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Domesday Book

Index Domesday Book

Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. [1]

139 relations: Adam of Damerham, Allodial title, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Antiquarian, Arable land, Baldwin FitzGilbert, BBC, BBC Domesday Project, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Bishop of Durham, Bodmin Jail, Boldon Book, Buckinghamshire, Cambridge Inquisition, Cambridgeshire, Catalogus Baronum, Cestui que, Chapter house, Cheshire, City of London, Colophon (publishing), Cornwall, County Durham, County Palatine of Durham, Cumberland, Custumal, Demesne, Derbyshire, Devon, Dialogus de Scaccario, Dorset, Edward the Confessor, Ely Cathedral, Ely Inquiry, Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, English local history, Essex, Exchequer, Exeter, Facsimile, False etymology, Feudal land tenure in England, Fief, Fishing weir, Frederic William Maitland, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Great Fire of London, Hampshire, ..., Henry II of England, Herefordshire, Hertford, Hertfordshire, Hide (unit), HM Prison Shepton Mallet, HM Treasury, Honey, Hundred (county division), Huntingdonshire, John Stow, John, King of England, Kent, Kew, Kingdom of England, Knight's fee, Last Judgment, Latin, Leicestershire, Liber Exoniensis, Lincoln, England, Lincolnshire, Lord High Treasurer, Maidstone, Manor, Manorialism, Medieval demography, Medieval Latin, Middle English, Middlesex, Mint (facility), Nonsuch Palace, Norfolk, Norman conquest of England, Normans, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Odo of Bayeux, Old English, Overlord, Oxfordshire, Palace of Westminster, Parchment, Penenden Heath, Photozincography of Domesday Book, Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England, Public Record Office, Publication of Domesday Book, Quia Emptores, Record type, Return of Owners of Land, 1873, Richard Baker (chronicler), Richard FitzNeal, Robert Riviere, Roman numerals, Rotulus, Salt evaporation pond, Scribal abbreviation, Shropshire, Somerset, Southampton, Staffordshire, Subinfeudation, Surrey, Sussex, Taxatio Ecclesiastica, Tenant-in-chief, The National Archives (United Kingdom), Thegn, Trial of Penenden Heath, Tudor period, UK Data Archive, Warwickshire, Watermill, Welsh Marches, Westminster Abbey, Westmorland, William de St-Calais, William II of England, William the Conqueror, Wiltshire, Winchester, Winton Domesday, Worcestershire, Word play, World War I, World War II, York, Yorkshire. Expand index (89 more) »

Adam of Damerham

Adam of Damerham (sometimes Adam of Domerham (died after 1291), was a Benedictine monk of Glastonbury Abbey, who wrote a history of the abbey, and was active in the ecclesiastical politics of his time.

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Allodial title

Allodial title constitutes ownership of real property (land, buildings, and fixtures) that is independent of any superior landlord.

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.

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An antiquarian or antiquary (from the Latin: antiquarius, meaning pertaining to ancient times) is an aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.

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Arable land

Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

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Baldwin FitzGilbert

Baldwin FitzGilbert (died 1090) (alias Baldwin the Sheriff, Baldwin of Exeter, Baldwin de Meulles/Moels and Baldwin du Sap) was a Norman magnate and one of the 52 Devon Domesday Book tenants-in-chief of King William the Conqueror.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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BBC Domesday Project

The BBC Domesday Project was a partnership between Acorn Computers, Philips, Logica and the BBC (with some funding from the European Commission's ESPRIT programme) to mark the 900th anniversary of the original Domesday Book, an 11th-century census of England.

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Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds.) is a county in the East of England.

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Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.

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Bishop of Durham

The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.

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Bodmin Jail

Bodmin Jail (alternatively Bodmin Gaol) is an historic former prison situated in Bodmin, on the edge of Bodmin Moor in Cornwall.

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Boldon Book

The Boldon Book contains the results of a survey of the bishopric of Durham that was completed on the orders of Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham, in 1183, designed to assist the administration of the vast diocesan estates.

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Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

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Cambridge Inquisition

The Cambridge Inquisition – Inquisitio Comitatus Cantabrigiensis or ICC – is one of the most important of the satellite surveys relating to Domesday Book.

