131 relations: Amborella, APG IV system, Apiales, Aquifoliales, Aristolochiaceae, Armen Takhtajan, Asterales, Asteridae, Austrobaileyales, Balanophoraceae, Basal angiosperms, Batales, Berberidopsidales, Boraginales, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brassicales, Bruniales, Buxales, Callitrichales, Calycerales, Calyciflorae, Campanulales, Canellales, Capparales, Caryophyllales, Caryophyllidae, Casuarinaceae, Celastrales, Ceratophyllum, Chloranthaceae, Class (biology), Cornales, Cotyledon, Cronquist system, Crossosomatales, Cucurbitales, Dahlgren system, Daphniphyllum, Diapensiaceae, Didymeles, Dilleniales, Dilleniidae, Dipsacales, Ebenales, Ericales, Escalloniaceae, Eucommia, Eudicots, Euphorbiales, Fabales, ..., Fagales, Flowering plant, Garryales, Gentianales, Geraniales, Gunnerales, Haloragales, Hamamelidales, Hamamelididae, Huerteales, Icacinales, International Association for Plant Taxonomy, Juglandales, Lamiales, Lamium album, Laurales, Lecythidales, Leitneria, Linales, Loasaceae, Magnolia, Magnoliales, Magnoliids, Magnoliopsida, Malpighiales, Malvales, Metteniusaceae, Molecular phylogenetics, Monocotyledon, Monophyly, Myrtales, Nepenthales, Nymphaeales, Oxalidales, Paracryphiaceae, Parallel (geometry), Paraphyly, Picramniaceae, Piperales, Plant, Plant development, Plant stem, Plantaginaceae, Plough, Plumbaginaceae, Podostemaceae, Pollen, Polygonaceae, Polygonales, Primulales, Proteales, Radicle, Rafflesiales, Ranunculales, Rhamnales, Rhizophoraceae, Rosales, Rosidae, Rosopsida, Rubiales, Salicaceae, Santalales, Sapindales, Saxifragales, Secondary growth, Seed, Solanales, Species, Superasterids, Superrosids, Theales, Thorne system, Trochodendraceae, Type (biology), University of California Museum of Paleontology, Urticales, Vahlia, Vascular bundle, Violales, Vitaceae, Zygophyllales. Expand index (81 more) » « Shrink index
Amborella is a monotypic genus of understory shrubs or small trees endemic to the main island, Grande Terre, of New Caledonia.
The APG IV system of flowering plant classification is the fourth version of a modern, mostly molecular-based, system of plant taxonomy for flowering plants (angiosperms) being developed by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG).
The Apiales are an order of flowering plants.
The Aquifoliales are an order of flowering plants, including the Aquifoliaceae (or holly) family, and also the Helwingiaceae (2-5 species of temperate Asian shrubs) and the Phyllonomaceae (4 species of Central American trees and shrubs).
The Aristolochiaceae are a family, the birthwort family, of flowering plants with seven genera and about 400 known species belonging to the order Piperales.
Armen Leonovich Takhtajan or Takhtajian (Արմեն Լևոնի Թախտաջյան; Армен Леонович Тахтаджян; surname also transliterated Takhtadjan, Takhtadzhi︠a︡n or Takhtadzhian, pronounced TAHK-tuh-jahn) (June 10, 1910 – November 13, 2009), was a Soviet-Armenian botanist, one of the most important figures in 20th century plant evolution and systematics and biogeography.
Asterales is an order of dicotyledonous flowering plants that includes the large family Asteraceae (or Compositae) known for composite flowers made of florets, and ten families related to the Asteraceae.
Asteridae is an obsolete botanical name at the rank of subclass.
Austrobaileyales is an order of flowering plants, consisting of about 100 species of woody plants growing as trees, shrubs and lianas.
The Balanophoraceae (from the inflorescence which appears to be covered by barnacles) are a subtropical to tropical family of obligate parasitic flowering plants, notable for their unusual development and obscure affinities.
The basal angiosperms are the flowering plants which diverged from the lineage leading to most flowering plants.
Batales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants.
Berberidopsidales is an order of Southern Hemisphere woody flowering plants.
Boraginales is a valid taxonomic name at the rank of order for a group of flowering plants.
The Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society is a scientific journal publishing original papers relating to the taxonomy of all plant groups and fungi, including anatomy, biosystematics, cytology, ecology, ethnobotany, electron microscopy, morphogenesis, palaeobotany, palynology and phytochemistry.
The Brassicales (or Cruciales) are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the eurosids II group of dicotyledons under the APG II system.
Bruniales is a valid botanic name at the rank of order.
The Buxales are a small order of eudicot flowering plants, recognized by the APG IV system of 2016.
