224 relations: Aerial bomb, Afrika Korps, Aichi D1A, Aichi D3A, Air brake (aeronautics), Air Ministry, Airco DH.5, Aircraft carrier, Aircraft flight control system, Allies of World War II, Anti-aircraft warfare, Armistice, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Autocannon, Avro 504, Avro Lancaster, Axis powers, Azon, B. H. Liddell Hart, Barnes Wallis, Battle of Britain, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of France, Battle of Kursk, Battle of Midway, Battle of Sedan (1940), Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of the Philippine Sea, Billy Mitchell, Biplane, BK 3,7, Blackburn Skua, Blitzkrieg, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Bombardier (aircrew), Bomber, Bombsight, Breda Ba.65, Bridge, Bristol Blenheim, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Burma Campaign, California Institute of Technology, Charters Towers, Colombo, Combat air patrol, Condor Legion, Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, Curtiss Falcon, Curtiss JN-4, ..., Curtiss P-36 Hawk, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Curtiss P-6 Hawk, Curtiss SB2C Helldiver, Curtiss SBC Helldiver, Daimler-Benz DB 601, Descent (aeronautics), Dive bomber, Dive brake, Douglas A-20 Havoc, Douglas SBD Dauntless, Douglas TBD Devastator, Drag (physics), Duncan Grinnell-Milne, Eagle Squadrons, Eastern Fleet, Ernst Heinkel, Ernst Udet, Erwin Rommel, Essex-class aircraft carrier, Fairey Albacore, Fairey Barracuda, Fairey Battle, Fairey Fulmar, Fairey Swordfish, Fighter aircraft, Fighter-bomber, Fleet Air Arm, Ford Island, Francisco Franco, French aircraft carrier Béarn, Friedrichshafen, Fritz X, German battleship Tirpitz, German cruiser Königsberg, German submarine U-752, German submarine U-755, Glide bomb, Gloster Gladiator, Grand Slam (bomb), Gravity, Grumman F3F, Grumman F4F Wildcat, Grumman F6F Hellcat, Gull wing, Gun pod, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Handley Page Type O, Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Hawker Henley, Hawker Hurricane, Hawker Typhoon, Heinkel He 177, Heinkel He 50, Heinz Guderian, Henry Tizard, Hermann Göring, High level bombing, High Velocity Aircraft Rocket, HMS Centurion (1911), HMS Furious (47), HMS Glorious, HMS Victorious (R38), Ilyushin Il-2, Imperial Japanese Navy, Indian Air Force, Invasion of Poland, J. F. C. Fuller, Japanese aircraft carrier Akagi, Japanese aircraft carrier Hiryū, Japanese aircraft carrier Kaga, Japanese aircraft carrier Sōryū, Japanese aircraft carrier Shōkaku, Jet engine, Junkers Ju 87, Junkers Ju 88, Junkers K 47, Kamikaze, Kronstadt, Lake Constance, Landing gear, Light bomber, Lockheed Hudson, Luftwaffe, M1919 Browning machine gun, Machine gun, Marine Corps Air Station Ewa, Mark IV tank, Martin B-26 Marauder, Martin NBS-1, MG 151 cannon, MG 17 machine gun, Military Cross, Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany), Mitsubishi A5M, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Nazi Party, Normandy landings, North American A-36 Apache, North American P-51 Mustang, Norwegian Campaign, Nuclear weapon, Oise (river), Operation Barbarossa, Operation Kutuzov, Operation Tungsten, Orford Ness, Panzer, Parabolic trajectory, Pearl Harbor, Petlyakov Pe-2, Precision-guided munition, RAF Coastal Command, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Royal Air Force, Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Navy, Royal Tank Regiment, RP-3, Russian battleship Petropavlovsk (1911), Salmson 2, Salmson 4, Schiffer Publishing, Ship, Shot put, Skip bombing, SMS Ostfriesland, Sopwith Camel, Sopwith Salamander, Sopwith Snipe, Sopwith Tabloid, Sortie, Strafing, Supermarine Spitfire, Tactical bombing, Tailplane, Tallboy (bomb), Toss bombing, Trajectory, Trigonometry, United States Army, United States Army Air Corps, United States Army Air Forces, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, United States occupation of Haiti, United States occupation of Nicaragua, Ural bomber, USS Alabama (BB-8), USS New Jersey (BB-16), USS Virginia (BB-13), USS Yorktown (CV-5), Viaduct, Vickers, Vickers machine gun, Vultee A-31 Vengeance, Wehrmacht, Western Front (World War I), Wheeler Army Airfield, William Henry Brown (aviator), William Lucy, William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim, World War I, World War II, Yakovlev Yak-1, Yakovlev Yak-3, Yokosuka D4Y, Zeppelin, 1936 Summer Olympics, 806 Naval Air Squadron. Expand index (174 more) » « Shrink index
An aerial bomb is a type of explosive or incendiary weapon intended to travel through the air on a predictable trajectory, usually designed to be dropped from an aircraft.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
The Aichi D1A or Navy Type 94/96 Carrier Bomber (Allied reporting name "Susie") was a Japanese carrier-based dive bomber of the 1930s.
