363 relations: Abandonware, AC adapter, Access control, Adobe Acrobat, Adobe Digital Editions, Adobe Systems, Advanced Access Content System, Advanced Audio Coding, Al Jazeera, Amazon (company), Amazon Kindle, American Council of the Blind, American Foundation for the Blind, Analog hole, Analog recording, Andrew Gowers, Android (operating system), Animal Farm, Anti-competitive practices, Apple Books, Apple Inc., Ars Technica, Artistic control, Arun Sundararajan, Assassin's Creed, Assassin's Creed II, Assistive technology, Association for Computing Machinery, Astro (television), Asus, AT&T Mobility, Atari, AutoCAD, AutoRun, Axmedis, Baen Books, Barnes & Noble, Basic Books, Beatport, Big Brother (Nineteen Eighty-Four), Big business, BioShock, Blizzard Entertainment, Blu-ray, Bohemia Interactive, Boing Boing, BookFinder.com, British Library, Broadcast flag, Broken Age, ..., Bruce Schneier, CableCARD, Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare, CD player, CD Projekt, CD-ROM, Cengage, Chaos Computer Club, Class action, Closed platform, Coffeemaker, ComiXology, Compact disc, Compact Disc Digital Audio, Compliance and Robustness, Computer data storage, Computer monitor, Concert film, Consortium, Content management, Content Scramble System, Copy protection, Copyleft, Copyright, Copyright Directive, Copyright infringement, Copyright law of India, Cory Doctorow, Creative Commons, Crippleware, Croteam, Crowdfunding, Cryptanalysis, Cryptography, Crysis Warhead, DADVSI, DeCSS, DEF CON, Defective by Design, Denial-of-service attack, Deutsche Telekom, Diablo III, Diesel Sweeties, Digital asset management, Digital distribution, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Digital Video Broadcasting, Digital watermarking, DigitalEurope, Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology, DirecTV, Disk image, Do it yourself, Dogmazic, Double Fine Productions, DVB-CPCM, DVD, DVD Copy Control Ass'n, Inc. v. Bunner, DVD Copy Control Ass'n, Inc. v. Kaleidescape, Inc., DVD Forum, DVD region code, Dynamite Entertainment, E-book, E-reader, Electric light, Electronic Arts, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Electronic publishing, Electronic waste, EMI, EMusic, Encryption, End-user license agreement, Engadget, EPUB, Ericsson, European Committee for Standardization, European Union, Fair dealing, Fair use, FairPlay, Federal Communications Commission, Federal Trade Commission, File sharing, First-sale doctrine, Floating licensing, Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure, Free Culture (book), Free market, Free Software Foundation, Free Software Foundation Europe, Gabe Newell, Game Developers Conference, Generation loss, Genetic use restriction technology, Geo-blocking, George Orwell, GNU General Public License, GOG.com, Google Play, Gowers Review of Intellectual Property, Hardware restriction, HD DVD, High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection, IBM, IEEE Spectrum, IFLA World Library and Information Congress, Illegal number, Image Comics, INDICARE, Industrial espionage, Industrial Property Digital Library, Information rights management, Inheritance, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Insufferable, Intel, Intellectual property, Internet, Intranet, IOS, IPod, ITunes, ITunes Store, Jeff Bezos, JManga, John Deere, John Walker (programmer), John Wiley & Sons, Jon Lech Johansen, Kazaa, Keurig, Key (cryptography), Keygen, Kickstarter, Kindle File Format, Knesset, Kno, Lawrence Lessig, LG Corporation, Library Genesis, Library.nu, License, License manager, Limitations and exceptions to copyright, Linux, Live at the Beacon Theater, Lossy compression, Louis C.K., Macintosh operating systems, Macworld, Maintenance (technical), Major League Baseball, Marlin (DRM), Mass Effect, Media consumption, Metadata, Microsoft, Microsoft PlaysForSure, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Word, Mike Masnick, Mininova, Mobile device, Mobipocket, Motion Picture Association of America, Motorola, MP3 Newswire, MP3 player, Napster (pay service), Netflix, Niels Ferguson, Nineteen Eighty-Four, O'Reilly Media, Obfuscation (software), ODRL, OMA DRM, Ombudsman, Online and offline, Online music store, Open IPTV Forum, Open Mobile Alliance, Open music model, Open Rights Group, OpenMG, Openwave, Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis, Orange S.A., Orphan work, Orwellian, OtherOS, Panasonic, Patch (computing), PC game, PC World, PDB (Palm OS), PDF, Personal computer, Philips, Pirate decryption, Pirate Party, Planned obsolescence, PlayStation Portable, Plug-in (computing), Pre-order, Princeton University, Private property, Product activation, Product key, Proprietary software, Protected Media Path, Public domain, QuickTime, RealNetworks, Inc. v. DVD Copy Control Ass'n, Inc., Recording Industry Association of America, Regional lockout, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Richard Stallman, Ripping, Rootkit, Ross J. Anderson, SafeDisc, Samsung, Samsung Electronics, SanDisk, SanDisk Sansa, Satellite television, Screen reader, Secure Digital, Secure Digital Music Initiative, Secure Electronic Delivery, Security hacker, SecuROM, Serial code, Serious Sam 3: BFE, Show business, Silent Hunter 5: Battle of the Atlantic, SimCity (2013 video game), Smart card, Smart contract, Smart cow problem, Social networking service, Software cracking, Software metering, Software protection dongle, SonicStage, Sony, Sony BMG, Sony BMG copy protection rootkit scandal, Sony Connect, Sony Mobile, Spore (2008 video game), Spotify, Stanford University, Steam (software), Steganography, Steve Jobs, Students for Free Culture, Subscription (finance), Superdistribution, Telefónica Europe, The Settlers 7: Paths to a Kingdom, The Sims 3, The Wall Street Journal, The Walt Disney Company, The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings, Time shifting, TiVo, Tivoization, Top Shelf Productions, Tor Books, Torrent file, Torrent poisoning, TorrentFreak, Toshiba, Tractor, Trade barrier, Tribunal de grande instance de Paris, Trusted Computing, Trusted Computing Group, Ubisoft, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, United States, United States courts of appeals, United States v. Elcom Ltd., Universal City Studios, Inc. v. Reimerdes, University, Upgrade, Uplay, Valve Corporation, Video card, Video game, Vimeo, Virtual data room, Vodafone, Voluntary collective licensing, Walmart, Warner Bros., Willms Buhse, Windows Media Audio, Windows Media DRM, Windows Vista, WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act, WIPO Copyright Treaty, WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, Wired (magazine), World Intellectual Property Organization, World Wide Web Consortium, XrML, Yahoo! Music, ZDNet, Zenescope Entertainment, Zune. Expand index (313 more) » « Shrink index
Abandonware is a product, typically software, ignored by its owner and manufacturer, and for which no support is available.
