128 relations: Agder, Akershus, AM broadcasting, Analog signal, Østfold, Band III, BBC, BBC iPlayer, BBC Radio 3, Bit rate, Broadcasting, Buskerud, Cellular network, Closed-circuit television, Co-channel interference, Code rate, Codec, Community radio, Concatenated error correction code, Convolutional code, Countries using DAB/DMB, Data link layer, Daylight saving time, Denmark, Digital audio radio service, Digital image, Digital multimedia broadcasting, Digital radio, Digital Radio Mondiale, Digital television transition, Doppler effect, E-FIT, Electronic program guide, Error detection and correction, ETSI, ETSI Satellite Digital Radio, Eureka (organisation), European Union, Fading, Federal Communications Commission, Fidelity, Filename extension, Finnmark, Firmware, FM broadcasting, FMeXtra, Forward compatibility, Forward error correction, Frame synchronization, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, ..., HD Radio, Hedmark, Hertz, High-Efficiency Advanced Audio Coding, Hordaland, Hour, HTML, IBiquity, Institut für Rundfunktechnik, Internet radio device, ISDB, Italy, ITU-R, Java (software platform), L band, Møre og Romsdal, Modulation, MPEG Surround, MPEG-1 Audio Layer II, MPEG-4, Multi-frequency network, Multipath interference, Multipath propagation, Multiplexing, NASA, Noise, Noise (electronics), Nordland, Norway, NRK, NRK Klassisk, NXP Semiconductors, Nynorsk, Ofcom, Oppland, Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing, OSI model, Oslo, P4 Radio Hele Norge, Phase-shift keying, Physical layer, Pirate radio, Presentation layer, Protocol stack, Pure (company), Radio Data System, Radio Norge, Radio receiver, Reed–Solomon error correction, Rogaland, Satellite, Satellite radio, Single-frequency network, Sirius XM Holdings, Slide show, Sogn og Fjordane, Sound Digital, South Tyrol, Southern Norway, Spectral efficiency, Spectrum management, Statistical time-division multiplexing, Super high frequency, Sveriges Radio, Sweden, Switzerland, Telemark, Time signal, Trøndelag, Troms, Tunneling protocol, Ultra high frequency, United Kingdom, Very high frequency, Vestfold, Video, Website, WorldDAB. Expand index (78 more) » « Shrink index
Agder is a historical district of Norway in the southernmost region of Norway, roughly corresponding to the two counties (fylker) of Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder in present-day Norway.
Akershus is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it also has a short border with Sweden (Värmland).
AM broadcasting is a radio broadcasting technology, which employs amplitude modulation (AM) transmissions.
An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.
Østfold is a county in southeastern Norway, bordering Akershus and southwestern Sweden (Västra Götaland County and Värmland), while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord.
Band III is the name of the range of radio frequencies within the very high frequency (VHF) part of the electromagnetic spectrum from 174 to 240 megahertz (MHz).
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC iPlayer is an internet streaming, catchup, television and radio service from the BBC.
BBC Radio 3 is a British radio station operated by the BBC.
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
Buskerud is a county in Norway, bordering Akershus, Oslo, Oppland, Sogn og Fjordane, Hordaland, Telemark and Vestfold.
A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the last link is wireless.
Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.
Co-channel interference or CCI is crosstalk from two different radio transmitters using the same channel.
In telecommunication and information theory, the code rate (or information rate) of a forward error correction code is the proportion of the data-stream that is useful (non-redundant).
A codec is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.
Community radio is a radio service offering a third model of radio broadcasting in addition to commercial and public broadcasting.
In coding theory, concatenated codes form a class of error-correcting codes that are derived by combining an inner code and an outer code.
In telecommunication, a convolutional code is a type of error-correcting code that generates parity symbols via the sliding application of a boolean polynomial function to a data stream.
The radio technology known as Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB or DAB+), and its TV sibling, Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB), is being operated in several regions worldwide, either in the form of full services, or as feasibility studies.
The data link layer, or layer 2, is the second layer of the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking.
Daylight saving time (abbreviated DST), sometimes referred to as daylight savings time in U.S., Canadian, and Australian speech, and known as summer time in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Digital audio radio service (DARS) refers to any type of digital radio program service.
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.
Digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB) is a digital radio transmission technology developed in South Korea as part of the national IT project for sending multimedia such as TV, radio and datacasting to mobile devices such as mobile phones, laptops and GPS navigation systems.
Digital radio is the use of digital technology to transmit and/or receive across the radio spectrum.
Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM; mondiale being Italian and French for "worldwide") is a set of digital audio broadcasting technologies designed to work over the bands currently used for analogue radio broadcasting including AM broadcasting, particularly shortwave, and FM broadcasting.
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover, the analog switch-off (ASO), or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting is converted to and replaced by digital television.
The Doppler effect (or the Doppler shift) is the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave in relation to observer who is moving relative to the wave source.
