345 relations: Accelerometer, Actuator, Adiabatic process, Adolphus Busch, Air cooling, Air-start system, Air–fuel ratio, Aircraft diesel engine, Airship, Alfa Romeo 156, Alternator, Arachis, Archetype, Aspirator (pump), Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, Atmosphere (unit), Audi 100, Audi R10 TDI, Augsburg, Autocar, Škoda Octavia, Barton Transport, Beardmore Tornado, Biodiesel, Biofuel, Bladder cancer, Block heater, BMW, BMW 114, Bonneville Salt Flats, Bore (engine), Branobel, Burmeister & Wain, Bus, Camshaft, Candle wick, Car, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Carbureted compression ignition model engine, Carburetor, Carnot cycle, Catalytic reforming, Caterpillar Inc., Cetane number, Charles F. Kettering, Citroën, Clessie Cummins, Coal dust, Coffman engine starter, ..., Cogeneration, Cold filter plugging point, Combined cycle, Combined gas law, Combustion, Combustion chamber, Common ethanol fuel mixtures, Common rail, Compression ratio, Compression release engine brake, Control theory, Copper in heat exchangers, Cost of electricity by source, Cranfield University, Crankshaft, Crosshead, Cummins, CuproBraze, Cylinder (engine), Cylinder head, DAF Trucks, Daimler-Benz, Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft, Dead centre, Denso, Detroit Diesel, Detroit Diesel Series 71, Deutsches Institut für Normung, Deutschland-class cruiser, Deutz AG, Diesel automobile racing, Diesel cycle, Diesel engine, Diesel exhaust, Diesel exhaust fluid, Diesel fuel, Diesel generator, Diesel locomotive, Diesel motorcycle, Diesel multiple unit, Diesel-electric transmission, Dieselisation, Dimethyl ether, Discovery Channel, Doosan Group, E-boat, Electric generator, Electric locomotive, Electro-Motive Diesel, Electromagnetic interference, Electronic control unit, Electronic Diesel Control, EMD 567, Emma Mærsk, EN 590, Engine efficiency, Engine tuning, Engine-generator, English Channel, Ethanol, Ether, European emission standards, European Union, Exhaust gas recirculation, Exposition Universelle (1900), External combustion engine, Fairbanks-Morse, Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, Fiat Croma, Fischer–Tropsch process, Flammability, Flash point, Flat engine, Flywheel, Forced induction, Four-stroke engine, Fram, Front-wheel drive, Fuel economy in automobiles, Fuel efficiency, Fuel injection, Fuel oil, Fuel pump, Fuel tank, Gale Banks, Gale Banks Engineering, Gas compressor, Gas engine, Gas turbine, Gasoline, Gasoline direct injection, Gear train, General Motors, Glow plug (model engine), Glowplug, Governor (device), Groove (engineering), Hanomag, Harry Ricardo, Heat of combustion, Heavy equipment, Herbert Akroyd Stuart, Hertz, Hesselman engine, Hino Motors, History of the internal combustion engine, Homogeneous charge compression ignition, Hot bulb engine, Hulsebos-Hesselman axial oil engines, Hydrocarbon, Ignition system, India, Indirect injection, Injection pump, Injector, Inlet manifold, Intercooler, Internal combustion engine, International Harvester, Iveco, JCB Dieselmax, Jet fuel, John Deere, Joule, Junkers, Junkers Jumo 204, Junkers Jumo 205, Karl Benz, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kerosene, Kharkiv model V-2, Kilowatt hour, Krupp, Ligier, Lipid, List of automobile manufacturers of Japan, List of IARC Group 1 carcinogens, Locomotive, Lombardini S.r.l., Lubrication, Lung cancer, LZ 129 Hindenburg, Maersk, MAN Diesel, MAN SE, Marine propulsion, Maybach, Mercedes-Benz, Mercedes-Benz 260 D, Mercedes-Benz OM636, Methane, Methanol, Microvan, Mineral oil, Mitsubishi 4N1 engine, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Motors, Motorcycle, MS Selandia, Multiple unit, Napier Deltic, NATO, Natural gas, Nürburgring, New London Ship and Engine Company, Nitrogen oxide, Non-road engine, Octane, Off-road vehicle, Oil field, Oil refinery, Oldsmobile Diesel engine, Opel Vectra, Operating temperature, Opposed-piston engine, Oscillation, Otto cycle, Otto engine, Peanut oil, Perkins Engines, Petrol engine, Petroleum, Peugeot, Peugeot 204, Peugeot 205, Peugeot 604, Piaggio, Piezoelectricity, Pioneer Zephyr, Pipeline transport, Piston, Piston ring, Power (physics), Power-to-weight ratio, Prime mover (locomotive), Propane, Propeller, Prosper L'Orange, Prototype, Pump, R101, Raúl Pateras Pescara, Radio telescope, Rail freight transport, Rapeseed, Reciprocating engine, Renault, Revolutions per minute, Richard Hornsby & Sons, Robert Bosch GmbH, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Ronson (company), Roots-type supercharger, Rudolf Diesel, Saurer, Scania AB, Scavenging (automotive), Scroll-type supercharger, SEAT, SEAT León, Ship, Six-stroke engine, Smart (automobile), Smart Fortwo, Solenoid, Soviet Union, Spark plug, SS Dresden (1897), Stand-alone power system, Standby generator, Starter (engine), Steam engine, Steam turbine, Stirling engine, Stoewer, Straight engine, Straight-14 engine, Straight-twin engine, Stroke (engine), Subaru, Submarine, Sulfur, Sulzer (manufacturer), Super Chief, Supercharger, Supermini, Synthetic fuel, T-34, Tatra (company), Tatra 111, Telescoping (mechanics), The Scotsman, Thermal efficiency, Third World, Toroid, Torque, Tractor, Tractor vaporising oil, Train, Transesterification, Truck, Turbo-diesel, Turbocharger, Turbulence, Two-stroke diesel engine, Two-stroke engine, U-boat, Unit injector, United Kingdom, United States Army, United States Navy, Vandal (tanker), Vapor lock, Vapor pressure, Variable valve timing, Variable-geometry turbocharger, Vegetable oil, Vegetable oil fuel, Viscosity, Volatility (chemistry), Volkswagen, Volkswagen Group, Volvo, Wärtsilä, Wärtsilä-Sulzer RTA96-C, Winter diesel fuel, Wood gas, World Touring Car Championship, World War II, Yacht, Yacht Safety Bureau, Yellow grease, 12 Hours of Sebring, 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An accelerometer is a device that measures proper acceleration ("g-force").
