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Index Dentistry

Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. [1]

154 relations: A Letter to a Friend, Abscess, Agriculture, Amalgam (dentistry), American Dental Association, Anatomy, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Antibiotic, Aristotle, Astringent, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, Bainbridge, Ross County, Ohio, Barber, Barber surgeon, Beeswax, Bone, Bow drill, Bridge (dentistry), British Dental Association, Brugsch Papyrus, Cancer, Cardiovascular disease, Code of Hammurabi, Coeliac disease, Cosmesis, Craniofacial, Crown (dentistry), Dental assistant, Dental auxiliary, Dental braces, Dental degree, Dental extraction, Dental hygienist, Dental implant, Dental key, Dental public health, Dental restoration, Dental technician, Dental therapist, Dentist, Dentition, Dentures, Diabetes mellitus, Diagnosis, Discovery Channel, Disease, Ebers Papyrus, ..., Edwin Smith Papyrus, Egypt, Endodontic therapy, Endodontics, Epidemiology, Etruscan civilization, European Union, Forceps, Forensic dentistry, Francis Brodie Imlach, General Dental Council, Geriatric dentistry, Greco-Roman world, Gums, Guy de Chauliac, Harris Dental Museum, Health care, Hearst papyrus, Hesy-Ra, Hippocrates, History of ancient Egypt, Homer, Hospital, Hygiene, Indus Valley Civilisation, Infection, Israel, Ivory, Jewellery, John Hunter (surgeon), John Tomes, Kahun Papyri, Linen, List of dental organizations, Malta, Medical degree, Medical diagnosis, Medicine, Mehrgarh, Middle Ages, Moisturizer, Mouth, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Noise-induced hearing loss, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Oral and maxillofacial pathology, Oral and maxillofacial radiology, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Oral medicine, Oral mucosa, Organ (anatomy), Orthodontics, Osteoporosis, Pain, Paleolithic diet, Pathology, Pediatric dentistry, Pelican, Periodontal disease, Periodontium, Periodontology, Pharmacology, Physician, Physiology, Pierre Fauchard, Preterm birth, Primary care, Profession, Prosthesis, Prosthodontics, Pulp (tooth), Royal Commission on the National Health Service, Scaling and root planing, Sedation, Sedative, Silk, Slovenia, Special needs dentistry, Specialty (dentistry), Specialty (medicine), Sugar, Sumerian language, Surgeon, Surgery, Tang dynasty, Tartaric acid, Temple University, Temporomandibular joint, The Herald (Glasgow), Thomas Browne, Times of Malta, Tinnitus, Tooth, Tooth decay, Tooth pathology, Tooth worm, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Veterinary dentistry, Veterinary medicine, Watchmaker, Wayback Machine, Wisdom tooth, World Health Organization. Expand index (104 more) »

A Letter to a Friend

A Letter to a Friend (written 1656; published posthumously in 1690), by Sir Thomas Browne, the 17th century philosopher and physician, is a medical treatise of case-histories and witty speculations upon the human condition.

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An abscess is a collection of pus that has built up within the tissue of the body.

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Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Amalgam (dentistry)

Dental amalgam is a liquid mercury and metal alloy mixture used in dentistry to fill cavities caused by tooth decay.

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American Dental Association

The American Dental Association (ADA) is an American professional association established in 1859 which has more than 155,000 members.

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Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.

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Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

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An astringent (sometimes called adstringent) is a chemical that shrinks or constricts body tissues.

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Aulus Cornelius Celsus

Aulus Cornelius Celsus (25 BC 50 AD) was a Roman encyclopaedist, known for his extant medical work, De Medicina, which is believed to be the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia.

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Bainbridge, Ross County, Ohio

Bainbridge is a village in Ross County, Ohio, United States, along Paint Creek.

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A barber (from the Latin barba, "beard") is a person whose occupation is mainly to cut, dress, groom, style and shave men’s and boys' hair.

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Barber surgeon

The barber surgeon, one of the most common European medical practitioners of the Middle Ages, was generally charged with caring for soldiers during and after battle.

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Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.

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A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.

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Bow drill

The bow drill is a prehistoric form of drilling tool.

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Bridge (dentistry)

A bridge is a fixed dental restoration (a fixed dental prosthesis) used to replace one or more missing tooth by joining an artificial tooth definitively to adjacent teeth or dental implants.

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British Dental Association

The British Dental Association (BDA) is the professional association and registered trade union organisation for dentists in the United Kingdom.

