75 relations: Addison's disease, Adjustment disorder, Adolescence, Analgesic, Androgen deficiency, Anticonvulsant, Antidepressant, Antimigraine drug, Antipsychotic, Aversion therapy, Beck's cognitive triad, Behavioral theories of depression, Beta blocker, Biology of depression, Bipolar disorder, Birth control, Borderline personality disorder, Bullying, Catastrophic injury, Child sexual abuse, Chronic pain, Cocaine, Cognition, Cushing's syndrome, Diabetes mellitus, Dysthymia, Evolutionary approaches to depression, Existential crisis, Extraversion and introversion, Feeling, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, Hallucinogen, Hormone therapy, Hypothyroidism, Iatrogenesis, Inhalant, Interferon, Isotretinoin, JAMA (journal), LGBT, Lyme disease, Major depressive disorder, Major depressive episode, Major trauma, Malnutrition, Melancholia, Menopause, Mood (psychology), Mood disorder, Multiple sclerosis, ..., National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Natural disaster, Neglect, Neuroticism, Opioid, Parkinson's disease, Peer pressure, Physical abuse, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Psychiatry, Psychological abuse, Psychological stress, Psychology, Seasonal affective disorder, Sedative, Sexual abuse, Side effect, Social isolation, Social rejection, Stimulant, Subjective well-being, Substance abuse, Substance intoxication, Substituted amphetamine, Tripartite Model of Anxiety and Depression. Expand index (25 more) » « Shrink index
Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism, is a long-term endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough steroid hormones.
An adjustment disorder (AD)—sometimes called exogenous, reactive, or situational depression—occurs when an individual is unable to adjust to or cope with a particular stress or a major life event.
AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.
An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.
Androgen deficiency also known as hypoandrogenism and androgen deficiency syndrome, is a medical condition characterized by not enough androgenic activity in the body.
Anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs or as antiseizure drugs) are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures.
Antidepressants are drugs used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and other conditions, including dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive–compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and, in some cases, dysmenorrhoea, snoring, migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, dependence, and sleep disorders.
An antimigraine drug is a medication intended to reduce the effects or intensity of migraine headache.
Antipsychotics, also known as neuroleptics or major tranquilizers, are a class of medication primarily used to manage psychosis (including delusions, hallucinations, paranoia or disordered thought), principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Aversion therapy is a form of psychological treatment in which the patient is exposed to a stimulus while simultaneously being subjected to some form of discomfort.
Beck's cognitive triad, also known as the negative triad, is an irrational and pessimistic view of the three key elements of a person's belief system present in depression.
Behavioral theories of depression explain the etiology of depression based on the behavioural sciences, and they form the basis for behavioral therapies for depression.
Beta blockers, also written β-blockers, are a class of medications that are particularly used to manage abnormal heart rhythms, and to protect the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention).
Scientific studies have found that numerous brain areas show altered activity in patients suffering from depression, and this has encouraged advocates of various theories that seek to identify a biochemical origin of the disease, as opposed to theories that emphasize psychological or situational causes.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
Borderline personality disorder (BPD), also known as emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD), is a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by unstable relationships with other people, unstable sense of self, and unstable emotions.
Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.
A catastrophic injury is a severe injury to the spine, spinal cord, or brain, and may also include skull or spinal fractures.
Child sexual abuse, also called child molestation, is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.
Chronic pain is pain that lasts a long time.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Cushing's syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms due to prolonged exposure to cortisol.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Dysthymia, now known as persistent depressive disorder (PDD), is a mood disorder consisting of the same cognitive and physical problems as depression, with less severe but longer-lasting symptoms.
Evolutionary approaches to depression are attempts by evolutionary psychologists to use the theory of evolution to shed light on the problem of mood disorders.
An existential crisis is a moment at which an individual questions if their life has meaning, purpose, or value.
The trait of extraversion–introversion is a central dimension of human personality theories.
Feeling is the nominalization of the verb to feel.
A gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) is a type of medication which affects gonadotropins and sex hormones.
A hallucinogen is a psychoactive agent which can cause hallucinations, perceptual anomalies, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness.
Hormone therapy or hormonal therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment.
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
Iatrogenesis (from the Greek for "brought forth by the healer") refers to any effect on a person resulting from any activity of one or more persons acting as healthcare professionals or promoting products or services as beneficial to health that does not support a goal of the person affected.
Inhalants are a broad range of household and industrial chemicals whose volatile vapors or pressurized gases are concentrated and breathed in via the nose or mouth to produce intoxication (called "getting high" in slang), in a manner not intended by the manufacturer.
Interferons (IFNs) are a group of signaling proteins made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and also tumor cells.
Isotretinoin, also known as 13-cis-retinoic acid (and colloquially referred to by its former brand name Accutane or Roaccutane), is a medication primarily used to treat severe acne.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the Borrelia type which is spread by ticks.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
A major depressive episode (MDE) is a period characterized by the symptoms of major depressive disorder.
Major trauma is any injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or death.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Melancholia (from µέλαινα χολή),Burton, Bk.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.
In psychology, a mood is an emotional state.
Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health in the United Kingdom, which publishes guidelines in four areas.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
Neglect is a form of abuse where the perpetrator, who is responsible for caring for someone who is unable to care for themselves, fails to do so.
Neuroticism is one of the Big Five higher-order personality traits in the study of psychology.
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Peer pressure (or social pressure) is the direct influence on people by peers, or the effect on an individual who gets encouraged to follow their peers by changing their attitudes, values or behaviors to conform to those of the influencing group or individual.
Physical abuse is any intentional act causing injury or trauma to another person or animal by way of bodily contact.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Psychological abuse (also referred to as psychological violence, emotional abuse, or mental abuse) is a form of abuse, characterized by a person subjecting, or exposing, another person to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.
In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a mood disorder subset in which people who have normal mental health throughout most of the year exhibit depressive symptoms at the same time each year, most commonly in the winter.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.
Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is usually undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another.
In medicine, a side effect is an effect, whether therapeutic or adverse, that is secondary to the one intended; although the term is predominantly employed to describe adverse effects, it can also apply to beneficial, but unintended, consequences of the use of a drug.
Social isolation is a state of complete or near-complete lack of contact between an individual and society.
Social rejection occurs when an individual is deliberately excluded from a social relationship or social interaction.
Stimulants (also often referred to as psychostimulants or colloquially as uppers) is an overarching term that covers many drugs including those that increase activity of the central nervous system and the body, drugs that are pleasurable and invigorating, or drugs that have sympathomimetic effects.
Subjective well-being (SWB) is a self-reported measure of well-being, typically obtained by questionnaire.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
Substance intoxication is a type of substance use disorder which is potentially maladaptive and impairing, but reversible, and associated with recent use of a substance.
Substituted amphetamines are a class of compounds based upon the amphetamine structure; it includes all derivative compounds which are formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the amphetamine core structure with substituents.
Watson and Clark (1991) proposed the Tripartite Model of Anxiety and Depression to help explain the comorbidity between anxious and depressive symptoms and disorders.
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