137 relations: Acupuncture, Adolescence, Allergen, Allergic contact dermatitis, Allergy, Ancient Greek, Ankle, Antibiotic, Antihistamine, Asthma, Atopic dermatitis, Atrophoderma, Autoeczematization, Avenanthramide, Azathioprine, Bacteria, Balsam of Peru, Barrier cream, Biotin, Blister, Borage seed oil, Buttocks, Ceramide, Chemical substance, Chiropractic, Ciclosporin, Clobetasol propionate, Coeliac disease, Contact dermatitis, Copy-number variation, Corticosteroid, Cradle cap, Cutaneous condition, Dandruff, Dermatitis herpetiformis, Dermatology, Detergent, Developed country, Diphenhydramine, Dupilumab, Dyshidrosis, Eczema herpeticum, Eczema vaccinatum, Edema, Elbow, Erythema, European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Eyebrow, Face, Feces, ..., Filaggrin, Fish oil, Food allergy, Forearm, Forehead, Fungus, Habit, Hair loss, Hand, Hand eczema, Hemp oil, Heredity, House dust mite, Human nose, Human skin, Hydrocortisone, Hygiene hypothesis, Hypersensitivity, Immunosuppressive drug, Infant, Inflammation, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Irritant contact dermatitis, Irritant diaper dermatitis, Itch, Knee, Lichen simplex chronicus, Light therapy, Lymphoma, Medical error, Methotrexate, Moisturizer, Monoclonal antibody, Mouth, Neck, Nickel, Nummular dermatitis, Occlusive dressing, Oenothera biennis, Oxford English Dictionary, Pain, Papule, Parasitism, Patch test, Perioral dermatitis, Photodermatitis, Pimecrolimus, Pregnancy, Probiotic, Prurigo nodularis, Psoralen, Psoriasis, Pyridoxine, Rash, Red burning skin, Scabies, Scalp, Scrotum, Sea buckthorn oil, Seborrhoeic dermatitis, Sex organ, Shoulders, Skin cancer, Skin infection, Soap, Sodium dodecyl sulfate, Spongiosis, Stasis dermatitis, Steroid, Stretch marks, Sulfur, Sunflower oil, Swelling (medical), Synonym, Tacrolimus, Telangiectasia, The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Thigh, Thorax, Toxicodendron radicans, Ultraviolet, Varicose veins, Venous stasis, Venous ulcer, Virus, Vulva, Wrist. Expand index (87 more) » « Shrink index
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine in which thin needles are inserted into the body.
AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a form of contact dermatitis that is the manifestation of an allergic response caused by contact with a substance; the other type being irritant contact dermatitis (ICD).
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
The ankle, or the talocrural region, is the region where the foot and the leg meet.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antihistamines are drugs which treat allergic rhinitis and other allergies.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as atopic eczema, is a type of inflammation of the skin (dermatitis).
Atrophoderma refers to conditions involving skin atrophy.
Autoeczematization refers to the development of widespread dermatitis or dermatitis distant from a local inflammatory focus.
Avenanthramides (Anthranilic acid amides) are a group of phenolic alkaloids found mainly in oats (Avena sativa), but also present in white cabbage butterflies eggs (Pieris brassicae and P. rapae), and in fungus infected carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus).
Azathioprine (AZA), sold under the brand name Imuran among others, is an immunosuppressive medication.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Balsam of Peru, also known and marketed by many other names, is a balsam derived from a tree known as Myroxylon balsamum var.
A barrier cream is a topical formulation used in industrial applications and as a cosmetic to place a physical barrier between the skin and contaminants that may irritate the skin (contact dermatitis or occupational dermatitis).
Biotin is a water-soluble B vitamin, also called vitamin B7 and formerly known as vitamin H or coenzyme R. Biotin is composed of a ureido ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring.
A blister is a small pocket of body fluid (lymph, serum, plasma, blood, or pus) within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.
Borage seed oil is derived from the seeds of the Borago officinalis (borage).
