96 relations: Abhang, Advaita Vedanta, Alandi, Amanuensis, Amrutanubhav, Asana, Asharh, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, Ṛta, Ātman (Hinduism), Śūnyatā, Bhagavad Gita, Bhagavata Purana, Bhakti, Bhakti movement, Bhalchandra Pandharinath Bahirat, Brahman, Brahmin, Caste system in India, Changdev Maharaj, Chokhamela, Delhi Sultanate, Deva (Hinduism), Dharma, Dnyaneshwari, Eknath, Elizabethan era, Fred Dallmayr, Ganges, Godavari River, Gorakhnath, Gulabrao Maharaj, Haripath, Hatha yoga, Hindu calendar, Hinduism, Indian philosophy, Indrayani River, International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration, J. N. Farquhar, Janabai, Karma yoga, Kartik (month), Kulkarni, Litter (vehicle), Mahanubhava, Maharashtra, Marathi language, Marathi literature, Marathi people, ..., Matsyendranath, Mīmāṃsā, Metre (poetry), Muktabai, Namdev, Nashik, Nath, Nevasa, Nivruttinath, Ovi (poetry), Paithan, Pandharpur, Pandharpur Wari, Pandit, Ramachandra Dattatrya Ranade, Ramananda, Ramanandi Sampradaya, Rāja yoga, Saint, Samadhi, Samadhi (shrine), Samkhya, Sannyasa, Sant (religion), Sant Mat, Sant Soyarabai, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Self-realization, Shiva, Sopan, Surendranath Dasgupta, The Hindu, Tukaram, University of Wales, Upanayana, Upanishads, Varanasi, Varkari, Vedanta, Vedas, Vernacular, Vishnu, Vithoba, Yadava, Yoga Vasistha, Yogi. Expand index (46 more) » « Shrink index
Abhang or abhanga is a form of devotional poetry sung in praise of the Hindu god Vitthala, also known as Vithoba.
Advaita Vedanta (अद्वैत वेदान्त, IAST:, literally, "not-two"), originally known as Puruṣavāda, is a school of Hindu philosophy and religious practice, and one of the classic Indian paths to spiritual realization.
Alandi is a town and a municipal council in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India.
An amanuensis is a person employed to write or type what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another, and also refers to a person who signs a document on behalf of another under the latter's authority.
Amrutanubhav or Amritanubhav is a composition by the Marathi saint and poet Jñāneśvar during the 13th century.
In yoga, an asana is a posture in which a practitioner sits.
Asharh (আষাঢ়, Ashaŗh) is the third month of the Bengali calendar and the Nepali system of the Hindu calendar.
Aurangabad (is a city in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state in India. The city is a tourism hub, surrounded by many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara and Panchakki. The administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is titled "The City of Gates" and the strong presence of these can be felt as one drives through the city. The city was founded in 1610 by Malik Amber. Aurangabad is the Tourism Capital of Maharashtra. Aurangabad is the fifth largest city in Maharashtra.
In the Vedic religion, Ṛta (Sanskrit ऋतम् "that which is properly/excellently joined; order, rule; truth") is the principle of natural order which regulates and coordinates the operation of the universe and everything within it.
Ātma is a Sanskrit word that means inner self or soul.
Śūnyatā (Sanskrit; Pali: suññatā), pronounced ‘shoonyataa’, translated into English most often as emptiness and sometimes voidness, is a Buddhist concept which has multiple meanings depending on its doctrinal context.
The Bhagavad Gita (भगवद्गीता, in IAST,, lit. "The Song of God"), often referred to as the Gita, is a 700 verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata (chapters 23–40 of the 6th book of Mahabharata).
Bhagavata Purana (Devanagari: भागवतपुराण) also known as Śrīmad Bhāgavata Mahā Purāṇa, Śrīmad Bhāgavatam or Bhāgavata, is one of Hinduism's eighteen great Puranas (Mahapuranas, great histories).
Bhakti (भक्ति) literally means "attachment, participation, fondness for, homage, faith, love, devotion, worship, purity".
The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism.
Bhalchandra Pandharinath Bahirat (भालचंद़ पंढरीनाथ बहिरट, 5 September 190414 October 1998) was a philosopher and educationist who studied the Marathi literature of Jñāneśvar and other sants of Maharashtra.