The Aichi D3A Type 99 Carrier Bomber (Allied reporting name "Val") is a World War II carrier-borne dive bomber.
In aeronautics, air brakes or speed brakes are a type of flight control surfaces used on an aircraft to increase drag or increase the angle of approach during landing.
The Air Ministry was a department of the Government of the United Kingdom with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964.
The Airco DH.5 was a British First World War single-seat fighter aircraft designed to replace the obsolete Airco DH.2.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
An autocannon or automatic cannon is a large, fully automatic, rapid-fire projectile weapon that fires armour-piercing or explosive shells, as opposed to the bullet fired by a machine gun.
The Avro 504 was a First World War biplane aircraft made by the Avro aircraft company and under licence by others.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
AZON (or Azon), from "''az''imuth only", was one of the world's first guided weapons, deployed by the Allies and contemporary with the German Fritz X. Officially designated VB-1 ("Vertical Bomb 1"), it was invented by Major Henry J. Rand and Thomas J. O'Donnell during the latter stages of World War II as the answer to the difficult problem of destroying the narrow wooden bridges that supported much of the Burma Railway.
Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart (31 October 1895 – 29 January 1970), commonly known throughout most of his career as Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, was a British soldier, military historian and military theorist.
Sir Barnes Neville Wallis (26 September 1887 – 30 October 1979), was an English scientist, engineer and inventor.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Kursk was a Second World War engagement between German and Soviet forces on the Eastern Front near Kursk (south-west of Moscow) in the Soviet Union, during July and August 1943.
The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June 1942, only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The Battle of Sedan or Second Battle of Sedan (12–15 May 1940)Frieser 2005, p. 196.
The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.
The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19–20, 1944) was a major naval battle of World War II that eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy's ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions.
William Lendrum Mitchell (December 29, 1879 – February 19, 1936) was a United States Army general who is regarded as the father of the United States Air Force.
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
The Bordkanone 3,7 (BK 3,7) (on-board cannon 3.7) was a anti-tank/bomber autocannon based on the earlier Flak 18 made by Rheinmetall.
The Blackburn B-24 Skua was a carrier-based low-wing, two-seater, single-radial engine aircraft operated by the British Fleet Air Arm which combined the functions of a dive bomber and fighter.
Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
A bombardier or bomb aimer is the crew member of a bomber aircraft responsible for the targeting of aerial bombs.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
A bombsight is a device used by military aircraft to accurately drop bombs.
The Breda Ba.65 was an Italian all-metal single-engine, low-wing monoplane used by Aviazione Legionaria during the Spanish Civil War and Regia Aeronautica in the first part of World War II.
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.
The Bristol Blenheim is a British light bomber aircraft designed and built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company (Bristol) which was used extensively in the first two years and in some cases throughout the Second World War.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
The Burma Campaign was a series of battles fought in the British colony of Burma, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, primarily between the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the invading forces of Imperial Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Charters Towers is a town in northern Queensland, Australia.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.
The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company was an American aircraft manufacturer formed in 1916 by Glenn Hammond Curtiss.
The Curtiss Falcon was a family of military biplane aircraft built by the American aircraft manufacturer Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company during the 1920s.
The Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" was one of a series of "JN" biplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York, later the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.
The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75, is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s.
The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.
The Curtiss P-6 Hawk is an American single-engine biplane fighter introduced into service in the late 1920s with the United States Army Air Corps and operated until the late 1930s prior to the outbreak of World War II.
The Curtiss SB2C Helldiver is a carrier-based dive bomber aircraft produced for the United States Navy during World War II.
The Curtiss SBC Helldiver was a two-seat scout bomber and dive bomber built by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation.
The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II.
A descent during air travel is any portion where an aircraft decreases altitude, and is the opposite of an ascent or climb.
A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops.
Dive brakes or dive flaps are deployed to slow down an aircraft when in a dive.
The Douglas A-20 Havoc (company designation DB-7) is a United States attack, light bomber, intruder, and reconnaissance aircraft of World War II.
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was a World War II American naval scout plane and dive bomber that was manufactured by Douglas Aircraft from 1940 through 1944.
