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December 9

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736 relations: A Charlie Brown Christmas, Adriaan Metius, African Americans, Aiko Uemura, Aktion T4, Al-Biruni, Al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah, Alain Poher, Albert Weisbord, Alex Moulton, Alexandros Papagos, Ali İhsan Sâbis, Allan Jones (cricketer), Almeida Garrett, Aloísio da Silva Filho, American Civil War, American Revolutionary War, André Milhoux, André Randall, Anthony van Dyck, Antigua and Barbuda, Antoine Étienne de Tousard, Antonio José de Sucre, Archie Moore, Arizona, Artem Mikoyan, Ashleigh Brilliant, Athens, Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, Australia, Ángel Guirado, Émile Waldteufel, Íñigo López de Mendoza, 4th Duke of the Infantado, Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores, Ödön von Horváth, Baldassare Ferri, Barack Obama, Barbara Hesse-Bukowska, Barcode, Bastian Swillims, Battle of Ayacucho, Battle of Great Bridge, Battle of Jerusalem, Battle of Marj Ardabil, Battle of Nanking, Battle of Reading (1688), Bárbara Padilla, Béla Nagy Abodi, Beau Bridges, Begum Rokeya, ..., Belisarius, Berenice Abbott, Bernard Zweers, Berton Churchill, Bill Hartack, Billy Bremner, Billy Edd Wheeler, Birds Eye, Bixente Lizarazu, Black September, Blagoje Paunović, Bob Hawke, Bob O'Connor (mayor), Bohemond I (archbishop of Trier), Branch Rickey, Brent Price, Brian Bell, Briceville, Tennessee, Broderick Crawford, Bruno Ruffo, Buck Henry, Bushehr, Calendar of saints, Canadair North Star, Canibus, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Caroline Lucas, CBS, Central Intelligence Agency, Chamras Saewataporn, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charles Rosen, Charles-Léon Hammes, Chenghua Emperor, Choi Min-ho (entertainer), Chris Booker (baseball), Christmas Eve, Clancy Eccles, Clarence Birdseye, Claude Louis Berthollet, COBOL, Cold War, Colin McCool, Commonwealth of the Philippines, Communism, Communist League of Struggle, Computer mouse, Conchita Supervía, Constituent Assembly of India, Constituent Cortes, Constitution of India, Cornelis de Bondt, Coronation Street, Council of Ireland, Cross Mountain Mine disaster, Cuba, Dalmatia, Dalton Trumbo, Dan Hicks (singer), Daniel O. 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A Charlie Brown Christmas

A Charlie Brown Christmas is a 1965 animated television special based on the comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schulz.

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Adriaan Metius

Adriaan Adriaanszoon, called Metius, (9 December 1571 – 6 September 1635), was a Dutch geometer and astronomer born in Alkmaar.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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Aiko Uemura

is a Japanese freestyle skier.

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Aktion T4

Aktion T4 (German) was a postwar name for mass murder through involuntary euthanasia in Nazi Germany.

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Al-Biruni

Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Chorasmian/ابوریحان بیرونی Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; New Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī) (973–1050), known as Al-Biruni (البيروني) in English, was an IranianD.J. Boilot, "Al-Biruni (Beruni), Abu'l Rayhan Muhammad b. Ahmad", in Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden), New Ed., vol.1:1236–1238.

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Al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah

Abu ʿUqba al-Jarrah ibn ʿAbdallah al-Hakami (أبو عقبة الجراح بن عبد الله الحكمي) was an Arab nobleman and general of the Hakami tribe.

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Alain Poher

Alain Émile Louis Marie Poher (17 April 1909 – 9 December 1996) was a French centrist politician, affiliated first with the Popular Republican Movement and later with the Democratic Centre.

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Albert Weisbord

Albert Weisbord (1900–1977) was an American political activist and union organizer.

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Alex Moulton

Alexander Eric ("Alex") Moulton CBE, FREng (9 April 1920 – 9 December 2012) was an English engineer and inventor, specialising in suspension design.

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Alexandros Papagos

Alexandros Papagos (Αλέξανδρος Παπάγος; 9 December 1883 – 4 October 1955) was a Greek Army officer who led the Hellenic Army in World War II and the later stages of the Greek Civil War.

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Ali İhsan Sâbis

Ali İhsan Sâbis (1882 – 9 December 1957) was the commander for the Sixth Army of the Ottoman Empire.

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Allan Jones (cricketer)

Allan Arthur Jones (born 9 December 1947 in Horley, Surrey) is an English cricket umpire and a retired cricketer.

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Almeida Garrett

João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, Viscount of Almeida Garrett (4 February 1799 – 9 December 1854) was a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist and politician.

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Aloísio da Silva Filho

Aloísio full name Aloísio da Silva Filho (born 9 December 1974), is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Potiguar de Mossoró.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.

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André Milhoux

André Milhoux (born 9 December 1928) is a former racing driver from Belgium.

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André Randall

André Randall (9 December 1892 – 4 July 1974) was a French screen actor.

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Anthony van Dyck

Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.

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Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

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Antoine Étienne de Tousard

Antoine Étienne de Tousard (9 December 1752 – 15 September 1813) was a French general and military engineer during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.

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Antonio José de Sucre

Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá (1795–1830), known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" ("Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"), was a Venezuelan independence leader who served as the fourth President of Peru and the second President of Bolivia.

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Archie Moore

Archie Moore (born Archibald Lee Wright; December 13, 1916 – December 9, 1998) was an American professional boxer and the longest reigning World Light Heavyweight Champion of all time (December 1952 – May 1962).

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Arizona

Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.

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Artem Mikoyan

Artem (Artyom) Ivanovich Mikoyan (Артём Ива́нович Микоя́н; translit; – 9 December 1970) was a Soviet Armenian aircraft designer.

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Ashleigh Brilliant

Ashleigh Ellwood Brilliant (born 9 December 1933) is an author and syndicated cartoonist born in London, UK, and living in Santa Barbara, California.

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Athens

Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Augustus Quirinus Rivinus

Augustus Quirinus Rivinus (9 December 1652 – 20 December 1723), also known as August Bachmann or A. Q. Bachmann, was a German physician and botanist who helped to develop better ways of classifying plants.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Ángel Guirado

Ángel Guirado Aldeguer (born 9 December 1984) is a Filipino professional footballer who plays for Malaysian club Negeri Sembilan as a right winger or a striker.

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Émile Waldteufel

Émile Waldteufel (born Charles Émile Lévy, 9 December 183712 February 1915) was a French pianist, conductor and composer of dance and concert music.

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Íñigo López de Mendoza, 4th Duke of the Infantado

Iñigo Lopez de Mendoza y Pimentel, 4th Duke of the Infantado, (IV Duque del Infantado, 9 December 1493 – 17 September 1566), was a Spanish nobleman.

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Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores

Brigadier General Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores (9 December 1930 – 1 February 2016) was the 27th President of Guatemala from 8 August 1983 to 14 January 1986.

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Ödön von Horváth

Edmund Josef von Horváth (9 December 1901 Sušak, Rijeka, then in Austria–Hungary, now in Croatia – 1 June 1938 Paris) was a German-writing Austro-Hungarian-born playwright and novelist.

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Baldassare Ferri

Baldassare Ferri (December 9, 1610 – September 10, 1680) was an Italian castrato singer.

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Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.

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Barbara Hesse-Bukowska

Barbara Hesse-Bukowska (8 February 1930 in Łódź – 9 December 2013) was a Polish pianist.

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Barcode

A barcode (also bar code) is an optical, machine-readable, representation of data; the data usually describes something about the object that carries the barcode.

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Bastian Swillims

Bastian Swillims (born 9 December 1982 in Dortmund) is a German sprinter who specialises in the 400 metres.

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Battle of Ayacucho

The Battle of Ayacucho (Batalla de Ayacucho) was a decisive military encounter during the Peruvian War of Independence. It was the battle that secured the independence of Peru and ensured independence for the rest of South America. In Peru it is considered the end of the Spanish American wars of independence, although the campaign of the victor Antonio José de Sucre, continued through 1825 in Upper Peru and the siege of the fortresses Chiloé and Callao finally ended in 1826. As of late 1824, Royalists still had control of most of the south of Peru as well as of Real Felipe Fort in the port of Callao. On 9 December 1824, the Battle of Ayacucho (Battle of La Quinua) took place at Pampa de Ayacucho (or Quinua), a few kilometers away from Ayacucho, near the town of Quinua between Royalist and Independentist forces. Independentist forces were led by Simón Bolívar's lieutenant Sucre. Viceroy José de la Serna was wounded, and after the battle second commander-in-chief José de Canterac signed the final capitulation of the Royalist army. The modern Peruvian Army celebrates the anniversary of this battle.

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Battle of Great Bridge

The Battle of Great Bridge was fought December 9, 1775, in the area of Great Bridge, Virginia, early in the American Revolutionary War.

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Battle of Jerusalem

The Battle of Jerusalem occurred during the British Empire's "Jerusalem Operations" against the Ottoman Empire, when fighting for the city developed from 17 November, continuing after the surrender until 30 December 1917, to secure the final objective of the Southern Palestine Offensive during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. Before Jerusalem could be secured, two battles were recognised by the British as being fought in the Judean Hills to the north and east of the Hebron–Junction Station line.

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Battle of Marj Ardabil

The Battle of Marj Ardabil or the Battle of Ardabil was a battle fought on the plains surrounding the city of Ardabil in northwestern Iran in 730.

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Battle of Nanking

The Battle of Nanking (or Nanjing) was fought in early December 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War between the Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army for control of Nanking (Nanjing), the capital of the Republic of China.

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Battle of Reading (1688)

The Battle of Reading took place on 9 December 1688 in Reading, Berkshire.

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Bárbara Padilla

Bárbara Padilla (born December 9, 1980) is a Mexican-American operatic soprano.

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Béla Nagy Abodi

Béla Nagy Abodi (Hungarian: Abodi Nagy Béla; 13 July 1918 – 9 December 2012) was Hungarian painter, and professor of the Academy of Fine Arts in Cluj-Napoca.

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Beau Bridges

Lloyd Vernet "Beau" Bridges III (born December 9, 1941) is an American actor and director.

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Begum Rokeya

Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (বেগম রোকেয়া সাখাওয়াত হোসেন; 9 December 1880 – 9 December 1932), commonly known as Begum Rokeya, was a Bengali writer, thinker, educationist, social activist, advocate of women's rights, and widely regarded as the pioneer of women's education in the Indian subcontinent during the time of the British rule.

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Belisarius

Flavius Belisarius (Φλάβιος Βελισάριος, c. 505 – 565) was a general of the Byzantine Empire.

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Berenice Abbott

Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991), née Bernice Alice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her portraits of between-the-wars 20th-century cultural figures, New York City photographs of architecture and urban design of the 1930s, and science interpretation in the 1940s–1960s.

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Bernard Zweers

Bernard Zweers (born Bernardus Josephus Wilhelmus Zweers) (18 May 1854 in Amsterdam – 9 December 1924 in Amsterdam) was a Dutch composer and music teacher.

