65 relations: Angara (rocket family), Apollo program, Ariane 5, Atlas V, Boilerplate (spaceflight), Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 37, Cavitation, Common Booster Core, Comparison of orbital launch systems, Comparison of orbital rocket engines, Comparison of space station cargo vehicles, Defense Support Program, Delta Cryogenic Second Stage, Delta IV, DemoSat, Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle, Exploration Flight Test 1, Falcon Heavy, Geostationary transfer orbit, Geosynchronous orbit, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III, Graphite-Epoxy Motor, Heavy-lift launch vehicle, Heliocentric orbit, KH-11 Kennen, Liquid hydrogen, Liquid oxygen, Liquid rocket booster, List of NRO launches, List of USA satellites, Long March 5, Low Earth orbit, NASA, National Launch System, National Reconnaissance Office, New Glenn, Orion (satellite), Orion (spacecraft), Parker Solar Probe, Proton-M, Ralphie (satellite), Reconnaissance satellite, RL10, Rocket, RS-68, Saturn IB, Saturn V, Sea level, Solid-propellant rocket, ..., SpaceX, Sparkie (satellite), Titan (rocket family), Titan IV, Trans-lunar injection, United Launch Alliance, USA-202, USA-223, USA-224, USA-245, Vacuum, Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Vulcan (rocket), 3 Corner Satellite. Expand index (15 more) » « Shrink index
The Angara rocket family is a family of space-launch vehicles being developed by the Moscow-based Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
Atlas V ("V" is pronounced "Five") is an expendable launch system in the Atlas rocket family.
A boilerplate spacecraft, also known as a mass simulator, is a nonfunctional craft or payload that is used to test various configurations and basic size, load, and handling characteristics of rocket launch vehicles.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 37 (SLC-37), previously Launch Complex 37 (LC-37), is a launch complex on Cape Canaveral, Florida. Construction began in 1959 and the site was accepted by NASA to support the Saturn I program in 1963. The complex consists of two launch pads. LC-37A has never been used, but LC-37B launched unmanned Saturn I flights (1964 to 1965) and was modified and launched Saturn IB flights (1966 to 1968), including the first (unmanned) test of the Apollo Lunar Module in space. It was deactivated in 1972. In 2001 it was modified as the launch site for Delta IV, a launch system operated by United Launch Alliance. The original layout of the launch complex featured one Mobile Service Structure which could be used to service or mate a rocket on either LC-37A or 37B, but not on both simultaneously. The Delta IV Mobile Service Tower is tall, and fitted to service all Delta IV configurations, including the Delta IV Heavy.
Cavitation is the formation of vapour cavities in a liquid, small liquid-free zones ("bubbles" or "voids"), that are the consequence of forces acting upon the liquid.
The Common Booster Core (CBC) is an American rocket stage, which is used on the Delta IV rocket as part of a modular rocket system.
This is a comparison of orbital launch systems.
This page is an incomplete list of orbital rocket engine data.
A number of different spacecraft have been used to carry cargo to and from space stations.
Supply support for what was known as the 1st Communications Squadron at Buckley Air National Guard Base in early 1970 was provided by Operating Location AB of the 4600/Supply Squadron and 2 personnel from Space Command.
The Delta Cryogenic Second Stage (DCSS) is a family of cryogenic rocket stages used on the Delta III & Delta IV rockets, and which is planned to be used on the Block I Space Launch System.
Delta IV is an expendable launch system in the Delta rocket family.
A DemoSat is a boilerplate spacecraft used to test a carrier rocket without risking a real satellite on the launch.
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) is an expendable launch system program of the United States Air Force (USAF), intended to assure access to space for Department of Defense and other United States government payloads.
Exploration Flight Test 1 or EFT-1 (previously known as Orion Flight Test 1 or OFT-1) was the first test flight of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle.
Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable heavy-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
A geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) is a Hohmann transfer orbit—an elliptical orbit used to transfer between two circular orbits of different radii in the same plane—used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high-thrust chemical engines.
A geosynchronous orbit (sometimes abbreviated GSO) is an orbit around Earth of a satellite with an orbital period that matches Earth's rotation on its axis, which takes one sidereal day (23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4 seconds).
The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV-III), also referred to as the Launch Vehicle Mark 3 (LVM3) is a three-stage medium-lift launch vehicle developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
A Graphite-Epoxy Motor (GEM) is a solid-fuel rocket motor (SRM) produced by Orbital ATK (Formerly Alliant Techsystems) with an epoxy composite casing.
