89 relations: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Addison's disease, Agraphia, Alcohol abuse, Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, Amnesia, Anomic aphasia, Anticholinergic, Antipsychotic, Astrocyte, Attention, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Atypical antipsychotic, Benzodiazepine, Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, Bipolar disorder, Cancer, CD68, Cerebrovascular disease, Charles Dickens, Circadian rhythm, Citicoline, Cognition, Confusion, Consciousness, Cortisol, Critical Care Clinics, Delusion, Dementia, Dementia with Lewy bodies, Depersonalization disorder, Depression (mood), Developmental disability, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Donepezil, Drug withdrawal, Electroencephalography, Emotional dysregulation, Executive dysfunction, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Hallucination, Hallucinogen, Haloperidol, Heart failure, Hip fracture, Hippocampus, HLA-DR, Huntington's disease, ..., Hypercalcaemia, Hyperthyroidism, Intensive care unit, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Magnetic resonance imaging, Major depressive disorder, Malnutrition, Medical terminology, Memory, Mental disorder, Methylprednisolone, Microglia, Mood disorder, Myocardial infarction, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, Olanzapine, Opioid, Organic brain syndrome, Orientation (mental), Parkinson's disease, Philip Barrow, Pneumonia, Project Gutenberg, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Quetiapine, Risperidone, Schizophrenia, Sepsis, Septic shock, Sleep disorder, Somatostatin, Symptom, Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, The Pickwick Papers, Thought disorder, Trazodone, Urinary tract infection. Expand index (39 more) » « Shrink index
An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (often abbreviated AChEI) or anti-cholinesterase is a chemical or a drug that inhibits the acetylcholinesterase enzyme from breaking down acetylcholine, thereby increasing both the level and duration of action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a medical condition occurring in critically ill or critically wounded patients characterized by widespread inflammation in the lungs.
Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism, is a long-term endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough steroid hormones.
Agraphia is an acquired neurological disorder causing a loss in the ability to communicate through writing, either due to some form of motor dysfunction or an inability to spell.
Alcohol abuse is a previous psychiatric diagnosis in which there is recurring harmful use of alcohol despite its negative consequences.
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a set of symptoms that can occur following a reduction in alcohol use after a period of excessive use.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.
Amnesia is a deficit in memory caused by brain damage, disease, or psychological trauma.
Anomic aphasia (also known as dysnomia, nominal aphasia, and amnesic aphasia) is a mild, fluent type of aphasia where an individual has word retrieval failures and cannot express the words they want to say (particularly nouns and verbs).
An anticholinergic agent is a substance that blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the central and the peripheral nervous system.
Antipsychotics, also known as neuroleptics or major tranquilizers, are a class of medication primarily used to manage psychosis (including delusions, hallucinations, paranoia or disordered thought), principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Astrocytes (Astro from Greek astron.
Attention, also referred to as enthrallment, is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether deemed subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.
The atypical antipsychotics (AAP; also known as second generation antipsychotics (SGAs)) are a group of antipsychotic drugs (antipsychotic drugs in general are also known as major tranquilizers and neuroleptics, although the latter is usually reserved for the typical antipsychotics) used to treat psychiatric conditions.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome—often abbreviated to benzo withdrawal—is the cluster of symptoms that emerge when a person who has taken benzodiazepines, either medically or recreationally, and has developed a physical dependence undergoes dosage reduction or discontinuation.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
CD68 ('''C'''luster of '''D'''ifferentiation 68) is a protein highly expressed by cells in the monocyte lineage (e.g., monocytic phagocytes, osteoclasts), by circulating macrophages, and by tissue macrophages (e.g., Kupffer cells, microglia).
Cerebrovascular disease includes a variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain and the cerebral circulation.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
A circadian rhythm is any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours.
Citicoline (INN), also known as cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-Choline) or cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine is an intermediate in the generation of phosphatidylcholine from choline, a common biochemical process in cell membranes.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Confusion (from Latin confusĭo, -ōnis, from confundere: "to pour together;" "to mingle together;" "to confuse") is the state of being bewildered or unclear in one’s mind about something.
Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones.
Critical Care Clinics is a quarterly peer-reviewed medical journal covering intensive care medicine.
A delusion is a mistaken belief that is held with strong conviction even in the presence of superior evidence to the contrary.
Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a type of dementia accompanied by changes in behavior, cognition and movement.
Depersonalization disorder (DPD), also known as depersonalization/derealization disorder, is a mental disorder in which the person has persistent or recurrent feelings of depersonalization or derealization.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Developmental disability is a diverse group of chronic conditions that are due to mental or physical impairments that arise before adulthood.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
Donepezil, marketed under the trade name Aricept, is a medication used in the palliative treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.
Electroencephalography (EEG) is an electrophysiological monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain.
Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a term used in the mental health community to refer to an emotional response that is poorly modulated, and does not fall within the conventionally accepted range of emotive response.
In psychology and neuroscience, executive dysfunction, or executive function deficit, is a disruption to the efficacy of the executive functions, which is a group of cognitive processes that regulate, control, and manage other cognitive processes.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) measures brain activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow.
A hallucination is a perception in the absence of external stimulus that has qualities of real perception.
A hallucinogen is a psychoactive agent which can cause hallucinations, perceptual anomalies, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness.
Haloperidol, marketed under the trade name Haldol among others, is a typical antipsychotic medication.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
A hip fracture is a break that occurs in the upper part of the femur (thigh bone).
The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.
HLA-DR is an MHC class II cell surface receptor encoded by the human leukocyte antigen complex on chromosome 6 region 6p21.31.
Huntington's disease (HD), also known as Huntington's chorea, is an inherited disorder that results in death of brain cells.
Hypercalcaemia, also spelled hypercalcemia, is a high calcium (Ca2+) level in the blood serum.
Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.
Intensive care unit An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Medical terminology is language used to precisely describe the human body including its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Methylprednisolone, sold under the brand names Depo-Medrol and Solu-Medrol among others, is a corticosteroid medication used to suppress the immune system and decrease inflammation.
Microglia are a type of neuroglia (glial cell) located throughout the brain and spinal cord.
Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health in the United Kingdom, which publishes guidelines in four areas.
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening reaction that occasionally occurs in response to neuroleptic or antipsychotic medication.
Olanzapine (originally branded Zyprexa) is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.
An organic brain syndrome (OBS), also known as an organic brain disease/disorder (OBD), an organic mental syndrome (OMS), or an organic mental disorder (OMD), is a syndrome or disorder of mental function whose cause is alleged to be known as organic (physiologic) rather than purely of the mind.
Orientation is a function of the mind involving awareness of three dimensions: time, place and person.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Philip Barrow or Barrough (fl. 1590) was an English medical writer.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that results in difficulties telling what is real and what is not.
Quetiapine, marketed as Seroquel among other names, is an atypical antipsychotic used for the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder.
Risperidone, sold under the trade name Risperdal among others, is an antipsychotic medication.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs.
Septic shock is a serious medical condition that occurs when sepsis, which is organ injury or damage in response to infection, leads to dangerously low blood pressure and abnormalities in cellular metabolism.
A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal.
Somatostatin, also known as growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH) or by several other names, is a peptide hormone that regulates the endocrine system and affects neurotransmission and cell proliferation via interaction with G protein-coupled somatostatin receptors and inhibition of the release of numerous secondary hormones.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is characterized by excessive unsuppressible release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) either from the posterior pituitary gland, or an abnormal non-pituitary source.
The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club (also known as The Pickwick Papers) was Charles Dickens's first novel.
Thought disorder (TD) or formal thought disorder (FTD) refers to disorganized thinking as evidenced by disorganized speech.
Trazodone, sold under many brand names worldwide, Page accessed Feb 10, 2016 is an antidepressant medication.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract.
Acute confusion, Acute confusional state, Cognitive impairments, Deliriousness, Hospital delirium, ICU Delirium, ICU delirium, ICU psychosis, Impaired cognition, Post-Operative Cognitive Dysfunction, Postoperative cognitive deficit, Servangio, Substance-induced delirium, Toxic confusional state.