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Brugsch Papyrus

The Brugsch Papyrus (Pap. Berl. 3038), also known as the Greater Berlin Papyrus, or simply Berlin Papyrus Following Nunn, the Berlin Papyrus is "sometimes known as the Papyrus Brugsch" (p. 37).

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.

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Code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian code of law of ancient Mesopotamia, dated back to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology).

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Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.

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Cosmesis is the preservation, restoration, or bestowing of bodily beauty.

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Craniofacial (cranio- combining form meaning head or skull + -facial combining form referring to the facial structures grossly) is an adjective referring to the parts of the head enclosing the brain and the face.

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Crown (dentistry)

A crown, sometimes known as dental cap, is a type of dental restoration which completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant.

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Dental assistant

Dental assistants (also known as dental nurses) are members of the dental team.

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Dental auxiliary

A dental auxiliary is any of the dentist's supporting team who helps with dental treatment.

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Dental braces

Dental braces (also known as braces, orthodontic cases, or cases) are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person's bite, while also aiming to improve dental health.

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Dental degree

There are a number of professional degrees in dentistry offered by dental schools in various countries around the world.

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Dental extraction

A dental extraction (also referred to as tooth extraction, exodontia, exodontics, or informally, tooth pulling) is the removal of teeth from the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone.

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Dental hygienist

A dental hygienist or oral hygienist is a licensed dental professional, registered with a dental association or regulatory body within their country of practice.

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Dental implant

A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor.

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Dental key

The dental key is an instrument that was used in dentistry to extract diseased teeth.

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Dental public health

Dental Public Health (DPH) is a non-clinical specialty of dentistry that deals with the prevention of oral disease and promotion of oral health.

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Dental restoration

A dental restoration or dental filling is a treatment to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure resulting from caries or external trauma as well as to the replacement of such structure supported by dental implants.

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Dental technician

A dental technologist (dental laboratory technician) is a member of the dental team who, upon prescription from a dental clinician, constructs custom made restorative and dental appliances.

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Dental therapist

A dental therapist is a member of the dental team who provides preventative and restorative dental care, usually for children and adolescents.

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A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a surgeon who specializes in dentistry, the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity.

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Dentition pertains to the development of teeth and their arrangement in the mouth.

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Dentures (also known as false teeth) are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth; they are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity.

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Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

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Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.

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Discovery Channel

Discovery Channel (known as The Discovery Channel from 1985 to 1995, and often referred to as simply Discovery) is an American pay television channel that is the flagship television property of Discovery Inc., a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav.

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A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.

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Ebers Papyrus

The Ebers Papyrus, also known as Papyrus Ebers, is an Egyptian medical papyrus of herbal knowledge dating to circa 1550 BC.

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Edwin Smith Papyrus

The Edwin Smith Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian medical text, named after the dealer who bought it in 1862, and the oldest known surgical treatise on trauma.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Endodontic therapy

Endodontic therapy, also known as endodontic treatment or root canal therapy, is a treatment sequence for the infected pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion.

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Endodontics (from the Greek roots endo- "inside" and odont- "tooth") is the dental specialty concerned with the study and treatment of the dental pulp.

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Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.

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Etruscan civilization

The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Forceps (plural forcepshttps://www.ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q.

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Forensic dentistry

Forensic dentistry or forensic odontology is the application of dental knowledge to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system.

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Francis Brodie Imlach

Francis Brodie Imlach FRCSE (1819-1891) was a Scottish pioneer of modern dentistry, and the first person to use chloroform on a dental patient.

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General Dental Council

The General Dental Council (GDC) is an organisation which regulates dental professionals in the United Kingdom.

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Geriatric dentistry

Geriatric dentistry is the delivery of dental care to older adults involving diagnosis, prevention, management and treatment of problems associated with age related diseases.

