116 relations: Academy Award for Best Cinematography, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Academy ratio, Aliasing, Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues, Anti-aliasing filter, Arri, Arri Alexa, Arri PL, Arriflex D-20, Arriflex D-21, Aspect ratio, Avatar (2009 film), Bayer filter, Binary prefix, Blackmagic Cinema Camera, Blackmagic Design, Canon Inc., Charge-coupled device, Christopher Nolan, CineAlta, CMOS, Color grading, Demosaicing, Depth of field, Digital camera, Digital cinema, Digital Cinema Initiatives, Digital cinematography, Digital intermediate, Digital master, Digital photography, Digital versus film photography, Digital video, District 9, Dynamic range, Feature film, Film, Film grain, Film look, Film recorder, Film stock, George Lucas, Glitch, GoPro, Grass Valley (company), Group of pictures, Hard disk drive, HDCAM, HDV, ..., High frame rate, High-definition television, Image noise, Image sensor, Inception, Information technology, Inter frame, Internegative, Intra-frame coding, Jerkiness, Julia and Julia, JVC, Knowing (film), Letterboxing (filming), Linear Tape-Open, Live television, Long take, M-DISC, Metadata, Michael Bay, Motion picture film scanner, Network-attached storage, Non-linear editing system, Non-RAID drive architectures, Once Upon a Time in Mexico, Outline of film, Panasonic, Panavision, Paul Thomas Anderson, Pillarbox, Post-production, Progressive scan, PV mount, Quentin Tarantino, RAID, Raw image format, Red Digital Cinema, Russian Ark, Silicon Imaging, Skywalker Ranch, Slumdog Millionaire, Sony, Spy Kids, Standard-definition television, Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace, Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones, Storage area network, Tape drive, Terrestrial television, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, The Last Broadcast (film), The Social Network, The Wolf of Wall Street (2013 film), Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Video, Video compression picture types, Video projector, Video tape recorder, Videotape, Vidocq (2001 film), Vision Research (company), Wally Pfister, Weisscam, Workflow, 1080p, 35 mm film. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is an Academy Award awarded each year to a cinematographer for work on one particular motion picture.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
The Academy ratio of 1.375:1 (abbreviated as 1.37:1) is an aspect ratio of a frame of 35mm film when used with 4-perf pulldown.
In signal processing and related disciplines, aliasing is an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled.
Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues is a 2013 American comedy film and the sequel to the 2004 film Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy.
An anti-aliasing filter (AAF) is a filter used before a signal sampler to restrict the bandwidth of a signal to approximately or completely satisfy the sampling theorem over the band of interest.
The Arri Group is a global supplier of motion picture film equipment.
The Arri Alexa (stylised as ΛLEXΛ) is a digital motion picture camera system made by Arri first introduced in April 2010.
Arri PL is a lens mount developed by Arri for use with both 16 mm and 35 mm movie cameras.
The Arriflex D-20 is a film-style digital motion picture camera made by Arri first introduced in November 2005.
The Arriflex D-21 is a film-style digital motion picture camera introduced by Arri in 2008 to replace their earlier generation Arriflex D-20.
The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.
Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.
A Bayer filter mosaic is a color filter array (CFA) for arranging RGB color filters on a square grid of photosensors.
A binary prefix is a unit prefix for multiples of units in data processing, data transmission, and digital information, notably the bit and the byte, to indicate multiplication by a power of 2.
The Blackmagic Cinema Camera (often simply the Cinema Camera or BMDCC) is a digital movie camera developed and manufactured by Blackmagic Design and released on September 4, 2012.
Blackmagic Design is an Australian digital cinema company and manufacturer based in Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Christopher Edward Nolan (born 30 July 1970) is an English film director, screenwriter, and producer who holds both British and American citizenship.
Sony's CineAlta 24P HD cameras are a series of professional digital video cameras that offer many of the same features of 35mm motion picture cameras.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
Color grading is the process of altering and enhancing the color of a motion picture, video image, or still image electronically, photo-chemically or digitally.
A demosaicing (also de-mosaicing, demosaicking or debayering) algorithm is a digital image process used to reconstruct a full color image from the incomplete color samples output from an image sensor overlaid with a color filter array (CFA).
In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, the optical phenomenon known as depth of field (DOF), is the distance about the Plane of Focus (POF) where objects appear acceptably sharp in an image.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
Digital cinema refers to the use of digital technology to distribute or project motion pictures as opposed to the historical use of reels of motion picture film, such as 35 mm film.
