-winning American comic book writer, known for his work as the writer of The Invincible Iron Man, The Immortal Iron Fist, Uncanny X-Men, and Hawkeye for Marvel Comics and Casanova and Sex Criminals for Image Comics.
Matthews Arena, in Boston, Massachusetts, is a basketball and ice hockey arena.
Maurice Greene (12 August 1696 – 1 December 1755) was an English composer and organist.
Maxwell Reid Thurman (February 18, 1931 – December 1, 1995) was a U.S. Army general, Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, and former commander of United States Army Training and Doctrine Command.
The Mayor of the City of New York is head of the executive branch of New York City's government.
The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airliners.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
The United Nations member states are the sovereign states that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly.
General Michael William Hagee (born December 1, 1944) was the 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps (2003–2006), succeeding James L. Jones on January 13, 2003.
Michel Bélanger, (September 10, 1929 – December 1, 1997) was a Canadian businessman and banker.
Micheline Bernardini (born 1927) is a French former nude dancer at the Casino de Paris who agreed to model, on July 5, 1946, Louis Réard's two-piece swimsuit, which he called the bikini, named four days after the first test of a nuclear weapon at the Bikini Atoll.
Miguel de Vasconcelos (or Vasconcellos) e Brito (c. 1590 – 1 December 1640 in Lisbon) was the last Secretary of State (Prime Minister) of the Kingdom of Portugal, during the Philippine Dynasty, in which both kingdoms of Portugal and Spain remained separated but united by the same king and foreign policy.
Mihály Vörösmarty (archaically English: Michael Vorosmarthy 1 December 1800 – 19 November 1855) was an important Hungarian poet and dramatist.
Mika Pohjola ((born December 1, 1971) is a Finnish-born jazz pianist and composer who resides in New York City. He is one of the most prolific Scandinavian jazz musicians in his generation.
Michael Henry Denness (1 December 1940 – 19 April 2013) was a Scottish cricketer who played for England, Scotland, Kent and Essex.
The Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union refers to the head of the Ministry of Defence who was responsible for defence of the communist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1917 to 1922 and the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991.
This is a list of ministers heading the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Egypt.
The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (Министерство обороны Российской Федерации, Минобороны России, informally abbreviated as МО, МО РФ or Minoboron) exercises administrative and operational leadership of the Russian Armed Forces.
The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights (Υπουργείο Δικαιοσύνης, Διαφάνειας και Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων) is the government department entrusted with the supervision of the legal and judicial system of Greece.
Minoru Yamasaki (December 1, 1912February 6, 1986) was an American architect, best known for designing the original World Trade Center in New York City and several other large-scale projects.
Mitchell James Cole (6 October 1985 – 30 November 2012) was an English footballer.
Mohamed Kamel Amr (Arabic: محمد کامل عمرو, born 1 December 1942) is an Egyptian diplomat who served as Egypt's minister of foreign affairs from 2011 to 2013.
Mohammad Kaif (born 1 December 1980) is an Indian cricketer, who plays Tests and ODIs.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Mubarak Hassan Shami (مبارك حسن شامي, born Richard Yatich on December 1, 1980) is a Kenyan-born Qatari long-distance runner.
Muriel Costa-Greenspon (December 1, 1937 – December 26, 2005) was an American mezzo-soprano who had a lengthy career at the New York City Opera from 1963-93.
Nicholas Thomas Wright (born 1 December 1948) is a leading English New Testament scholar, Pauline theologian, and retired Anglican bishop.
Nahum (or; נַחוּם Naḥūm) was a minor prophet whose prophecy is recorded in the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament.
Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, Viscountess Astor, CH (19 May 18792 May 1964) was the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nathalie Lambert, OC (born December 1, 1963 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian Olympic medalist in short-track speed skating.
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
Neil Warnock (born 1 December 1948) is an English football manager, currently managing Welsh side Cardiff City.
Jacob Nelson Fox (December 25, 1927 – December 1, 1975) was an American professional baseball player.
Néstor Gastón Carbonell (born December 1, 1967) is an American actor, director and screenwriter.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
Nicholas Ferrar (22 February 1592 – 4 December 1637) was an English scholar, courtier, businessman and man of religion.
Nicolae Bretan (25 March 1887 – 1 December 1968) was a Romanian opera composer, baritone, conductor, and music critic.
Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc (1 December 1580 – 24 June 1637), often known simply as Peiresc, or by the Latin form of his name Peirescius, was a French astronomer, antiquary and savant, who maintained a wide correspondence with scientists, and was a successful organizer of scientific inquiry.
Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky (a; –) was a Russian mathematician and geometer, known primarily for his work on hyperbolic geometry, otherwise known as Lobachevskian geometry and also his fundamental study on Dirichlet integrals known as Lobachevsky integral formula.
Nikolai Alekseevich Voznesensky (Никола́й Алексе́евич Вознесе́нский, – 1 October 1950) was the Soviet economic planner who oversaw the running of Gosplan during the German-Soviet War.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), was a country in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1976, although it did not achieve widespread recognition until 1954.
Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231 was the fatal crash of a Boeing 727 on December 1, 1974 in Harriman State Park near Stony Point, New York, just north of the New York City area.
King Oba Babatundé is an American stage and movie actor.
Office of Civilian Defense was a United States federal emergency war agency set up May 20, 1941, by Executive Order 8757 to co-ordinate state and federal measures for protection of civilians in case of war emergency.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
On December 1, 1958, a fire broke out at Our Lady of the Angels School in Chicago, Illinois, shortly before classes were to be dismissed for the day.
Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria (1 December 19492 December 1993) was a Colombian drug lord and narcoterrorist.
Pamela Denise McGee (born December 1, 1962) is an American retired professional women's basketball player and assistant coach.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Park Hyo-shin (Hangul: 박효신, Hanja: 朴孝信, born December 1, 1981) is a South Korean singer.
Patrick Gerard Spillane (born 1 December 1955), better known as Pat Spillane, is an Irish retired Gaelic footballer and current sports broadcaster.
Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa (1 December 1948 – 15 December 2012) was a Nigerian politician.
Paul Benedict (September 17, 1938 – December 1, 2008) was an American actor who made numerous appearances in television and movies beginning in 1965.
Sir James Paul McCartney (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer.
Dom Pedro I (English: Peter I; 12 October 1798 – 24 September 1834), nicknamed "the Liberator", was the founder and first ruler of the Empire of Brazil.
Pekka Halonen (23 September 1865 in Lapinlahti – 1 December 1933 in Tuusula) was a painter of Finnish landscapes and people in the national romantic style.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
Randolph Peter Best (born Scanland, 24 November 1941) is an English musician, principally known as an original member and the first drummer of the Beatles, from 1960 to 1962.
Peter Baptist Tadamaro Ishigami, O.F.M. Cap.
Peter Frederick Bronfman (October 2, 1929 – December 1, 1996) was a Canadian businessman and entrepreneur, born in Montreal, and member of the Toronto branch of Canada's wealthy Bronfman family.
Peter II, Duke of Bourbon (1 December 1438 – 10 October 1503 in Moulins), was the son of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and Agnes of Burgundy, and a member of the House of Bourbon.
Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke (1 December 16906 March 1764) was an English lawyer and politician who served as Lord Chancellor.
The Philippine Dynasty, also known as the House of Habsburg in Portugal, was the third royal house of Portugal.
Pierre d'Hozier, seigneur de la Garde (July 10, 1592 – December 1, 1660), was a French genealogist.
A planned economy is a type of economic system where investment and the allocation of capital goods take place according to economy-wide economic and production plans.
The Politburo (p, full: Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, abbreviated Политбюро ЦК КПСС, Politbyuro TsK KPSS) was the highest policy-making government authority under the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Pope Saint Leo III (Leo; 12 June 816) was pope from 26 December 795 to his death in 816.
Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521.
The Premier of Manitoba is the first minister for the Canadian province of Manitoba.
The Premier of Tasmania is the head of the executive government in the Australian state of Tasmania.
The President of the Republic of Chile (Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile.
The President of Latvia (Latvijas Valsts prezidents, literally "State President"), is head of state and commander-in-chief of the National Armed Forces of the Republic of Latvia.
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
The Prime Minister of Israel (רֹאשׁ הַמֶּמְשָׁלָה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. Head of the Government, Hebrew acronym: רה״מ; رئيس الحكومة, Ra'īs al-Ḥukūma) is the head of government of Israel and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics.
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld (later Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands; German: Bernhard Friedrich Eberhard Leopold Julius Kurt Carl Gottfried Peter Graf von Biesterfeld; 29 June 1911 – 1 December 2004) was a German-born prince who was the consort of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands; they were the parents of four children, including the former Queen of the Netherlands, Princess Beatrix.
The Public Force of Costa Rica is the country’s law enforcement force, which performs policing and border patrol functions.
This is a list of public holidays in Ghana.
