182 relations: Aesthetics, Agaricus bisporus, Agriculture, American Chemical Society, Americas, Anarcho-primitivism, Animal husbandry, Annelid, Anseriformes, Ant–fungus mutualism, Anthropology, Anthrozoology, Antibiotic, Aphytis (insect), Apple, Archaeology, Arthropod, Australia, Aviculture, Bean, Before Present, Biological pest control, Bird, Bombyx mori, Botany, Calabash, California, Camelid, Cassava, Ceramic, Cereal, Charles Darwin, Chicken, Chrysolina, Cisgenesis, City-state, Civilization, Cnidaria, Cochineal, Cockfight, Coevolution, Columbian Exchange, Crop wild relative, Crustacean, Cucurbita, Cultigen, Demography, Dog, Domestic pigeon, Domestication islands, ..., Domestication of animals, Domestication of the horse, Domestication theory, Donkey, Drosophila melanogaster, Drupe, Duck, Echinoderm, Ecology, Environmental science, Epipalaeolithic Near East, Epiphysis, Ethology, Eucelatoria, Eurasia, Evolution, Experimental evolution, Fertile Crescent, Fitness (biology), Flatworm, Fungus, Galliformes, Gardening, Gene flow, Genetic diversity, Genetic engineering, Genetic erosion, Genetics, Genetics (journal), Genomics of domestication, Goat, Goose, Gray wolf, Grey junglefowl, Guineafowl, Guns, Germs, and Steel, Helix (gastropod), Hierarchy, History of agriculture, History of plant breeding, Honey, Honey bee, Horse, Horticulture, Houseplant, Hunter-gatherer, Hydra (genus), Influenza, Insect, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Invertebrate, Jared Diamond, Landrace, Late Pleistocene, Latin, Leafcutter ant, Legume, Livestock, Loligo, Macadamia, Maize, Marker-assisted selection, Mating system, Measles, Microarray, Middle East, Millet, Mollusca, Murex, Mutualism (biology), Natural selection, Neural crest, Neurocristopathy, Neurology, Nomad, Octopus, Olive, Organism, Origin of the domestic dog, Palatability, Paleontology, Parasitism, Parrot, Paul Shepard, Pea, Peanut clump virus, Pecan, Penicillium, Perennial plant, Pet, Phenotype, Photoperiodism, Phylum, Piebald, Pig, Pollination, Poultry, Poxviridae, Pupa, Red junglefowl, Reproduction, Rhinovirus, Rice, Rye, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Seed dormancy, Selective breeding, Self-domestication, Sepia (genus), Shattering (agriculture), Sheep, Shellac, Songbird, Southern Africa, Southern Cone, Soybean, Swan, Symbiosis, Syria, Tame animal, Tell Abu Hureyra, The Land Institute, The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, Thorns, spines, and prickles, Timeline of agriculture and food technology, Tuberculosis, Turkey (bird), Vigna subterranea, Western honey bee, Wheat, Zoology, Zoonosis. Expand index (132 more) » « Shrink index
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
Agaricus bisporus is an edible basidiomycete mushroom native to grasslands in Europe and North America.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Anarcho-primitivism is an anarchist critique of the origins and progress of civilization.
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.
The annelids (Annelida, from Latin anellus, "little ring"), also known as the ringed worms or segmented worms, are a large phylum, with over 22,000 extant species including ragworms, earthworms, and leeches.
Anseriformes is an order of birds that comprise about 180 living species in three families: Anhimidae (the screamers), Anseranatidae (the magpie goose), and Anatidae, the largest family, which includes over 170 species of waterfowl, among them the ducks, geese, and swans.
Ant–fungus mutualism is a symbiosis seen in certain ant and fungal species, in which ants actively cultivate fungus much like humans farm crops as a food source.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Anthrozoology (also known as human–non-human-animal studies, or HAS) is the subset of ethnobiology that deals with interactions between humans and other animals.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Aphytis is a genus of chalcid wasp in the Aphelinidae family.
An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila).
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Aviculture is the practice of keeping and breeding birds and the culture that forms around it.
A bean is a seed of one of several genera of the flowering plant family Fabaceae, which are used for human or animal food.
