124 relations: AfterStep, Ambient (desktop environment), Amiga, AmigaOS, Android (operating system), Apple Inc., Apple Lisa, Application software, Aqua (user interface), AROS Research Operating System, Étoilé, Budgie (desktop environment), BumpTop, Chromebook, Chromebox, Cinnamon (software), Command-line interface, Common Desktop Environment, Comparison of BSD operating systems, Comparison of X Window System desktop environments, Computing, Desktop metaphor, Directory (computing), Directory Opus, Dolphin (file manager), Drag and drop, EComStation, EDE (desktop environment), Elementary OS, Enlightenment (software), File manager, Fluxbox, FreeBSD, Freedesktop.org, FVWM, FVWM-Crystal, GNOME, GNOME Files, GNOME Shell, GNUstep, Graphical user interface, Graphics Environment Manager, GTK+, Human interface guidelines, Human–computer interaction, IceWM, Icon (computing), Implementation, IOS, IRIX Interactive Desktop, ..., Java Desktop System, KDE, KDE Software Compilation, KIO, KWin, Library (computing), Linux, List of graphical user interface elements, Lumina (desktop environment), LXDE, LXQt, Macintosh, MacOS, MATE (software), Mezzo (desktop environment), Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, Mobile computing, MorphOS, Mutter (software), Next Unit of Computing, NeXTSTEP, Openbox, Operating system, OS/2, Personal computer, Project Looking Glass, Proprietary software, Qt (software), Raspberry Pi, Razor-qt, ROX Desktop, Sailfish OS, Shell (computing), Skin (computing), Software widget, Spatial file manager, Sugar (software), Tizen, Toolbar, Trinity Desktop Environment, Twm, Ubuntu (operating system), UDE, Unity (user interface), Unix, Unix-like, Wallpaper (computing), Wayland (display server protocol), Widget (GUI), Widget toolkit, WIMP (computing), Window (computing), Window Maker, Window manager, Windowing system, WindowLab, Windows Aero, Windows Phone, Windows RT, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows XP visual styles, Wmii, Workbench (AmigaOS), Workplace Shell, X window manager, X Window System, Xerox, Xerox Alto, XFast, Xfce, Xito, Zune (widget toolkit). Expand index (74 more) » « Shrink index
AfterStep is a stacking window manager for the X Window System.
Ambient is a MUI-based desktop environment for MorphOS.
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
AmigaOS is a family of proprietary native operating systems of the Amiga and AmigaOne personal computers.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Apple Lisa is a desktop computer developed by Apple, released on January 19, 1983.
An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
Aqua is the graphical user interface (GUI) and visual theme of Apple's macOS operating system.
AROS Research Operating System (AROS pronounced "AR-OS") is a free and open source multi media centric implementation of the AmigaOS 3.1 APIs.
Étoilé (French for starry) is a GNUstep-based free software desktop environment built from the ground up on highly modular and light components with project and document orientation in mind, in order to allow users to create their own workflow by reshaping or recombining provided services (applications), and other components.
Budgie is a desktop environment that uses GNOME technologies such as GTK+ (> 3.x) and is developed by the Solus project as well as by contributors from numerous communities like openSUSE Tumbleweed, Arch Linux and Ubuntu Budgie.
BumpTop was a skeuomorphic desktop environment app that stimulates the normal behavior and physical properties of a real-world desk and enhances it with automatic tools to organize its contents.
A Chromebook is a laptop or tablet running the Linux-based Chrome OS as its operating system.
A Chromebox is a personal computer running Google's Chrome OS operating system.
Cinnamon is a free and open-source desktop environment for the X Window System that derives from GNOME 3 but follows traditional desktop metaphor conventions.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
The Common Desktop Environment (CDE) is a desktop environment for Unix and OpenVMS, based on the Motif widget toolkit.
There are a number of Unix-like operating systems based on or descended from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) series of Unix variants options.
A desktop environment is a collection of software designed to give functionality and a certain look and feel to an operating system.
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
In computing, a directory is a file system cataloging structure which contains references to other computer files, and possibly other directories.
Directory Opus (or "DOpus" as its users tend to call it) is a popular file manager program, originally written for the Amiga computer system in the early to mid-1990s.
Dolphin is a free and open source file manager included in the KDE Applications bundle which contains applications used primarily with the KDE Plasma 5 desktop.
