333 relations: Adel Tankova, Aerospace manufacturer, Agricultural machinery, Alexander Pol, Alfred Nobel University, Amur-Nyzhnodniprovskyi District, Anarchism, Anton Denikin, Armed Forces of Ukraine, Arms industry, Artem Dolgopyat, Association football, ATB-Market, Aviatorske, Azov Governorate, Azov Upland, Žilina, Baku, Ballistic missile, Bandy, Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, Basketball, Battle of the Dnieper, BBC News, Belarusians, Black Sea, Bolsheviks, Boris Sagal, Borys Filatov, Business oligarch, Byzantine Empire, Cambridge University Press, Capital city, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Cast iron, Catherine of Alexandria, Catherine the Great, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Central Council of Ukraine, Chechelivskyi District, China, City, City council, City of regional significance (Ukraine), Closed city, Communism, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Communist Party of Ukraine, Computer scientist, Constitutional Court of Ukraine, ..., Copyright, Cossacks, Crimean journey of Catherine the Great, Crimean Khanate, Dalian, David Nachmansohn, Decommunization in Ukraine, Directorate of Ukraine, Dmytro Yavornytsky, Dmytro Yavornytsky National Historical Museum of Dnipro, Dnepropetrovsk maniacs, Dnieper, Dnieper Lowland, Dnieper Rapids, Dnieper Upland, Dnipro (bandy), Dnipro Metro, Dnipro Raion, Dnipro-Arena, Dniproavia, Dnipropetrovsk International Airport, Dnipropetrovsk National University of Rail Transport, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs, Donetsk, Eastern Europe, Eastern European Summer Time, Eastern European Time, Eastern Front (World War II), Ekaterinoslav Bolshevik uprising, England national football team, English language, Espreso TV, Euromaidan, Evapotranspiration, FC Dnipro, February Revolution, Federalism, Figure skating, Ganja, Azerbaijan, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Gennadiy Bogolyubov, Golden Rose Synagogue, Dnipro, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Gregor Piatigorsky, Grigory Petrovsky, Grigory Potemkin, Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan, Hangzhou, Helen Gerardia, Helena Blavatsky, Herzliya, Hetman, Holodomor, Humid continental climate, Humid subtropical climate, Hydrofoil, Igor Morozov (singer), Igor Olshansky, Ihor Kolomoyskyi, Ilya Kabakov, Industrialnyi District, Dnipro, Inessa Kravets, Inna Ryzhykh, Interfax-Ukraine, Interkosmos, International Association of Universities, Interpipe Group, Israel, Ivan Kulichenko, Ivan Sulyma, Ivano-Frankivsk, Javelin throw, Jews, John Hughes (businessman), Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, Joseph Stalin, Kamianske, Katherine Esau, Köppen climate classification, KGB, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khrennikov House, Khrushchyovka, Kiev, Kodak Fortress, Kokhav Nolad, Konstantin Lopushansky, Kosmos (rocket family), Kryvyi Rih, Kyrylo Fesenko, Leonid Brezhnev, Leonid Kogan, Leonid Kuchma, Leonid Levin, Linor Goralik, List of mayors and political chiefs of the Dnipro city administration, List of people killed during Euromaidan, List of Russian rulers, List of statues of Vladimir Lenin, List of Ukrainian bandy champions, Lithuania, Local government in Ukraine, Logic, Lviv, Machine (mechanical), Management, Marharyta Dorozhon, Marina Maximilian Blumin, Marshrutka, Masterok, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Merefa-Kherson bridge, Meteor Stadium, Mikhail Lomonosov, Mikhail Yangel, Minibus, Ministry of Defence (Russia), Minsk, Missile, Moldova, Moscow, Moscow Kursky railway station, Moses Schönfinkel, National Basketball Association, National Football League, National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, National Mining University of Ukraine, Nazi Germany, Nestor Makhno, NEWSru, Nikita Khrushchev, Nogais, Novokodatskyi District, Novorossiya, Novorossiya (confederation), Novorossiya Governorate, Nuclear power, Oblast, Odessa, Oksana Baiul, Oleg Tsaryov, Oleh Tverdokhlib, Oleksandr Vilkul, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Olesya Povh, Operation Barbarossa, Ottoman Empire, Panorama, Party of Regions, Paul I of Russia, Pavlo Lazarenko, Pavlo Skoropadskyi, People's Deputy of Ukraine, Perestroika, Petro Poroshenko, Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity", Petrykivka Raion, Plattenbau, Ploiești, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Population decline, Postal code, President of Crimea, President of Ukraine, Prime Minister of Ukraine, Prisoner of war, Privat Group, PrivatBank, Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Pyotr Wrangel, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Raion, Red Army, Romania, Ruble, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Empire, Russians, Russo-Japanese War, Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774), Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792), Saint Peter, Saint Petersburg, Samara River (Dnieper), Samarskyi District, Sea of Azov, Separatism, Sergei Prokofiev, Serial killer, Shevchenkivskyi District, Dnipro, Simferopol, Sister city, Slovakia, Smithsonian Institution, Sobornyi District, Dnipro, Soviet space program, Soviet Union, Sputnik 1, St. Peter's Basilica, Symon Petliura, Szczecin, Taras Shevchenko, Tashkent, Tatars, Tatiana Volosozhar, The Ukrainian Week, The Ukrainian Weekly, Theosophical Society, Thessaloniki, Tractor, Transfiguration Cathedral, Dnipro, Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, Treaty of Perpetual Peace (1686), Treaty of the Pruth, Trolleybus, Truce of Andrusovo, Truskavets, Tsentralnyi District, Dnipro, Tsyklon-2, Tsyklon-3, Turkey, UEFA, UEFA Europa League, Ukraine, Ukraine national football team, Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation, Ukrainian Census (2001), Ukrainian hryvnia, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate, Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2014, Ukrainian People's Republic, Ukrainian Premier League, Ukrainian presidential election, 2010, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukrainians, Ukrainization, Ukrayinska Pravda, Ukrinform, UKROP, Uzbekistan, Valery Chkalov, Varna, Verkhovna Rada, Victor Kravchenko (defector), Victor Pinchuk, Viktor Chebrikov, Viktor Petrov, Viktor Yanukovych, Vilnius, Vitebsky railway station, Volodymyr Kubiyovych, Volunteer Army, Voronezh, Vsevolod Garshin, War in Donbass, Wild Fields, World War II, Xi'an, Yad Vashem, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Yekaterinoslav Viceroyalty, Yerevan, Yulia Tymoshenko, Yuriy Meshkov, Yuzhmash, Yuzhnoye Design Office, Zaporizhia, Zaporizhia (region), Zaporizhian Sich, Zaporozhian Cossacks, Zaporozhian Host, Zenit (rocket family), 1905 Russian Revolution, 1994 Winter Olympics, 2010 FIFA World Cup, 2012 Dnipropetrovsk explosions, 2014 Euromaidan regional state administration occupations, 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, 2014 Ukrainian revolution, 2014 Winter Olympics. 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Adel Tankova (born 22 May 2000) is an Israeli Olympic figure skater.