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Greco-Roman world

The Greco-Roman world, Greco-Roman culture, or the term Greco-Roman; spelled Graeco-Roman in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth), when used as an adjective, as understood by modern scholars and writers, refers to those geographical regions and countries that culturally (and so historically) were directly, long-term, and intimately influenced by the language, culture, government and religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans. It is also better known as the Classical Civilisation. In exact terms the area refers to the "Mediterranean world", the extensive tracts of land centered on the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins, the "swimming-pool and spa" of the Greeks and Romans, i.e. one wherein the cultural perceptions, ideas and sensitivities of these peoples were dominant. This process was aided by the universal adoption of Greek as the language of intellectual culture and commerce in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and of Latin as the tongue for public management and forensic advocacy, especially in the Western Mediterranean. Though the Greek and the Latin never became the native idioms of the rural peasants who composed the great majority of the empire's population, they were the languages of the urbanites and cosmopolitan elites, and the lingua franca, even if only as corrupt or multifarious dialects to those who lived within the large territories and populations outside the Macedonian settlements and the Roman colonies. All Roman citizens of note and accomplishment regardless of their ethnic extractions, spoke and wrote in Greek and/or Latin, such as the Roman jurist and Imperial chancellor Ulpian who was of Phoenician origin, the mathematician and geographer Claudius Ptolemy who was of Greco-Egyptian origin and the famous post-Constantinian thinkers John Chrysostom and Augustine who were of Syrian and Berber origins, respectively, and the historian Josephus Flavius who was of Jewish origin and spoke and wrote in Greek.

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The gums or gingiva (plural: gingivae), consist of the mucosal tissue that lies over the mandible and maxilla inside the mouth.

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Guy de Chauliac

Guy de Chauliac, also called Guido or Guigo de Cauliaco (c. 1300 – 25 July 1368), was a French physician and surgeon who wrote a lengthy and influential treatise on surgery in Latin, titled Chirurgia Magna.

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Harris Dental Museum

The Harris Dental Museum is a small brick building in the village of Bainbridge in Ross County, Ohio, United States.

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Health care

Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.

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Hearst papyrus

The Hearst Papyrus, also called the Hearst Medical Papyrus, is one of the medical papyri of ancient Egypt.

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Hesy-Ra (also read Hesy-Re and Hesire) was an Ancient Egyptian high official during the early 3rd dynasty.

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Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.

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History of ancient Egypt

The history of ancient Egypt spans the period from the early prehistoric settlements of the northern Nile valley to the Roman conquest, in 30 BC.

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Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.

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A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.

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Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health.

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Indus Valley Civilisation

The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), or Harappan Civilisation, was a Bronze Age civilisation (5500–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.

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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.

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Jewellery (British English) or jewelry (American English)see American and British spelling differences consists of small decorative items worn for personal adornment, such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, and cufflinks.

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John Hunter (surgeon)

John Hunter (13 February 1728 – 16 October 1793) was a Scottish surgeon, one of the most distinguished scientists and surgeons of his day.

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John Tomes

Sir John Tomes (21 March 1815 – 29 July 1895) was an English dental surgeon.

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Kahun Papyri

The Kahun Papyri (KP) (also Petrie Papyri or Lahun Papyri) are a collection of ancient Egyptian texts discussing administrative, mathematical and medical topics.

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Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.

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List of dental organizations

This is a list of various national and international dental organizations from around the world.

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Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Medical degree

A medical degree is a vocational or technical degree awarded for studies in fields associated with medicine and/or surgery.

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Medical diagnosis

Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.

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Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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Mehrgarh (Balochi: Mehrgaŕh; مهرګړ; مہرگڑھ), sometimes anglicized as Mehergarh or Mehrgar, is a Neolithic (7000 BCE to c. 2500/2000 BCE) site located near the Bolan Pass on the Kacchi Plain of Balochistan, Pakistan, to the west of the Indus River valley.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents (often occlusives help hold water in the skin after application, humectants attract moisture and emollients help smooth the skin.) specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable.

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In animal anatomy, the mouth, also known as the oral cavity, buccal cavity, or in Latin cavum oris, is the opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds.

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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.

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Noise-induced hearing loss

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is hearing impairment resulting from exposure to loud sound.

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Occupational Safety and Health Administration

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.

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Oral and maxillofacial pathology

Oral and maxillofacial pathology (also termed oral pathology, stomatognathic disease, dental disease, or mouth disease) refers to the diseases of the mouth ("oral cavity" or "stoma"), jaws ("maxillae" or "gnath") and related structures such as salivary glands, temporomandibular joints, facial muscles and perioral skin (the skin around the mouth).

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Oral and maxillofacial radiology

Oral and maxillofacial radiology, also known as dental and maxillofacial radiology, is that specialty of dentistry concerned with performance and interpretation of diagnostic imaging used for examining the craniofacial, dental and adjacent structures.

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Oral and maxillofacial surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS or OMFS) specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region.

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Oral medicine

Oral medicine (sometimes termed dental medicine, oral and maxillofacial medicine or stomatology) is a specialty focused on the mouth and nearby structures.