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An actuator is a type of motor that is responsible for moving or controlling a mechanism or system.
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An adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a system and its surroundings; energy is transferred only as work.
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Adolphus Busch (10 July 1839 – 10 October 1913) was the German-born co-founder of Anheuser-Busch with his father-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser.
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Air cooling is a method of dissipating heat.
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An air-start system is a power source used to provide the initial rotation to start large diesel and gas turbine engines.
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Air–fuel ratio (AFR) is the mass ratio of air to fuel present in a combustion process such as in an internal combustion engine or industrial furnace.
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The aircraft diesel engine or aero diesel has not been widely used as an aircraft engine.
An airship or dirigible is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft which can navigate through the air under its own power.
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The Alfa Romeo 156 (Tipo 932) is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1997 to 2007 (Q4 Crosswagon was produced to the end of 2007, the 156 saloon was discontinued late in 2005 in Europe).
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An alternator is an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current.
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Arachis is a genus of about 70 species of annual and perennial flowering plants in the pea family (Fabaceae), native to South America, and was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Pterocarpus clade of the Dalbergieae.
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The concept of an archetype is found in areas relating to behavior, modern psychological theory, and literary analysis.
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An aspirator, is a type of ejector-jet pump, that produces vacuum by means of the Venturi effect.
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The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, often abbreviated as Santa Fe or AT&SF, was one of the larger railroads in the United States.
The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as.
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The Audi 100 and Audi 200 are executive cars manufactured for model years 1968–1994 by Audi, a division of the Volkswagen Group.
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The Audi R10 TDI, usually abbreviated to R10, is a racing car from the German car manufacturer Audi.
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Augsburg is a city in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany.
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Autocar is a weekly British automobile magazine published by Haymarket Motoring Publications Ltd.
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The Škoda Octavia is a large family car family produced by Czech automaker Škoda Auto since 1996.
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Barton Transport Bartons Public Limited Company formerly Barton Transport plc was a bus company that operated in Nottinghamshire from 1908 until 1989.
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The Beardmore Tornado was an eight-cylinder inline aircraft Diesel engine built in 1927 by William Beardmore and Company of Glasgow, Scotland, and used in the British R101 airship when petrol engines were thought unsafe in the tropics.
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Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil - or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
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A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
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Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the epithelial lining (i.e., the urothelium) of the urinary bladder.
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A block heater warms an engine to increase the chances that the engine will start as well as warm up the vehicle faster than it normally would in extremely cold weather.
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Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (Bavarian Motor Works), commonly known as BMW or BMW AG, is a German automobile, motorcycle and engine manufacturing company founded in 1916.
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The BMW 114 was a nine-cylinder air-cooled radial engine intended for military aircraft use.
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The Bonneville Salt Flats is a densely packed salt pan in Tooele County in northwestern Utah.
Bore is the diameter measurement of the cylinders in a piston engine.
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The Petroleum Production Company Nobel Brothers, Limited, or Branobel (short for братьев Нобель "brat'yev Nobel"—cable communications meaning Nobel Brothers in Russian), was an oil company set up by Ludvig Nobel and Baron Peter von Bilderling, mainly in Baku, Azerbaijan but also in Cheleken, Turkmenistan.
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Burmeister & Wain was a large established Danish shipyard and leading diesel engine producer headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark.
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A bus (plural "buses",, archaically also omnibus, multibus, or autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
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A camshaft is a shaft to which a cam is fastened or of which a cam forms an integral part.
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A candle wick is usually a braided cotton that holds the flame of a candle or oil lamp for a set period of time depending upon the amount of wick.
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A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation.
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Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas vital to life on Earth.
