87 relations: Amatol, Andrew J. May, Anti-submarine missile, Anti-submarine warfare, Anti-submarine weapon, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Avro Anson, Balao-class submarine, Battle of the Atlantic, Birger Ek, Bouncing bomb, British Army, Bureau of Ordnance, Canadian Nautical Research Society, Charles A. Lockwood, Cold War, Commonwealth of Nations, County Kerry, Crash dive, Da Capo Press, Demining, Detonation, Explosive material, Finland, Finnish Air Force, Fleet Air Arm, Forecastle, Fuze, Gato-class submarine, German submarine U-427, Hedgehog (weapon), Helicopter, HMS Farnborough, HMS Vernon (shore establishment), Honolulu, Hydrostatics, John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, Joule, Killed in action, Leigh Light, Maritime patrol aircraft, Mark 24 mine, Naval mine, Naval trawler, New London Ship and Engine Company, Nitrocellulose, No. 233 Squadron RAF, No. 6 Squadron (Finland), North American Society for Oceanic History, Northern Mariner, ..., Nuclear depth bomb, Nuclear weapon, Operation Chastise, Pacific War, Q-ship, RAF Coastal Command, Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force Museum, Royal Navy, Salmon-class submarine, Ship, Shock factor, SM U-67, SM U-68, SM U-69, SM UB-29, SM UC-19, Sonar, Soviet Union, Squid (weapon), Sterling Publishing, Stokes mortar, Submarine, Submarine depth ratings, Thornycroft, TNT, Torpedo, Torpedo tube, Torpex, Tupolev SB, United States House Committee on Armed Services, United States House of Representatives, United States Naval Institute, United States S-class submarine, UUM-44 SUBROC, World War I, World War II. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
Amatol is a highly explosive material made from a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate.
Andrew Jackson May (June 24, 1875 – September 6, 1959) was a Kentucky attorney, an influential New Deal-era politician, and chairman of the House Military Affairs Committee during World War II, infamous for his rash disclosure of classified naval information that resulted in the loss of 10 American submarines and 800 sailors, and his subsequent conviction for bribery.
An anti-submarine missile is a standoff anti-submarine weapon.
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines.
An anti-submarine weapon (ASW) is any one of a number of devices that are intended to act against a submarine and its crew, to destroy (sink) the vessel or reduce its capability as a weapon of war.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
The Avro Anson is a British twin-engined, multi-role aircraft built by the aircraft manufacturer Avro.
The Balao class was a successful design of United States Navy submarine used during World War II, and with 120 units completed, the largest class of submarines in the United States Navy.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
Rolf Birger Ek (born 23 January 1911 in Kymi, Finland, dead 7 July 1990 in Lahti) was a Finnish pilot and Mannerheim Cross Knight.
A bouncing bomb is a bomb designed to bounce to a target across water in a calculated manner to avoid obstacles such as torpedo nets, and to allow both the bomb's speed on arrival at the target and the timing of its detonation to be pre-determined, in a similar fashion to a regular naval depth charge.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The Bureau of Ordnance (BuOrd) was the U.S. Navy's organization responsible for the procurement, storage, and deployment of all naval weapons, between the years 1862 and 1959.
The Canadian Nautical Research Society / Société canadienne pour la recherche nautique (CNRS / SCRN) was originally established as the Canadian Society for the Promotion of Nautical Research, then incorporated 25 October 1984 under its current name and achieved the status of a registered charity shortly thereafter.
Charles Andrews Lockwood (May 6, 1890 – June 7, 1967) was a vice-admiral and flag officer of the United States Navy.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
County Kerry (Contae Chiarraí) is a county in Ireland.
A crash dive is a maneuver by a submarine in which the vessel submerges as quickly as possible to avoid attack.
Da Capo Press is an American publishing company with headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.
Demining or mine clearance is the process of removing land mines from an area, while minesweeping describes the act of detecting mines.
Detonation is a type of combustion involving a supersonic exothermic front accelerating through a medium that eventually drives a shock front propagating directly in front of it.
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Flygvapnet) ("Air Arm") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
The forecastle (abbreviated fo'c'sle or fo'c's'le) is the upper deck of a sailing ship forward of the foremast, or the forward part of a ship with the sailors' living quarters.
In military munitions, a fuze (sometimes fuse) is the part of the device that initiates function.
The Gato class were a class of submarines built for the United States Navy and launched in 1941–1943; they were the first mass-production U.S. submarine class of World War II.
German submarine U-427 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
The Hedgehog (also known as an Anti-Submarine Projector) was a forward-throwing anti-submarine weapon that was used during the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
HMS Farnborough, also known as (Q-5), was a Q-ship of the British Royal Navy that saw service in the First World War.
