251 relations: AA battery, AAA battery, Active pixel sensor, Adobe Systems, Aftermarket (merchandise), Altimeter, Android (operating system), Angle of view, Angular resolution, Anti-aliasing filter, AOL, Aperture, APS-C, Astrograph, Audio Video Interleave, Autofocus, Back-illuminated sensor, Barometer, Battery grip, Bayer filter, Bluetooth, Bridge camera, Camera, Camera phone, Candid photography, Canon EOS M, Canon Inc., Card reader, CD single, Cellular network, Charge-coupled device, Cloud computing, CMOS, Color balance, Color filter array, Colour co-site sampling, CompactFlash, Computing platform, Control theory, Conventional PCI, CR-V3 battery, Cromemco Cyclops, Crop factor, Cropping (image), Demosaicing, Depth of field, Design rule for Camera File system, Diaphragm (optics), Digital camera, Digital camera back, ..., Digital image processing, Digital Negative, Digital Photography Review, Digital Print Order Format, Digital signal processor, Digital single-lens reflex camera, Digitization, DSC-QX10, DSC-QX100, DV, DVD recorder, Electric battery, Electronic viewfinder, Email attachment, Engadget, Eugene F. Lally, Exif, Exposure (photography), Film, Film speed, Firmware, Flash (photography), Flash memory, Floppy disk, Focal length, Focus (optics), Four Thirds system, Foveon, Foveon X3 sensor, Frame grabber, Free software, Fujifilm, Fujifilm X-series, Full-frame digital SLR, Geotagged photograph, Geotagging, GoPro, GPhoto, Grayscale, Hard disk drive, Hasselblad, HDMI, Helmet camera, High-definition television, Hot shoe, IEEE 1394, IEEE 802.11, Image editing, Image resolution, Image scanner, Image sensor format, Image sharing, Image stabilization, Image stitching, Installed base, Instant camera, Instant film, International Organization for Standardization, Interpolation, J-SH04, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, John Wiley & Sons, JPEG, Kodak, Kodak DCS, Kodak EasyShare, Konica Minolta, Large format, Lens mount, Light meter, Light-field camera, Linux, Lithium battery, Live preview, Lossy compression, Macro photography, Manual focus, Medium format (film), Megabyte, Memory card, Memory Stick, Metadata, Micro Four Thirds system, Microdrive, Microscanning, Mini CD, Minolta Dimage EX, Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera, Mobile app, Mobile device, Mobile High-Definition Link, Mobile phone, Mode dial, MOSFET, Movie camera, Moving Picture Experts Group, MPEG-4 Part 14, Multimedia Messaging Service, Multispectral image, Nikon, Nikon Coolpix S800c, Nikon D3S, Nikon E series, Nokia 808 PureView, Nokia Lumia 1020, Olympus Corporation, Open-loop controller, Original equipment manufacturer, Panasonic, Parallax, PC Card, Pentax, Pentax K-01, Pentax Q, Personal computer, Phase One (company), Photo finish, Photograph, Photographic film, Picasa, PictBridge, Picture Transfer Protocol, Pixel, Point-and-shoot camera, Polarizing filter (photography), Polaroid Corporation, Popular Electronics, Portrait, Portrait photography, Primary cell, Primary color, Printer (computing), Proprietary format, Push broom scanner, Raw image format, Rechargeable battery, Remote camera, Removable media, RGB color model, Ricoh GXR, Rotating line camera, S-Video, Samsung Galaxy Camera, Samsung Galaxy S4 Mini, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Secure Digital, Semiconductor memory, Serial port, Sharp Corporation, Shutter (photography), Shutter lag, Shutter speed, Sigma Corporation, Silicon Image, Single-lens reflex camera, Skeuomorph, Smart camera, Smartphone, Snapshot (photography), Social media, Social networking service, SoftBank Group, Sony, Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1, Sony DSC-QX30, Sony E-mount, Sony ILCE-QX1, Sony α7, Sound recording and reproduction, Stereo camera, Steven Sasson, Superzoom, Symbian, Teleconverter, Tethering, Texas Instruments, The New York Times, Thermal printing, Three-CCD camera, TIFF, Time delay and integration, Transparency and translucency, Underwater photography, Usability, USB, USB flash drive, USB mass storage device class, Video camera, Virtual reality, Vision processing unit, Wi-Fi, Windows Media Video, Windows Phone, Wireless network, XQD card, Zoom lens, 120 film, 135 film, 35 mm film, 3D television, 8.3 filename. Expand index (201 more) » « Shrink index
The AA battery—also called a double A or Mignon (French for "dainty") battery—is a standard size single cell cylindrical dry battery.