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Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
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A carbureted compression ignition model engine, popularly known as a model diesel engine, is a simple compression ignition engine made for model propulsion, usually model aircraft but also model boats.
A carburetor (American and Canadian spelling), carburator, carburettor, or carburetter (Commonwealth spelling) is a device that blends air and fuel for an internal combustion engine.
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The Carnot cycle is a theoretical thermodynamic cycle proposed by Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot in 1824 and expanded upon by others in the 1830s and 1840s.
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Catalytic reforming is a chemical process used to convert petroleum refinery naphthas distilled from crude oil (typically having low octane ratings) into high-octane liquid products called reformates, which are premium blending stocks for high-octane gasoline.
Caterpillar Inc., is an American corporation which designs, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.
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Cetane number or CN is an indicator of the combustion speed of diesel fuel.
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Charles Franklin Kettering (August 29, 1876 – November 24 or 25, 1958) was an American inventor, engineer, businessman, and the holder of 186 patents.
Citroën is a major French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976.
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Clessie Lyle Cummins (December 27, 1888 - August 17, 1968) was the founder of the Cummins Engine Co.
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Coal dust is a fine powdered form of coal, which is created by the crushing, grinding, or pulverizing of coal.
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The Coffman engine starter (also known as a "shotgun starter") was a starting system used on many piston engines in aircraft and armored vehicles of the 1930s and 1940s.
Cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time.
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Cold filter plugging point (CFPP) is the lowest temperature, expressed in degrees Celsius (°C), at which a given volume of diesel type of fuel still passes through a standardized filtration device in a specified time when cooled under certain conditions.
In electric power generation a combined cycle is an assembly of heat engines that work in tandem from the same source of heat, converting it into mechanical energy, which in turn usually drives electrical generators.
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The combined gas law is a gas law that combines Charles's law, Boyle's law, and Gay-Lussac's law.
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Combustion or burning is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
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A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.
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Several common ethanol fuel mixtures are in use around the world.
Common rail direct fuel injection is a direct fuel injection system for petrol and diesel engines.
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The compression ratio of an internal-combustion engine or external combustion engine is a value that represents the ratio of the volume of its combustion chamber from its largest capacity to its smallest capacity.
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A compression release engine brake, frequently called a Jake brake or Jacobs brake, is an engine braking mechanism installed on some diesel engines.
Control theory is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and mathematics that deals with the behavior of dynamical systems with inputs, and how their behavior is modified by feedback.
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Heat exchangers are devices that transfer heat in order to achieve desired heating or cooling.
In electrical power generation, the distinct ways of generating electricity incur significantly different costs.
Cranfield University is a British postgraduate and research-based university specialising in science, engineering, technology and management.
A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.
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A crosshead is a mechanism used in long reciprocating engines and reciprocating compressors to eliminate sideways pressure on the piston.
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Cummins Inc. is an American Fortune 500 corporation that designs, manufactures, and distributes engines, filtration, and power generation products.
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CuproBraze is a copper-alloy heat exchanger technology for harsh temperature and pressure environments such as those in the latest generations of cleaner diesel engines mandated by global environmental regulations.
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A cylinder is the central working part of a reciprocating engine or pump, the space in which a piston travels.
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In an internal combustion engine, the cylinder head (often informally abbreviated to just head) sits above the cylinders on top of the cylinder block.
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DAF Trucks NV is a Dutch truck manufacturing company and a division of Paccar.
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Daimler-Benz AG was a German manufacturer of automobiles, motor vehicles, and internal combustion engines; founded in 1926.
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Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) (Daimler Motors Corporation) was a German engine and later automobile manufacturer, in operation from 1890 until 1926.
In a reciprocating engine, the dead centre is the position of a piston in which it is farthest from, or nearest to, the crankshaft.
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is a global automotive components manufacturer headquartered in the city of Kariya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan.
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Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) is an American diesel engine manufacturer headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, USA and a subsidiary of Daimler Trucks North America, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG.
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The Detroit Diesel Series 71 is a two-stroke diesel engine series, available in both inline and V configurations, with the inline models including one, two, three, four and six cylinders, and the V-types including six, eight, 12, 16 and 24 cylinders.
Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body.
The Deutschland class was a series of three Panzerschiffe ("armored ships"), a form of heavily armed cruiser, built by the Reichsmarine officially in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles.
Deutz AG is an engine manufacturer, based in Cologne, Germany.
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Diesel automobile racing can refer to any use of diesel as a fuel for racing cars.
The Diesel cycle is a combustion process of a reciprocating internal combustion engine.
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The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or 'CI' engine) is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel that has been injected into the combustion chamber is initiated by the high temperature which a gas achieves when greatly compressed (adiabatic compression).
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Diesel exhaust is produced inside diesel engines, where conditions differ considerably from spark-ignition engines.
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Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF), commonly referred to as AdBlue in Europe, Australia, and New Zealand, and standardised as ISO 22241 is an aqueous urea solution made with 32.5% high-purity urea (AUS 32) and 67.5% deionized water.
Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.
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A diesel generator is the combination of a diesel engine with an electric generator (often an alternator) to generate electrical energy.
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A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine.
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A diesel motorcycle is a motorcycle with a diesel engine.