An AC adapter, AC/DC adapter, or AC/DC converter is a type of external power supply, often enclosed in a case similar to an AC plug.
In the fields of physical security and information security, access control (AC) is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource.
Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software and Web services developed by Adobe Systems to view, create, manipulate, print and manage files in Portable Document Format (PDF).
Adobe Digital Editions (abbreviated ADE) is an ebook reader software program from Adobe Systems, built initially (1.x version) using Adobe Flash.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
The Advanced Access Content System (AACS) is a standard for content distribution and digital rights management, intended to restrict access to and copying of the post-DVD generation of optical discs.
Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a proprietary audio coding standard for lossy digital audio compression.
Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
The Amazon Kindle is a series of e-readers designed and marketed by Amazon. Amazon Kindle devices enable users to browse, buy, download, and read e-books, newspapers, magazines and other digital media via wireless networking to the Kindle Store. The hardware platform, developed by Amazon subsidiary Lab126, began as a single device and now comprises a range of devices, including e-readers with E Ink electronic paper displays and Kindle applications on all major computing platforms. All Kindle devices integrate with Kindle Store content, and as of March 2018, the store has over six million e-books available in the United States.. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
The American Council of the Blind (ACB) is a nationwide organization in the United States.
The American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) is an American non-profit organization for people with vision loss.
The analog hole (also known as the analog loophole) is a fundamental and inevitable vulnerability in copy protection schemes for noninteractive works in digital formats which can be exploited to duplicate copy-protected works that are ultimately reproduced using analog means.
Analog recording (Greek, ana is "according to" and logos "relationship") is a technique used for the recording of analog signals which, among many possibilities, allows analog audio and analog video for later playback.
Andrew Gowers (born 1957) was appointed editor of the Financial Times in October 2001.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945.
Anti-competitive practices are business, government or religious practices that prevent or reduce competition in a market (see restraint of trade).
Apple Books (previously known as iBooks until 2018) is an e-book application by Apple Inc. for its iOS and macOS operating systems and devices.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
Artistic control or creative control is a term commonly used in media production, such as movies, television, and music production.
Arun Sundararajan (Tamil: அருண் சுந்தர்ராஜன்) (born in the United Kingdom) is the NEC Faculty Fellow, Professor of Information, Operations and Management Sciences and a Doctoral Coordinator at the Stern School of Business, New York University.
Assassin's Creed is a franchise centered on an action-adventure video game series developed by Ubisoft.
Assassin's Creed II is a 2009 action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.
Assistive technology is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities while also including the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.
The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an international learned society for computing.
All-Asian Satellite Television and Radio Operator (or better known as Astro) is a Malaysian direct broadcast satellite (DBS) Pay TV service.
AsusTek Computer Inc. (stylised as ASUSTeK or ΛSUS) is a Taiwanese multinational computer and phone hardware and electronics company headquartered in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan.
AT&T Mobility LLC, also known as AT&T Wireless marketed as simply AT&T, is a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T that provides wireless services to 138.8 million subscribers in the United States including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.
AutoCAD is a commercial computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting software application.
AutoRun and the companion feature AutoPlay are components of the Microsoft Windows operating system that dictate what actions the system takes when a drive is mounted.
AXMEDIS is a set of European Union digital content standards, initially created as a research project partially supported by the European Commission under the Information Society Technologies (IST DG-INFSO) programme of the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6).
Baen Books is an American publishing house for science fiction and fantasy.
Barnes & Noble, Inc., a Fortune 500 company, is the bookseller with the largest number of retail outlets in the United States, and a retailer of content, digital media, and educational products.
Basic Books is a book publisher founded in 1952 and located in New York, now an imprint of Hachette Books.
Beatport is an American electronic music-oriented online music store owned by LiveStyle.
