268 relations: Acid rain, Adolf Klose, Adolphus Busch, Advanced steam technology, Air compressor, Air pollution, ALCO boxcab, ALCO DL-109, ALCO RS-1, Alco-GE, Alternator, American Locomotive Company, Ammeter, Ammunition dump, Ampere, Amtrak, Animal, Armature (electrical engineering), Association of American Railroads, Atlas Copco, Automatic transmission, Axle, B unit, Baldwin 0-6-6-0 1000, Baldwin Locomotive Works, Baltic Shipyard, Bank engine, Beardmore Tornado, Big Inch, Binary data, Biodiesel, Bogie, Boiler, Bombardier Talent, Bombardier Transportation, Boxcab, British Rail, British Rail 10100, British Rail Class 35, British Rail Class 42, British Rail Class D16/1, Brown, Boveri & Cie, Brush (electric), Budd Company, Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway, Busch-Sulzer, Cab (locomotive), Cab unit, Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway, ..., Caucasus, Chicago, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, Classification yard, Cleveland Diesel Engine Division, Clutch, Cockerill Maintenance & Ingénierie, Commutator (electric), Commuter rail, Control theory, Counter-electromotive force, Cow-calf, CRRC Qingdao Sifang, DB Class V 200, DB V 160 family, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Deutsche Bahn, Deutsche Reichsbahn, Diesel engine, Diesel multiple unit, Diesel–electric transmission, Diode, Diode bridge, Direct current, Distributed power, Double heading, Drawbar (haulage), DRG Class SVT 137, DRG Class SVT 877, Dynamic braking, Electric generator, Electric locomotive, Electric power, Electro-diesel locomotive, Electro-Motive Diesel, EMC 1800 hp B-B, EMD 567, EMD E-unit, EMD F-unit, EMD FT, EMD GP40-2, EMD GP7, EMD SD40-2, EMD SD70 series, England, Epicyclic gearing, Feedback, Fiat Automobiles, Fireless locomotive, Fluid coupling, FS Class ALn 772, Fuel injection, Ganz Works, Gasoline, GE AC4400CW, GE AC6000CW, General Electric, General Motors, Germany, GMD GMDH-1, GNR Class L1, Governor (device), Great Depression, Harghita County, Heilmann locomotive, Henry Deane (engineer), Henschel & Son, Herbert Akroyd Stuart, Hermann Lemp, History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994, Hood unit, Horsepower, Hot-bulb engine, Hudswell Clarke, Human, Hybrid electric vehicle, Hybrid train, Hydraulic drive system, Ingersoll Rand, Internal combustion engine, Jackshaft (locomotive), Jumper cable, Kaufman Act, Kerosene, Krauss-Maffei, Krauss-Maffei ML 4000 C'C', Kursk, Level crossing, List of low-emissions locomotives, Locomotive, Long Island Rail Road, MaK / Vossloh G1206, MAN SE, Manhattan, Mars Light, Maschinenfabrik Esslingen, Master/slave (technology), McIntosh & Seymour, McKeen railmotor, Metro-North Railroad, Moscow, Multiple unit, Multiple working, Multiple-unit train control, National Coal Board, New York City, Nitrogen dioxide, Nitrogen oxide, NJ Transit Rail Operations, Non-road engine, North America, North Sumatra, Not-To-Exceed, NOx, NZR RM class (Vulcan), Oil refinery, Overhead line, Particulates, Pioneer Zephyr, Plant, Pollution, Port of Hull, Potentiometer, Power (physics), Priestman Brothers, Prime mover (locomotive), Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, Prototype, Pullman Company, R101, RAF Welford, Rail transport, Rail transport in the Soviet Union, Railcar, Railpower GG20B, Railway air brake, Railway coupling, Railway electrification system, Ratchet (device), Rectifier, RegioSwinger, RENFE Class 340, RENFE Class 350, RENFE Class 352, RENFE Class 353, RENFE Class 354, Renfe Operadora, Resistor, Reverser handle, Revolutions per minute, Roots-type supercharger, Royal Arsenal, Royal Saxon State Railways, Rudolf Diesel, Russian locomotive class E el-2, Russian locomotive class shch-el-1, Saint Petersburg, Shunting, Shunting (rail), Siemens, Siemens Desiro, Smog, SNCF, Società Italiana Ernesto Breda, South African Class 61-000, South Tynedale Railway, Southall Railway Centre, Southern Pacific Transportation Company, Stadler Regio-Shuttle RS1, Stator, Steam locomotive, Streamliner, Stress (mechanics), Sulzer (manufacturer), Switcher, Switchgear, Switzerland, TE10, TEP80, Thermal efficiency, Third rail, Thomas Edison, Throttle, Torque, Torque converter, Traction motor, Tractive force, Train, Trans-Australian Railway, Transmission (mechanics), Turbostar, Two-stroke engine, Union Pacific Railroad, Unit injector, United Kingdom, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of Chicago Press, Variable-frequency drive, Voith, Voith Gravita, Vossloh G1700 BB, Vossloh G2000 BB, VR Class Dv12, Waggonfabrik Rastatt, Ward Leonard control, Weitzer railmotor, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, William Beardmore and Company, William Dent Priestman, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Winton Motor Carriage Company, Wismar railbus, Woodward, Inc., Woolwich, World War I, Yakov Modestovich Gakkel, Yury Lomonosov. Expand index (218 more) » « Shrink index
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).