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A diesel multiple unit or DMU is a multiple-unit train powered by on-board diesel engines.
Diesel-electric transmission, or diesel-electric powertrain is used by a number of vehicle and ship types for providing locomotion.
Dieselisation or dieselization is a term generally used for the increasingly common use of diesel fuel in vehicles, as opposed to gasoline or steam engines.
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Dimethyl ether (DME), also known as methoxymethane, is the organic compound with the formula CH3OCH3, simplified to C2H6O.
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Discovery Channel (formerly The Discovery Channel from 1985 to 1995, and often referred to as simply "Discovery") is an American basic cable and satellite television channel (which is also delivered via IPTV, terrestrial television and internet television in other parts of the world) that is the flagship television property of Discovery Communications, a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav.
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Doosan Group is a South Korean conglomerate company.
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E-boat (German: Schnellboot, or S-Boot, meaning "fast boat") was the Western Allies' designation for fast attack craft of the Kriegsmarine during World War II.
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In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy for use in an external circuit.
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An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or fuel cell.
Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc., also referred to as "EMD", is owned by Caterpillar through its wholly owned subsidiary Progress Rail Services Corporation.
Electromagnetic interference (EMI), also called radio-frequency interference (RFI) when in the radio frequency spectrum, is a disturbance generated by an external source that affects an electrical circuit by electromagnetic induction, electrostatic coupling, or conduction.
In automotive electronics, electronic control unit (ECU) is a generic term for any embedded system that controls one or more of the electrical system or subsystems in a motor vehicle.
Electronic Diesel Control is a diesel engine fuel injection control system for the precise metering and delivery of fuel into the combustion chamber of modern diesel engines used in trucks and cars.
The EMD 567 is a line of large medium-speed diesel engines built by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division.
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Emma Mærsk is the first container ship in the E-class of eight owned by the A. P. Moller-Maersk Group.
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EN590 describes the physical properties that all automotive diesel fuel must meet if it is to be sold in the European Union and several other European countries.
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Engine efficiency of thermal engines is the relationship between the total energy contained in the fuel, and the amount of energy used to perform useful work.
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Engine tuning is an adjustment, modification of the internal combustion engine or modification to its control unit, otherwise known as its ECU (Engine Control Unit).
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An engine-generator is the combination of an electrical generator and an engine (prime mover) mounted together to form a single piece of equipment.
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The English Channel (Manche, "Sleeve"; Mor Breizh, "Bretons Sea"; Mor Bretannek, "British Sea"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France, and joins the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
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Ethanol, also commonly called ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol, or simply alcohol is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts.
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Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups—of general formula R–O–R'.
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European emission standards define the acceptable limits for exhaust emissions of new vehicles sold in EU member states.
The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
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In internal combustion engines, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is a nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions reduction technique used in petrol/gasoline and diesel engines.
The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 15 April to 12 November 1900, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next.
An external combustion engine (EC engine) is a heat engine where a working fluid, contained internally, is heated by combustion in an external source, through the engine wall or a heat exchanger.
Fairbanks Morse and Company was an American manufacturing company in the late 19th and early 20th century.
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The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, English: 'International Automobile Federation') is an association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users.
The Fiat Croma is the name used for two automobiles produced by Italian automaker Fiat, one a large family car built from 1985 to 1996 and the other a cross-over wagon built from 2005 to 2011.
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The Fischer–Tropsch process is a collection of chemical reactions that converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into liquid hydrocarbons.
Flammability is the ability of a substance to burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion.
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The flash point of a volatile material is the lowest temperature at which it can vaporise to form an ignitable mixture in air.
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A flat engine is an internal combustion engine with horizontally-opposed pistons.
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A flywheel is a rotating mechanical device that is used to store rotational energy.
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Forced induction is the process of delivering compressed air to the intake of an internal combustion engine.
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A four-stroke engine (also known as four-cycle) is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning a crankshaft.
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Fram ("Forward") is a ship that was used in expeditions of the Arctic and Antarctic regions by the Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup, Oscar Wisting, and Roald Amundsen between 1893 and 1912.
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Front-wheel drive (FWD) is a form of engine and transmission layout used in motor vehicles, where the engine drives the front wheels only.
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The fuel economy of an automobile is the fuel efficiency relationship between the distance traveled and the amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the efficiency of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier fuel into kinetic energy or work.
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Fuel injection is a system for admitting fuel into an internal combustion engine.
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Fuel oil or heavy oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue.
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A fuel pump is a frequently (but not always) essential component on a car or other internal combustion engined device.
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A fuel tank (or petrol tank) is a safe container for flammable fluids.
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Gale Banks (born 1942) is a hot rodder, and drag racer who grew up in Lynnwood, California.
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Gale Banks Engineering and its four divisions (Banks Power,Banks Technology, Banks Marine, and Banks Racing), are companies created by Southern California hot rodder and automobile engineer, Gale Banks.
A gas compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.
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A gas engine is an internal combustion engine which runs on a gas fuel, such as coal gas, producer gas, biogas, landfill gas or natural gas.
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A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of internal combustion engine.
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Gasoline, also known as petrol outside of North America, is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal combustion engines.
