268 relations: A Midsummer Night's Dream, Aesop, African wild ass, American mammoth donkey, Americas, Amharic, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Animal cognition, Animal Farm, Animal-borne bomb attacks, Apuleius, Arab world, Arabian Peninsula, Arizona, Asinara donkey, Association football, Atlas wild ass, Au Hasard Balthazar, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, Balaam, Benjamin (Animal Farm), Bible, Book of Genesis, Book of Zechariah, Botswana, Brighty of the Grand Canyon, Buridan's ass, Burkina Faso, Buttocks, C. S. Lewis, California, Carl Linnaeus, Cartoon, Catalan donkey, Caulkin, Cavalry, Cecum, Chariot, China, Christopher Columbus, Chromosome, Cognate, Colic, Compulsory voting, Criollo people, Cruelty to animals, Cunt, Cyprus, Dacha, ..., DAD-IS, Damascus, Democratic centralism, Democratic Party (United States), Desert, Dietary fiber, Dionysus, Domestication, Domestication of the horse, Don (honorific), Don Quixote, Donkey, Donkey (Shrek), Donkey basketball, Donkey milk, Donkey rides, Donkey vote, Donkey-hide gelatin, Dun gene, Eddie Murphy, Eeyore, Egypt, El Salvador, Endangered species, Equidae, Estrous cycle, Ethiopia, Ethology, Etymology, European ass, Fantasia (1940 film), Feral, Feral donkeys in Australia, Feral horse, Firstborn (Judaism), Foal, Food and Agriculture Organization, Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, Gaius Julius Hyginus, Gallipoli Campaign, George Orwell, Gold rush, Gospel of John, Gospel of Matthew, Greek mythology, Guatemala, Guo Li Zhuang, Gut flora, Harem (zoology), Harper's Weekly, Harvard Oriental Series, Hay, Hindgut fermentation, Hinduism, Hinny, Hispaniola, Hitopadesha, Homer, Homophone, Hor-Aha, Horse, Horse gait, Horse meat, Horse teeth, Horseshoe, Human digestive system, Hybrid (biology), Hyperlipidemia, Iberian Peninsula, Indo-European languages, Infertility, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Iran, Israel, Italian Army, Jalisco, Jean Buridan, Jennet, Jerusalem, Jesus, Jewish state, Jews, John Simpson Kirkpatrick, Juan de Oñate, Juan de Zumárraga, Juan Ramón Jiménez, Kalaratri, Kashrut, Kenya, Kiang, Laminitis, Large intestine, List of cultural icons of Russia, List of donkey breeds, List of The Chronicles of Narnia characters, Loanword, Maadi, Mali, Mare, Mating, Matthew Fort, Measles, Mecca, Merriam-Webster, Mesopotamia, Messiah, Mexico, Midas, Miguel de Cervantes, Mitzvah, Mule, Nablus, Narmer, National symbols of Catalonia, Neolithic, Nevada, New Testament, Nicaragua, Niger, Nubia, Nubian wild ass, Old Testament, Onager, Onolatry, Oregon, Orthodox Judaism, Ox, Pack animal, Pakistan, Palm Sunday, Panchatantra, Parchment, Party of Donkeys, Pashto, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Peptic ulcer disease, Peter Bell (Wordsworth), Petter Chamor, Placer mining, Poitou donkey, Poker, Portuguese language, President of Russia, Principle of Priority, Prokhor, Proletariat, Prospecting, Proverb, Ra, Ranked voting, Rio Grande, Robert Bresson, Robert Louis Stevenson, Roger L'Estrange, Rooster, Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps, Ruminant, Russian presidential election, 2012, Safe Haven for Donkeys in the Holy Land, Sancho Panza, Sardinia, Science (journal), Scorpion, Self-preservation, Senegal, Shechem, Sheep, Shrek (franchise), Silenus, Simile, Slapstick film, Sled, Somali wild ass, Somalia, Spanish language, Stallion, Straw, Synonym, Talmud, Tanzania, Texas, The Ass in the Lion's Skin, The Donkey Sanctuary, The Golden Ass, The Last Battle, The Messiah's Donkey, The Walt Disney Company, Third World, Thomas Nast, Traditional medicine, Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes, Troika (driving), Uganda, Unclean animal, Underdevelopment, Utah, Vahana, Viticulture, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Whip, Whooping cough, Wild horse, William Shakespeare, William Wordsworth, Winnie-the-Pooh, Withers, Working animal, World Animal Protection, World Bank, Zebra, Zebroid, Zeus, Zionism, Zohar, 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Expand index (218 more) » « Shrink index
A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in 1595/96.