An AAA or triple-A battery is a standard size of dry cell battery commonly used in low-drain portable electronic devices.
An active-pixel sensor (APS) is an image sensor where each picture element ("pixel") has a photodetector and an active amplifier.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
In many economic literature, the term "aftermarket" refers to a secondary market for the goods and services that are 1) complementary or 2) related to its primary market goods (original equipment). Thus, in many industries, the primary market consists of durable goods, whereas the aftermarket consists of consumable or non-durable products or services. Accordingly, the "aftermarket goods" mainly include products and services for replacement parts, upgrade, maintenance and enhancement of the use of its original equipment.
An altimeter or an altitude meter is an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object above a fixed level.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
In photography, angle of view (AOV) describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera.
Angular resolution or spatial resolution describes the ability of any image-forming device such as an optical or radio telescope, a microscope, a camera, or an eye, to distinguish small details of an object, thereby making it a major determinant of image resolution.
An anti-aliasing filter (AAF) is a filter used before a signal sampler to restrict the bandwidth of a signal to approximately or completely satisfy the sampling theorem over the band of interest.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels.
Advanced Photo System type-C (APS-C) is an image sensor format approximately equivalent in size to the Advanced Photo System "classic" negatives of 25.1×16.7 mm, an aspect ratio of 3:2.
An astrograph (astrographic camera) is a telescope designed for the sole purpose of astrophotography.
Audio Video Interleave (also Audio Video Interleaved), known by its initials AVI, is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows software.
An autofocus (or AF) optical system uses a sensor, a control system and a motor to focus on an automatically or manually selected point or area.
A back-illuminated sensor, also known as backside illumination (BSI or BI) sensor, is a type of digital image sensor that uses a novel arrangement of the imaging elements to increase the amount of light captured and thereby improve low-light performance.
A barometer is a scientific instrument used in meteorology to measure atmospheric pressure.
A battery grip is an accessory for an SLR/DSLR (and occasionally other cameras), which allows the camera to hold multiple batteries to extend the battery life of the camera, and adds a vertical grip with an extra shutter release (and other controls), facilitating the shooting of portrait photography.
A Bayer filter mosaic is a color filter array (CFA) for arranging RGB color filters on a square grid of photosensors.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
Bridge cameras are cameras that fill the niche between the single-lens reflex cameras (SLRs) and the point-and-shoot camera.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
A camera phone is a mobile phone which is able to capture photographs and often record video using one or more built-in digital cameras.
A candid photograph is a photograph captured without creating a posed appearance.
Canon EOS M is the first mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera produced by Canon.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
A card reader is a data input device that reads data from a card-shaped storage medium.
A CD single (sometimes abbreviated to CDS) is a music single in the form of a compact disc.
A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the last link is wireless.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
In photography and image processing, color balance is the global adjustment of the intensities of the colors (typically red, green, and blue primary colors).
In photography, a color filter array (CFA), or color filter mosaic (CFM), is a mosaic of tiny color filters placed over the pixel sensors of an image sensor to capture color information.
Colour co-site sampling is a system of photographic colour sensing, wherein 4, 16 or 36 images are collected from the sensor and merged to form a single image.
CompactFlash (CF) is a flash memory mass storage device used mainly in portable electronic devices.
A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software is executed.
Control theory in control systems engineering deals with the control of continuously operating dynamical systems in engineered processes and machines.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
A CR-V3 battery (sometimes CRV3) is a type of disposable high-capacity 3-Volt battery used in various electronic appliances, including some digital cameras.
The Cromemco Cyclops, introduced in 1975 by Cromemco, was the first commercial all-digital camera using a digital MOS area image sensor.
In digital photography, the crop factor, format factor or focal length multiplier of an image sensor format is the ratio of the dimensions of a camera's imaging area compared to a reference format; most often, this term is applied to digital cameras, relative to 35 mm film format as a reference.
Cropping is the removal of unwanted outer areas from a photographic or illustrated image.
A demosaicing (also de-mosaicing, demosaicking or debayering) algorithm is a digital image process used to reconstruct a full color image from the incomplete color samples output from an image sensor overlaid with a color filter array (CFA).
In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, the optical phenomenon known as depth of field (DOF), is the distance about the Plane of Focus (POF) where objects appear acceptably sharp in an image.