Public holidays in Iceland are established by the act of Parliament (Alþingi). The holidays are currently x, two of which are only holidays after noon (although many workers get the whole day off).
Several public holidays are observed in Myanmar.
Public holidays celebrated in Portugal are a mix of religious (Roman Catholic), town, city, national holidays and holidays of the Autonomous regions of Portugal.
Public holidays in Thailand are regulated by the government, and most are observed by both the public and private sectors.
This is a list of public holidays in the Central African Republic.
Public holidays in Turkmenistan fall into three main categories: (a) holidays commemorating historical events (the defense of the Geok Teppe fortress in 1881, World War II in 1941-45) and landmarks since the declaration of Turkmenistan's independence in 1991 (Independence Day, Neutrality Day, State Flag Day, Day of Revival and Unity); (b) traditional and religious holidays revived since independence (Nowruz Bayram, Kurban Bayram, Oraza Bayram); and (c) new holidays introduced to honor and reinforce cultural traditions of the Turkmen people (harvest, water conservation, folk singers, Turkmen carpets, and the Turkmen racing horse).
George "Punch" Imlach (March 15, 1918 – December 1, 1987), was a Canadian ice hockey coach and general manager best known for his association with the Toronto Maple Leafs and the Buffalo Sabres.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
Raleigh is the capital of the state of North Carolina and the seat of Wake County in the United States.
Saint Ralph Sherwin (25 October 1550 – 1 December 1581) was an English Roman Catholic priest, executed in 1581.
The Ranvir Sena is a militant group functioning as an upper caste landlord militia, mainly based in the state of Bihar in eastern India.
Raymond Arthur "Ray" Gillen (May 12, 1959 – December 1, 1993) was an American rock singer-songwriter.
Raymond Ethan Goldstein (born 1961) FRS FInstP is Schlumberger Professor of Complex Physical Systems in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge.
Reena Pärnat (born 1 December 1993 in Pärnu, Estonia) is an Estonian archer.
The Reform the Armed Forces Movement, also referred to by the acronym RAM, is a cabal of officers of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) that attempted to seize power in the Philippines during the 1980s and 1990s.
Reginald Laverne Sanders (born December 1, 1967) is a former right fielder in Major League Baseball.
Rex Todhunter Stout (December 1, 1886 – October 27, 1975) was an American writer noted for his detective fiction.
Richard Cevantis Carrier (born December 1, 1969) is an American historian, atheist activist, author, public speaker and blogger.
Richard Coughlan (2 September 1947 – 1 December 2013) was an English musician, best known as the drummer and percussionist of the Canterbury scene progressive rock band Caravan.
Keith Thibodeaux (born December 1, 1950) is a former American child actor of television and film and a musician, best known for playing Little Ricky on the television sitcoms I Love Lucy and The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour.
Richard Franklin Lennox Thomas Pryor (December 1, 1940 – December 10, 2005) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, and social critic.
Richard Raymond Majerus (February 17, 1948 – December 1, 2012) was an American college basketball coach.
Riz Ahmed (born 1 December 1982), also known as by his stage name, Riz MC, is a British Pakistani actor, rapper, and activist.
Robert "Rob" Blokzijl (21 October 1943 – 1 December 2015) was a Dutch physicist and computer scientist at the National Institute for Subatomic Physics (NIKHEF), and an early internet pioneer.
Robert Symonds (December 1, 1926 – August 23, 2007) was an American actor.
Rocky Wood (19 October 1959 – 1 December 2014) was an award-winning New Zealand-born Australian writer and researcher best known for his books about horror author Stephen King.
Roelof Frankot (25 October 1911, in Meppel, Drenthe – 1 December 1984, in Heeten near Raalte) was a Dutch painter.
Roger Francis Peterson (born 1 December 1980) is an Aruban-Dutch musician.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Naha (Nahana, カトリック那覇教区) is a Latin suffragan diocese in the Ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archbishop of Nagasaki 長崎, in southern Japan.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Rosa Parks Day is an American holiday in honor of the civil rights leader Rosa Parks.
Ross Edwards (born 1 December 1942) is a former Australian cricketer.
Ross Andrew Hannaford (1 December 1950 – 8 March 2016) was an Australian musician, active in numerous local bands.
Russell George "Russ" Manning (January 5, 1929"United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VMMT-NZN: accessed 28 Aug 2014), Russell Manning, Dec 1981; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing). – December 1, 1981) Accessed November 8, 2008.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Ryan Gregory Malone (born December 1, 1979) is an American professional ice hockey forward currently an unrestricted free agent who most recently played for the Iowa Wild of the American Hockey League (AHL).