Digital Cinema Initiatives, LLC (DCI) is a joint venture of major motion picture studios, formed to establish a standard architecture for digital cinema systems.
Digital cinematography is the process of capturing (recording) a motion picture using digital image sensors rather than through film stock.
Digital intermediate (typically abbreviated to DI) is a motion picture finishing process which classically involves digitizing a motion picture and manipulating the color and other image characteristics.
A digital master is an image, PDF file, digital recording or another digital asset preserved as the "original" for the purpose of archival storage, reuse and re-expression.
Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film.
The merits of digital versus film photography were considered by photographers and filmmakers in the early 21st century after consumer digital cameras became widely available.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
District 9 is a 2009 science fiction action horror film directed by Neill Blomkamp, written by Blomkamp and Terri Tatchell, and produced by Peter Jackson and Carolynne Cunningham.
Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.
A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Film grain or granularity is the random optical texture of processed photographic film due to the presence of small particles of a metallic silver, or dye clouds, developed from silver halide that have received enough photons.
Film look (also known as filmizing or film-look) is a process in which video images are altered in overall appearance to appear to have been shot on film.
A film recorder is a graphical output device for transferring digital images to photographic film.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.
George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur.
A glitch is a short-lived fault in a system, such as a transient fault that corrects itself, making it difficult to troubleshoot.
GoPro, Inc. (marketed as GoPro and sometimes stylised as GoPRO) is an American technology company founded in 2002 by Nick Woodman.
Grass Valley (formerly known as Thomson Grass Valley and Grass Valley Group) is a Canadian manufacturer of television production and broadcasting equipment, including playout, video cameras, editing and media storage, and character generators.
In video coding, a group of pictures, or GOP structure, specifies the order in which intra- and inter-frames are arranged.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
HDCAM, introduced in 1997, is a high-definition video digital recording videocassette version of digital Betacam, using an 8-bit discrete cosine transform (DCT) compressed 3:1:1 recording, in 1080i-compatible down-sampled resolution of 1440×1080, and adding 24p and 23.976 progressive segmented frame (PsF) modes to later models.
HDV is a format for recording of high-definition video on DV cassette tape.
In motion picture technology—either film or video—high frame rate (HFR) refers to higher frame rates than typical prior practice.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
Image noise is random variation of brightness or color information in images, and is usually an aspect of electronic noise.
An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.
Inception is a 2010 neo-noir science fiction heist film written, co-produced, and directed by Christopher Nolan, and co-produced by Emma Thomas.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
An inter frame is a frame in a video compression stream which is expressed in terms of one or more neighboring frames.
An internegative is a motion picture film duplicate.
Intra-frame coding is used in video coding (compression).
Jerkiness, sometimes called strobing or choppy, describes the perception of individual still images in a motion picture.
Julia and Julia (Giulia e Giulia) is a 1987 Italian drama film directed by Peter Del Monte.
,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.
Knowing (stylized as KNOW1NG) is a 2009 science fiction mystery thriller film directed by Alex Proyas and starring Nicolas Cage.
Letterboxing is the practice of transferring film shot in a widescreen aspect ratio to standard-width video formats while preserving the film's original aspect ratio.
Linear Tape-Open (LTO) is a magnetic tape data storage technology originally developed in the late 1990s as an open standards alternative to the proprietary magnetic tape formats that were available at the time.
Live television is a television production broadcast in real-time, as events happen, in the present.
In filmmaking, a long take is a shot lasting much longer than the conventional editing pace either of the film itself or of films in general.
M-DISC (Millennial Disc) is a write-once optical disc technology introduced in 2009 by Millenniata, Inc.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Michael Benjamin Bay (born February 17, 1965) is an American filmmaker known for directing and producing big-budget, high-concept action films characterized by fast cutting, stylistic visuals and extensive use of special effects, including frequent depictions of explosions.
A motion picture film scanner is a device used in digital filmmaking to scan original film for storage as high-resolution digital intermediate files.
Network-attached storage (NAS) is a file-level computer data storage server connected to a computer network providing data access to a heterogeneous group of clients.
Non-destructive editing is a form of audio, video or image editing where the original content is not modified in the course of editing, instead the edits are specified and modified by specialized software.