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In non-Diesel internal combustion engines, Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI), also known as Petrol Direct Injection, Direct Petrol Injection, Spark Ignited Direct Injection (SIDI) and Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI), is a variant of fuel injection employed in modern two-stroke and four-stroke gasoline engines.
A gear train is a mechanical system formed by mounting gears on a frame so that the teeth of the gears engage.
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General Motors Company, commonly known as GM, is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, that designs, manufactures, markets and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts and sells financial services.
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A glow plug engine, or glow engine, is a type of small internal combustion engine typically used in model aircraft, model cars and similar applications.
A glowplug (alternatively spelled as glow plug or glow-plug) is a heating device used to aid starting diesel engines.
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A governor, or speed limiter, is a device used to measure and regulate the speed of a machine, such as an engine.
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In manufacturing or mechanical engineering a groove is a long and narrow indentation built into a material, generally for the purpose of allowing another material or part to move within the groove and be guided by it.
Hanomag (Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG) was a German producer of steam locomotives, tractors, trucks and military vehicles in Hanover.
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Sir Harry Ricardo (26 January 1885 – 18 May 1974) was one of the foremost engine designers and researchers in the early years of the development of the internal combustion engine.
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The heat of combustion (\Delta H_c^\circ) is the energy released as heat when a compound undergoes complete combustion with oxygen under standard conditions.
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Heavy equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations.
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Herbert Akroyd-Stuart (28 January 1864, Halifax, Yorkshire, England - 19 February 1927, Halifax) was an English inventor who is noted for his invention of the hot bulb engine, or heavy oil engine.
The hertz (symbol Hz) is the unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
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The Hesselman engine is a hybrid between a petrol engine and a Diesel engine introduced by Swedish engineer Jonas Hesselman in 1925.
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Hino Motors, Ltd. (日野自動車株式会社, Hino Jidōsha), commonly known as simply Hino, is a Japanese manufacturer of commercial vehicles and diesel engines (including trucks, buses and other vehicles) headquartered in Hino-shi, Tokyo.
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Although various forms of internal combustion engines were developed before the 19th century, their use was hindered until the commercial drilling and production of petroleum began in the mid-1850s.
Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) is a form of internal combustion in which well-mixed fuel and oxidizer (typically air) are compressed to the point of auto-ignition.
The hot bulb engine, or hotbulb or heavy oil engine is a type of internal combustion engine.
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Hulsebos-Hesselman axial oil engines were five cylinder, four stroke, wobble plate engines that originated in and were used throughout the Netherlands during the late 1930s.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
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An ignition system is a system for igniting a fuel-air mixture.
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India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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Indirect injection in an internal combustion engine is fuel injection where fuel is not directly injected into the combustion chamber.
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An Injection Pump is the device that pumps diesel (as the fuel) into the cylinders of a diesel engine.
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An injector, ejector, steam ejector, steam injector, eductor-jet pump or thermocompressor is a type of pump.
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In automotive engineering, an inlet manifold or intake manifold (in American English) is the part of an engine that supplies the fuel/air mixture to the cylinders.
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An intercooler is any mechanical device used to cool a fluid, including liquids or gases, between stages of a multi-stage heating process, typically a heat exchanger that removes waste heat in a gas compressor.
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An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The International Harvester Company (abbreviated first IHC and later IH) was a U.S. manufacturer of agricultural machinery, construction equipment, trucks, and household and commercial products.
Iveco, an acronym for Industrial Vehicles Corporation, is an Italian industrial vehicle manufacturing company based in Turin, Italy, and entirely controlled by CNH Industrial Group.
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The JCB Dieselmax is a diesel-engined 'streamliner' car designed for the purpose of breaking the land speed record for a diesel-engined vehicle.
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Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.
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Deere & Company (brand name John Deere) is an American corporation that manufactures agricultural, construction, and forestry machinery, diesel engines, drivetrains (axles, transmissions, gearboxes) used in heavy equipment, and lawn care equipment.
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The joule, symbol J, is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
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Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG (JFM, earlier JCO or JKO in World War I), more commonly Junkers, was a major German aircraft manufacturer.
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The Junkers Jumo 204 was the second in a series of German aircraft Diesel engines.
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The Junkers Jumo 205 aircraft engine was the most famous of a series of aircraft diesel engines that were the first, and for more than half a century the only, successful aviation diesel powerplants.
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Karl Friedrich Benz (November 25, 1844 – April 4, 1929) was a German engine designer and engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the first automobile powered by an internal combustion engine, and together with Bertha Benz, pioneering founder of the automobile manufacturer Mercedes-Benz.
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is an international corporation based in Japan.
Kerosene, also known as lamp oil, is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid widely used as a fuel in industry and households.
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The Kharkiv model V-2 (В-2, German Transliteration: W-2) was a Soviet diesel tank V-12 engine designed at the Kharkiv Locomotive Factory by Konstantin Chelpan and his team.
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The kilowatt hour (symbol kWh, kW·h, or kW h) is a unit of energy equal to 1,000 watt-hours, or 3.6 megajoules.
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The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, have become famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.