An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, or spacecraft.
Agricultural machinery is machinery used in farming or other agriculture.
Alexander Pol (Олександр Миколайович Поль; 20 August 1832 – 26 July 1890) was a Ukrainian archaeologist, geologist, ethnographer and businessman who became known after discovering Kryvbas, a major iron ore region of Eastern Europe.
Alfred Nobel University, Ukraine (Університет імені Альфреда Нобеля) is a higher educational institution with the IV level of accreditation.
Amur-Nyzhnodniprovskyi District (Амур-Нижньодніпровський район; sometimes abbreviated as "AND") is an urban district of the city of Dnipro, in southern Ukraine.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Anton Ivanovich Denikin (p; 8 August 1947) was a Russian Lieutenant General in the Imperial Russian Army (1916) and afterwards a leading general of the White movement in the Russian Civil War.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine (Збройні сили України (ЗСУ) Zbroyni Syly Ukrayiny, (ZSU)) is the military of Ukraine.
The arms industry, also known as the defense industry or the arms trade, is a global industry responsible for the manufacturing and sales of weapons and military technology.
Artem Dolgopyat (ארטיום דולגופיאט; born June 16, 1997) is an Israeli artistic gymnast.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
ATB-Market LLC (АТБ-Маркет) is one of the leading retail trade companies in Ukraine.
Aviatorśke (Авіаторське) or Aviatorskoye (Авиаторское) is an urban-type settlement and part of Novooleksandrivka in Dnipro Municipality within Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine.
Azov Governorate (Азовская губерния, Azovskaya guberniya) was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Russian Empire, which existed from 1775 until 1783.
Azov Upland is a plateau or range of hills in East Ukraine within the Donetsk and Zaporizhia oblasts.
Žilina (Sillein, or; Zsolna; Żylina, names in other languages) is a city in north-western Slovakia, around from the capital Bratislava, close to both the Czech and Polish borders.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
A ballistic missile follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target.
Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.
The Papal Basilica of St.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Battle of the Dnieper was a military campaign that took place in 1943 on the Eastern Front of World War II.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belarusians (беларусы, biełarusy, or Byelorussians (from the Byelorussian SSR), are an East Slavic ethnic group who are native to modern-day Belarus and the immediate region. There are over 9.5 million people who proclaim Belarusian ethnicity worldwide, with the overwhelming majority residing either in Belarus or the adjacent countries where they are an autochthonous minority.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Boris Sagal (October 18, 1923 – May 22, 1981) was a Ukrainian-American television and film director.
Borys Albertovich Filatov (Борис Альбертович Філатов; born 7 March 1972 in Dnipropetrovsk) is a Ukrainian politician, journalist, lawyer, businessman, and the current Mayor of Dnipro.
The term business oligarch is almost a synonym of the term business magnate, borrowed by the English-speaking and western media from post-Soviet parlance to label those businessmen who quickly acquired huge wealth in post-Soviet states (mostly Russia and Ukraine) during the privatization in Russia and in other post-Soviet states in the 1990s.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) is a foreign-policy think tank with centers in Washington D.C., Moscow, Beirut, Beijing, Brussels, and New Delhi.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
Saint Catherine of Alexandria, or Saint Catharine of Alexandria, also known as Saint Catherine of the Wheel and The Great Martyr Saint Catherine (Ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ Ⲕⲁⲧⲧⲣⲓⲛ, ἡ Ἁγία Αἰκατερίνη ἡ Μεγαλομάρτυς – translation: Holy Catherine the Great Martyr) is, according to tradition, a Christian saint and virgin, who was martyred in the early 4th century at the hands of the pagan emperor Maxentius.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was de jure the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) between Party Congresses.
The Central Council of Ukraine (Українська Центральна Рада, Ukrains’ka Tsentral’na rada) (also called the Tsentralna Rada or the Central Rada) was the All-Ukrainian council that united the political, public, cultural and professional organizations of the Ukrainian People's Republic.
Chechelivskyi District is an urban district of the city of Dnipro, in southern Ukraine.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A city is a large human settlement.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
City of regional significance is a city municipality that is designated as a separate district within its region (i.e. oblast, Crimea).
A closed city or closed town is a settlement where travel or residency restrictions are applied so that specific authorization is required to visit or remain overnight.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
The Communist Party of Ukraine (Комуністична партія України, Komunistychna Partiya Ukrayiny, KPU) is a political party founded in 1993 as the successor to the Soviet-era Communist Party of Ukraine, which was banned in 1991 and again in 2015.
A computer scientist is a person who has acquired the knowledge of computer science, the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their application.
The Constitutional Court of Ukraine (Конституційний Суд України) is the sole body of constitutional jurisdiction in Ukraine.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Cossacks (козаки́, translit, kozaky, казакi, kozacy, Czecho-Slovak: kozáci, kozákok Pronunciations.
The Crimean journey of Catherine the Great (Путешествие Екатерины II в Крым, also known as Таврический вояж (Taurida Voyage) at the time) was a six-month (January 2, 1787 — July 11, 1787) inspection trip of Catherine II of Russia to the newly acquired lands of New Russia and Crimea, gained as a result of the victorious wars against the Ottoman Empire (1735–39 and 1768–74) and peace treaties with the Cossack Hetmanate followed by the forced liquidation of free Zaporizhian Sich.
The Crimean Khanate (Mongolian: Крымын ханлиг; Crimean Tatar / Ottoman Turkish: Къырым Ханлыгъы, Qırım Hanlığı, rtl or Къырым Юрту, Qırım Yurtu, rtl; Крымское ханство, Krymskoje hanstvo; Кримське ханство, Krymśke chanstvo; Chanat Krymski) was a Turkic vassal state of the Ottoman Empire from 1478 to 1774, the longest-lived of the Turkic khanates that succeeded the empire of the Golden Horde.
Dalian is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning Province, China.
