414 relations: Aïshti, ABC Group, Ackermann's Repository, AEON (company), AK Plaza, Alexander Turney Stewart, Allders, Amazon (company), Apraksin Dvor, Aristide Boucicaut, Arnold Constable & Company, Arnotts (Ireland), Arthur Barnett Ltd, Associated Dry Goods, Au Bonheur des Dames, Auchan, Auckland, Austins (department store), Åhléns, Æon Group, Émile Zola, B. Dalton, Bainbridge's, Balearic Islands, Ballantynes, Bankruptcy, Barkers of Kensington, Barneys New York, Battle of Manila (1945), Bazar de l'Hôtel de Ville, Bílá labuť, Beijing Hualian Group, Belk, Bentalls, Bergdorf Goodman, Berlin, Bern, Big Bazaar, Big W, Big-box store, Birmingham, BJ's Wholesale Club, Blackpool, Bloomingdale's, Boscov's, Boulevard Haussmann, Broadway (Manhattan), Brompton Road, Brooklyn, Brown Thomas, ..., Buenos Aires, Bumi Serpong Damai, Burlington (department store), Busan, C&A, Canada, Canadian Tire, Canary Islands, Capri, Cargills (Ceylon), Carrefour, Carson's, Cash register, Cast iron, César Birotteau, Córdoba, Argentina, Central Department Store, Central Group, Central London, Centum City, Chain store, Chiado, Christmas window, Clerys, Co-op society stores (Kuwait), Coin (department store), Colombo, Consumerism, Consumers' co-operative, Convenience store, Coop (Switzerland), Costco, Croydon, D.I.C. (department store), Daimaru, David Jones Limited, Dayton's, De Bijenkorf, Deansgate, Debenhams, Debenhams Ireland, DEKA (New Zealand), Derby, Des Voeux Road, Diana Department Store, Dillard's, Discount store, Distribution (marketing), DMart, Do it yourself, Draper, Drapery, Dublin, Dundrum Town Centre, Dunedin, Dunnes Stores, E-commerce, Easter Rising, Eaton's, Edinburgh, Edwardian era, Eiffel Tower, El Corte Inglés, El Palacio de Hierro, Emporium (Bangkok), English Channel, Escalator, F. W. Woolworth Company, Falabella (retail store), Farmers Trading Company, Federated Co-operatives, Fenwick (department store), Fenwick Colchester, Final good, Fortnum & Mason, Frederick & Nelson, Freimans, Fur trade, Future Group, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Galeries Lafayette, Galleria Department Store, Gamages, Garfinckel's, General line of merchandise, George Dayton, George Street, Sydney, Georgian era, Giant Hypermarket, Giant Tiger, Gimbels, Globus (company), Gostiny dvor, Gothenburg, Grace Bros., Great Depression, Great George Street, Hong Kong, Grupo Carso, Grupo Elektra, Grupo Sanborns, GUM (department store), Gustave Eiffel, H & J Smith's, Hamashbir Lazarchan, Hankyu Department Store, Hanley, Staffordshire, Hanshin Department Store, Harold Tillman, Harris Scarfe, Harrods, Harry Gordon Selfridge, Harvey Nichols, Helsinki, HEMA (store), Hermann Tietz, High Holborn, History of the Philippines (1898–1946), Holt Renfrew, Hong Kong Island, Honoré de Balzac, Horten AG, House of Fraser, Hudson's Bay (retailer), Hudson's Bay Company, Hypermarket, Hyundai Department Store, Industrial Revolution, Intermarché, Invercargill, Ironmongery, Isetan, Isfahan, Ivan Turgenev, J. C. Penney, J. Front Retailing, J. L. Hudson Department Store and Addition, Jaeger (clothing), Jenners, Jerónimo Martins, John Lewis (department store), John Little (department store), John Logie Baird, John Wanamaker, Joseph Lowthian Hudson, Josiah Wedgwood, JUSCO, Karstadt, Kaufhaus des Westens, Kendals, Kibibyte, Kirkcaldie & Stains, Kmart, Kmart Australia, Kohl's, Korea under Japanese rule, Kotva Department Store, Kuwait, La Polar, La Rinascente, La Samaritaine, Lane Crawford, Le Bon Marché, Leeds, Leicester, Leisure, Les Ailes de la Mode, Levant, Lewis's, Lippo Group, Lisbon metropolitan area, List of defunct department stores of the United States, List of department stores by country, List of department stores of the United Kingdom, Lit Brothers, Liverpool, Liverpool (store), Lord & Taylor, Lotte (conglomerate), Lotte Department Store, Lotte Mart, Louis Blériot, Louis Sullivan, Luxury goods, LVMH, Macy's, Macy's, Inc., Madrid, Makro, Manchester, Manila, Manor (department store), Marks & Spencer, Marshall Field's, Marshalls, Marui, Matahari (department store), Matsuya (department store), Matsuzakaya, Meijer, Mendoza, Argentina, Mervyn's, Mesbla, Metallicity, Metro (department store), Metrojaya, Metropolitan Area of Porto, Mexico City, Migros, Milan, Minneapolis, Mirano, Mitsukoshi, Monoplane, Morgan's, Mustafa Centre, Myer, N. Snellenburg & Company, Near East, Neiman Marcus, Nicolas Berggruen, Nordic countries, Nordiska Kompaniet, Nordstrom, North West Company, Northland Center, Odel, Ogilvy (department store), Ogilvy's, Oligopoly, Orchard Road, Oregon, Pacific Sogo, Palace, Pall Mall, London, Pantaloons Fashion & Retail, París (retail store), Parisian (department store), Parkson, Partnership, Passage (department store), Pennsylvania Railroad, Peter Jones (department store), Petrovsky Passage, Philadelphia, Pingo Doce, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, Pitusa, Plate glass, Portugal, Primark, Princes Street, Printemps, PUB (Stockholm), Renaissance, Retail, Ripley S.A., Robert Sobel, Robinson Department Store, Robinsons & Co., Robinsons Malls, Rosario, Santa Fe, Ross Stores, Rowland Hussey Macy, Royal Navy, Rustan's, Saint Petersburg, Saks Fifth Avenue, Salt Lake City, Sam's Club, Samsung, San Juan, Argentina, Santiago, Scotland, Sears, Sears (Mexico), Sears Canada, Seibu Department Stores, Seiyu Group, Selfridges, Selfridges, Oxford Street, SEPU, Shahrvand Chain Stores Inc., Shinsegae, Shiraz, Shoppers Stop, Siam Center, Siam Paragon, SIMAN, Simpsons (department store), Sinar Mas Land, Sincere Department Store, Sloane Square, SM Retail, SM Supermalls, Smith & Caughey's, Sogo, Sogo Hong Kong, Sokos, Sonae, Southdale Center, Southland, New Zealand, Specialist store, Spencer's (department store), Spencer's Retail, Spinneys, Sri Lanka, Steen & Strøm, Stockholm, Stockmann, Stockmann, Helsinki centre, Strawbridge's, Suburbia (department store), Sullivan Center, Taichung, Takashimaya, Tangs, Target Australia, Target Canada, Target Corporation, Tehran, Tesco, Tesco Lotus, Thailand, The Crocodile (short story), The Detroit News, The Mall Group, The Mall of San Juan, The May Department Stores Company, The North West Company, The Sultan Center, The Warehouse Group, TJ Maxx, Tokyu Department Store, Topeka (store), TsUM (Moscow), V&D, Variety store, Venture (department store), Vera Komissarzhevskaya, Von Maur, Walmart, Waltons (department store), Wanamaker's, Warehouse club, Washington (state), WBUR-FM, Wellington, Wertheim (department store), Westbourne Grove, Whiteleys, Window shopping, Wing On, Woodward & Lothrop, Woodward's, Woolco, Woolworths (Cyprus), World War II, Yaohan, Zürich, ZCMI, Zellers, Zen (department store), 19th century, 280 Broadway. 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Aïshti is a Lebanese luxury department chain store which sells fashion and clothing.
