79 relations: Anglicisation, Annals of the Four Masters, Archbishop of Cashel, Ard na Caithne, Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton, Battle of Affane, Battle of Glenmalure, Butler dynasty, Catholic Church, Colonization, Cork (city), Counter-Reformation, County Cork, County Kerry, County Waterford, Dingle, Dunquin, Earl of Desmond, Earl of Ormond (Ireland), Early Irish law, Edmund Spenser, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabethan era, Famine, Feudalism, Fiach McHugh O'Byrne, FitzGerald dynasty, Gaelic Ireland, Gaels, Gallowglass, Henry Sidney, History of Ireland (1536–1691), Humphrey Gilbert, Indulgence, Irish language, James Eustace, 3rd Viscount Baltinglass, James FitzMaurice FitzGerald, John Perrot, Kilkenny, Kilmallock, Kingdom of Ireland, Kinsale, Leinster, List of Irish uprisings, Lord Deputy of Ireland, Lord President of Munster, Lorrha, Munster, Nine Years' War (Ireland), Norman invasion of Ireland, ..., Normans in Ireland, Peter Carew, Philip II of Spain, Plantations of Ireland, Pope Pius V, Protestantism, Provinces of Ireland, Regnans in Excelsis, Rhys ap Tewdwr, Rising of the North, River Shannon, Scorched earth, Second Desmond Rebellion, Siege of Carrigafoyle Castle, Sir Valentine Browne, Surveyor General, The Pale, Thomas Butler, 10th Earl of Ormond, Tipperary (town), Tower of London, Tralee, Treason, Tudor conquest of Ireland, Ulster, Walter Raleigh, Warham St Leger, Waterford, William Pelham (lord justice), Youghal. Expand index (29 more) » « Shrink index
Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland (Annála Ríoghachta Éireann) or the Annals of the Four Masters (Annála na gCeithre Máistrí) are chronicles of medieval Irish history.
The Archbishop of Cashel (Ard-Easpag Chaiseal Mumhan) was an archiepiscopal title which took its name after the town of Cashel, County Tipperary in Ireland.
Ard na Caithne, meaning height of the arbutus or strawberry tree, formerly known as Smerwick in English, in the heart of the Kerry Gaeltacht, is one of the principal bays of Corca Dhuibhne.
The Rt Hon. Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton, KG (1536–1593), was a baron in the Peerage of England.
The Battle of Affane was fought in county Waterford, in south-eastern Ireland, in 1565, between the forces of the Fitzgerald Earl of Desmond and the Butler Earl of Ormond.
The Battle of Glenmalure (Cath Ghleann Molúra) took place in Ireland on 25 August 1580 during the Desmond Rebellions.
"Butler dynasty" refers to the several branches of the Butler family (de Buitléir) that has its origins in the Anglo-Norman family that participated in the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 12th century.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Colonization (or colonisation) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.
Cork (from corcach, meaning "marsh") is a city in south-west Ireland, in the province of Munster, which had a population of 125,622 in 2016.
The Counter-Reformation, also called the Catholic Reformation or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, beginning with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' War (1648).
County Cork (Contae Chorcaí) is a county in Ireland.
County Kerry (Contae Chiarraí) is a county in Ireland.
County Waterford (Contae Phort Láirge; the English name comes from Old Norse Vedrafjörður) is a county in Ireland.
Dingle (or Daingean Uí Chúis, meaning "fort of Ó Cúis") is a town in County Kerry, Ireland.
Dunquin (native name Dún Chaoin (pronounced)), meaning "Caon's stronghold", is a Gaeltacht village in west County Kerry, Ireland.
The title of Earl of Desmond has been held historically by lords in Ireland, first as a title outside of the peerage system and later as part of the Peerage of Ireland.
The peerage title Earl of Ormond and the related titles Duke of Ormonde and Marquess of Ormonde have a long and complex history.
Early Irish law, also called Brehon law, comprised the statutes which governed everyday life in Early Medieval Ireland.
Edmund Spenser (1552/1553 – 13 January 1599) was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Fiach Mac Aodha Ó Broin (anglicised as Feagh or Fiach MacHugh O'Byrne) (1534 – 8 May, 1597) was Lord of Ranelagh and sometime leader of the Clann Uí Bhroin, or the O'Byrne clan, during the Elizabethan conquest of Ireland.
The FitzGerald dynasty (Ríshliocht Mhic Gearailt or Clann Gearailt) is an Irish Hiberno-Norman or Cambro-Norman royal dynasty.
Gaelic Ireland (Éire Ghaidhealach) was the Gaelic political and social order, and associated culture, that existed in Ireland from the prehistoric era until the early 17th century.
The Gaels (Na Gaeil, Na Gàidheil, Ny Gaeil) are an ethnolinguistic group native to northwestern Europe.
The gallowglasses (also spelt galloglass, gallowglas or galloglas; from gall óglaigh meaning foreign warriors) were a class of elite mercenary warriors who were principally members of the Norse-Gaelic clans of Scotland between the mid 13th century and late 16th century.
Sir Henry Sidney (1529 – 5 May 1586), Lord Deputy of Ireland, was the eldest son of Sir William Sidney of Penshurst, a prominent politician and courtier during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, from both of whom he received extensive grants of land, including the manor of Penshurst in Kent, which became the principal residence of the family.
