257 relations: Acid rain, Adolf Klose, Adolphus Busch, Advanced steam technology, Air compressor, Air pollution, ALCO boxcab, Alternator, American Locomotive Company, Ammeter, Ammunition dump, Ampere, Amtrak, Animal, Armature (electrical engineering), Association of American Railroads, Atlas Copco, Automatic transmission, Axle, B unit, Baldwin 0-6-6-0 1000, Baldwin Locomotive Works, Baltic Shipyard, Bank engine, Beardmore Tornado, Binary data, Biodiesel, Bogie, Boiler, Bombardier Talent, Bombardier Transportation, Boxcab, British Rail, British Rail 10100, British Rail Class 35, British Rail Class 42, British Rail Class D16/1, Brown, Boveri & Cie, Brush (electric), Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway, Busch-Sulzer, Cab (locomotive), Cab unit, Cable, Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway, Caterpillar Inc., Caucasus, Chicago, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, ..., Classification yard, Clutch, Cockerill Maintenance & Ingénierie, Commutator (electric), Commuter rail, Control theory, Counter-electromotive force, Cow-calf, CSR Sifang Co Ltd., DB Class V 200, DB V 160 family, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Deutsche Bahn, Deutsche Reichsbahn, Diesel engine, Diesel multiple unit, Diesel-electric transmission, Diode, Diode bridge, Direct current, Distributed power, Double-heading, Drawbar (haulage), DRG Class SVT 137, DRG Class SVT 877, Dynamic braking, Electric generator, Electric locomotive, Electric power, Electro-diesel locomotive, Electro-Motive Diesel, EMD FT, EMD GP40-2, EMD SD40-2, EMD SD70 series, England, Epicyclic gearing, Fairbanks-Morse, Feedback, Fiat Automobiles, Fire, Fireless locomotive, Fluid coupling, FS Class ALn 772, Fuel injection, Ganz Works, Gasoline, GE 44-ton switcher, GE AC4400CW, GE AC6000CW, GE Genesis, General Electric, Germany, Glossary of North American railway terms, GMD GMDH-1, GNR Class L1, Governor (device), Great Depression, Harghita County, Harry Ward Leonard, Henry Deane (engineer), Henschel & Son, Herbert Akroyd Stuart, Hermann Lemp, History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994, Hood unit, Horsepower, Hot bulb engine, Hudswell Clarke, Human, Hybrid electric vehicle, Hybrid train, Hydraulic drive system, Ingersoll Rand, Internal combustion engine, Italy, Jackshaft (locomotive), Kaufman Act, Krauss-Maffei, Krauss-Maffei ML 4000 C'C', Kursk, Level crossing, List of low-emissions locomotives, Lithuanian Railways, Locomotive, Long Island Rail Road, MaK / Vossloh G1206, MAN SE, Manhattan, Mars Light, Maschinenfabrik Esslingen, Master/slave (technology), McKeen railmotor, Metro-North Railroad, Moscow, Multiple unit, Multiple working, Multiple-unit train control, National Coal Board, New Jersey Transit Rail Operations, New York City, Nitrogen dioxide, Nitrogen oxide, Non-road engine, North America, North Sumatra, Not-To-Exceed, NOx, NZR RM class (Vulcan), Oil refinery, Opposed-piston engine, Particulates, Plant, Pollution, Port of Hull, Potentiometer, Power (physics), Power car, Priestman Brothers, Prime mover (locomotive), Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, Prototype, R101, RAF Welford, Rail transport, Rail transport in the Soviet Union, Railcar, Railpower GG20B, Railway air brake, Railway coupling, Railway electrification system, Ratchet (device), Rectifier, RegioSwinger, RENFE Class 340, RENFE Class 350, RENFE Class 352, RENFE Class 353, RENFE Class 354, Renfe Operadora, Resistor, Reverser handle, Revolutions per minute, Royal Arsenal, Royal Saxon State Railways, Rudolf Diesel, Russian locomotive class shch-el-1, Saint Petersburg, Siemens, Siemens Desiro, Smog, SNCF, Società Italiana Ernesto Breda, South African Class 61-000, South Tynedale Railway, Southall Railway Centre, Southern Pacific Transportation Company, Stadler Regio-Shuttle RS1, Stator, Steam locomotive, Streamliner, Stress (mechanics), Sulzer (manufacturer), Supercapacitor, Switcher, Switchgear, Switzerland, TEP80, Thermal efficiency, Third rail, Thomas Edison, Throttle, Torque, Torque converter, Traction motor, Tractive effort, Tractive force, Train, Trans-Australian Railway, Transmission (mechanics), Turbostar, Union Pacific Railroad, United Kingdom, United States, United States Environmental Protection Agency, University of Chicago Press, Variable-frequency drive, Voith, Voith Gravita, Vossloh G1700 BB, Vossloh G2000 BB, VR Class Dv12, Waggonfabrik Rastatt, Ward Leonard control, Weitzer railmotor, Westinghouse Electric (1886), William Beardmore and Company, William Dent Priestman, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Wismar railbus, Woodward, Inc., Woolwich, World War I, World War II, Yakov Modestovich Gakkel, Yury Lomonosov. Expand index (207 more) » « Shrink index
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it possesses elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).