Adolf Klose (1844–1923) was the chief engineer of the Royal Württemberg State Railways in southern Germany from June 1885 to 1896.
Adolphus Busch (10 July 1839 – 10 October 1913) was the German-born co-founder of Anheuser-Busch with his father-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser.
Advanced steam technology (sometimes known as Modern Steam) reflects an approach to the technical development of the steam engine intended for a wider variety of applications than has recently been the case.
An air compressor is a device that converts power (using an electric motor, diesel or gasoline engine, etc.) into potential energy stored in pressurized air (i.e., compressed air).
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
The ALCO boxcabs were diesel-electric switcher locomotives, otherwise known as AGEIR boxcabs as a contraction of the names of the builders.
The ALCO DL-109 is one of six models of A1A-A1A Diesel locomotives built to haul passenger trains by the American Locomotive Company (ALCO) between December, 1939 and April, 1945 ("DL" stands for Diesel Locomotive).
The ALCO RS-1 was a 4-axle diesel-electric locomotive built by Alco-GE between 1941 and 1953 and the American Locomotive Company from 1953 to 1960.
Alco-GE was a partnership between the American Locomotive Company and General Electric that lasted from 1940 to 1953.
An alternator is an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current.
The American Locomotive Company, often shortened to ALCO, ALCo or Alco, designed, built and sold steam locomotives, diesel-electric locomotives, diesel engines and generators, specialized forgings, high quality steel, armed tanks and automobiles and produced nuclear energy.
An ammeter (from Ampere Meter) is a measuring instrument used to measure the current in a circuit.
An ammunition depot, ammunition supply point (ASP), ammunition handling area (AHA), ammunition dump, is a military storage facility for live ammunition and explosives.
The ampere (symbol: A), often shortened to "amp",SI supports only the use of symbols and deprecates the use of abbreviations for units.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
In electrical engineering, an armature is the power-producing component of an electric machine.
The Association of American Railroads (AAR) is an industry trade group representing primarily the major freight railroads of North America (Canada, Mexico and the United States).
Atlas Copco is a Swedish industrial company that was founded in 1873.
An automatic transmission, also called auto, self-shifting transmission, n-speed automatic (where n is its number of forward gear ratios), or AT, is a type of motor vehicle transmission that can automatically change gear ratios as the vehicle moves, freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually.
An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.
A B unit, in railroad terminology, is a locomotive unit (generally a diesel locomotive) which does not have a driving cab or crew compartment, and must therefore be controlled from another, coupled locomotive with a driving cab (an A unit).
The Baldwin 0-6-6-0 1000/1 DE is a cab unit diesel-electric locomotive built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1945.
The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American manufacturer of railroad locomotives from 1825 to 1956.
The Baltic Shipyard (Baltiysky Zavod, formerly Shipyard 189) (С.) is one of the oldest shipyards in Russia and is part of United Shipbuilding Corporation today.
A bank engine (United Kingdom/Australia) (colloquially a banker) or helper engine or pusher engine (North America) is a railway locomotive that temporarily assists a train that requires additional power or traction to climb a gradient (or bank).