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Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.), is an East Anglian county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west.

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Catalogus Baronum

The Catalogus Baronum ("Catalogue of the Barons") was a collection of registers of the military obligations owed by the barons of the Kingdom of Sicily.

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Cestui que

Cestui que (also cestuy que, "cestui a que") is a shortened version of cestui a que use le feoffment fuit fait, literally, "The person for whose use the feoffment was made." It is a Law French phrase of medieval English invention, which appears in the legal phrases cestui que trust, cestui que use, or cestui que vie.

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Chapter house

A chapter house or chapterhouse is a building or room that is part of a cathedral, monastery or collegiate church in which larger meetings are held.

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Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.

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City of London

The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.

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Colophon (publishing)

In publishing, a colophon is a brief statement containing information about the publication of a book such as the place of publication, the publisher, and the date of publication.

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Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

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County Durham

County Durham (locally) is a county in North East England.

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County Palatine of Durham

The County Palatine of Durham was an area in the North of England that was controlled by the Bishop of Durham.

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Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.

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A custumal is a medieval English document, usually edited and composed over time, that stipulates the economic, political, and social customs of a manor or town.

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In the feudal system, the demesne was all the land which was retained by a lord of the manor for his own use and support, under his own management, as distinguished from land sub-enfeoffed by him to others as sub-tenants.

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Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.

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Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.

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Dialogus de Scaccario

The Dialogus de Scaccario, or Dialogue concerning the Exchequer, is a mediaeval treatise on the practice of the English Exchequer written in the late 12th century by Richard FitzNeal.

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Dorset (archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.

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Edward the Confessor

Edward the Confessor (Ēadƿeard Andettere, Eduardus Confessor; 1003 – 5 January 1066), also known as Saint Edward the Confessor, was among the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England.

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Ely Cathedral

Ely Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in the city of Ely, Cambridgeshire, England.

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Ely Inquiry

The Ely Inquiry or Inquisitio Eliensis was a satellite of the 1086 Domesday survey.

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Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition

The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–11) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica.

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English local history

Local history is the study of the history of a relatively small geographic area; typically a specific settlement, parish or county.

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Essex is a county in the East of England.

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In the civil service of the United Kingdom, Her Majesty’s Exchequer, or just the Exchequer, is the accounting process of central government and the government's current account i.e. money held from taxation and other government revenues in the Consolidated Fund.

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Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).

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A facsimile (from Latin fac simile (to 'make alike')) is a copy or reproduction of an old book, manuscript, map, art print, or other item of historical value that is as true to the original source as possible.

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False etymology

A false etymology (popular etymology, etymythology, pseudo-etymology, or par(a)etymology), sometimes called folk etymology – although the last term is also a technical term in linguistics - is a popularly held but false belief about the origin or derivation of a specific word.

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Feudal land tenure in England

Under the English feudal system several different forms of land tenure existed, each effectively a contract with differing rights and duties attached thereto.

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A fief (feudum) was the central element of feudalism and consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or "in fee") in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty.

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Fishing weir

A fishing weir, fish weir, fishgarth or kiddle is an obstruction placed in tidal waters, or wholly or partially across a river, to direct the passage of, or trap fish.

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Frederic William Maitland

Frederic William Maitland, FBA (28 May 1850 – 19 December 1906) was an English historian and lawyer who is generally regarded as the modern father of English legal history.

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Gloucester is a city and district in Gloucestershire, England, of which it is the county town.

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Gloucestershire (formerly abbreviated as Gloucs. in print but now often as Glos.) is a county in South West England.

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Great Fire of London

The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the English city of London from Sunday, 2 September to Thursday, 6 of September 1666.

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Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.

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Henry II of England

Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.

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Herefordshire is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council.

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Hertford is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county.

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Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

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Hide (unit)

The hide was an English unit of land measurement originally intended to represent the amount of land sufficient to support a household.

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HM Prison Shepton Mallet

HMP Shepton Mallet, sometimes known as Cornhill, is a former prison located in Shepton Mallet, Somerset, England.

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HM Treasury

Her Majesty's Treasury (HM Treasury), sometimes referred to as the Exchequer, or more informally the Treasury, is the British government department responsible for developing and executing the government's public finance policy and economic policy.