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Ligier is a French automobile maker created by former racing driver and rugby player Guy Ligier.
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Lipids are a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, phospholipids, and others.
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This is a list of current and defunct automobile manufacturers of Japan.
Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the IARC as Group 1: The agent (mixture) is carcinogenic to humans.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
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Lombardini S.r.l. is an Italian manufacturer of Diesel engines up to 65HP.
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Lubrication is the process or technique employed to reduce friction between, and wear of one or both, surfaces in close proximity and moving relative to each other, by interposing a substance called a lubricant between them.
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Lung cancer, also known as carcinoma of the lung or pulmonary carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.
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LZ 129 Hindenburg (Luftschiff Zeppelin #129; Registration: D-LZ 129) was a large German commercial passenger-carrying rigid airship, the lead ship of the ''Hindenburg'' class, the longest class of flying machine and the largest airship by envelope volume.
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A.P. Moller–Maersk Group (Danish: A.P. Møller–Mærsk A/S), also known as Maersk, is a Danish business conglomerate.
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MAN Diesel SE (formerly MAN B&W Diesel AG) was a provider of large-bore diesel engines for marine propulsion systems and power plant applications.
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MAN SE (abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg, or), formerly MAN AG, is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group.
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Marine propulsion is the mechanism or system used to generate thrust to move a ship or boat across water.
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Maybach Motorenbau was a German car manufacturer.
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Mercedes-Benz is a German automobile manufacturer, a multinational division of the German manufacturer Daimler AG.
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The Mercedes-Benz 260 D, coded Mercedes-Benz W 138 according to internal works designation, was one of the first two diesel engined series produced passenger cars, together with the diesel version of the Hanomag Rekord.
The Mercedes-Benz OM636 engine is a diesel engine manufactured by the Mercedes-Benz division of Daimler AG.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
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A microvan is a van that fits into Japanese kei car classification or similar.
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A mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum.
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The Mitsubishi 4N1 engine is a family of all-alloy four-cylinder diesel engines developed by Mitsubishi Motors, produced at the company's powertrain facility in Kyoto, Japan for use in Mitsubishi's small to mid-sized global passenger cars.
is a Japanese multinational engineering, electrical equipment, and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
is a multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
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A motorcycle (also called a motorbike, bike, moto or cycle) is a two or three wheeled motor vehicle.
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MS Selandia was the most advanced ocean-going diesel motor ship in her time.
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Multiple units (MU) are self-propelled train carriages capable of coupling with other units of the same or similar type and still being controlled from one driving cab.
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The Napier Deltic engine is a British opposed-piston valveless, supercharged uniflow scavenged, two-stroke Diesel engine used in marine and locomotive applications, designed and produced by Napier & Son (Chief Engineer: Ernest Edward Chatterton).
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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
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Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years.
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Nürburgring is a 150,000-capacity motorsports complex around the village of Nürburg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
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The New London Ship and Engine Company (NELSECO) was established in Groton, Connecticut as a subsidiary of the Electric Boat Company to manufacture diesel engines.
Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.
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Non-road engine (which may include non-road equipment and non-road vehicle) is an internal combustion engine or a gas turbine engine used for other purposes than being an engine of a vehicle operated on public roadways.
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Octane is a hydrocarbon and an alkane with the chemical formula C8H18, and the condensed structural formula CH3(CH2)6CH3.
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An off-road vehicle is considered to be any type of vehicle which is capable of driving on and off paved or gravel surface.
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An "oil field" or "oilfield" is a region with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (crude oil) from below ground.
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An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas.
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Oldsmobile produced various Diesel engines from 1978 to 1985.
The Opel Vectra is a large family car that was engineered and produced by the German automaker Opel.
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An operating temperature is the temperature at which an electrical or mechanical device operates.
An opposed-piston engine is a reciprocating internal combustion engine in which each cylinder has a piston at both ends, and no cylinder head.
Oscillation is the repetitive variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states.
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An Otto cycle is an idealized thermodynamic cycle that describes the functioning of a typical spark ignition piston engine.
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The Otto engine was a large stationary single-cylinder internal combustion four-stroke engine designed by Nikolaus Otto.
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Peanut oil, also known as groundnut oil or arachis oil, is a mild-tasting vegetable oil derived from peanuts.
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Perkins Engines (officially Perkins Engines Company Limited), a subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc., is primarily a diesel engine manufacturer for several markets including Agricultural, Construction, Material Handling, Power Generation and Industrial.
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A petrol engine (known as a gasoline engine in American English) is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition, designed to run on petrol (gasoline) and similar volatile fuels.
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Petroleum (L. petroleum, from early 15c. "petroleum, rock oil" (mid-14c. in Anglo-French), from Medieval Latin petroleum, from petra: "rock" + ''oleum'': "oil".) is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels.
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Peugeot is a French cars brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën.
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The Peugeot 204 is a small family car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot between 1965 and 1976.
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The Peugeot 205 was a supermini car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1983 to 1998.
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The Peugeot 604 is an executive car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1975 to 1985.
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Piaggio & C. SpA (Piaggio) via its subsidiaries designs, engineers, manufactures and distributes two wheeled motor vehicles and compact commercial vehicles under seven brands.