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Adolf Klose (1844 - 1923) was the chief engineer of the Royal Württemberg State Railways in southern Germany from June 1885 to 1896.
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Adolphus Busch (10 July 1839 – 10 October 1913) was the German-born co-founder of Anheuser-Busch with his father-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser.
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Advanced steam technology (sometimes known as Modern Steam) reflects an approach to the technical development of the steam engine intended for a wider variety of applications than has recently been the case.
An air compressor is a device that converts power (using an electric motor, diesel or gasoline engine, etc.) into potential energy stored in pressurized air (i.e., compressed air).
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Air pollution is the introduction of particulates, biological molecules, or other harmful materials into Earth's atmosphere, causing disease, death to humans, damage to other living organisms such as food crops, or the natural or built environment.
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The ALCO boxcabs were diesel-electric switcher locomotives, otherwise known as AGEIR boxcabs as a contraction of the names of the builders.
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An alternator is an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current.
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The American Locomotive Company, often shortened to, ALCo or Alco, designed, built and sold steam locomotives, diesel-electric locomotives, diesel engines and generators, specialized forgings, high quality steel, armed tanks and automobiles and produced nuclear energy.
An ammeter is a measuring instrument used to measure the electric current in a circuit.
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An ammunition depot, ammunition supply point (ASP),ammunition handling area (AHA), ammunition dump, is a military storage facility for live ammunition and explosives.
The ampere (SI unit symbol: A), often shortened to "amp",SI supports only the use of symbols and deprecates the use of abbreviations for units.
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The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a partially government-funded American passenger railroad service.
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Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia (also called Metazoa).
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In electrical engineering, an armature generally refers to one of the two principal electrical components of an electromechanical machine — generally in a motor or generator — but it may also mean the pole piece of a permanent magnet or electromagnet, or the moving iron part of a solenoid or relay.
The Association of American Railroads (AAR) is an industry trade group representing primarily the major freight railroads of North America (Canada, Mexico and the United States).
Atlas Copco is a Swedish industrial company that was founded in 1873.
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This is about the transmission type for cars.
An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.
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A B unit, in railroad terminology, is a locomotive unit (generally a diesel locomotive) which does not have a driving cab or crew compartment, and must therefore be controlled from another, coupled locomotive with a driving cab (an A unit).
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The Baldwin 0-6-6-0 1000/1 DE is a cab unit diesel-electric locomotive built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1945.
The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives.
The Baltic Shipyard (Baltiysky Zavod, formerly Shipyard-189) (С.) is one of the oldest shipyards in Russia.
A bank engine (United Kingdom/Australia) (colloquially a banker) or helper engine or pusher engine (North America) is a railway locomotive that temporarily assists a train that requires additional power or traction to climb a gradient (or bank).
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The Beardmore Tornado was an eight-cylinder inline aircraft Diesel engine built in 1927 by William Beardmore and Company of Glasgow, Scotland, and used in the British R101 airship when petrol engines were thought unsafe in the tropics.
Binary data is data whose unit can take on only two possible states, traditionally termed 0 and +1 in accordance with the binary numeral system and Boolean algebra.
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Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil - or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
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A bogie (in some senses called a truck in American English) is a chassis or framework carrying wheels, attached to a vehicle, thus serving as a modular subassembly of wheels and axles.
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A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated.
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The Talent is a multiple unit railcar manufactured by Bombardier that was developed by Waggonfabrik Talbot in Aachen shortly before the company was acquired by Bombardier in 1995.
Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.