David Nachmansohn (17 March 1899 – 2 November 1983) was a German-Jewish biochemist responsible for elucidating the role of phosphocreatine in energy production in the muscles, and the role of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in nerve stimulation.
In April 2015, a formal decommunization process started in Ukraine after laws were approved which, among other acts, outlawed communist symbols.
The Directorate, or Directory (Dyrektoriya) was a provisional collegiate revolutionary state committee of the Ukrainian People's Republic, initially formed on November 13–14, 1918 during a session of the Ukrainian National Union in rebellion against Skoropadsky's regime.
Dmytro Ivanovych Yavornytsky or Dmitry Ivanovich Yavornitsky (Дмитро́ Іва́нович Яворни́цький, Дмитрий Иванович Яворницкий) (November 6, 1855, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire – August 5, 1940, Dnipropetrovsk, Soviet Union) was a Russian, Ukrainian and Soviet academician, historian, archeologist, ethnographer, folklorist, and lexicographer.
Dmytro Yavornytsky National Historical Museum of Dnipro is a museum, established in Dnipro (Ukraine) in 1848 by Andriy Fabr, local governor.
The Dnepropetrovsk maniacs (Дніпропетровські маніяки, Днепропетровские маньяки) are Ukrainian serial killers responsible for a string of murders in Dnipropetrovsk in June and July 2007.
The Dnieper River, known in Russian as: Dnepr, and in Ukrainian as Dnipro is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising near Smolensk, Russia and flowing through Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.
Dnieper Lowland is a major geographic feature of the Central Ukraine region and the East European Plain.
The Dnieper Rapids (Дніпрові пороги, Dniprovi porohy) are the historic rapids on the Dnieper river composed of outcrops of granites, gneisses and other basement rocks of the Ukrainian Shield.
The Dnieper Upland or Cisdnieper Upland (Придніпровська височина) is a southeastern European plain occupying the territory between the Dnieper and the Southern Bug.
Dnipro (Ukrainian: "Дніпро") is a bandy club from Dnipro in Ukraine.
The Dnipro Metro (Дніпровський метрополітен; Днепровский метрополитен) is a single-line metro system that serves the city of Dnipro, the fourth largest city in Ukraine by population.
Dnipro Raion (Дніпровський район), until 2016 Dnipropetrovsk Raion (Дніпропетровський район) is a raion (district) of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, southeastern-central Ukraine.
The Dnipro-Arena (Дніпро-Арена) is a football stadium in Dnipro, Ukraine.
Dniproavia (Дніпроавіа) is an airline headquartered at Dnipro International Airport in Dnipro, Ukraine, operating scheduled and chartered passenger flights.
Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after academician V. Lazaryan (DIIT) (Ukrainian: Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені В. Лазаряна) is a higher educational institution of the 4th (maximum) level of state accreditation in Ukraine.
Dnipropetrovsk Oblast (Дніпропетро́вська о́бласть, Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast or Дніпропетровщина, Dnipropetrovshchyna, Днепропетро́вская о́бласть) is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country.
The Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs (DDUVS) is a university of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, located in the city of Dnipro.
Donetsk (Донецьк; Доне́цк; former names: Aleksandrovka, Hughesovka, Yuzovka, Stalino (see also: cities' alternative names)) is an industrial city in Ukraine on the Kalmius River.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.
Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The 1918 Ekaterinoslav uprising (Катеринославське збройне повстання) was a Bolshevik-led uprising in Ekaterinoslav (modern Dnipro) on January 9-11, 1918 that later was supported by the Yegorov's Red Guards of Soviet expeditionary group and grew into open intervention in the Ukrainian internal affairs and war against the Central Council of Ukraine.
The England national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Espreso TV (Еспресо TV) is an Internet television station in Ukraine that started to operate in November 2013.
Euromaidan (Євромайдан, Евромайдан,, literally "Euro Square") was a wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, which began on the night of 21 November 2013 with public protests in Maidan Nezalezhnosti ("Independence Square") in Kiev.
Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land and ocean surface to the atmosphere.
Football Club Dnipro (Футбо́льний Клуб «Дніпро́») is a Ukrainian professional football club based in Dnipro.
The February Revolution (p), known in Soviet historiography as the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution, was the first of two revolutions which took place in Russia in 1917.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, duos, or groups perform on figure skates on ice.
Ganja (Gəncə) is Azerbaijan's second largest city, with a population of around 331,400.
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was an office of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) that by the late 1920s had evolved into the most powerful of the Central Committee's various secretaries.
Gennadiy Bogolyubov (born 1961/1962) is a London-based Ukrainian billionaire businessman, and controls Privat Group, along with Ihor Kolomoyskyi and Oleksiy Martynov.
The Golden Rose Synagogue (Дніпровська Хоральна Синагога «Золота Роза») is a synagogue on Kotsyubinskiy Street/Sholom Aleichem street in Dnipro, Ukraine.
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century up to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and Austria.
Gregor Piatigorsky (Russian: Григо́рий Па́влович Пятиго́рский, Grigoriy Pavlovich Pyatigorskiy; August 6, 1976) was a Ukrainian-born American cellist.
Grigory Ivanovich Petrovsky (Григо́рий Ива́нович Петро́вский, Григорій Іванович Петровський Hryhoriy Ivanovych Petrovsky) (3 February 1878 - 9 January 1958) was a Ukrainian Soviet politician.
Prince Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin-Tavricheski (Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин-Таври́ческий; r Grigoriy Aleksandrovich Potyomkin-Tavricheskiy; A number of dates as late as 1742 have been found on record; the veracity of any one is unlikely to be proved. This is his "official" birth-date as given on his tombstone. –) was a Russian military leader, statesman, nobleman and favourite of Catherine the Great.
Guillaume Levasseur de Beauplan (c. 1600 – 6 December 1673) or William le Vasseur de Beauplan was a French-Polish cartographer, engineer and architect.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
Helen Gerardia (1903-1988) was a Russian-born American painter.
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (Еле́на Петро́вна Блава́тская, Yelena Petrovna Blavatskaya; 8 May 1891) was a Russian occultist, philosopher, and author who co-founded the Theosophical Society in 1875.
Herzliya (הֶרְצְלִיָּה; هرتسيليا) is an affluent city in the central coast of Israel, at the Northern part of the Tel Aviv District known for its robust start-up and entrepreneurial culture.
reason (translit; hejtman; hatman) is a political title from Central and Eastern Europe, historically assigned to military commanders.