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Berton Churchill

Berton Churchill (December 9, 1876 – October 10, 1940) was a Canadian stage and film actor.

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Bill Hartack

William John Hartack Jr. (December 9, 1932 – November 26, 2007), born in Colver, Pennsylvania, was a Hall of Fame jockey.

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Billy Bremner

William John Bremner (9 December 1942 – 7 December 1997) was a Scottish professional footballer and manager known for his strength, skills and compact constitution.

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Billy Edd Wheeler

Billy Edward "Edd" Wheeler (born December 9, 1932, Boone County, West Virginia) is an American songwriter, performer, writer, and visual artist.

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Birds Eye

Birds Eye is an American international brand of frozen foods owned by Pinnacle Foods, headquartered in Parsippany, New Jersey, USA and by Nomad Foods in Europe.

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Bixente Lizarazu

Bixente Lizarazu, initially registered as Vincent Lizarazu, (born 9 December 1969) is a retired Basque-French footballer who played for Bordeaux and Bayern Munich, among other teams, as a left-back.

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Black September

Black September (أيلول الأسود; Aylūl Al-Aswad) was the conflict fought in Jordan between the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF), under the leadership of King Hussein, and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), under the leadership of Yasser Arafat, primarily between 16 and 27 September 1970, with certain actions continuing until 17 July 1971.

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Blagoje Paunović

Blagoje Paunović (Serbian Cyrillic: Благоје Пауновић; 4 June 1947 – 9 December 2014) was a Serbian football defender and manager.

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Bob Hawke

Robert James Lee Hawke, (born 9 December 1929) is a former Australian politician who was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1983 to 1991.

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Bob O'Connor (mayor)

Robert E. O'Connor Jr. (December 9, 1944 – September 1, 2006) was an American politician who was the Mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from January 3, 2006, until his death.

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Bohemond I (archbishop of Trier)

Bohemond of Warnesberg (died 9 December 1299) was the Archbishop of Trier (as Bohemond I) and a Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 1286 to his death.

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Branch Rickey

Wesley Branch Rickey (December 20, 1881 – December 9, 1965) was an American baseball player and sports executive.

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Brent Price

Hartley Brent Price (born December 9, 1968) is an American retired professional basketball player who played for four teams in the National Basketball Association (NBA).

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Brian Bell

Brian Lane Bell (born December 9, 1968) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter.

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Briceville, Tennessee

Briceville is an unincorporated community in Anderson County, Tennessee.

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Broderick Crawford

William Broderick Crawford (December 9, 1911 – April 26, 1986) was an American stage, film, radio, and TV actor, often cast in tough-guy roles and best known for his portrayal of Willie Stark in All the King's Men and for his starring role as Chief Dan Mathews in the television series Highway Patrol (1955–1959).

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Bruno Ruffo

Bruno Ruffo (9 December 1920 – 10 February 2007) was an Italian Grand Prix motorcycle road racer born in Verona.

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Buck Henry

Henry Zuckerman, credited as Buck Henry (born December 9, 1930), is an American actor, writer, film director, and television director.

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Bushehr

Bushehr, or Bushire (بوشهر; also Romanised as Būshehr, Bouchehr, Buschir and Busehr; also Bandar Bushehr (بندر بوشهر), also Romanised as Bandar Būshehr and Bandar-e Būshehr; previously known as Beh Ardasher, Antiochia in Persis (Greek: Αντιόχεια της Περσίδος) and Bukht Ardashir), is the capital city of Bushehr Province, Iran.

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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Canadair North Star

The Canadair North Star is a 1940s Canadian development, for Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA), of the Douglas DC-4.

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Canibus

Germaine Williams (born December 9, 1974), better known by his stage name Canibus, is a Jamaican born-American rapper and actor.

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Carlo Azeglio Ciampi

Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (9 December 1920 – 16 September 2016) was an Italian politician and banker.

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Caroline Lucas

Caroline Patricia Lucas (born 9 December 1960) is a British politician, and since 2 September 2016, Co-Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, with Jonathan Bartley.

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CBS

CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Chamras Saewataporn

Chamras Saewataporn (born in Bangkok, Thailand on December 9, 1955), is an accomplished Thai musician and composer who first turned professional at the age of 18.

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Chancellor of the Exchequer

The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.

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Charles Rosen

Charles Welles Rosen (May 5, 1927December 9, 2012) was an American pianist and writer on music.

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Charles-Léon Hammes

Charles Léon Hammes (21 May 1898 – 9 December 1967) was a Luxembourgish lawyer, judge and the third president of the European Court of Justice.

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Chenghua Emperor

The Chenghua Emperor (9 December 1447 – 9 September 1487), born Zhu Jianshen, was the ninth Emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, between 1464 and 1487.

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Choi Min-ho (entertainer)

Choi Min-ho (born), better known by the mononym Minho, is a South Korean singer, rapper and actor.

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Chris Booker (baseball)

Christopher Scott Booker (born December 9, 1976) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Clancy Eccles

Clancy Eccles (9 December 1940 in Dean Pen, St. Mary, Jamaica – 30 June 2005 in Spanish Town, Jamaica)Katz was a Jamaican ska and reggae singer, songwriter, arranger, promoter, record producer and talent scout.

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Clarence Birdseye

Clarence Frank Birdseye II (December 9, 1886 – October 7, 1956) was an American inventor, entrepreneur, and naturalist, and is considered to be the founder of the modern frozen food industry.

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Claude Louis Berthollet

Claude Louis Berthollet (9 December 1748 in Talloires, France – 6 November 1822 in Arcueil, France) was a Savoyard-French chemist who became vice president of the French Senate in 1804.

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COBOL

COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Colin McCool

Colin Leslie McCool (9 December 1916 – 5 April 1986) was an Australian cricketer who played in 14 Tests from 1946 to 1950.

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Commonwealth of the Philippines

The Commonwealth of the Philippines (Commonwealth de Filipinas; Komonwelt ng Pilipinas) was the administrative body that governed the Philippines from 1935 to 1946, aside from a period of exile in the Second World War from 1942 to 1945 when Japan occupied the country.

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Communism

In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

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Communist League of Struggle

The Communist League of Struggle (CLS) was a small communist organization active in the United States during the 1930s.

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Computer mouse

A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.

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Conchita Supervía

Conchita Supervía (8–9 December 1895Steane (2003) – 30 March 1936) was a highly popular Spanish mezzo-soprano singer who appeared in opera in Europe and America and also gave recitals.

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Constituent Assembly of India

An idea for a Constituent Assembly of India was proposed in 1934 by M. N. Roy, a pioneer of the Communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democracy.

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Constituent Cortes

The Constituent Cortes (Las Cortes Constituyentes) is the description of Spain's parliament, the Cortes, when convened as a constituent assembly.

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Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.

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Cornelis de Bondt

Cornelis de Bondt (born 9 December 1953) is a Dutch composer.

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Coronation Street

Coronation Street (also informally referred to as Corrie) is a British soap opera created by Granada Television and shown on ITV since 9 December 1960.

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Council of Ireland

The Council of Ireland was a statutory body established under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 as an all-Ireland law-making authority with limited jurisdiction, initially over both Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland, and later solely over Northern Ireland.

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Cross Mountain Mine disaster

The Cross Mountain Mine disaster was a coal mine explosion that occurred on December 9, 1911 near the community of Briceville, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States.

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Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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Dalmatia

Dalmatia (Dalmacija; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria.

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Dalton Trumbo

James Dalton Trumbo (December 9, 1905 – September 10, 1976) was an American screenwriter and novelist who scripted many award-winning films including Roman Holiday, Exodus, Spartacus, and Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo.

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Dan Hicks (singer)

Daniel Ivan Hicks (December 9, 1941 – February 6, 2016) was an American singer-songwriter known for an idiosyncratic style that combined elements of cowboy folk, jazz, country, swing, bluegrass, pop, and gypsy music.

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Daniel O. Fagunwa

Chief Daniel Olorunfẹmi Fagunwa MBE (1903 – 9 December 1963), popularly known as D. O. Fagunwa, was a Nigerian author who pioneered the Yoruba-language novel.

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Danny Blanchflower

Robert Dennis "Danny" Blanchflower (10 February 1926 – 9 December 1993) was a former Northern Ireland international footballer and football manager, and journalist who captained Tottenham Hotspur during its double-winning season of 1960–61.

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Dariusz Dudka

Dariusz Dudka (born 9 December 1983) is a Polish footballer who plays for Lech Poznań.

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Dave Harold

David "Dave" Harold (born 9 December 1966) is an English former professional snooker player from Stoke-on-Trent.

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Dave Hilton Jr.

Dave "Davey" Hilton Jr. (born December 9, 1963) is a Canadian former boxing world champion.

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David Anthony Higgins

David Anthony Higgins (born December 9, 1961) is an American actor.

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David Currie, Baron Currie of Marylebone

David Anthony Currie, Baron Currie of Marylebone (born 9 December 1946) is a British economist specialising in regulation, and a cross-bench member of the House of Lords.

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David Houston (singer)

Charles David Houston (December 9, 1935 – November 30, 1993) was an American country music singer.

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David Nathan (journalist)

David Nathan (9 December 1926 – 21 April 2001) was a British journalist.

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Deacon Jones

David D. "Deacon" Jones (December 9, 1938 – June 3, 2013) was an American football defensive end in the National Football League (NFL) for the Los Angeles Rams, San Diego Chargers, and the Washington Redskins.

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December 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

December 8 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - December 10 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on December 22 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.

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December 9th Movement

The December 9th Movement was a mass protest led by students in Beiping (present-day Beijing) on December 9, 1935 to demand that the Chinese government actively resist Japanese aggression.

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Denise Hannema

Denise Hannema (born 9 December 1990 in Amsterdam) is a Dutch international cricketer who debuted for the Dutch national side in 2008, and was appointed its captain in 2015.

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Dennis Dunaway

Dennis Dunaway (born December 9, 1946 in Cottage Grove, Oregon) is an American musician, best known as the original bass guitarist for Alice Cooper (1962–1975, 1999, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2017).

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Diana Morgan (screenwriter)

Mary Diana Morgan (born 29 May 1908, Cardiff, Wales – d. 9 December 1996 in Northwood, Middlesex, England) was a Welsh playwright and screenwriter, mostly associated with her work for Ealing Studios as Diana Morgan.

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Diāna Ņikitina

Diāna Ņikitina (Диана Никитина; born 9 December 2000) is a Latvian figure skater.

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Dick Butkus

Richard Marvin Butkus (born December 9, 1942) is a former American football player, sports commentator, and actor.

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Dick Van Patten

Richard Vincent Van Patten (December 9, 1928 – June 23, 2015) was an American actor, businessman, and animal welfare advocate, whose career spans seven decades of television.

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Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Dimitrios Trichopoulos (Δημήτριος Τριχόπουλος; December 9, 1938 – December 1, 2014), was a Mediterranean Diet expert and tobacco harms researcher.

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Diva Futura

Diva Futura (Italian for "Future Diva", i.e. "Future Star") is an Italian pornography and erotica film studio.