The Beardmore Tornado was an eight-cylinder inline aircraft Diesel engine built in 1927 by William Beardmore and Company of Glasgow, Scotland, and used in the British R101 airship when petrol engines were thought unsafe in the tropics.
The Big Inch and Little Big Inch, collectively known as the Inch pipelines, are petroleum pipelines extending from Texas to New Jersey, built between 1942 and 1944 as emergency war measures in the U.S. Before World War II, petroleum products were transported from the oil fields of Texas to the north-eastern states by sea by oil tankers.
Binary data is data whose unit can take on only two possible states, traditionally termed 0 and +1 in accordance with the binary numeral system and Boolean algebra.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
A bogie (in some senses called a truck in North American English) is a chassis or framework carrying wheelsets, attached to a vehicle, thus serving as a modular subassembly of wheels and axles.
A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.
The Talent is a multiple unit railcar manufactured by Bombardier that was developed by Waggonfabrik Talbot in Aachen shortly before the company was acquired by Bombardier in 1995.
Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.
A boxcab, in railroad terminology, is a locomotive in which the machinery and crew areas are enclosed in a box-like superstructure (from boxcar).
British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.
British Railways 10100 was an unusual experimental diesel locomotive known informally as The Fell Diesel Locomotive (after Lt. Col. L. F. R. Fell, who was one of the designers).
The British Rail (BR) Class 35 is a class of mixed-traffic B-B diesel locomotive with hydraulic transmission.
British Railways' (BR) Type 4 Warship class diesel-hydraulic locomotives were introduced in 1958.
Brown, Boveri (BBC) was a Swiss group of electrical engineering companies.
A brush is a device which conducts current between stationary wires and moving parts, most commonly in a rotating shaft.
The Budd Company was a 20th-century metal fabricator, a major supplier of body components to the automobile industry and a manufacturer of stainless steel passenger rail cars, airframes, missile and space vehicles, and various defense products.
The Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway (BAGS) (Ferrocarril del Sud) was one of the Big Four broad gauge,, British-owned companies that built and operated railway networks in Argentina.
The Busch-Sulzer Bros.
The cab, crew compartment or driver's compartment of a locomotive, or a self-propelled rail vehicle, is the part housing the train driver or engineer, the fireman or driver's assistant (secondman) (if any), and the controls necessary for the locomotive's, or self-propelled rail vehicle's, operation.
A cab unit and a carbody unit are body styles of locomotives in North American railroad terminology.
The Canadian National Railway Company (Compagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada) is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad was a railroad that operated in the Midwestern United States.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Hong Kong, Indian, Australian and Canadian English) is a railway yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railway cars onto one of several tracks.
The Cleveland Diesel Engine Division of General Motors (GM) was a leading research, design and production facility of diesel engines from the 1930s to the 1960s that was based in Cleveland, Ohio.
A clutch is a mechanical device which engages and disengages power transmission especially from driving shaft to driven shaft.
Cockerill Maintenance & Ingénierie (CMI) is a mechanical engineering group headquartered in Seraing, Belgium, producing machinery for steel plants, industrial heat recovery equipment and boiler, and shunting locomotives and military equipment.
A commutator is a rotary electrical switch in certain types of electric motors and electrical generators that periodically reverses the current direction between the rotor and the external circuit.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
Control theory in control systems engineering deals with the control of continuously operating dynamical systems in engineered processes and machines.
Counter-electromotive force (abbreviated counter EMF or simply CEMF),Graf, "counterelectromotive force", Dictionary of Electronics also known as back electromotive force (or back EMF), is the electromotive force or "voltage" that opposes the change in current which induced it.
In North American railroading, a cow-calf (also cow and calf) locomotive is a set of switcher-type diesel locomotives.
CRRC Qingdao Sifang Co., Ltd. formerly known as CSR Qingdao Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd.
DB Class V 200.0 (from 1968: Class 220) was the first series production diesel-hydraulic express locomotive of the German Deutsche Bundesbahn and - as Am 4/4 - of the SBB-CFF-FFS in Switzerland.
The DB V 160 locomotive family comprises several classes of closely related 4-axle diesel-hydraulic locomotives built in the 1960s and 1970s for the Deutsche Bundesbahn which take the moniker from the earliest built model: the 'DB Class V 160'.
The Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad, often shortened to Rio Grande, D&RG or D&RGW, formerly the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, was an American Class I railroad company.
Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.
The Deutsche Reichsbahn, also known as the German National Railway, the German State Railway, German Reich Railway, and the German Imperial Railway, was the name of the German national railway system created after the end of World War I from the regional railways of the individual states of the German Empire.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
A diesel multiple unit or DMU is a multiple-unit train powered by on-board diesel engines.
A diesel–electric transmission, or diesel–electric powertrain, is used by a number of vehicle and ship types for providing locomotion.
A diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts current primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.
A diode bridge is an arrangement of four (or more) diodes in a bridge circuit configuration that provides the same polarity of output for either polarity of input.
Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.
In rail transport, distributed power (DP) is a generic term referring to the physical distribution—at intermediate points throughout the length of a train—of separate motive power groups.
In railroad terminology, double heading indicates the use of two locomotives at the front of a train, each operated individually by its own crew.
A drawbar is a solid coupling between a hauling vehicle and its hauled load.
The DRG Class SVT 137 was a class of streamlined diesel train sets of the Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft and later of the Deutsche Bundesbahn (as class VT 04) and the Deutsche Reichsbahn.
The DRG Class SVT 877 Hamburg Flyer – sometimes also Flying Hamburger or in German Fliegender Hamburger – was Germany's first fast diesel train, and is credited with establishing the fastest regular railway connection in the world in its time.
Dynamic braking is the use of an electric traction motor as a generator when slowing a vehicle such as an electric or diesel-electric locomotive.
In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.
An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or a supercapacitor.
Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.
An electro-diesel locomotive (also referred to as a dual-mode or bi-mode locomotive) is powered either from an electricity supply (like an electric locomotive) or by using the onboard diesel engine (like a diesel-electric locomotive).
Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) is an American manufacturer of diesel-electric locomotives, locomotive products and diesel engines for the rail industry.
Electro-Motive Diesel Electro-Motive Corporation (later Electro-Motive Division, General Motors) produced five 1800 hp B-B experimental passenger train-hauling Diesel locomotives in 1935; two company-owned demonstrators, #511 and #512, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's #50, and two units for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, Diesel Locomotive #1.
The EMD 567 is a line of large medium-speed diesel engines built by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division.
EMD E-units were a line of passenger train diesel locomotives built by the General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD) and its predecessor the Electro-Motive Corporation (EMC).
EMD F-units were a line of diesel-electric locomotives produced between November 1939 and November 1960 by General Motors Electro-Motive Division and General Motors-Diesel Division.
The EMD FT was a diesel-electric locomotive produced between March 1939 and November 1945, by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division.
The EMD GP40-2 is a 4-axle diesel road switcher locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division as part of its Dash 2 line between April 1972 and December 1986.
The EMD GP7 is a four-axle (B-B) road switcher diesel-electric locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division and General Motors Diesel between October 1949 and May 1954.
The EMD SD40-2 is a C-C diesel-electric locomotive built by EMD from 1972 to 1989.
The EMD SD70 is a series of diesel-electric locomotives produced by Electro-Motive Diesel in response to the GE Dash 9-44CW.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
An epicyclic gear train (also known as planetary gear) consists of two gears mounted so that the center of one gear revolves around the center of the other.
Feedback occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
A fireless locomotive is a type of locomotive which uses reciprocating engines powered from a reservoir of compressed air or steam, which is filled at intervals from an external source.
A fluid coupling or hydraulic coupling is a hydrodynamic device used to transmit rotating mechanical power.
The ALn 772 (Automotrice Leggera a nafta, Light Diesel motor car) series are a group of Diesel railcars built for the Italian public railway company Ferrovie dello Stato (FS) between the 1930s and the 1950s.
Fuel injection is the introduction of fuel in an internal combustion engine, most commonly automotive engines, by the means of an injector.
The Ganz Works or Ganz (or Ganz Művek, Ganz enterprises or Ganz companies) was a group of companies operating between 1845 and 1949 in Budapest, Hungary.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
The GE AC4400CW is a diesel-electric locomotive that was built by GE Transportation Systems between 1993 and 2004.
The AC6000CW is a diesel electric locomotive built by GE Transportation.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The GMD GMDH-1 was an experimental diesel-hydraulic switching locomotive built by General Motors Diesel of Canada.