ABC Group or ABC department stores is one of the leading retailer in the Middle East with about 60000 sq m of retail space and 8 outlet stores.
A fashion plate from the November 1811 issue Ackermann's Repository of Arts was an illustrated British periodical published from 1809-1829 by Rudolph Ackermann.
, commonly written AEON Co., Ltd., is the holding company of ÆON Group.
AK Plaza is a South Korean department store franchise owned by the Aekyung Industrial Co.
Alexander Turney Stewart (October 12, 1803 – April 10, 1876) was a successful Irish entrepreneur who made his multimillion-dollar fortune in what was at the time the most extensive and lucrative dry goods business in the world.
Allders was an independent department store operating in the United Kingdom.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
Apraksin Yard (also Apraxin Dvor; Апраксин Двор) is a market and retail block in Saint Petersburg, Russia, currently under a massive long-term renovation project.
Aristide Boucicaut (July 14, 1810 – December 26, 1877) was a French entrepreneur who created Le Bon Marché, the first modern department store.
Arnold Constable & Company was a department store chain in the New York City metropolitan area.
Arnotts is the oldest and largest department store in Dublin, Ireland.
Arthur Barnett Ltd, trading as Arthur Barnett and often referred to as Arthur Barnett's, was a department store in Dunedin, New Zealand.
Associated Dry Goods (ADG) was a chain of department stores that merged with May Department Stores in 1986.
Au Bonheur des Dames (The Ladies' Delight or The Ladies' Paradise) is the eleventh novel in the Rougon-Macquart series by Émile Zola.
Groupe Auchan SA is a French international retail group and multinational corporation headquartered in Croix, France.
Auckland is a city in New Zealand's North Island.
Austins was a department store in the Diamond area of Derry in Northern Ireland.
Åhléns is a chain of Swedish department stores.
is a group of retail and financial services companies based in Chiba, Japan, which is centered on ÆON Co., Ltd.
Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola (2 April 1840 – 29 September 1902) was a French novelist, playwright, journalist, the best-known practitioner of the literary school of naturalism, and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism.
Bainbridge's was a major department store in Eldon Square in the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
The Balearic Islands (Illes Balears,; Islas Baleares) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.
J Ballantyne and Company Ltd, trading as Ballantynes is a Christchurch, New Zealand-based department store operator.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
Barkers of Kensington was a department store in Kensington High Street, Kensington, London.
Barneys New York Inc. is an American chain of luxury department stores founded and headquartered in New York, New York.
The Battle of Manila (Filipino: Labanan sa Maynila) was a major battle of the Philippine campaign of 1944-45, during the Second World War.
The Bazar de l'Hôtel de Ville or BHV is a department store on rue de Rivoli in the 4th arrondissement of Paris, facing the Hôtel de Ville.
Bílá labuť (in English 'White Swan') is a department store on Na Poříčí Street in central Prague, Czech Republic.
The Beijing Hualian Group is a leading Chinese retailer, headquartered in Beijing.
Belk Inc. is an American department store chain founded in 1888 by William Henry Belk in Monroe, North Carolina, with 300 locations in 16 states.
Bentalls is a British department store chain with a branch in Kingston upon Thames.
Bergdorf Goodman Inc. is a luxury goods department store based on Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Bern or Berne (Bern, Bärn, Berne, Berna, Berna) is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) Bundesstadt, or "federal city".
Big Bazaar is an Indian retail store that operates as a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
Big W is an Australian chain of discount department stores, which was founded in regional New South Wales in 1964.
A big-box store (also supercenter, superstore, or megastore) is a physically large retail establishment, usually part of a chain of stores.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
BJ's Wholesale Club Inc., commonly referred to simply as BJ's, is an American membership-only warehouse club chain operating on the East Coast of the United States, as well as in the state of Ohio.
Blackpool is a seaside resort on the Lancashire coast in North West England.
Bloomingdale's Inc. is an American department store chain; it was founded by Joseph B. and Lyman G. Bloomingdale in 1861.
Boscov's Inc. is a family-owned department store with 46 locations in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Ohio and Connecticut.
Boulevard Haussmann, long from the 8th to the 9th arrondissement, is one of the wide tree-lined boulevards created in Paris by Napoleon III, under the direction of his Prefect of the Seine, Baron Haussmann.
Broadway is a road in the U.S. state of New York.
Brompton Road is a street located in the southern part from Knightsbridge and in the eastern part from Brompton in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and partly the City of Westminster in London.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
Brown Thomas & Company Limited is a chain of four Irish department stores, located in Dublin, Cork, Galway and Limerick.
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
Bumi Serpong Damai (BSD) is a privately developed planned community in Tangerang, Banten of the Greater Jakarta region in Indonesia.
Burlington, formerly known as Burlington Coat Factory, is an American national off-price department store retailer, and a division of Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corporation with 631 stores in 45 states and Puerto Rico, with its corporate headquarters located in Burlington Township, New Jersey.
Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.
