137 relations: Adolphe Quetelet, Ageing, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Andrey Korotayev, Ansley J. Coale, Anthropology, Aristotle, Augustus De Morgan, Émile Durkheim, Bartholomew of Lucca, Ben Wattenberg, Benjamin Gompertz, Biodemography, Biodemography of human longevity, Birth, Birth rate, Cahiers québécois de démographie, Cato the Elder, Census, China, Cicero, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, Cultural assimilation, Current Population Survey, Death, Decrement table, Demographic analysis, Demographic and Health Surveys, Demographic economics, Demographic statistics, Demographics of the world, Demography (journal), Economics, Edmond Halley, Education, Epictetus, Epicurus, Epidemiology, Ethnic group, European Social Survey, Exponential growth, Fertility, General Social Survey, Geography, German General Social Survey, Global Social Change Research Project, Gompertz function, Gompertz–Makeham law of mortality, ..., Gross reproduction rate, Herodotus, Hippocrates, Historical demography, Historical Social Research, History, Human, Human migration, Human overpopulation, Ibn Khaldun, India, Infant mortality, Institut national d'études démographiques, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Jacques Bertillon, John Bongaarts, John Graunt, Lee–Carter model, Leslie matrix, Life expectancy, Life table, Linguistic demography, Louis Bertillon, Luigi Bodio, Major religious groups, Malthusian catastrophe, Marcus Aurelius, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Medieval demography, Middle Ages, Millennium Cohort Study, Mortality rate, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, Nathan Keyfitz, National Child Development Study, National Longitudinal Surveys, National Security Study Memorandum 200, Nationality, Office of Population Research, Panel Study of Income Dynamics, Parity progression ratios, Paul R. Ehrlich, Phillip Longman, Pierre François Verhulst, Plato, Pliny the Elder, PMA2020, Political demography, Polus, Population, Population and Development Review, Population Association of America, Population biology, Population Council, Population dynamics, Population geography, Population momentum, Population projection, Population reconstruction, Population Reference Bureau, Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan, Proportional hazards model, Protagoras, Religion, Replacement migration, Reproductive health, Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População, Richard Price, Seneca the Younger, Sex ratio, Socio-Economic Panel, Sociology, Statistical hypothesis testing, Sullivan's Index, The Population Bomb, Thomas Robert Malthus, Thucydides, Total fertility rate, Vienna Institute of Demography, Wilhelm Lexis, William Farr, William of Auvergne (bishop), William of Conches, William of Pagula, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, World Values Survey, 1970 British Cohort Study. Expand index (87 more) » « Shrink index
Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet FRSFor FRSE (22 February 1796 – 17 February 1874) was a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist.
Ageing or aging (see spelling differences) is the process of becoming older.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Andrey Vitalievich Korotayev (Андре́й Вита́льевич Корота́ев; born 17 February 1961) is a Russian anthropologist, economic historian, comparative political scientist, demographer and sociologist, with major contributions to world-systems theory, cross-cultural studies, Near Eastern history, Big History, and mathematical modelling of social and economic macrodynamics.
Ansley Johnson Coale (November 14, 1917 – November 5, 2002), was one of America's foremost demographers.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Augustus De Morgan (27 June 1806 – 18 March 1871) was a British mathematician and logician.
David Émile Durkheim (or; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist.
Bartholomew of Lucca, born Bartolomeo Fiadóni, and also known as Tolomeo da Lucca or Ptolemy da Lucca (c. 1236 – c. 1327) was a medieval Italian historian.
Benjamin Joseph Wattenberg (born Joseph Ben Zion Wattenberg;Roberts, Sam,, New York Times, June 29, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-29. August 26, 1933 – June 28, 2015) was an American author, commentator and demographer.
Benjamin Gompertz (5 March 1779 – 14 July 1865) was a British self-educated mathematician and actuary, who became a Fellow of the Royal Society.
Biodemography is the science dealing with the integration of biological theory and demography.
Biodemography is a multidisciplinary approach, integrating biological knowledge (studies on human biology and animal models) with demographic research on human longevity and survival.
Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.
The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.
The Cahiers québécois de démographie (English: Quebec Notebooks of Demography) is a peer-reviewed academic journal publishing original research in areas of demography, demographic analysis, and the demographics of Quebec and other populations.
Cato the Elder (Cato Major; 234–149 BC), born and also known as (Cato Censorius), (Cato Sapiens), and (Cato Priscus), was a Roman senator and historian known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization.
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
The Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, commonly known as CICRED, is a non-governmental organization accredited with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.
Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.
The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of about 60,000 U.S. households conducted by the United States Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
Decrement tables, also called life table methods, are used to calculate the probability of certain events.
Demographic analysis includes the sets of methods that allow us to measure the dimensions and dynamics of populations.