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Dmitry Merezhkovsky

Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky (p; – December 9, 1941) was a Russian novelist, poet, religious thinker, and literary critic.

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Dobroslav Paraga

Dobroslav Paraga (9 December 1960) is a Croatian right-wing politician.

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Doctors' trial

The Doctors' trial (officially United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al.) was the second of 12 trials for war crimes of German doctors that the United States authorities held in their occupation zone in Nuremberg, Germany, after the end of World War II.

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Dolores Ibárruri

Isidora Dolores Ibárruri Gómez (9 December 189512 November 1989) – known as "La Pasionaria" (English: "the Passionflower") – was a Spanish Republican heroine of the Spanish Civil War and communist politician of Basque origin, known for her famous slogan ¡No Pasarán! ("They shall not pass") during the Battle for Madrid in November 1936.

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Donald Byrd

Donaldson Toussaint L'Ouverture Byrd II (December 9, 1932 – February 4, 2013) was an American jazz and rhythm & blues trumpeter.

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Donny Osmond

Donald Clark Osmond (born December 9, 1957) is an American singer, actor, comedian, radio personality, and former teen idol.

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Douglas Corrigan

Douglas Corrigan (January 22, 1907 – December 9, 1995) was an American aviator born in Galveston, Texas.

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Douglas Engelbart

Douglas Carl Engelbart (January 30, 1925 – July 2, 2013) was an American engineer and inventor, and an early computer and Internet pioneer.

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Douglas Fairbanks Jr.

Douglas Elton Fairbanks Jr., KBE, DSC (December 9, 1909 – May 7, 2000) was an American actor and a decorated naval officer of World War II.

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Dov Shilansky

Dov Shilansky (דב שילנסקי, 21 March 1924 – 9 December 2010) was an Israeli politician and Speaker of the Knesset from 1988 to 1992.

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Downtown Athletic Club

The Downtown Club, formerly known as the Downtown Athletic Club, was a private social and athletic club in a 45-story building located at 20 West Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City, United States.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Edith Sitwell

Dame Edith Louisa Sitwell DBE (7 September 1887 – 9 December 1964) was a British poet and critic and the eldest of the three literary Sitwells.

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Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor.

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Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon

Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (18 February 16099 December 1674) was an English statesman who served as Lord Chancellor to King Charles II from 1658, two years before the Restoration of the Monarchy, until 1667.

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Edwin Sandys (died 1629)

Sir Edwin Sandys (9 December 1561 – October 1629) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1589 and 1626.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Eleanor Parker

Eleanor Jean Parker (June 26, 1922 – December 9, 2013) was an American actress who appeared in some 80 movies and television series.

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Elisabeth Schwarzkopf

Dame Olga Maria Elisabeth Friederike Schwarzkopf, (9 December 19153 August 2006) was a German-born Austro-British soprano.

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Elmer Booth

William Elmer Booth (December 9, 1882 – June 16, 1915) was an American actor.

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Eloise Jarvis McGraw

Eloise Jarvis McGraw (December 9, 1915 – November 30, 2000) was an American author of children's books and young adult novels.

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Emma Abbott

Emma Abbott (December 9, 1850 – January 5, 1891) was an American operatic soprano and impresario known for her pure, clear voice of great flexibility and volume.

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Emmett Kelly

Emmett Leo Kelly (December 9, 1898March 28, 1979) was an American circus performer, who created the memorable clown figure "Weary Willie", based on the hobos of the Depression era.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Enoch L. Johnson

Enoch Lewis "Nucky" Johnson (January 20, 1883 – December 9, 1968) was an Atlantic City, New Jersey political boss, Sheriff of Atlantic County, New Jersey, businessman, and racketeer.

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Executive of the 1974 Northern Ireland Assembly

A power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive was formed following the Northern Ireland Assembly elections of 1973.

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Fabian Birkowski

Fabian Birkowski (1566 in Lwów – 9 December 1636 in Kraków, Poland) was a Polish writer and preacher.

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Fabio Artico

Fabio Artico (born 9 December 1973 in Venaria Reale, Piedmont) is a retired Italian footballer.

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Fabrice Santoro

Fabrice Vetea Santoro (born 9 December 1972) is a retired French professional male tennis player from Tahiti.

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Felicity Huffman

Felicity Kendall Huffman (born December 9, 1962) is an American film, stage, and television actress.

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Feminism

Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.

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Ferdinand Brunetière

Ferdinand Brunetière (19 July 1849 – 9 December 1906) was a French writer and critic.

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Feroz Khan Noon

Sir Malik Feroz Khan Noon (ملک فیروز خان نون; 7 May 1893 – 9 December 1970),, best known as Feroze Khan, was the seventh Prime Minister of Pakistan, appointed in this capacity on 16 December 1957 until being removed when President Iskandar Ali Mirza imposed martial law on 8 October 1958.

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Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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First Intifada

The First Intifada or First Palestinian Intifada (also known simply as the intifada or intifadah) was a Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza.

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Frances Reid

Frances Reid (December 9, 1914 – February 3, 2010) was an American dramatic actress.

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Freddy Martin

Frederick Alfred (Freddy) Martin (December 9, 1906 – September 30, 1983) was an American bandleader and tenor saxophonist.

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Frederick II, Elector Palatine

Frederick II, Count Palatine of the Rhine (9 December 1482 – 26 February 1556), also Frederick the Wise, a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty, was Prince-elector of the Palatinate from 1544 to 1556.

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Fritz Haber

Fritz Haber (9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas.

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Fulton J. Sheen

Venerable Fulton John Sheen (born Peter John Sheen, May 8, 1895 – December 9, 1979) was an American bishop (later archbishop) of the Catholic Church known for his preaching and especially his work on television and radio.

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Gabriel Narutowicz

Gabriel Narutowicz (17 March 1865 – 16 December 1922) was a Polish professor of hydroelectric engineering and politician who served as the 1st President of Poland from 11 December 1922 until his assassination on 16 December, five days after assuming office.

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Gastón Gaudio

Gastón Norberto Gaudio (born 9 December 1978) is a retired professional tennis player from Argentina.

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Gaza Strip

The Gaza Strip (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p.761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and Hamas, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". قطاع غزة), or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for and Israel on the east and north along a border.

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Gemma Frisius

Gemma Frisius (born Jemme Reinerszoon; December 9, 1508 – May 25, 1555), was a Dutch physician, mathematician, cartographer, philosopher, and instrument maker.

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Gene Barry

Gene Barry (born Eugene Klass, June 14, 1919 – December 9, 2009) was an American stage, screen, and television actor.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Genocide Convention

The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1948 as General Assembly Resolution 260.

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Geoff Barrow

Geoffrey Paul Barrow (born 9 December 1971) is an English music producer, composer, disc jockey, and is the instrumentalist for the band Portishead.

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George Blewett

George John Blewett (December 9, 1873 – August 15, 1912) was a Canadian academic and philosopher.

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George's Day in Autumn

Saint George's Day (Егорий Осенний, Egoriy Osenniy, "George's in autumn", also just Юрьев день, Yuriev den', "George's day"; Ђурђиц/Đurđic) is one of two feasts of Saint George, celebrated on 16 November by the Russian Orthodox Church (26 November Julian Calendar) and Serbian Orthodox Church (3 November Julian Calendar), the other being Saint George's Day of Spring (6 May) in Gregorian calendar.

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Georges Dufrénoy

Georges Dufrénoy (June 20, 1870December 9, 1943) was a French post-Impressionist painter associated with Fauvism.

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Georgia Gibbs

Georgia Gibbs (August 17, 1919 – December 9, 2006) was an American popular singer and vocal entertainer rooted in jazz.

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Germain Gagnon

Joseph Adrien Germain Gagnon (December 9, 1942 – October 26, 2014) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player who played 259 games in the National Hockey League.

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Gertrude of Brunswick

Gertrud of Brunswick (Gertrud von Braunschweig; – 9 December 1117), was Countess of Katlenburg by marriage to Dietrich II, Count of Katlenburg, Margravine of Frisia by marriage to Henry, Margrave of Frisia, and Margravine of Meissen by marriage to margrave Henry I. She served as regent of the County of Katlenburg during the minority of her son Dietrich III of Katlenburg, and as regent of the County of Northeim during the minority of her son Otto III of Northeim.

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Gideon Sa'ar

Gideon Moshe Sa'ar (גִּדְעוֹן סַעַר; born 9 December 1966) is a former Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for the political party Likud between 2003 and 2014.

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Glorious Revolution

The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.

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Gordon Zahn

Gordon Zahn (born Gordon Charles Paul Roach; 7 August 1918 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin – 9 December 2007 in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin) was an American sociologist, pacifist, professor, and author.

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Gothic War (535–554)

The Gothic War between the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Justinian I and the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy took place from 535 until 554 in the Italian peninsula, Dalmatia, Sardinia, Sicily and Corsica.

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Goths

The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.

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Governor of Illinois

The Governor of Illinois is the chief executive of the State of Illinois and the various agencies and departments over which the officer has jurisdiction, as prescribed in the state constitution.

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Grace Hopper

Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral.

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Graphical user interface

The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

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Gregorios Xenopoulos

Gregorios Xenopoulos (Γρηγόριος Ξενόπουλος; December 9, 1867 – 14 January 1951) was a novelist, journalist and writer of plays from Zakynthos.

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Guatemala

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.

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Gulf Cooperation Council

The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية), originally (and still colloquially) known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC, مجلس التعاون الخليجي), is a regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf except Iraq.

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Gustaf Dalén

Nils Gustaf Dalén (30 November 1869 – 9 December 1937) was a Swedish Nobel Laureate and industrialist, the founder of the AGA company and inventor of the AGA cooker and the Dalén light.

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Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden

Gustav II Adolf (9 December 1594 – 6 November 1632, O.S.), widely known in English by his Latinised name Gustavus Adolphus or as Gustav II Adolph, was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632 who is credited for the founding of Sweden as a great power (Stormaktstiden).

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György Sándor

György Sándor (21 September 1912 – 9 December 2005) was a Hungarian pianist and writer.

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Hannes Kolehmainen

Juho Pietari "Hannes" Kolehmainen (9 December 1889 – 11 January 1966) was a Finnish four-time Olympic Gold medalist and a world record holder in middle- and long-distance running.

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Hape Kerkeling

Hans Peter Wilhelm "Hape" Kerkeling (born 9 December 1964, in Recklinghausen, Germany) is a German actor, presenter and comedian with Dutch roots.

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Harry Gold

Harry Gold (December 11, 1910 – August 28, 1972) was a laboratory chemist and spy for a number of Soviet spy rings operating in the United States during the Manhattan Project.

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Harry Miller (auto racing)

Harold Arminius Miller (December 9, 1875 – May 3, 1943), commonly called Harry, was an American race car designer and builder who was most active in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Hélène Smith

Hélène Smith (real name Catherine-Elise Müller, December 9, 1861, Martigny – June 10, 1929, Geneva) was a famous late-19th century French medium.

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Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher

Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher (November 15, 1757 in Glückstadt, Holstein – December 9, 1830) was a Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy at the University of Copenhagen.