Safra A. Catz (Hebrew: צפרא כץ, born December 1, 1961) is an Israeli-born American business executive.
Saint Eligius (also Eloy or Loye) (Éloi) (11 June 588 – 1 December 660) is the patron saint of goldsmiths, other metalworkers, and coin collectors.
Saint Grwst the ConfessorLlanwrst.net: Retrieved on 2008-12-14.
Salvatore Schillaci (born 1 December 1964), commonly referred to by his nickname Totò, is an Italian former footballer, who played as a striker.
Sander L. Nelson (born December 1, 1938) is an American drummer.
Sarah Elizabeth Fitz-Gerald AM (born 1 December 1968) is an Australian women's squash player who won five World Open titles – 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001 and 2002.
Sarah Kate Silverman (born December 1, 1970) is an American stand-up comedian, actress, producer, and writer.
Sarfraz Nawaz Malik (Punjabi, سرفراز نواز ملک) (born 1 December 1948) is a former Pakistani Test cricketer and politician who discovered reverse swing and was instrumental in Pakistan's first Test series victories over India and England.
A Schmidt camera, also referred to as the Schmidt telescope, is a catadioptric astrophotographic telescope designed to provide wide fields of view with limited aberrations.
Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique (born 1 December 1949) is a Chilean politician and businessman.
Seedy Ishmail Njie (born 1 December 1994) is an English footballer who plays as a forward.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
Sergei Mironovich Kirov (born Kostrikov; – 1 December 1934) was a prominent early Bolshevik leader in the Soviet Union.
Sex reassignment surgery or SRS (also known as gender reassignment surgery, gender confirmation surgery, genital reconstruction surgery, gender-affirming surgery, or sex realignment surgery) is the surgical procedure (or procedures) by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender.
Shaw University, founded as the Raleigh Institute, is a private liberal arts institution and historically black university (HBCU) in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.
Shirin M. Rai (born 1 December 1960), is a political scientist, known for her research on the intersections between globalisation, post-colonial governance, processes of democratisation and gender regimes.
Simon Jonathan Dawkins (born 1 December 1987) is a professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder.
Sindhi Cultural Day (سنڌي ثقافتي ڏينھن, سندھی ثقافتی دن) and also known as 'Aekta jo ddihaarro' is widely celebrated with traditional enthusiasm to spotlight the centuries-old rich culture of Sindh.
The Sindhi diaspora consists of Sindhi people who have emigrated from the historical Sind province of British India, as well as the modern Sindh province of Pakistan, to other countries and regions of the world, as well as their descendants.
Slave ships were large cargo ships specially converted for the purpose of transporting slaves.
The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3 & 4 Will. IV c. 73) abolished slavery throughout the British Empire.
Sophia Skou (born December 1, 1975 in Copenhagen) is a former butterfly swimmer from Denmark, who twice competed in the Summer Olympics for her native country: in 1996 and 2000.
Sophie Guillemin (born 1 December 1977) is a French actress.
Sophie or Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1 December 1561 at Hessen Castle – 30 January 1631 in Loitz) was a princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by birth and by marriage a Duchess of Pomerania-Wolgast.
Sotelúm (Shlúm «Lúm» Sotelo שלוּם; born December 1, 1989 in Tijuana) is a mod independent music artist, listed by UABC Radio and other local press media as a very elemental post-nortec visionary in the Mexican avant garde of electronic music.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stansfield Turner (December 1, 1923 – January 18, 2018) was an admiral in the United States Navy who served as President of the Naval War College from 1972–74, commander of the United States Second Fleet from 1974 to 1975, and was Director of Central Intelligence from 1977–81 under the Carter administration.
The State of the Union Address is an annual message presented by the President of the United States to a joint session of the United States Congress, except in the first year of a new president's term.
Stéphane Grappelli (26 January 1908 – 1 December 1997) was a French jazz violinist who founded the Quintette du Hot Club de France with guitarist Django Reinhardt in 1934.
Stephanie Brown Trafton (born December 1, 1979) is an American track and field athlete who won the discus throwing gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.
Stephen Poliakoff, CBE, FRSL (born 1 December 1952) is a British playwright, director and scriptwriter.
Stephen Thadius "Steve" Crompton Gibb (born 1 December 1973) is an English-American musician and the first-born son of Sir Barry Gibb and Linda Gibb.