C&A is an international chain of fashion retail clothing stores, with European head offices in Vilvoorde, Belgium, and Düsseldorf, Germany.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canadian Tire Corporation, Limited is a Canadian retail company which sells a wide range of automotive, hardware, sports and leisure, and home products.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
Capri (usually pronounced by English speakers) is an island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Sorrentine Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples in the Campania region of Italy.
Cargills (Ceylon) PLC is a Sri Lankan Retail, FMCG, Banking and Restaurant company which is listed on the Colombo Stock Exchange.
Carrefour S.A. is a French multinational retailer headquartered in Boulogne Billancourt, France, in the Hauts-de-Seine Department near Paris.
Carson Pirie Scott & Co. (also known as Carson's) is an American chain of department stores located primarily in the Midwestern United States, with over 50 stores under the nameplate.
A cash register, also referred to as a till in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries, is a mechanical or electronic device for registering and calculating transactions at a point of sale.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
Histoire de la grandeur et de la décadence de César Birotteau or César Birotteau, is an 1837 novel by Honoré de Balzac, and is one of the Scènes de la vie parisienne in the series La Comédie humaine.
Córdoba is a city in the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about northwest of the Buenos Aires.
Central Department Store (Thai: สรรพสินค้าเซ็นทรัล; Simplified Chinese: 尚泰; Pinyin: Shàngtài) is a Thai department store chain, owned by Central Group.
The Central Group of Companies (Thai: กลุ่มเซ็นทรัล) or Central Holding is a family-owned conglomerate holding company in Thailand that is involved in merchandising, real estate, retailing, hospitality and restaurants.
Central London is the innermost part of London, in the United Kingdom, spanning several boroughs.
Centum City is a major multi-project urban development part of Haeundae-gu, Busan, South Korea.
Chain store(s) or retail chain(s) are retail outlets that share a brand and central management, and usually have standardized business methods and practices.
Chiado is the name of a square and its surrounding area in the city of Lisbon, Portugal.
A Christmas window is a special window display prepared for the Christmas shopping season at department stores and other retailers.
Clerys was a long-established department store on O'Connell Street in Dublin, Ireland, a focal point of the street.
Co-op society stores are department stores put up by the Kuwaiti Government.
Coin (after the venetian for ''cohen'') is an Italian upmarket department store chain dedicated to the worlds of apparel, home decorations, accessories and beauty.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Consumerism is a social and economic order and ideology that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts.
Consumers' co-operatives are enterprises owned by consumers and managed democratically which aim at fulfilling the needs and aspirations of their members.
A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.
Coop Cooperative is one of Switzerland's largest retail and wholesale companies.
Costco Wholesale Corporation, trading as Costco, is an American multinational corporation which operates a chain of membership-only warehouse clubs.
Croydon is a large town in south London, England, south of Charing Cross.
The D.I.C. (originally the Drapery and General Importing Company of New Zealand Ltd) was a New Zealand department store chain, founded in Dunedin by Bendix Hallenstein in 1884.
is a Japanese department store chain, principally located in the Kansai region of Japan.
David Jones Pty Limited, trading as David Jones (colloquially DJs), is an Australian upmarket department store, owned since 2014 by South African retail group Woolworths Holdings Limited.
Dayton's was an American department store chain founded in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1902 by George Draper Dayton.
De Bijenkorf (literally, "the beehive") is a chain of high-end department stores in the Netherlands with its flagship store on Dam Square, Amsterdam.
Deansgate is a main road (part of the A56) through Manchester city centre, England.
Debenhams plc is a British multinational retailer operating under a department store format in the United Kingdom and Ireland with franchise stores in other countries. The company was founded in the eighteenth century as a single store in London and has now grown to 178 locations across the UK, Ireland and Denmark. It sells a range of clothing, household items and furniture and has been known since 1993 for its 'Designers at Debenhams' brand range. Headquartered in Regent's Place in the London Borough of Camden, Debenhams is listed on the London Stock Exchange. The company owns the Danish department store chain, Magasin du Nord, and has a subsidiary in Ireland.
Debenhams Ireland is a national chain of department stores in Ireland, that is owned by Debenhams plc.
DEKA was a nationwide chain of general merchandise stores in New Zealand.
Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England.
Des Voeux Road Central and Des Voeux Road West are two roads on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.
Diana Department Store (ไดอาน่า ดีพาร์ทเมนท์สโตร์) is a chain of department stores in southern Thailand.
Dillard's Inc. is an American department store chain with approximately 292 stores in 29 states and headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas.
A discount store or discount shop is a retail shop which sells products at prices that are lower than the typical market price.
Distribution (or place) is one of the four elements of the marketing mix.
Avenue Supermarts Ltd, d/b/a, DMart is a chain of hypermarket and supermarkets in India founded by Radhakishan Damani in the year 2002.
"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.
Draper was originally a term for a retailer or wholesaler of cloth that was mainly for clothing.
Drapery is a general word referring to cloths or textiles (Old French draperie, from Late Latin drappus).
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
"Dundrum Town Centre" is a shopping centre located in Dundrum, Dublin, Ireland.
Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.
Dunnes Stores is an Irish multinational retail chain that primarily sells food, clothes and household wares.
E-commerce is the activity of buying or selling of products on online services or over the Internet.
The Easter Rising (Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, April 1916.
The T. Eaton Company Limited, commonly known as Eaton's, was a Canadian retailer that was once Canada's largest department store chain.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history covers the brief reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended in both directions to capture long-term trends from the 1890s to the First World War.
The Eiffel Tower (tour Eiffel) is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.
El Corte Inglés S.A., headquartered in Madrid, is the biggest department store group in Europe and ranks fourth worldwide.
El Palacio de Hierro (El Palacio de Hierro S.A. de C.V.) (The Iron Palace) is an upscale chain of department stores in Mexico.
Emporium is a luxury shopping mall in Khlong Toei District, Bangkok, Thailand.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
An escalator is a type of vertical transportation in the form of a moving staircase which carries people between floors of a building.
The F. W. Woolworth Company (often referred to as Woolworth's or Woolworth) was a retail company and one of the original pioneers of the five-and-dime store.
Falabella is a multinational chain of department stores owned by Chilean multinational company S.A.C.I. Falabella, is the largest South American department store.
The Farmers Trading Company Ltd (branded as Farmers) is a New Zealand mid-market department store chain.
Federated Co-operatives Limited (FCL), is a co-operative federation providing procurement and distribution to member co-operatives in Western Canada.
Fenwick Fenwicks (pronounced fenn-icks) is an independent chain of department stores in the United Kingdom.
Fenwick Colchester is a large high street department store situated in Colchester, Essex, England formerly known as Williams & Griffin (1963–2016).