Electronic Facial Identification Technique (E-FIT, e-fit, efit) is a computer-based method of producing facial composites of wanted criminals, based on eyewitness descriptions.
Electronic program guides (EPGs) and interactive program guides (IPGs) are menu-based systems that provide users of television, radio and other media applications with continuously updated menus displaying broadcast programming (TV listings in the UK) or scheduling information for current and upcoming programming.
In information theory and coding theory with applications in computer science and telecommunication, error detection and correction or error control are techniques that enable reliable delivery of digital data over unreliable communication channels.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, headquartered in Sophia-Antipolis, France, with worldwide projection.
ETSI Satellite Digital Radio (SDR or ETSI SDR) describes a standard of satellite digital radio.
EUREKA, often abbreviated as E!, or Σ! (from the ancient Greek way to write "E" and unrelated to modern "Sigma") is an intergovernmental organisation for pan-European research and development funding and coordination.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
In wireless communications, fading is variation or the attenuation of a signal with various variables.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
Fidelity is the quality of faithfulness or loyalty.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
Finnmark (italic; Finnmark; Фи́ннмарк, Fínnmark) is a county ("fylke") in the extreme northeastern part of Norway.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
FM broadcasting is a method of radio broadcasting using frequency modulation (FM) technology.
FMeXtra, now marketed as VuCast and oriented at the broadcast data market like MSN Direct, is an in-band on-channel digital radio broadcasting technology created by Digital Radio Express, now VuCast Media.
Forward compatibility or upward compatibility is a design characteristic that allows a system to accept input intended for a later version of itself.
In telecommunication, information theory, and coding theory, forward error correction (FEC) or channel coding is a technique used for controlling errors in data transmission over unreliable or noisy communication channels.
In telecommunication, frame synchronization or framing is the process by which, while receiving a stream of framed data, incoming frame alignment signals (i.e., a distinctive bit sequences or syncwords) are identified (that is, distinguished from data bits), permitting the data bits within the frame to be extracted for decoding or retransmission.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
HD Radio is a trademarked term for iBiquity's in-band on-channel (IBOC) digital radio technology used by AM and FM radio stations to transmit audio and data by using a digital signal embedded "on-frequency" immediately above and below a station's standard analog signal, providing the means to listen to the same program in either HD (digital radio with less noise) or as a standard broadcast (analog radio with standard sound quality).
Hedmark is a county in Norway, bordering Trøndelag to the north, Oppland to the west and Akershus to the south.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
High-Efficiency Advanced Audio Coding (HE-AAC) is an audio coding format for lossy data compression of digital audio defined as an MPEG-4 Audio profile in ISO/IEC 14496-3.
Hordaland is a county in Norway, bordering Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Telemark, and Rogaland counties.
An hour (symbol: h; also abbreviated hr.) is a unit of time conventionally reckoned as of a day and scientifically reckoned as 3,599–3,601 seconds, depending on conditions.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
iBiquity Digital Corporation is a company formed by the merger of USA Digital Radio and Lucent Digital Radio, with the goal of creating an in-band on-channel (IBOC) digital radio system for the United States and around the world.
The Institut für Rundfunktechnik GmbH (IRT) (Institute for Broadcasting Technology Ltd.) is the research centre of the German broadcasters (ARD / ZDF / DLR), Austria's broadcaster (ORF) and the Swiss public broadcaster (SRG / SSR).
An Internet radio device, also called network music player is a hardware device that is capable of receiving and playing streamed media from either Internet radio stations or a home network.
The Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) (Japanese:, Tōgō dejitaru hōsō sābisu) is a Japanese standard for digital television (DTV) and digital radio used by the country's radio and television networks.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is responsible for radio communication.
Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment.
The L band is the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) designation for the range of frequencies in the radio spectrum from 1 to 2 gigahertz (GHz).
Møre og Romsdal (Møre and Romsdal) is a county in the northernmost part of Western Norway.
In electronics and telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a modulating signal that typically contains information to be transmitted.
MPEG Surround (ISO/IEC 23003-1 or MPEG-D Part 1), also known as Spatial Audio Coding (SAC) is a lossy compression format for surround sound that provides a method for extending mono or stereo audio services to multi-channel audio in a backwards compatible fashion.
MPEG-1 Audio Layer II or MPEG-2 Audio Layer II (MP2, sometimes incorrectly called Musicam or MUSICAM) is a lossy audio compression format defined by ISO/IEC 11172-3 alongside MPEG-1 Audio Layer I and MPEG-1 Audio Layer III (MP3).
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
Data networks, such as wireless communication networks, have to trade off between services customized for a single terminal and services provided to a large number of terminals.
Multipath interference is a phenomenon in the physics of waves whereby a wave from a source travels to a detector via two or more paths and, under the right condition, the two (or more) components of the wave interfere.
In wireless telecommunications, multipath is the propagation phenomenon that results in radio signals reaching the receiving antenna by two or more paths.
In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Noise is unwanted sound judged to be unpleasant, loud or disruptive to hearing.