In Hinduism, Brahman connotes the highest Universal Principle, the Ultimate Reality in the universe.P. T. Raju (2006), Idealistic Thought of India, Routledge,, page 426 and Conclusion chapter part XII In major schools of Hindu philosophy, it is the material, efficient, formal and final cause of all that exists.For dualism school of Hinduism, see: Francis X. Clooney (2010), Hindu God, Christian God: How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries between Religions, Oxford University Press,, pages 51–58, 111–115;For monist school of Hinduism, see: B. Martinez-Bedard (2006), Types of Causes in Aristotle and Sankara, Thesis – Department of Religious Studies (Advisors: Kathryn McClymond and Sandra Dwyer), Georgia State University, pages 18–35 It is the pervasive, genderless, infinite, eternal truth and bliss which does not change, yet is the cause of all changes. Brahman as a metaphysical concept is the single binding unity behind diversity in all that exists in the universe. Brahman is a Vedic Sanskrit word, and it is conceptualized in Hinduism, states Paul Deussen, as the "creative principle which lies realized in the whole world". Brahman is a key concept found in the Vedas, and it is extensively discussed in the early Upanishads.Stephen Philips (1998), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Brahman to Derrida (Editor; Edward Craig), Routledge,, pages 1–4 The Vedas conceptualize Brahman as the Cosmic Principle. In the Upanishads, it has been variously described as Sat-cit-ānanda (truth-consciousness-bliss) and as the unchanging, permanent, highest reality. Brahman is discussed in Hindu texts with the concept of Atman (Soul, Self), personal, impersonal or Para Brahman, or in various combinations of these qualities depending on the philosophical school. In dualistic schools of Hinduism such as the theistic Dvaita Vedanta, Brahman is different from Atman (soul) in each being.Michael Myers (2000), Brahman: A Comparative Theology, Routledge,, pages 124–127 In non-dual schools such as the Advaita Vedanta, Brahman is identical to the Atman, is everywhere and inside each living being, and there is connected spiritual oneness in all existence.Arvind Sharma (2007), Advaita Vedānta: An Introduction, Motilal Banarsidass,, pages 19–40, 53–58, 79–86.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.
Changdev Maharaj (also commonly referenced in ancient texts as Changa Deva, Changadeva, or simply Changa) was a mystical yogi turned saint who is believed to have lived in the village of Vateshwar along the banks of the Tapti River for 1,400 years.
Chokhamela was a saint in Maharashtra, India in the 14th century.
The Delhi Sultanate (Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu) was a Muslim sultanate based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).
Deva (Sanskrit: देव) means "heavenly, divine, anything of excellence", and is also one of the terms for a deity in Hinduism.
Dharma (dharma,; dhamma, translit. dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
The Dnyaneshwari (ज्ञानेश्वरी) (IAST: Jñānēśvarī) is a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita written by the Marathi saint and poet Dnyaneshwar in the 13th century.
Eknath(1533-1599) was a prominent Marathi sant, scholar, and religious poet of the Varkari sampradaya.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
Fred R. Dallmayr (born 18 October 1928) is Packey J. Dee Professor in the departments of philosophy and political science at the University of Notre Dame.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga.
Gorakhnath (also known as Goraksanath, estimated c. early 11th century) was an influential founder of the Nath Hindu monastic movement in India.
Gulabrao Maharaj (6 July 1881 – 20 September 1915) was a Hindu saint from Maharashtra, India.
The Haripath is a collection of twenty-eight abhangas (poems) revealed to the thirteenth-century Marathi Saint, Dnyaneshwar.
Hatha yoga is a branch of yoga.
Hindu calendar is a collective term for the various lunisolar calendars traditionally used in India.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Indian philosophy refers to ancient philosophical traditions of the Indian subcontinent.
The Indrayani river originates in Kurvande village near Lonavla, a hill station in the Sahyadri mountains of Maharashtra.
The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (I.A.S.T.) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanization of Indic scripts as employed by Sanskrit and related Indic languages.
John Nicol Farquhar (6 April 1861 – 17 July 1929) was a Scottish educational missionary to Calcutta, and an Orientalist.
Janābāi was a Marāthi religious poet in the Hindu tradition in India, who was born likely in the seventh or the eighth decade of the 13th century.
Karma yoga, also called Karma marga, is one of the several spiritual paths in Hinduism, one based on the "yoga of action".
Karthikai, Kartika, Karthika or Kartik or Kartika maasam is a Hindu calendar month that typically overlaps October and November.
Kulkarni is a family name native to the Indian state of Maharashtra and northern Karnataka.
The litter is a class of wheelless vehicles, a type of human-powered transport, for the transport of persons.
Mahanubhav (also known as Jai Krishni Pantha) refers to Hindu sects in India, started by Sarvadnya Shri Chakradhar Swami (or Chakradahrara) in 1267.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Marathi (मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.
Marathi literature is the body of literature of Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Maharashtra and written in the Devanagari script.
The Marathi people (मराठी लोक) are an ethnic group that speak Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language.
Matsyendranātha, Macchindranāth or Mīnanātha (c. early 10th century) was a saint and yogi in a number of Buddhist and Hindu traditions.
Mimansa (purv mi mansa) is a Sanskrit word that means "reflection" or "critical investigation".
In poetry, metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.
Muktabai or Mukta was a saint in the Varkari tradition.
Namdev, also transliterated as Namdeo and Namadeva, (traditionally) was a poet-saint from Maharashtra, India who is significant to the Varkari sect of Hinduism.