Aesop (Αἴσωπος,; c. 620 – 564 BCE) was a Greek fabulist and storyteller credited with a number of fables now collectively known as Aesop's Fables.
The African wild ass or African wild donkey (Equus africanus) is a wild member of the horse family, Equidae.
The American mammoth donkey, commonly known as the mammoth jack, American mammoth or American mammoth jack, is a landrace of North American donkey, descended from multiple breeds of donkey imported to the United States.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amharic (or; Amharic: አማርኛ) is one of the Ethiopian Semitic languages, which are a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Animal cognition describes the mental capacities of non-human animals and the study of those capacities.
Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945.
Animal-borne bomb attacks are the use of animals as delivery systems for explosives.
Apuleius (also called Lucius Apuleius Madaurensis; c. 124 – c. 170 AD) was a Latin-language prose writer, Platonist philosopher and rhetorician.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
The Asinara donkey, italic, is a breed of feral donkey indigenous to the island of Asinara, which lies off the north-west coast of Sardinia, Italy, in the province of Sassari.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Atlas wild ass (Equus africanus atlanticus), also known as Algerian wild ass, is a purported extinct subspecies of the African wild ass that was once found across North Africa and parts of the Sahara.
Au hasard Balthazar (meaning "Balthazar, at Random"), also known as Balthazar, is a 1966 French tragedy film directed by Robert Bresson.
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
Balaam /ˈbeɪlæm/ (Standard Bilʻam Tiberian Bileʻām) is a diviner in the Torah, his story begins in Chapter 22 in the Book of Numbers.
Benjamin is a donkey in George Orwell's novel Animal Farm.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
The Book of Zechariah, attributed to the Hebrew prophet Zechariah, is included in the Twelve Minor Prophets in the Hebrew Bible.
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
Brighty of the Grand Canyon is a 1953 children's novel by Marguerite Henry and a 1967 film of the same name based on the novel.
Buridan's ass is an illustration of a paradox in philosophy in the conception of free will.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.
The buttocks (singular: buttock) are two rounded portions of the anatomy, located on the posterior of the pelvic region of primates (including humans), and many other bipeds or quadrupeds, and comprise a layer of fat superimposed on the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
A cartoon is a type of illustration, possibly animated, typically in a non-realistic or semi-realistic style.
The Catalan donkey ('Ase Català' or Ruc Català;,; 'Asno Catalán') is a breed of large domestic donkey from Catalonia, in north-eastern Spain and south-western France.
A caulkin (or caulk; US spelling "calkin" or "calk") from the Latin calx (the heel) is a blunt projection on a horseshoe that is often forged, welded or brazed onto the shoe.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
The cecum or caecum (plural ceca; from the Latin caecus meaning blind) is an intraperitoneal pouch that is considered to be the beginning of the large intestine.
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.
A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Colic or cholic (pronounced,, from Greek κολικός kolikos, "relative to the colon") is a form of pain that starts and stops abruptly.
Compulsory voting refers to laws which require eligible citizens to register and vote in national and/or local elections.
The Criollo is a term which, in modern times, has diverse meanings, but is most commonly associated with Latin Americans who are of full or near full Spanish descent, distinguishing them from both multi-racial Latin Americans and Latin Americans of post-colonial (and not necessarily Spanish) European immigrant origin.
Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, animal neglect or animal cruelty, is the infliction by omission (animal neglect) or by commission by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human animal.
Cunt is a vulgar word for the vulva or vagina and is also used as a term of disparagement.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
A dacha (a) is a seasonal or year-round second home, often located in the exurbs of Russian and other post-Soviet cities.
DAD-IS is the acronym of the worldwide Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, within the FAO's management of animal genetic resources programme.
Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.
Democratic centralism is a method of leadership in which political decisions reached by the party through its democratically elected bodies are binding upon all members of the party.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
Dionysus (Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.
Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.
A number of hypotheses exist on many of the key issues regarding the domestication of the horse.
Don (Dom, from Latin dominus, roughly 'Lord'), abbreviated as D., is an honorific title used in Spain, Portugal, Italy, Iberoamerica, and the Philippines.
The Ingenious Nobleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha (El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha), or just Don Quixote (Oxford English Dictionary, ""), is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.
The donkey or ass (Equus africanus asinus) is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae.
Donkey is a fictional fast-talking donkey created by William Steig and adapted by DreamWorks Animation for the ''Shrek'' franchise.
Donkey basketball is a variation on the standard game of basketball, played on a standard basketball court, but in which the players ride donkeys.
Donkey milk (or ass milk/jenny milk) is the milk given by the domesticated donkey (Equus asinus).
Donkey rides are a traditional feature of seaside resorts in the United Kingdom.
A donkey vote is a ballot cast in an election that uses a preference voting system, where a voter is permitted or required to rank candidates on the ballot paper, and ranks them based on the order they appear on the ballot paper.
Donkey-hide gelatin or ass-hide glue (colla corii asini) is gelatin obtained from the skin of the donkey (equus asinus) by soaking and stewing.
The dun gene is a dilution gene that affects both red and black pigments in the coat color of a horse.
Edward Regan Murphy (born April 3, 1961) is an American comedian, actor, writer, singer, and producer.
Eeyore is a character in the Winnie-the-Pooh books by A. A. Milne.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
Equidae (sometimes known as the horse family) is the taxonomic family of horses and related animals, including the extant horses, donkeys, and zebras, and many other species known only from fossils.
The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
The European ass (Equus hydruntinus) is an extinct equine from the middle and late Pleistocene of Eurasia.
Fantasia is a 1940 American animated film produced by Walt Disney and released by Walt Disney Productions.
A feral animal or plant (from Latin fera, "a wild beast") is one that lives in the wild but is descended from domesticated individuals.
Feral donkeys were first brought to Australia as pack animals to replace horses, which had succumbed to native poisonous plants.
A feral horse is a free-roaming horse of domesticated ancestry.
The firstborn or firstborn son (Hebrew בְּכוֹר bəḵōr) is an important concept in Judaism.
A foal is an equine up to one year old; this term is used mainly for horses.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The Fourth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (notated Dynasty IV or Dynasty 4) is characterized as a "golden age" of the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
Gaius Julius Hyginus (64 BC – AD 17) was a Latin author, a pupil of the famous Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor, and a freedman of Caesar Augustus.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
A gold rush is a new discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune.
The Gospel According to John is the fourth of the canonical gospels.
The Gospel According to Matthew (translit; also called the Gospel of Matthew or simply, Matthew) is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Guo Li Zhuang is a restaurant brand that specializes in dishes prepared from the genitals (penises and testicles) of male animals from a wide variety of species such as horses, oxen, donkeys, dogs, deer, goats, sheep, and snakes.
Gut flora, or gut microbiota, or gastrointestinal microbiota, is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects.
A harem is an animal group consisting of one or two males, a number of females, and their offspring.
Harper's Weekly, A Journal of Civilization was an American political magazine based in New York City.
The Harvard Oriental Series is a book series founded in 1891 by Charles Rockwell Lanman and Henry Clarke Warren.
Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut, dried, and stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for grazing animals such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep.
Hindgut fermentation is a digestive process seen in monogastric herbivores, animals with a simple, single-chambered stomach.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
A hinny is a domestic equine hybrid that is the offspring of a male horse, a stallion, and a female donkey, a jenny.
Hispaniola (Spanish: La Española; Latin and French: Hispaniola; Haitian Creole: Ispayola; Taíno: Haiti) is an island in the Caribbean island group, the Greater Antilles.
Hitopadesha (Sanskrit: हितोपदेशः, IAST: Hitopadeśa, "Beneficial Advice") is an Indian text in Sanskrit language consisting of fables with animal and human characters.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
Hor-Aha (or Aha or Horus Aha) is considered the second pharaoh of the First Dynasty of Egypt by some Egyptologists, others consider him the first one and corresponding to Menes.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Horse gaits are the various ways in which a horse can move, either naturally or as a result of specialized training by humans.