Design rule for Camera File system (DCF) is a JEITA specification (number CP-3461) which defines a file system for digital cameras, including the directory structure, file naming method, character set, file format, and metadata format.
In optics, a diaphragm is a thin opaque structure with an opening (aperture) at its center.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
A digital camera back is a device that attaches to the back of a camera in place of the traditional negative film holder and contains an electronic image sensor.
In computer science, Digital image processing is the use of computer algorithms to perform image processing on digital images.
Digital Negative (DNG) is a patented, open, non-free lossless raw image format written by Adobe used for digital photography.
Digital Photography Review, also known as DPReview, is a website about digital cameras and digital photography, established in November 1998.
DPOF (Digital Print Order Format) is a format which allows the user of a digital camera or other device such as a mobile phone or PDA to define which captured images on the storage card are to be printed, together with information on the number of copies or other image information such as paper size, image title text, image orientation, contact information and more.
A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.
A digital single-lens reflex camera (also called digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.
Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-QX10 is an ultrazoom, mobile device-mountable, Wi-Fi-controlled camera module announced by Sony on September 3, 2013.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-QX100 is a mobile device-mountable, Wi-Fi-controlled camera module announced by Sony on September 3, 2014.
DV is a format for storing digital video.
A DVD recorder is an optical disc recorder that uses optical disc recording technologies to digitally record analog or digital signals onto blank writable DVD media.
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
An electronic viewfinder (EVF) is a camera viewfinder where the image captured by the lens is projected electronically onto a miniature display.
An email attachment is a computer file sent along with an email message.
Engadget is a multilingual technology blog network with daily coverage of gadgets and consumer electronics.
Eugene F. Lally (August 14, 1934 – July 28, 2014) was American aerospace engineer.
Exchangeable image file format (officially Exif, according to JEIDA/JEITA/CIPA specifications) is a standard that specifies the formats for images, sound, and ancillary tags used by digital cameras (including smartphones), scanners and other systems handling image and sound files recorded by digital cameras.
In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane illuminance times the exposure time) reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Film speed is the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
A flash is a device used in photography producing a flash of artificial light (typically 1/1000 to 1/200 of a second) at a color temperature of about 5500 K to help illuminate a scene.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.
In geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is the point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge.
The Four Thirds System is a standard created by Olympus and Eastman Kodak for digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) and mirrorless camera design and development.
Foveon, Inc., is an American company that manufactures and distributes image sensor technology.
The Foveon X3 sensor is an image sensor for digital cameras, designed by Foveon, Inc. (now part of Sigma Corporation) and manufactured by Dongbu Electronics.
A frame grabber is an electronic device that captures (i.e., "grabs") individual, digital still frames from an analog video signal or a digital video stream.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
, trading as Fujifilm (stylized as FUJiFILM), or simply Fuji, is a Japanese multinational photography and imaging company headquartered in Tokyo.
The Fujifilm X-series range of digital cameras consists of Fujifilm's high-end digital cameras and is aimed at professional and keen enthusiast photographers.
The term full frame or ff is used by users of digital single-lens reflex cameras (DSLRs) as a shorthand for an image sensor format which is the same size as 35mm format film.
A geotagged photograph is a photograph which is associated with a geographical location by geotagging.
Geotagging or GeoTagging, is the process of adding geographical identification metadata to various media such as a geotagged photograph or video, websites, SMS messages, QR Codes or RSS feeds and is a form of geospatial metadata.
GoPro, Inc. (marketed as GoPro and sometimes stylised as GoPRO) is an American technology company founded in 2002 by Nick Woodman.
gPhoto is a set of software applications and libraries for use in digital photography.
In photography, computing, and colorimetry, a grayscale or greyscale image is one in which the value of each pixel is a single sample representing only an amount of light, that is, it carries only intensity information.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Victor Hasselblad AB is a Swedish manufacturer of medium-format cameras, photographic equipment and image scanners based in Gothenburg, Sweden.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
A helmet camera, otherwise known as a micro video camera, bullet camera, or lipstick camera, is an action camera, usually a closed circuit television camera, attached to a helmet allowing someone to make a visual record from their point of view (POV), while keeping their hands and vision free.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
Canon EOS 350D Hot shoe Proprietary hot shoe used by Minolta and older Sony cameras (Konica Minolta Maxxum 7D) A hot shoe is a mounting point on the top of a camera to attach a flash unit and other compatible accessories.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
IEEE 802.11 is a set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 900 MHz and 2.4, 3.6, 5, and 60 GHz frequency bands.