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Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.

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Hundred (county division)

A hundred is an administrative division that is geographically part of a larger region.

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Huntingdonshire (abbreviated Hunts) is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire, as well as a historic county of England.

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John Stow

John Stow (also Stowe; 1524/25 – 5 April 1605) was an English historian and antiquarian.

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John, King of England

John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.

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Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.

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Kew is a suburban district in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, north-east of Richmond and west by south-west of Charing Cross; its population at the 2011 Census was 11,436.

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Kingdom of England

The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.

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Knight's fee

In feudal Anglo-Norman England and Ireland, a knight's fee was a unit measure of land deemed sufficient to support a knight.

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Last Judgment

The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, Doomsday, or The Day of the Lord (Hebrew Yom Ha Din) (יום הדין) or in Arabic Yawm al-Qiyāmah (یوم القيامة) or Yawm ad-Din (یوم الدین) is part of the eschatological world view of the Abrahamic religions and in the Frashokereti of Zoroastrianism.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Leicestershire (abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands.

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Liber Exoniensis

The Liber Exoniensis or Exon Domesday is a composite land and tax register associated with the Domesday Survey of 1086, covering much of Southwest England.

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Lincoln, England

Lincoln is a cathedral city and the county town of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands of England.

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Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.

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Lord High Treasurer

The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707.

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Maidstone is a large, historically important town in Kent, England, of which it is the county town.

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A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court.

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Manorialism was an essential element of feudal society.

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Medieval demography

Medieval demography is the study of human demography in Europe and the Mediterranean during the Middle Ages.

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Medieval Latin

Medieval Latin was the form of Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange, as the liturgical language of Chalcedonian Christianity and the Roman Catholic Church, and as a language of science, literature, law, and administration.

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Middle English

Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.

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Middlesex (abbreviation: Middx) is an historic county in south-east England.

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Mint (facility)

A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used in currency.

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Nonsuch Palace

Nonsuch Palace was a Tudor royal palace, built by Henry VIII in Surrey, England; it stood from 1538 to 1682–83.

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Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England.

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Norman conquest of England

The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.

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The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.

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Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England.

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Nottinghamshire (pronounced or; abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west.

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Odo of Bayeux

Odo of Bayeux (died 1097), Earl of Kent and Bishop of Bayeux, was the half-brother of William the Conqueror, and was, for a time, second in power after the King of England.

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Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

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An overlord in the English feudal system was a lord of a manor who had subinfeudated a particular manor, estate or fee, to a tenant.

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Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Oxonium, the Latin name for Oxford) is a county in South East England.

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Palace of Westminster

The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.

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Penenden Heath

Penenden Heath is a suburb in the town of Maidstone in Kent, England.

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Photozincography of Domesday Book

In the 1860s the first facsimile of Domesday Book was created by the process of photozincography (later termed zinco), and was executed under the directorship of Henry James at the Southampton offices of the Ordnance Survey.

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Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) is a database and associated website that aims to collate everything that was written in contemporary records about anyone who lived in Anglo-Saxon England, in a prosopography.

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Public Record Office

The Public Record Office (abbreviated as PRO, pronounced as three letters and referred to as the PRO), Chancery Lane in the City of London, was the guardian of the national archives of the United Kingdom from 1838 until 2003, when it was merged with the Historical Manuscripts Commission to form The National Archives, based at Kew.

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Publication of Domesday Book

The text of the Domesday Book, the record of the great survey of England completed in 1086 executed for William I of England, was first edited by Abraham Farley in the 1770s.

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Quia Emptores

Quia Emptores is a statute passed in the reign of Edward I of England in 1290 that prevented tenants from alienating their lands to others by subinfeudation, instead requiring all tenants who wished to alienate their land to do so by substitution.

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Record type

Record type is a family of typefaces designed to allow medieval manuscripts (specifically those from England) to be published as near-facsimiles of the originals.

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Return of Owners of Land, 1873

The two-volume Return of Owners of Land, 1873 is the first complete picture of the distribution of land in the British Isles since the 1086 Domesday Book.

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Richard Baker (chronicler)

Sir Richard Baker (c. 1568 – 18 February 1645) was a politician, historian and religious writer.