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Heisman Trophy

The Heisman Memorial Trophy (usually known colloquially as the Heisman Trophy or The Heisman), is awarded annually to the most outstanding player in college football in the United States whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity.

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Henk ten Cate

Henk ten Cate (born 9 December 1954) is a Dutch football manager and former professional player.

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Henry Way Kendall

Henry Way Kendall (December 9, 1926 – February 15, 1999) was an American particle physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990 jointly with Jerome Isaac Friedman and Richard E. Taylor "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics.".

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Hermione Gingold

Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold (9 December 1897 – 24 May 1987) was an English actress known for her sharp-tongued, eccentric persona.

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Hikaru Nakamura

is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster.

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Hope, British Columbia

Hope is a district municipality at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada.

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Hwang Kyo-ahn

Hwang Kyo-ahn (황교안, Hanja: 黃敎安, RR: Hwang Gyo-an; born 15 April 1957) is a South Korean politician and lawyer and judicial branch commity and was the 44th Prime Minister of South Korea from 18 June 2015 to 11 May 2017, having previously served as Justice Minister.

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Hypertext

Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references (hyperlinks) to other text that the reader can immediately access, or where text can be revealed progressively at multiple levels of detail (also called StretchText).

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Ian Hornak

Ian Hornak (January 9, 1944 – December 9, 2002) was an American draughtsman, painter and printmaker and one of the founding artists of the Hyperrealist and Photorealism art movements.

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Ibrahim Dossey

Ibrahim Dossey (24 November 1972 in Accra – 9 December 2008 in Bucharest) was a Ghanaian football goalkeeper.

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Ida S. Scudder

Dr.

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Imogen Heap

Imogen Jennifer Heap (born 9 December 1977) is an English singer, songwriter, record producer and audio engineer.

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Impeachment of Park Geun-hye

The impeachment of Park Geun-hye, President of South Korea, was the culmination of a political scandal involving interventions to the presidency from her aide.

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Indian Air Force

The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.

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Indian Army

The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.

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Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca (Dhaka) on 16 December 1971.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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International Anti-Corruption Day

International Anti-Corruption Day has been observed annually, on 9 December, since the passage of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption on 31 October 2003.

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Iran

Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Israeli–Palestinian conflict

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Falestini; al-Niza'a al-Filastini-al-Israili) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.

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Jaak Jõerüüt

Jaak Jõerüüt (born 9 December 1947 in Tallinn) is an Estonian writer and politician.

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Jakob Dylan

Jakob Luke Dylan (born December 9, 1969) is an American singer and songwriter.

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James II of England

James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

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James Jesus Angleton

James Jesus Angleton (December 9, 1917 – May 11, 1987) was chief of CIA Counterintelligence from 1954 to 1975.

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James Moody (saxophonist)

James Moody (March 26, 1925 – December 9, 2010) was an American jazz saxophone and flute player and very occasional vocalist, playing predominantly in the bebop and hard bop styles.

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James Rainwater

Leo James Rainwater (December 9, 1917 – May 31, 1986) was an American physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1975 for his part in determining the asymmetrical shapes of certain atomic nuclei.

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Jan Křesadlo

Jan Křesadlo was the primary artistic pseudonym used by Václav Jaroslav Karel Pinkava (December 9, 1926 in Prague - August 13, 1995 in Colchester), a Czech psychologist who was also a prizewinning novelist and poet.

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Jane Freilicher

Jane Freilicher (November 29, 1924 – December 9, 2014) was an American representational painter of urban and country scenes from her homes in lower Manhattan and Water Mill, Long Island.

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Jason Dozzell

Jason Irvin Winans Dozzell (born 9 December 1967) is an English former professional footballer who made more than 500 Football League appearances for Ipswich Town, Tottenham Hotspur, Northampton Town and Colchester United.

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Jay Berwanger

John Jacob "Jay" Berwanger (March 19, 1914 – June 26, 2002) was an American college football player and referee.

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Jean de Brunhoff

Jean de Brunhoff (9 December 1899 – 16 October 1937) was a French writer and illustrator remembered for creating the Babar books, the first of which appeared in 1931.

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Jean Mermoz

Jean Mermoz (9 December 1901, Aubenton, Aisne – 7 December 1936) was a French aviator, viewed as a hero by other pilots such as Saint-Exupery, and in his native France, where many schools bear his name.

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Jean-Claude Juncker

Jean-Claude Juncker (born 9 December 1954) is a Luxembourgish politician serving as President of the European Commission since 2014.

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Jean-Olivier Chénier

Jean-Olivier Chénier (December 9, 1806 – December 14, 1837) was a physician in Lower Canada (present-day Quebec).

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Jean-Pierre Thiollet

Jean-Pierre Thiollet (born December 9, 1956 in Poitiers) is a French writer and journalist.

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Jenni Rivera

Dolores Janney "Jenni" Rivera Saavedra (July 2, 1969 – December 9, 2012) was an American singer, songwriter, actress, television producer, spokesperson, philanthropist and entrepreneur known for her work within the Banda and ranchera music genres.

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Jermaine Beckford

Jermaine Paul Alexander Beckford (born 9 December 1983) is a professional footballer who plays for Bury as a striker.

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Jerome Beatty Jr.

Jerome M. Beatty Jr. (December 9, 1916 — July 31, 2002) was a twentieth-century American author of children's literature.

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Jesse Metcalfe

Jesse Eden Metcalfe (born December 9, 1978) is an American actor and musician.

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Jim Turnesa

James R. Turnesa (December 9, 1912 – August 27, 1971) was one of seven golfing brothers; Phil (1896–1987), Frank (1898–1949), Joe (1901–1991), Mike (1907–2000), Doug (1909–1972), Jim (1912–1971), and Willie (1914–2001).

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Joan Armatrading

Joan Anita Barbara Armatrading, MBE (born 9 December 1950) is a British singer-songwriter and guitarist.

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Joan Blos

Joan Winsor Blos (December 9, 1928 – October 12, 2017) was an American writer, teacher and advocate for children's literacy.

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Joanna Trollope

Joanna Trollope OBE (born 9 December 1943) is an English writer.

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Joaquín Turina

Joaquín Turina Pérez (9 December 188214 January 1949) was a Spanish composer of classical music.

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Jože Toporišič

Jože Toporišič (October 11, 1926 – December 9, 2014) was a leading Slovene linguist.

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Joe Ausanio

Joseph John Ausanio (born December 9, 1965) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher who appeared in 41 games for the New York Yankees in and.

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Joe Kelley

Joseph James Kelley (December 9, 1871 – August 14, 1943) was an American left fielder in Major League Baseball (MLB) who starred in the outfield of the Baltimore Orioles teams of the 1890s.

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Joe McGinniss

Joseph Ralph McGinniss, Sr. (December 9, 1942 – March 10, 2014), known as Joe McGinniss, was an American non-fiction writer and novelist.

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Joel Chandler Harris

Joel Chandler Harris (December 9, 1848 – July 3, 1908) was an American journalist, fiction writer, and folklorist best known for his collection of Uncle Remus stories.

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Johann Joachim Winckelmann

Johann Joachim Winckelmann (9 December 1717 – 8 June 1768) was a German art historian and archaeologist.

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Johann Reinhold Forster

Johann Reinhold Forster (22 October 1729 – 9 December 1798) was a Reformed (Calvinist) pastor and naturalist of partially Scottish descent who made contributions to the early ornithology of Europe and North America.

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Johannes B. Kerner

Johannes Baptist Kerner (born 9 December 1964 in Bonn) is a German TV personality best known as a sportscaster.

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John Birch Society

The John Birch Society (JBS) is a self-described conservative advocacy group supporting anti-communism and limited government.

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John Cassavetes

John Nicholas Cassavetes (December 9, 1929 – February 3, 1989) was a Greek-American actor, film director, and screenwriter.

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John Dobson (architect)

John Dobson (1787 – 8 January 1865) was a 19th-century English architect in the neoclassical tradition.

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John Gabbert

John Gordon Gabbert (June 20, 1909 – December 9, 2013) was an Associate Justice of the California Courts of Appeal appointed by Governor Ronald Reagan in May 1970.

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John Malkovich

John Gavin Malkovich (born December 9, 1953) is an American actor, director, producer and fashion designer.

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John Milton

John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.

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John Wilbur (American football)

John Leonard Wilbur (May 21, 1943 – December 9, 2013) was a professional American football offensive lineman in the National Football League (NFL) for the Dallas Cowboys, Los Angeles Rams and Washington Redskins.

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Jonathan Sumption, Lord Sumption

Jonathan Philip Chadwick Sumption, Lord Sumption (born 9 December 1948), is a British judge, author and medieval historian.

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Jorge María Mejía

Jorge María Mejía (31 January 1923 – 9 December 2014) was an Argentine cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (Roman Rite).

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Joseph Pilates

Joseph Hubertus Pilates (December 9, 1883 – October 9, 1967) was a German physical trainer notable for having invented and promoted the Pilates method of physical fitness.

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Joshua Bell

Joshua David Bell (born December 9, 1967) is an American Grammy award-winning violinist and conductor.

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Joyce Redman

Joyce Olivia Redman (9 December 1915 – 10 May 2012) was an Anglo-Irish actress.

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Juan Diego

Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, also known as Juan Diegotzil (1474–1548), a native of Mexico, is the first Roman Catholic indigenous saint from the Americas.

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Juan Samuel

Juan Milton Samuel (born December 9, 1960) is a retired second baseman and center fielder who spent sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Philadelphia Phillies (1983–1989), New York Mets (1989), Los Angeles Dodgers (1990–1992), Kansas City Royals (1992, 1995), Cincinnati Reds (1993), Detroit Tigers (1994–1995) and Toronto Blue Jays (1996–1998).

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Judi Dench

Dame Judith Olivia Dench, (born 9 December 1934) is an English actress.

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Julio Terrazas Sandoval

Julio Terrazas Sandoval (March 7, 1936 – December 9, 2015) was a Cardinal Priest and Archbishop Emeritus of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in the Roman Catholic Church.

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Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were United States citizens who spied for the Soviet Union and were tried, convicted, and executed by the Federal government of the United States.

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Junior Wells

Junior Wells (born Amos Wells Blakemore Jr., December 9, 1934January 15, 1998) was an American Chicago blues vocalist, harmonica player, and recording artist.

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Juvenal Juvêncio

Juvenal Juvêncio (25 February 1934 – 9 December 2015) was a Brazilian lawyer, state representative, investigator of police and president of São Paulo Futebol Clube.

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Kara DioGuardi

Kara Elizabeth DioGuardi (born December 9, 1970) is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, music publisher, A&R executive, composer and TV personality.

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Karl Blossfeldt

Karl Blossfeldt (June 13, 1865 – December 9, 1932) was a German photographer, sculptor, teacher, and artist who worked in Berlin, Germany.

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Kecksburg UFO incident

The Kecksburg UFO incident occurred on December 9, 1965, at Kecksburg, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Kenny Vance

Kenny Vance (born December 9, 1943, in Brooklyn as Kenneth Rosenberg) is an American singer, songwriter, and music producer who was an original founding member of Jay and the Americans.