Ireland during the period 1536–1691 saw the first full conquest of the island by England and its colonization with Protestant settlers from Great Britain.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert (c. 1539 – 9 September 1583) of Compton in the parish of Marldon and of Greenway in the parish of Churston Ferrers, both in Devon, England, was an adventurer, explorer, member of parliament and soldier who served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I and was a pioneer of the English colonial empire in North America and the Plantations of Ireland.
In the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, an indulgence (from *dulgeō, "persist") is "a way to reduce the amount of punishment one has to undergo for sins." It may reduce the "temporal punishment for sin" after death (as opposed to the eternal punishment merited by mortal sin), in the state or process of purification called Purgatory.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
James FitzEustace of Harristown, 3rd Viscount Baltinglass (1530–1585) James FitzEustace, the eldest son of Roland FitzEustace, the 2nd Viscount of Baltinglass and Joan, daughter of James Butler, 8th Baron Dunboyne.
James FitzMaurice FitzGerald (died 18 August 1579) was a member of the 16th century ruling Geraldine dynasty in the province of Munster in Ireland.
Sir John Perrot (7–11 November 1528 – 3 November 1592) served as Lord Deputy to Queen Elizabeth I of England during the Tudor conquest of Ireland.
Kilmallock is a town in south County Limerick, Ireland, near the border with County Cork.
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.
Kinsale (meaning "Tide Head") is a historic port and fishing town in County Cork, Ireland, which also has significant military history.
Leinster (— Laighin / Cúige Laighean — /) is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the east of Ireland.
This is a list of uprisings by Irish people against English and British claims of sovereignty in Ireland.
The Lord Deputy was the representative of the monarch and head of the Irish executive under English rule, during the Lordship of Ireland and then the Kingdom of Ireland.
The post of Lord President of Munster was the most important office in the English government of the Irish province of Munster from its introduction in the Elizabethan era for a century, to 1672, a period including the Desmond Rebellions in Munster, the Nine Years' War, and the Irish Rebellion of 1641.
Lorrha (from) is a small village at the northern tip of County Tipperary, Ireland.
Munster (an Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan,.
The Nine Years' War or Tyrone's Rebellion took place in Ireland from 1593 to 1603.
The Norman invasion of Ireland took place in stages during the late 12th century, at a time when Gaelic Ireland was made up of several kingdoms, with a High King claiming lordship over all.
The Normans in Ireland, or Hiberno-Normans, were a group of Normans who invaded the various realms of Gaelic Ireland.
Sir Peter Carew (1514? – 27 November 1575) of Mohuns Ottery, Luppitt, Devon, was an English adventurer, who served during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England and took part in the Tudor conquest of Ireland.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Plantations in 16th- and 17th-century Ireland involved the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from the island of Great Britain.
Pope Saint Pius V (17 January 1504 – 1 May 1572), born Antonio Ghislieri (from 1518 called Michele Ghislieri, O.P.), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Since the early 17th-century there have been four Provinces of Ireland: Connacht, Leinster, Munster and Ulster.
Regnans in Excelsis ("reigning on high") was a papal bull issued on 25 February 1570 by Pope Pius V declaring "Elizabeth, the pretended Queen of England and the servant of crime", to be a heretic and releasing all her subjects from any allegiance to her, even when they had "sworn oaths to her", and excommunicating any that obeyed her orders.
Rhys ap Tewdwr (before 1065 – 1093) was a king of Deheubarth in Wales and member of the Dinefwr dynasty, a branch descended from Rhodri the Great.
The Rising of the North of 1569, also called the Revolt of the Northern Earls or Northern Rebellion, was an unsuccessful attempt by Catholic nobles from Northern England to depose Queen Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary, Queen of Scots.
The River Shannon (Abha na Sionainne, an tSionainn, an tSionna) is the longest river in Ireland at.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
The Second Desmond rebellion (1579–1583) was the more widespread and bloody of the two Desmond Rebellions launched by the FitzGerald dynasty of Desmond in Munster, Ireland, against English rule in Ireland.
The Siege of Carrigafoyle Castle took place at Easter in 1580 near modern-day Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland on the southern bank of the Shannon estuary.
Sir Valentine Browne, of Croft, Lincolnshire, later of Ross Castle, Killarney, was an English pay official, victualler and treasurer of Berwick, and politician.
The Surveyor General is an official responsible for government surveying in a specific country or territory.
The Pale (An Pháil in Irish) or the English Pale (An Pháil Shasanach or An Ghalltacht) was the part of Ireland that was directly under the control of the English government in the late Middle Ages.
Thomas Butler, 10th Earl of Ormonde, 3rd Earl of Ossory, Viscount Thurles (Tomás Dubh de Buitléir, Iarla Urmhamhan; c. 1531 – 22 November 1614), was an Irish peer and the son of James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormond and Lady Joan Fitzgerald daughter and heiress-general of James FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Desmond.
Tipperary (meaning "Well of the Ara") is a town and a civil parish in County Tipperary, Ireland.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
Tralee is the county town of County Kerry in the south-west of Ireland.
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.
The Tudor conquest (or reconquest) of Ireland took place under the Tudor dynasty, which held the Kingdom of England during the 16th century.
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
Sir Walter Raleigh (or; circa 155429 October 1618) was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer.
Sir Warham St Leger (1525?-1597) was an English soldier.
Waterford (from Old Norse Veðrafjǫrðr, meaning "ram (wether) fjord") is a city in Ireland.
Sir William Pelham (c. 1528 – 1587) was an English soldier and Lord Justice of Ireland, which was a military and political role rather than a judicial one.
Youghal is a seaside resort town in County Cork, Ireland.