A boxcab, in railroad terminology, is a locomotive in which the machinery and crew areas are enclosed in a box-like superstructure (from boxcar).
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British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the operator of most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.
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British Railways 10100 was an unusual experimental diesel locomotive known informally as The Fell Diesel Locomotive (after Lt. Col. L. F. R. Fell, who was one of the designers).
The British Rail (BR) Class 35 is a class of mixed-traffic B-B diesel locomotive with hydraulic transmission.
British Railways' (BR) Type 4 Warship class diesel-hydraulic locomotives were introduced in 1958.
Brown, Boveri (BBC) was a Swiss group of electrical engineering companies.
A brush is a device which conducts current between stationary wires and moving parts, most commonly in a rotating shaft.
The Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway (BAGS) (Ferrocarril del Sud) was one of the Big Four broad gauge,, British-owned companies that built and operated railway networks in Argentina.
The Busch-Sulzer Bros.
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The cab, crew compartment or driver's compartment of a locomotive, or a self-propelled rail vehicle, is the part housing the train driver or engineer, the fireman or driver's assistant (secondman) (if any), and the controls necessary for the locomotive's, or self-propelled rail vehicle's, operation.
A cab unit and a carbody unit are body styles of locomotives in North American railroad terminology.
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An electrical cable comprises two or more wires running side by side and bonded, twisted, or braided together to form a single assembly, the ends of which can be connected to two devices, enabling the transfer of electrical signals from one device to the other.
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The Canadian National Railway Company is a Canadian Class I railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), formerly also known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I rail carrier founded in 1881 and now operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001.
Caterpillar Inc., is an American corporation which designs, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black and the Caspian seas.
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Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States.
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The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad was a railroad that operated in the Midwestern United States.
A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Indian English and Canadian English) is a railroad yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railroad cars on to one of several tracks.
A clutch is a mechanical device that engages and disengages the power transmission, especially from driving shaft to driven shaft.
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Cockerill Maintenance & Ingénierie (CMI) is a mechanical engineering group headquartered in Seraing, Belgium, producing machinery for steel plants, industrial heat recovery equipment and boiler, and shunting locomotives and military equipment (artillery guns).
A commutator is the moving part of a rotary electrical switch in certain types of electric motors and electrical generators that periodically reverses the current direction between the rotor and the external circuit.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre, and the middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters — people who travel on a daily basis.
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Control theory is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and mathematics that deals with the behavior of dynamical systems with inputs, and how their behavior is modified by feedback.
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The counter-electromotive force (abbreviated counter EMF, or CEMF),Graf, "counterelectromotive force", Dictionary of Electronics also known as the back electromotive force, is the voltage, or electromotive force, that pushes against the current which induces it.
In North American railroading, a cow-calf (also cow and calf) locomotive is a set of switcher-type diesel locomotives.
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CSR Sifang Co Ltd. (CSR Qingdao Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd.) formerly known as CSR Sifang Locomotive & Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. (renamed 29 December 2008) p.10 is a Chinese rolling stock manufacturer based in Qingdao, Shandong province.
DB Class V 200.0 (from 1968: Class 220) was the first series production diesel-hydraulic express locomotive of the German Deutsche Bundesbahn and - as Am 4/4 - of the SBB-CFF-FFS in Switzerland.
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The DB V 160 locomotive family comprises several classes of closely related 4 axle diesel-hydraulic locomotives built in the 1960s and 1970s for the Deutsche Bundesbahn which take the moniker from the earliest built model: the 'DB Class V 160'.
The Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad, often shortened to Rio Grande or D&RGW, formerly the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, was an American Class I railroad company.
Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.
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The Deutsche Reichsbahn, also known as the German Reich Railway or the German Imperial Railway, was the name of the German national railway created from the railways of the individual states of the German Empire following the end of World War I. The company was founded in 1920 as the Deutsche Reichseisenbahnen when the Weimar Republic, formally known as Deutsches Reich (German Reich, hence the usage of the Reich in the name of the railway), took national control of the German railways, which had previously been run by the German states.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or 'CI' engine) is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel that has been injected into the combustion chamber is initiated by the high temperature which a gas achieves when greatly compressed (adiabatic compression).
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A diesel multiple unit or DMU is a multiple-unit train powered by on-board diesel engines.
Diesel-electric transmission, or diesel-electric powertrain is used by a number of vehicle and ship types for providing locomotion.
In electronics, a diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance); it has low (ideally zero) resistance to the flow of current in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other.
