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Dehydration

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In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes. [1]

45 relations: Appetite, Athlete, Blood plasma, Body water, Breathing, Cerebral edema, Cholera, Competition, Confusion, Decompression sickness, Diarrhea, Diuresis, Dryness (medical), Electrolyte, Epileptic seizure, Ethanol, Fatigue, Fluid replacement, Free water clearance, Fresh water, Headache, Homeostasis, Hypernatremia, Hypovolemia, Intensive care medicine, Intravenous therapy, Lysis, Management of dehydration, Metabolism, Oral rehydration therapy, Perspiration, Red blood cell, Respiratory tract, Seawater, Skin, Syncope (medicine), Terminal dehydration, Thirst, Tonicity, Unconsciousness, Underwater diving, Urination, Urine, Vomiting, Xerostomia.

Appetite

Appetite is the desire to eat food, sometimes due to hunger.

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Athlete

An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.

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Blood plasma

Blood plasma is a yellowish coloured liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension; this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells.

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Body water

In physiology, body water is the water content of an animal body that is contained in the tissues, the blood, the bones and elsewhere.

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Breathing

Breathing (or respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide.

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Cerebral edema

Cerebral edema is excess accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain.

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Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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Competition

Competition is, in general, a contest or rivalry between two or more entities, organisms, animals, individuals, economic groups or social groups, etc., for territory, a niche, for scarce resources, goods, for mates, for prestige, recognition, for awards, for group or social status, or for leadership and profit.

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Confusion

Confusion (from Latin confusĭo, -ōnis, from confundere: "to pour together;" "to mingle together;" "to confuse") is the state of being bewildered or unclear in one’s mind about something.

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Decompression sickness

Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends, aerobullosis, or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.

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Diarrhea

Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

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Diuresis

Diuresis is increased urination and the physiologic process that produces such an increase.

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Dryness (medical)

Dryness is a medical condition in which there is local or more generalized decrease in normal lubrication of the skin or mucous membranes.

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Electrolyte

An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.

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Epileptic seizure

An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.

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Ethanol

Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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Fatigue

Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.

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Fluid replacement

Fluid replacement or fluid resuscitation is the medical practice of replenishing bodily fluid lost through sweating, bleeding, fluid shifts or other pathologic processes.

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Free water clearance

In the physiology of the kidney, free water clearance (CH2O) is the volume of blood plasma that is cleared of solute-free water per unit time.

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Fresh water

Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.

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Headache

Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.

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Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.

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Hypernatremia

Hypernatremia, also spelled hypernatraemia, is a high concentration of sodium in the blood.

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Hypovolemia

Hypovolemia is a state of decreased blood volume; more specifically, decrease in volume of blood plasma.

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Intensive care medicine

Intensive care medicine, or critical care medicine, is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that may require sophisticated life support and monitoring.

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Intravenous therapy

Intravenous therapy (IV) is a therapy that delivers liquid substances directly into a vein (intra- + ven- + -ous).

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Lysis

Lysis (Greek λύσις lýsis, "a loosing" from λύειν lýein, "to unbind") refers to the breaking down of the membrane of a cell, often by viral, enzymic, or osmotic (that is, "lytic") mechanisms that compromise its integrity.

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Management of dehydration

The management of dehydration typically involves the use of oral rehydration solution (ORS).

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Metabolism

Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.

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Oral rehydration therapy

Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is a type of fluid replacement used to prevent and treat dehydration, especially that due to diarrhea.

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Perspiration

Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.

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Red blood cell

Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.

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Respiratory tract

In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.

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Seawater

Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.

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Skin

Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.

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Syncope (medicine)

Syncope, also known as fainting, is a loss of consciousness and muscle strength characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery.

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Terminal dehydration

Terminal dehydration is dehydration to the point of death, potentially as a suicide method.

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Thirst

Thirst is the craving for fluids, resulting in the basic instinct of animals to drink.

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Tonicity

Tonicity is a measure of the effective osmotic pressure gradient, as defined by the water potential of two solutions separated by a semipermeable membrane.

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Unconsciousness

Unconsciousness is a state which occurs when the ability to maintain an awareness of self and environment is lost.

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Underwater diving

Underwater diving, as a human activity, is the practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment.

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Urination

Urination is the release of urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.

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Urine

Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.

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Vomiting

Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.

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Xerostomia

Xerostomia, also known as dry mouth and dry mouth syndrome, is dryness in the mouth, which may be associated with a change in the composition of saliva, or reduced salivary flow, or have no identifiable cause.

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Dehydrate, Dehydrated, Dehydrated., Dehydrates, Dehydrating, Deprivation of water, Hydropenia, Hypohydration, Hyponatraemic dehydration, Rehydrated, Skin turgor, Symptoms of dehydration, Water deprivation.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dehydration

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