The Holodomor (Голодомо́р); (derived from морити голодом, "to kill by starvation"), also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and—before the widespread use of the term "Holodomor", and sometimes currently—also referred to as the Great Famine, and The Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–33—was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians that was part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932–33, which affected the major grain-producing areas of the country.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
A hydrofoil is a lifting surface, or foil, that operates in water.
Igor Morozov (born 1948) is a Russian-Ukrainian opera singer (baritone) (in Russian: Игорь Анатолевич Морозов) Igor Morozov was born in Dnipropetrovsk in the Ukraine and started singing while still a child with professional orchestras.
Igor Olshansky (born May 3, 1982) is a Ukrainian-born former American football defensive end in the National Football League (NFL).
Ihor Valeriyovych Kolomoyskyi (Ігор Валерійович Коломойський; Игорь Валерьевич Коломойский, Igor Kolomoisky; איגור קולומויסקי; born February 13, 1963) is a Ukrainian-Cypriot-Israeli business oligarch of Jewish descent and the former Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.
Ilya Kabakov (Russian: Илья́ Ио́сифович Кабако́в; born September 30, 1933), is a Russian - American conceptual artist, born in Dnipropetrovsk in what was then the Ukrainian SSR of the Soviet Union.
Industrialnyi District (Індустріальний район) is an urban district of the city of Dnipro, in southern Ukraine.
Inessa Mykolajivna Kravets (née Shulyak, Інесса Миколаївна Кравець; born October 5, 1966) is a Ukrainian former triple jumper and long jumper.
Inna Ryzhykh (Ukrainian Інна Володимирівна Рижих; born 15 November 1985 in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian Дніпропетровськ) is a professional Ukrainian triathlete, silver medalist at the Ukrainian Championships 2010, and a permanent member of the National Team.
The Interfax-Ukraine News Agency (Інтерфакс-Україна) is a Kiev-based Ukrainian news agency founded in 1992.
Interkosmos (Интеркосмос) was a Soviet space program, designed to help the Soviet Union's allies with crewed and uncrewed space missions.
The International Association of Universities (IAU) is a membership-led non-governmental organization working in the field of higher education.
Interpipe Group, or simply Interpipe (Науково-виробничо-інвестиційна група "Інтерпайп"), is the influential Ukrainian metallurgical mill company founded and mostly owned by the local business oligarch Viktor Pinchuk.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Ivan Ivanovych Kulichenko (Іван Іванович Куліченко; born on 7 July 1955, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR) is an Ukrainian politician an since the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election People's Deputy of Ukraine; prior to this he was Mayor of Dnipropetrovsk for 15 years.
Ivan Sulyma (Iwan Sulima, Іван Михайлович Сулима – Ivan Mykhaylovych Sulyma) was a Senior of Registered Cossacks in 1628–29 and a Kosh Otaman in 1630–35.
Ivano-Frankivsk (Ivano-Frankivsk; formerly Stanyslaviv, Stanislau, or Stanisławów; see below) is a historic city located in Western Ukraine.
The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about in length, is thrown.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John James Hughes (1814 – 17 June 1889) was a Welsh engineer, businessman and founder of the city of Donetsk.
Joseph II (Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 – 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to his death.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Kamianske (Кам'янське,; Каменское), formerly Dniprodzerzhynsk, is an industrial city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, and a port on the Dnieper.
Katherine Esau (3 April 1898 – 4 June 1997) was a German-American botanist who received the National Medal of Science for her work on plant anatomy.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.
Kherson is a city in southern Ukraine.
The Khrennikov House is a four-floor building in Yekaterinoslav, currently Dnirpo, one of the best examples of the Art Nouveau architecture in the city.
Khrushchyovka (p) is an unofficial name of a type of low-cost, concrete-paneled or brick three- to five-storied apartment building which was developed in the Soviet Union during the early 1960s, during the time its namesake Nikita Khrushchev directed the Soviet government.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Kodak fortress (Кодак; Kudak) was a fort built in 1635 by the order of the Polish king Władysław IV Vasa and the Sejm on the Dnieper River near what would become the town of Stari Kodaky (now near the city of Dnipro in Ukraine. In 1711 according to the Treaty of the Pruth the fortress was destroyed by the Muscovites.
Kokhav Nolad (כוכב נולד) (meaning A Star Is Born) was an Israeli reality television show searching for talented new vocalists, based on the British Pop Idol model.
Konstantin Sergeyevich Lopushansky (Константин Сергеевич Лопушанский; born June 12, 1947) is a Soviet and Russian film director, film theorist and author.
The Kosmos (also spelled Cosmos, Russian: Ко́смос) rockets were a series of Soviet and subsequently Russian rockets, derived from the R-12 and R-14 missiles, the best known of which is the Kosmos-3M, which has made over 440 launches.
Kryvyi Rih (krɪˈwɪj riɦ|lit.
Kyrylo Fesenko (Кирило Фесенко; born December 24, 1986) is a Ukrainian professional basketball player for Sidigas Avellino of the Italian Serie A. Standing at, he plays the center position.
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (a; Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was a Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), presiding over the country until his death and funeral in 1982.
Leonid Borisovich Kogan (Леони́д Бори́сович Ко́ган; Леонід Борисович Коган; November 14, 1924 – December 17, 1982) was a preeminent Soviet violinist during the 20th century.
Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Леонід Данилович Кучма, born 9 August 1938) is a Ukrainian politician who was the second President of independent Ukraine from 19 July 1994 to 23 January 2005.
Leonid Anatolievich Levin (Леони́д Анато́льевич Ле́вин; Леоні́д Анато́лійович Ле́він; born November 2, 1948) is a Soviet-American computer scientist.
Linor Goralik, Лино́р Гора́лик, born Yuliya Borisovna Goralik, Юлия Борисовна Горалик on 9 July 1975, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR) is a Russian-speaking flash fiction author, poet and essayist.
The following is a list of the mayors and political chiefs of the Dnipro city administration, covering the period from 1786 to the present day.
This is the list of people killed during Euromaidan events taking place in the fall and winter of 2013–2014.
This is a list of all reigning monarchs in the history of Russia.
This article is a list of known monuments dedicated to Vladimir Lenin.
This list of Ukrainian bandy champions show the winners and the runners-up for the Ukrainian national championship of bandy each year.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
Local government in Ukraine consists of administrative divisions of Ukraine.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.
Machines employ power to achieve desired forces and movement (motion).
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.