The Douglas TBD Devastator was an American torpedo bomber of the United States Navy.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
Captain Duncan William Grinnell-Milne (1896–1973) was an English First World War pilot credited with six confirmed aerial victories, a prisoner of war who escaped from German captivity, a flying ace, and an author.
The Eagle Squadrons were three fighter squadrons of the Royal Air Force (RAF), formed with volunteer pilots from the United States during the early days of World War II (circa 1940), prior to America's entry into the war in December 1941.
The British Eastern Fleet (also known after 1944 as the East Indies Fleet and the Far East Fleet) was a fleet of the Royal Navy which existed between 1941 and 1971.
Ernst Udet (26 April 1896 – 17 November 1941) was a German pilot and air force general during World War II.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
The Essex class was a class of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy that constituted the 20th century's most numerous class of capital ships.
The Fairey Albacore was a British single-engine carrier-borne biplane torpedo bomber built by Fairey Aviation between 1939 and 1943 for the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm and used during the Second World War.
The Fairey Barracuda was a British carrier-borne torpedo and dive bomber used during the Second World War, the first of its type used by the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm to be fabricated entirely from metal.
The Fairey Battle was a British single-engine light bomber designed and manufactured by the Fairey Aviation Company.
The Fairey Fulmar was a British carrier-borne fighter aircraft that served with the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) during the Second World War.
The Fairey Swordfish was a biplane torpedo bomber designed by the Fairey Aviation Company.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
Ford Island (PokaAilana) is an islet in the center of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Béarn was a French aircraft carrier.
Friedrichshafen is an industrial city on the northern shoreline of Lake Constance (the Bodensee) in Southern Germany, near the borders of both Switzerland and Austria.
Fritz X was the most common name for a German guided anti-ship glide bomb used during World War II.
Tirpitz was the second of two s built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine (navy) during World War II.
Königsberg was a German light cruiser that was operated between 1929 and April 1940, including service in World War II.
German submarine U-752 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.
U-755 was a German Type VIIC submarine U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II.
A glide bomb or stand-off bomb is a standoff weapon with flight control surfaces to give it a flatter, gliding flight path than that of a conventional bomb without such surfaces.
The Gloster Gladiator (or Gloster SS.37) is a British-built biplane fighter.
The Grand Slam was a earthquake bomb used by RAF Bomber Command against strategic targets during the Second World War.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
The Grumman F3F was the last American biplane fighter aircraft delivered to the United States Navy (indeed, the last biplane fighter delivered to any American military air arm), and served between the wars.
The Grumman F4F Wildcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft that began service with both the United States Navy and the British Royal Navy in 1940, where it was initially known by the latter as the Martlet.
The Grumman F6F Hellcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft of World War II.
The gull wing is an aircraft wing configuration with a prominent bend in the wing inner section towards the wing root.
A gun pod is a detachable pod or pack containing machine guns or automatic cannon and ancillaries, mounted externally on a vehicle such as a military aircraft which may or may not also have its own guns.
Halifax, officially known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
The Handley Page Type O was a biplane bomber used by Britain during the First World War.
Hans-Ulrich Rudel (2 July 1916 – 18 December 1982) was a German ground-attack pilot during World War II.
The Hawker Henley was a British two-seat target tug derived from the Hawker Hurricane that was operated by the RAF during the Second World War.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.
The Heinkel He 177 Greif ("Griffin") was a large, long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The Heinkel He 50 was a German World War II-era dive bomber, originally designed for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 – 14 May 1954) was a German general during the Nazi era.
Sir Henry Thomas Tizard (23 August 1885 – 9 October 1959) was an English chemist, inventor and Rector of Imperial College, who developed the modern "octane rating" used to classify petrol, helped develop radar in World War II, and led the first serious studies of UFOs.
Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering;; 12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German political and military leader as well as one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.
High level bombing (also called high-altitude bombing) is a tactic of dropping bombs from bomber aircraft in level flight at high altitude.
The High Velocity Aircraft Rocket, or HVAR, also known by the nickname Holy Moses, was an American unguided rocket developed during World War II to attack targets on the ground from aircraft.
HMS Centurion was the second of four dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in the early 1910s.
HMS Furious was a modified built for the Royal Navy (RN) during the First World War.
HMS Glorious was the second of the three s built for the Royal Navy during the First World War.
HMS Victorious, ordered under the 1936 Naval Programme, was the third ''Illustrious''-class aircraft carrier after Illustrious and Formidable.