Big Brother is a fictional character and symbol in George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.
BioShock is a first-person shooter video game developed by 2K Boston (later Irrational Games) and 2K Australia, and published by 2K Games.
Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. is an American video game developer and publisher based in Irvine, California, and is a subsidiary of the American company Activision Blizzard.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Bohemia Interactive is a video game development studio and publisher, based in Prague, Czech Republic.
Boing Boing is a website, first established as a zine in 1988, later becoming a group blog.
BookFinder.com is a vertical search website that helps readers buy books online.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
A broadcast flag is a set of status bits (or a "flag") sent in the data stream of a digital television program that indicates whether or not the data stream can be recorded, or if there are any restrictions on recorded content.
Broken Age is a point-and-click adventure video game developed and published by Double Fine Productions.
Bruce Schneier (born January 15, 1963, is an American cryptographer, computer security professional, privacy specialist and writer. He is the author of several books on general security topics, computer security and cryptography. Schneier is a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School, a program fellow at the New America Foundation's Open Technology Institute. He has been working for IBM since they acquired Resilient Systems where Schneier was CTO. He is also a contributing writer for The Guardian news organization.
CableCARD is a special-use PC Card device that allows consumers in the United States to view and record digital cable television channels on digital video recorders, personal computers and television sets on equipment such as a set-top box not provided by a cable television company.
Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare is a first-person shooter developed by Infinity Ward and published by Activision.
A CD player is an electronic device that plays audio compact discs, which are a digital optical disc data storage format.
CD Projekt S.A. is a Polish video game publisher and distributor based in Warsaw, founded in May 1994 by Marcin Iwiński and Michał Kiciński.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.
The Chaos Computer Club (CCC) is Europe's largest association of hackers with 7,700 registered members.
A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is a group of people who are represented collectively by a member of that group.
A closed platform, walled garden or closed ecosystem is a software system where the carrier or service provider has control over applications, content, and media, and restricts convenient access to non-approved applications or content.
Coffeemakers or coffee machines are cooking appliances used to brew coffee.
Iconology Inc., d/b/a ComiXology (styled comiXology), is a cloud-based digital distribution platform for comics, with over 200 million comic downloads as of September 2013.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Compact Disc Digital Audio (CDDA or CD-DA) is the standard format for audio compact discs.
Compliance and Robustness, sometimes abbreviated as C&R, refers to the legal structure or regime underlying a Digital Rights Management (DRM) system.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A concert film or concert movie, is a type of documentary film, the subject of which is an extended live performance or concert by either a musician or a stand-up comedian.
A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organizations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal.
Content management (CM) is a set of processes and technologies that supports the collection, managing, and publishing of information in any form or medium.
The Content Scramble System (CSS) is a digital rights management (DRM) and encryption system employed on many commercially produced DVD-Video discs.
Copy protection, also known as content protection, copy prevention and copy restriction, is any effort designed to prevent the reproduction of software, films, music, and other media, usually for copyright reasons.
Copyleft (a play on the word copyright) is the practice of offering people the right to freely distribute copies and modified versions of a work with the stipulation that the same rights be preserved in derivative works down the line.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
The Copyright Directive (officially the Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society, also known as the Information Society Directive or the InfoSoc Directive), is a directive of the European Union enacted to implement the WIPO Copyright Treaty and to harmonise aspects of copyright law across Europe, such as copyright exceptions. The directive was enacted under the internal market provisions of the Treaty of Rome. The directive was subject to unprecedented lobbying and has been cited as a success for copyright industries. The directive gives EU Member States significant freedom in certain aspects of transposition. Member States had until 22 December 2002 to implement the directive into their national laws. However, only Greece and Denmark met the deadline and the European Commission eventually initiated enforcement action against six Member States for non-implementation.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
The Copyright Act 1957 (as amended by the Copyright Amendment Act 2012) governs the subject of copyright law in India.
Cory Efram Doctorow (born July 17, 1971) is a Canadian-British on his wife, Alice Taylor's Twitter stream, 12 August 2011 blogger, journalist, and science fiction author who serves as co-editor of the blog Boing Boing.
Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.
Crippleware has been defined in realms of both software and hardware.
Abest d.o.o., doing business as Croteam, is a Croatian video game developer based in Zagreb.
Crowdfunding is the practice of funding a project or venture by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet.
Cryptanalysis (from the Greek kryptós, "hidden", and analýein, "to loosen" or "to untie") is the study of analyzing information systems in order to study the hidden aspects of the systems.
Cryptography or cryptology (from κρυπτός|translit.
Crysis Warhead is a first-person shooter video game developed by the studio Crytek Budapest in Hungary and published by Electronic Arts.
DADVSI (generally pronounced as dadsi) is the abbreviation of the French Loi sur le Droit d’Auteur et les Droits Voisins dans la Société de l’Information (in English: "law on authors' rights and related rights in the information society").
DeCSS was one of the first free computer programs capable of decrypting content on a commercially produced DVD video disc.
DEF CON (also written as DEFCON, Defcon, or DC) is one of the world's largest hacker conventions, held annually in Las Vegas, Nevada, with the first DEF CON taking place in June 1993.
Defective by Design is an anti-DRM initiative by the Free Software Foundation.
In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.
Deutsche Telekom AG (short form in writing only: DT) is a German telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn and by revenue the largest telecommunications provider in Europe.