Before Present (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past.
Biological control or biocontrol is a method of controlling pests such as insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases using other organisms.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar or imago of the domestic silkmoth, Bombyx mori (Latin: "silkworm of the mulberry tree").
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
A calabash, bottle gourd, or white-flowered gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, also known by many other names, including long melon, New Guinea bean and Tasmania bean, is a vine grown for its fruit, which can be either harvested young to be consumed as a vegetable, or harvested mature to be dried and used as a utensil.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Camelids are members of the biological family Camelidae, the only currently living family in the suborder Tylopoda.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl.
Chrysolina is a large genus of leaf beetles in the subfamily Chrysomelinae.
Cisgenesis is a product designation for a category of genetically engineered plants.
A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.
A civilization or civilisation (see English spelling differences) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
Cnidaria is a phylum containing over 10,000 species of animals found exclusively in aquatic (freshwater and marine) environments: they are predominantly marine species.
The cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the natural dye carmine is derived.
A cockfight is a blood sport between two cocks, or gamecocks, held in a ring called a cockpit.
In biology, coevolution occurs when two or more species reciprocally affect each other's evolution.
The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.
A crop wild relative (CWR) is a wild plant closely related to a domesticated plant, whose geographic origins can be traced to regions known as Vavilov Centers (named for the pioneering botanist Nikolai Vavilov).
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Cucurbita (Latin for gourd) is a genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, also known as cucurbits, native to the Andes and Mesoamerica.
A cultigen (from the Latin cultus – cultivated, and gens – kind) is a plant that has been deliberately altered or selected by humans; it is the result of artificial selection.
Demography (from prefix demo- from Ancient Greek δῆμος dēmos meaning "the people", and -graphy from γράφω graphō, implies "writing, description or measurement") is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings.
The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the gray wolf or Canis familiaris when considered a distinct species) is a member of the genus Canis (canines), which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and is the most widely abundant terrestrial carnivore.
The domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) is a pigeon subspecies that was derived from the rock dove (also called the rock pigeon).
Domestication islands refers to regions within DNA that do not change despite gene flow between wild and domesticated species.
The domestication of animals is the mutual relationship between animals and the humans who have influence on their care and reproduction.
A number of hypotheses exist on many of the key issues regarding the domestication of the horse.
Domestication theory is an approach in science and technology studies and media studies that describe the processes by which innovations, especially new technology is 'tamed' or appropriated by its users.
The donkey or ass (Equus africanus asinus) is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae.
Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae.
In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.
Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the waterfowl family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese.
Echinoderm is the common name given to any member of the phylum Echinodermata (from Ancient Greek, ἐχῖνος, echinos – "hedgehog" and δέρμα, derma – "skin") of marine animals.
Ecology (from οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanology, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography (geodesy), and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.
In the prehistory of the Near East, the Epipalaeolithic ("Final Old Stone Age") is the period after the Upper Palaeolithic and before the Neolithic, between approximately 20,000 and 10,000 years Before Present (BP).
The epiphysis is the rounded end of a long bone, at its joint with adjacent bone(s).
Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.
Eucelatoria is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Experimental evolution is the use of laboratory experiments or controlled field manipulations to explore evolutionary dynamics.
The Fertile Crescent (also known as the "cradle of civilization") is a crescent-shaped region where agriculture and early human civilizations like the Sumer and Ancient Egypt flourished due to inundations from the surrounding Nile, Euphrates, and Tigris rivers.
Fitness (often denoted w or ω in population genetics models) is the quantitative representation of natural and sexual selection within evolutionary biology.
The flatworms, flat worms, Platyhelminthes, Plathelminthes, or platyhelminths (from the Greek πλατύ, platy, meaning "flat" and ἕλμινς (root: ἑλμινθ-), helminth-, meaning "worm") are a phylum of relatively simple bilaterian, unsegmented, soft-bodied invertebrates.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Galliformes is an order of heavy-bodied ground-feeding birds that includes turkey, grouse, chicken, New World quail and Old World quail, ptarmigan, partridge, pheasant, junglefowl and the Cracidae.
Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture.
In population genetics, gene flow (also known as gene migration or allele flow) is the transfer of genetic variation from one population to another.
Genetic diversity is the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
Genetic erosion is a process where the limited gene pool of an endangered species diminishes even more when reproductive individuals die off before reproducing low population.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
Genetics is a monthly scientific journal publishing investigations bearing on heredity, genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology.
Domesticated species and the human populations that domesticate them are typified by a mutualistic relationship of interdependence, in which humans have over thousands of years modified the genomics of domesticated species.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
Geese are waterfowl of the family Anatidae.
The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).
The grey junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii), also known as Sonnerat's junglefowl, is one of the wild ancestors of domestic fowl together with the red junglefowl and other junglefowls.
Guineafowl (sometimes called "pet speckled hen", or "original fowl" or guineahen) are birds of the family Numididae in the order Galliformes.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13,000 years) is a 1997 transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
Helix is a genus of large air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively.
Plant breeding started with sedentary agriculture, particularly the domestication of the first agricultural plants, a practice which is estimated to date back 9,000 to 11,000 years.
Honey is a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects.
A honey bee (or honeybee) is any member of the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests from wax.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar).
A houseplant is a plant that is grown indoors in places such as residences and offices.
A hunter-gatherer is a human living in a society in which most or all food is obtained by foraging (collecting wild plants and pursuing wild animals), in contrast to agricultural societies, which rely mainly on domesticated species.
Hydra is a genus of small, fresh-water organisms of the phylum Cnidaria and class Hydrozoa.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is an International organization which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru (Hyderabad, Telangana, India) with several regional centers (Bamako (Mali), Nairobi (Kenya)) and research stations (Niamey (Niger), Kano (Nigeria), Lilongwe (Malawi), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Bulawayo (Zimbabwe)).
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
Jared Mason Diamond (born September 10, 1937) is an American ecologist, geographer, biologist, anthropologist and author best known for his popular science books The Third Chimpanzee (1991); Guns, Germs, and Steel (1997, awarded a Pulitzer Prize); Collapse (2005); and The World Until Yesterday (2012).
A landrace is a domesticated, locally adapted, traditional variety of a species of animal or plant that has developed over time, through adaptation to its natural and cultural environment of agriculture and pastoralism, and due to isolation from other populations of the species.
The Late Pleistocene is a geochronological age of the Pleistocene Epoch and is associated with Upper Pleistocene or Tarantian stage Pleistocene series rocks.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leafcutter ants, a non-generic name, are any of 47 species of leaf-chewing ants belonging to the two genera Atta and Acromyrmex.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Loligo is a genus of squid and one of the most representative and widely distributed groups of myopsid squid.
Macadamia is a genus of four species of trees indigenous to Australia, and constituting part of the plant family Proteaceae.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Marker assisted selection or marker aided selection (MAS) is an indirect selection process where a trait of interest is selected based on a marker (morphological, biochemical or DNA/RNA variation) linked to a trait of interest (e.g. productivity, disease resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, and quality), rather than on the trait itself.
A mating system is a way in which a group is structured in relation to sexual behaviour.
Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus.
A microarray is a multiplex lab-on-a-chip.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
Murex is a genus of medium to large sized predatory tropical sea snails.
Mutualism or interspecific cooperation is the way two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other.
Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.
Neural crest cells are a temporary group of cells unique to chordates of the group Cristozoa that arise from the embryonic ectoderm cell layer, and in turn give rise to a diverse cell lineage—including melanocytes, craniofacial cartilage and bone, smooth muscle, peripheral and enteric neurons and glia.
Neurocristopathy is a diverse class of pathologies that may arise from defects in the development of tissues containing cells commonly derived from the embryonic neural crest cell lineage.
Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.
A nomad (νομάς, nomas, plural tribe) is a member of a community of people who live in different locations, moving from one place to another in search of grasslands for their animals.
The octopus (or ~) is a soft-bodied, eight-armed mollusc of the order Octopoda.
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
The origin of the domestic dog is not clear.
