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Dibutyl phthalate

Index Dibutyl phthalate

Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is an organic compound commonly used plasticizer. With the chemical formula C6H4(CO2C4H9)2, it is a colorless oil, although commercial samples are often yellow. Because of its low toxicity and wide liquid range, it is used as a plasticizer.Peter M. Lorz, Friedrich K. Towae, Walter Enke, Rudolf Jäckh, Naresh Bhargava, Wolfgang Hillesheim "Phthalic Acid and Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2007, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. [1]

25 relations: Biodegradation, California Proposition 65 (1986), Chemical formula, Diisobutyl phthalate, Directive (European Union), Endocrine disruptor, Enterobacter, European Union, Half-life, Henry's law, Hydrolysis, Landfill, N-Butanol, Nail polish, Organic compound, Partition coefficient, Phthalate, Phthalic acid, Phthalic anhydride, Plasticizer, Polyporus brumalis, Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks, Teratology, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Vapor pressure.

Biodegradation

Biodegradation is the disintegration of materials by bacteria, fungi, or other biological means.

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California Proposition 65 (1986)

Proposition 65 (formally titled The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986) is a California law passed by direct voter initiative in 1986 by a 63%–37% vote.

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Chemical formula

A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.

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Diisobutyl phthalate

Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) is prepared by esterification process of isobutanol and phthalic anhydride.

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Directive (European Union)

A directive is a legal act of the European Union which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result.

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Endocrine disruptor

Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses.

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Enterobacter

Enterobacter is a genus of common Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Half-life

Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.

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Henry's law

In chemistry, Henry's law is a gas law that states that the amount of dissolved gas is proportional to its partial pressure in the gas phase.

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Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

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Landfill

A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.

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N-Butanol

n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the chemical formula C4H9OH.

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Nail polish

Nail polish (also known as nail varnish) is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates.

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Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

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Partition coefficient

In the physical sciences, a partition-coefficient (P) or distribution-coefficient (D) is the ratio of concentrations of a compound in a mixture of two immiscible phases at equilibrium.

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Phthalate

Phthalates, or phthalate esters, are esters of phthalic acid.

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Phthalic acid

Phthalic acid is an aromatic dicarboxylic acid, with formula C6H4(CO2H)2.

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Phthalic anhydride

Phthalic anhydride is the organic compound with the formula C6H4(CO)2O.

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Plasticizer

Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.

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Polyporus brumalis

Polyporus brumalis is a species of fungus in the genus Polyporus.

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Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks

The Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER) is one of the independent scientific committees managed by the Directorate-General for Health and Consumer Protection of the European Commission, which provide scientific advice to the Commission on issues related to consumer products.

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Teratology

Teratology is the study of abnormalities of physiological development.

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United States Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.

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Vapor pressure

Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system.

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Redirects here:

1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid dibutyl ester, ATC code P03BX03, Butyl phthalate, Di-n-butyl phthalate, Dibutyl-1,2-benzene-dicarboxylate, Dibutylphthalate, Elaol, N-butyl phthalate, O-benzenedicarboxylic acid dibutyl ester, Palatinol C.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dibutyl_phthalate

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