Diablo III is a dungeon crawler action role-playing video game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment.
Diesel Sweeties is a webcomic and former newspaper comic strip written by Richard Stevens III (R Stevens).
The management of digital assets requires the unbroken maintenance of the ownership of a digitized object while permitting access to those who have obtained rights to that access.
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.
A digital watermark is a kind of marker covertly embedded in a noise-tolerant signal such as an audio, video or image data.
DIGITALEUROPE is the European organisation that represents the digital technology industry whose members include 61 major technology companies and 37 national trade associations.
Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology or "DG Connect" is a Directorate-General of the European Commission.
DirecTV (stylized as DIRECTV) is an American direct broadcast satellite service provider based in El Segundo, California and is a subsidiary of AT&T.
A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data storage device, such as a hard disk drive, tape drive, floppy disk, optical disc or USB flash drive.
"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.
Dogmazic is one of the primary free music download managers in France.
Double Fine Productions, Inc. is an American video game developer founded on June 30, 2000 by Tim Schafer after his departure from LucasArts.
DVB Content Protection & Copy Management often abbreviated to DVB-CPCM or CPCM is a digital rights management standard being developed by the DVB Project.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
DVD Copy Control Association, Inc.
DVD Copy Control Association, Inc.
The DVD Forum is an international organization composed of hardware, software, media and production companies that use and develop the DVD and formerly HD DVD formats.
DVD (digital versatile disc) region codes are a digital rights management technique designed to allow rights holders to control the international distribution of a DVD release, including its content, release date, and price, all according to the appropriate region.
Dynamite Entertainment is an American comic book publishing imprint of Dynamic Forces that primarily publishes adaptations of franchises from other media.
An electronic book (or e-book or eBook) is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.
An e-reader, also called an e-book reader or e-book device, is a mobile electronic device that is designed primarily for the purpose of reading digital e-books and periodicals.
An electric light is a device that produces visible light from electric current.
Electronic Arts Inc. (EA) is an American video game company headquartered in Redwood City, California.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California.
Electronic publishing (also referred to as e-publishing or digital publishing or online publishing) includes the digital publication of e-books, digital magazines, and the development of digital libraries and catalogues.
Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices.
EMI Group Limited (originally an initialism for Electric and Musical Industries and also referred to as EMI Records Ltd.) was a British multinational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London.
eMusic is an online music and audiobook store that operates by subscription.
In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.
In proprietary software, an end-user license agreement (EULA) or software license agreement is the contract between the licensor and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use the software.
Engadget is a multilingual technology blog network with daily coverage of gadgets and consumer electronics.
EPUB is an e-book file format with the extension.epub EPUB files can be read using complying software on devices like smartphones, tablets, computers, or e-readers.
Ericsson (Telefonaktiebolaget L. M. Ericsson) is a Swedish multinational networking and telecommunications company headquartered in Stockholm.
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN, Comité Européen de Normalisation) is a public standards organization whose mission is to foster the economy of the European Union (EU) in global trading, the welfare of European citizens and the environment by providing an efficient infrastructure to interested parties for the development, maintenance and distribution of coherent sets of standards and specifications.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Fair dealing is a limitation and exception to the exclusive right granted by copyright law to the author of a creative work.
Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.
FairPlay was a digital rights management (DRM) technology developed by Apple Inc. It is built into the MP4 multimedia file format as an encrypted AAC audio layer, and is used by the company to protect copyrighted works sold through iTunes Store, allowing only authorized devices to play the content.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.
The first-sale doctrine is a legal concept playing an important role in U.S. copyright and trademark law by limiting certain rights of a copyright or trademark owner.
Floating licensing is a software licensing approach in which a limited number of licenses for a software application are shared among a larger number of users over time.
The Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure (FFII) is a non-profit organisation based in Munich, Germany, dedicated to establishing a free market in information technology, by the removal of barriers to competition.
Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity (published in paperback as Free Culture: The Nature and Future of Creativity) is a 2004 book by law professor Lawrence Lessig that was released on the Internet under the Creative Commons Attribution/Non-commercial license on March 25, 2004.
In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
The Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE) was founded in 2001 to support all aspects of the free software movement in Europe.
Gabe Logan Newell (born), often nicknamed Gaben, is an American computer programmer and businessman best known as the co-founder of the video game development and digital distribution company Valve Corporation.
The Game Developers Conference (GDC) is the largest annual gathering of professional video game developers, focusing on learning, inspiration, and networking.
Generation loss is the loss of quality between subsequent copies or transcodes of data.
Genetic use restriction technology (GURT), colloquially known as terminator technology or suicide seeds, is the name given to proposed methods for restricting the use of genetically modified plants by causing second generation seeds to be sterile.
Geo-blocking or geoblocking is technology that restricts access to Internet content based upon the user's geographical location.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
GOG.com (formerly Good Old Games) is a digital distribution platform for video games and films.
Google Play (previously Android Market) is a digital distribution service operated and developed by Google.
The Gowers Review of Intellectual Property was an independent review of UK intellectual property (IP) focusing on UK copyright law that was published in December 2006.
A hardware restriction (sometimes called hardware DRM) is content protection enforced by electronic components.
HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.