HMS Vernon was a shore establishment or "stone frigate" of the Royal Navy.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
Fluid statics or hydrostatics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies fluids at rest.
Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, (5 December 1859 – 20 November 1935) was a Royal Navy officer.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
The Leigh Light (abbreviated L/L) was a British World War II era anti-submarine device used in the Battle of the Atlantic.
A maritime patrol aircraft (MPA), also known as a patrol aircraft, maritime reconnaissance aircraft, or by the older American term patrol bomber, is a fixed-wing aircraft designed to operate for long durations over water in maritime patrol roles — in particular anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-ship warfare (AShW), and search and rescue (SAR).
The Mark 24 mine (also known as FIDO or Fido) was a United States air-dropped passive acoustic homing anti-submarine torpedo used during the Second World War against German and Japanese submarines.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
A naval trawler is a vessel built along the lines of a fishing trawler but fitted out for naval purposes.
The New London Ship and Engine Company (NELSECO) was established in Groton, Connecticut as a subsidiary of the Electric Boat Company to manufacture diesel engines.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
The North American Society for Oceanic History (NASOH) is the national organization in the United States of America for professional historians, underwater archeologists, archivists, librarians, museum specialists and others working in the broad field of maritime history.
The Northern Mariner/Le marin du nord is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Canadian Nautical Research Society/Société canadienne pour la recherche nautique in association with the North American Society for Oceanic History.
A nuclear depth bomb is the nuclear equivalent of the conventional depth charge, and can be used in anti-submarine warfare for attacking submerged submarines.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
Operation Chastise was an attack on German dams carried out on 16–17 May 1943 by Royal Air Force No. 617 Squadron, later called the Dam Busters, using a purpose-built "bouncing bomb" developed by Barnes Wallis.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Q-ships, also known as Q-boats, decoy vessels, special service ships, or mystery ships, were heavily armed merchant ships with concealed weaponry, designed to lure submarines into making surface attacks.
RAF Coastal Command was a formation within the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Air Force Museum is a museum dedicated to the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The United States Navy Salmon-class submarines were an important developmental step in the design of the "fleet submarine" concept during the 1930s.
A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways, carrying passengers or goods, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research and fishing.
Shock factor is a commonly used figure of merit for estimating the amount of shock experienced by a naval target from an underwater explosion as a function of explosive charge weight, slant range, and depression angle (between vessel and charge).
SM U-67 was a Type U 66 submarine or U-boat for the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) during the First World War.
SM U-68 was a Type U 66 submarine or U-boat for the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) during the First World War.
SM U-69 was a Type U 66 submarine or U-boat for the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) during the First World War.
SM UB-29 was a German Type UB II submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I. The U-boat was ordered on 30 April 1915 and launched on 31 December 1915.
SM UC-19 was a German Type UC II minelaying submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I. The U-boat was ordered on 26 August 1915 and was launched on 15 March 1916.
Sonar (originally an acronym for SOund Navigation And Ranging) is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater, as in submarine navigation) to navigate, communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Squid was a British World War II ship-mounted anti-submarine weapon.
Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. is a publisher of a broad range of subject areas, with multiple imprints and more than 5,000 titles in print.
The Stokes mortar was a British trench mortar invented by Sir Wilfred Stokes KBE that was issued to the British, Empire and U.S. armies, as well as the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP), during the later half of the First World War.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
Depth ratings are primary design parameters and measures of a submarine's ability to operate underwater.
Thornycroft was a United Kingdom-based vehicle manufacturer which built coaches, buses, and trucks from 1896 until 1977.
Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
A torpedo tube is a cylinder shaped device for launching torpedoes.
Torpex is a secondary explosive, 50% more powerful than TNT by mass.
The Tupolev ANT-40, also known by its service name Tupolev SB (Скоростной бомбардировщик – Skorostnoi Bombardirovschik – high speed bomber) and development co-name TsAGI-40, was a high speed twin-engined three-seat monoplane bomber, first flown in 1934.
The U.S. House Committee on Armed Services, commonly known as the House Armed Services Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Naval Institute (USNI), based in Annapolis, Maryland, is a private, non-profit, professional military association that seeks to offer independent, nonpartisan forums for debate of national defense and security issues.
The United States' S-class submarines, often simply called S-boats (sometimes "Sugar" boats, after the then contemporary Navy phonetic alphabet for "S"), were the first class of submarines with a significant number built to United States Navy designs.
The UUM-44 SUBROC (SUBmarine ROCket) was a type of submarine-launched rocket deployed by the United States Navy as an anti-submarine weapon.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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