Palatability is the hedonic reward (i.e., pleasure) provided by foods or fluids that are agreeable to the "palate", which often varies relative to the homeostatic satisfaction of nutritional, water, or energy needs.
Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present).
In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.
Parrots, also known as psittacines, are birds of the roughly 393 species in 92 genera that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions.
Paul Howe Shepard, Jr. (June 12, 1925 – July 27, 1996) was an American environmentalist and author best known for introducing the "Pleistocene paradigm" to deep ecology.
The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.
Peanut clump virus (IPCV) is a plant pathogenic virus.
The pecan (Carya illinoinensis) is a species of hickory native to Mexico and the Southern United States.
Penicillium ascomycetous fungi are of major importance in the natural environment as well as food and drug production.
A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years.
A pet or companion animal is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, protection, or entertainment rather than as a working animal, livestock, or laboratory animal.
A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).
Photoperiodism is the physiological reaction of organisms to the length of day or night.
In biology, a phylum (plural: phyla) is a level of classification or taxonomic rank below Kingdom and above Class.
A piebald or pied animal is one that has a pattern of pigmented spots on an unpigmented (white) background of hair, feathers or scales.
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a male part of a plant to a female part of a plant, enabling later fertilisation and the production of seeds, most often by an animal or by wind.
Poultry are domesticated birds kept by humans for their eggs, their meat or their feathers.
Poxviridae is a family of viruses.
A pupa (pūpa, "doll"; plural: pūpae) is the life stage of some insects undergoing transformation between immature and mature stages.
The red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) is a tropical member of the family Phasianidae.
Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".
The rhinovirus (from the Greek ῥίς rhis "nose", ῥινός rhinos "of the nose", and the Latin vīrus) is the most common viral infectious agent in humans and is the predominant cause of the common cold.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a species of yeast.
A dormant seed is one that is unable to germinate in a specified period of time under a combination of environmental factors that are normally suitable for the germination of the non-dormant seed.
Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.
Self-domestication is the process of adaptation of wild animals to humans, without direct human selective breeding of the animals.
Sepia is a genus of cuttlefish in the family Sepiidae encompassing some of the best known and most common species.
In agriculture, shattering is the dispersal of a crop's seeds upon their becoming ripe.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.
A songbird is a bird belonging to the clade Passeri of the perching birds (Passeriformes).
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
The Southern Cone (Cono Sur, Cone Sul) is a geographic and cultural region composed of the southernmost areas of South America, south of and around the Tropic of Capricorn.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus.
Symbiosis (from Greek συμβίωσις "living together", from σύν "together" and βίωσις "living") is any type of a close and long-term biological interaction between two different biological organisms, be it mutualistic, commensalistic, or parasitic.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
A tame animal is an animal that is relatively tolerant of human presence.
Tell Abu Hureyra (تل أبو هريرة) is an archaeological site in the Euphrates valley in modern Syria.
The Land Institute is a non-profit research, education, and policy organization dedicated to sustainable agriculture based in Salina, Kansas, United States.
The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication is a book by Charles Darwin that was first published in January 1868.
In plant morphology, thorns, spines, and prickles, and in general spinose structures (sometimes called spinose teeth or spinose apical processes), are hard, rigid extensions or modifications of leaves, roots, stems or buds with sharp, stiff ends, and generally serve the same function: physically deterring animals from eating the plant material.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
The turkey is a large bird in the genus Meleagris, which is native to the Americas.
Vigna subterranea (also known by its common names: Bambara nut, Bambara-bean, Congo goober, earth pea, ground-bean, or hog-peanut) is a member of the family Fabaceae.
The western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is the most common of the 7–12 species of honey bee worldwide.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.
Zoonoses are infectious diseases that can be transmitted between animals and humans.
Bird domestication, Domesication, Domesticate, Domesticated, Domestication of birds, Domestication of insects, Domestication of invertebrates, Domestication of molluscs, Domestication of plants, Domestication syndrome, History of domestication, Insect domestication, Invertebrate domestication, Mollusc domestication, Plant domestication, Semi-domestic animal, Semi-domestic plant, Semi-domestic plants, Semi-domesticated animal, Semi-domesticated animals, Semi-domesticated plant, Semi-domesticated plants.