The Great Northern Railway (GNR) Class L1 (LNER Class R1) was a 0-8-2T side tank steam locomotive designed by Henry Ivatt.
A governor, or speed limiter or controller, is a device used to measure and regulate the speed of a machine, such as an engine.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Harghita (Hargita megye) is a county (județ) in the center of Romania, in eastern Transylvania, with the county seat at Miercurea Ciuc.
The Heilmann locomotives were a series of three experimental steam-electric locomotives produced in the 1890s for the French Chemins de Fer de l'Ouest (CF de l'Ouest).
Henry Deane (26 March 1847 – 12 March 1924) was an Australian engineer, responsible for electrifying the Sydney tramway system and for building the Wolgan Valley Railway and Trans-Australian Railway.
Henschel & Son (Henschel und Sohn) was a German company, located in Kassel, best known during the 20th century as a maker of transportation equipment, including locomotives, trucks, buses and trolleybuses, and armoured fighting vehicles and weapons.
Herbert Akroyd-Stuart (28 January 1864, Halifax, Yorkshire, England – 19 February 1927, Halifax) was an English inventor who is noted for his invention of the hot bulb engine, or heavy oil engine.
Hermann Lemp born: Heinrich Joseph Hermann Lemp (August 8, 1862 – March 31, 1954) was a Swiss-American electrical engineer; he is credited as the inventor of the modern system of diesel electric traction co-ordination and control.
The history of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994 covers the period when the British railway system was nationalised under the name of British Rail (initially known as British Railways), until its eventual privatisation in 1994.
A hood unit, in North American railroad terminology, is a body style for diesel and electric locomotives.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
The hot-bulb engine is a type of internal combustion engine in which fuel ignites by coming in contact with a red-hot metal surface inside a bulb, followed by the introduction of air (oxygen) compressed into the hot-bulb chamber by the rising piston.
Hudswell, Clarke and Company Limited was an engineering and locomotive building company in Jack Lane, Hunslet, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).
A hybrid train is a locomotive, railcar or train that uses an onboard rechargeable energy storage system (RESS), placed between the power source (often a diesel engine prime mover) and the traction transmission system connected to the wheels.
A hydraulic drive system is a quasi-hydrostatic drive or transmission system that uses pressurized hydraulic fluid to power hydraulic machinery.
Ingersoll-Rand plc is an Irish american global diversified industrial manufacturing company formed in 1905 by the merger of Ingersoll-Sergeant Drill Company and Rand Drill Company, rival companies that had each been founded in 1871.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
A jackshaft is an intermediate shaft used to transfer power from a powered shaft such as the output shaft of an engine or motor to driven shafts such as the drive axles of a locomotive.
Jumper cables are electric cables to connect two rail or road vehicles.
The Kaufman Electrification Act of 1923, or Kaufman Act for short, was a law passed by the New York State Assembly, mandated electrification of all railroads in New York City by January 1, 1926.
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.
KraussMaffei Group GmbH is a manufacturer of injection molding machines, machines for plastics extrusion technology, and reaction process machinery.
The Krauss-Maffei ML 4000 C′C′ is a diesel-hydraulic locomotive, built between 1961 and 1969 by German manufacturer Krauss-Maffei in Munich, Germany.
Kursk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Kursk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Kur, Tuskar, and Seym Rivers.
A level crossing is an intersection where a railway line crosses a road or path at the same level, as opposed to the railway line crossing over or under using a bridge or tunnel.
The following is a list of diesel-electric locomotives that meet or exceed EPA Tier 2 locomotive emissions regulations, sorted by builder.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
The Long Island Rail Road, legally known as the Long Island Rail Road Company and often abbreviated as the LIRR, is a commuter rail system in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of New York, stretching from Manhattan to the eastern tip of Suffolk County on Long Island.
The Vossloh G1206 is a B'B' diesel hydraulic freight locomotive built in Kiel and used by several European railway operators including a SNCF specific variant the BB 461000 series.
MAN SE (abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg), formerly MAN AG, is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Mars Lights are signal-safety lights used in the United States and built by Mars Signal Light Company for railroad locomotives and firefighting apparatus.