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Khazars

The Khazars (خزر, Xəzərlər; Hazarlar; Хазарлар; Хәзәрләр, Xäzärlär; כוזרים, Kuzarim;, Xazar; Хоза́ри, Chozáry; Хаза́ры, Hazáry; Kazárok; Xazar; Χάζαροι, Cházaroi; p./Gasani) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people, who created what for its duration was the most powerful polity to emerge from the break-up of the Western Turkic Khaganate.

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Ki Longfellow

Ki Longfellow (born 'Baby Kelly', later named Pamela in 1944) is an American novelist, playwright, theatrical producer, theater director and entrepreneur with dual citizenship in Britain.

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King of Italy

King of Italy (Latin: Rex Italiae; Italian: Re d'Italia) was the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom of Italy after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

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Kirk Douglas

Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch, December 9, 1916) is an American actor, producer, director, and author.

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Kirsten Gillibrand

Kirsten Elizabeth Gillibrand (Rutnik;; born December 9, 1966) is an American attorney and politician serving as the junior United States Senator from New York since January 2009.

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Klaus Fuchs

Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs (29 December 1911 – 28 January 1988) was a German theoretical physicist and atomic spy who, in 1950, was convicted of supplying information from the American, British, and Canadian Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union during and shortly after the Second World War.

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Kostas Giannoulis

Konstantinos Nikolaos Giannoulis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Νικόλαος Γιαννούλης; born 9 December 1987) is a Greek footballer who currently plays for Greek Superleague club Asteras Tripoli as a left-back.

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Kuomintang

The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

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Kuwait Airways

Kuwait Airways (الخطوط الجوية الكويتية) is the national carrier of Kuwait, with its head office on the grounds of Kuwait International Airport, Al Farwaniyah Governorate.

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Kwadwo Asamoah

Kwadwo "Kojo" Asamoah,; born 9 December 1988 in Accra) is a Ghanaian professional footballer, who last played as a left midfielder, left wing-back or as an offensive central midfielder for Italian club Juventus. He began his professional career with Italian club Udinese in 2008; his consistent performances earned him a transfer to Juventus in 2012, where, with his energy, versatility, and technical skills, he played a key role in helping the club to six consecutive Serie A titles between 2013 and 2018, among other titles. At international level, he has represented Ghana in four Africa Cup of Nations tournaments, and two FIFA World Cups. Asamoah was awarded CAF Most Promising African Player in 2010 and named Ghana Player of the Year twice consecutively for 2012 and 2013. In 2013, Asamoah was ranked as the 27th best footballer in the world by Bloomberg.

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La Fronde (newspaper)

La Fronde (The Sling) was a French feminist newspaper first published in Paris on 9 December 1897 by activist Marguerite Durand (1864–1936).

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Ladislav Smoljak

Ladislav Smoljak (9 December 1931 – 6 June 2010) was a Czech film and theater director, actor and screenwriter.

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Laird Cregar

Samuel Laird Cregar (July 28, 1913December 9, 1944) was an American stage and film actor.

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Lance Krall

Lance Krall (born December 9, 1970 in Monterey, California) is an American comedian and actor, television writer, director, and producer of Vietnamese descent.

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Later Tang

Tang, known in history as Later Tang, was a short-lived imperial dynasty that lasted from 923 to 937 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in the history of China.

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Laura Salverson

Laura Goodman Salverson (née Goodman) (December 9, 1890 – July 13, 1970) was a Canadian author.

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Laura Smulders

Laura Smulders (born 9 December 1993) is a Dutch racing cyclist who represents the Netherlands in BMX.

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Leocadia

Saint Leocadia (Sainte Léocadie; Santa Leocadia) is a Spanish saint.

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Leon Hall

Leon Lastarza Lafayette Lorenzo Hall (born December 9, 1984) is an American football cornerback for the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL).

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Leon Jaworski

Leonidas "Leon" Jaworski (September 19, 1905 – December 9, 1982) was an American attorney and law professor who served as the second special prosecutor during the Watergate Scandal.

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Les Kiss

Les Kiss (born 9 December 1964) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played in the New South Wales Rugby League and former rugby league coach.

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Li Congrong

Li Congrong (李從榮) (d. December 9, 933Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 278..), formally the Prince of Qin (秦王), was a son of Li Siyuan, the second emperor of the Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period state Later Tang.

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Liaqat Baloch

Liaqat Baloch (لیاقت بلوچ; born December 9, 1952) is a political leader in Pakistan.

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Lieutenant Governor of Illinois

The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is the second highest executive of the State of Illinois.

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Lilburn Tower

Lilburn Tower is a privately owned 19th century mansion house at Lilburn, near Wooler, Northumberland.

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Lilias Armstrong

Lilias Eveline Armstrong (29 September 1882 – 9 December 1937) was an English phonetician.

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List of Governors of Mississippi

The Governor of Mississippi is the head of the executive branch of Mississippi's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.

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List of Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada

This is a list of the Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada, who were the heads of government of the Province of Canada from the 1841 unification of Upper Canada and Lower Canada until Confederation in 1867.

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List of Knesset speakers

The Speaker of the Knesset (יושב ראש הכנסת, Yoshev Rosh HaKnesset, literally: Chairman of the Knesset) is the presiding officer of the Knesset, the unicameral legislature of Israel.

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List of mayors of Pittsburgh

The Mayor of Pittsburgh is the chief executive of the government of the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, as stipulated by the Charter of the City of Pittsburgh.

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List of members of the European Court of Justice

The following is a list of all past and present members of the European Court of Justice in the official order of precedence: As of 19 September 2016.

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List of Prime Ministers of Luxembourg

The Prime Minister of Luxembourg is the head of government in Luxembourg.

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List of rulers of Lithuania

The following is a list of rulers over Lithuania—grand dukes, kings, and presidents—the heads of authority over historical Lithuanian territory.

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Ljubica Sokić

Ljubica "Cuca" Sokić (9 December 1914 – 8 January 2009) was a Serbian painter.

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Lorenzo Wright

Lorenzo Christopher Wright (9 December 1926 – 27 March 1972) was a Detroit native and star athlete at Miller High School and Wayne State University; Wright is renowned for his noteworthy accomplishments in the sport of track and field.

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Lori Greiner

Lori Greiner (born December 9, 1969) is an American inventor, entrepreneur, and television personality.

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Louella Parsons

Louella Parsons (born Louella Rose Oettinger; August 6, 1881 – December 9, 1972) was the first American movie columnist and a screenwriter.

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Louisiana

Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Lutefisk

Lutefisk (Norwegian) or lutfisk (Swedish) (pronounced in Northern and Central Norway, in Southern Norway, in Sweden and in Finland (lipeäkala)) is a traditional dish of some Nordic countries.

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Luzon

Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.

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Madagali

Madagali or Madagli is a town and local government area in Adamawa State, Nigeria.

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Madagali suicide bombings

The Madagali suicide bombings occurred on 9 December 2016 when 2 women suicide bombers attack Madagali, a town in Nigeria.

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Maddalena Laura Sirmen

Maddalena Sirmen (9 December 1745 – 18 May 1818) was an Italian composer, violinist, and later unsuccessful singer.

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Mahmadu Lamine

al-Hajj Mahmadu Lamine (died December 9, 1887) was a nineteenth-century Senegalese Tijani marabout who led an unsuccessful rebellion against the French colonial government.

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Maksim Bahdanovič

Maksim Adamavič Bahdanovič (Belarusian language: Максім Адамавіч Багдановіч) (December 9, 1891 – May 25, 1917) was a Belarusian poet, journalist, translator, literary critic and historian of literature.

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Malcolm IV of Scotland

Malcolm IV (Mediaeval Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Maol Chaluim mac Eanraig), nicknamed Virgo, "the Maiden" (between 23 April and 24 May 11419 December 1165), King of Scots, was the eldest son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria (died 1152) and Ada de Warenne.

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Manhattan Project

The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.

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Mardy Fish

Mardy Simpson Fish (born December 9, 1981) is a former American professional tennis player.

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Margaret Brundage

Margaret Brundage, born Margaret Hedda Johnson (December 9, 1900April 9, 1976), was an American illustrator and painter who is remembered chiefly for having illustrated the pulp magazine Weird Tales.

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Margaret Hamilton (actress)

Margaret Brainard Hamilton (December 9, 1902 – May 16, 1985) was an American film character actress best known for her portrayal of the Wicked Witch of the West in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's classic film The Wizard of Oz (1939).

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Marguerite Durand

Marguerite Durand (January 24, 1864 – March 16, 1936) was a French stage actress, journalist, and a leading suffragette.

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Mark McMorris

Mark Lee McMorris (born 9 December 1993) is a Canadian professional snowboarder who specializes in the slopestyle and big air events.

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Mark Riddell

Mark Robert Riddell (born 9 December 1980) is an Australian rugby league commentator and former professional player.

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Marleen Gorris

Marleen Gorris (born 9 December 1948) is a writer-director from the Netherlands.

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Martin de Porres

Martin de Porres Velázquez, O.P. (December 9, 1579 – November 3, 1639), was a lay brother of the Dominican Order who was beatified in 1837 by Pope Gregory XVI and canonized in 1962 by Pope John XXIII.

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Martin Taylor (footballer, born 1966)

Martin Taylor (born 9 December 1966) is an English former footballer.

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Mary Ann Mobley

Mary Ann Mobley (February 17, 1937 – December 9, 2014) was an American actress, television personality and Miss America 1959.

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Mary Hansen

Mary Therese Hansen (1 November 1966 9 December 2002) was an Australian-born guitarist and singer.

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Mary Leakey

Mary Douglas Leakey, FBA (née Nicol, 6 February 1913 – 9 December 1996) was a British paleoanthropologist who discovered the first fossilised Proconsul skull, an extinct ape which is now believed to be ancestral to humans.

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Masako, Crown Princess of Japan

, born on 9 December 1963, is the wife of Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan, who is the eldest son of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko and the heir apparent to the Chrysanthemum Throne.

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Mat Latos

Mathew Adam Latos (born December 9, 1987) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the New Jersey Jackals of the Can-Am League.

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Max Manus

Maximo Guillermo "Max" Manus DSO, MC & Bar (9 December 1914 – 20 September 1996) was a Norwegian resistance fighter during World War II, specialising in sabotage in occupied Norway.

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McCarthyism

McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.

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McKayla Maroney

McKayla Rose Maroney (born December 9, 1995) is a retired American multiple gold-medal-awarded artistic gymnast.

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Meghna Heli Bridge

Meghna Heli Bridge was an aerial operation of Indian and Bangladeshi allied forces during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

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Mehmet Ali Birand

Mehmet Ali Birand (9 December 1941 – 17 January 2013) was a Turkish journalist, political commentator and writer.

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Meissen

Meissen (in German orthography: Meißen) is a town of approximately 30,000 about northwest of Dresden on both banks of the Elbe river in the Free State of Saxony, in eastern Germany.

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Michael Adam

Michael Adam (born 9 December 1984) is a German politician.

