40 relations: Accumulator (computing), Adder (electronics), Amplifier, Amplitude, Analog signal, Analog-to-digital converter, Anti-aliasing filter, Class-D amplifier, Comparator, Delta (letter), Delta modulation, Digital signal, Digital signal (signal processing), Digital-to-analog converter, Dirac delta function, Flip-flop (electronics), Frequency synthesizer, Homogeneous function, Integral, Linearity, Low-pass filter, Motor controller, Noise (electronics), Noise shaping, Nyquist rate, Op amp integrator, Oversampling, Pulse-code modulation, Pulse-density modulation, Pulse-frequency modulation, Pulse-width modulation, Quantization (signal processing), Root mean square, Sampling (signal processing), Sigma, Signal-to-noise ratio, Super Audio CD, Switched-mode power supply, Time-division multiplexing, Voltage.
In a computer's central processing unit (CPU), an accumulator is a register in which intermediate arithmetic and logic results are stored.
An adder is a digital circuit that performs addition of numbers.
An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that can increase the power of a signal (a time-varying voltage or current).
The amplitude of a periodic variable is a measure of its change over a single period (such as time or spatial period).
An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.
In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC, A/D, or A-to-D) is a system that converts an analog signal, such as a sound picked up by a microphone or light entering a digital camera, into a digital signal.
An anti-aliasing filter (AAF) is a filter used before a signal sampler to restrict the bandwidth of a signal to approximately or completely satisfy the sampling theorem over the band of interest.
A class-D amplifier or switching amplifier is an electronic amplifier in which the amplifying devices (transistors, usually MOSFETs) operate as electronic switches, and not as linear gain devices as in other amplifiers.
In electronics, a comparator is a device that compares two voltages or currents and outputs a digital signal indicating which is larger.
Delta (uppercase Δ, lowercase δ or 𝛿; δέλτα délta) is the fourth letter of the Greek alphabet.
A delta modulation (DM or Δ-modulation) is an analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog signal conversion technique used for transmission of voice information where quality is not of primary importance.
A digital signal is a signal that is being used to represent data as a sequence of discrete values; at any given time it can only take on one of a finite number of values.
In the context of digital signal processing (DSP), a digital signal is a discrete-time signal for which not only the time but also the amplitude has discrete values; in other words, its samples take on only values from a discrete set (a countable set that can be mapped one-to-one to a subset of integers).
In electronics, a digital-to-analog converter (DAC, D/A, D2A, or D-to-A) is a system that converts a digital signal into an analog signal.
In mathematics, the Dirac delta function (function) is a generalized function or distribution introduced by the physicist Paul Dirac.
In electronics, a flip-flop or latch is a circuit that has two stable states and can be used to store state information.
A frequency synthesizer is an electronic circuit that generates a range of frequencies from a single reference frequency.
In mathematics, a homogeneous function is one with multiplicative scaling behaviour: if all its arguments are multiplied by a factor, then its value is multiplied by some power of this factor.
In mathematics, an integral assigns numbers to functions in a way that can describe displacement, area, volume, and other concepts that arise by combining infinitesimal data.
Linearity is the property of a mathematical relationship or function which means that it can be graphically represented as a straight line.
A low-pass filter (LPF) is a filter that passes signals with a frequency lower than a certain cutoff frequency and attenuates signals with frequencies higher than the cutoff frequency.
A motor controller is a device or group of devices that serves to govern in some predetermined manner the performance of an electric motor.
In electronics, noise is an unwanted disturbance in an electrical signal.
Noise shaping is a technique typically used in digital audio, image, and video processing, usually in combination with dithering, as part of the process of quantization or bit-depth reduction of a digital signal.
In signal processing, the Nyquist rate, named after Harry Nyquist, is twice the bandwidth of a bandlimited function or a bandlimited channel.
The operational amplifier integrator is an electronic integration circuit.
In signal processing, oversampling is the process of sampling a signal with a sampling frequency significantly higher than the Nyquist rate.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
Pulse-density modulation, or PDM, is a form of modulation used to represent an analog signal with a binary signal.
Pulse-Frequency Modulation (PFM) is a modulation method for representing an analog signal using only two levels (1 and 0).
Pulse-width modulation (PWM), or pulse-duration modulation (PDM), is a modulation technique used to encode a message into a pulsing signal.
Quantization, in mathematics and digital signal processing, is the process of mapping input values from a large set (often a continuous set) to output values in a (countable) smaller set.
In statistics and its applications, the root mean square (abbreviated RMS or rms) is defined as the square root of the mean square (the arithmetic mean of the squares of a set of numbers).
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.
Sigma (upper-case Σ, lower-case σ, lower-case in word-final position ς; σίγμα) is the eighteenth letter of the Greek alphabet.
Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.
Super Audio CD (SACD) is a read-only optical disc for audio storage, introduced in 1999.
A switched-mode power supply (switching-mode power supply, switch-mode power supply, switched power supply, SMPS, or switcher) is an electronic power supply that incorporates a switching regulator to convert electrical power efficiently.
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is a method of transmitting and receiving independent signals over a common signal path by means of synchronized switches at each end of the transmission line so that each signal appears on the line only a fraction of time in an alternating pattern.
Voltage, electric potential difference, electric pressure or electric tension (formally denoted or, but more often simply as V or U, for instance in the context of Ohm's or Kirchhoff's circuit laws) is the difference in electric potential between two points.
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