Stirling Auchincloss Colgate (November 14, 1925 – December 1, 2013) was an American physicist at Los Alamos National Laboratory and a professor emeritus of physics, past president at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (New Mexico Tech) from 1965–1974, and an heir to the Colgate toothpaste family fortune.
Stuart Sinclair Garson, (December 1, 1898 – May 5, 1977) was a Canadian politician and lawyer.
Sun Yang (born 1 December 1991) is a Chinese Olympic and world-record-holding competitive swimmer.
Sylvie Daigle (born December 1, 1962) is a Canadian speed skater.
Tabarie Joil Henry (born 1 December 1987, in Saint Thomas) is a United States Virgin Islands sprinter who specializes in the 400 metres.
Tadeáš Hájek z Hájku (1 December 1525 in Prague – 1 September 1600 in Prague), also known as Tadeáš Hájek of Hájek, Thaddaeus Hagecius ab Hayek or Thaddeus Nemicus, was a Czech naturalist, personal physician of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II and an astronomer in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Tahar Ben Jelloun (الطاهر بن جلون; born in Fes, French protectorate in Morocco, 1 December 1944) is a Moroccan writer.
, of Kai Province, was a pre-eminent daimyō in feudal Japan with exceptional military prestige in the late stage of the Sengoku period.
Tasso Wild (born 1 December 1940) is a former German football midfielder who played for 1. FC Nürnberg and Hertha BSC.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thietmar (also Dietmar or Dithmar; 25 July 975 – 1 December 1018), Prince-Bishop of Merseburg from 1009 until his death, was an important chronicler recording the reigns of German kings and Holy Roman Emperors of the Ottonian (Saxon) dynasty.
Thomas T. Hayward (born Thomas Albert Tibbett; December 1, 1917, Kansas City, Missouri – died February 2, 1995, Las Vegas, Nevada was an American operatic tenor. He was a cousin of opera singer Lawrence Tibbett.
Thomas Schie (born 1 December 1975 in Oslo) is a former racing and rally driver.
Tisha Felice Waller, (born December 1, 1970 in South Boston, Virginia) is an American athlete competing in the high jump, who participated in the 1996 Summer Olympics and 2004 Summer Olympics.
Tomasz "Tomek" Adamek (born 1 December 1976) is a Polish professional boxer.
Tomáš Tatar (born 1 December 1990) is a Slovak professional ice hockey left winger for the Vegas Golden Knights of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Transylvania is a historical region in today's central Romania.
Richard Treat Williams (born December 1, 1951) is an American actor and children's book author who has appeared on film, stage and television.
Trevor Obst (21 June 1940 – 1 December 2015) was an Australian rules footballer who played with Port Adelaide in the South Australian National Football League (SANFL) during the 1960s and 1970s.
Tromøya or Tromøy (historic: Tromø) is the largest island in Southern Norway.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Turkmenistan (or; Türkmenistan), (formerly known as Turkmenia) is a sovereign state in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.
Trans World Airlines Flight 514, registration N54328, was a Boeing 727-231 en route from Indianapolis, Indiana, and Columbus, Ohio, to Washington Dulles International that crashed into Mount Weather, Virginia, on Sunday, 1974.
The Twelfth Amendment (Amendment XII) to the United States Constitution provides the procedure for electing the President and Vice President.
Tyler Robert Joseph (born December 1, 1988) is an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and rapper.
Udit Narayan Jha, credited as Udit Narayan (born 1 December 1955), is a playback singer of Nepalese descent whose songs have been featured mainly in Nepali and Bollywood movies.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
A referendum on the Act of Declaration of Independence was held in Ukraine on 1 December 1991.
The Union of Transylvania with Romania was declared on by the assembly of the delegates of ethnic Romanians held in Alba Iulia.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States presidential election of 1824 was the tenth quadrennial presidential election, held from Tuesday, October 26, to Thursday, December 2, 1824.
Ursicinus of Brescia was an Italian saint, and bishop of Brescia in Lombardy.
Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (born 1 December 1937) is a Latvian politician who served as the sixth President of Latvia and the first female President of Latvia.
James Gabriel Keogh (born 1 December 1987), better known by his stage name Vance Joy, is an Australian singer and songwriter.
Evangelos "Vangelis" Sklavos (alternate spelling: Vaggelis) (Greek: Ευάγγελος "Βαγγέλης" Σκλάβος; born December 1, 1977) is a Greek former professional basketball player.
Veikko Aaltonen (born 1 December 1955 in Sääksmäki, Finland) is a Finnish director, editor, sound editor, production manager and film and television writer and actor.