In economics, any commodity which is produced and subsequently consumed by the consumer, to satisfy his current wants or needs, is a consumer good or final good.
Fortnum & Mason (colloquially often shortened to just "Fortnum's") is an upmarket department store in Piccadilly, London, with additional stores at St Pancras railway station and Heathrow Airport in London, as well as various stockists worldwide.
Frederick & Nelson was a department store chain in the northwestern United States, based in Seattle, Washington.
A.J. Freiman Limited, or Freimans, was a landmark department store at 73 Rideau Street in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, founded in 1918 by Archibald J. Freiman.
The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur.
Future Group is an Indian private conglomerate, headquartered in Mumbai.
Fyodor Mikhailovich DostoevskyHis name has been variously transcribed into English, his first name sometimes being rendered as Theodore or Fedor.
The Galeries Lafayette is an upmarket French department store chain.
Galleria Department Store is an upmarket South Korean department store franchise owned by Hanwha Group.
Gamages was a department store in Holborn, London, founded by Arthur Walter Gamage, the son of a Herefordshire farmer.
Garfinckel's was a prominent department store chain based in Washington, D.C. that catered to a clientele of wealthy consumers.
General line of merchandise or general merchandise is a term used in retail and wholesale business in reference to merchandise not limited to some particular category.
George Draper Dayton (March 6, 1857 – February 18, 1938) was an American businessman and philanthropist, most famous for being the founder of Dayton's department store, which later became Target Corporation.
George Street is a street in the central business district of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia.
The Georgian era is a period in British history from 1714 to, named eponymously after kings George I, George II, George III and George IV.
GCH Retail (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (doing business as Giant Hypermarket) is a hypermarket and retailer chain in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, and Vietnam. In 2016, Giant is the largest supermarket chain in Malaysia.
Giant Tiger Stores Ltd. is a Canadian discount store chain which operates over 200 stores across Canada.
Gimbel Brothers (Gimbels) was an American department store corporation from 1887 until 1987.
Globus is a Swiss department store company, with 13 department stores in Switzerland.
Gostinyi dvor (p) is a historic Russian term for an indoor market or shopping centre.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
Grace Bros was an Australian department store chain, founded in 1885.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Great George Street is a busy shopping street of the Causeway Bay area, on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.
Grupo Carso or Grupo Sanborns SAB is a Mexican global conglomerate company owned by Carlos Slim.
Grupo Elektra is a Mexican leading financial and retailing corporation established by Hugo Salinas Rocha.
Grupo Sanborns is a large restaurant, retail, pharmacy and department store chain located in Mexico, El Salvador and Panama.
GUM (ГУМ, pronounced, an abbreviation of r, literally "Main Universal Store") is the main department store in many cities of the former Soviet Union, known as State Department Store (r) during the Soviet era.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
H & J Smith Ltd, branded as H & J Smith and known colloquially as H&J's is a company which operates in the lower South Island of New Zealand.
Hamashbir Lazarchan (המשביר לצרכן) is an Israeli chain of department stores.
is a Japanese department store chain owned by, a subsidiary of H2O Retailing Corporation.
Hanley, in Staffordshire, England, is one of the six major towns that joined together to form the city of Stoke-on-Trent in 1910.
is a Japanese department store chain owned by, a subsidiary of H2O Retailing Corporation.
Harold Tillman CBE (born 15 October 1945) is an English retail entrepreneur and investor.
Harris Scarfe is an Australian department store that was established in Adelaide, South Australia in 1849.
Harrods is a luxury department store located on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London.
Harry Gordon Selfridge, Sr. (11 January 1858 – 8 May 1947) was an American-British retail magnate who founded the London-based department store Selfridges.
Harvey Nichols, founded in 1831, is a luxury British department store chain with a flagship store in Knightsbridge, London.
Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.
HEMA (originally an acronym for Hollandsche Eenheidsprijzen Maatschappij Amsterdam, "Hollandic Standard Prices Company Amsterdam") is originally a Dutch discount retail chain that started life as a dimestore, owned by the British investment firm Lion Capital LLP since 2007.
Hermann Tietz was a German merchant of Jewish origin.
High Holborn is a street in Holborn and Farringdon Without, Central London, which forms a part of the A40 route from London to Fishguard.
The history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 covers the period of American rule in the Philippines and began with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, when the Philippines was still part of the Spanish East Indies, and concluded when the United States formally recognised the independence of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.
Holt, Renfrew & Co., Limited, commonly known as Holt Renfrew or Holt's, is a chain of high-end Canadian department stores specializing in an array of luxury brands and designer boutiques.
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of Hong Kong.
Honoré de Balzac (born Honoré Balzac, 20 May 1799 – 18 August 1850) was a French novelist and playwright.