High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) is a form of digital copy protection developed by Intel Corporation to prevent copying of digital audio & video content as it travels across connections.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IEEE Spectrum is a magazine edited by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
The IFLA World Library and Information Congress (WLIC) is an international event for the library and information services sector.
An illegal number is a number that represents information which is illegal to possess, utter, propagate, or otherwise transmit in some legal jurisdiction.
Image Comics is an American comic book publisher.
The overall goal of INDICARE (The INformed DIalogue about Consumer Acceptability of DRM Solutions in Europe) was to help to reconcile heterogeneous interests of multiple stakeholders, and to support the emergence of a common European position with regard to consumer and user issues of Digital Rights Management (DRM) solutions.
Industrial espionage, economic espionage, corporate spying or corporate espionage is a form of espionage conducted for commercial purposes instead of purely national security.
The Industrial Property Digital Library (IPDL) is a free online service for searching Japanese patents, patent applications, utility models, designs and trademarks.
Information rights management (IRM) is a subset of digital rights management (DRM), technologies that protect sensitive information from unauthorized access.
Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
Insufferable is an American comic book series written by Mark Waid and digitally published by Waid's Thrillbent label.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
An intranet is a private network accessible only to an organization's staff.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
The iPod is a line of portable media players and multi-purpose pocket computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Macintosh version of iTunes was released.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. It opened on April 28, 2003, and has been the largest music vendor in the United States since April 2008, and the largest music vendor in the world since February 2010.
Jeffrey Preston Bezos (born Jorgensen; January 12, 1964) is an American technology entrepreneur, investor, philanthropist, and the founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Amazon, the world's largest online retailer.
JManga was an American website and international online community focused on the promotion, distribution, and monetization of digital comics (specifically manga) as well as the development of other manga related services.
John Deere is the brand name of Deere & Company, an American corporation that manufactures agricultural, construction, and forestry machinery, diesel engines, drivetrains (axles, transmissions, gearboxes) used in heavy equipment, and lawn care equipment.
John Walker is a computer programmer, author and co-founder of the computer-aided design software company Autodesk.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Jon Lech Johansen (born November 18, 1983 in Harstad, Norway), also known as DVD Jon, is a Norwegian programmer who has worked on reverse engineering data formats.
Kazaa Media Desktop (once stylized as "KaZaA", but later usually written "Kazaa") started as a peer-to-peer file sharing application using the FastTrack protocol licensed by Joltid Ltd. and operated as Kazaa by Sharman Networks.
Keurig is a beverage brewing system for home and commercial use.
In cryptography, a key is a piece of information (a parameter) that determines the functional output of a cryptographic algorithm.
A key generator (key-gen) is a computer program that generates a product licensing key, such as a serial number, necessary to activate for use of a software application.
Kickstarter is an American public-benefit corporation based in Brooklyn, New York, that maintains a global crowdfunding platform focused on creativity and merchandising.
Kindle File Format is a proprietary e-book file format created by Amazon.com with the extension.azw that can be downloaded and read on devices like smartphones, tablets, computers, or e-readers that have Amazon's Kindle app.
The Knesset (הַכְּנֶסֶת; lit. "the gathering" or "assembly"; الكنيست) is the unicameral national legislature of Israel.
Kno, Inc. is a software company that works with publishers to offer digital textbooks and other educational materials.
Lester Lawrence "Larry" Lessig III (born June 3, 1961) is an American academic, attorney, and political activist.
LG Corporation (Korean: 주식회사 LG), formerly Lucky-GoldStar (Korean: Leogki Geumseong 럭키금성/樂喜金星), is a South Korean multinational conglomerate corporation.
Library Genesis or LibGen is a search engine for articles and books on various topics, which allows free access to content that is otherwise paywalled or not digitized elsewhere.
Library.nu, previously called ebooksclub.org from 2004 to 2007 and gigapedia.com from 2007 to 2010, was a popular linking website.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
A software license manager is a software management tool used by Independent software vendors or by end-user organizations to control where and how software products are able to run.
Limitations and exceptions to copyright are provisions, in local copyright law or Berne Convention, which allow for copyrighted works to be used without a license from the copyright owner.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Live at the Beacon Theater is the fourth full-length comedy special/concert film by comedian Louis C.K..
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
Louis A. Székely (born September 12, 1967), better known by his stage name Louis C.K., is an American stand-up comedian, writer, actor, and filmmaker.
The family of Macintosh operating systems developed by Apple Inc. includes the graphical user interface-based operating systems it has designed for use with its Macintosh series of personal computers since 1984, as well as the related system software it once created for compatible third-party systems.
Macworld is a web site dedicated to products and software of Apple Inc., published by Mac Publishing, which is headquartered in San Francisco, California.
The technical meaning of maintenance involves operational and functional checks, servicing, repairing or replacing of necessary devices, equipment, machinery, building infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, governmental, and residential installations.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Marlin is a DRM platform, created by an open-standards community initiative called the Marlin Developer Community (MDC).
Mass Effect is a science fiction action role-playing third-person shooter video game series developed by the Canadian company BioWare and released for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Microsoft Windows, with the third installment also released on the Wii U. The fourth game was released on Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One in March 2017.
Media consumption or media diet is the sum of information and entertainment media taken in by an individual or group.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft PlaysForSure was a certification given by Microsoft to portable devices and content services that had been tested against several hundred compatibility and performance requirements.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
Michael "Mike" Masnick (born December 8, 1974) is an American editor and entrepreneur.