The buttocks (singular: buttock) are two rounded portions of the anatomy, located on the posterior of the pelvic region of primates (including humans), and many other bipeds or quadrupeds, and comprise a layer of fat superimposed on the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles.
Ceramides are a family of waxy lipid molecules.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.
Ciclosporin, also spelled cyclosporine and cyclosporin, is an immunosuppressant medication and natural product.
Clobetasol propionate is a corticosteroid of the glucocorticoid class used to treat various skin disorders including eczema and psoriasis.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
Contact dermatitis is a type of inflammation of the skin.
Copy number variation (CNV) is a phenomenon in which sections of the genome are repeated and the number of repeats in the genome varies between individuals in the human population.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
Cradle cap is a yellowish, patchy, greasy, scaly and crusty skin rash that occurs on the scalp of recently born babies.
A cutaneous condition is any medical condition that affects the integumentary system—the organ system that encloses the body and includes skin, hair, nails, and related muscle and glands.
Dandruff is a skin condition that mainly affects the scalp.
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a chronic blistering skin condition, characterised by blisters filled with a watery fluid.
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine mainly used to treat allergies.
Dupilumab, sold under the trade name Dupixent, is a monoclonal antibody designed for the treatment of allergic diseases such as eczema.
Dyshidrosis, is a type of dermatitis, that is characterized by itchy blisters on the palms of the hands and bottoms of the feet.
Eczema herpeticum is a rare but severe disseminated infection that generally occurs at sites of skin damage produced by, for example, atopic dermatitis, burns, long term usage of topical steroids or eczema.
Eczema vaccinatum is a rare severe adverse reaction to smallpox vaccination.
Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.
The elbow is the visible joint between the upper and lower parts of the arm.
Erythema (from the Greek erythros, meaning red) is redness of the skin or mucous membranes, caused by hyperemia (increased blood flow) in superficial capillaries.
The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (formerly the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology) is an international organisation of national associations and of individual persons, constituted as an association pursuant to Article 60 et seq. of the Swiss Civil Code.
The eyebrow is an area of thick, delicate hairs above the eye that follows the shape of the lower margin of the brow ridges of some mammals.
The face is a central body region of sense and is also very central in the expression of emotion among humans and among numerous other species.
Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.
Filaggrin (filament aggregating protein) is a filament-associated protein that binds to keratin fibers in epithelial cells.
Fish oil is oil derived from the tissues of oily fish.
A food allergy is an abnormal immune response to food.
The forearm is the region of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist.
In human anatomy, the forehead is an area of the head bounded by three features, two of the skull and one of the scalp.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
A habit (or wont) is a routine of behavior that is repeated regularly and tends to occur subconsciously.
Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body.
A hand is a prehensile, multi-fingered appendage located at the end of the forearm or forelimb of primates such as humans, chimpanzees, monkeys, and lemurs.
Hand eczema presents on the palms and soles, and may sometimes be difficult or impossible to differentiate from atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and psoriasis, which also commonly involve the hands.
Hemp oil or hempseed oil is obtained by pressing hemp seeds.
Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.
House dust mites (HDM, or simply dust mites) are a large number of mites found in association with dust in dwellings.
The human nose is the protruding part of the face that bears the nostrils.
The human skin is the outer covering of the body.
Hydrocortisone, sold under a number of brand names, is the name for the hormone cortisol when supplied as a medication.
In medicine, the hygiene hypothesis states a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents, symbiotic microorganisms (such as the gut flora or probiotics), and parasites increases susceptibility to allergic diseases by suppressing the natural development of the immune system.
Hypersensitivity (also called hypersensitivity reaction or intolerance) refers to undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system, including allergies and autoimmunity.
Immunosuppressive drugs or immunosuppressive agents or antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system.
An infant (from the Latin word infans, meaning "unable to speak" or "speechless") is the more formal or specialised synonym for "baby", the very young offspring of a human.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.
Irritant contact dermatitis is a form of contact dermatitis that can be divided into forms caused by chemical irritants and those caused by physical irritants.
Irritant diaper dermatitis is a generic term applied to skin rashes in the diaper area that are caused by various skin disorders and/or irritants.