Verónica Forqué Vázquez-Vigo (born 1 December 1955) is a Spanish actress of stage, film and television who comes from an artistic and theatrical family.
Vernon McGarity (December 1, 1921 – May 21, 2013) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the Battle of the Bulge in World War II.
Mary Vesta Williams (December 1, 1957 – September 22, 2011) was an American singer–songwriter, who performed across genres such as pop, jazz, adult contemporary and R&B.
The Vice-President of the People's Republic of China (abbreviated Guójiā Fùzhǔxí 国家副主席, literally "State Vice-Chairperson"), formerly translated as Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1975, is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Violette Verdy (born Nelly Armande Guillerm; 1 December 1933 – 8 February 2016) was a French ballerina, choreographer, teacher, and writer who worked as a dance company director with the Paris Opera Ballet in France and the Boston Ballet in the United States.
Virginie (Marie) Loveling (17 May 1836 – 1 December 1923) was a Flemish author of poetry, novels, essays and children's stories.
Vsevolod Mikhailovich Bobrov (p; 1 December 1922 – 1 July 1979) was a Soviet athlete, who excelled in football, bandy and ice hockey.
Walter James Lewis AM (born 1 December 1959) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer and coach of the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s.
Walter Emmons Alston (December 1, 1911 – October 1, 1984), nicknamed "Smokey", was an American baseball player and manager in Major League Baseball He is best known for managing the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers from 1954 through 1976, and signed 23 one-year contracts with the He had a calm, reticent demeanor, for which he was sometimes also known as "The Quiet Man." Alston grew up in rural Ohio and lettered in baseball and basketball at Miami University in Oxford.
Wan Li (1 December 1916 – 15 July 2015) was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and politician.
Washington Dulles International Airport is an international airport in the eastern United States, located in Loudoun and Fairfax counties in Virginia, west of downtown Opened in 1962, it is named after John Foster Dulles the 52nd Secretary of State who served under President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
William Swainson (25 April 1809 – 1 December 1884) became the second, and last, Attorney-General of the Crown colony of New Zealand and instrumental in setting up the legal system of New Zealand.
Heywood Allen (born Allan Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is an American director, writer, actor, comedian, and musician whose career spans more than six decades.
World AIDS Day, designated on 1 December every year since 1988, is an international day dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection and mourning those who have died of the disease.
The original World Trade Center was a large complex of seven buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zhu De ((also Chu Teh; 1 December 1886 – 6 July 1976) was a Chinese general, warlord, politician, revolutionary and one of the pioneers of the Communist Party of China. Born poor in 1886 in Sichuan, he was adopted by a wealthy uncle at age nine; this prosperity provided him a superior early education that led to his admission into a military academy. After his time at the academy, he joined a rebel army and soon became a warlord. It was after this period that he adopted communism. He ascended through the ranks of the Chinese Red Army as it closed in on securing the nation. By the time China was under Mao's control, Zhu was a high-ranking official within the Communist Party of China. He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Eighth Route Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In 1955 he became one of the Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army, of which he is regarded as the principal founder. Zhu remained a prominent political figure until his death in 1976. As the chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress from 1975-76, Zhu was the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
Zoë Isabella Kravitz (born December 1, 1988) is an American actress, singer, and model.
Year 1018 (MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1081 (MLXXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1083 (MLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1135 (MCXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1241 (MCCXLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1335 (MCCCXXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1374 (MCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1415 (MCDXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1420 (MCDXX) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1433 (MCDXXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1438 (MCDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1443 (MCDXLIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1455 (MCDLV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1488 (MCDLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1521 (MDXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1525 (MDXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1530 (MDXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1577 (MDLXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
Year 1581 (MDLXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
Various sources, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use the year 1750 as a baseline year for the end of the pre-industrial era.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 18), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until 1899.
After thirteen years the First French Empire abolished the French Republican Calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar.
This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The most serious coup d'etat against the government of Philippine President Corazon Aquino was staged beginning December 1, 1989, by members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines belonging to the Reform the Armed Forces Movement (RAM) and soldiers loyal to former President Ferdinand Marcos.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
Year 660 (DCLX) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 800 (DCCC) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 948 (CMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 969 (CMLXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 9th Dalai Lama (religious name: Lungtok Gyatso, shortened from Lobzang Tenpai Wangchuk Lungtok Gyatso; 1 December 18056 March 1815), also spelled Lungtog Gyatso and Luntok Gyatso, was the 9th Dalai Lama of Tibet.