In computer graphical user interfaces, drag and drop is a pointing device gesture in which the user selects a virtual object by "grabbing" it and dragging it to a different location or onto another virtual object.
eComStation or eCS is a PC operating system based on OS/2, published by Serenity Systems and Mensys BV and currently owned and developed by XEU.com.
EDE (Equinox Desktop Environment) is a light-weight desktop environment with an appearance somewhat reminiscent of windows 9x.
elementary OS is a Linux distribution based on Ubuntu.
Enlightenment, also known simply as E, is a compositing window manager for the X Window System.
A file manager or file browser is a computer program that provides a user interface to manage files and folders.
Fluxbox is a stacking window manager for the X Window System, which started as a fork of Blackbox 0.61.1 in 2001, with the same aim to be lightweight.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
freedesktop.org (fd.o) is a project to work on interoperability and shared base technology for free software desktop environments for the X Window System (X11) on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.
The F Virtual Window Manager is a virtual window manager for the X Window System.
FVWM-Crystal is a theme framework for the FVWM window manager.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
GNOME Files, formerly and internally known as Nautilus, is the official file manager for the GNOME desktop.
GNOME Shell is the graphical shell of the GNOME desktop environment starting with version 3, which was released on April 6, 2011.
GNUstep is a free software implementation of the Cocoa (formerly OpenStep) Objective-C frameworks, widget toolkit, and application development tools for Unix-like operating systems and Microsoft Windows.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
Graphics Environment Manager (GEM) was an operating environment created by Digital Research (DRI) for use with the DOS operating system on Intel 8088 and Motorola 68000 microprocessors.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
Human interface guidelines (HIG) are software development documents which offer application developers a set of recommendations.
Human–computer interaction (HCI) researches the design and use of computer technology, focused on the interfaces between people (users) and computers.
IceWM is a stacking window manager for the X Window System graphical infrastructure, written by Marko Maček.
In computing, an icon is a pictogram or ideogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
Implementation is the realization of an application, or execution of a plan, idea, model, design, specification, standard, algorithm, or policy.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
IRIX Interactive Desktop (formerly called Indigo Magic Desktop) is a desktop environment normally used as the default desktop on Silicon Graphics workstations running IRIX.
Java Desktop System, briefly known as OpenSolaris Desktop, is a legacy desktop environment developed first by Sun Microsystems and then by Oracle Corporation after the 2010 Oracle acquisition of Sun.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
The KDE Software Compilation (KDE SC) was formerly used as an umbrella term consisting of a desktop environment and an associated range of KDE Applications produced by KDE.
KIO (KDE Input/Output) is a system library incorporated into KDE Frameworks 5 and KDE Software Compilation 4.
KWin is a window manager for the X Window System and is currently in the process of becoming a Wayland compositor.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Graphical user interface elements are those elements used by graphical user interfaces (GUIs) to offer a consistent visual language to represent information stored in computers.
Lumina Desktop Environment, or simply Lumina, is a plugin-based desktop environment for Unix and Unix-like operating systems.
LXDE (abbreviation for Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) is a free desktop environment with comparatively low resource requirements.
LXQt is a bundle of software packages under development, with the aim of providing a complete desktop environment.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
MATE is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
Mezzo is the desktop environment created by Ryan Quinn.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Mobile computing is human–computer interaction by which a computer is expected to be transported during normal usage, which allows for transmission of data, voice and video.
MorphOS is an AmigaOS-like computer operating system.
Mutter is a window manager initially designed and implemented for the X Window System, and recently has evolved to be a Wayland compositor.
Next Unit of Computing (NUC) is a small-form-factor personal computer designed by Intel.
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
Openbox is a free, stacking window manager for the X Window System, licensed under the GNU General Public License.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Project Looking Glass is a now inactive free software project under the GPL to create an innovative 3D desktop environment for Linux, Solaris, and Windows.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Qt ("cute") is a cross-platform application framework and widget toolkit for creating classic and embedded graphical user interfaces, and applications that run on various software and hardware platforms with little or no change in the underlying codebase, while still being a native application with native capabilities and speed.
The Raspberry Pi is a series of small single-board computers developed in the United Kingdom by the Raspberry Pi Foundation to promote the teaching of basic computer science in schools and in developing countries.
The ROX Desktop is a graphical desktop environment for the X Window System.
