126 relations: Ampex, Analog signal, Apple Inc., Asynchronous serial communication, AVCHD, Betacam, Betamax, Bit rate, Blu-ray, Broadcasting, Camcorder, Chroma subsampling, Color depth, Component video, Composite video, Computer data storage, Constant bitrate, D-1 (Sony), D-2 (video), D-3 (video), D-VHS, D5 HD, Data compression, DCT (videocassette format), Desktop computer, Digital audio, Digital cinematography, Digital component video, Digital data, Digital image, Digital television, Digital Video Broadcasting, Digital video effect, Digital Visual Interface, Digital-S, Digital8, DisplayPort, DV, DVD, Electronic field production, End user, Ethernet, Fernseh, Filename extension, Film, Film frame, Film stock, Flash memory, Frame rate, Generation loss, ..., H.261, H.263, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Hard disk drive, HDCAM, HDMI, HDV, High-definition television, High-definition video, High-speed camera, IEEE 1394, Index of video-related articles, Interlaced video, Internet, Internet Protocol, JPEG, LaserDisc, MicroMV, Mobile phone, Moving Picture Experts Group, MPEG transport stream, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, NEC, Network Device Interface, Non-linear editing system, NTSC, Online video platform, PAL, Peer-to-peer, Pixel, Progressive scan, ProHD, Pulse-code modulation, Quadruplex videotape, QuickTime, RCA, Real-time Transport Protocol, Rec. 601, Research and development, Robert Bosch GmbH, S-VHS, Serial digital interface, Smart TV, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Sony, Sound recording and reproduction, Standard-definition television, Streaming media, Television, Television network, Television show, Television studio, Theora, Thomson-CSF, Time base correction, Type B videotape, Type C videotape, Uncompressed video, Unified Display Interface, USB, User Datagram Protocol, Variable bitrate, Video, Video CD, Video editing software, Video production, Video quality, Video tape recorder, Videotelephony, Webcam, YPbPr, 16 mm film, 35 mm film, 8 mm video format. Expand index (76 more) » « Shrink index
Ampex is an American electronics company founded in 1944 by Alexander M. Poniatoff.
An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Asynchronous serial communication is a form of serial communication in which the communicating endpoints' interfaces are not continuously synchronized by a common clock signal.
AVCHD (Advanced Video Coding High Definition) is a file-based format for the digital recording and playback of high-definition video.
Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videocassette products developed by Sony in 1982.
Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.
Chroma subsampling is the practice of encoding images by implementing less resolution for chroma information than for luma information, taking advantage of the human visual system's lower acuity for color differences than for luminance.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
Component video is a video signal that has been split into two or more component channels.
Composite video (one channel) is an analog video transmission (without audio) that carries standard definition video typically at 480i or 576i resolution.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
Constant bitrate (CBR) is a term used in telecommunications, relating to the quality of service.
D-1 or 4:2:2 Component Digital is a SMPTE digital recording video standard, introduced in 1986 through efforts by SMPTE engineering committees.
D-2 is a professional digital videocassette format created by Ampex and introduced at the 1988 NAB (National Association of Broadcasters) convention as a composite video alternative to the component video D-1 format.
D-3 is an uncompressed composite digital video videocassette format invented at NHK, and introduced commercially by Panasonic in 1991 to compete with Ampex's D-2.
D-VHS is a digital video recording format developed by JVC, in collaboration with Hitachi, Matsushita, and Philips.
D-5 is a professional digital video format introduced by Panasonic in 1994.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
DCT is a digital recording component video videocassette format developed and introduced by Ampex in 1992.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
Digital audio is audio, or simply sound, signal that has been recorded as or converted into digital form, where the sound wave of the audio signal is encoded as numerical samples in continuous sequence, typically at CD audio quality which is 16 bit sample depth over 44.1 thousand samples per second.
Digital cinematography is the process of capturing (recording) a motion picture using digital image sensors rather than through film stock.
Digital component video is defined by ITU-R BT.601 (formerly CCIR 601) standard and uses the Y'CbCr colorspace.
Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.
Digital Video Effects, commonly called DVEs, are visual effects that provide comprehensive video image manipulation, in the same form as optical printer effects in film.
Digital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG).
D-9 or Digital-S as it was originally known, is a professional digital video videocassette format created by JVC in 1995.
Digital8 (or Di8) is an obsolete consumer digital recording videocassette for camcorders based on the 8 mm video format developed by Sony, and introduced in 1999.
DisplayPort (DP) is a digital display interface developed by a consortium of PC and chip manufacturers and standardized by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA).
DV is a format for storing digital video.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
Electronic field production (EFP) is a television industry term referring to a video production which takes place in the field, outside of a formal television studio, in a practical location or special venue.