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Michael Carver

Field Marshal Richard Michael Power Carver, Baron Carver, (24 April 1915 – 9 December 2001) was a senior British Army officer.

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Michael Corcoran (musician)

Michael Thomas Corcoran (born December 10, 1972), known professionally as Backhouse Mike or Ken Lofkoll, is an American musician, singer-songwriter, composer, sound designer, musical arranger, orchestrator, and record producer.

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Michael Dorn

Michael Dorn (born December 9, 1952) is an American actor and voice artist who is known for his role as the Klingon Worf in the Star Trek franchise.

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Michael Foster (musician)

Michael Foster (born December 9, 1964) is an American musician and the drummer of rock band FireHouse.

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Michael Nouri

Michael Nouri (born December 9, 1945) is an American television and film actor.

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Mikoyan

Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (Rossiyskaya samoletostroitel'naya korporatsiya "MiG") is a Russian aerospace joint stock company.

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Military history of Italy during World War II

The participation of Italy in the Second World War was characterized by a complex framework of ideology, politics, and diplomacy, while its military actions were often heavily influenced by external factors.

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Milt Campbell

Milton Gray Campbell (December 9, 1933 – November 2, 2012) was an American decathlete of the 1950s.

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Minister of Defence (Estonia)

The Minister of Defence (Estonian: Kaitseminister) is the senior minister at the Ministry of Defence (Kaitseministeerium) in the Estonian Government.

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Ministry of Interior (Israel)

The Ministry of Interior (משרד הפנים, Misrad HaPnim; وزارة الداخلية) in the State of Israel is one of the government offices that is responsible for local government, citizenship and residency, identity cards, and student and entry visas.

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Miss America 1959

Miss America 1959, the 32nd Miss America pageant, was held at the Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey on September 6, 1958 on CBS.

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Montreal

Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.

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Morton Downey Jr.

Sean Morton Downey (December 9, 1932 – March 12, 2001), better known by his stage name Morton Downey Jr., was an American television talk show host of the late-1980s who pioneered the "trash TV" format on his program The Morton Downey Jr. Show.

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Moulton Bicycle

Moulton is an English bicycle manufacturer based in Bradford on Avon in Wiltshire.

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MyKayla Skinner

MyKayla Brooke "Mikki" Skinner (born December 9, 1996) is an American collegiate artistic gymnast.

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Name days in Sweden

This is the old Swedish name day calendar, sanctioned by the Swedish Academy in 1901, with official status until 1972.

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Nanjing

Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.

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Nasr ibn Sayyar

Naṣr ibn Sayyār al-Lāythi al-Kināni (نصر بن سيار الليثي الكناني; 663–748) was an Arab general and the last Umayyad governor of Khurasan in 738–748.

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Nathalie De Vos

Nathalie De Vos (born 9 December 1982 in Ghent) is a Belgian long-distance runner who specializes in the 5000 and 10,000 metres.

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National Assembly (South Korea)

The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea, often shortened to the National Assembly in domestic English-language media, is the 300-member unicameral national legislature of South Korea.

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Natsume Sōseki

, born, was a Japanese novelist.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Nazi human experimentation

Nazi human experimentation was a series of medical experiments on large numbers of prisoners, including children, by Nazi Germany in its concentration camps in the early to mid 1940s, during World War II and the Holocaust.

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Nectarius of Auvergne

Saint Nectarius of Auvergne (also known as Nectarius of St-Nectaire, Nectarius of Limagne, Necterius of Senneterre) (Nectaire) is venerated as a 4th-century martyr and Christian missionary.

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Neil Innes

Neil James Innes (born 9 December 1944) is an English writer, comedian and musician.

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Neslihan Demir

Neslihan Demir, (born December 9, 1983 in Eskişehir) is a Turkish volleyball star, currently playing for Galatasaray.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Newcastle United F.C.

Newcastle United Football Club is an English professional association football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, that plays in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.

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Newspaper

A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.

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Nicholas Reade

Nicholas Stewart Reade (born 9 December 1946) is a retired British Anglican bishop.

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Nick Hysong

Nick E. Hysong (born December 9, 1971 in Winslow, Arizona) is an American athlete competing in the men's pole vault.

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Nick Seymour

Nicholas More "Nick" Seymour (born 9 December 1958, Benalla, Victoria) is a musician, painter, and record producer.

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Nikolai Luzin

Nikolai Nikolaevich Luzin (also spelled Lusin; a; 9 December 1883 – 28 January 1950) was a Soviet/Russian mathematician known for his work in descriptive set theory and aspects of mathematical analysis with strong connections to point-set topology.

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NLS (computer system)

NLS, or the "oN-Line System", was a revolutionary computer collaboration system from the 1960s.

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Noah Webster

Noah Webster Jr. (October 16, 1758 – May 28, 1843) was an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author.

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Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.

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Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Norm Sloan

Norman Lesley Sloan Jr. (June 25, 1926 – December 9, 2003), nicknamed "Stormin' Norman," was an American college basketball player and coach.

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Norman Breslow

Norman Edward Breslow (February 21, 1941 – December 9, 2015) was an American statistician and medical researcher.

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Norman Joseph Woodland

Norman Joseph Woodland (September 6, 1921 – December 9, 2012) was an American inventor, best known as one of the inventors of the barcode, for which he received a patent in October 1952.

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Odoacer

Flavius Odoacer (c. 433Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. 2, s.v. Odovacer, pp. 791–793 – 493 AD), also known as Flavius Odovacer or Odovacar (Odoacre, Odoacer, Odoacar, Odovacar, Odovacris), was a soldier who in 476 became the first King of Italy (476–493).

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Old Eldon Square

Old Eldon Square is a public square on Blackett Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, England.

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Old University of Leuven

The Old University of Leuven (or of Louvain) is the name historians give to the university, or studium generale, founded in Leuven, Brabant (then part of the Burgundian Netherlands, now part of Belgium), in 1425.

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Olivia Lufkin

Olivia Lufkin (born December 9, 1979), professionally known as Olivia, is a Japanese-American bilingual singer and songwriter.

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Operation Compass

Operation Compass was the first large Allied military operation of the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) during the Second World War.

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Orville Moody

Orville James Moody (December 9, 1933 – August 8, 2008) was an American professional golfer who won numerous tournaments in his career.

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Otis Birdsong

Otis Lee Birdsong (born December 9, 1955) is an American former professional basketball player.

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Our Lady of Guadalupe

Our Lady of Guadalupe (Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe), also known as the Virgin of Guadalupe (Virgen de Guadalupe), is a Catholic title of the Blessed Virgin Mary associated with a venerated image enshrined within the Minor Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City.

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P. B. S. Pinchback

Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (born Pinckney Benton Stewart May 10, 1837 – December 21, 1921) was an American publisher and politician, a Union Army officer, and the first African American to become governor of a U.S. state.

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Paddi Edwards

Patricia Mary Ursula Edwards (March 8, 1931 – October 18, 1999), known as Paddi Edwards, was an English-born American actress.

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Palestine Liberation Organization

The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO; منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية) is an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.

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Park Geun-hye

Park Geun-hye (born 2 February 1952) is a former South Korean politician who served as the 11th President of South Korea from 2013 to 2017.

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Patrick Moore

Sir Patrick Alfred Caldwell-Moore (4 March 19239 December 2012) was an English amateur astronomer who attained prominent status in that field as a writer, researcher, radio commentator and television presenter.

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Patty Donahue

Patricia Jean "Patty" Donahue (March 29, 1956 – December 9, 1996) was the lead singer of the 1980s new wave group The Waitresses.

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Paul Landers

Paul H. Landers (born 9 December 1964) is a German musician, notable as guitarist for the Neue Deutsche Härte band Rammstein, and previous band Feeling B.

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Paul Simon (politician)

Paul Martin Simon (November 29, 1928 – December 9, 2003) was an American author and politician from Illinois.

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Peanuts

Peanuts is a syndicated daily and Sunday American comic strip written and illustrated by Charles M. Schulz that ran from October 2, 1950, to February 13, 2000, continuing in reruns afterward.

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Perry Miller

Perry Gilbert Eddy Miller (February 25, 1905 – December 9, 1963) was an American intellectual historian and Harvard University professor.

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Peruvian War of Independence

The Peruvian War of Independence was composed of a series of military conflicts in Peru beginning with viceroy Abascal military reconquest in 1811 in the battle of Guaqui, going with the definitive defeat of the Spanish Army in 1824 in the battle of Ayacucho, and culminated in 1826, with the Siege of Callao.

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Peter Fourier

Peter Fourier, C.R.S.A. (Pierre Fourier,; 30 November 15659 December 1640) was a French canon regular who is honored as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.

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Peter II of Portugal

Dom Pedro II (26 April 1648 – 9 December 1706), nicknamed "the Pacific", was the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1683 until his death, previously serving as regent for his brother King Afonso VI from 1668 until his own accession.

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Peter Kropotkin

Pyotr Alexeevich Kropotkin (Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian activist, revolutionary, scientist and philosopher who advocated anarcho-communism.

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Peter O'Mara

Peter John O'Mara (born 9 December 1957) is an Australian-born jazz guitarist, composer and teacher.

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Peter Pelham (composer)

Peter Pelham (9 December 1721 – 28 April 1805) was an English-born American organist, harpsichordist, teacher and composer.

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Peter, Duke of Coimbra

Infante D. Pedro, Duke of Coimbra KG (Peter), (9 December 1392 – 20 May 1449) was a Portuguese ''infante'' (prince) of the House of Aviz, son of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt.

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Petr Nedvěd

Petr Nedvěd (born December 9, 1971) is a Czech Canadian former professional ice hockey player who spent 15 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Petrified Forest National Park

Petrified Forest National Park is a United States national park in Navajo and Apache counties in northeastern Arizona.

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Phil Bryant

Dewey Phillip Bryant (born December 9, 1954) is an American politician serving as the 64th and current Governor of Mississippi since 2012.

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Pierre Henry

Pierre Henry in January 2008 Pierre Georges Henry (9 December 1927 – 5 July 2017) was a French composer, considered a pioneer in the musique concrète genre of electronic music.

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Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi

Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi (9 December 1728 – 19 November 1804) was an Italian opera composer.

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Pilates

Pilates is a physical fitness system developed in the early 20th century by Joseph Pilates, after whom it was named.

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Pit Martin

Hubert Jacques "Pit" Martin (December 9, 1943 – November 30, 2008) was a Canadian professional ice hockey centre who served as captain for the Chicago Black Hawks of the National Hockey League (NHL) from 1975 to 1977.

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Pope Clement IX

Pope Clement IX (Clemens IX; 28 January 1600 – 9 December 1669), born Giulio Rospigliosi, was Pope from 20 June 1667 to his death in 1669.

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Pope Pius IV

Pope Pius IV (31 March 1499 – 9 December 1565), born Giovanni Angelo Medici, was Pope from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565.

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President of Guatemala

The President of Guatemala (Presidente de Guatemala) officially known as the President of the Republic of Guatemala (Presidente de la República de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala, elected to a single four-year term.