The most widespread standard for configuring multiple hard disk drives is RAID (Redundant Array of Inexpensive/Independent Disks), which comes in a number of standard configurations and non-standard configurations.
Once Upon a Time in Mexico (also known as Desperado 2) is a 2003 American contemporary western action film written, directed, produced, photographed, scored, and edited by Robert Rodriguez.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to film: Film – refers to motion pictures as individual projects and to the field in general.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
Panavision is an American motion picture equipment company specializing in cameras and lenses, based in Woodland Hills, California.
Paul Thomas Anderson (born June 26, 1970), also referred to by his initials PTA, is an American filmmaker.
The pillarbox effect occurs in widescreen video displays when black bars (mattes or masking) are placed on the sides of the image.
Post-production is part of the process of filmmaking, video production, and photography.
Progressive scanning (alternatively referred to as noninterlaced scanning) is a way of displaying, storing, or transmitting moving images in which all the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence.
A PV mount is a lens mount developed by Panavision for use with both 16 mm and 35 mm film and digital movie cameras of various sensor sizes.
Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American director, writer, and actor.
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks, originally Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks) is a data storage virtualization technology that combines multiple physical disk drive components into one or more logical units for the purposes of data redundancy, performance improvement, or both.
A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner.
The Red Digital Cinema is an American company that manufactures digital cinematography and photography cameras and accessories.
Russian Ark (Русский ковчег, Russkij Kovcheg) is a 2002 experimental historical drama film directed by Alexander Sokurov.
The Silicon Imaging (SI-2K) was a 2K digital video camera built on a single 16mm-sized CMOS sensor manufactured by Altasens.
Skywalker Ranch is a movie ranch and workplace of film director, writer and producer George Lucas located in a secluded, yet open area near Nicasio, California, in Marin County.
Slumdog Millionaire is a 2008 British drama film directed by Danny Boyle, written by Simon Beaufoy, and produced by Christian Colson.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Spy Kids (stylised as SPY kids) is a 2001 American spy adventure comedy film written, edited, directed and produced by Robert Rodriguez, co-produced by Elizabeth Avellán, and starring Antonio Banderas, Carla Gugino, Alan Cumming, Teri Hatcher, Cheech Marin, Danny Trejo, Robert Patrick, Tony Shalhoub, Alexa Vega, Daryl Sabara, and Mike Judge.
Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high- or enhanced-definition.
Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera written and directed by George Lucas, produced by Lucasfilm and distributed by 20th Century Fox.
Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones is a 2002 American epic space opera film directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales.
A storage area network (SAN) is a Computer network which provides access to consolidated, block level data storage.
A tape drive is a data storage device that reads and writes data on a magnetic tape.
Terrestrial or broadcast television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.
The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey is a 2012 epic high fantasy adventure film directed by Peter Jackson.
The Last Broadcast is a 1998 American found footage horror film made by Stefan Avalos and Lance Weiler.
The Social Network is a 2010 American biographical drama film directed by David Fincher and written by Aaron Sorkin.
The Wolf of Wall Street is a 2013 American biographical black comedy directed by Martin Scorsese and written by Terence Winter, based on the memoir of the same name by Jordan Belfort.
Transformers: Dark of the Moon is a 2011 American 3D science fiction action film directed by Michael Bay and based on the ''Transformers'' toy line created by Hasbro.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
In the field of video compression a video frame is compressed using different algorithms with different advantages and disadvantages, centered mainly around amount of data compression.
A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.
A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
Vidocq (North American DVD title: Dark Portals: The Chronicles of Vidocq) is a 2001 mystery film, directed by Pitof, starring Gérard Depardieu as historical figure Eugène François Vidocq pursuing a supernatural serial killer.
Vision Research is an international company that manufactures high-speed digital cameras based in Wayne, New Jersey.
Walter C. "Wally" Pfister, A.S.C., (born July 8, 1961) is an American cinematographer and director, who is best known for his work with Christopher Nolan.
The Weisscam Company develops digital high-speed cameras.
A workflow consists of an orchestrated and repeatable pattern of business activity enabled by the systematic organization of resources into processes that transform materials, provide services, or process information.
1080p (1920×1080 px; also known as '''Full HD''' or FHD and BT.709) is a set of HDTV high-definition video modes characterized by 1080 horizontal lines of vertical resolution; the p stands for progressive scan, i.e. non-interlaced.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).