In product development, an end user (sometimes end-user) is a person who ultimately uses or is intended to ultimately use a product.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
The Fernseh AG television company was registered in Berlin on July 3, 1929 by John Logie Baird, Robert Bosch and other partners with an initial capital of 100,000 Reichsmark.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
In filmmaking, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
Generation loss is the loss of quality between subsequent copies or transcodes of data.
H.261 is an ITU-T video compression standard, first ratified in November 1988.
H.263 is a video compression standard originally designed as a low-bit-rate compressed format for videoconferencing.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
HDCAM, introduced in 1997, is a high-definition video digital recording videocassette version of digital Betacam, using an 8-bit discrete cosine transform (DCT) compressed 3:1:1 recording, in 1080i-compatible down-sampled resolution of 1440×1080, and adding 24p and 23.976 progressive segmented frame (PsF) modes to later models.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
HDV is a format for recording of high-definition video on DV cassette tape.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
High-definition video is video of higher resolution and quality than standard-definition.
A high-speed camera is a device capable of capturing moving images with exposures of less than 1/1,000 second or frame rates in excess of 250 frames per second.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
The following is a list of video-related topics.
Interlaced video is a technique for doubling the perceived frame rate of a video display without consuming extra bandwidth.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
MicroMV is a proprietary videotape format introduced in October 2001 by Sony.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MPEG transport stream (transport stream, MPEG-TS, MTS or TS) is a standard digital container format for transmission and storage of audio, video, and Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP) data.
MPEG-1 is a standard for lossy compression of video and audio.
MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Network Device Interface (NDI) is a royalty free standard developed by NewTek to enable video-compatible products to communicate, deliver, and receive broadcast quality video in a high quality, low latency manner that is frame-accurate and suitable for switching in a live production environment.
Non-destructive editing is a form of audio, video or image editing where the original content is not modified in the course of editing, instead the edits are specified and modified by specialized software.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
An online video platform (OVP), provided by a video hosting service, enables users to upload, convert, store and play back video content on the Internet, often via a structured, large-scale system that can generate revenue.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
Progressive scanning (alternatively referred to as noninterlaced scanning) is a way of displaying, storing, or transmitting moving images in which all the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence.
ProHD is a name used by JVC for its MPEG-2-based professional camcorders.
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
2-inch quadruplex video tape (also called 2″ quad, or just quad, for short) was the first practical and commercially successful analog recording video tape format.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
The RCA Corporation was a major American electronics company, which was founded as the Radio Corporation of America in 1919.
The Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) is a network protocol for delivering audio and video over IP networks.
ITU-R Recommendation BT.601, more commonly known by the abbreviations Rec.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Robert Bosch GmbH, or Bosch, is a German multinational engineering and electronics company headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.
, the common initialism for Super VHS, is an improved version of the VHS standard for consumer-level video recording.
Serial digital interface (SDI) is a family of digital video interfaces first standardized by SMPTE (The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) in 1989.
A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, is a television set with integrated Internet and interactive "Web 2.0" features.
The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (rarely), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high- or enhanced-definition.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
A television network is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, whereby a central operation provides programming to many television stations or pay television providers.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
A television studio, also called a television production studio, is an installation room in which video productions take place, either for the recording of live television to video tape, or for the acquisition of raw footage for post-production.
Theora is a free lossy video compression format.
Thomson-CSF was a major electronics and defence contractor.
Time base correction is a technique to reduce or eliminate errors caused by mechanical instability present in analog recordings on mechanical media.
1 inch type B VTR (designated Type B by SMPTE) is a reel-to-reel analog recording video tape format developed by the Bosch Fernseh division of Bosch in Germany in 1976.
1 inch Type C (designated Type C by SMPTE) is a professional reel-to-reel analog recording helical scan videotape format co-developed and introduced by Ampex and Sony in 1976.
Uncompressed video is digital video that either has never been compressed or was generated by decompressing previously compressed digital video.
Unified Display Interface (UDI) was a digital video interface specification based on Digital Visual Interface (DVI).
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
In computer networking, the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is one of the core members of the Internet protocol suite.
Variable bitrate (VBR) is a term used in telecommunications and computing that relates to the bitrate used in sound or video encoding.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc digital video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard optical discs.
Video editing software is an application program which handles the post-production video editing of digital video sequences on a computer non-linear editing system (NLE).
Video production is the process of producing video content.
Video quality is a characteristic of a video passed through a video transmission/processing system, a formal or informal measure of perceived video degradation (typically, compared to the original video).
A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
Videotelephony comprises the technologies for the reception and transmission of audio-video signals by users at different locations, for communication between people in real-time.
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.
YPbPr or Y'PbPr, also written as, is a color space used in video electronics, in particular in reference to component video cables.
16 mm film is a historically popular and economical gauge of film.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).
The 8mm video format refers informally to three related videocassette formats for the NTSC and PAL/SECAM television systems.