Horten AG (Aktiengesellschaft) was a German department store chain founded by Helmut Horten in 1936 and headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany. With up to 80 stores throughout Germany, Horten ranked fourth-largest among German department store chains, after Karstadt, Kaufhof and Hertie. Horten was one of the most modern German department store companies in the 1960s and 1970s. Many new stores were built and the traditional, long-established high street stores were renovated, modernized, and in some cases, expanded. Horten built the first department stores that included car parks and petrol stations. Horten wanted to be the department store of choice for customers from the suburbs who had their first cars and did not want to travel into the cities by bus or tram. In addition to their high-end downtown department stores, Horten built new "edge of downtown stores." Every department store featured a restaurant, mostly located on the top floor. In the 1960s they were called "KUPFERSPIESS" (Copper Kettle). Later, Horten began to reorganise them into self-service-restaurants and called them "Bon appetit" or "Horten-Restaurant," also combined together as "Bon appetit: Ihr Horten-Restaurant." In the 1990s Horten also began introducing the Galeria-concept for its restaurants and gave them a new food distribution sector and a lighter outfit. After Kaufhof took over Horten, they merged their two restaurant companies "Bel-Terine" and "Bon appetit" into one, dubbed "DINEA." Smaller restaurants with less service were called "Grillpfanne." Horten's dark brown interiors morphed into a more modern and fresh look with the introduction of the new Galeria stores in the 1980s, with an emphasis on lighter colors such as blue, light gray and white. Some of the bigger stores added food courts called "delikatessa" and also added onsite supermarkets. After returning from a visit to the United States and returning with the concept, Helmut Horten opened Germany's first supermarkets in the basement floors of his department stores. They were innovative, modern, and much larger than most German grocery stores at the time. In 1968 Helmut Horten sold all of his shares in the company and was not subsequently seen at celebratory occasions of Horten AG (like the 50th anniversary in 1986). Helmut Horten died in 1987, at this time his former company had been acquired by British American Tobacco plc. Until 1988, Horten operated some of its department stores under the name of Merkur; some of the group's smaller department stores were called DeFaKa (Deutsches Familien Kaufhaus), but these had all been replaced with modern types of Horten department stores by the 1970s. In 1988 Horten introduced a new concept for their department stores called the "GALERIA" concept. This proved to be a very successful venture for Horten AG. Horten AG decided to refresh the 39 biggest stores with the GALERIA design, though this goal was never fully implemented. That year, Horten founded Horten-Extra GmbH to hold its thirteen smallest locations not branded with the new GALERIA design. Ten of these Horten-Extra stores were sold to Kaufring AG in 1993. The other three Horten-Extra stores also did not have successful histories. The location in Dortmund was closed directly after the ten Horten-Extra stores were sold; it was renovated as a mall (Westfalen Forum). The other two Horten-Extra stores became part of Kaufhof (Neuss and Schwäbisch Gmünd) and traded for a few years once again as Horten, until the year 2000, when both stores closed because they were considered too small to be renamed Galeria Kaufhof. In 1994 competitor Kaufhof took over Horten and - over a ten-year period - all Horten department stores were either renamed Kaufhof, sold or closed. This process ended in 2004 with the last stores being closed or renamed and the Horten name disappeared. Today only one store - the Carsch-Haus in Düssldorf - still has the Horten logo on its facade, struck in stone over the main doors. The former name "Horten im Carsch-Haus" was dropped in 1996. In 2008 Kaufhof cleaned the Horten stone logos and they are now clearly visible on the facade. The store now simply trades as Carsch-Haus and wasn't changed into Kaufhof. A Galeria Kaufhof store is located in the same street. The 'Carsch-Haus' in Düsseldorf was the finest department store of Horten AG and served as a flagship store. It is now run by Kaufhof, but still trades as Carsch-Haus. This store has a very interesting and unique story, as in the 1980s it was dismantled stone by stone and later rebuilt only a few feet away. This became necessary because the 'Rheinbahn' (public transport in Düsseldorf) had planned to build a subway station under the building. After rebuilding, the Carsch-Haus became Horten AG's most modern department store and a model of development for the Galeria concept. In 1995 Horten AG became a real estate company and leased the Horten stores to Kaufhof. The operating business was transferred to the Horten GALERIA GmbH, which was later merged with Kaufhof AG.
House of Fraser is a British department store group with 56 stores and 2 outlets across the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Hudson's Bay (formerly and still colloquially known as The Bay) is a chain of 90 department stores that operate in Canada and the Netherlands.
The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.
In commerce, a hypermarket is a superstore combining a supermarket and a department store.
Hyundai Department Store (Korean: 현대백화점 주식회사, Hanja: 現代百貨店株式會社), together with Lotte Department Store and Shinsegae, is one of the three major department store chains in South Korea.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Intermarché (English translation: Intermarket) is the brand of a general commercial French supermarket, part of the large retail group 'Les Mousquetaires' founded in 1969 under the name EX Offices, by Jean-Pierre Le Roch.
Invercargill (Waihōpai) is the southernmost and westernmost city in New Zealand, and one of the southernmost cities in the world.
Ironmongery originally referred, first, to the manufacture of iron goods and, second, to the place of sale of such items for domestic rather than industrial use.
(unlisted on March 26, 2008) is a Japanese department store.
Isfahan (Esfahān), historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about south of Tehran.
Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (ɪˈvan sʲɪrˈɡʲeɪvʲɪtɕ tʊrˈɡʲenʲɪf; September 3, 1883) was a Russian novelist, short story writer, poet, playwright, translator and popularizer of Russian literature in the West.
is a major holding company in Japan, headquartered in Yaesu, Chūō, Tokyo.
The J.L. Hudson Building ("Hudson's") was a department store located at 1206 Woodward Avenue in downtown Detroit, Michigan.
Jaeger is a United Kingdom-based fashion brand and retailer of menswear and womenswear.
Jenners Department Store, now known simply as Jenners, is a department store located in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was the oldest independent department store in Scotland until its acquisition by House of Fraser in 2005.
Jerónimo Martins SGPS, SA (JM) is a Portuguese corporate group that operates in food distribution and specialised retail.
John Lewis is a chain of high-end department stores operating throughout the United Kingdom.
John Little was a former chain of department stores in Singapore.
John Logie Baird FRSE (13 August 188814 June 1946) was a Scottish engineer, innovator, one of the inventors of the mechanical television, demonstrating the first working television system on 26 January 1926, and inventor of both the first publicly demonstrated colour television system, and the first purely electronic colour television picture tube.
John Wanamaker (July 11, 1838 – December 12, 1922) was an American merchant and religious, civic and political figure, considered by some to be a proponent of advertising and a "pioneer in marketing".
Joseph Lowthian Hudson (October 17, 1846 – July 5, 1912), a.k.a. J. L. Hudson, was the merchant who founded the Hudson's department store in Detroit, Michigan.
Josiah Wedgwood (12 July 1730 – 3 January 1795) was an English potter and entrepreneur.
is the acronym for Japan United Stores Company, a chain of "general merchandise stores" (or hypermarket) and the largest of its type in Japan.
Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH is a German department store chain whose headquarters are in Essen.
The Kaufhaus des Westens (English "Department Store of the West"), usually abbreviated to KaDeWe, is a department store in Berlin.
Kendals was the name mostly used by Mancunians of a department store in Manchester, England now operated as House of Fraser.
The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
Kirkcaldie & Stains (known as Kirks) was a mid-sized department store in Wellington, New Zealand.
Kmart Corporation (simply known as Kmart and stylized as kmart) is an American big box department store chain headquartered in Hoffman Estates, Illinois, United States.
Kmart Australia Limited is an Australian chain of retail stores (low-price stores), owned by Wesfarmers.
Kohl's Corporation is an American department store retailing chain.
Korea under Japanese rule began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II in 1945.
Kotva Department Store is a department store in Prague at the Náměstí Republiky (Republic Square).
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
La Polar is the fourth largest retail company in Chile, behind Falabella, Paris S.A and Ripley S.A. The company has 43 stores, being 38 in Chile and 5 in Colombia and offers various products, such as clothing, accessories, sporting goods, beauty products, gifts, infant products, electronics, furniture, furnishings, and household products.
(La) Rinascente (Italian for "the Resurgent") is a collection of high-end stores with Italian and international brands in fashion, accessories, beauty, homeware, design and food.