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A diode bridge is an arrangement of four (or more) diodes in a bridge circuit configuration that provides the same polarity of output for either polarity of input.
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Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.
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In rail transport, distributed power (DP) refers to the physical distribution—at intermediate points throughout the length of a train—of separate motive power groups.
In railroad terminology, double-heading or double heading indicates the use of two locomotives at the front of a train, each operated individually by its own crew.
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A drawbar is a solid coupling between a hauling vehicle and its hauled load.
The DRG Class SVT 137 was a class of streamlined diesel train sets of the Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft and later of the Deutsche Bundesbahn (as class VT 04) and the Deutsche Reichsbahn.
The DRG Class SVT 877 Hamburg Flyer – sometimes also Flying Hamburger or in German Fliegender Hamburger – was Germany's first fast diesel train, and is credited with establishing the fastest regular railway connection in the world in its time.
Dynamic braking is the use of the electric traction motors of a vehicle as generators when slowing.
In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy for use in an external circuit.
An electric locomotive is a locomotive powered by electricity from overhead lines, a third rail or on-board energy storage such as a battery or fuel cell.
Electric power is the rate at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.
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An electro-diesel locomotive (also referred to as dual-mode locomotive) is powered either from an electricity supply (like an electric locomotive) or by using the onboard diesel engine (like a diesel-electric locomotive).
Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc., also referred to as "EMD", is owned by Caterpillar through its wholly owned subsidiary Progress Rail Services Corporation.
The EMD FT was a diesel-electric locomotive produced between November 1939 and November 1945, by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division (the "F" stood for 1400 horsepower (rounded from 1350) and the "T" for twin, as it came standard in a two-unit set).
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The EMD GP40-2 is a 4-axle diesel road switcher locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division as part of its Dash 2 line between April 1972 and December 1986.
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The EMD SD40-2 is a C-C diesel-electric locomotive built by EMD from 1972 to 1989.
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The EMD SD70 is a series of diesel-electric locomotives produced by Electro-Motive Diesel in response to the GE Dash 9-44CW.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
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An epicyclic gear train consists of two gears mounted so that the center of one gear revolves around the center of the other.
Fairbanks Morse and Company was an American manufacturing company in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Feedback occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop.
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FIAT (Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino) is an Italian automaker which produces Fiat branded cars, and is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles through its subsidiary FCA Italy S.p.A.., the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy.
Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.
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A fireless locomotive is a type of locomotive which uses reciprocating engines powered from a reservoir of compressed air or steam, which is filled at intervals from an external source.
A fluid coupling or hydraulic coupling is a hydrodynamic device used to transmit rotating mechanical power.
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The ALn 772 (Automotrice Leggera a nafta, Light Diesel motor car) series are a group of Diesel railcars built for the Italian public railway company Ferrovie dello Stato (FS) between the 1930s and the 1950s.
Fuel injection is a system for admitting fuel into an internal combustion engine.
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The Ganz (Ganz vállalatok, "Ganz companies") electric works in Budapest is probably best known for the manufacture of tramcars, but was also a pioneer in the application of three-phase alternating current to electric railways.
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Gasoline, also known as petrol outside of North America, is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal combustion engines.
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The GE 44-ton switcher is a 4-axle diesel-electric locomotive built by General Electric between 1940 and 1956.
The GE AC4400CW is a diesel-electric locomotive that was built by GE Transportation Systems between 1993 and 2004.
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The AC6000CW is a diesel electric locomotive built by GE Transportation.
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General Electric Genesis (officially trademarked GENESIS) is a series of passenger locomotives produced by GE Transportation Systems, a subsidiary of General Electric.
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General Electric (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in New York.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe.
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This page contains a list of terms, jargon, and slang used to varying degrees by railfans and railroad employees in the United States and Canada.
The GMD GMDH-1 was an experimental diesel-hydraulic switching locomotive built by General Motors Diesel of Canada.
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The Great Northern Railway (GNR) Class L1 (LNER Class R1) was a 0-8-2T side tank steam locomotive designed by Henry Ivatt.
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A governor, or speed limiter, is a device used to measure and regulate the speed of a machine, such as an engine.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the 1930s.
Harghita (Hargita megye, Hungarian pronunciation) is a county (județ) in the center of Romania, in eastern Transylvania, with the county seat at Miercurea Ciuc.
Harry Ward Leonard (February 8, 1861 – February 18, 1915) was an electrical engineer and inventor.