Mininova was a website offering BitTorrent downloads.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
Mobipocket SA is a French company incorporated in March 2000 that created the.mobi e-book file format and produces the Mobipocket Reader software for mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDA) and desktop operating systems.
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is an American trade association representing the six major film studios of Hollywood.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Founded in 1998, the same year as MP3.com, MP3 Newswire is the oldest active news site devoted to digital media technology.
An MP3 player or Digital Audio Player is an electronic device that can play digital audio files.
Napster was an online music store and a Rhapsody company, branded under the purchased name and trademarks of former free file sharing service Napster.
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
Niels T. Ferguson (born 10 December 1965, Eindhoven) is a Dutch cryptographer and consultant who currently works for Microsoft.
Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell.
O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly that publishes books and Web sites and produces conferences on computer technology topics.
In software development, obfuscation is the deliberate act of creating source or machine code that is difficult for humans to understand.
The Open Digital Rights Language (ODRL) is a policy expression language that provides a flexible and interoperable information model, vocabulary, and encoding mechanisms for representing statements about the usage of content and services.
OMA DRM is a Digital Rights Management (DRM) system invented by the Open Mobile Alliance, whose members represent mobile phone manufacturers (e.g. Nokia, LG, Motorola, Samsung, Sony-Ericsson, BenQ-Siemens), mobile system manufacturers (e.g. Ericsson, Siemens, Openwave), mobile phone network operators (e.g. Vodafone, O2, Cingular, Deutsche Telekom, Orange), and information technology companies (e.g. Microsoft, IBM, Sun).
An ombudsman, ombud, or public advocate is an official who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints of maladministration or a violation of rights.
In computer technology and telecommunications, online indicates a state of connectivity, and offline indicates a disconnected state.
An online music store is an online business which sells audio files over the Internet, usually sound recordings of music songs or classical pieces, in which the user pays on a per-song or subscription basis.
The Open IPTV Forum (OIPF) was a non-profit consortium and standards organization focused on defining and publishing open for end-to-end Internet Protocol television (IPTV) services.
The Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) is a standards body which develops open standards for the mobile phone industry.
The open music model is an economic and technological framework for the recording industry based on research conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Open Rights Group (ORG) is a UK-based organisation that works to preserve digital rights and freedoms by campaigning on digital rights issues and by fostering a community of grassroots activists.
OpenMG is a SDMI-compliant digital rights management system by Sony.
Openwave (formerly software.com, phone.com, and Libris, Inc) has changed its name to Unwired Planet, and two of its former products have launched as private companies; Openwave Mobility and Openwave Messaging.
Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis is a tactical shooter and battlefield simulator video game developed by Bohemia Interactive Studio and published by Codemasters in 2001.
Orange S.A., formerly France Télécom S.A., is a French multinational telecommunications corporation.
An orphan work is a copyright protected work for which rightsholders are positively indeterminate or uncontactable.
"Orwellian" is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society.
OtherOS was a feature available in early versions of the PlayStation 3 video game console that allowed user installed software, such as Linux or FreeBSD, to run on the system.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
A patch is a set of changes to a computer program or its supporting data designed to update, fix, or improve it.
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
PC World, stylized PCWorld, is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG.
PDB is a container format for record databases in Palm OS, Garnet OS and Access Linux Platform.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
Pirate decryption most often refers to the decryption, or decoding, of pay TV or pay radio signals without permission from the original broadcaster.
Pirate Party is a label adopted by political parties in different countries.
Planned obsolescence, or built-in obsolescence, in industrial design and economics is a policy of planning or designing a product with an artificially limited useful life, so it will become obsolete (that is, unfashionable or no longer functional) after a certain period of time.
The PlayStation Portable (PSP) is a handheld game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
A pre-order is an order placed for an item that has not yet been released.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Private property is a legal designation for the ownership of property by non-governmental legal entities.
Product activation is a license validation procedure required by some proprietary computer software programs.
A product key, also known as a software key, is a specific software-based key for a computer program.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
The Protected Media Path is a set of technologies creating a "Protected Environment," first included in Microsoft's Windows Vista operating system, that is used to enforce digital rights management (or DRM) protections on content.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization that represents the recording industry in the United States.
A regional lockout (or region coding) is a class of digital rights management preventing the use of a certain product or service, such as multimedia or a hardware device, outside a certain region or territory.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, or RPI, is a private research university and space-grant institution located in Troy, New York, with two additional campuses in Hartford and Groton, Connecticut.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Ripping is extracting all or parts of digital contents from a container.
A root kit is a collection of computer software, typically malicious, designed to enable access to a computer or areas of its software that is not otherwise allowed (for example, to an unauthorized user) and often masks its existence or the existence of other software.
Ross John Anderson, FRS, FREng (born 15 September 1956) is a researcher, writer, and industry consultant in security engineering.