Marharyta Serhiïvna Dorozhon (Маргарита Сергіївна Дорожон, מרגריטה סרגייבנה דורוז'ון; born 4 September 1987) is an Israeli javelin thrower.
Marina Maximilian Blumin (מארינה מקסימיליאן בלומין; born 15 December 1987), known as Marina Maximilian, is an Israeli singer-songwriter and actress.
Marshrutka (Russian: маршру́тка), from marshrutne taksi routed taxicab, is a form of public transportation such as a share taxi for the countries of CIS, the Baltic states, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia, and Georgia.
Masterok (also spelled "Masterock") is a children's music band from Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
Menachem Mendel Schneerson (April 18, 1902 OS – June 12, 1994 / AM 11 Nissan 5662 – 3 Tammuz 5754), known to many as the Lubavitcher Rebbe or simply as the Rebbe, was a Russian Empire–born American Orthodox Jewish rabbi, and the last rebbe of the Lubavitcher Hasidic dynasty.
The Merefa-Kherson bridge (Мерефо-Херсонський міст., Мерефо-Херсонский мост) is a single track railway bridge crossing the Dnieper in Dnipro and part of the railway line between cities of Merefa and Kherson.
Stadium Meteor is a multi-purpose stadium in Dnipro, Ukraine.
Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (ləmɐˈnosəf|a.
Mikhail Kuzmich Yangel (Михаил Кузьмич Янгель; November 7, 1911 – October 25, 1971), was a leading missile designer in the Soviet Union.
A minibus, microbus, or minicoach is a passenger carrying motor vehicle that is designed to carry more people than a multi-purpose vehicle or minivan, but fewer people than a full-size bus.
The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation (Министерство обороны Российской Федерации, Минобороны России, informally abbreviated as МО, МО РФ or Minoboron) exercises administrative and operational leadership of the Russian Armed Forces.
Minsk (Мінск,; Минск) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers.
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
Moldova (or sometimes), officially the Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south (by way of the disputed territory of Transnistria).
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Kursky railway terminal (Ку́рский вокза́л, Kursky vokzal), also known as Moscow Kurskaya railway station (Москва́-Ку́рская, Moskva-Kurskaya), is one of the nine railway terminals in Moscow.
Moses Ilyich Schönfinkel, also known as Moisei Isai'evich Sheinfinkel' (Моисей Исаевич Шейнфинкель; 4 September 1889 – 1942), was a Russian logician and mathematician, known for the invention of combinatory logic.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine is a university in Dnipro for the study of metallurgical engineering.
The National Mining University (Національний гірничий університет), colloquially known in Ukrainian as NGU (Національний гірничий університет – НГУ) is located in Dnipro, the third most populous city in Ukraine.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nestor Ivanovych Makhno or Bat'ko ("Father") Makhno (Не́стор Івáнович Махно́; October 26, 1888 (N.S. November 7) – July 25, 1934) was a Ukrainian anarcho-communist revolutionary and the commander of an independent anarchist army in Ukraine in 1917–22.
NEWSru is a Russian online news sites.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (15 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was a Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964.
The Nogais are a Turkic ethnic group who live in southern European Russia, mainly in the North Caucasus region.
Novokodatskyi District (Новокодацький район) is an urban district of the city of Dnipro, in southern Ukraine.
Novorossiya (a; Noua Rusie), literally New Russia but sometimes called South Russia, is a historical term of the Russian Empire denoting a region north of the Black Sea (Now part of Ukraine).
Novorossiya, Novorussia or New Russia (nəvɐˈrosʲɪjə; Novorosiya), also referred to as the Union of People's Republics (sɐˈjus nɐˈrodnɨx rʲɪˈspublʲɪk; Союз народних республік, Soyuz Narodnykh Respublik), is a proposed confederation of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) and Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) in eastern Ukraine, both of which share a border with Russia.
New Russia Governorate, or Novorossiya Governorate (Новоросси́йская губе́рния; translit.: Novorossiyskaya guberniya), was a governorate of the Russian Empire in the previously Ottoman and Cossack territories, that existed from 1764 until the 1783 administrative reform.
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.
Oksana Baiul (born November 16, 1977) is a Ukrainian former competitive figure skater.
Oleg Anatolyevich Tsaryov (Олег Анатольевич Царёв, Oleg Tsarev; Олег Анатолійович Царьов, born 2 June 1970) is a Dnipropetrovsk businessman, politician and separatist leader in eastern Ukraine.
Oleh Tverdokhlib (in Ukrainian Твердохліб Олег, November 3, 1969 in Dnipropetrovsk – September 18, 1995) was a Ukrainian athlete.
Oleksandr Vilkul or Aleksandr Vilkul (Олексaндр Юрійович Вiлкул, Александр Юрьевич Вилкул) — Ukrainian Statesman, former Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine, Chief of State commission for technogenic and ecological safety and emergency situation.
Oles Honchar Dnipro National University (Дніпровський національний університет імені Олеся Гончара) is an establishments of higher education in Ukraine.
Olesya Povh (Олеся Повх (Olesya Povkh); born 18 October 1987) is a Ukrainian sprint athlete who specializes in the 100 metres.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
A panorama (formed from Greek πᾶν "all" + ὅραμα "sight") is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film, seismic images or a three-dimensional model.
The Party of Regions (Партія регіонів, pronounced; Партия регионов) is a pro-Russia political party of Ukraine created in late 1997 that then grew to be the biggest party of Ukraine between 2006 and 2014.
Paul I (Па́вел I Петро́вич; Pavel Petrovich) (–) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801.
Pavlo Ivanovych Lazarenko (Павло Іванович Лазаренко; born 23 January 1953) is a former Ukrainian politician and former Prime Minister who in August 2006 was convicted and sentenced to prison in the United States for money laundering, wire fraud and extortion.
Pavlo Petrovych Skoropadskyi (Павло Петрович Скоропадський; Pavel Petrovič Skoropadskij; Paul Petrowitsch Skoropadskyj; 3 May 1873 – 26 April 1945) was a Ukrainian aristocrat, military and state leader, decorated Imperial Russian Army and Ukrainian Army general of Cossack heritage.
A People's Deputy of Ukraine (Ukrainian: народний депутат України, narodnyi deputat Ukrayiny) is a member of parliament, legislator elected by a popular vote to the Verkhovna Rada (the parliament of Ukraine).
Perestroika (a) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 and is widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.
Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko (Петро́ Олексі́йович Пороше́нко,; born 26 September 1965) is the fifth and current President of Ukraine (excluding acting president Oleksandr Turchynov), in office since 2014.
The Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" (Блок Петра Порошенка «Солідарність», Blok Petra Poroshenka «Solidarnist'»), is a political party in Ukraine, formed on 27 August 2014.
Petrykivka Raion (Петриківський район) is a raion (district) of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, southeastern-central Ukraine.
Plattenbau (plural: Plattenbauten, Platte: panel/ slab; Bau: building/ construction) is a building constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs.
Ploiești (older spelling: Ploești) is a city and county seat in Prahova County, Romania.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
A population decline (or depopulation) in humans is any great reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends, as in sub-replacement fertility, urban decay, white flight or rural flight, or due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes.
A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, Eircode, PIN Code or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.
The President of the Republic of Crimea (Президент Республіки Крим; Президент Республики Крым) was the head of the state of the Republic of Crimea, Ukraine from February 16, 1994 to the time of its liquidation on March 17, 1995.
The President of Ukraine (Президент України, Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the Ukrainian head of state.
The Prime Minister of Ukraine (Прем'єр-міністр України, Prem'ier-ministr Ukrayiny) is Ukraine's head of government, presiding over the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, which is the highest body of the executive branch of the Ukrainian government.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The Privat Group, or PrivatBank Group (Група “Приват”, Grupa "Privat") is a global business group, based in Ukraine.
PrivatBank (ПриватБанк) is the largest commercial bank in Ukraine, in terms of the number of clients, assets value, loan portfolio and taxes paid to the national budget.
The Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Ukrainian: Придніпровська державна академія будівництва та архітектури) is one of the major academic institutions of higher education in Ukraine, specializing in engineering and economics, located in Dnipro.
Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, also Vrangel; Freiherr Peter von Wrangel; (August 27, 1878 April 25, 1928) was a Russian officer in the Imperial Russian Army and later commanding general of the anti-Bolshevik White Army in Southern Russia in the later stages of the Russian Civil War.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a broadcasting organization that broadcasts and reports news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East where it says that "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".
A raion (also rayon) is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet states (such as part of an oblast).
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
The ruble or rouble (p) is or was a currency unit of a number of countries in Eastern Europe closely associated with the economy of Russia.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
The Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 was an armed conflict that brought Kabardia, the part of the Yedisan between the rivers Bug and Dnieper, and Crimea into the Russian sphere of influence.
The Russo–Turkish War of 1787–1792 involved an unsuccessful attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to the Russian Empire in the course of the previous Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774).
Saint Peter (Syriac/Aramaic: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa; שמעון בר יונה; Petros; Petros; Petrus; r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68), also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, or Simon, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Great Church.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The Samara is a river in Ukraine, a left tributary of the Dnieper.
Samarskyi District (Самарський район) is an urban district of the city of Dnipro, in southern Ukraine.
The Sea of Azov (Азо́вское мо́ре, Azóvskoje móre; Азо́вське мо́ре, Azóvśke móre; Azaq deñizi, Азакъ денъизи, ازاق دﻩﯕىزى) is a sea in Eastern Europe.
A common definition of separatism is that it is the advocacy of a state of cultural, ethnic, tribal, religious, racial, governmental or gender separation from the larger group.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people,A serial killer is most commonly defined as a person who kills three or more people for psychological gratification; reliable sources over the years agree.
Shevchenkivskyi District (Шевченківський район) is a right-bank urban district of the city of Dnipro, located in southern Ukraine.
Simferopol (p; Сімферополь,; Aqmescit, Акъмесджит) is a city on the Crimean peninsula which, de facto, is the capital city of the Republic of Crimea within the Russian Federation but, de jure, is the capital city of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within Ukraine.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
Sobornyi District is an urban district of the city of Dnipro, in southern Ukraine.
The Soviet space program (Russian: Космическая программа СССР, Kosmicheskaya programma SSSR) comprised several of the rocket and space exploration programs conducted by the Soviet Union (USSR) from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Sputnik 1 (or; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite.
The Papal Basilica of St.
Symon Vasylyovych Petliura (Си́мон Васи́льович Петлю́ра; May 10, 1879 – May 25, 1926) was a Ukrainian politician and journalist.
Szczecin (German and Swedish Stettin), known also by other alternative names) is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Located near the Baltic Sea and the German border, it is a major seaport and Poland's seventh-largest city. As of June 2011, the population was 407,811. Szczecin is located on the Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Slavic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the Capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland, resulting in expulsion of the German population. Szczecin is the administrative and industrial centre of West Pomeranian Voivodeship and is the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Art Academy, and the see of the Szczecin-Kamień Catholic Archdiocese. From 1999 onwards, Szczecin has served as the site of the headquarters of NATO's Multinational Corps Northeast. Szczecin was a candidate for the European Capital of Culture in 2016.
Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (–) was a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer.
Tashkent (Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت,; Ташкент) is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan, as well as the most populated city in Central Asia with a population in 2012 of 2,309,300.
The Tatars (татарлар, татары) are a Turkic-speaking peoples living mainly in Russia and other Post-Soviet countries.
Tatiana Andreyеvna Volosozhar (Татья́на Андре́евна Волосожа́р, Тетяна Андріївна Волосожар; born 22 May 1986) is a Ukrainian-born Russian pair skater.
The Ukrainian Week (Український Тиждень, Тиждень.ua) is an illustrated weekly magazine covering politics, economics and the arts and aimed at the socially engaged Ukrainian-language reader.
The Ukrainian Weekly is the oldest English-language newspaper of the Ukrainian diaspora in the United States, and North America.
The Theosophical Society was an organization formed in 1875 by Helena Blavatsky to advance Theosophy.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver at a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction.
The Saviour's Transfiguration Cathedral (Спасо-Преображенський кафедральний собор) is the main Orthodox church of Dnipro, Ukraine.
The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca Küçük Kaynarca Antlaşması (also spelled Kuchuk Kainarji) was a peace treaty signed on 21 July 1774, in Küçük Kaynarca (today Kaynardzha, Bulgaria) between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
A Treaty of Perpetual Peace (also "Treaty of Eternal Peace"; Polish: Pokój wieczysty or Pokój Grzymułtowskiego, Russian: Вечный мир) between the Tsardom of Russia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was signed on 6 May 1686 in Moscow by Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth envoys: voivod of Poznań Krzysztof Grzymułtowski and chancellor (kanclerz) of Lithuania Marcjan Ogiński and Russian knyaz Vasily Vasilyevich Golitsyn These parties were moved to cooperate after a major geopolitical intervention in Ukraine on the part of the Ottoman Empire.