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Richard FitzNeal

Richard FitzNeal (c. 1130 – 10 September 1198) was a churchman and bureaucrat in the service of Henry II of England.

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Robert Riviere

Robert Riviere (30 June 1808, London — 12 April 1882, London) was an English bookbinder of Huguenot descent.

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Roman numerals

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

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A rotulus (plural: rotuli) is a kind of roll consisting of a long and narrow strip of writing material, historically papyrus or parchment, that is wound around a wooden axle or rod and is written on its interior face or side such that it is unwound vertically so that the writing runs parallel to the rod, unlike the other kind of roll, namely the "scroll", whose writing runs perpendicular to the rod in multiple columns.

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Salt evaporation pond

San Francisco Bay salt ponds salar'' is rich in lithium, and the mine concentrates the brine in the ponds Contemporary solar evaporation salt pans on the island of Lanzarote at Salinas de Janubio Solar evaporation ponds in the Atacama Desert Solar evaporation ponds in the Salt Valley of Añana, Spain Solar evaporation ponds in the Salt Valley of Añana, Spain A salt evaporation pond is a shallow artificial salt pan designed to extract salts from sea water or other brines.

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Scribal abbreviation

Scribal abbreviations or sigla (singular: siglum or sigil) are the abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in Latin, and later in Greek and Old Norse.

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Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.

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Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.

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Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.

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Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England.

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In English law, subinfeudation is the practice by which tenants, holding land under the king or other superior lord, carved out new and distinct tenures in their turn by sub-letting or alienating a part of their lands.

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Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.

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Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.

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Taxatio Ecclesiastica

The Taxatio Ecclesiastica, often referred to as the Taxatio Nicholai or just the Taxatio, compiled in 1291–92 under the order of Pope Nicholas IV, is a detailed database valuation for ecclesiastical taxation of English, Welsh, and Irish parish churches and prebends.

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In medieval and early modern Europe the term tenant-in-chief (or vassal-in-chief), denoted a person who held his lands under various forms of feudal land tenure directly from the king or territorial prince to whom he did homage, as opposed to holding them from another nobleman or senior member of the clergy.

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The National Archives (United Kingdom)

The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.

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The term thegn (thane or thayn in Shakespearean English), from Old English þegn, ðegn, "servant, attendant, retainer", "one who serves", is commonly used to describe either an aristocratic retainer of a king or nobleman in Anglo-Saxon England, or, as a class term, the majority of the aristocracy below the ranks of ealdormen and high-reeves.

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Trial of Penenden Heath

The trial of Penenden Heath occurred in the decade after Norman Conquest of England in 1066, probably in 1076, and involved a dispute between Odo Bishop of Bayeux, half-brother of William the Conqueror and Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury and others.

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Tudor period

The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.

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UK Data Archive

The UK Data Archive is a national centre of expertise in data archiving in the United Kingdom (UK).

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Warwickshire (abbreviated Warks) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England.

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A watermill or water mill is a mill that uses hydropower.

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Welsh Marches

The Welsh Marches (Y Mers) is an imprecisely defined area along and around the border between England and Wales in the United Kingdom.

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Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.

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Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland;R. Wilkinson The British Isles, Sheet The British Isles. even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland) is a historic county in north west England.

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William de St-Calais

William de St-Calais (died 1096) was a medieval Norman monk, abbot of the abbey of Saint-Vincent in Le Mans in Maine, who was nominated by King William I of England as Bishop of Durham in 1080.

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William II of England

William II (Old Norman: Williame; – 2 August 1100), the third son of William the Conqueror, was King of England from 1087 until 1100, with powers over Normandy, and influence in Scotland.

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William the Conqueror

William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.

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Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.

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Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.

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Winton Domesday

The Winton Domesday or Liber Winton is a 12th-century English administrative document recording the landholdings in the city of Winchester together with their tenants and the rents and services due from them.

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Worcestershire (written abbreviation: Worcs) is a county in the West Midlands of England.

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Word play

Word play or wordplay (also: play-on-words) is a literary technique and a form of wit in which words used become the main subject of the work, primarily for the purpose of intended effect or amusement.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.

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Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domesday_Book

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