La Samaritaine (French pronunciation: la samaʁitɛn) was a large department store in Paris, France, located in the first arrondissement.
Lane Crawford is a retail company with specialty stores selling designer label luxury goods in Hong Kong and China.
Le Bon Marché (lit. "the good market", or "the good deal" in French) is a department store in Paris.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is time spent away from business, work, job hunting, domestic chores, and education, as well as necessary activities such as eating and sleeping.
Les Ailes de la Mode Inc. was a Quebec clothing retail store chain.
The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Lewis's was a chain of British department stores that operated from 1856 to 2010.
Lippo Group, is a real estate development company located in Indonesia.
Lisbon metropolitan area (Área Metropolitana de Lisboa, or AML) is an administrative division that includes 18 municipalities (concelhos) in Portugal and is a designated Level II and Level III Portuguese NUTS region.
This is a list of defunct department stores of the United States, from small-town one-unit stores to mega-chains, which have disappeared over the past 100 years.
This is a list of department stores.
This is a list of department stores of the United Kingdom.
Lit Brothers was a moderately-priced department store based in Philadelphia.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
El Puerto de Liverpool S.A.B. de C.V., commonly known as Liverpool, is a mid-to-high end retailer which operates the largest chain of department stores in Mexico, operating 23 shopping malls including Perisur and Galerías Monterrey.
Lord & Taylor is a department store in the United States, the oldest department store in the country.
Lotte Group (Katakana) is a Korean-Japanese conglomerate with headquarters in South Korea and Japan.
Lotte Department Store (Korean: 롯데백화점) is a Korean retail company established in 1979, and headquartered in Sogong-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
Lotte Mart is an east Asian hypermarket that sells a variety of groceries, clothing, toys, electronics, and other goods, with headquarters in South Korea.
Louis Charles Joseph Blériot (1 July 1872 – 1 August 1936) was a French aviator, inventor and engineer.
Louis Henry Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, and has been called the "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism".
In economics, a luxury good (or upmarket good) is a good for which demand increases more than proportionally as income rises, and is a contrast to a "necessity good", where demand increases proportionally less than income.
LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE, also known as LVMH, is a French multinational luxury goods conglomerate headquartered in Paris.
Macy's (originally R. H. Macy & Co.) (stylized macy*s) is an American department store chain founded in 1858 by Rowland Hussey Macy.
Macy's, Inc. (originally Federated Department Stores, Inc.) is an American holding company; it was founded by Xavier Warren in 1929.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Makro is an international brand of Warehouse clubs, also called cash and carries.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Manor AG is a Swiss department store chain with its headquarters in Basel.
Marks & Spencer Group plc (also known as M&S) is a major British multinational retailer headquartered in the City of Westminster, London.
Marshall Field's (officially Marshall Field & Company) was a department store in Chicago, Illinois, that grew to become a chain before being acquired by Federated Department Stores in 2005.
Marshalls is a chain of American off-price department stores owned by TJX Companies.
() is a Japanese retail company which operates a chain of department stores in Tokyo as well in other major Japanese cities.
PT Matahari Department Store Tbk doing business as Matahari is a retail business for several types of products such as clothes, accessories, bags, shoes, cosmetics, and household appliances, which provides management consulting service.
Matsuya Co., Ltd. (株式会社松屋) is a Japanese department store in Tokyo.
(TYO: 8235, delisted) is a major Japanese department store chain operated by Daimaru Matsuzakaya Department Stores, a subsidiary of J. Front Retailing.
Meijer Inc. is a regional American supercenter chain with its corporate headquarters in Walker, Michigan, in the Grand Rapids metropolitan area.
Mendoza is the capital of the province of Mendoza in Argentina.
Mervyn's was an American middle-scale department store chain based in Hayward, California, and founded by Mervin G. Morris.
Mesbla S.A. was a chain of Brazilian department stores that began operations in 1912 as a subsidiary of a French firm, and had its bankruptcy declared in 1999.
In astronomy, metallicity is used to describe the abundance of elements present in an object that are heavier than hydrogen or helium.
Metro is a Singapore and Indonesia based chain department store selling cosmetics, apparel and fashion accessories.
MJ Department Stores Sdn Bhd is a popular retail company in Malaysia which offers items at a medium-to-high rate.
Porto Metropolitan Area (Área Metropolitana do Porto) is a metropolitan area in coastal northern Portugal which covers 17 municipalities, including the City of Porto, making up the second biggest urban area in the country.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Migros is Switzerland's largest retail company, its largest supermarket chain and largest employer.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Mirano is a town and comune in the province of Venice, Veneto, Italy.
is an international department store chain with headquarters in Tokyo, Japan.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
Morgan's (formally Henry Morgan & Company) was a Montreal-based Canadian department store chain.
Mustafa Centre is one of Singapore's 24-hour shopping malls on Syed Alwi Road in the cultural district of Little India, within the planning area of Kallang.
Myer (stylised MYER), is an upmarket Australian department store chain trading in all Australian states and one of Australia's two self-governing territories.
The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.
Neiman Marcus Group Inc., originally Neiman-Marcus, is an American department store owned by the Neiman Marcus Group, headquartered in Dallas, Texas.
Nicolas Berggruen (born 10 August 1961) is a philanthropist and investor.
The Nordic countries or the Nordics are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North").
Nordiska Kompaniet (colloquially NK, and literally The Nordic Company) is the name of two department stores located in Stockholm and Gothenburg, in Sweden.
Nordstrom Inc. is an American-based chain of department stores, also operating in Canada and Puerto Rico, headquartered in Seattle, Washington.
The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821.
Northland Center was a shopping mall on an approximately site located near the intersection of M-10 and Greenfield Road in Southfield, Michigan, an inner-ring suburb of Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Odel (stylized as O▷ΞL and ODEL) is a public retail company, the first in Sri Lanka.
La Maison Ogilvy, or Ogilvy in English and French, is a prominent retail establishment located in downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Charles Ogilvy Limited, or Ogilvy's, was a department store in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, founded in 1887.
An oligopoly (from Ancient Greek ὀλίγος (olígos) "few" + πωλεῖν (polein) "to sell") is a market form wherein a market or industry is dominated by a small number of large sellers (oligopolists).
Orchard Road is a 2.2 kilometre-long major road in the Central Area of Singapore.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Pacific Sogo is a department store chain, headquartered in Taipei, Taiwan.
A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.
Pall Mall is a street in the St James's area of the City of Westminster, Central London.
Pantaloons is a Fashion Retail store which was previously controlled by the Future Group, and was taken over by Aditya Birla Group.
