139 relations: Alan Eustace, Alan Kotok, AlphaServer, AltaVista, American National Standards Institute, ANSI escape code, ASCII, Brian Reid (computer scientist), Butler Lampson, C (programming language), Cambridge, Massachusetts, Classful network, Collaborative software, Command-line interface, Compaq, Compaq Contura, Compatible Time-Sharing System, Computer cluster, Computer industry, Computer terminal, Connect (users group), CP/M, Credit union, Daniel W. Dobberpuhl, Data General, Dave Cutler, DEC Alpha, DEC Systems Research Center, DECnet, DECserver, DECUS, DIGITAL Command Language, Digital Equipment Corporation, Digital Federal Credit Union, Digital Linear Tape, Dot matrix printer, Edson de Castro, Encompass, Epic Systems, Ethernet, Gentoo Linux, GNU Project, Gordon Bell, Harlan Anderson, Health informatics, Henri Gouraud (computer scientist), Hewlett-Packard, HP-Interex, Hudson, Massachusetts, HyperACCESS, ..., IBM, IBM Notes, IBM System/370, Ike Nassi, Instruction set architecture, Intel, IP address, IPAQ, ISO/IEC 8859, ISO/IEC 8859-1, Itsy Pocket Computer, Jim Gettys, Jim Gray (computer scientist), Jim Keller (engineer), Job Control Language, Ken Olsen, Len Kawell, Leonard Bosack, Leslie Lamport, Linus Torvalds, Linux, Linux distribution, List of assigned /8 IPv4 address blocks, Local Area Transport, Lotus Software, Louis Monier, Luca Cardelli, Lycos, Mainframe computer, Marcus J. Ranum, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Maynard, Massachusetts, Meditech, Michael Burrows, Microcomputer, Microsoft, Microsoft Research, MicroVAX, Minicomputer, MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Multinational Character Set, MUMPS, OpenVMS, Operating system, OS/8, Palo Alto, California, Paris, Paul Vixie, PDP-11, PDP-8, Peripheral, Personal digital assistant, Personal Jukebox, Programmed Data Processor, Project Athena, PuTTY, Radia Perlman, Red Hat, Reduced instruction set computer, RSTS/E, RSX-11, RT-11, Search engine (computing), Software repository, Standard RAID levels, StrongARM, Superminicomputer, Teletype Corporation, Terminal server, Time-sharing, TOPS-10, TOPS-20, Trademark, Unibus, Unicode, UNIVAC, Unix, Users' group, VAX, VT100, VT220, Windows NT, Workstation, World Wide Web, X Window System, Xerox, Xterm, 32-bit, 64-bit computing. Expand index (89 more) » « Shrink index
Robert Alan Eustace is an American computer scientist who served as Senior Vice President of Knowledge at Google.
Alan Kotok (November 9, 1941 – May 26, 2006) was an American computer scientist known for his work at Digital Equipment Corporation (Digital, or DEC) and at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
AlphaServer was the name given to a series of server computers, produced from 1994 onwards by Digital Equipment Corporation, and later by Compaq and HP.
AltaVista was a Web search engine established in 1996.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.
ANSI escape sequences are a standard for in-band signaling to control the cursor location, color, and other options on video text terminals.
ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.
Brian Keith Reid (born 1949) is an American computer scientist.
Butler W. Lampson (born December 23, 1943) is an American computer scientist best known for his contributions to the development and implementation of distributed personal computing.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area.
A classful network is a network addressing architecture used in the Internet from 1981 until the introduction of Classless Inter-Domain Routing in 1993.
Collaborative software or groupware is application software designed to help people involved in a common task to achieve their goals.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.
The Compaq Contura was a line of notebook computers produced by Compaq Computer Corporation.
The Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), was one of the first time-sharing operating systems; it was developed at the MIT Computation Center.
A computer cluster is a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.
The computer or information technology, or IT industry is the range of businesses involved in designing computer hardware and computer networking infrastructures, developing computer software, manufacturing computer components, and providing information technology (IT) services.
A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying or printing data from, a computer or a computing system.
Connect, a 501(c)(6) non-profit association, is the largest independent enterprise business technology community for Hewlett Packard Enterprise.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, controlled by its members and operated on the principle of people helping people, providing its members credit at competitive rates as well as other financial services.
Daniel "Dan" W. Dobberpuhl (born 1945) is an electrical engineer in the United States who led several teams of microprocessor designers.
Data General was one of the first minicomputer firms from the late 1960s.
David Neil "Dave" Cutler Sr. (born March 13, 1942) is an American software engineer, a designer, and a developer of several operating systems in the computer industry.
Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.
The Systems Research Center (SRC) was a research laboratory created by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1984, in Palo Alto, California.
DECnet is a suite of network protocols created by Digital Equipment Corporation.
