34 relations: Aide-mémoire, Chargé d'affaires, China, Chinese Eastern Railway, Continuum International Publishing Group, Countersign (legal), Démarche, Demise of the Crown, Emperor of Austria, Exequatur, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Full Powers, German language, Head of state, Illeism, Klemens von Metternich, L. F. L. Oppenheim, Latin, Letters patent, Lingua franca, List of British monarchs, List of monarchs of Luxembourg, Monarch, Plausible deniability, Proposals for concerted operation among the powers at war with the Pyratical states of Barbary, Republic, Salutation, Seal (emblem), Soviet Union, Thomas Jefferson, Treaty, United States, United States Department of State, Valediction.
In international relations, an aide-mémoire (memory aid) is a proposed agreement or negotiating text circulated informally among delegations for discussion without committing the originating delegation's country to the contents.
A chargé d'affaires, often shortened to chargé (French) and sometimes to charge-D (abbreviated in colloquial English), is a diplomat who heads an embassy in the absence of the ambassador.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Chinese Eastern Railway or CER,, Dōngqīng Tiělù; Китайско-Восточная железная дорога or КВЖД, Kitaysko-Vostochnaya Zheleznaya Doroga or KVZhD), also known as the Chinese Far East Railway and North Manchuria Railway, is the historical name for a railway across Manchuria (northeastern China).
Continuum International Publishing Group was an academic publisher of books with editorial offices in London and New York City.
Countersigning means writing a second signature onto a document.
A démarche (from the French word whose literal meaning is "gait") has come to refer either to.
The demise of the Crown is the legal term for the end of a reign by a king, queen regnant, or emperor, whether by death or abdication.
The Emperor of Austria (German: Kaiser von Österreich) was the ruler of the Austrian Empire and later the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
An exequatur is a legal document issued by a sovereign authority that permits the exercise or enforcement of a right within the jurisdiction of the authority.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
Full Powers is a term in international law and is the authority of a person to sign a treaty or convention on behalf of a sovereign state.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
Illeism (from Latin ille meaning "he, that") is the act of referring to oneself in the third person instead of first person.
Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Prince von Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein (15 May 1773 – 11 June 1859) was an Austrian diplomat and statesman who was one of the most important of his era, serving as the Austrian Empire's Foreign Minister from 1809 and Chancellor from 1821 until the liberal revolutions of 1848 forced his resignation.
Lassa Francis Lawrence Oppenheim (March 30, 1858 – October 7, 1919) was a renowned German jurist.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
There have been 12 monarchs of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom (see Monarchy of the United Kingdom) since the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707.
The territory of Luxembourg was ruled successively by counts, dukes and grand dukes.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
Plausible deniability is the ability of people (typically senior officials in a formal or informal chain of command) to deny knowledge of or responsibility for any damnable actions committed by others in an organizational hierarchy because of a lack of evidence that can confirm their participation, even if they were personally involved in or at least willfully ignorant of the actions.
"Proposals for concerted operation among the powers at war with the Pyratical states of Barbary" was the title of an identic note written by Thomas Jefferson in 1786, when he was the American ambassador to France.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
A salutation is a greeting used in a letter or other written or non-written communication.
A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
A valediction (derivation from Latin vale dicere, "to say farewell"), or complimentary close in American English, is an expression used to say farewell, especially a word or phrase used to end a letter or message, or the act of saying parting words whether brief or extensive.
Diplomatic note, Diplomatic protest, Identic note, Identic notes, Letter of Credence, Letter of Diplomatic Protest, Letter of Protest, Letter of Recall, Letter of protest, Letter of recall, Letter to recall, Letters of Credence, Letters of Diplomatic Protest, Letters of Protest, Letters of Recall, Letters of credence, Letters of diplomatic Protest, Letters of diplomatic protest, Letters of protest.