Maschinenfabrik Esslingen (ME), was a German engineering firm that manufactured locomotives, tramways, railway wagons, roll-blocks, technical equipment for the railways, (turntables and traversers), bridges, steel structures, pumps and boilers.
Master/slave or primary/replica is a model of communication where one device or process has unidirectional control over one or more other devices.
McIntosh & Seymour was an American manufacturer of steam and internal combustion engines during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The McKeen Railmotor was a 6-cylinder self-propelled railcar or railmotor.
The Metro-North Commuter Railroad, trading as MTA Metro-North Railroad or simply Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service run by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), a public authority of the U.S. state of New York.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
A multiple-unit train or simply multiple unit (MU) is a self-propelled train composed of one or more carriages joined together, which when coupled to another multiple unit can be controlled by a single driver.
On the UK rail network, multiple working is where two or more traction units (locomotives, diesel multiple-units or electric multiple-units) are coupled together in such a way that they are all under the control of one driver (multiple-unit train control).
Multiple-unit train control, sometimes abbreviated to multiple-unit or MU, is a method of simultaneously controlling all the traction equipment in a train from a single location, whether it is a Multiple unit comprising a number of self-powered passenger cars or a set of locomotives.
The National Coal Board (NCB) was the statutory corporation created to run the nationalised coal mining industry in the United Kingdom.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nitrogen dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula.
Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.
NJ Transit Rail Operations is the rail division of NJ Transit.
Non-road engine (which may include non-road equipment and non-road vehicle) is an internal combustion engine or a gas turbine engine used for other purposes than being an engine of a vehicle operated on public roadways.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
The Not-To-Exceed (NTE) standard promulgated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ensures that heavy-duty truck engine emissions are controlled over the full range of speed and load combinations commonly experienced in use.
In atmospheric chemistry, is a generic term for the nitrogen oxides that are most relevant for air pollution, namely nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide.
The NZR RM class Vulcan railcars were operated by the New Zealand Government Railways (NZR) in the South Island of New Zealand.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
An overhead line or overhead wire is used to transmit electrical energy to trams, trolleybuses or trains.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
The Pioneer Zephyr is a diesel-powered railroad train formed of railroad cars permanently articulated together with Jacobs bogies, built by the Budd Company in 1934 for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q), commonly known as the Burlington.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
The Port of Hull is a port at the confluence of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary in Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
A potentiometer is a three-terminal resistor with a sliding or rotating contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider.
In physics, power is the rate of doing work, the amount of energy transferred per unit time.
Priestman Brothers was an engineering company based in Kingston upon Hull, England that manufactured diggers, dredgers, cranes and other industrial machinery.
In engineering, a prime mover is an engine that converts fuel to useful work.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
The Pullman Car Company, founded by George Pullman, manufactured railroad cars in the mid-to-late 19th century through the first half of the 20th century, during the boom of railroads in the United States.
R101 was one of a pair of British rigid airships completed in 1929 as part of a British government programme to develop civil airships capable of service on long-distance routes within the British Empire.
Royal Air Force Welford or more simply RAF Welford is an active Royal Air Force station in Berkshire, England.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
The Soviet Union was heavily dependent on rail transport, not least during the Russian Civil War and World War II, but also for industrialization according to the five-year plans.
A railcar, in British English and Australian English, is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers.
The Railpower GG20B Green Goat is a low-emissions diesel hybrid switcher locomotive built by Railpower Technologies Corp. It is powered by a single Caterpillar C9 six cylinder inline engine developing, which is also connected to a large battery bank where both sources combine for a total power output of.
A railway air brake is a railway brake power braking system with compressed air as the operating medium.
A coupling (or a coupler) is a mechanism for connecting rolling stock in a train.
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.
A ratchet is a mechanical device that allows continuous linear or rotary motion in only one direction while preventing motion in the opposite direction.
A rectifier is an electrical device that converts alternating current (AC), which periodically reverses direction, to direct current (DC), which flows in only one direction.
The RegioSwinger is a tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) passenger train used for fast regional traffic on unelectrified lines.
The Class 340 of Renfe (4000 under the previous numbering scheme) were a class of 4-axle diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Krauss-Maffei (and Babcock & Wilcox) for the Spanish Railways.
The RENFE Class 350 is a series of four single-cabin diesel locomotives that were delivered to Spain in 1950 for use with Talgo II coaches, being built in the USA by the American Car and Foundry company to a distinctly American external style.