Image editing encompasses the processes of altering images, whether they are digital photographs, traditional photo-chemical photographs, or illustrations.
Image resolution is the detail an image holds.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
Note: If you came here to get a quick understanding of numbers like 1/2.3, skip ahead to table of sensor formats and sizes.
Image sharing, or photo sharing, is the publishing or transfer of a user's digital photos online.
Image stabilization (IS) is a family of techniques that reduce blurring associated with the motion of a camera or other imaging device during exposure.
Image stitching or photo stitching is the process of combining multiple photographic images with overlapping fields of view to produce a segmented panorama or high-resolution image.
Installed base (also install base, install user base or just user base) is a measure of the number of units of a product or service that are actually in use, especially software or an Internet or computing platform, as opposed to market share, which only reflects sales over a particular period.
The instant camera is a type of camera which uses self-developing film to create a chemically developed print shortly after taking the picture.
Instant film is a type of photographic film introduced by Polaroid to be used in an instant camera (and, with accessory hardware, many other professional film cameras).
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
In the mathematical field of numerical analysis, interpolation is a method of constructing new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points.
The J-SH04 was a mobile phone made by Sharp Corporation and released by J-Phone (SoftBank Mobile).
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
The Kodak Digital Camera System is a series of digital single-lens reflex cameras and digital camera backs that were released by Kodak in the 1990s and 2000s, and discontinued in 2005.
Kodak EasyShare is a sub brand of Eastman Kodak Company products identifying a consumer photography system of digital cameras, snapshot thermal printers, snapshot thermal printer docks, all-in-one inkjet printers, accessories, camera docks, software, and online print services.
is a Japanese multinational technology company headquartered in Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, with offices in 49 countries worldwide.
Large format refers to any imaging format of 4×5 inches (102×127 mm) or larger.
A lens mount is an interface – mechanical and often also electrical – between a photographic camera body and a lens.
A light meter is a device used to measure the amount of light.
A light field camera, also known as plenoptic camera, captures information about the light field emanating from a scene; that is, the intensity of light in a scene, and also the direction that the light rays are traveling in space.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Lithium batteries are primary batteries that have lithium as an anode.
Live preview is a feature that allows a digital camera's display screen to be used as a viewfinder.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
Macro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography), is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects and living organisms like insects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs).
In the field of photography, a manual focus camera is one in which the user has to adjust the focus of the lens by hand.
Medium format has traditionally referred to a film format in still photography and the related cameras and equipment that use film.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A memory card, flash card or memory cartridge is an electronic flash memory data storage device used for storing digital information.
Memory Stick is a removable flash memory card format, originally launched by Sony in late 1998.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
The Micro Four Thirds system (MFT or M4/3) is a standard released by Olympus and Panasonic in 2008, for the design and development of mirrorless interchangeable lens digital cameras, camcorders and lenses.
Microdrive is a registered trademark for miniature, 1-inch hard disks produced by IBM and Hitachi.
Microscanning is a method for increasing resolution of digital cameras.
Mini CDs, or pocket CDs, are CDs with a smaller diameter and one third the storage capacity of a standard 120 mm disc.
The Minolta Dimâge EX (also sold as EX 1500) is a digital camera, first marketed in 1998.
A mirrorless interchangeable lens camera (MILC) features a single, removable lens and uses a digital display system rather than an optical viewfinder.
A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device such as a phone/tablet or watch.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
Mobile High-Definition Link (MHL) is an industry standard for a mobile audio/video interface that allows the connection of smartphones, tablets, and other portable consumer electronics devices to high-definition televisions (HDTVs), audio receivers, and projectors.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
A mode dial or camera dial is a dial used on digital cameras to change the camera's mode.
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
The movie camera, film camera or cine-camera is a type of photographic camera which takes a rapid sequence of photographs on an image sensor or on a film.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 is a digital multimedia container format most commonly used to store video and audio, but it can also be used to store other data such as subtitles and still images.
Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is a standard way to send messages that include multimedia content to and from a mobile phone over a cellular network.
A multispectral image is one that captures image data within specific wavelength ranges across the electromagnetic spectrum.
(or), also known just as Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products.
The Nikon Coolpix S800c is the first digital compact camera with Android operating system announced Aug 22, 2012.
The Nikon D3S is a 12.1-megapixel professional-grade full frame (35mm) digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) announced by Nikon Corporation on 14 October 2009.
