46 relations: Alkylbenzene sulfonates, Amphiphile, Bile acid, Biophysical Journal, Carboxylate, Cell (biology), Cell membrane, CHAPS detergent, Cleavable detergent, Deoxycholic acid, Dishwashing, Dishwashing liquid, Dispersant, Foaming agent, Fouling, Germany, Glycoside, Green cleaning, Hard water, Hard-surface cleaner, Hydrophile, Hydrophobe, Integral membrane protein, Ion, Ion channel, Laundry, Laundry detergent, Lipopolysaccharide, List of cleaning products, Maltosides, Membrane transport protein, N-Octyl beta-D-thioglucopyranoside, Nonylphenol, Otto engine, Photosystem II, Polyethylene glycol, Polysorbate, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Quaternary ammonium cation, Receptor (biochemistry), Soap, Sulfonate, Surfactant, Triton X-100, World War I, Zwitterion.
Alkylbenzene sulfonates are a class of anionic surfactants, consisting of a hydrophilic sulfonate head-group and a hydrophobic alkylbenzene tail-group.
An amphiphile (from the Greek αμφις, amphis: both and φιλíα, philia: love, friendship) is a chemical compound possessing both hydrophilic (water-loving, polar) and lipophilic (fat-loving) properties.
Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals and other vertebrates.
The Biophysical Journal is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Cell Press on behalf of the Biophysical Society.
A carboxylate is a salt or ester of a carboxylic acid.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
CHAPS is a zwitterionic surfactant used in the laboratory to solubilize biological macromolecules such as proteins.
Cleavable detergents, also known as cleavable surfactants, are special surfactants (detergents) that are used in biochemistry and especially in proteomics to enhance protein denaturation and solubility.
Deoxycholic acid (conjugate base deoxycholate), also known as cholanoic acid, Kybella, Celluform Plus, Belkyra, and 3α,12α-dihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid, is a bile acid.
Dishwashing or dish washing (British English: washing up) is the process of cleaning cooking utensils, dishes, cutlery and other items to prevent foodborne illness.
Dishwashing liquid (BrE: washing-up liquid), known as dishwashing soap, dish detergent and dish soap, is a detergent used to assist in dishwashing.
A dispersant or a dispersing agent or a plasticizer or a superplasticizer is either a non-surface active polymer or a surface-active substance added to a suspension, usually a colloid, to improve the separation of particles and to prevent settling or clumping.
A foaming agent is a material that facilitates formation of foam such as a surfactant or a blowing agent.
Fouling is the accumulation of unwanted material on solid surfaces to the detriment of function.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
In chemistry, a glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond.
Green cleaning refers to using cleaning methods and products with environmentally friendly ingredients and procedures which are designed to preserve human health and environmental quality.
Hard water is water that has high mineral content (in contrast with "soft water").
Hard surface cleaners is a category of cleaning agents comprising mainly aqueous solutions of specialty chemicals that vary with the amount of dirt and the surface being cleaned.
A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.
In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.
An integral membrane protein (IMP) is a type of membrane protein that is permanently attached to the biological membrane.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ion channels are pore-forming membrane proteins that allow ions to pass through the channel pore.
Laundry refers to the washing of clothing and other textiles.
Laundry detergent, or washing powder, is a type of detergent (cleaning agent) that is added for cleaning laundry.
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and endotoxins, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide composed of O-antigen, outer core and inner core joined by a covalent bond; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
This is a list of cleaning products and agents.
Alkyl Maltosides are a class of detergents composed of a hydrophilic maltose and a hydrophobic alkyl chain.
A membrane transport protein (or simply transporter) is a membrane protein involved in the movement of ions, small molecules, or macromolecules, such as another protein, across a biological membrane.
n-Octyl β-D-thioglucopyranoside (octylthioglucoside, OTG) is a mild nonionic detergent that is used for cell lysis or to solubilise membrane proteins without denaturing them.
Nonylphenols, from the Latin nōnus (number 9) and phenol, are a family of closely related organic compounds composed of phenol bearing a 9 carbon-tail.
The Otto engine was a large stationary single-cylinder internal combustion four-stroke engine designed by Nikolaus Otto.
Photosystem II (or water-plastoquinone oxidoreductase) is the first protein complex in the light-dependent reactions of oxygenic photosynthesis.
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polyether compound with many applications from industrial manufacturing to medicine.
Polysorbates are a class of emulsifiers used in some pharmaceuticals and food preparation.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Quaternary ammonium cations, also known as quats, are positively charged polyatomic ions of the structure, R being an alkyl group or an aryl group.
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.
Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.
A sulfonate is a salt or ester of a sulfonic acid.
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Triton X-100 (n) is a nonionic surfactant that has a hydrophilic polyethylene oxide chain (on average it has 9.5 ethylene oxide units) and an aromatic hydrocarbon lipophilic or hydrophobic group.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
In chemistry, a zwitterion, formerly called a dipolar ion, is a molecule with two or more functional groups, of which at least one has a positive and one has a negative electrical charge and the net charge of the entire molecule is zero.