The Treaty of the Pruth was signed on the banks of the river Pruth between the Ottoman Empire and the Tsardom of Russia on 21 July 1711, ending the Russo-Turkish War of 1710–1711.
A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
The Truce of Andrusovo (Rozejm w Andruszowie, Андрусовское перемирие, Andrusovskoye Pieriemiriye, also sometimes known as Treaty of Andrusovo) established a thirteen-and-a-half year truce, signed in 1667 between Tsardom of Russia and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, which had fought the Russo-Polish War since 1654 over the territories of modern-day Ukraine and Belarus.
Truskavets (Трускавець, translit. Truskavets; Truskawiec; טרוסקעוויץ Truskevitz) is a city in western Ukraine's Lviv Oblast (region), near the border with Poland.
Tsentralnyi District (Центральний район) is an urban district of the city of Dnipro, in southern Ukraine.
The Tsyklon-2 (cyclone-2), also known as Tsiklon-2 and Tsyklon-M, GRAU index 11K69, is a Ukrainian, previously Soviet orbital carrier rocket.
The Tsyklon-3, also known as Tsiklon-3, GRAU index 11K68, was a Soviet, and subsequently Ukrainian orbital carrier rocket.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA; Union des Associations Européennes de Football; Vereinigung Europäischer Fußballverbände) is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia.
The UEFA Europa League is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Ukraine national football team (збірна України з футболу) is the national football team of Ukraine and is controlled by the Football Federation of Ukraine.
Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation (Ukrainian: Українська федерація хокею з м'ячем та рінк-бенді (УФХМР)) is the governing body for the sports of bandy and rink bandy in Ukraine.
The first Ukrainian census was carried out by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine on 5 December 2001, twelve years after the last Soviet Union census in 1989 and was so far the only census held in independent Ukraine.
The hryvnia, sometimes hryvnya (гривня,, abbr.: грн (hrn in the Latin alphabet)); sign: ₴, code: UAH), has been the national currency of Ukraine since 2 September 1996. The hryvnia is subdivided into 100 kopiyky. It is named after a measure of weight used in medieval Kievan Rus'.
The Ukrainian Orthodox Church (UOC; Ukrayinsʹka Pravoslavna Tserkva, Ukrainskaya Pravoslavnaya Tserkov') is a self-governing church of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine.
Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP; Ukrayínsʹka Pravoslávna Tsérkva – Kýyivsʹkyy Patriarkhát (UPT-KP)) is the biggest one of the three major Orthodox churches in Ukraine, alongside the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church.
A snap election of the Verkhovna Rada took place on 26 October 2014.
The Ukrainian People's Republic, or Ukrainian National Republic (abbreviated to УНР), was a predecessor of modern Ukraine declared on 10 June 1917 following the Russian Revolution.
The Ukrainian Premier League ("Прем'єр-ліга") or UPL is the highest division of Ukrainian annual football championship.
The Ukrainian presidential election of 2010 was Ukraine's fifth presidential election since declaring independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Ukrainian SSR or UkrSSR or UkSSR; Украї́нська Радя́нська Соціалісти́чна Респу́бліка, Украї́нська РСР, УРСР; Украи́нская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика, Украи́нская ССР, УССР; see "Name" section below), also known as the Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from the Union's inception in 1922 to its breakup in 1991. The republic was governed by the Communist Party of Ukraine as a unitary one-party socialist soviet republic. The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations, although it was legally represented by the All-Union state in its affairs with countries outside of the Soviet Union. Upon the Soviet Union's dissolution and perestroika, the Ukrainian SSR was transformed into the modern nation-state and renamed itself to Ukraine. Throughout its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times, with a significant portion of what is now Western Ukraine being annexed by Soviet forces in 1939 from the Republic of Poland, and the addition of Zakarpattia in 1946. From the start, the eastern city of Kharkiv served as the republic's capital. However, in 1934, the seat of government was subsequently moved to the city of Kiev, Ukraine's historic capital. Kiev remained the capital for the rest of the Ukrainian SSR's existence, and remained the capital of independent Ukraine after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Geographically, the Ukrainian SSR was situated in Eastern Europe to the north of the Black Sea, bordered by the Soviet republics of Moldavia, Byelorussia, and the Russian SFSR. The Ukrainian SSR's border with Czechoslovakia formed the Soviet Union's western-most border point. According to the Soviet Census of 1989 the republic had a population of 51,706,746 inhabitants, which fell sharply after the breakup of the Soviet Union. For most of its existence, it ranked second only to the Russian SFSR in population, economic and political power.
Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.
Ukrainization (also spelled Ukrainisation or Ukrainianization) is a policy of increasing the usage and facilitating the development of the Ukrainian language and promoting other elements of Ukrainian culture, in various spheres of public life such as education, publishing, government and religion.
Ukrayinska Pravda (Українська правда, literally Ukrainian Truth) is a popular Ukrainian Internet newspaper, founded by Georgiy R. Gongadze in April, 2000 (the day of the Ukrainian constitutional referendum).
The National News Agency of Ukraine (Українське національне інформаційне агентство) or Ukrinform (Укрінформ) is a state information and news agency of Ukraine.
UKROP (УКРОП; literally "dill") short for the Ukrainian Association of Patriots (Українське об'єднання патріотів) is a Ukrainian nationalist right wing European Tolerance Center, European Center for Democracy, Institute for Ethnic Policy and Interethnic Relations Studies.
Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a doubly landlocked Central Asian Sovereign state.
Valery Pavlovich Chkalov (p; February 2, 1904 – December 15, 1938) was a Soviet and Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union (1936).
Varna (Варна, Varna) is the third-largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Верхо́вна Ра́да Украї́ни, Ukrainian abbreviation ВРУ; literally Supreme Council of Ukraine), often simply Verkhovna Rada or just Rada, is the unicameral parliament of Ukraine.
Viktor Andreevich Kravchenko (Віктор Андрійович Кра́вченко, 11 October 1905 – 25 February 1966) was a Soviet defector, known for writing the best-selling book, I Chose Freedom, published in 1946, about the realities of life in the Soviet Union.
Victor Pinchuk (Віктор Миха́йлович Пінчýк, Viktor Mykhailovych Pinchuk; born 14 December 1960) is a Ukrainian businessman and oligarch.
