108 relations: American Registry for Internet Numbers, Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre, Authentication, Backward compatibility, BIND, Brazil, Bulgaria, C (programming language), Certificate authority, Chain of trust, Country code top-level domain, Cryptographic hash function, Czech Republic, Datagram Transport Layer Security, Denial-of-service attack, Dig (command), Digital signature, Digital Signature Algorithm, DNS management software, DNS root zone, DNS spoofing, DNS zone, DNS zone transfer, DNS-based Authentication of Named Entities, DNSCrypt, DNSCurve, Domain Name System, Domain Name System Security Extensions, EdDSA, Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm, Example.com, Extension mechanisms for DNS, Firefox, Google Chrome, Google Public DNS, GOST, GOST (hash function), Hardware security module, Heinz Heise, ICANN, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Internet Engineering Task Force, Internet Protocol, Internet service provider, Internet Society, Internet Systems Consortium, IPsec, IPv6 address, Knot DNS, List of DNS record types, ..., List of Internet top-level domains, Man-in-the-middle attack, MD5, Message authentication, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, MysqlBind, Name server, Namibia, National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, OpenDNSSEC, Operating system, Perl, PHP, PKCS 11, PowerDNS, Public Interest Registry, Public key infrastructure, Public-key cryptography, Puerto Rico, Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre, Resource Public Key Infrastructure, RIPE, RSA (cryptosystem), S/MIME, Secure Shell, SHA-1, SHA-2, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, Springer Science+Business Media, Steven M. Bellovin, Subdomain, Sweden, TCP Cookie Transactions, TDC A/S, Time to live, Top-level domain, Transport Layer Security, Trust anchor, Trusted third party, TSIG, Unbound (DNS server), United Press International, United States Department of Homeland Security, Verisign, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, .bg, .br, .com, .cz, .edu, .na, .net, .org, .pr, .se. Expand index (58 more) » « Shrink index
The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Canada, the United States, and many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands.
APNIC (the Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre) is the Regional Internet address Registry (RIR) for the Asia-Pacific region.
Authentication (from authentikos, "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης authentes, "author") is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity.
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
BIND, or named, is the most widely used Domain Name System (DNS) software on the Internet.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
In cryptography, a certificate authority or certification authority (CA) is an entity that issues digital certificates.
In computer security, a chain of trust is established by validating each component of hardware and software from the end entity up to the root certificate.
A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code.
A cryptographic hash function is a special class of hash function that has certain properties which make it suitable for use in cryptography.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) is a communications protocol that provides security for datagram-based applications by allowing them to communicate in a way that is designedRFC 4347RFC 6347 to prevent eavesdropping, tampering, or message forgery.
In computing, a denial-of-service attack (DoS attack) is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet.
dig (domain information groper) is a network administration command-line tool for querying Domain Name System (DNS) servers.
A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for presenting the authenticity of digital messages or documents.
The Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) is a Federal Information Processing Standard for digital signatures.
DNS management software is computer software that controls Domain Name System (DNS) server clusters.
The DNS root zone is the top-level DNS zone in the hierarchical namespace of the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet.
DNS spoofing, also referred to as DNS cache poisoning, is a form of computer security hacking in which corrupt Domain Name System data is introduced into the DNS resolver's cache, causing the name server to return an incorrect result record, e.g. an IP address.
A DNS zone is any distinct, contiguous portion of the domain name space in the Domain Name System (DNS) for which administrative responsibility has been delegated to a single manager.
DNS zone transfer, also sometimes known by the inducing DNS query type AXFR, is a type of DNS transaction.
DNS-based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) is a protocol to allow X.509 certificates, commonly used for Transport Layer Security (TLS), to be bound to DNS names using Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC).
DNSCrypt is a network protocol designed by Frank Denis and Yecheng Fu, which authenticates Domain Name System (DNS) traffic between the user's computer and recursive name servers.
DNSCurve is a proposed new secure protocol for the Domain Name System (DNS), designed by Daniel J. Bernstein.
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical decentralized naming system for computers, services, or other resources connected to the Internet or a private network.
The Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) is a suite of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) specifications for securing certain kinds of information provided by the Domain Name System (DNS) as used on Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
In public-key cryptography, Edwards-curve Digital Signature Algorithm (EdDSA) is a digital signature scheme using a variant of Schnorr signature based on Twisted Edwards curves.
In cryptography, the Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) offers a variant of the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) which uses elliptic curve cryptography.
example.com, example.net, example.org, and example.edu are second-level domain names reserved for documentation purposes and examples of the use of domain names.
Extension mechanisms for DNS (EDNS) is a specification for expanding the size of several parameters of the Domain Name System (DNS) protocol which had size restrictions that the Internet engineering community deemed too limited for increasing functionality of the protocol.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.
Google Public DNS is a free Domain Name System (DNS) service offered to Internet users world-wide by Google.
GOST (Russian: ГОСТ) refers to a set of technical standards maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC), a regional standards organization operating under the auspices of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
The GOST hash function, defined in the standards GOST R 34.11-94 and GOST 34.311-95 is a 256-bit cryptographic hash function.
A hardware security module (HSM) is a physical computing device that safeguards and manages digital keys for strong authentication and provides cryptoprocessing.