The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program is responsible for collecting and disseminating accurate, nationally representative data on health and population in developing countries.
Demographic economics or population economics is the application of economic analysis to demography, the study of human populations, including size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.
Demographic statistics are measures of the characteristics of, or changes to, a population.
Demographics of the world include population density, ethnicity, education level, health measures, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the human population of the planet Earth.
Demography is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering issues related to population and demography.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (–) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Epictetus (Ἐπίκτητος, Epíktētos; 55 135 AD) was a Greek Stoic philosopher.
Epicurus (Ἐπίκουρος, Epíkouros, "ally, comrade"; 341–270 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher who founded a school of philosophy now called Epicureanism.
Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
The European Social Survey (ESS) is a social scientific endeavour to map the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of the various populations in Europe.
Exponential growth is exhibited when the rate of change—the change per instant or unit of time—of the value of a mathematical function is proportional to the function's current value, resulting in its value at any time being an exponential function of time, i.e., a function in which the time value is the exponent.
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.
The General Social Survey (GSS) is a sociological survey created and regularly collected since 1972 by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
The German General Social Survey (ALLBUS/GGSS - Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften) is a national data generation program in Germany, which is similar to the American General Social Survey (GSS).
The Global Social Change Research Project is a project devoted to bringing a clear understanding to the general public about social change.
The Gompertz curve or Gompertz function, is a type of mathematical model for a time series and is named after Benjamin Gompertz (1779-1865).
The Gompertz–Makeham law states that the human death rate is the sum of an age-independent component (the Makeham term, named after William Makeham) and an age-dependent component (the Gompertz function, named after Benjamin Gompertz), which increases exponentially with age.
The gross reproduction rate (GRR) is the average number of daughters a women would have if she survived all of her childbearing years, which is roughly to the age of 45, subject to the age-specific fertility rate and sex ratio at birth throughout that period.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Historical demography is the quantitative study of human population in the past.
Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering political science, social science, cultural studies, and history.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Ibn Khaldun (أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي.,; 27 May 1332 – 17 March 1406) was a fourteenth-century Arab historiographer and historian.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
The French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) is a French research institute specialized in demography and population studies in general.
The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) is an international research organization located in Laxenburg, near Vienna, in Austria.
Jacques Bertillon (November 11, 1851 – July 7, 1922) was a French statistician and demographer.
John P. M. Bongaarts (born 1945) is a Dutch-American demographer.
John Graunt (24 April 1620 – 18 April 1674) was one of the first demographers, though by profession he was a haberdasher.
The Lee–Carter model is a numerical algorithm used in mortality forecasting and life expectancy forecasting.
In applied mathematics, the Leslie matrix is a discrete, age-structured model of population growth that is very popular in population ecology.
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
In actuarial science and demography, a life table (also called a mortality table or actuarial table) is a table which shows, for each age, what the probability is that a person of that age will die before his or her next birthday ("probability of death").
Linguistic demography is the statistical study of languages among all populations.
Louis-Adolphe Bertillon (1 April 1821 in Paris – 28 February 1883) was a French statistician.
Luigi Bodio (born 12 October 1840 in Milan–2 November 1920 in Rome) was an Italian economist and statistician, among the founders of Italian Statistics.
The world's principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups, although this is by no means a uniform practice.
A Malthusian catastrophe (also known as Malthusian check or Malthusian spectre) is a prediction of a forced return to subsistence-level conditions once population growth has outpaced agricultural production - that there will be too many people and not enough food.
Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman emperor from, ruling jointly with his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, until Verus' death in 169, and jointly with his son, Commodus, from 177.
The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) is located in Rostock, Germany.
Medieval demography is the study of human demography in Europe and the Mediterranean during the Middle Ages.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) is a longitudinal survey conducted by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the University of London, following the lives of a sample of about 18,818 babies born in the UK in the year 2000–2001.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
The Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) are household surveys implemented by countries under the programme developed by the United Nations Children's Fund to provide internationally comparable, statistically rigorous data on the situation of children and women.
Nathan Keyfitz FRSC FRSS (born June 29, 1913, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, died April 6, 2010 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States) was a Canadian demographer, a pioneer of mathematical demography.
The National Child Development Study (NCDS) is a continuing, multi-disciplinary longitudinal study which follows the lives of 17,415 people born in England, Scotland and Wales from 17,205 women during the week of 3–9 March 1958.
The National Longitudinal Surveys (NLS) are a set of surveys conducted by the US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics, designed to gather information at multiple points in time on significant life events of several population samples of US citizens, especially their labor market activities.
National Security Study Memorandum 200: Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for U.S. Security and Overseas Interests (NSSM200) was completed on December 10, 1974 by the United States National Security Council under the direction of Henry Kissinger.
Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.