In computer networking, DECserver initially referred to a highly successful family of asynchronous console server / terminal server / print server products introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) and later referred to a class of UNIX-variant application and file server products based upon the MIPS processor.
The Digital Equipment Computer Users' Society (DECUS) was an independent computer user group related to Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
DIGITAL Command Language (DCL) is the standard command language adopted by most of the operating systems (OSs) that were sold by the former Digital Equipment Corporation (which was acquired by Compaq, which was in turn acquired by Hewlett-Packard).
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Digital Federal Credit Union (DCU) is a credit union based in Marlborough, Massachusetts.
Digital Linear Tape (DLT; previously called CompacTape) is a magnetic tape data storage technology developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1984 onwards.
A dot matrix printer is an impact printer that prints using a fixed number of pins or wires.
Edson de Castro (born 1938) is a computer engineer perhaps best known for designing the Data General Nova series of computers.
Encompass, the Enterprise Computing Association, was the original computer user group for business customers of Hewlett-Packard.
Epic Systems Corporation, or Epic, is a privately held healthcare software company.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
Gentoo Linux (pronounced) is a Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system.
The GNU Project is a free-software, mass-collaboration project, first announced on September 27, 1983 by Richard Stallman at MIT.
Harlan Anderson (born 1929) is an American engineer and entrepreneur, best known as the co-founder of Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), which at one time was the second largest computer company in the world.
Health informatics (also called health care informatics, healthcare informatics, medical informatics, nursing informatics, clinical informatics, or biomedical informatics) is information engineering applied to the field of health care, essentially the management and use of patient healthcare information.
Henri Gouraud (born 1944) is a French computer scientist.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Interex EMEA was the EMEA HP Users Organisation, representing the user community of Hewlett-Packard computers.
Hudson is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, with a total population of 19,063 as of the 2010 census.
HyperACCESS is a family of terminal emulation software by Hilgraeve.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM Notes (formerly Lotus Notes; see branding, below) and IBM Domino (formerly Lotus Domino) are the client and server, respectively, of a collaborative client-server software platform sold by IBM.
The IBM System/370 (S/370) was a model range of IBM mainframe computers announced on June 30, 1970 as the successors to the System/360 family.
Isaac Robert "Ike" Nassi, born 1949 in Brooklyn, New York, is currently CEO at TidalScale, Inc.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.
The iPAQ was a Pocket PC and personal digital assistant first unveiled by Compaq in April 2000; the name was borrowed from Compaq's earlier iPAQ Desktop Personal Computers.
ISO/IEC 8859 is a joint ISO and IEC series of standards for 8-bit character encodings.
ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 1: Latin alphabet No.
The Itsy Pocket Computer is a small, low-power, handheld device with a highly flexible interface.
Jim Gettys (born 15 October 1953) is an American computer programmer.
James Nicholas Gray (19442007) was an American computer scientist who received the Turing Award in 1998 "for seminal contributions to database and transaction processing research and technical leadership in system implementation".
Jim Keller is a microprocessor engineer best known for his work at AMD and Apple.
Job Control Language (JCL) is a name for scripting languages used on IBM mainframe operating systems to instruct the system on how to run a batch job or start a subsystem.
Kenneth Harry "Ken" Olsen (February 20, 1926 – February 6, 2011) was an American engineer who co-founded Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1957 with colleague Harlan Anderson and his brother Stan Olsen.
Len Kawell is an engineer and entrepreneur who once worked at Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), where he was one of the designers of the VAX/VMS operating system.
Leonard X. Bosack (born 1952) along with his former wife Sandy Lerner, is a co-founder of Cisco Systems, an American-based multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer electronics, networking and communications technology and services.
Leslie B. Lamport (born February 7, 1941) is an American computer scientist.
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating systems, Android, and Chrome OS.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.
Some large /8 blocks of IPv4 addresses, the former Class A network blocks, are assigned in whole to single organizations or related groups of organizations, either by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), through the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), or a regional Internet registry.
Local Area Transport (LAT) is a non-routable (Data Link Layer) networking technology developed by Digital Equipment Corporation to provide connection between the DECserver 90, 100, 200, 300, 500, 700 and DECserver 900 terminal servers and Digital's VAX and Alpha and MIPS host computers via Ethernet, giving communication between those hosts and serial devices such as video terminals and printers.
Lotus Software (called Lotus Development Corporation before its acquisition by IBM) was an American software company based in Massachusetts.
Louis Monier (born March 21, 1956) was a founder of the Internet search engine AltaVista.
Luca Andrea Cardelli FRS is an Italian computer scientist who is an Assistant Director at Microsoft Research in Cambridge, UK.