The Ilyushin Il-2 (Cyrillic: Илью́шин Ил-2) Shturmovik (Cyrillic: Штурмови́к, Shturmovík) was a ground-attack aircraft produced by the Soviet Union in large numbers during the Second World War.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
The Indian Air Force (IAF; IAST: Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the Indian armed forces.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
Major-General John Frederick Charles "Boney" Fuller, CB, CBE, DSO (1 September 1878 – 10 February 1966) was a senior British Army officer, military historian, and strategist, notable as an early theorist of modern armoured warfare, including categorizing principles of warfare.
Akagi (Japanese: 赤城 "Red Castle") was an aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), named after Mount Akagi in present-day Gunma Prefecture.
was an aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the 1930s.
was an aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and was named after the former Kaga Province in present-day Ishikawa Prefecture.
was an aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the mid-1930s.
Shōkaku (翔鶴, "Soaring Crane") was an aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy, the lead ship of her class.
A jet engine is a type of reaction engine discharging a fast-moving jet that generates thrust by jet propulsion.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.
The Junkers K 47 was a fighter developed in Sweden by the Swedish subsidiary of the German firm Junkers during the late 1920s, a civil development of which was designated the A 48.
, officially, were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who initiated suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than possible with conventional air attacks.
Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (Krone for "crown" and Stadt for "city"; Kroonlinn), is a municipal town in Kronshtadtsky District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located on Kotlin Island, west of Saint Petersburg proper near the head of the Gulf of Finland.
Lake Constance (Bodensee) is a lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps, and consists of three bodies of water: the Obersee or Upper Lake Constance, the Untersee or Lower Lake Constance, and a connecting stretch of the Rhine, called the Seerhein.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
A light bomber is a relatively small and fast type of military bomber aircraft that was primarily employed before the 1950s.
The Lockheed Hudson was an American-built light bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft built initially for the Royal Air Force shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War and primarily operated by the RAF thereafter.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The M1919 Browning is a.30 caliber medium machine gun that was widely used during the 20th century, especially during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Marine Corps Air Station Ewa (MCAS Ewa) was a United States Marine Corps air station that was located west of Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii.
The Mark IV (pronounced Mark Four) was a British tank of the First World War.
The Martin B-26 Marauder was an American World War II twin-engined medium bomber built by the Glenn L. Martin Company in Middle River, Maryland (just east of Baltimore) from 1941 to 1945.
The Martin NBS-1 was a military aircraft of the United States Army Air Service and its successor, the Air Corps.
The MG 151 (MG 151/15) was a 15 mm aircraft-mounted autocannon produced by Waffenfabrik Mauser during World War II.
The MG 17 was a 7.92 mm machine gun produced by Rheinmetall-Borsig for use at fixed mountings in many World War II Luftwaffe aircraft, typically as forward-firing offensive armament.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938 The Ministry of Aviation (Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933–45).
The Mitsubishi A5M, formal Japanese Navy designation Mitsubishi Navy Type 96 Carrier-based Fighter (九六式艦上戦闘機), experimental Navy designation Mitsubishi Navy Experimental 9-Shi Carrier Fighter, company designation Mitsubishi Ka-14, was a Japanese carrier-based fighter aircraft.
The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
The North American A-36 Apache (listed in some sources as "Invader", but also called Mustang) was the ground-attack/dive bomber version of the North American P-51 Mustang, from which it could be distinguished by the presence of rectangular, slatted dive brakes above and below the wings.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was fought in Norway between Norway, the Allies and Germany in World War II after the latter's invasion of the country.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
The Oise is a river of Belgium and France, flowing for from its source in the Belgian province of Hainaut, south of Chimay.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Kutuzov was the first of the two counteroffensives launched by the Red Army as part of the Kursk Strategic Offensive Operation.
Operation Tungsten was a Second World War Royal Navy air raid that targeted the German battleship ''Tirpitz''.
Orford Ness is a cuspate foreland shingle spit on the Suffolk coast in Great Britain, linked to the mainland at Aldeburgh and stretching along the coast to Orford and down to North Weir Point, opposite Shingle Street.
The word Panzer is a German word that means "armour" or specifically, "tank".
In astrodynamics or celestial mechanics a parabolic trajectory is a Kepler orbit with the eccentricity equal to 1.
Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu.
The Petlyakov Pe-2 (Петляков Пе-2) was a Soviet light bomber used during World War II.
A precision-guided munition (PGM, smart weapon, smart munition, smart bomb) is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target, to minimize collateral damage and increase lethality against intended targets.
RAF Coastal Command was a formation within the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt was a World War II era fighter aircraft produced by the United States from 1941 through 1945.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was a British single-engine tractor two-seat biplane designed and developed by the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 was a British biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Tank Regiment (RTR) is the oldest tank unit in the world, being formed by the British Army in 1916 during the Great War.