In electronics, noise is an unwanted disturbance in an electrical signal.
Nordland (Nordlánda) is a county in Norway in the Northern Norway region, bordering Troms in the north, Trøndelag in the south, Norrbotten County in Sweden to the east, Västerbotten County to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean (Norwegian Sea) to the west.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
NRK (an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS, generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway.
NRK Klassisk is a digital radio channel operated by the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) which broadcasts classical music 24 hours a day.
NXP Semiconductors N.V. is a Dutch global semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
Nynorsk (translates to New Norwegian or New Norse) is one of the two written standards of the Norwegian language, the other being Bokmål.
The Office of Communications (Y Swyddfa Gyfathrebiadau), commonly known as Ofcom, is the UK government-approved regulatory and competition authority for the broadcasting, telecommunications and postal industries of the United Kingdom.
Oppland is a county in Norway, bordering Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Akershus, Oslo and Hedmark.
In telecommunications, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) is a method of encoding digital data on multiple carrier frequencies.
The Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model) is a conceptual model that characterizes and standardizes the communication functions of a telecommunication or computing system without regard to its underlying internal structure and technology.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
P4 Radio Hele Norge AS Norway's leading national, private radio station with 24% national market share, about one million daily listeners and two million weekly.
Phase-shift keying (PSK) is a digital modulation process which conveys data by changing (modulating) the phase of a constant frequency reference signal (the carrier wave).
In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the physical layer or layer 1 is the first and lowest layer.
Pirate radio or a pirate radio station is a radio station that broadcasts without a valid license.
In the seven-layer OSI model of computer networking, the presentation layer is layer 6 and serves as the data translator for the network.
The protocol stack or network stack is an implementation of a computer networking protocol suite or protocol family.
Pure International Ltd. is a British consumer electronics company, based in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, founded in 2002.
Radio Data System (RDS) is a communications protocol standard for embedding small amounts of digital information in conventional FM radio broadcasts.
Radio Norge (formerly Kanal 4 and Kanal 24) is a Norwegian radio station with headquarters in Bergen.
In radio communications, a radio receiver (receiver or simply radio) is an electronic device that receives radio waves and converts the information carried by them to a usable form.
Reed–Solomon codes are a group of error-correcting codes that were introduced by Irving S. Reed and Gustave Solomon in 1960.
Rogaland is a county in Western Norway, bordering Hordaland, Telemark, Aust-Agder, and Vest-Agder counties.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Satellite radio is defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)'S ITU Radio Regulations (RR) as a broadcasting-satellite service.
A single-frequency network or SFN is a broadcast network where several transmitters simultaneously send the same signal over the same frequency channel.
Sirius XM Satellite Radio is an American broadcasting company that provides three satellite radio and online radio services operating in the United States: Sirius Satellite Radio, XM Satellite Radio, and Sirius XM Radio.
A slide show is a presentation of a series of still images on a projection screen or electronic display device, typically in a prearranged sequence.
Sogn og Fjordane (English: Sogn and Fjordane) is a county in western Norway, bordering Møre og Romsdal, Oppland, Buskerud, and Hordaland.
Sound Digital is a semi national commercial digital radio multiplex in the United Kingdom, owned by Arqiva, Bauer Media Group and Wireless Group.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
Southern Norway (Sørlandet; lit. "The Southland") is the geographical region (landsdel) along the Skagerrak coast of southern Norway.
Spectral efficiency, spectrum efficiency or bandwidth efficiency refers to the information rate that can be transmitted over a given bandwidth in a specific communication system.
Spectrum management is the process of regulating the use of radio frequencies to promote efficient use and gain a net social benefit.
Statistical multiplexing is a type of communication link sharing, very similar to dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA).
Super high frequency (SHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies (RF) in the range between 3 and 30 gigahertz (GHz).
Sveriges Radio AB ("Swedish Radio") is Sweden's national publicly funded radio broadcaster.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Telemark is a county in Norway, bordering Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogaland and Aust-Agder.
A time signal is a visible, audible, mechanical, or electronic signal used as a reference to determine the time of day.
Trøndelag is a county in the central part of Norway.
Troms (italic; Tromssa) is a county in Northern Norway.
In computer networks, a tunneling protocol is a communications protocol that allows for the secure movement of data from one network to another.
Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.
Vestfold is a county in Norway, on the western shore of the Oslofjord.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
WorldDAB is a global industry organisation responsible for defining the standards of the Eureka-147 family which includes DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) and DAB+ for digital radio Digital radio.
DAB +, DAB Digital Radio, DAB Radio, DAB digital radio, DAB+, DAB-S, Dab+, Digital Audio Broadcast, Digital Audio Broadcasting, Digital audio broadcast, Digital audio broadcasting (DAB), Digital radios, Dynamic label, EUREKA 147, Eureka 147, Eureka-147, FM radio switch-off, FM radio switch-off in Norway, T-DAB.