Lycos, Inc., is a web search engine and web portal established in 1995, spun out of Carnegie Mellon University.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
Marcus J. Ranum (born November 5, 1962 in New York City, New York, United States) is a computer and network security researcher.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Maynard is a small suburban town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
Medical Information Technology, Incorporated (stylized as MEDITECH), is a Massachusetts-based software and service company selling information systems for health care organizations.
Michael Burrows, FRS (born 1963) is a British computer scientist and the creator of the Burrows–Wheeler transform currently working for Google.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Research is the research subsidiary of Microsoft.
The MicroVAX was a family of low-cost minicomputers developed and manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.
MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) is a research institute at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology formed by the 2003 merger of the Laboratory for Computer Science and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
The Multinational Character Set (DMCS or MCS) is a character encoding created in 1983 by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) for use in the popular VT220 terminal.
MUMPS (Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System), or M, is a general-purpose computer programming language that provides ACID (Atomic, Consistent, Isolated, and Durable) transaction processing.
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
OS/8 was the primary operating system used on the Digital Equipment Corporation's PDP-8 minicomputer.
Palo Alto is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Paul Vixie is an American computer scientist whose technical contributions include Domain Name System (DNS) protocol design and procedure, mechanisms to achieve operational robustness of DNS implementations, and significant contributions to open source software principles and methodology.
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.
The PDP-8 was a 12-bit minicomputer produced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
A peripheral device is "an ancillary device used to put information into and get information out of the computer." Three categories of peripheral devices exist based on their relationship with the computer.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
The Personal Jukebox (also known as PJB-100 or Music Compressor) was the first commercially sold hard disk digital audio player.
Programmed Data Processor (PDP), referred to by some customers, media and authors as "Programmable Data Processor, is a term used by the Digital Equipment Corporation from 1957 to 1990 for several lines of minicomputers.
Project Athena was a joint project of MIT, Digital Equipment Corporation, and IBM to produce a campus-wide distributed computing environment for educational use.
PuTTY is a free and open-source terminal emulator, serial console and network file transfer application.
Radia Joy Perlman (born 1951) is an American computer programmer and network engineer.
Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company providing open-source software products to the enterprise community.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
RSTS is a multi-user time-sharing operating system, initially developed by Evans, Griffiths, & Hart of Boston, and acquired by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC, now part of Hewlett Packard) for the PDP-11 series of 16-bit minicomputers.
RSX-11 is a discontinued family of multi-user real-time operating systems for PDP-11 computers created by Digital Equipment Corporation.
RT-11 ("RT" for real-time) is a discontinued small, single-user real-time operating system for the Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11 family of 16-bit computers.
A search engine is an information retrieval system designed to help find information stored on a computer system.
A software repository, colloquially known as a "repo" for short, is a storage location from which software packages may be retrieved and installed on a computer.
In computer storage, the standard RAID levels comprise a basic set of RAID (redundant array of independent disks) configurations that employ the techniques of striping, mirroring, or parity to create large reliable data stores from multiple general-purpose computer hard disk drives (HDDs).
The StrongARM is a family of computer microprocessors developed by Digital Equipment Corporation and manufactured in the late 1990s which implemented the ARM v4 instruction set architecture.
A superminicomputer, or supermini, was “a minicomputer with high performance compared to ordinary minicomputers.” The term was an invention used from the mid-1970s mainly to distinguish the emerging 32-bit minis from the classical 16-bit minicomputers.
The Teletype Corporation, a part of American Telephone and Telegraph Company's Western Electric manufacturing arm since 1930, came into being in 1928 when the Morkrum-Kleinschmidt Company changed its name to the name of its trademark equipment.
A terminal server enables organizations to connect devices with an RS-232, RS-422 or RS-485 serial interface to a local area network (LAN).
In computing, time-sharing is the sharing of a computing resource among many users by means of multiprogramming and multi-tasking at the same time.
The TOPS-10 System (Timesharing / Total Operating System-10) was a computer operating system from Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) for the PDP-10 (or DECsystem-10) mainframe computer launched in 1967.
The TOPS-20 operating system by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) was a proprietary OS used on some of DEC's 36-bit mainframe computers.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
The Unibus was the earliest of several computer bus and backplane designs used with PDP-11 and early VAX systems manufactured by the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) of Maynard, Massachusetts.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer) is a line of electronic digital stored-program computers starting with the products of the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A users' group (also user's group or user group) is a type of club focused on the use of a particular technology, usually (but not always) computer-related.
VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.
The VT100 is a video terminal, introduced in August 1978 by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
The VT220 is an ANSI standard computer terminal introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1983.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
In computing, xterm is the standard terminal emulator for the X Window System.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
DEC (company), DEC (computer company), DIGITAL (company), Digital (company), Digital Corporation, Digital Equipment, Digital Equipment Company, Digital Equipment Corp., Digital Press, The Digital Equipment Corporation, VAX Notes, Vaxnotes.