Henry Deane (26 March 1847 – 12 March 1924) was an Australian engineer, responsible for electrifying the Sydney tramway system and for building the Wolgan Valley Railway and Trans-Australian Railway.
Henschel & Son (Henschel und Sohn) was a German company, located in Kassel, best known during the 20th century as a maker of transportation equipment, including locomotives, trucks, buses and trolleybuses, and armoured fighting vehicles and weapons.
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Herbert Akroyd-Stuart (28 January 1864, Halifax, Yorkshire, England - 19 February 1927, Halifax) was an English inventor who is noted for his invention of the hot bulb engine, or heavy oil engine.
Hermann Lemp born: Heinrich Joseph Hermann Lemp (August 8, 1862 – March 31, 1954) was a Swiss-American electrical engineer; he is credited as the inventor of the modern system of diesel electric traction co-ordination and control.
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The history of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994 covers the period when the British railway system was nationalised under the name of British Rail (initially known as British Railways), until its eventual privatisation in 1994.
A hood unit, in North American railroad terminology, is a body style for diesel and electric locomotives.
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Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
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The hot bulb engine, or hotbulb or heavy oil engine is a type of internal combustion engine.
Hudswell, Clarke and Company Limited was an engineering and locomotive building company in Jack Lane, Hunslet, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens) are the only extant members of the hominin clade (or human clade), a branch of the great apes; they are characterized by erect posture and bipedal locomotion, manual dexterity and increased tool use, and a general trend toward larger, more complex brains and societies.
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A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) propulsion system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).
A hybrid train is a locomotive, railcar or train that uses an onboard rechargeable energy storage system (RESS), placed between the power source (often a diesel engine prime mover) and the traction transmission system connected to the wheels.
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A hydraulic drive system is a drive or transmission system that uses pressurized hydraulic fluid to power hydraulic machinery.
Ingersoll-Rand Inc. is an Irish global diversified industrial company formed in 1905 by the merger of Ingersoll-Sergeant Drill Company and Rand Drill Company, rival companies that had each been founded in 1871.
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An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
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A jackshaft is an intermediate shaft used to transfer power from a powered shaft such as the output shaft of an engine or motor to driven shafts such as the drive axles of a locomotive.
The Kaufman Electrification Act of 1923, enacted by the New York State Assembly, mandated electrification of all railroads in New York City by January 1, 1926.
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Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co.
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The Krauss-Maffei ML 4000 C′C′ is a diesel-hydraulic locomotive, built between 1961 and 1969 by German manufacturer Krauss-Maffei in Munich, Germany.
Kursk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Kursk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Kur, Tuskar, and Seym Rivers.
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A level crossing (UK and Commonwealth), Railway Crossing (Canada and Australia) or Railroad or Grade Crossing (U.S.A.) is an intersection where a railway line crosses a road or path at the same level, as opposed to the railway line crossing over or under using a bridge or tunnel.
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The following is a list of diesel-electric locomotives that meet or exceed EPA Tier 2 locomotive emissions regulations, sorted by builder.
Lithuanian Railways (Lietuvos Geležinkeliai) is the national, state-owned railway company of Lithuania.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
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The Long Island Rail Road, legally known as the Long Island Rail Road Company and often abbreviated as the LIRR, is a commuter rail system in southeastern New York, stretching from Manhattan to the eastern tip of Suffolk County on Long Island.
The Vossloh G1206 is a B'B' diesel hydraulic freight locomotive built in Kiel and used by several European railway operators including a SNCF specific variant the BB 461000 series.
MAN SE (abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg, or), formerly MAN AG, is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group.
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Manhattan is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City.
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Mars Lights are signal-safety lights used in the United States and built by Mars Signal Light Company for railroad locomotives and fire apparatus.
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Maschinenfabrik Esslingen (ME), was a German engineering firm that manufactured locomotives, tramways, railway wagons, roll-blocks, technical equipment for the railways, (turntables and traversers), bridges, steel structures, pumps and boilers.
Master/slave is a model of communication where one device or process has unidirectional control over one or more other devices.
The McKeen Railmotor was a 6-cylinder self-propelled railcar.
The Metro-North Commuter Railroad, trading as MTA Metro-North Railroad or simply Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service run by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), a public authority of the state of New York.
Moscow (or; a) is the capital and the largest city of Russia with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area.