París, formerly known as Almacenes París (Paris Department Stores), is a chain of department stores in Chile, owned by multinational Cencosud.
Parisian Inc. was a U.S. chain of department stores founded and headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama.
Parkson Holdings Berhad (doing business as Parkson) is an Asian-based department store operator with an extensive network of 131 stores as of 2017, spanning approximately 2.1 million m2 of retail space across cities in Malaysia, China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Myanmar.
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests.
The Passage, from the French word passage, is an élite department store on Nevsky Avenue in Saint Petersburg, Russia, which was founded in 1848.
The Pennsylvania Railroad (or Pennsylvania Railroad Company and also known as the "Pennsy") was an American Class I railroad that was established in 1846 and was headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Peter Jones is a large department store in central London.
Petrovsky Passage is an elite department store opened on Petrovka Street in downtown Moscow in 1906.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Pingo Doce is one of the largest supermarket operators in Portugal with almost 400 stores (Continente, of Sonae Group, is the largest food retailer operating over 550 stores, and Minipreço, of Dia Group, is the chain with more stores c. 620).
The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, also known as "the Trib," was the second largest daily printed newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States until it transitioned to an all-digital format on December 1, 2016.
Pitusa is a chain of department stores operating in Puerto Rico.
Plate glass, flat glass or sheet glass is a type of glass, initially produced in plane form, commonly used for windows, glass doors, transparent walls, and windscreens.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Primark (known as Penneys in the Republic of Ireland) is an Irish clothing and accessories company which is a subsidiary of AB Foods, and is headquartered in Dublin.
Princes Street is one of the major thoroughfares in central Edinburgh, Scotland, and the main shopping street in the capital.
Printemps (meaning "spring" in French) is a French department store chain (grand magasin, literally "big store").
PUB was one of the major department stores in Stockholm, Sweden, located in two buildings at Hötorget, Stockholm city center.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
Ripley S. A. is a Chilean department store, financial services, and shopping malls management company.
Robert Sobel (February 19, 1931 – June 2, 1999) was an American professor of history at Hofstra University and a well-known and prolific writer of business histories.
Robinson Department Store (Thai: ห้างสรรพสินค้าโรบินสัน) is a Thai department store chain.
Robinsons & Co.
Robinsons Malls is one of the largest shopping malls and retail operators in the Philippines.
Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, in central Argentina.
Ross is an American chain of "off-price" (i.e., deeply discounted) department stores headquartered in Dublin, California, officially operating under the brandname, Ross Dress for Less.
Rowland Hussey Macy Sr. (August 30, 1822 – March 29, 1877) was an American businessman who founded the department store chain R.H. Macy and Company.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Rustan's is a Philippine chain of upmarket department stores owned by the Rustan Group of Companies.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Saks Fifth Avenue is an American luxury department store owned by the oldest commercial corporation in North America, the Hudson's Bay Company.
Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U.S. state of Utah.
Sam's West, Inc. (doing business as Sam's Club and stylized as Sam's CLUB) is an American chain of membership-only retail warehouse clubs owned and operated by Walmart Inc., founded in 1983 and named after Walmart founder Sam Walton.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
San Juan is the capital city of the Argentine province of San Juan in the Cuyo region, located in the Tulúm Valley, west of the San Juan River, at above mean sea level, with a population of around 112,000 as per the (over 500,000 in the metropolitan area).
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Sears, Roebuck and Company, colloquially known as Sears, is an American chain of department stores founded by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck in 1892, reincorporated (a formality for a history-making consumer sector initial public offering) by Richard Sears and new partner Julius Rosenwald in 1906.
Sears Operadora Mexico SA De CV is a department store chain located in Mexico, operating more than 75 stores all over Mexico.
Sears Canada Inc. was the Canadian subsidiary of the American-based Sears.
is a Japanese department store.
or is a Japanese group of supermarkets, shopping centers, and department stores owned by Walmart.
Selfridges, also known as Selfridges & Co., is a chain of high end department stores in the United Kingdom, operated by Selfridges Retail Limited.
Selfridges is a Grade II listed retail premises on Oxford Street in London.
Sociedad Española de Precios Únicos, S.A. (SEPU) was Spain's first department store.
Shahrvand department stores is an Iranian chain based in Tehran.
Shinsegae (Korean: 신세계) is a South Korean department store franchise, along with several other businesses, headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
Shiraz (fa, Šīrāz) is the fifth-most-populous city of Iran and the capital of Fars Province (Old Persian as Pars).
Shoppers Stop is an Indian department store chain, owned by the K Raheja Corp Group.
Siam Center (สยามเซนเตอร์) is a shopping center near Siam BTS Station in Bangkok, Thailand.
Siam Paragon (สยามพารากอน) is a shopping mall in Bangkok, Thailand. It is the sixth largest mall in Thailand, following CentralWorld, CentralPlaza WestGate, kingpower, viewmal and ETC... Siam Paragon includes a wide range of specialty stores and restaurants as well as a multiplex movie theatre (15 large screen theaters, the Sea Life Bangkok Ocean World aquarium, an exhibition hall, the Thai Art Gallery, and an opera concert hall.
SIMÁN is a department store from El Salvador, has 90 years of operation and currently has regionalized along Central America.
The Robert Simpson Company Limited, commonly known as Simpsons (previously Simpson's until 1972), was a Canadian department store chain that had its earliest roots in a store opened in 1858 by Robert Simpson.
PT Bumi Serpong Damai Tbk doing business as Sinar Mas Land, a business group of Sinar Mas Group, is a real estate development firm.
Sincere Department Store is a department store under the Sincere Company Limited and one of the oldest department chains in Hong Kong.
Sloane Square is a small hard-landscaped square on the boundaries of the central London districts of Knightsbridge, Belgravia and Chelsea, located southwest of Charing Cross, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
SM Retail Inc. is a private retail holding company based in Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines.
SM Supermalls, owned by SM Prime Holdings, is a chain of shopping malls in the Philippines that, as of May 2018, has 70 malls located across the country and about two dozen more scheduled to be open.
Smith & Caughey Ltd, trading as Smith & Caughey's is a mid-sized department store chain (consisting of just two premises) in Auckland, New Zealand, and is considered to be a top-range retail store.
is a department store chain that operates an extensive network of branches in Japan.
Sogo Hong Kong is one of Hong Kong's largest department stores.
Sokos is a chain of department stores in Finland that is part of the S Group.
Sonae (Sonae SGPS, S.A.) is a Portuguese retail company (Sonae MC and Sonae SR) with two big partnerships in the shopping centres areas (Sonae Sierra) and the Software and Information Systems, Media and Telecommunications (Sonaecom).
