21 relations: Adiabatic wall, Calorimetry, Closed system, Einstein coefficients, Elsevier, Emissivity, George H. Bryan, Heat, Helmholtz reciprocity, John Gamble Kirkwood, Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation, Longman, Macroscopic scale, Max Born, Max Planck, Temperature, Thermal conduction, Thermal radiation, Thermodynamic equilibrium, Thermodynamic system, Thermodynamics.
In thermodynamics, an adiabatic wall between two thermodynamic systems does not allow heat or matter to pass across it.
Calorimetry is the science or act of measuring changes in state variables of a body for the purpose of deriving the heat transfer associated with changes of its state due, for example, to chemical reactions, physical changes, or phase transitions under specified constraints.
A closed system is a physical system that does not allow certain types of transfers (such as transfer of mass and energy transfer) in or out of the system.
Einstein coefficients are mathematical quantities which are a measure of the probability of absorption or emission of light by an atom or molecule.
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
The emissivity of the surface of a material is its effectiveness in emitting energy as thermal radiation.
George Hartley Bryan FRS (1 March 1864, Cambridge – 13 October 1928, Bordighera) was an English applied mathematician who was an authority on thermodynamics and aeronautics.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
The Helmholtz reciprocity principle describes how a ray of light and its reverse ray encounter matched optical adventures, such as reflections, refractions, and absorptions in a passive medium, or at an interface.
John "Jack" Gamble Kirkwood (May 30, 1907, Gotebo, Oklahoma – August 9, 1959, New Haven, Connecticut) was a noted chemist and physicist, holding faculty positions at Cornell University, the University of Chicago, California Institute of Technology, and Yale University.
In heat transfer, Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation refers to wavelength-specific radiative emission and absorption by a material body in thermodynamic equilibrium, including radiative exchange equilibrium.
Longman, commonly known as Pearson Longman, is a publishing company founded in London, England, in 1724 and is owned by Pearson PLC.
The macroscopic scale is the length scale on which objects or phenomena are large enough to be visible almost practically with the naked eye, without magnifying optical instruments.
Max Born (11 December 1882 – 5 January 1970) was a German physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics.
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS (23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Thermal conduction is the transfer of heat (internal energy) by microscopic collisions of particles and movement of electrons within a body.
Thermal radiation is electromagnetic radiation generated by the thermal motion of charged particles in matter.
Thermodynamic equilibrium is an axiomatic concept of thermodynamics.
A thermodynamic system is the material and radiative content of a macroscopic volume in space, that can be adequately described by thermodynamic state variables such as temperature, entropy, internal energy, and pressure.
Thermodynamics is the branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.