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President of Italy

The President of the Italian Republic (Presidente della Repubblica Italiana) is the head of state of Italy and in that role represents national unity and guarantees that Italian politics comply with the Constitution.

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President of South Korea

The President of the Republic of Korea is, according to the South Korean constitution, the chairperson of the cabinet, the chief executive of the government, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the head of state of South Korea.

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President-elect of the United States

The President-elect of the United States is the person who has won the quadrennial presidential election in the United States, but who has not yet been inaugurated as President of the United States.

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Prime Minister of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.

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Prime Minister of Greece

The Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elli̱nikí̱s Di̱mokratías), colloquially referred to as the Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός της Ελλάδας, Pro̱thypourgós ti̱s Elládas), is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet.

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Prime Minister of Pakistan

The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; lit. "Grand Vizier") is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the "chief executive of the Republic".

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Prime Minister of South Korea

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea (국무총리 / 國務總理, Gungmuchongni) is appointed by the President of South Korea, with the National Assembly's approval.

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Prince Yasuhiko Asaka

General was the founder of a collateral branch of the Japanese imperial family and a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Army.

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Public holidays in Antigua and Barbuda

No description.

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Public holidays in Russia

The following is the list of official public holidays recognized by the Government of Russia.

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Public holidays in Tanzania

Public holidays in Tanzania are in accordance with the Public Holidays Ordinance (Amended) Act, 1966 and are observed throughout the nation.

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Rafael Sperafico

Rafael Sperafico (22 April 1981 – 9 December 2007) was a Brazilian racing driver.

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Ralph Bunche

Ralph Johnson Bunche (August 7, 1904 December 9, 1971) was an American political scientist, academic, and diplomat who received the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his late 1940s mediation in Israel.

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Raphaël Rouquier

Raphaël Alexis Marcel Rouquier (born December 9, 1969) is a French mathematician and a professor of mathematics at UCLA.

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Redd Foxx

John Elroy Sanford (December 9, 1922 – October 11, 1991), better known by his screen name Redd Foxx, was an American stand-up comedian and actor, best remembered for his explicit comedy records and his starring role on the 1970s sitcom Sanford and Son.

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Reiko Aylesworth

Reiko M. Aylesworth (born December 9, 1972) is an American film, television and stage actress, best known for her role on the television series 24 as Michelle Dessler.

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Republic of China (1912–1949)

The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.

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Riccardo Schicchi

Riccardo Schicchi (Augusta, Sicily, 14 March 1953 - Rome, 9 December 2012) was an Italian pornographer.

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Richard le Gras

Richard le Gras (Richard the Bold in French; died 9 December 1242) was Lord Keeper of England and Abbot of Evesham in the 13th century.

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Richard Lovelace

Richard Lovelace (pronounced, homophone of "loveless") (9 December 1617 – 1657) was an English poet in the seventeenth century.

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Richard O'Connor

General Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor & Bar, MC (21 August 1889 – 17 June 1981) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First and Second World Wars, and commanded the Western Desert Force in the early years of the Second World War.

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Rinderpest

Rinderpest (also cattle plague or steppe murrain) was an infectious viral disease of cattle, domestic buffalo, and many other species of even-toed ungulates, including buffaloes, large antelope and deer, giraffes, wildebeests, and warthogs.

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Riyadh

Riyadh (/rɨˈjɑːd/; الرياض ar-Riyāḍ Najdi pronunciation) is the capital and most populous city of Saudi Arabia.

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Robert Baldwin

Robert Baldwin (May 12, 1804 – December 9, 1858) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who, with his political partner Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, led the first responsible ministry in Canada.

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Robert Livingston (actor)

Robert Edward Randall (December 9, 1904 – March 7, 1988) was an American film actor known under his stage name as Bob Livingston.

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Robert Sheckley

Robert Sheckley (July 17, 1928 – December 9, 2005) was an American writer.

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Rod Blagojevich

Rod Blagojevich (born December 10, 1956) is an American former television personality and politician who served as the 40th Governor of Illinois from 2003 until his impeachment, conviction, and removal from office in 2009.

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Rogers Plan

The Rogers Plan (also known as Deep Strike) was a framework proposed by United States Secretary of State William P. Rogers to achieve an end to belligerence in the Arab–Israeli conflict following the Six-Day War and the continuing War of Attrition.

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Roman Senate

The Roman Senate (Senatus Romanus; Senato Romano) was a political institution in ancient Rome.

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Roxanne Swentzell

Roxanne Swentzell loved art from an early age.

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Roy Rubin

Roy Rubin (December 9, 1925 – August 5, 2013) was a former college and professional basketball coach.

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Rube Foster

Andrew "Rube" Foster (September 17, 1879 – December 9, 1930) was an American baseball player, manager, and executive in the Negro leagues.

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Russian Orthodox Church

The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.

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Ryan Grant (running back)

Ryan Brett Grant (born December 9, 1982) is a former American football running back in the National Football League (NFL).

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Ryūzō Sejima

was a Japanese army officer and business leader.

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Ryder Hesjedal

Eric Ryder Hesjedal (born December 9, 1980) is a Canadian retired professional racing cyclist who last rode for UCI ProTeam.

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Sacvan Bercovitch

Sacvan Bercovitch (October 4, 1933 – December 9, 2014) was a Canadian literary and cultural critic who spent most of his life teaching and writing in the United States.

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Saima Wazed

Saima Wazed Hossain (born 9 December 1972) is a Bangladesh Autism activist.

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Same-sex marriage

Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony.

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San Antonio

San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.

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Santa Clara Pueblo, New Mexico

Santa Clara Pueblo (in Tewa: Kha'po Owingeh) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States and a federally recognized tribe of Native American Pueblo people.

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Saskia Garel

Saskia Garel is a Jamaican-Canadian musician and actress.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Second Spanish Republic

The Spanish Republic (República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Segunda República Española), was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939.

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Sergey Konenkov

Sergey Timofeyevich Konenkov (also Sergei Konyonkov) (Серге́й Тимофеевич Конёнков; – 9 December 1971) was a famous Russian and Soviet sculptor.

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Sergius I of Constantinople

Sergius I (d. 9 December 638 in Constantinople) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 610 to 638.

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Shaughnessy Cohen

Elizabeth Shaughnessy Cohen, née Murray (February 11, 1948 – December 9, 1998) was a Canadian politician who represented the riding of Windsor—St. Clair for the Liberal Party of Canada from 1993 until her death in 1998.

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Shayne Graham

Michael Shayne Graham (born December 9, 1977) is an American football coach who is currently the special teams intern of Michigan State.

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Sidi Barrani

Sidi Barrani (سيدى برانى) is a town in Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea, about east of the border with Libya, and around from Tobruk, Libya.

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Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor

Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.

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Simon Helberg

Simon Maxwell Helberg (born December 9, 1980) is an American actor, comedian, and musician.

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Sligo

Sligo (—) is a coastal seaport and the county town of County Sligo, Ireland, within the western province of Connacht.

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Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

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Soap opera

A soap opera or soaper is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction presented in serial format on television, radio and in novels, featuring the lives of many characters and focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama.

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Somalia

Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.

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Sonia Gandhi

Sonia Gandhi (born 9 December 1946) is an Indian politician of Italian descent.

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Soshana Afroyim

Soshana Afroyim (September 1, 1927 – December 9, 2015) was an Austrian painter of the Modernism period.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spanish Constitution of 1931

The Spanish Constitution of 1931 was approved by the Constituent Assembly on 9 December 1931.

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Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.

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Stan Rice

Stan Rice (November 7, 1942 – December 9, 2002) was an American poet and artist.

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Stefen Fangmeier

Stefen Markus Fangmeier (born 9 December 1960 in El Paso, Texas, United States) is an American visual effects supervisor of numerous major feature films, including Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events, Saving Private Ryan, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Twister, Perfect Storm and Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World.

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Stephen McPhail

Stephen John Paul McPhail (born 9 December 1979) is an Irish former footballer who is currently sporting director of Shamrock Rovers in the League of Ireland Premier Division.

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Steve Taylor

Roland Stephen "Steve" Taylor (born December 9, 1957), is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, music executive, film maker, and actor.

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Subsequent Nuremberg trials

The subsequent Nuremberg trials (formally the Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals) were a series of twelve U.S. military tribunals for war crimes against members of the leadership of Nazi Germany, held in the Palace of Justice, Nuremberg, after World War II from 1946 to 1949 following the Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal.

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Sunningdale Agreement

The Sunningdale Agreement was an attempt to establish a power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive and a cross-border Council of Ireland.

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Susan Bullock

Susan Margaret Bullock CBE (born 9 December 1958 in Cheshire) is a British soprano.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Sylvia (singer)

Sylvia Jane Hutton (née Kirby, born December 9, 1956), known simply by her first name Sylvia during the 1980s, is an American country music and country pop singer and songwriter.

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Tabitha Babbitt

Sarah "Tabitha" Babbitt (December 9, 1779 – December 10, 1853) was an early American Shaker tool maker and inventor, including inventions for the circular saw, spinning wheel head, and false teeth.

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Tamilla Abbasova

Tamilla Rashidovna Abassova (Tamilla Rəşid qızı Abbasova; Тамилла Рашидовна Абасова) born 9 December 1982 in Moscow) is a Russian racing cyclist who won the silver medal in the women's sprint event at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and the silver medal at the 2005 UCI Track Cycling World Championships in the same event. She is of mixed Azerbaijani-Russian descent, and a practicing Baptist.

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Tanganyika

Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964.

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Tanganyika (territory)

Tanganyika was a territory administered by the United Kingdom (UK) from 1916 until 1961.

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Tanzania

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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Teofilo Folengo

Teofilo Folengo (November 8, 1491 – December 9, 1544), who wrote under the pseudonym of Merlino Coccajo or Merlinus Coccaius, was one of the principal Italian macaronic poets.

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Tepeyac

Tepeyac or the Hill of Tepeyac, historically known by the names "Tepeyacac" and "Tepeaquilla", is located inside Gustavo A. Madero, the northernmost delegación or borough of the Mexican Federal District.

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Terry Moran

Terence Patrick "Terry" Moran (born December 9, 1959) is an American journalist, formerly the co-anchor of the ABC-TV network news show Nightline.

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Texas Revolution

The Texas Revolution (October 2, 1835 – April 21, 1836) was a rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos (Texas Mexicans) in putting up armed resistance to the centralist government of Mexico.

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Texian Army

The Texian Army, also known as the Army of Texas and the Army of the People, was a military organization consisting of volunteer and regular soldiers who fought against the Mexican army during the Texas Revolution.

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The Mother of All Demos

"The Mother of All Demos" is a name retroactively applied to a landmark computer demonstration, given at the Association for Computing Machinery / Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (ACM/IEEE)—Computer Society's Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco, which was presented by Douglas Engelbart on 9 December, 1968.

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Thomas Andrews (scientist)

Thomas Andrews FRS FRSE (19 December 1813 – 26 November 1885) was an Irish chemist and physicist who did important work on phase transitions between gases and liquids.