Itch (also known as pruritus) is a sensation that causes the desire or reflex to scratch.
The knee joins the thigh with the leg and consists of two joints: one between the femur and tibia (tibiofemoral joint), and one between the femur and patella (patellofemoral joint).
Lichen simplex chronicus (LSC) (also known as neurodermatitis) is a skin disorder characterized by chronic itching and scratching.
Light therapy—or phototherapy, classically referred to as heliotherapy—consists of exposure to daylight or to specific wavelengths of light using polychromatic polarised light, lasers, light-emitting diodes, fluorescent lamps, dichroic lamps or very bright, full-spectrum light.
Lymphoma is a group of blood cancers that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient.
Methotrexate (MTX), formerly known as amethopterin, is a chemotherapy agent and immune system suppressant.
Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents (often occlusives help hold water in the skin after application, humectants attract moisture and emollients help smooth the skin.) specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable.
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb or moAb) are antibodies that are made by identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell.
In animal anatomy, the mouth, also known as the oral cavity, buccal cavity, or in Latin cavum oris, is the opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds.
The neck is the part of the body, on many vertebrates, that separates the head from the torso.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
Nummular dermatitis (also known as "discoid dermatitis," "discoid eczema," "microbial eczema," "nummular eczema," and "nummular neurodermatitis") is one of the many forms of dermatitis.
An occlusive dressing is an air- and water-tight trauma medical dressing used in first aid.
Oenothera biennis (common evening-primrose, evening star, sun drop, weedy evening primrose, German rampion, hog weed, King's cure-all, or fever-plant.) is a species of Oenothera native to eastern and central North America, from Newfoundland west to Alberta, southeast to Florida, and southwest to Texas, and widely naturalized elsewhere in temperate and subtropical regions.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
A papule is a circumscribed, solid elevation of skin with no visible fluid, varying in area from a pinhead to 1 cm.
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
A patch test is a method used to determine whether a specific substance causes allergic inflammation of a patient's skin.
Perioral dermatitis is a type of skin rash.
Photodermatitis, sometimes referred to as sun poisoning or photoallergy, is a form of allergic contact dermatitis in which the allergen must be activated by light to sensitize the allergic response, and to cause a rash or other systemic effects on subsequent exposure.
Pimecrolimus is an immunomodulating agent of the calcineurin inhibitor class used in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (eczema).
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Probiotics are microorganisms that are claimed to provide health benefits when consumed.
Prurigo nodularis (PN), also known as nodular prurigo, is a skin disease characterised by pruritic (itchy) nodules which usually appear on the arms or legs.
Psoralen (also called psoralene) is the parent compound in a family of natural products known as furocoumarins.
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin.
Pyridoxine, also known as vitamin B6, is a form of vitamin B6 found commonly in food and used as dietary supplement.
A rash is a change of the human skin which affects its color, appearance, or texture.
Red burning skin, also known as topical steroid addiction and steroid dermatitis, has been reported in long-term users of topical steroids.
Scabies, also known as the seven-year itch, is a contagious skin infestation by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei.
The scalp is the anatomical area bordered by the face at the front, and by the neck at the sides and back.
The scrotum is an anatomical male reproductive structure that consists of a suspended dual-chambered sack of skin and smooth muscle that is present in most terrestrial male mammals and located under the penis.
Sea buckthorn oil is derived from plants in a group of species of the genus Hippophae, the most commonly used of which is Hippophae rhamnoides.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis, also known as seborrhoea, is a long-term skin disorder.
A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal's body that is involved in sexual reproduction.
Shoulders is a drinking game that involves players competing in a fast paced game attempting to "count" to 21.
Skin cancers are cancers that arise from the skin.
Infection of the skin is distinguished from dermatitis, Stating: "Excludes:...
Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.
Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), synonymously sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), or sodium laurilsulfate, is a synthetic organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)11SO4 Na.
Spongiosis is mainly intercellular edema (abnormal accumulation of fluid) in the epidermis,Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelso; Abbas, Abul (2004) Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Saunders.