SafeDisc is a copy protection program for Microsoft Windows applications and games that are distributed on optical disc.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Korean: 삼성전자; Hanja: 三星電子 (Literally "tristar electronics")) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. Through having an extremely complicated ownership structure with some circular ownership, it is the flagship company of the Samsung Group, accounting for 70% of the group's revenue in 2012. Samsung Electronics has assembly plants and sales networks in 80 countries and employs around 308,745 people. It is the world's largest information technology company, consumer electronics maker and chipmaker by revenue. As of October 2017, Samsung Electronics' market cap stood at US$372.0 billion. Samsung has long been a major manufacturer of electronic components such as lithium-ion batteries, semiconductors, chips, flash memory and hard drive devices for clients such as Apple, Sony, HTC and Nokia. It is the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones and smartphones, started with the original Samsung Solstice and later fueled by the popularity of its Samsung Galaxy line of devices. The company is also a major vendor of tablet computers, particularly its Android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab collection, and is generally regarded as pioneering the phablet market through the Samsung Galaxy Note family of devices. Samsung has been the world's largest television manufacturer since 2006, and the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones since 2011. It is also the world's largest memory chips manufacturer. In July 2017, Samsung Electronics overtook Intel as the largest semiconductor chip maker in the world. Samsung, like many other South Korean family-run chaebols, has been criticized for low dividend payouts and other governance practices that favor controlling shareholders at the expense of ordinary investors. In 2012, Kwon Oh-hyun was appointed the company's CEO but announced in October 2017 that he would resign in March 2018, citing an "unprecedented crisis".
SanDisk is a manufacturer of flash memory products, including memory cards and readers, USB flash drives, and solid state drives.
The SanDisk Sansa is a line of 2- to 32-gigabyte flash memory-based portable media players produced by SanDisk.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
A screen reader is a form of assistive technology (AT) which is essential to people who are blind, as well as useful to people who are visually impaired, illiterate, or have a learning disability.
Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.
Secure Digital Music Initiative (SDMI) was a forum formed in late 1998,Leonardo Chiariglione: chiariglione.org, 2003 composed of more than 200 IT, consumer electronics, security technology, ISP and recording industry companies, as well as Authors, Composers and Publishers Right holders (represented by CISAC and BIEM representatives, mainly from SGAE/SDAE, GEMA, SACEM/SDRM, MCPS/PRS, ASCAP, BMI, SODRAC), ostensibly with the purpose of developing technology and rights management systems specifications that will protect once developed and installed, the playing, storing, distributing and performing of digital music.
Secure Electronic Delivery (SED) is a service created in 2003 and provided by the British Library Document Supply Service (BLDSS).
A security hacker is someone who seeks to breach defenses and exploit weaknesses in a computer system or network.
SecuROM is a CD/DVD copy protection and digital rights management (DRM) product developed by Sony DADC.
A serial code is a unique identifier assigned incrementally or sequentially to an item.
Serious Sam 3: BFE is a first-person shooter video game developed by Croatia-based indie development studio Croteam and published by Devolver Digital.
Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz or showbiz (since 1945), is a vernacular term for all aspects of the entertainment industry.
Silent Hunter 5: Battle of the Atlantic is a submarine simulator for Microsoft Windows developed by Ubisoft Bucharest and published by Ubisoft.
SimCity is a city-building and urban planning simulation massively multiplayer online game developed by Maxis, a subsidiary of Electronic Arts.
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card that has embedded integrated circuits.
A smart contract is a computer protocol intended to digitally facilitate, verify, or enforce the negotiation or performance of a contract.
The smart cow problem is the concept that, when a group of individuals is faced with a technically difficult task, only one of their members has to solve it.
A social networking service (also social networking site, SNS or social media) is a web application that people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.
Software cracking (known as "breaking" in the 1980s) is the modification of software to remove or disable features which are considered undesirable by the person cracking the software, especially copy protection features (including protection against the manipulation of software, serial number, hardware key, date checks and disc check) or software annoyances like nag screens and adware.
Software metering refers to several areas.
A software protection dongle (commonly known as a dongle or key) is an electronic copy protection and content protection device which, when attached to a computer or other electronic appliance, unlocks software functionality or decodes content.
SonicStage is the name for Sony software that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Microsoft Windows.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sony BMG Music Entertainment was a multinational record label, which was a 50–50 joint venture between the Sony Corporation of America and Bertelsmann Music Group.
A scandal erupted in 2005 regarding Sony BMG's implementation of deceptive, illegal, and harmful copy protection measures on about 22 million CDs.
Sony Connect was the name for a series of related products by Sony for marketing content online.
Sony Mobile Communications Inc. is a multinational telecommunications company founded on October 1, 2001 as a joint venture between Sony and Ericsson, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan and wholly owned by Sony.
Spore is a 2008 life simulation real-time strategy single-player sandbox god game developed by Maxis and designed by Will Wright, released for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. Covering many genres including action, real-time strategy, and role-playing games, Spore allows a player to control the development of a species from its beginnings as a microscopic organism, through development as an intelligent and social creature, to interstellar exploration as a spacefaring culture.
Spotify Technology SA is a Swedish entertainment company founded by Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Steam is a digital distribution platform developed by Valve Corporation, which offers digital rights management (DRM), multiplayer gaming, video streaming and social networking services.
Steganography is the practice of concealing a file, message, image, or video within another file, message, image, or video.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Students for Free Culture, formerly known as FreeCulture.org, is an international student organization working to promote free culture ideals, such as cultural participation and access to information.
Subscription refers to the process of investors signing up and committing to invest in a financial instrument, before the actual closing of the purchase.
Superdistribution is an approach to distributing digital products such as software, videos, and recorded music in which the products are made publicly available and distributed in encrypted form instead of being sold in retail outlets or online shops.