Nashik is an ancient city in the northwest region of Maharashtra in India. Situated on the banks of Godavari river Nashik is best known for being one of Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years. The city located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai, is called the "Wine Capital of India" as half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located in Nashik.
Nath, also called as Natha, are a Shaivism sub-tradition within Hinduism.
Nevasa is a city in Nevasa tehsil of Ahmednagar district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Nivruttinath (c. 1273 – Unknown) was a 13th-century Marathi Bhakti saint, poet, philosopher and yogi of the Nath tradition.
Ovee (literally "strung together"), also spelled as owi or owee, is a poetic metre used in Marathi poems for "rhythmic prose", generally used in narrative poems.
Paithan (Paiṭhaṇ), formerly Pratiṣṭhāna, is a town with municipal council in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India.
Pandharpur is a well known pilgrimage town on the banks of Bhimā river in Solāpur district, Maharashtra, India.
or Wari (Vari) is an annual pilgrimage (yatra) to Pandharpur - the seat of the Hindu god Vithoba in the Indian state of Maharashtra, in honour of the deity.
A pandit (paṇḍita; also spelled pundit, pronounced; abbreviated as Pt. or Pdt.; Panditain or Punditain can refer to a female pundit or the wife of a pundit) is a Brahmin scholar or a teacher of any field of knowledge in Hinduism, particularly the Vedic scriptures, dharma, Hindu philosophy, or secular subjects such as music.
Ramachandra Dattatrya Ranade (1886–1957) was a scholar-philosopher-saint of Karnataka and Maharashtra.
Ramananda (IAST: Rāmānanda) was a 14th-century Vaishnava devotional poet sant, in the Ganga river region of Northern India.
The Ramanandi (IAST), also known as the Ramayats or the Ramavats (IAST), are a branch of the Vaishnava Sri Sampradaya of Hinduism.
In Sanskrit texts, Rāja yoga refers to the goal of yoga (which is usually samadhi) and not a method of attaining it.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
Samadhi (Sanskrit: समाधि), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools refers to a state of meditative consciousness.
Samādhi (Hindi: समाधि) or samadhi mandir is the Hindi name for a temple commemorating the dead (similar to a tomb or mausoleum), which may or may not contain the body of the deceased.
Samkhya or Sankhya (सांख्य, IAST) is one of the six āstika schools of Hindu philosophy.
Sannyasa is the life stage of renunciation within the Hindu philosophy of four age-based life stages known as ashramas, with the first three being Brahmacharya (bachelor student), Grihastha (householder) and Vanaprastha (forest dweller, retired).
In Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism, a sant is a human being revered for his or her knowledge of "self, truth, reality" and as a "truth-exemplar".
Sant Mat means literally "Teachings of Sants", i.e. mystic saints.
Soyarabai was a saint from the Mahar caste in 14th century Maharashtra, India.
Self-realization is an expression used in Western psychology, philosophy, and spirituality; and in Indian religions.
Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.
Sant Sopandeo was a sant of the Varkari and also the younger brother of Dnyaneshwar.
Surendranath Dasgupta (সুরেন্দ্রনাথ দাশগুপ্ত) (October 1887 – 18 December 1952) was a scholar of Sanskrit and philosophy.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
Tukaram, also referred to as Sant Tukaram, Bhakta Tukaram, Tukaram Maharaj, Tukoba and Tukobaraya, was a 17th-century poet-saint of the Bhakti movement in Maharashtra.
The University of Wales (Welsh: Prifysgol Cymru) was a confederal university based in Cardiff, Wales, UK.
Upanayana (उपनयन) is one of the traditional saṃskāras (rites of passage) that marked the acceptance of a student by a guru (teacher) and an individual's entrance to a school in Hinduism.
The Upanishads (उपनिषद्), a part of the Vedas, are ancient Sanskrit texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts and ideas of Hinduism, some of which are shared with religious traditions like Buddhism and Jainism.
Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.
Varkari (meaning "a pilgrim") is a sampradaya (religious movement) within the bhakti spiritual tradition of Hinduism, geographically associated with the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Vedanta (Sanskrit: वेदान्त, IAST) or Uttara Mīmāṃsā is one of the six orthodox (''āstika'') schools of Hindu philosophy.
The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism. Above: A page from the ''Atharvaveda''. The Vedas (Sanskrit: वेद, "knowledge") are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Vishnu (Sanskrit: विष्णु, IAST) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, and the Supreme Being in its Vaishnavism tradition.
Vithoba, also known as Vi(t)thal(a) and Panduranga, is a Hindu deity predominantly worshipped in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
The Yadavas (literally, descended from Yadu) were an ancient Indian people who believed themselves to be descended from Yadu, a mythical king.
Yoga Vasistha (योग-वासिष्ठ, IAST) is a philosophical text attributed to Valmiki, but the real author is unknown.
A yogi (sometimes spelled jogi) is a practitioner of yoga.