Stasis dermatitis refers to the skin changes that occur in the leg as a result of "stasis" or blood pooling from insufficient venous return; the alternative name of varicose eczema comes from a common cause of this being varicose veins.
A steroid is a biologically active organic compound with four rings arranged in a specific molecular configuration.
Stretch marks, also known as striae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil pressed from the seeds of sunflower (Helianthus annuus).
In medical parlance, swelling, turgescence or tumefaction is a transient abnormal enlargement of a body part or area not caused by proliferation of cells.
A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
Telangiectasias, also known as spider veins, are small dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin or mucous membranes, measuring between 0.5 and 1 millimeter in diameter.
The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering research on allergy and immunology.
In human anatomy, the thigh is the area between the hip (pelvis) and the knee.
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.
Toxicodendron radicans, commonly known as eastern poison ivy or poison ivy, is a poisonous Asian and Eastern North American flowering plant that is well-known for causing urushiol-induced contact dermatitis, an itchy, irritating, and sometimes painful rash, in most people who touch it.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Varicose veins are veins that have become enlarged and twisted.
Venous stasis, or venostasis, is a condition of slow blood flow in the veins, usually of the legs.
Venous ulcers (venous insufficiency ulceration, stasis ulcers, stasis dermatitis, varicose ulcers, or ulcus cruris) are wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of venous valves, usually of the legs (hence leg ulcers).
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
The vulva (wrapper, covering, plural vulvae or vulvas) consists of the external female sex organs.
In human anatomy, the wrist is variously defined as 1) the carpus or carpal bones, the complex of eight bones forming the proximal skeletal segment of the hand;Behnke 2006, p. 76. "The wrist contains eight bones, roughly aligned in two rows, known as the carpal bones."Moore 2006, p. 485. "The wrist (carpus), the proximal segment of the hand, is a complex of eight carpal bones. The carpus articulates proximally with the forearm at the wrist joint and distally with the five metacarpals. The joints formed by the carpus include the wrist (radiocarpal joint), intercarpal, carpometacarpal and intermetacarpal joints. Augmenting movement at the wrist joint, the rows of carpals glide on each other " (2) the wrist joint or radiocarpal joint, the joint between the radius and the carpus and (3) the anatomical region surrounding the carpus including the distal parts of the bones of the forearm and the proximal parts of the metacarpus or five metacarpal bones and the series of joints between these bones, thus referred to as wrist joints.Behnke 2006, p. 77. "With the large number of bones composing the wrist (ulna, radius, eight carpas, and five metacarpals), it makes sense that there are many, many joints that make up the structure known as the wrist."Baratz 1999, p. 391. "The wrist joint is composed of not only the radiocarpal and distal radioulnar joints but also the intercarpal articulations." This region also includes the carpal tunnel, the anatomical snuff box, bracelet lines, the flexor retinaculum, and the extensor retinaculum. As a consequence of these various definitions, fractures to the carpal bones are referred to as carpal fractures, while fractures such as distal radius fracture are often considered fractures to the wrist.
Adult seborrhoeic eczema, Allergic or sensitive dermatitis, Anal eczema, Chronic dermatitis of the hands and feet, Dermitis, Dermititis, Ecsima, Ecsma, Eczema, Eczema infantum, Eczema treatment, Eczematid, Eczematoid, Eczematous dermatitis, Eczma, Etat craquelé, Excema, Exhema, Exima, Exma, Exudative discoid and lichenoid dermatitis, Exudative eczema, Exzema, Eyelid eczema, Ezcema, Hyperkeratotic palmar eczema, Infected eczema, Infective dermatitis, Infective eczema, Intertriginous eczema, Lick eczema, Moisturizers in eczema, NEC atopic eczema, NEC dermatitis, Perianal eczema, Perivascular dermatitis, Phototoxic eczema, Psoriasiform palmar eczema, Purulent dermatitis, Salt rheum, Scrotal eczema, Skin asthma, Vesicular dermatitis, Vulvar dermatitis, Weeping Eczema, Weeping eczema, Wet eczema.