Telefónica Europe plc was a European broadband and telecommunications company that traded as O2 (typeset as O2).
The Settlers 7: Paths to a Kingdom is a real-time strategy and city-building video game developed by Blue Byte and published by Ubisoft.
The Sims 3 is the third major title in the life simulation video game developed by The Sims Studio (Maxis) and published by Electronic Arts.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings (Wiedźmin 2: Zabójcy królów) is an action role-playing hack and slash video game developed by CD Projekt Red for Microsoft Windows, Xbox 360, OS X, and Linux.
In broadcasting, time shifting is the recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to after the live broadcasting.
TiVo is a digital video recorder (DVR) developed and marketed by TiVo Corporation and introduced in 1999.
Tivoization is the creation of a system that incorporates software under the terms of a copyleft software license (like the GPL), but uses hardware restrictions to prevent users from running modified versions of the software on that hardware.
Top Shelf Productions is an American publishing company founded in 1997, originally owned and operated by Chris Staros and Brett Warnock and a small staff.
Tor Books is the primary imprint of Tom Doherty Associates, a publishing company based in New York City.
In the BitTorrent file distribution system, a torrent file is a computer file that contains metadata about files and folders to be distributed, and usually also a list of the network locations of trackers, which are computers that help participants in the system find each other and form efficient distribution groups called swarms.
Torrent poisoning is intentionally sharing corrupt data or data with misleading file names using the BitTorrent protocol.
TorrentFreak (abbreviated TF) is a blog dedicated to reporting the latest news and trends on the BitTorrent protocol and file sharing, as well as on copyright infringement and digital rights.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver at a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction.
Trade barriers are government-induced restrictions on international trade.
The Tribunal de grande instance de Paris (abbreviated TGI; in English: High Court of Paris), located at the Palais de Justice in Paris, in l’Île de la Cité (city center), is the largest court in France by the number of cases.
Trusted Computing (TC) is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group.
The Trusted Computing Group is a group formed by AMD, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Intel and Microsoft to implement Trusted Computing concepts across personal computers.
Ubisoft Entertainment SA (formerly Ubi Soft Entertainment SA) is a French video game publisher headquartered in Montreuil.
The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a specification that defines a software interface between an operating system and platform firmware.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system.
United States v. ElcomSoft and Dmitry Sklyarov was a 2001–2002 criminal case in which Dmitry Sklyarov and his employer ElcomSoft were charged with alleged violation of the DMCA.
Universal City Studios, Inc.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
Upgrading is the process of replacing a product with a newer version of the same product.
Uplay is a digital distribution, digital rights management, multiplayer and communications service developed by Massive Entertainment to provide an experience similar to the achievements/trophies offered by various other game companies.
Valve Corporation is an American video game developer and digital distribution company headquartered in Bellevue, Washington.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Vimeo is a video-sharing website in which users can upload, share and view videos.
A virtual data room (sometimes called a VDR or Deal Room) is an online repository of information that is used for the storing and distribution of documents.
Vodafone Group plc is a British multinational telecommunications conglomerate, with headquarters in London.
Voluntary collective licensing is an alternative approach to solve the problem of software piracy using file sharing technologies.
Walmart Inc. (formerly branded as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.) is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores.
Willms Buhse (born 3 November 1970 in Langenhagen, West Germany) is a German business executive, author, speaker and consultant based in Hamburg.
Windows Media Audio (WMA) is the name of a series of audio codecs and their corresponding audio coding formats developed by Microsoft.
Windows Media DRM or WMDRM, is a Digital Rights Management service for the Windows Media platform.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
The WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act, is a part of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), a 1998 U.S. law.
The World Intellectual Property Organization Copyright Treaty (WIPO Copyright Treaty or WCT) is an international treaty on copyright law adopted by the member states of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1996.
The WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (or WPPT) is an international treaty signed by the member states of the World Intellectual Property Organization was adopted in Geneva on 20 December 1996.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN).
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
XrML is the eXtensible Rights Markup Language which has also been standardized as the Rights Expression Language (REL) for MPEG-21.
Yahoo! Music, owned by Yahoo!, is the provider of a variety of music services, including Internet radio, music videos, news, artist information, and original programming.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
Zenescope Entertainment is a comic book and graphic novel publisher headquartered in Horsham, Pennsylvania, co-founded by Joe Brusha and Ralph Tedesco in 2005.
Zune is a discontinued brand of digital media products and services marketed by Microsoft.
Alternatives to digital rights management, Breaking DRM, Copyright-control technology, DRM Law, DRM Laws, DRM protection, DRM-Free, DRM-free, DRM-protected, Digital Consumer Enablement, Digital Restriction Management, Digital Restriction Manager, Digital Restrictions Malware, Digital Restrictions Management, Digital Restrictions Mechanisms, Digital Rights Management, Digital Rights Management (DRM), Digital Rights Managements, Digital Rights/Restrictions Management, Digital handcuffs, Digital restriction management, Digital restrictions management, Digital right management, Digital rights managements, Digital rights manangement, Digital-rights management, Downloading ebook, E-DRM, Ebook downloading, European DRM and privacy, Handcuffware, Opposition to digital rights management, Rights management, Stealing ebooks, Technical protection measures, Technological protection measures.