Heinz Heise is a publishing house based in Hanover, Germany.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces and numericalspaces of the Internet, ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a function of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and Internet numbers.
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet.
The Internet Society (ISOC) is an American non-profit organization founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet-related standards, education, access, and policy.
Internet Systems Consortium, Inc., also known as ISC, is a Delaware-registered, 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation that supports the infrastructure of the universal, self-organizing Internet by developing and maintaining core production-quality software, protocols, and operations.
In computing, Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a secure network protocol suite of IPv4 that authenticates and encrypts the packets of data sent over an IPv4 network.
An Internet Protocol Version 6 address (IPv6 address) is a numerical label that is used to identify a network interface of a computer or a network node participating in an IPv6 computer network.
Knot DNS is an open-source server for the Domain Name System.
This list of DNS record types is an overview of resource records (RRs) permissible in zone files of the Domain Name System (DNS).
This list of Internet top-level domain (TLD) extensions contains top-level domains, which are those domains in the DNS root zone of the Domain Name System of the Internet.
In cryptography and computer security, a man-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is an attack where the attacker secretly relays and possibly alters the communication between two parties who believe they are directly communicating with each other.
The MD5 algorithm is a widely used hash function producing a 128-bit hash value.
In information security, message authentication or data origin authentication is a property that a message has not been modified while in transit (data integrity) and that the receiving party can verify the source of the message.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
mysqlBind/unxsBind is a DNS management software system.
A name server is a computer application that implements a network service for providing responses to queries against a directory service.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce that serves as the President's principal adviser on telecommunications policies pertaining to the United States' economic and technological advancement and to regulation of the telecommunications industry.
OpenDNSSEC is a computer program that manages the security of domain names on the Internet.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (or simply PHP) is a server-side scripting language designed for Web development, but also used as a general-purpose programming language.
In cryptography, PKCS #11 is one of the Public-Key Cryptography Standards, and also refers to the programming interface to create and manipulate cryptographic tokens.
PowerDNS is a DNS server, written in C++ and licensed under the GPL.
Public Interest Registry is a Reston, Virginia-based not-for-profit created by the Internet Society (ISOC) in 2002 to manage the.org top-level domain.
A public key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of roles, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates and manage public-key encryption.
Public-key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
The Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, West Asia, and the former USSR.
Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI), also known as Resource Certification, is a specialized public key infrastructure (PKI) framework designed to secure the Internet's routing infrastructure.
Réseaux IP Européens (RIPE, French for "European IP Networks") is a forum open to all parties with an interest in the technical development of the Internet.
RSA (Rivest–Shamir–Adleman) is one of the first public-key cryptosystems and is widely used for secure data transmission.
S/MIME (Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a standard for public key encryption and signing of MIME data.
Secure Shell (SSH) is a cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network.
In cryptography, SHA-1 (Secure Hash Algorithm 1) is a cryptographic hash function which takes an input and produces a 160-bit (20-byte) hash value known as a message digest - typically rendered as a hexadecimal number, 40 digits long.
SHA-2 (Secure Hash Algorithm 2) is a set of cryptographic hash functions designed by the United States National Security Agency (NSA).
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (email) transmission.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Steven M. Bellovin is a researcher on computer networking and security.
In the Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy, a subdomain is a domain that is a part of a main domain.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
TCP Cookie Transactions (TCPCT) is specified in RFC 6013 (experimental status) as an extension of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) intended to secure it against denial-of-service attacks, such as resource exhaustion by SYN flooding and malicious connection termination by third parties.
TDC A/S or TDC Group (formerly Tele Danmark Communications) is a Danish telecommunications company dating back to 1879.
Time to live (TTL) or hop limit is a mechanism that limits the lifespan or lifetime of data in a computer or network.
A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet.
Transport Layer Security (TLS) – and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), which is now deprecated by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – are cryptographic protocols that provide communications security over a computer network.
In cryptographic systems with hierarchical structure, a trust anchor is an authoritative entity for which trust is assumed and not derived.
In cryptography, a trusted third party (TTP) is an entity which facilitates interactions between two parties who both trust the third party; the Third Party reviews all critical transaction communications between the parties, based on the ease of creating fraudulent digital content.
TSIG (Transaction SIGnature) is a computer-networking protocol defined in RFC 2845.
Unbound is a validating, recursive, and caching DNS resolver product from NLnet Labs.
United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.
The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a cabinet department of the United States federal government with responsibilities in public security, roughly comparable to the interior or home ministries of other countries.
Verisign, Inc. is an American company based in Reston, Virginia, United States that operates a diverse array of network infrastructure, including two of the Internet's thirteen root nameservers, the authoritative registry for the,, and generic top-level domains and the and country-code top-level domains, and the back-end systems for the,, and top-level domains.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows Server 2008 is the second major release of the Windows Server family of operating systems for server computers.
The domain name.bg is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet for Bulgaria.
.br is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Brazil.
The domain name com is a top-level domain (TLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
.cz is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Czech Republic.
The domain name.edu is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
. NA is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Namibia corresponding to the two letter code from the ISO-3166 standard.
The domain name net is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) used in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
The domain name org is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) of the Domain Name System (DNS) used in the Internet.
.pr is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Puerto Rico.
.se is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Sweden (Sverige).