The RENFE Class 352 (formerly the T-2000) was a class of twin engined four axle diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Krauss-Maffei, designed solely for passenger traffic; in particular they were responsible for towing Andalusian Talgo III trains.
The RENFE Class 353, formerly known as the T-3000 are a class of diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Krauss-Maffei for express trains in Spain.
The RENFE Class 354 was a series of eight diesel hydraulic locomotives manufactured by Krauss-Maffei in Germany specifically to pull Talgo pendular coaches which were introduced shortly before the acquisition of these machines.
Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the, the and the networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company Adif (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias—Railway Infrastructure Administration).
A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element.
A reverser handle is an operating control for a railroad locomotive that is used to determine the direction of travel.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
The Roots type blower is a positive displacement lobe pump which operates by pumping a fluid with a pair of meshing lobes not unlike a set of stretched gears.
The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, and explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, England, United Kingdom.
The Royal Saxon State Railways (Königlich Sächsische Staatseisenbahnen) were the state-owned railways operating in the Kingdom of Saxony from 1869 to 1918.
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death.
The E el-2 (Cyrillic script: Ээл2) was a Russian diesel-electric locomotive designed by Yury Lomonosov and built in Germany.
The shch-el-1 (Cyrillic script: Щэл1) was Russia's first diesel locomotive.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Shunting is an event in the neuron which occurs when an excitatory postsynaptic potential and an inhibitory postsynaptic potential are occurring close to each other on a dendrite, or are both on the soma of the cell.
Shunting, in railway operations, is the process of sorting items of rolling stock into complete trains, or the reverse.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
The Siemens Desiro is a family of diesel or electric multiple unit passenger trains developed by Siemens Mobility, a division of the German Siemens AG conglomerate.
Smog is a type of air pollutant.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.
Società Italiana Ernesto Breda, more usually referred to simply as Breda, was an Italian mechanical manufacturing company founded by Ernesto Breda in Milan in 1886.
The South African Railways Class 61-000 of 1959 was a diesel-hydraulic locomotive.
The South Tynedale Railway is a preserved, narrow gauge heritage railway in Northern England and is England's highest narrow gauge railway.
Southall Railway Centre is a railway heritage centre at Southall in west London, near to Southall railway station and the Grand Union Canal.
The Southern Pacific (or Espee from the railroad initials- SP) was an American Class I railroad network that existed from 1865 to 1998 that operated in the Western United States.
The Stadler Regio-Shuttle RS1 is the first widely used, new-generation, diesel railcar in Germany and Czech Republic for local railway services.
The stator is the stationary part of a rotary system, found in electric generators, electric motors, sirens, mud motors or biological rotors.
A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.
A streamliner is a vehicle incorporating streamlining in a shape providing reduced air resistance.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
Sulzer Ltd. is a Swiss industrial engineering and manufacturing firm, founded by Salomon Sulzer-Bernet in 1775 and established as Sulzer Brothers Ltd. (Gebrüder Sulzer) in 1834 in Winterthur, Switzerland. Today it is a publicly traded company with international subsidiaries. The company's shares are listed on the Swiss Stock Exchange. Sulzer's core strengths are flow control and applicators. The company specializes in pumping solutions and services for rotating equipment, as well as separation, mixing and application technology. Sulzer Brothers helped develop shuttleless weaving, and their core business was loom manufacture. Rudolf Diesel worked for Sulzer in 1879, and in 1893 Sulzer bought certain rights to diesel engines. Sulzer built their first diesel engine in 1898.
A switcher or shunter (Great Britain: shunter; Australia: shunter or yard pilot; United States: switcher, switch engine, or yard goat, except Pennsylvania Railroad: shifter) is a small railroad locomotive intended not for moving trains over long distances but rather for assembling trains ready for a road locomotive to take over, disassembling a train that has been brought in, and generally moving railroad cars around – a process usually known as ''switching'' (USA) or shunting (UK).
In an electric power system, switchgear is the combination of electrical disconnect switches, fuses or circuit breakers used to control, protect and isolate electrical equipment.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
TE10 (ТЭ10) is a Soviet-Ukrainian diesel-electric locomotive.