The Nikon E series, co-developed with Fujifilm, are autofocus 1.3 megapixel professional grade quasi-full frame (35mm) Nikon F-mount digital single lens reflex cameras (DSLR) manufactured by Nikon since 1995.
The Nokia 808 PureView is a Symbian-powered smartphone first unveiled on 27 February 2012 at the Mobile World Congress.
The Nokia Lumia 1020 (known as Lumia 909 during development) is a smartphone developed by Nokia, first unveiled on 11 July 2013 at a Nokia event at New York.
is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products.
In an open-loop controller, also called a non-feedback controller, the control action from the controller is independent of the "process output", which is the process variable that is being controlled.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.
In computing, PC Card is a configuration for computer parallel communication peripheral interface, designed for laptop computers.
is a brand name used primarily by Japanese multinational imaging and electronics company Ricoh for cameras, sport optics (including binoculars and rifle scopes), and CCTV optics.
Pentax K-01 is a mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera announced in February 2012.
The Pentax Q is a mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera introduced by Pentax on June 23, 2011.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Phase One is a Danish company specializing in high-end digital photography equipment and software.
A photo finish occurs in a sporting race when multiple competitors cross the finishing line at nearly the same time.
A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Picasa is a discontinued image organizer and image viewer for organizing and editing digital photos, plus an integrated photo-sharing website, originally created by a company named Lifescape (which at that time may have resided at Idealab) in 2002.
PictBridge is a historical computing industry standard introduced in 2003 from the Camera & Imaging Products Association (CIPA) for direct printing.
Picture Transfer Protocol (PTP) is a protocol developed by the International Imaging Industry Association to allow the transfer of images from digital cameras to computers and other peripheral devices without the need of additional device drivers.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
A point-and-shoot camera, also known as compact camera, is a still camera designed primarily for simple operation.
A polarizing filter or polarising filter (see spelling differences) is often placed in front of the camera lens in photography in order to darken skies, manage reflections, or suppress glare from the surface of lakes or the sea.
Polaroid is an American company that is a brand licensor and marketer of its portfolio of consumer electronics to companies that distribute consumer electronics and eyewear.
Popular Electronics is an American magazine published by John August Media, LLC, and hosted at TechnicaCuriosa.com.
A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant.
Portrait photography or portraiture in photography is a photograph of a person or group of people that captures the personality of the subject by using effective lighting, backdrops, and poses.
A primary cell is a battery that is designed to be used once and discarded, and not recharged with electricity and reused like a secondary cell (rechargeable battery).
A set of primary colors is, most tangibly, a set of real colorants or colored lights that can be combined in varying amounts to produce a gamut of colors.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
A proprietary format is a file format of a company, organization, or individual that contains data that is ordered and stored according to a particular encoding-scheme, designed by the company or organization to be secret, such that the decoding and interpretation of this stored data is easily accomplished only with particular software or hardware that the company itself has developed.
A push broom scanner (also known as an along-track scanner) is a device for obtaining images with spectroscopic sensors.
A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner.
A rechargeable battery, storage battery, secondary cell, or accumulator is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged into a load, and recharged many times, as opposed to a disposable or primary battery, which is supplied fully charged and discarded after use.
A remote camera is a camera placed by a photographer in areas where the photographer generally cannot be at the camera to snap the shutter.
In computer storage, some types of removable media are designed to be read to or written to by removable readers, writers and drives.
The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.
The Ricoh GXR is a compact digital camera first announced by Ricoh Company, Ltd, Tokyo on November 10, 2009.
A rotating line camera is a digital camera that uses a linear CCD array to assemble a digital image as the camera rotates.
S-Video (also known as separate video and Y/C) is a signaling standard for standard definition video, typically 480i or 576i.
The Samsung Galaxy Camera is a point-and-shoot camera which is an Android based mobile device.
The Samsung Galaxy S4 Mini is an Android smartphone developed by the Korean manufacturer Samsung Electronics.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer (popularly known as the Seattle P-I, the Post-Intelligencer, or simply the P-I) is an online newspaper and former print newspaper based in Seattle, Washington, United States.
Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.
Semiconductor memory is a digital electronic data storage device, often used as computer memory, implemented with semiconductor electronic devices on an integrated circuit (IC).
In computing, a serial port is a serial communication interface through which information transfers in or out one bit at a time (in contrast to a parallel port).
is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products, headquartered in Sakai-ku, Sakai.