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Oral mucosa

The oral mucosa is the mucous membrane lining the inside of the mouth and consists of stratified squamous epithelium termed oral epithelium and an underlying connective tissue termed lamina propria.

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Organ (anatomy)

Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.

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Orthodontia, also called orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, is a specialty field of dentistry that deals primarily with malpositioned teeth and the jaws: their diagnosis, prevention and correction.

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Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.

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Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.

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Paleolithic diet

The terms Paleolithic diet, paleo diet, caveman diet, and stone-age diet describe modern fad diets requiring the sole or predominant consumption of foods presumed to have been the only foods available to or consumed by humans during the Paleolithic era.

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Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.

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Pediatric dentistry

Pediatric dentistry (formerly pedodontics in American English or paedodontics in Commonwealth English) is the branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth through adolescence.

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Pelicans are a genus of large water birds that make up the family Pelecanidae.

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Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth.

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The periodontium is the specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones.

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Periodontology or periodontics (from Greek περί peri "around"; and ὀδούς odous "tooth", genitive ὀδόντος odontos) is the specialty of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect them.

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Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).

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A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

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Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

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Pierre Fauchard

Pierre Fauchard (1678 – March 22, 1761) was a French physician, credited as being the "father of modern dentistry".

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Preterm birth

Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age.

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Primary care

Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider.

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A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.

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In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.

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Prosthodontics, also known as dental prosthetics or prosthetic dentistry, is the area of dentistry that focuses on dental prostheses.

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Pulp (tooth)

The pulp, or endodontium, is the part in the center of a tooth made up of living connective tissue and cells called odontoblasts.

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Royal Commission on the National Health Service

The Royal Commission on the National Health Service was set up by the Wilson government in 1975.

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Scaling and root planing

Scaling and root planing, also known as conventional periodontal therapy, non-surgical periodontal therapy, or deep cleaning, is a procedure involving removal of dental plaque and calculus (scaling or debridement) and then smoothing, or planing, of the (exposed) surfaces of the roots, removing cementum or dentine that is impregnated with calculus, toxins, or microorganisms, the etiologic agents that cause inflammation.

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Sedation is the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.

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A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.

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Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.

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Special needs dentistry

Special needs dentistry, also known as special care dentistry, is a speciality of dentistry concerned with the oral health of people who have intellectual disability, or who are affected by other medical, physical, or psychiatric issues.

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Specialty (dentistry)

In the United States and Canada, there are nine recognized dental specialties in which some dentists choose to train and practice, in addition to or instead of general dentistry.

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Specialty (medicine)

A specialty, or speciality, in medicine is a branch of medical practice.

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Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Sumerian language

Sumerian (𒅴𒂠 "native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer and a language isolate that was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).

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In medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.

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Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Tartaric acid

Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many fruits, most notably in grapes, but also in bananas, tamarinds and citrus.

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Temple University

Temple University (Temple or TU) is a state-related research university located in the Cecil B. Moore neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Temporomandibular joint

The temporomandibular joints (TMJ) are the two joints connecting the jawbone to the skull.

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The Herald (Glasgow)

The Herald is a Scottish broadsheet newspaper founded in 1783.

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Thomas Browne

Sir Thomas Browne (19 October 1605 – 19 October 1682) was an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields including science and medicine, religion and the esoteric.

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Times of Malta

The Times of Malta is an English-language daily newspaper in Malta.

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Tinnitus is the hearing of sound when no external sound is present.

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A tooth (plural teeth) is a hard, calcified structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of many vertebrates and used to break down food.

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Tooth decay

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria.

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Tooth pathology

Tooth pathology (or tooth diseases, tooth disorders or dental pathology), is any condition of the teeth that can be congenital or acquired.

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Tooth worm

The idea of a tooth worm is an erroneous theory of the cause of dental caries, periodontitis and toothaches.

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University of Maryland School of Dentistry

The University of Maryland School of Dentistry is the dental school of the University System of Maryland.

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University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine

The University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine (often referred to as Penn Dental Medicine or simply Penn Dental) is the dental school of the University of Pennsylvania (Penn), an Ivy League university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

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Veterinary dentistry

Veterinary dentistry is the field of dentistry applied to the care of animals.

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Veterinary medicine

Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals.

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A watchmaker is an artisan who makes and repairs watches.

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Wayback Machine

The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet.

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Wisdom tooth

A wisdom tooth or third molar is one of the three molars per quadrant of the human dentition.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dentistry

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