The RP-3 (from Rocket Projectile 3 inch) was a British rocket projectile used during and after the Second World War.
The Russian battleship Petropavlovsk (Петропавловск) was the third of the four dreadnoughts built before World War I for the Imperial Russian Navy, the first Russian class of dreadnoughts.
The Salmson 2, (given the military designation Salmson 2.A2) was a French biplane reconnaissance aircraft made by Salmson.
The Salmson 4 AB.2, or SAL-4 AB.2 (AB.2 - Reconnaissance Bomber two-seat) was a two-seat bomber designed and built in France during the closing stages of World War I.
Schiffer Publishing Ltd. (also known as Schiffer Military History) is a family-owned publisher of nonfiction books.
A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways, carrying passengers or goods, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research and fishing.
The shot put (pronounced) is a track and field event involving "throwing"/"putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy spherical object—the shot—as far as possible.
Skip bombing was a low-level bombing technique independently developed by several of the combatant nations in World War II, notably Australia, Britain, and the United States.
SMS Ostfriesland was the second vessel of the of battleships of the Imperial German Navy.
The Sopwith Camel was a British First World War single-seat biplane fighter aircraft introduced on the Western Front in 1917.
The Sopwith TF.2 Salamander was a British ground-attack aircraft of the First World War designed by the Sopwith Aviation Company which first flew in April 1918.
The Sopwith 7F.1 Snipe was a British single-seat biplane fighter of the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Sopwith Tabloid and Sopwith Schneider were British biplanes, originally designed as sports aircraft and later adapted for military use.
A sortie (from the French word meaning ''exit'') is a deployment or dispatch of one military unit, be it an aircraft, ship, or troops, from a strongpoint.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
Tactical bombing is aerial bombing aimed at targets of immediate military value, such as combatants, military installations, or military equipment.
A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.
Tallboy, or Bomb, Medium Capacity, 12,000 lb, was an earthquake bomb developed by the British aeronautical engineer Barnes Wallis and used by the RAF during the Second World War.
Toss bombing (sometimes known as loft bombing, and by the U.S. Air Force as the Low Altitude Bombing System, LABS) is a method of bombing where the attacking aircraft pulls upward when releasing its bomb load, giving the bomb additional time of flight by starting its ballistic path with an upward vector.
A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.
Trigonometry (from Greek trigōnon, "triangle" and metron, "measure") is a branch of mathematics that studies relationships involving lengths and angles of triangles.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America between 1926 and 1941.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States occupation of Haiti began on July 28, 1915, when 330 US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on the authority of US President Woodrow Wilson.
The United States occupation of Nicaragua from 1912 to 1933 was part of the Banana Wars, when the US military forcefully intervened in various Latin American countries from 1898 to 1934.
The Ural bomber was the initial aircraft design program/competition to develop a long-range bomber for the Luftwaffe, created and led by General Walther Wever in the early 1930s.
USS Alabama (BB-8) was an pre-dreadnought battleship built for the United States Navy.
USS New Jersey (BB-16) was the fourth of five s of the United States Navy, and the first ship to carry her name.
USS Virginia (BB-13) was a United States Navy pre-dreadnought battleship, the lead ship of her class.
USS Yorktown (CV-5) was an aircraft carrier commissioned in the United States Navy from 1937 until she was sunk at the Battle of Midway in June 1942.
A viaduct is a bridge composed of several small spans for crossing a valley, dry or wetland, or forming an overpass or flyover.
Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
The Vultee A-31 Vengeance was an American dive bomber of World War II, built by Vultee Aircraft.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Wheeler Army Airfield, also known as Wheeler Field and formerly as Wheeler Air Force Base, is a United States Army post located in the City & County of Honolulu and in the Wahiawa District of the Island of O'ahu, Hawaii.
Lieutenant William Henry Brown was a Canadian World War I flying ace credited with nine aerial victories.
William Lucy (1594–1677) was an English clergyman.
Field Marshal William Joseph Slim, 1st Viscount Slim, (6 August 1891 – 14 December 1970), usually known as Bill Slim, was a British military commander and the 13th Governor-General of Australia.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yakovlev Yak-1 (Яковлев Як-1) was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.
The Yakovlev Yak-3 (Russian: Я́ковлев Як-3) was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.
The D4Y Navy Carrier dive bomber was operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy.
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.
806 Naval Air Squadron (806 NAS) was a fighter squadron in the Fleet Air Arm that existed from February 1940 to December 1960 and saw active service in the Norwegian campaign, the Dunkirk evacuation and the Malta Convoys.