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Deoxyribose

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Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C. [1]

31 relations: Adenine, Aldehyde, Arabinose, Atom, Base (chemistry), Carbon, Cell nucleus, Cytosine, Deoxy sugar, DNA, Enantiomer, Eukaryote, Fischer projection, Functional group, Genetics, Guanine, Hydroxy group, L-Deoxyribose, Monosaccharide, Nucleic acid, Nucleic acid nomenclature, Nucleotide, Oxygen, Pentose, Phoebus Levene, Phosphate, Ribonucleotide reductase, Ribose, Ribose 5-phosphate, Sugar, Thymine.

Adenine

Adenine (A, Ade) is a nucleobase (a purine derivative).

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Aldehyde

An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

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Arabinose

Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde (CHO) functional group.

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Atom

An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.

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Base (chemistry)

In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.

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Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

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Cell nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus (pl. nuclei; from Latin nucleus or nuculeus, meaning kernel or seed) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells.

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Cytosine

Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).

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Deoxy sugar

Deoxy sugars are sugars that have had a hydroxyl group replaced with a hydrogen atom.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Enantiomer

In chemistry, an enantiomer, also known as an optical isomer (and archaically termed antipode or optical antipode), is one of two stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other that are non-superposable (not identical), much as one's left and right hands are the same except for being reversed along one axis (the hands cannot be made to appear identical simply by reorientation).

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Eukaryote

Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

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Fischer projection

The Fischer projection, devised by Hermann Emil Fischer in 1891, is a two-dimensional representation of a three-dimensional organic molecule by projection.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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Genetics

Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.

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Guanine

Guanine (or G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).

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Hydroxy group

A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.

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L-Deoxyribose

L-Deoxyribose is an organic compound with formula C5H10O4.

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Monosaccharide

Monosaccharides (from Greek monos: single, sacchar: sugar), also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates.

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Nucleic acid

Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.

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Nucleic acid nomenclature

Molecular biologists use several shorthand terms when referring to nucleic acid molecules, such as DNA and RNA, collectively referred to as nucleic acid nomenclature.

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Nucleotide

Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.

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Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

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Pentose

A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.

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Phoebus Levene

Phoebus Aaron Theodore Levene, M.D. (25 February 1869 – 6 September 1940) was an American biochemist who studied the structure and function of nucleic acids.

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Phosphate

A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.

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Ribonucleotide reductase

Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), also known as ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase (rNDP), is an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of deoxyribonucleotides from ribonucleotides.

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Ribose

Ribose is a carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5; specifically, it is a pentose monosaccharide (simple sugar) with linear form H−(C.

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Ribose 5-phosphate

Ribose 5-phosphate (R5P) is both a product and an intermediate of the pentose phosphate pathway.

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Sugar

Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.

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Thymine

---> Thymine (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G–C–A–T.

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Redirects here:

2-Deoxyribose, 2-deoxy-D-ribose, 2-deoxyribose, D-deoxyribose, Deoxyribase, Deoxyribofuranose, Desoxyribose, Thyminose.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deoxyribose

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