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Multiple units (MU) are self-propelled train carriages capable of coupling with other units of the same or similar type and still being controlled from one driving cab.
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Multiple working is a term used on the UK rail network to describe the practice of having more than one diesel or electric locomotive hauling a train under the control of one driver.
Multiple-unit train control, sometimes abbreviated to multiple-unit or MU, is a method of simultaneously controlling all the traction equipment in a train from a single location, whether it is a Multiple unit comprising a number of self-powered passenger cars or a set of locomotives.
The National Coal Board (NCB) was the statutory corporation created to run the nationalised coal mining industry in the United Kingdom.
New Jersey Transit Rail Operations is the rail division of New Jersey Transit.
New York – often called New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the State of New York, of which it is a part – is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York metropolitan area, the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
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Nitrogen dioxide is the chemical compound with the formula.
Nitrogen oxide may refer to a binary compound of oxygen and nitrogen, or a mixture of such compounds.
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Non-road engine (which may include non-road equipment and non-road vehicle) is an internal combustion engine or a gas turbine engine used for other purposes than being an engine of a vehicle operated on public roadways.
North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.
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North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
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The Not-To-Exceed (NTE) standard promulgated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ensures that heavy-duty engine emissions are controlled over the full range of speed and load combinations commonly experienced in use.
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NOx is a generic term for the mono-nitrogen oxides NO and NO2 (nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide).
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The NZR RM class Vulcan railcars were operated by the New Zealand Government Railways (NZR) in the South Island of New Zealand.
An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas.
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An opposed-piston engine is a reciprocating internal combustion engine in which each cylinder has a piston at both ends, and no cylinder head.
Atmospheric particulate matter – also known as particulate matter (PM) or particulates – is microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in the Earth's atmosphere.
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Plants, also called green plants, are multicellular eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
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Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
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The Port of Hull is a trading port located at the confluence of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary in the city of Kingston upon Hull in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
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A potentiometer, informally a pot, is a three-terminal resistor with a sliding or rotating contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider.
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In physics, power is the rate of doing work.
In rail transport, the expression power car may refer to either of two distinct types of rail vehicle.
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Priestman Brothers was an engineering company based in Kingston upon Hull, England that manufactured diggers, dredgers, cranes and other industrial machinery.
In engineering, a prime mover is an engine that converts fuel to useful work.
The Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
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R101 was one of a pair of British rigid airships completed in 1929 as part of a British government programme to develop civil airships capable of service on long-distance routes within the British Empire.
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Royal Air Force Welford or more simply RAF Welford is an active Royal Air Force station in Berkshire, England.
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Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails.
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The Soviet Union was heavily dependent on rail transport, not least during the Russian Civil War and the World War II, but also for industrialization according to the five-year plans.
A railcar, in British English and Australian English, is a self-propelled railway vehicle designed to transport passengers.
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The Railpower GG20B Green Goat is a low-emissions diesel hybrid switcher locomotive built by Railpower Technologies Corp. It is powered by a single Caterpillar C9 six cylinder inline engine developing, which is also connected to a large battery bank where both sources combine for a total power output of.
A railway air brake is a railway brake power braking system with compressed air as the operating medium.
A coupling (or a coupler) is a mechanism for connecting rolling stock in a train.
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply.
A ratchet is a mechanical device that allows continuous linear or rotary motion in only one direction while preventing motion in the opposite direction.
A rectifier is an electrical device that converts alternating current (AC), which periodically reverses direction, to direct current (DC), which flows in only one direction.
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The RegioSwinger is a tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) passenger train used for fast regional traffic on unelectrified lines.
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The Class 340 of Renfe (4000 under the previous numbering scheme) were a class of 4 axle diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Krauss-Maffei (and Babcock & Wilcox) for the Spanish Railways.
The RENFE Class 350 is a series of four single-cabin diesel locomotives that were delivered to Spain in 1950 for use with Talgo II coaches, being built in the USA by the American Car and Foundry company to a distinctly American external style.
The RENFE Class 352 (formerly the T-2000) was a class of twin engined four axle diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Krauss-Maffei, designed solely for passenger traffic; in particular they were responsible for towing andalusian Talgo III trains.
The RENFE Class 353, formerly known as the T-3000 are a class of diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Krauss-Maffei for express trains in Spain.
The RENFE Class 354 was a series of eight diesel hydraulic locomotives manufactured by Krauss-Maffei in Germany specifically to pull Talgo pendular coaches which were introduced shortly before the acquisition of these machines.
Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the 1668-mm "Iberian gauge", 1435-mm "European gauge" and 1000-mm "Metre Gauge" networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company ADIF (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias—Railway Infrastructure Administration).
A resistor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element.
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A reverser handle is an operating control for a railroad locomotive that is used to determine the direction of travel.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is a measure of the frequency of rotation, specifically the number of rotations around a fixed axis in one minute.
The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, and explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, England.
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The Royal Saxon State Railways (Königlich Sächsische Staatseisenbahnen) were the state-owned railways operating in the Kingdom of Saxony from 1869 to 1918.
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (18 March 185829 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine and his mysterious death.
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The shch-el-1 (Cyrillic script: Щэл1) was Russia's first diesel locomotive.
Saint Petersburg (p) is the second largest city in Russia, politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city).
Siemens AG is a German multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich.
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The Siemens Desiro is a family of diesel or electric multiple unit passenger trains developed by Siemens Mobility, a division of the German Siemens AG conglomerate.
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Smog is a type of air pollutant.
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SNCF (Société nationale des chemins de fer français; "National society of French railways" or "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company and manages the rail traffic in France and the Principality of Monaco.
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Società Italiana Ernesto Breda, more usually referred to simply as Breda, was an Italian mechanical manufacturing company founded by Ernesto Breda in Milan in 1886.
The South African Railways Class 61-000 of 1959 is a diesel-hydraulic locomotive from the South African Railways era.
The South Tynedale Railway is a preserved, narrow gauge heritage railway in Northern England and is England's highest narrow gauge railway.
Southall Railway Centre is a railway heritage centre at Southall in west London, near to Southall railway station and the Grand Union Canal.
The Southern Pacific Transportation Company, earlier Southern Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Company, and usually called the Southern Pacific or (from the railroad's initials) Espee, was an American Class I railroad.
The Stadler Regio-Shuttle RS1 is the first widely used, new-generation, diesel railcar in Germany and Czech Republic for local railway services.
The stator is the stationary part of a rotary system, found in electric generators, electric motors, sirens, or biological rotors.
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A steam locomotive is a railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine.
A streamliner is a vehicle incorporating streamlining in a shape providing reduced air resistance.
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In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
Sulzer Ltd. is a Swiss industrial engineering and manufacturing firm, founded by Salomon Sulzer-Bernet in 1775 and established as Sulzer Brothers Ltd.
A supercapacitor (SC) (sometimes ultracapacitor, formerly electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC)) is a high-capacity electrochemical capacitor with capacitance values greater than 1,000 farads at 1.2 volt that bridge the gap between electrolytic capacitors and rechargeable batteries.
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A switcher or shunter (Great Britain: shunter; Australia: shunter or yard pilot; USA: switcher or switch engine, except Pennsylvania Railroad: shifter) is a small railroad locomotive intended not for moving trains over long distances but rather for assembling trains ready for a road locomotive to take over, disassembling a train that has been brought in, and generally moving railroad cars around – a process usually known as ''switching'' (USA) or shunting (UK).
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In an electric power system, switchgear is the combination of electrical disconnect switches, fuses or circuit breakers used to control, protect and isolate electrical equipment.
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Switzerland (Schweiz;Swiss Standard German spelling and pronunciation. The Swiss German name is sometimes spelled as Schwyz or Schwiiz. Schwyz is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons. Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra or),The latter is the common Sursilvan pronunciation.
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TEP80 (ТЭП80) is a Soviet diesel locomotive produced in 1988-1989.
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In thermodynamics, the thermal efficiency (\eta_ \) is a dimensionless performance measure of a device that uses thermal energy, such as an internal combustion engine, a steam turbine or a steam engine, a boiler, a furnace, or a refrigerator for example.
A third rail is a method of providing electric power to a railway train, through a semi-continuous rigid conductor placed alongside or between the rails of a railway track.
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Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman.
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A throttle is the mechanism by which fluid flow is managed by constriction or obstruction.
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Torque, moment, or moment of force (see the terminology below) is the tendency of a force to rotate an object about an axis, fulcrum, or pivot.
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In modern usage, a torque converter is generally a type of fluid coupling (but also being able to multiply torque) that is used to transfer rotating power from a prime mover, such as an internal combustion engine or electric motor, to a rotating driven load.