Southdale Center is a shopping mall located in Edina, Minnesota, a suburb of the Twin Cities.
Southland (Murihiku) is New Zealand's southernmost region.
A specialist store is a shop that caters to one specific retail market.
David Spencer Ltd. (commonly known as Spencer's) operated a department store chain in the province of British Columbia, Canada during the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.
Spencer's Retail is a chain of retail stores headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal having presence in over 35 cities in India.
Spinneys is a supermarket chain in the Middle East which began as railway provision merchants, and expanded to a grocery firm importing British Empire goods to the Mandate Palestine.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Steen & Strøm is a Scandinavian retail and real estate company that owns and operates 52 shopping centres in Norway, Sweden and Denmark.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Stockmann plc is a Finnish listed company engaged in the retail trade.
Stockmann Helsinki Centre is a culturally significant business building and department store located in the centre of Helsinki, Finland.
Strawbridge's, formerly Strawbridge & Clothier, was a department store in the northeastern United States, with stores in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.
Suburbia is a chain of department stores founded in 1970, operating more than 115 stores all over Mexico.
The Sullivan Center, formerly known as the Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building or Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Store, is a commercial building at 1 South State Street at the corner of East Madison Street in Chicago, Illinois.
Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan.
is a Japanese company that operates a department store chain carrying a wide array of products, ranging from wedding dresses and other apparel to electronics and flatware.
C.K. Tang Limited is a company that specializes within Singapore’s retail market, with its flagship store TANGS located on Orchard Road, Singapore.
Target Australia (formerly Lindsay's and later Lindsay's Target) is a mid-price department store chain owned by Wesfarmers.
Target Canada Co. was the Canadian subsidiary of the Target Corporation, the second-largest discount retailer in the United States.
Target Corporation is the second-largest department store retailer in the United States, behind Walmart, and is a component of the S&P 500 Index.
Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.
Tesco plc, trading as Tesco, is a British multinational groceries and general merchandise retailer with headquarters in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom.
Tesco Lotus is a hypermarket chain in Thailand operated by Ek-Chai Distribution System Co., Ltd.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
"The Crocodile" (Крокодил, Krokodil) is a short story by Fyodor Dostoyevsky that was first published in 1865 in his magazine Epoch.
The Detroit News is one of the two major newspapers in the U.S. city of Detroit, Michigan.
The Mall Group (Thai: เดอะมอลล์กรุ๊ป) is one of Thailand's largest mall operators.
The Mall of San Juan is a upscale shopping mall located across from the San José Lagoon at the south end of the Teodoro Moscoso Bridge, near the Luis Muñoz Marin International Airport in Carolina, Puerto Rico.
The May Department Stores Company was an American department store holding company, formerly headquartered in downtown St. Louis, Missouri.
The North West Company is a Canadian multinational grocery and retail company which operates stores in Canada's western provinces and northern territories, as well as the US states of Alaska, Hawaii, and several other countries and US territories in Oceania and the Caribbean.
The Sultan Center (TSC) (Arabic: مركز سلطان) is an organization based in Kuwait, incorporating a diverse range of products and services.
The Warehouse Group officially stylized as TWG, was founded by Stephen Tindall in 1982, and is the largest retail group operating in New Zealand.
TJ Maxx (often stylized as T•J•maxx) is an American department store chain, selling at prices generally lower than other major similar stores.
is a Japanese department store chain owned by Tokyu Group.
Tiendas Topeka (or Topeka Stores) is a large Puerto Rican retail department store chain.
TsUM — Central Universal Department Store (r) is one of the most renowned high end department stores in Moscow.
V&D (Vroom & Dreesmann) was a Dutch chain of department stores founded in 1887.
A variety store (also pound shop, dollar store, and other names) is a retail store that sells a wide range of inexpensive household goods.
Venture was a chain of discount department stores that operated in Australia between 1970 and 1994.
Vera Fyodorovna Komissarzhevskaya (Ве́ра Фё́доровна Комиссарже́вская; 8 November 1864 – 23 February 1910) was one of the most celebrated actresses and theatre managers of the late Russian Empire.
Von Maur, Inc., stylized as VON MAUR, is an American department store chain whose 32 stores in fifteen states anchor shopping malls or lifestyle centers.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
Waltons was an Australian department store chain, founded by John Walton (1904-1998).
John Wanamaker Department Store was the first department store in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and one of the first department stores in the United States.
A warehouse club (or wholesale club) is a retail store, usually selling a wide variety of merchandise, in which customers may buy large, wholesale quantities of the store's products, which makes these clubs attractive to both bargain hunters and small business owners.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
WBUR-FM (90.9 FM) is a public radio station located in Boston, Massachusetts, owned by Boston University.
Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.
Wertheim was a large department store chain in pre-World War II Germany.
Westbourne Grove is a retail road running across Notting Hill, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the City of Westminster, a section of west London.
Whiteleys is a large shopping centre in Bayswater, London, England, which opened in 1989.
Window shopping, sometimes called browsing, refers to an activity in which a consumer browses through or examines a store's merchandise as a form of leisure or external search behaviour without a current intent to buy.
Wing On is a department store company in Hong Kong.
Woodward & Lothrop was a department store chain headquartered in Washington, D.C. Woodward & Lothrop was Washington, D.C.'s first department store, opening in 1887.
Woodward's Stores Ltd. was a department store chain that operated in Alberta and British Columbia, Canada for one hundred years, before its sale to the Hudson's Bay Company.
Woolco was an American-based discount retail chain.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yaohan Co., LTD. (株式会社ヤオハン Kabushiki Kaisha Yaohan), or Yaohan (Japanese: ヤオハン or 八百半; Chinese: 八佰伴) was a Japanese retail group.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
Zion's Cooperative Mercantile Institution (typically referred to as ZCMI) was the first department store in the United States.
Zellers Inc. was a major Canadian chain discount department retailer based in Brampton, Ontario.
ZEN Department Store (Thai: เซน ดีพาร์ทเมนท์ สโตร์; Simplified Chinese: 先; Pinyin: Xiān) is an upmarket Thai department store chain with branches in Thailand and China, which is owned by Central Group.
The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, 1801, and ended on December 31, 1900.
280 Broadway – also known as the A.T. Stewart Dry Goods Store, the Marble Palace, and the Sun Building – an historic building located between Chambers and Reade Streets in the Civic Center district of Manhattan, New York City, was the first commercial building in the Italianate style in New York City, and is considered the site of one of the nation's first department stores.
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