In photography, a shutter is a device that allows light to pass for a determined period, exposing photographic film or a light-sensitive electronic sensor to light in order to capture a permanent image of a scene.
In photography, shutter lag is the delay between triggering the shutter and when the photograph is actually recorded.
In photography, shutter speed or exposure time is the length of time when the film or digital sensor inside the camera is exposed to light, also when a camera's shutter is open when taking a photograph.
is a Japanese company, manufacturing cameras, lenses, flashes and other photographic accessories.
Silicon Image is a provider of semiconductors for the mobile, consumer electronics and personal computers (PCs).
A single-lens reflex camera (SLR) is a camera that typically uses a mirror and prism system (hence "reflex" from the mirror's reflection) that permits the photographer to view through the lens and see exactly what will be captured.
A skeuomorph is a derivative object that retains ornamental design cues (attributes) from structures that are inherent to the original.
A smart camera or intelligent camera is a machine vision system which, in addition to image capture circuitry, is capable of extracting application-specific information from the captured images, along with generating event descriptions or making decisions that are used in an intelligent and automated system.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
A snapshot is a photograph that is "shot" spontaneously and quickly, most often without artistic or journalistic intent.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
A social networking service (also social networking site, SNS or social media) is a web application that people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.
is a Japanese multinational holding conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1 is a premium fixed-lens compact camera made by Sony as part of its Cyber-shot line of digital cameras.
The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-QX30 is an ultrazoom, mobile device-mountable, Wi-Fi-controlled camera module announced by Sony on September 3, 2014.
The E-mount is a lens mount designed by Sony for their NEX ("New E-mount eXperience") and ILCE series of camcorders and mirrorless cameras.
The Sony ILCE-QX1 is a mobile device mountable, Wi-Fi-controlled camera module announced by Sony on 3 September 2014.
The Sony α7, α7R and α7S (the α is sometimes spelled out as Alpha) are three closely related digital cameras.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
A stereo camera is a type of camera with two or more lenses with a separate image sensor or film frame for each lens.
Steven J. Sasson (born July 4, 1950) is an American electrical engineer and the inventor of the first self-contained (portable) digital camera.
A superzoom or hyperzoom lens is a type of photographic zoom lenses with unconventionally large focal length factors, typically ranging from wide angle to extreme long lens focal lengths in one lens.
Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones.
A teleconverter (sometimes called tele extender) is a secondary lens which is mounted between the camera and a photographic lens.
Tethering, or phone-as-modem (PAM), is the sharing of a mobile device's internet connection with other connected computers.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Thermal printing (or direct thermal printing) is a digital printing process which produces a printed image by selectively heating coated thermochromic paper, or thermal paper as it is commonly known, when the paper passes over the thermal print head.
A three-CCD (3CCD) camera is a camera whose imaging system uses three separate charge-coupled devices (CCDs), each one receiving filtered red, green, or blue color ranges.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.
A time delay and integration or time delay integration (TDI) charge-coupled device (CCD) is an image sensor for capturing images of moving objects at low light levels.
In the field of optics, transparency (also called pellucidity or diaphaneity) is the physical property of allowing light to pass through the material without being scattered.
Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while under water.
Usability is the ease of use and learnability of a human-made object such as a tool or device.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
The USB mass storage device class (also known as USB MSC or UMS) is a set of computing communications protocols defined by the USB Implementers Forum that makes a USB device accessible to a host computing device and enables file transfers between the host and the USB device.
A video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
A vision processing unit (VPU) is (as of 2016) an emerging class of microprocessor; it is a specific type of AI accelerator, designed to accelerate machine vision tasks.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
Windows Media Video (WMV) is a series of video codecs and their corresponding video coding formats developed by Microsoft.
Windows Phone (WP) is a family of discontinued mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune.
A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes.
XQD card is a memory card format primarily developed for flash memory cards.
A zoom lens is a mechanical assembly of lens elements for which the focal length (and thus angle of view) can be varied, as opposed to a fixed focal length (FFL) lens (see prime lens).
120 is a popular film format for still photography introduced by Kodak for their Brownie No.
135 is photographic film in a film format used for still photography.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).
3D television (3DTV) is television that conveys depth perception to the viewer by employing techniques such as stereoscopic display, multi-view display, 2D-plus-depth, or any other form of 3D display.
An 8.3 filename (also called a short filename or SFN) is a filename convention used by old versions of DOS and versions of Microsoft Windows prior to Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.5.
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