Callitrichales Dumort (1829) is an order of flowering plants.
The Calycerales is a valid botanic name for an order of flowering plants.
Calyciflorae is a grouping of plants that is no longer used by botanists.
Campanulales is a valid botanic name for a plant order.
Canellales is the botanical name for an order of flowering plants, one of the four orders of the magnoliids.
Capparales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants.
Caryophyllales is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, beets, and many carnivorous plants.
Caryophyllidae is a botanical name at the rank of subclass.
The Casuarinaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants placed in the order Fagales, consisting of four genera and 91 species of trees and shrubs native to the Australia, Southeast Asia, Malesia, Papuasia, and the Pacific Islands.
The Celastrales are an order of flowering plants found throughout the tropics and subtropics, with only a few species extending far into the temperate regions.
Ceratophyllum is a cosmopolitan genus of flowering plants including four accepted species in 2016, commonly found in ponds, marshes, and quiet streams in tropical and in temperate regions.
Chloranthaceae is a family of flowering plants (angiosperms), the only family in the order Chloranthales.
In biological classification, class (classis) is a taxonomic rank, as well as a taxonomic unit, a taxon, in that rank.
The Cornales are an order of flowering plants, basal among the asterids, containing about 600 species.
A cotyledon ("seed leaf" from Latin cotyledon, from Greek: κοτυληδών kotylēdōn, gen.: κοτυληδόνος kotylēdonos, from κοτύλη ''kotýlē'' "cup, bowl") is a significant part of the embryo within the seed of a plant, and is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as "The primary leaf in the embryo of the higher plants (Phanerogams); the seed-leaf." Upon germination, the cotyledon may become the embryonic first leaves of a seedling.
The Cronquist system is a taxonomic classification system of flowering plants.
The Crossosomatales are an order, newly recognized by the APG II, of flowering plants, included within the Rosids, which are part of the eudicots.
The Cucurbitales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons.
One of the modern systems of plant taxonomy, the Dahlgren system was published by monocot specialist Rolf Dahlgren in 1975 and revised in 1977, and 1980.
Daphniphyllum is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Daphniphyllaceae and was described as a genus in 1826.
Diapensiaceae is a small family of flowering plants, comprising 12 species in five genera.
Didymeles is a genus of flowering plants.
The Dilleniales are an order of flowering plants, potentially containing one family, Dilleniaceae.
Dillenidae is a botanical name at the rank of subclass.
The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons.
Ebenales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants.
The Ericales are a large and diverse order of dicotyledons, including, for example, tea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, and azalea.
Escalloniaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 130 species in seven genera.
Eucommia is a genus of small trees now native to China, with a fossil record that shows a much wider distribution.
The eudicots, Eudicotidae or eudicotyledons are a clade of flowering plants that had been called tricolpates or non-magnoliid dicots by previous authors.
Euphorbiales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants that is not currently recognized in the most authoritative modern treatment of plant taxonomy.
The Fabales are an order of flowering plants included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II classification system.
The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best-known trees.
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
The Garryales are a small order of dicotyledons, including only two families and three genera.
Gentianales is an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid clade of eudicots.
Geraniales are a small order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subclade of eudicots.
The Gunnerales are an order of flowering plants.
Haloragales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants.
Hamamelidales is an order of flowering plants formerly accepted in a number of systems of plant taxonomy, including the Cronquist system published in 1968 and 1988.
Hamamelididae is an obsolete botanical name at the rank of subclass.
Huerteales is the botanical name for an order of flowering plants.
Icacinales is an order of Angiosperms.
The International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) promotes an understanding of plant biodiversity, facilitates international communication of research between botanists, and oversees matters of uniformity and stability in plant names.
Juglandales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants.
The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants.
Lamium album, commonly called white nettle or white dead-nettle, is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native throughout Europe and Asia, growing in a variety of habitats from open grassland to woodland, generally on moist, fertile soils.
The Laurales are an order of flowering plants.
Lecythidales is a botanical name at the rank of order.
Leitneria floridana (corkwood), the sole species in the genus Leitneria, is a deciduous dioecious shrub or small tree, found only in the southeastern United States states of Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Missouri and Texas.
Linales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants.
Loasaceae is a family of 15–20 genera and about 200–260 species of flowering plants in the order Cornales, native to the Americas and Africa.
Magnolia is a large genus of about 210The number of species in the genus Magnolia depends on the taxonomic view that one takes up.
The Magnoliales comprise an order of flowering plants.
Magnoliids (or Magnoliidae or Magnolianae) are a group of flowering plants.
Magnoliopsida is a valid botanical name for a class of flowering plants.