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Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.
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The Pioneer Zephyr is a diesel-powered railroad train formed of railroad cars permanently articulated together with Jacobs bogies, built by the Budd Company in 1934 for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q), commonly known as the Burlington.
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Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.
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A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms.
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A piston ring is a split ring that fits into a groove on the outer diameter of a piston in a reciprocating engine such as an internal combustion engine or steam engine.
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In physics, power is the rate of doing work.
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Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.
In engineering, a prime mover is an engine that converts fuel to useful work.
Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula, a gas at standard temperature and pressure, but compressible to a transportable liquid.
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A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust.
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Prosper L'Orange (born 1 February 1876, Beirut; died 30 July 1939, Stuttgart) was a German engineer and inventor who pioneered the precombustion chamber (or prechamber), which made possible high-speed diesel engines that did not require an air compressor, and enabled them to be built small enough for use in road vehicles.
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A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
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A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.
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R101 was one of a pair of British rigid airships completed in 1929 as part of a British government programme to develop civil airships capable of service on long-distance routes within the British Empire.
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Raúl Pateras Pescara de Castelluccio (1890 – 1966), marquis of Pateras-Pescara, was an engineer and inventor from Argentina who specialized in automobiles, helicopters and free-piston engines.
A radio telescope is a form of directional radio antenna used in radio astronomy.
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Rail freight transport is the use of railroads and trains to transport cargo as opposed to human passengers.
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, rapa, rappi, rapaseed, (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), (油菜: Mandarin Pinyin yóucài; Cantonese:yau choy) consumed in China and Southern Africa as a vegetable.
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A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is a heat engine (usually, although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
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Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is a measure of the frequency of rotation, specifically the number of rotations around a fixed axis in one minute.
Richard Hornsby & Sons was an engine and machinery manufacturer in Lincolnshire, England from 1828 until 1918.
Robert Bosch GmbH, or Bosch, is a German multinational engineering and electronics company headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.
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Rolls-Royce Holdings plc is a British multinational public holding company that, through its various subsidiaries, designs, manufactures and distributes power systems for aviation and other industries.
Ronson Consumer Products Corporation was formerly based in Somerset, New Jersey, United States.
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The Roots type supercharger or Roots blower is a positive displacement lobe pump which operates by pumping a fluid with a pair of meshing lobes not unlike a set of stretched gears.
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine and his mysterious death.
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Adolph Saurer AG based in Arbon, Switzerland was a manufacturer of trucks and buses under the Saurer and Berna (beginning in 1929) brand names, active between 1903 and 1982.
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Scania Aktiebolag (publ), commonly referred to as Scania AB or just Scania, is a major Swedish automotive industry manufacturer of commercial vehicles – specifically heavy trucks and buses.
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In automotive usage, scavenging is the process of pushing exhausted gas-charge out of the cylinder and drawing in a fresh draught of air or fuel/air mixture for the next cycle.
The scroll-type supercharger is a positive displacement orbiting-spiral supercharger.
SEAT, S.A. (in Spanish, Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo; in English, Spanish Society of Motor Cars) is a Spanish automobile manufacturer with its head office in Martorell, Spain.
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The SEAT León is a hatchback small family car built by the Spanish car manufacturer SEAT since October 1998.
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A ship is a large buoyant watercraft.
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The six-stroke engine is a type of internal combustion engine based on the four-stroke engine, but with additional complexity intended to make it more efficient and reduce emissions.
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smart Automobile is a division of Daimler AG that manufactures and markets the smart Fortwo and smart Forfour.
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The Smart Fortwo is a rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive, 2-seater, 2-door hatchback city car manufactured and marketed by the Smart division of Daimler AG, introduced in 1998, now in its third generation.
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A solenoid (from the French solénoïde, derived in turn from the Greek solen "pipe, channel" + combining form of Greek eidos "form, shape") is a coil wound into a tightly packed helix.
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The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (a) abbreviated to USSR (r) or shortened to the Soviet Union (p), was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991.
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A spark plug (sometimes, in British English, a sparking plug, and, colloquially, a plug) is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine.
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The SS Dresden was an English passenger ship which operated, as such, from 1897 to 1915.
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A stand-alone power system (SAPS or SPS), also known as remote area power supply (RAPS), is an off-the-grid electricity system for locations that are not fitted with an electricity distribution system.
Standby generators A standby generator is a back-up electrical system that operates automatically.
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A starter (also self starter, self, or starter motor) is an electric motor, pneumatic motor, hydraulic motor, an internal-combustion engine in case of very large engines or other device used for rotating an internal-combustion engine so as to initiate the engine's operation under its own power.
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A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
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A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft.
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A Stirling engine is a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas (the working fluid) at different temperatures, such that there is a net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work.
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Stoewer was a German automobile manufacturer before World War II whose headquarters were in Stettin (Now Szczecin, Poland).
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The straight or inline engine is an internal-combustion engine with all cylinders aligned in one row and having no offset.
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A straight-14 engine or inline-14 engine is a fourteen-cylinder internal combustion engine with all fourteen cylinders mounted in a straight line along the crankcase.