Sailfish OS (also styled as SailfishOS or abbreviated to SFOS) is a general purpose Linux distribution used commonly as a mobile operating system combining the Linux kernel for a particular hardware platform, the open-source Mer core stack of middleware, a proprietary UI contributed by Jolla or an open source UI, and other third-party components.
In computing, a shell is a user interface for access to an operating system's services.
In computing, a skin (also known as visual styles in Windows XP) is a custom graphical appearance preset package achieved by the use of a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be applied to specific computer software, operating system, and websites to suit the purpose, topic, or tastes of different users.
A software widget is a relatively simple and easy-to-use software application or component made for one or more different software platforms.
In computing, a spatial file manager is a file manager that uses a spatial metaphor to represent files and folders as if they are real physical objects.
Sugar is a free and open-source desktop environment designed for interactive learning by children.
Tizen is a mobile operating system developed by Samsung that runs on a wide range of Samsung devices, including smartphones; tablets; in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) devices; smart televisions; smart cameras; smartwatches; Blu-ray players; smart home appliances (refrigerators, lighting, washing machines, air conditioners, ovens/microwaves); and robotic vacuum cleaners.
In computer interface design, a toolbar (originally known as ribbon) is a graphical control element on which on-screen buttons, icons, menus, or other input or output elements are placed.
The Trinity Desktop Environment (TDE) is a fork of K Desktop Environment 3.5, organized and led by Timothy Pearson, who had coordinated Kubuntu remixes featuring KDE 3.5, after Kubuntu switched to KDE Plasma 4.
twm (Tab Window Manager) is a window manager for the X Window System.
Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.
The Unix Desktop Environment (UDE) is a desktop environment for the X Window System.
Unity is a graphical shell for the GNOME desktop environment originally developed by Canonical Ltd. for its Ubuntu operating system.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
A wallpaper or background (also known as a desktop wallpaper, desktop background, desktop picture or desktop image on computers) is a digital image (photo, drawing etc.) used as a decorative background of a graphical user interface on the screen of a computer, mobile communications device or other electronic device.
Wayland is a computer protocol that specifies the communication between a display server (called a Wayland compositor) and its clients, as well as a reference implementation of the protocol in the C programming language.
A control element (sometimes called a control or widget) in a graphical user interface is an element of interaction, such as a button or a scroll bar.
A widget toolkit, widget library, GUI toolkit, or UX library is a library or a collection of libraries containing a set of graphical control elements (called widgets) used to construct the graphical user interface (GUI) of programs.
In human–computer interaction, WIMP stands for "windows, icons, menus, pointer", denoting a style of interaction using these elements of the user interface.
In computing, a window is a graphical control element.
Window Maker is a free and open source window manager for the X Window System, allowing graphical applications to be run on Unix-like operating-systems.
A window manager is system software that controls the placement and appearance of windows within a windowing system in a graphical user interface.
In computing, a windowing system (or window system) is software that manages separately different parts of display screens.
WindowLab is an X window manager for Unix-like systems.
Windows Aero (a backronym for Authentic, Energetic, Reflective, and Open), also known as Aero Peek, is a design language introduced in the Windows Vista operating system.
Windows Phone (WP) is a family of discontinued mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune.
Windows RT is a discontinued mobile operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows XP visual styles are customizations of the graphical user interface of Windows XP.
wmii (window manager improved²) is a tiling window manager for X11.
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers.
The Workplace Shell (WPS) is an object-oriented desktop shell (also called Desktop Environment) produced by IBM's Boca Raton development lab for OS/2 2.0.
An X window manager is a window manager which runs on top of the X Window System, a windowing system mainly used on Unix-like systems.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.
XFast is a lightweight desktop environment that incorporates a display manager and a window manager within the same process.
Xfce (pronounced as four individual letters) is a free and open-source desktop environment for Unix and Unix-like operating systems, such as Linux, Solaris, and BSD.
Xito is a Java based portable desktop environment.
Zune is an object-oriented GUI toolkit which is part of the AROS (AROS Research Operating System) project and nearly a clone, at both an API and look and feel level, of Magic User Interface (MUI), a well-known Amiga shareware product by Stefan Stuntz.
Computer desktop, Desktop Environment, Desktop customization, Desktop environments, Desktop manager, Graphical desktop environment, Simulated desktop, X Window System desktop environment, X window system desktop environment.