Viktor Mikhailovich Chebrikov (Виктор Михайлович Чéбриков; 27 April 1923 – 2 July 1999) was a Soviet public official and security administrator and head of the KGB from December 1982 to October 1988.
Viktor Petrov (Віктор Петров 1894 – 1969) was a prominent Soviet Ukrainian existentialist writer.
Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ві́ктор Фе́дорович Януко́вич,; born 9 July 1950) is a Ukrainian politician who was elected as the fourth President of Ukraine on 7 February 2010.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
St Petersburg-Vitebsky (Ви́тебский вокза́л) is a railway station in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Volodymyr Mykhailovych Kubiyovych, also spelled Kubiiovych or Kubijovyč (Володи́мир Миха́йлович Кубійо́вич; 23 September 1900, Nowy Sącz, Austrian Galicia – 2 November 1985, Paris, France) was a Ukrainian geographer with a specialty in demography, a cartographer, an encyclopedist, politician, and statesman.
The Volunteer Army (Добровольческая армия in Russian, or Dobrovolcheskaya armiya) was an anti-Bolshevik army in South Russia during the Russian Civil War of 1918–1920.
Voronezh (p) is a city and the administrative center of Voronezh Oblast, Russia, straddling the Voronezh River and located from where it flows into the Don.
Vsevolod Mikhailovich Garshin (Все́волод Миха́йлович Гáршин); (14 February 1855 – 5 April 1888) was a Russian author of short stories.
The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine.
The Wild Fields (Дике Поле Dyke Pole, Дикое Поле, Dikoye Polye, Dzikie pola, Dykra, Loca deserta, sive campi deserti inhabitati, also translated as "the Wilderness") is a historical term used in the Polish–Lithuanian documents of the 16th to 18th centuries to refer to the Pontic steppe of Ukraine, located north of the Black Sea and Azov Sea.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Yad Vashem (יָד וַשֵׁם; literally, "a monument and a name") is Israel's official memorial to the victims of the Holocaust.
The Yekaterinoslav Governorate (Екатеринославская губернія; translit.: Yekaterinoslavskaya guberniya; Катеринославська губернія) or Government of Yekaterinoslav was a governorate in the Russian Empire.
The Ekaterinoslav Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire was created on 26 March 1783 by merging the Novorossiya Governorate and Azov Governorate.
Yerevan (Երևան, sometimes spelled Erevan) is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.
Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko (Ю́лія Володи́мирівна Тимоше́нко,, née Hrihyan, Грігян, by Askold Krushelnycky, Harvill Secker, 2006,, p. 169. born 27 November 1960) is a Ukrainian politician.
Yuri Alexandrovich Meshkov (Юрій Олександрович Мєшков, Юрий Александрович Мешков (Yuri Alexandrovich Meshkov); born October 25, 1945) is a former Crimean politician and a leader of the pro-Russian movement in Crimea.
The Production Association Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant named after A.M. Makarov, PA Pivdenmash or PA Yuzhmash (Виробниче Об'єднання Південний Машинобудівний Завод імені О. М. Макарова) is a Ukrainian state-owned aerospace manufacturer.
Yuzhnoye Design Office (Державне конструкторське бюро «Південне» ім. М. К. Янгеля; Констру́кторское бюро́ «Ю́жное»), located in Dnipro, Ukraine, is a designer of satellites and rockets, and formerly of Soviet intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) established by Mikhail Yangel.
− Zaporizhia (Запорі́жжя) or Zaporozhye (Запоро́жье), formerly Alexandrovsk (Алекса́ндровск), (Олександрівськ), is a city in southeastern Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River.
Zaporizhia (Запоріжжя or Запорожжя, Zaporozhia) is a historical region in central Ukraine below the Dnieper River rapids (пороги porohy) - hence the name, literally "(territory) beyond the rapids".
The Zaporozhian Sich or Zaporozhian Sich (Запорозька Січ, Запорізька Січ, Zaporoz'ka Sich, Zaporiz'ka Sich; Sicz Zaporoska; Запорожская Сечь) was a semi-autonomous polity of Cossacks in the 16th to 18th centuries, centred in the region around today's Kakhovka Reservoir spanning the lower Dnieper river in Ukraine.
The Zaporozhian Cossacks, Zaporozhian Cossack Army, Zaporozhian Host (Військо Запорізьке, Войско Запорожское) or simply Zaporozhians (translit) were Cossacks who lived beyond the rapids of the Dnieper River, the land also known under the historical term Wild Fields in today's Central Ukraine.
Zaporozhian Host (or Zaporizhian Host) is a term for a military force inhabiting or originating from Zaporizhia, the territory beyond the rapids of the Dnieper River in what is Central Ukraine today, from the 15th to the 18th centuries.
Zenit (Зеніт, Зени́т; meaning Zenith) is a family of space launch vehicles designed by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Dnipro, Ukraine, which was then part of the Soviet Union.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government.
The 1994 Winter Olympics (Olympiske vinterleker 1994), officially known as the XVII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XVIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 12 to 27 February 1994 in and around Lillehammer, Norway.
The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
The 2012 Dnipropetrovsk explosions were a series of co-ordinated explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine on 27 April 2012.
As part of the Euromaidan movement, regional state administration (RSA) buildings in various oblasts (regions) of Ukraine were occupied by activists, starting on 23 January 2014.
From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.
The Ukrainian revolution of 2014 (also known as the Euromaidan Revolution or Revolution of Dignity; Революція гідності, Revoliutsiia hidnosti) took place in Ukraine in February 2014, when a series of violent events involving protesters, riot police, and unknown shooters in the capital, Kiev, culminated in the ousting of the democratically elected Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, and the overthrow of the Ukrainian Government.
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (r) and commonly known as Sochi 2014, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014.
Catharinoslav, Dneipropetrovsk, Dnepropetrosk, Dnepropetrovs'k, Dnepropetrovsk, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, Dniepropetrovsk, Dnipro (city), Dnipro Municipality, Dnipro, Ukraine, Dnipropetrivsk, Dnipropetrovs'k, Dnipropetrovsk, Dnipropetrovsk Municipality, Dnipropetrovsk, USSR, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, Dnipropetrowsk, Dnjepropetrovsk, Dnjepropetrowsk, Ekaterinoslav, Geography of Dnipro, History of Dnipro, History of Dnipropetrovsk, Jekaterinoslaw, Katerynoslav, List of sons and daughters of the city of Dnipropetrovsk, Sicheslav, Yekaterinoslaf, Yekaterinoslav, Днепропетровск, Дніпропетровськ.