A heavy-lift launch vehicle, HLV or HLLV, is an orbital launch vehicle capable of lifting between 20,000 to 50,000 kg to low Earth orbit (LEO).
A heliocentric orbit (also called circumsolar orbit) is an orbit around the barycenter of the Solar System, which is usually located within or very near the surface of the Sun.
The KH-11 KENNEN, renamed CRYSTAL in 1982p.199-200 and according to leaked NRO budget documentation currently going by the codename of Evolved Enhanced CRYSTAL (EEC) (but also referenced by the codenames 1010,p.82 Key Hole and "Key Hole"), is a type of reconnaissance satellite first launched by the American National Reconnaissance Office in December 1976.
Liquid hydrogen (LH2 or LH2) is the liquid state of the element hydrogen.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
A liquid rocket booster (LRB) consists of liquid fuel and oxidiser as booster to give a liquid-propellant rocket or a hybrid rocket an extra boost at take off.
This is a list of NRO Launch (NROL) designations, i.e. satellites operated by the United States National Reconnaissance Office.
This is a list of satellites and spacecraft which have been given USA designations by the United States Air Force.
Long March 5 (LM-5, CZ-5, or Changzheng 5) is a Chinese heavy lift launch system developed by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT).
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Launch System (or New Launch System) was a study authorized in 1991 by President George H. W. Bush to outline alternatives to the Space Shuttle for access to Earth Orbit.
The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is a member of the United States Intelligence Community and an agency of the United States Department of Defense.
The New Glenn is a privately funded orbital launch vehicle in development by Blue Origin.
Orion, also known as Mentor or Advanced Orion, is a class of United States spy satellites that collect signals intelligence (SIGINT) from space.
The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion MPCV) is an American interplanetary spacecraft intended to carry a crew of four astronauts to destinations at or beyond low Earth orbit (LEO).
Parker Solar Probe (previously Solar Probe, Solar Probe Plus, or Solar Probe+) is a planned NASA robotic spacecraft to probe the outer corona of the Sun.
The Proton-M, (Протон-М) GRAU index 8K82M or, is a Russian heavy-lift launch vehicle derived from the Soviet-developed Proton.
Ralphie (or 3CS-2) is a satellite, part of Three Corner Satellite project.
A reconnaissance satellite (commonly, although unofficially, referred to as a spy satellite) is an Earth observation satellite or communications satellite deployed for military or intelligence applications.
The RL10 is a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine used on the Centaur, S-IV, and Delta Cryogenic Second Stage upper stages.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
The Aerojet Rocketdyne (formerly Rocketdyne and later Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne) RS-68 (Rocket System 68) is a liquid-fuel rocket engine that uses liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid oxygen (LOX) as propellants in a gas-generator power cycle.
The Saturn IB (pronounced "one B", also known as the Uprated Saturn I) was an American launch vehicle commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the Apollo program.
The Saturn V (pronounced "Saturn five") was an American human-rated expendable rocket used by NASA between 1967 and 1973.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
A solid-propellant rocket or solid rocket is a rocket with a rocket engine that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer).
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.
Sparkie (or 3CS-1) is a satellite, part of the Three Corner Satellite project.
Titan is a family of United States expendable rockets used between 1959 and 2005.
The Titan IV family (including the IVA and IVB) of rockets were used by the U.S. Air Force.
A trans-lunar injection (TLI) is a propulsive maneuver used to set a spacecraft on a trajectory that will cause it to arrive at the Moon.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) is a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security.
USA 202, previously NRO Launch 26 or NROL-26, is a classified spacecraft which is operated by the United States National Reconnaissance Office.
USA-223, known before launch as NRO Launch 32 (NRO L-32), is an American reconnaissance satellite which was launched in 2010.
USA-224, also known as NRO Launch 49 (NRO L-49), is an American reconnaissance satellite which was launched in 2011.
USA-245 or NRO Launch 65 (NROL-65) is an American reconnaissance satellite which is operated by the National Reconnaissance Office.
Vacuum is space devoid of matter.
Space Launch Complex-6 (SLC-6, pronounced "Slick Six") at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California is a launch pad and support area.
Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base northwest of Lompoc, California.
The Vulcan rocket, also known as the Vulcan Centaur, is an American heavy-payload launch vehicle under development since 2014 by United Launch Alliance (ULA), funded by a public–private partnership with the US government.
Three Corner Satellite (or 3CS, or 3CornerSat) consists of three student-built microsatellites flying in formation.