TEP80 (ТЭП80) is a Soviet diesel locomotive produced in 1988-1989. Only two locomotives of this model were built.
In thermodynamics, the thermal efficiency (\eta_ \) is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, furnace, or a refrigerator for example.
A third rail is a method of providing electric power to a railway locomotive or train, through a semi-continuous rigid conductor placed alongside or between the rails of a railway track.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by the constriction or obstruction.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
A torque converter is a type of fluid coupling which transfers rotating power from a prime mover, like an internal combustion engine, to a rotating driven load.
A traction motor is an electric motor used for propulsion of a vehicle, such as an electric locomotive or electric roadway vehicle.
As used in mechanical engineering, the term tractive force can either refer to the total traction a vehicle exerts on a surface, or the amount of the total traction that is parallel to the direction of motion.
A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
The Trans-Australian Railway crosses the Nullarbor Plain of Australia from Port Augusta in South Australia to Kalgoorlie in Western Australia.
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
Turbostar is the name given to a family of diesel multiple units (DMUs) built by Adtranz and later Bombardier Transportation at Derby Litchurch Lane Works, England.
A two-stroke (or two-cycle) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution.
The Union Pacific Railroad (or Union Pacific Railroad Company and simply Union Pacific) is a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago and New Orleans.
Unit injector (UI) is an integrated direct fuel injection system for diesel engines, combining the injector nozzle and the injection pump in a single component.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
A variable-frequency drive (VFD; also termed adjustable-frequency drive, “variable-voltage/variable-frequency (VVVF) drive”, variable speed drive, AC drive, micro drive or inverter drive) is a type of adjustable-speed drive used in electro-mechanical drive systems to control AC motor speed and torque by varying motor input frequency and voltage.
The Voith GmbH & Co.
The Voith Gravita locomotives are a new family of diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Voith Turbo Lokomotivtechnik GmbH & Co. KG..
The Vossloh G1700 BB is a four axle B′B′ medium power diesel-hydraulic locomotive manufactured by Vossloh Locomotives GmbH.
The Vossloh G 2000 BB is a four axle heavy shunting and mainline locomotive built at the former MaK plant in Kiel.
The Dv12 (Sv12 and Sr12 until 1977) is the standard Finnish medium-weight diesel-hydraulic road locomotive operated by VR.
Waggonfabrik Rastatt ('Rastatt Coach Factory') was a public limited company (Aktiengesellschaft or AG) based in Rastatt in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
Ward Leonard control, also known as the Ward Leonard drive system, was a widely used DC motor speed control system introduced by Harry Ward Leonard in 1891.
The railmotors of '''J. Weitzer''' ''Engine- & Waggon-Building & Iron Casting Joint-stock Company'' (Hu.: Weitzer János Gép,- Waggongyár és Vasöntöde Részvénytársaság) were Europe's first self-propelled railcars with internal combustion engine built in considerable numbers.
The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an American manufacturing company.
William Beardmore and Company was a Scottish engineering and shipbuilding conglomerate based in Glasgow and the surrounding Clydeside area.
William Dent Priestman, born in 1847 near Kingston upon Hull was a Quaker and engineering pioneer, inventor of the Priestman Oil Engine, and co-founder with his brother Samuel of the Priestman Brothers engineering company, manufacturers of cranes, winches and excavators.
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, (26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a Scots-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824.
The Winton Motor Carriage Company was a pioneer United States automobile manufacturer based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The 'Hanover version' of the Wismar railbus (Wismarer Schienenbus) was developed in the early 1930s as a light railbus for economical passenger services on branch lines in Germany.
Woodward, Inc. is the world's oldest and largest independent designer, manufacturer, and service provider of control systems and control system components (e.g. fuel pumps, engine controls, actuators, air valves, fuel nozzles, and electronics) for aircraft engines, industrial engines and turbines, power generation and mobile industrial equipment.
Woolwich is a district of south-east London, England, within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yakov Modestovich Gakkel (Russian: Яков Модестович Гаккель; (1874–1945) was a Russian scientist and engineer who made significant contributions to the development of aircraft and locomotives in the former Soviet Union.
Yury Vladimirovich Lomonosov (Юрий Владимирович Ломоносов; 24 April 1876 – 19 November 1952) was a Russian railway engineer and a leading figure in the development of Russian Railways in the early 20th century.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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