55 relations: Ageing, Alzheimer's disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Atherosclerosis, Cancer, Cardiovascular disease, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Chronic traumatic encephalopathy, Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, Cystic fibrosis, Cytochrome c oxidase, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Disease, Ehlers–Danlos syndromes, Essential tremor, Exercise, Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, Friedreich's ataxia, Huntington's disease, Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy, Infection, Inflammatory bowel disease, Keratoconus, Keratoglobus, Leigh syndrome, Leukodystrophy, Life extension, Macular degeneration, Marfan syndrome, Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome, Mitochondrial myopathy, Multiple sclerosis, Multiple system atrophy, Muscular dystrophy, Neurodegeneration, Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, Niemann–Pick disease, Organ (anatomy), Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, Progressive disease, Progressive supranuclear palsy, Prostatitis, Pulmonary hypertension, Retinitis pigmentosa, Rheumatoid arthritis, Sandhoff disease, Senescence, ..., Spinal muscular atrophy, Tay–Sachs disease, Tissue (biology), Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, Vascular dementia. Expand index (5 more) » « Shrink index
Ageing or aging (see spelling differences) is the process of becoming older.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND), and Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease which causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies, a group of varied inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system characterized by progressive loss of muscle tissue and touch sensation across various parts of the body.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow.
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease found in people who have had multiple head injuries.
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) is a universally fatal brain disorder.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine.
The enzyme cytochrome c oxidase or Complex IV, is a large transmembrane protein complex found in bacteria, archaea, and in eukaryotes in their mitochondria.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Ehlers–Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of genetic connective tissue disorders.
Essential tremor (ET, also referred to as benign tremor, familial tremor, or idiopathic tremor) is a progressive neurological disorder that is also the most common movement disorder.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare connective tissue disease.
Friedreich's ataxia is an autosomal recessive inherited disease that causes progressive damage to the nervous system.
Huntington's disease (HD), also known as Huntington's chorea, is an inherited disorder that results in death of brain cells.
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy is a rare pervasive developmental disorder that primarily affects the nervous system.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine.
Keratoconus (KC) is a disorder of the eye which results in progressive thinning of the cornea.
Keratoglobus (from Greek: kerato- horn, cornea; and Latin: globus round), is a degenerative non-inflammatory disorder of the eye in which structural changes within the cornea cause it to become extremely thin and change to a more globular shape than its normal gradual curve.
Leigh syndrome (also called Leigh disease and subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy) is an under-recognized inherited neurometabolic disorder that affects the central nervous system.
Leukodystrophy is one of a group of disorders characterized by degeneration of the white matter in the brain.
Life extension science, also known as anti-aging medicine, indefinite life extension, experimental gerontology, and biomedical gerontology, is the study of slowing down or reversing the processes of aging to extend both the maximum and average lifespan.
Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD), is a medical condition which may result in blurred or no vision in the center of the visual field.
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue.
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS or MDDS) is any of a group of autosomal recessive disorders that cause a significant drop in mitochondrial DNA in affected tissues.
Mitochondrial myopathies are types of myopathies associated with mitochondrial disease.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA), also known as Shy–Drager syndrome, is a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by tremors, slow movement, muscle rigidity, and postural instability (collectively known as parkinsonism) due to dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, and ataxia.
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles over time.
Neurodegeneration is the progressive loss of structure or function of neurons, including death of neurons.
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) is the general name for a family of at least eight genetically separate neurodegenerative disorders that result from excessive accumulation of lipopigments (lipofuscin) in the body's tissues.
Niemann–Pick disease is a group of inherited, severe metabolic disorders in which sphingomyelin accumulates in lysosomes in cells.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Progressive disease or progressive illness is a disease or physical ailment whose course in most cases is the worsening, growth, or spread of the disease.
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP; or the Steele–Richardson–Olszewski syndrome, after the doctors who described it in 1963) is a degenerative disease involving the gradual deterioration and death of specific volumes of the brain.
Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland.
Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs.
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetic disorder of the eyes that causes loss of vision.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.
Sandhoff disease, also known as Sandhoff–Jatzkewitz disease, variant 0 of GM2-Gangliosidosis or Hexosaminidase A and B deficiency, is a lysosomal genetic, lipid storage disorder caused by the inherited deficiency to create functional beta-hexosaminidases A and B. These catabolic enzymes are needed to degrade the neuronal membrane components, ganglioside GM2, its derivative GA2, the glycolipid globoside in visceral tissues, and some oligosaccharides.
Senescence or biological ageing is the gradual deterioration of function characteristic of most complex lifeforms, arguably found in all biological kingdoms, that on the level of the organism increases mortality after maturation.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterised by loss of motor neurons and progressive muscle wasting, often leading to early death.
Tay–Sachs disease is a genetic disorder that results in the destruction of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), also known as prion diseases, are a group of progressive, invariably fatal, conditions that affect the brain (encephalopathies) and nervous system of many animals, including humans.
Vascular dementia, also known as multi-infarct dementia (MID) and vascular cognitive impairment (VCI), is dementia caused by problems in the supply of blood to the brain, typically a series of minor strokes, leading to worsening cognitive decline that occurs step by step.