A traction motor is an electric motor used for propulsion of a vehicle, such as an electric locomotive or electric roadway vehicle.
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Tractive effort is the force generated by a vehicle's engine or motor in order to generate motion through tractive force.
As used in mechanical engineering, the term tractive force can either refer to the total traction a vehicle exerts on a surface, or the amount of the total traction that is parallel to the direction of motion.
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A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of vehicles that usually runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
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The Trans-Australian Railway crosses the Nullarbor Plain of Australia from Port Augusta in South Australia to Kalgoorlie in Western Australia.
A transmission is a machine that consists of a power source and a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
Turbostar is the name given to a family of diesel multiple units (DMUs) built by Bombardier Transportation (previously ADtranz) at their Litchurch Lane Works in Derby, England.
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The Union Pacific Railroad is a Class I line haul freight railroad that operates nearly 9,000 locomotives over 32,000 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago, Illinois and New Orleans, Louisiana.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.
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The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes USEPA) is an agency of the U.S. federal government which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
A variable-frequency drive (VFD) (also termed adjustable-frequency drive, variable-speed drive, AC drive, micro drive or inverter drive) is a type of adjustable-speed drive used in electro-mechanical drive systems to control AC motor speed and torque by varying motor input frequency and voltage.
Not to be confused with the US based Voit Sporting Goods Company The Voith GmbH, which is headquartered in Germany, is a family-run multinational corporation in the mechanical engineering sector with worldwide operations.
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The Voith Gravita locomotives are a new family of diesel-hydraulic locomotives built by Voith Turbo Lokomotivtechnik GmbH & Co. KG..
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The Vossloh G1700 BB is a four axle B′B′ medium power diesel-hydraulic locomotive manufactured by Vossloh Locomotives GmbH.
The Vossloh G 2000 BB is a four axle heavy shunting and mainline locomotive built at the former MaK plant in Kiel.
The Dv12 (Sv12 and Sr12 until 1977) is the standard Finnish medium-weight diesel-hydraulic road locomotive operated by VR.
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Waggonfabrik Rastatt ('Rastatt Coach Factory') was a public limited company (Aktiengesellschaft or AG) based in Rastatt in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
Ward Leonard Control, also known as the Ward Leonard Drive System, was a widely used DC motor speed control system introduced by Harry Ward Leonard in 1891.
The railmotors of '''J. Weitzer''' ''Engine- & Waggon-Building & Iron Casting Joint-stock Company'' (Hu.: Weitzer János Gép,- Waggongyár és Vasöntöde Részvénytársaság) were Europe's first self-propelled railcars with internal combustion engine built in considerable numbers.
The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an American manufacturing company.
William Beardmore and Company was a Scottish engineering and shipbuilding conglomerate based in Glasgow and the surrounding Clydeside area.
William Dent Priestman, born in 1847 near Kingston upon Hull was a Quaker and engineering pioneer, inventor of the Priestman Oil Engine, and co-founder with his brother Samuel of the Priestman Brothers engineering company, manufacturers of cranes, winches and excavators.
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (26 June 1824 – 17 December 1907) was a British mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824.
The 'Hanover version' of the Wismar railbus (Wismarer Schienenbus) was developed in the early 1930s as a light railbus for economical passenger services on branch lines in Germany.
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Woodward, Inc. is the world's oldest and largest independent designer, manufacturer, and service provider of control systems and control system components (e.g. fuel pumps, engine controls, actuators, air valves, fuel nozzles, and electronics) for aircraft engines, industrial engines and turbines, power generation and mobile industrial equipment.
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Woolwich is an area of south east London within the Royal Borough of Greenwich.
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World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Yakov Modestovich Gakkel (рус. Яков Модестович Гаккель; 1874 – 12 December 1945) was a Russian and Soviet scientist.
Yury Vladimirovich Lomonosov (Юрий Владимирович Ломоносов 24 April 1876 – 19 November 1952) was a Russian railway engineer and a leading figure in the development of Russian Railways in the early 20th century.
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Diesel (rail), Diesel Locomotive, Diesel Locomotives, Diesel Traction, Diesel electric locomotive, Diesel locomotives, Diesel train, Diesel trains, Diesel-electric locomotive, Diesel-electric train, Diesel-hydraulic, Diesel-hydraulic locomotive, Diesel-hydraulic transmission, Diesel-mechanical, Diesel-mechanical locomotive, Diesel-pneumatic locomotive.