The Office of Population Research (OPR) at Princeton University is the oldest population research center in the United States.
The Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) is a longitudinal panel survey of American families, conducted by the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan.
A parity progression ratios (PPR) is a measure commonly used in demography to study fertility.
Paul Ralph Ehrlich (born May 29, 1932) is an American biologist, best known for his warnings about the consequences of population growth and limited resources.
Phillip Longman (born April 21, 1956, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany) is an American demographer.
Pierre François Verhulst (28 October 1804, Brussels – 15 February 1849, Brussels) was a mathematician and a doctor in number theory from the University of Ghent in 1825.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 (PMA2020) is a household and facility survey for Family Planning and Water and Sanitation in Burkina Faso, DR Congo (Kinshasa and Kongo Central), Ethiopia, Ghana, India (Rajasthan), Indonesia, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, and Uganda.
Political demography is the study of how population change affects politics.
Polus (Greek: Πῶλος, "colt"; fl. c. 5th century BCE) was an Ancient Greek Athenian philosophical figure best remembered for his depiction in the writing of Plato.
In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.
Population and Development Review is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Population Council.
The Population Association of America (PAA) is a non-profit scientific professional association dedicated to the study of issues related to population and demography.
Population biology is an interdisciplinary field combining the areas of ecology and evolutionary biology.
The Population Council is an international, nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
Population dynamics is the branch of life sciences that studies the size and age composition of populations as dynamical systems, and the biological and environmental processes driving them (such as birth and death rates, and by immigration and emigration).
Population geography is a division of human geography.
Population momentum is a typical consequence of the demographic transition.
Population projection, in the field of demography, is an estimate of a future population.
Population reconstitution is a method used by historical demographers.
The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) is a private, nonprofit organization that was founded in 1929 by Guy Burch.
The Michigan Population Studies Center is a demography center in the United States, with an extensive record in both domestic and international population research and training.
Proportional hazards models are a class of survival models in statistics.
Protagoras (Πρωταγόρας; c. 490 – c. 420 BC)Guthrie, p. 262–263.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
In demography, replacement migration is a theory of migration needed for a region to achieve a particular objective (demographic, economic or social).
Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene, addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life.
The Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População (English: Brazilian Journal of Population Studies) is a biannual open access peer-reviewed academic journal publishing original research and review studies on demography, demographic analysis, and the demographics of Brazil and other countries.
Richard Price (23 February 1723 – 19 April 1791) was a British moral philosopher, nonconformist preacher and mathematician.
Seneca the Younger AD65), fully Lucius Annaeus Seneca and also known simply as Seneca, was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and—in one work—satirist of the Silver Age of Latin literature.
The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP, for Sozio-oekonomisches Panel) is a longitudinal panel dataset of the population in Germany.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
A statistical hypothesis, sometimes called confirmatory data analysis, is a hypothesis that is testable on the basis of observing a process that is modeled via a set of random variables.
Sullivan's index also known as Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE) is a method to compute life expectancy free of disability.
The Population Bomb is a best-selling book written by Stanford University Professor Paul R. Ehrlich and his wife, Anne Ehrlich (who was uncredited), in 1968.
Thomas Robert Malthus (13 February 1766 – 23 December 1834) was an English cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography.
Thucydides (Θουκυδίδης,, Ancient Attic:; BC) was an Athenian historian and general.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
University building Welthandelsplatz 2 Entrance to VID The Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) (until 2002: Institut für Demographie/IfD) is a research institute of the division for humanities and social sciences within the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) and part of the three "pillar institutions" of the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital.
Wilhelm Lexis (17 July 1837, Eschweiler, Germany – 24 August 1914, Göttingen, Germany), full name Wilhelm Hector Richard Albrecht Lexis, Note that the date of death given in the MacTutor biography does not agree with the German sources, including the 1914 obituary by Felix Klein.
William Farr (30 November 1807 – 14 April 1883) was a British epidemiologist, regarded as one of the founders of medical statistics.
William of Auvergne (1180/90-1249) was a French priest who served as Bishop of Paris from 1228 until his death in 1249.
William of Conches (c. 1090 – after 1154) was a French scholastic philosopher who sought to expand the bounds of Christian humanism by studying secular works of the classics and fostering empirical science.
William of Pagula (died 1332), also known as William Paull or William Poull, was a 14th-century English canon lawyer and theologian best known for his written works, particularly his manual for priests entitled the Oculus Sacerdotis.
The Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU) is a research collaboration between the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxenburg, the Vienna Institute of Demography of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and the Vienna University of Economics and Business, both located in Vienna.
The World Values Survey (WVS) is a global research project that explores people’s values and beliefs, how they change over time and what social and political impact they have.
The 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) is a continuing, multi-disciplinary longitudinal survey monitoring the development of babies born in the UK during the week of 5–11 April 1970.
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