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A straight-twin engine, also known as straight-two, inline-twin, vertical-twin, or parallel-twin is a two-cylinder piston engine which has its cylinders arranged side by side and its pistons connected to a common crankshaft.
Reciprocating motion, used in reciprocating engines and other mechanisms, is back-and-forth motion.
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is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), the twenty-second biggest automaker by production worldwide in 2012.
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A submarine is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
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Sulfur or sulphur (see spelling differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
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Sulzer Ltd. is a Swiss industrial engineering and manufacturing firm, founded by Salomon Sulzer-Bernet in 1775 and established as Sulzer Brothers Ltd.
The Super Chief was one of the named passenger trains and the flagship of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.
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A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
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Supermini (also called B-segment across Europe) is a class of automobile larger than a city car but smaller than a small family car.
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Synthetic fuel or synfuel is a liquid fuel, or sometimes gaseous fuel, obtained from syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, in which the syngas was derived from gasification of solid feedstocks such as coal or biomass or by reforming of natural gas.
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The T-34 was a Soviet medium tank that had a profound and lasting effect on the field of tank design.
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Tatra is a vehicle manufacturer in Kopřivnice, Czech Republic.
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The Tatra 111 was a truck produced in Czechoslovakia by the Tatra company.
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Telescoping in mechanics describes the movement of one part sliding out from another, lengthening an object (such as a telescope or the lift arm of an aerial work platform) from its rest state.
The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper published from Edinburgh.
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In thermodynamics, the thermal efficiency (\eta_ \) is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, a furnace, or a refrigerator for example.
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The term Third World arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO, or the Communist Bloc.
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In mathematics, a toroid is a doughnut-shaped object, such as an O-ring.
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Torque, moment, or moment of force (see the terminology below) is the tendency of a force to rotate an object about an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.
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A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction.
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Tractor vaporising oil (or TVO) is a fuel for Petrol-paraffin engines.
A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of vehicles that usually runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
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In organic chemistry, transesterification is the process of exchanging the organic group R″ of an ester with the organic group R′ of an alcohol.
A truck (United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, called a lorry in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Indian Subcontinent) is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
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Turbo-diesel, also written as turbodiesel and turbo diesel refers to any diesel engine equipped with a turbocharger.
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A turbocharger, or turbo (colloquialism), from Greek "τύρβη" ("wake"), (also from Latin "turbo" ("spinning top")) is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
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In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is a flow regime characterized by chaotic property changes.
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A two stroke diesel engine is a diesel engine that works in two strokes.
A two-stroke, or two-cycle, engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution.
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U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
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Unit injector (UI) is an integrated direct fuel injection system for diesel engines, combining the injector nozzle and the injection pump in a single component.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United States Army (USA) is the largest branch of the United States Armed Forces and performs land-based military operations.
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The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
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Vandal was a river tanker designed by Karl Hagelin and Johny Johnson for Branobel.
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Vapor lock is a problem that mostly affects gasoline-fueled internal combustion engines.
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Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system.
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In internal combustion engines, variable valve timing (VVT) is the process of altering the timing of a valve lift event, and is often used to improve performance, fuel economy or emissions.
Variable-geometry turbochargers (VGTs), (also known as variable nozzle turbines/VNTs), are a family of turbochargers, usually designed to allow the effective aspect ratio (A:R) of the turbo to be altered as conditions change.
A vegetable oil is a triglyceride extracted from a plant.
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Vegetable oil can be used as an alternative fuel in diesel engines and in heating oil burners.
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The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
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In chemistry and physics, volatility is the tendency of a substance to vaporize.
Volkswagen (VW) is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
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Volkswagen Group, or Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft, shortly VW AG, and its subsidiaries, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
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The Volvo Group (Volvokoncernen; legally Aktiebolaget Volvo, usually shortened to AB Volvo) is a Swedish multinational manufacturing company headquartered in Gothenburg.
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Wärtsilä is a Finnish corporation which manufactures and services power sources and other equipment in the marine and energy markets.
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The Wärtsilä RT-flex96C is a two-stroke turbocharged low-speed diesel engine designed by the Finnish manufacturer Wärtsilä.
Winter diesel fuel (also known as winter diesel or winterized diesel (AE)) refers to diesel fuel enhanced to prevent it from gelling in cold weather conditions.
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Wood gas is a syngas fuel which can be used as a fuel for furnaces, stoves and vehicles in place of gasoline, diesel or other fuels.
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The FIA World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) is an international Touring Car championship sanctioned by the FIA.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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A yacht is a recreational boat or ship.
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The Yacht Safety Bureau, Inc.
Yellow grease, also termed used cooking oil (UCO), used vegetable oil (UVO), recycled vegetable oil, or waste vegetable oil (WVO) is recovered from businesses and industry that use the oil for cooking.
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The 12 Hours of Sebring is an annual motorsport endurance race for sports cars held at Sebring International Raceway, on the site of the former Hendricks Army Airfield World War II air base in Sebring, Florida.
The 2006 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 74th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place over 17–18 June 2006.
The 7TP (siedmiotonowy polski - 7-tonne Polish) was a Polish light tank of the Second World War.
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