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Derivative (chemistry)

Index Derivative (chemistry)

In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction. [1]

17 relations: Aldehyde, Atom, Biochemistry, Chemical compound, Chemical reaction, Chemistry, Derivatization, Functional group, Ketone, Melting point, Organic chemistry, Precursor (chemistry), Product (chemistry), Semicarbazone, Spectroscopy, Structural analog, 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine.


An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.

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An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.

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Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

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Chemical compound

A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.

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Chemical reaction

A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.

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Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.

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Derivatization is a technique used in chemistry which transforms a chemical compound into a product (the reaction's derivate) of similar chemical structure, called a derivative.

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Functional group

In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.

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In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.

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Melting point

The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.

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Organic chemistry

Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.

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Precursor (chemistry)

In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.

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Product (chemistry)

Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.

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In organic chemistry, a semicarbazone is a derivative of imines formed by a condensation reaction between a ketone or aldehyde and semicarbazide.

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Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

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Structural analog

A structural analog, also known as a chemical analog or simply an analog, is a compound having a structure similar to that of another compound, but differing from it in respect to a certain component.

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2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH, Brady's reagent, Borche's reagent) is the chemical compound C6H3(NO2)2NHNH2.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derivative_(chemistry)

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