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Tim Moore (comedian)

Tim Moore (December 9, 1887 – December 13, 1958) was an American vaudevillian and comic actor of the first half of the 20th century.

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Tip O'Neill

Thomas Phillip "Tip" O'Neill Jr.

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Tom Daschle

Thomas Andrew Daschle (born December 9, 1947) is a retired American politician and lobbyist who served as a United States Senator from South Dakota from 1987 to 2005.

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Tom Kite

Thomas Oliver Kite, Jr. (born December 9, 1949) is an American professional golfer and golf course architect.

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Toni Cade Bambara

Toni Cade Bambara, born Miltona Mirkin CadeYoo, Jiwon Amy,, Blackpast.org.

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Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810

Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810 was a Canadair North Star on a scheduled flight from Vancouver to Calgary (continuing to Regina, Winnipeg, and Toronto).

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Tré Cool

Frank Edwin Wright III (born December 9, 1972), known professionally as Tré Cool, is an American musician, drummer and composer, best known as the drummer for the punk rock band Green Day.

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Ubbo Emmius

Ubbo Emmius (5 December 1547 – 9 December 1625) was a German historian and geographer.

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Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.

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Unified Task Force

The Unified Task Force (UNITAF) was a US-led, United Nations-sanctioned multinational force, which operated in Somalia between 5 December 1992 – 4 May 1993.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United States Bureau of Mines

For most of the 20th century, the United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) was the primary United States government agency conducting scientific research and disseminating information on the extraction, processing, use, and conservation of mineral resources.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War

The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War was a government panel in Washington during the American Civil War whose most controversial function was to investigate the cause of Union battle losses.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

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University of Chicago

The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.

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V. Dakshinamoorthy

Venkateswaran Dakshinamoorthy (9 December 1919 – 2 August 2013) was a veteran carnatic musician and composer and music director of Malayalam, Tamil and Hindi films, predominantly in Malayalam films.

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Vaišvilkas

Vaišelga or Vaišvilkas (also spelled as Vojszalak, Vojšalk, Vaišalgas; killed on December 9, 1268) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania (1264–1267).

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Vénuste Niyongabo

Vénuste Niyongabo (born December 9, 1973) is a Burundian former middle-distance runner.

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Vigan

(Siudad ti Vigan; Lungsod ng Vigan.; Local pronunciation), officially the, is a component settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Vincent Gardenia

Vincent Gardenia (born Vincenzo Scognamiglio; January 7, 1920 – December 9, 1992) was an Italian-American stage, film, and television actor.

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Vincenzo Coronelli

Vincenzo Coronelli (August 16, 1650 – December 9, 1718) was a Franciscan friar, cosmographer, cartographer, publisher, and encyclopedist known in particular for his atlases and globes.

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Virginia

Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.

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Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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Walter Liggett

Walter William Liggett (February 14, 1886 – December 9, 1935), was an American journalist who worked at several newspapers in New York City, including the New York Times, The Sun, New York Post, and the New York Daily News.

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War of Attrition

The War of Attrition (حرب الاستنزاف Ḥarb al-Istinzāf, מלחמת ההתשה Milhemet haHatashah) involved fighting between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, PLO and their allies from 1967 to 1970.

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Weird Tales

Weird Tales is an American fantasy and horror fiction pulp magazine founded by J. C. Henneberger and J. M. Lansinger in March 1923.

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Wendy Dillinger

Wendy Dillinger (born December 9, 1974 in St. Charles, Missouri) is an American from professional soccer player and coach.

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West Bank

The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, the bulk of it now under Israeli control, or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control.

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Wil Besseling

Wil Besseling (born 9 December 1985) is a Dutch professional golfer.

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William A. Wellman

William Augustus Wellman (February 29, 1896 – December 9, 1975) was an American film director notable for his work in crime, adventure and action genre films, often focusing on aviation themes, a particular passion.

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William Lipscomb

William Nunn Lipscomb Jr. (December 9, 1919April 14, 2011) was a Nobel Prize-winning American inorganic and organic chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry.

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William P. Rogers

William Pierce Rogers (June 23, 1913 – January 2, 2001) was an American politician, diplomat, and lawyer.

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William Reynolds (actor)

William de Clerq Reynolds (born December 9, 1931) is a retired American actor.

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William Watson (priest)

William Watson (c. 23 April 1559 – 9 December 1603) was an English Roman Catholic priest and conspirator, executed for treason.

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William Whiston

William Whiston (9 December 1667 – 22 August 1752) was an English theologian, historian, and mathematician, a leading figure in the popularisation of the ideas of Isaac Newton.

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World B. Free

World B. Free (born Lloyd Bernard Free on December 9, 1953) is an American retired professional basketball player who played in the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1975 to 1988.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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YMCA

The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), often simply called the Y, is a worldwide organization based in Geneva, Switzerland, with more than 58 million beneficiaries from 125 national associations.

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Yolande de Polastron

Yolande Martine Gabrielle de Polastron, Duchess of Polignac (8 September 17499 December 1793) was the favourite of Marie Antoinette, whom she first met when she was presented at the Palace of Versailles in 1775, the year after Marie Antoinette became the Queen of France.

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Yun Chi-ho

Yun Chi-ho (Korean: 윤치호, hanja: 尹致昊, 1864 – 1945) was an important political activist and thinker during the late 1800s and early 1900s in Joseon Korea.

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Yury Glazkov

Yury Nikolayevich Glazkov (Ю́рий Никола́евич Глазко́в; 2 October 1939 – 9 December 2008) was a Soviet Air Force officer and a cosmonaut.

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1048

Year 1048 (MXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1117

Year 1117 (MCXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1165

Year 1165 (MCLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1242

Year 1242 (MCCXLII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1268

Year 1268 (MCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1299

Year 1299 (MCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1392

Year 1392 (MCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1425

Year 1425 (MCDXXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1437

Year 1437 (MCDXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1447

Year 1447 (MCDXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1482

Year 1482 (MCDLXXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1493

Year 1493 (MCDXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1508

Year 1508 (MDVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1531

Year 1531 (MDXXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1544

No description.

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1561

Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1565

Year 1565 (MDLXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1571

Year 1571 (MDLXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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1579

Year 1579 (MDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

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1594

No description.

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1603

No description.

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1608

No description.

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1610

Some have suggested that 1610 may mark the beginning of the Anthropocene, or the 'Age of Man', marking a fundamental change in the relationship between humans and the Earth system, but earlier starting dates (ca. 1000 C.E.) have received broader consensus, based on high resolution pollution records that show the massive impact of human activity on the atmosphere.

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1617

No description.

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1625

No description.

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1636

No description.

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1641

1641 is the generally accepted year of the birth of the modern timepiece.

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1652

No description.

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1667

No description.

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1669

No description.

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1674

No description.

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1688

No description.

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1706

In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Monday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

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1717

No description.

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1718

No description.

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1721

No description.

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1728

No description.

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1745

No description.

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1748

No description.

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1752

In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar.

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1775

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-epic ride.

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1779

No description.

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1787

No description.

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1793

The French Republic introduced the French Revolutionary Calendar starting with the year I.

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1798

No description.

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1806

No description.

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1813

No description.

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1824

No description.

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1830

It is known in European history as a rather tumultuous year with the Revolutions of 1830 in France, Belgium, Poland, Switzerland and Italy.

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1835

No description.

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1837

No description.

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1842

No description.

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1845

No description.

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1850

No description.

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1851

No description.

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1854

No description.

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1856

No description.

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1858

No description.

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1861

No description.

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1867

No description.

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1868

No description.

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1870

No description.

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1871

No description.

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1872

No description.

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1873

No description.

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1875

No description.

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1876

No description.

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1882

No description.

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1883

No description.

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1886

No description.

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1887

No description.

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1889

No description.

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1890

No description.

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1891

No description.

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1892

No description.

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1895

No description.

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1897

No description.

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1898

No description.

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1899

No description.

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1900

As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.

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1901

No description.

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1902

No description.

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1904

No description.

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1905

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).

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1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State

The 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and State (French) was passed by the Chamber of Deputies on 9 December 1905.

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1906

No description.

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1909

No description.

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1911

A highlight was the race for the South Pole.

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1912

No description.

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1914

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.

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1915

Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.

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1916

Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.

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1917

This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.

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1918

This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

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1919

No description.

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1920

No description.

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1922

No description.

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1924

No description.

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1926

No description.

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1927

No description.

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1928

No description.

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1929

This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.

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1930

No description.

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1931

No description.

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1932

No description.

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1933

No description.

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1934

No description.

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1935

No description.

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1937

No description.

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1938

No description.

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1940

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1941

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.

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1942

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1943

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1944

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

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1945

This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

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1946

No description.

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1947

No description.

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1948

No description.

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1949

No description.

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1950

No description.

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1952

No description.

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1953

No description.

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1954

No description.

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1955

No description.

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1956

No description.

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1957

No description.

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1958

No description.

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1959

No description.

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1960

It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.

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1961

As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.

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1962

No description.

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1963

No description.

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1964

No description.

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1965

No description.

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1966

No description.

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1967

No description.

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1968

This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

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1969

The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).

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1970

No description.

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1971

The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.

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1972

Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.

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1973

No description.

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1974

No description.

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1975

It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.

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1976

No description.

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1977

No description.

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1978

No description.

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1979

No description.

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1980

No description.

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1981

No description.

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1982

No description.

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1983

The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.

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1984

No description.

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1985

The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

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1987

No description.

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1988

In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).

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1990

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.

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1991

It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.

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1992

1992 was designated as.

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1993

No description.

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1995

This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.

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1996

1996 was designated as.

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1998

1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.

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19th Operations Group

The 19th Operations Group (19 OG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 19th Airlift Wing, stationed at Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas.

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2000

2000 was designated as.

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2001

2001 was designated as.

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2002

2002 was designated as.

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2003

2003 was designated the.

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2003 Red Square bombing

The 2003 Red Square bombing was the 9 December 2003 suicide bombing on Mohovaja street in Moscow.

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2005

2005 was designated as.

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2006

2006 was designated as.

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2007

2007 was designated as.

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2008

2008 was designated as.

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2009

2009 was designated as.

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2010

2010 was designated as.

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2012

2012 was designated as.

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2013

2013 was designated as.

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2013 Bintaro train crash

The Bintaro rail crash occurred on 9 December 2013 when a train crashed into a Pertamina gasoline tanker at a railroad crossing in Bintaro on Monday morning, causing at least one female-only carriage to overturn and burst into flames.

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2014

2014 was designated as.

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2015

2015 was designated as.

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2016

2016 was designated as.

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2016 South Korean political scandal

The 2016 South Korean political scandal (박근혜·최순실 게이트) involves the influence of Choi Soon-sil, the daughter of a shaman-esque cult leader Choi Tae-min, over President Park Geun-hye.

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2017

2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.

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480

Year 480 (CDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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536

Year 536 (DXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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638

Year 638 (DCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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730

Year 730 (DCCXXX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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748

Year 748 (DCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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933

Year 933 (CMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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Redirects here:

9 December, 9th December, 9th december, Dec 09, Dec 9, Dec 9th, December 09, December 9th.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_9

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