The Malpighiales comprise one of the largest orders of flowering plants, containing about species, about 7.8% of the eudicots.
The Malvales are an order of flowering plants.
Metteniusaceae are a family of flowering plants, the only family in the order Metteniusales.
Molecular phylogenetics is the branch of phylogeny that analyzes genetic, hereditary molecular differences, predominately in DNA sequences, to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships.
Monocotyledons, commonly referred to as monocots, (Lilianae sensu Chase & Reveal) are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon.
In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.
The Myrtales are an order of flowering plants placed as a sister to the eurosids II clade as of the publishing of the Eucalyptus grandis genome in June 2014.
Nepenthales (Nepenthales Bercht. & J.Presl) is an order of carnivorous flowering plants in the Cronquist system of plant classification.
The Nymphaeales are an order of flowering plants, consisting of three families of aquatic plants, the Hydatellaceae, the Cabombaceae, and the Nymphaeaceae (water lilies).
The Oxalidales is an order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of eudicots.
The Paracryphiaceae are a family of woody shrubs and trees native to Australia, southeast Asia, and New Caledonia.
In geometry, parallel lines are lines in a plane which do not meet; that is, two lines in a plane that do not intersect or touch each other at any point are said to be parallel.
In taxonomy, a group is paraphyletic if it consists of the group's last common ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor excluding a few—typically only one or two—monophyletic subgroups.
Picramniceae is a small, mainly neotropical family of three genera Alvaradoa, Nothotalisia and Picramnia.
Piperales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Plants produce new tissues and structures throughout their life from meristems located at the tips of organs, or between mature tissues.
A stem is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root.
Plantaginaceae, the plantain family, is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales.
A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool or farm implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.
Plumbaginaceae is a family of flowering plants, with a cosmopolitan distribution.
Podostemaceae (riverweed family) is a family in the order Malpighiales.
Pollen is a fine to coarse powdery substance comprising pollen grains which are male microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce male gametes (sperm cells).
The Polygonaceae are a family of flowering plants known informally as the knotweed family or smartweed—buckwheat family in the United States.
Polygonales was an order of flowering plants recognized by several older systems such as the Wettstein system, last revised in 1935, the Engler system, in its update of 1964, and the Cronquist system, 1981.
Primulales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants.
Proteales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants consisting of two (or three) families.
In botany, the radicle is the first part of a seedling (a growing plant embryo) to emerge from the seed during the process of germination.
Rafflesiales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants.
Ranunculales is an order of flowering plants.
The Rhamnales Lindl. are an order of dicotyledon plants in the subclass Rosidae.
The Rhizophoraceae are a family of tropical or subtropical flowering plants.
Rosales is an order of flowering plants.
Under the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN), Rosidae is a botanical name at the rank of subclass.
Rosopsida (Batsch, 1788) is a botanical name for a group of flowering plants recognized at the rank of class.
Rubiales was an order of flowering plants in the Cronquist system, including the families Rubiaceae and Theligonaceae.
The Salicaceae are a family, the willow family, of flowering plants.
The Santalales are an order of flowering plants with a cosmopolitan distribution, but heavily concentrated in tropical and subtropical regions.
Sapindales is an order of flowering plants.
The Saxifragales are an order of flowering plants.
In botany, secondary growth is the growth that results from cell division in the cambia or lateral meristems and that causes the stems and roots to thicken, while primary growth is growth that occurs as a result of cell division at the tips of stems and roots, causing them to elongate, and gives rise to primary tissue.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
The Solanales are an order of flowering plants, included in the asterid group of dicotyledons.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
The superasterids are members of a large clade (monophyletic group) of flowering plants, containing more than 122,000 species.
The superrosids are members of a large clade (monophyletic group) of flowering plants, containing more than 88,000 species, more than a quarter of all angiosperms.
Theales is a botanical name at the rank of order.
A system of plant taxonomy, the Thorne system of plant classification was devised by the American botanist Robert F. Thorne (1920–2015) in 1968, and he continued to issue revisions over many years (1968–2007).
Trochodendraceae is the only family of flowering plants in the order Trochodendrales.
In biology, a type is a particular specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached.
The University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP) is a paleontology museum located on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
Urticales is a botanical name for what used to be an order of flowering plants.
Vahlia is a genus of herbs and subshrubs that grow in Africa and the Indian subcontinent.
A vascular bundle is a part of the transport system in vascular plants.
Violales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants and takes its name from the included family Violaceae.
The Vitaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, with 14 genera and ca 910 known species, including the grapevine and Virginia creeper.
The Zygophyllales are an order of dicotyledonous plants, comprising the following two families.