Horse meat is the culinary name for meat cut from a horse.
Horse teeth refers to the dentition of equine species, including horses and donkeys.
A horseshoe is a fabricated product, normally made of metal, although sometimes made partially or wholly of modern synthetic materials, designed to protect a horse's hoof from wear.
The human digestive system consists of the gastrointestinal tract plus the accessory organs of digestion (the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder).
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Hyperlipidemia is abnormally elevated levels of any or all lipids or lipoproteins in the blood.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is an organization dedicated to "achieving stability and sense in the scientific naming of animals".
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) (French: Fonds international de développement agricole; FIDA) (Italian: Fondo Internazionale per lo Sviluppo Agricolo) is an international financial institution and a specialised agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.
Jalisco, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Jalisco (Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.
Jean Buridan (Latin: Johannes Buridanus; –) was an influential 14th century French philosopher.
A jennet or Spanish jennet was a small Spanish horse.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
The "Jewish state" is a political term used to describe the nation state of Israel.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John (Jack) Simpson Kirkpatrick (6 July 1892 – 19 May 1915), who served under the name John Simpson, was a stretcher bearer with the 1st Australian Division during the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I. After landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915, Simpson began to use donkeys to provide first aid and carry wounded soldiers to the beach, for evacuation.
Juan de Oñate y Salazar (1550–1626) was a conquistador from New Spain, explorer, and colonial governor of the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Don Juan de Zumárraga y Arrazola (1468 – June 3, 1548) was a Spanish Basque Franciscan prelate and first bishop of Mexico.
Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón (23 December 1881 – 29 May 1958) was a Spanish poet, a prolific writer who received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956 "for his lyrical poetry, which in the Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity".
Kalaratri (sometimes spelled Kaalratri) is the seventh of the nine forms of the Goddess Durga, known as the Navadurga.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
The kiang (Equus kiang) is the largest of the wild asses.
Laminitis is a disease that affects the feet of ungulates, and is found mostly in horses and cattle.
The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
This is a list of cultural icons of Russia.
This list of breeds of domestic donkey is based on country reports to the international DAD-IS database.
This is a list of characters in the series of fantasy novels by C. S. Lewis called The Chronicles of Narnia.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
Maadi or al-Ma'adi (معادي الخبيري - المعادي / transliterated) is an affluent, leafy suburban district south of Cairo, Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile about 12 km upriver from downtown Cairo.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
A mare is an adult female horse or other equine.
In biology, mating (or mateing in British English) is the pairing of either opposite-sex or hermaphroditic organisms, usually for the purposes of sexual reproduction.
Matthew Fort (born 29 January 1947) is a British food writer and critic.
Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by the measles virus.
Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
In Abrahamic religions, the messiah or messias is a saviour or liberator of a group of people.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Midas (Μίδας) is the name of at least three members of the royal house of Phrygia.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547 (assumed)23 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.
In its primary meaning, the Hebrew word (meaning "commandment",,, Biblical:; plural, Biblical:; from "command") refers to precepts and commandments commanded by God.
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare).
Nablus (نابلس, שכם, Biblical Shechem ISO 259-3 Škem, Νεάπολις Νeapolis) is a city in the northern West Bank, approximately north of Jerusalem, (approximately by road), with a population of 126,132.
Narmer was an ancient Egyptian king of the Early Dynastic Period.
The national symbols of Catalonia are flags, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Catalonia or Catalan culture.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Niger, also called the Niger officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa named after the Niger River.
Nubia is a region along the Nile river encompassing the area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central Sudan.
The Nubian wild ass (Equus africanus africanus) is the nominate subspecies of African wild ass, and one of the ancestors of the domestic donkey, which was domesticated about 6,000 years ago.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
The onager (Equus hemionus), also known as hemione or Asiatic wild ass, is a species of the family Equidae (horse family) native to Asia.
Onolatry is worship of the donkey.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.
An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.
A pack animal or beast of burden is an individual or type of working animal used by humans as means of transporting materials by attaching them so their weight bears on the animal's back, in contrast to draft animals which pull loads but do not carry them.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Palm Sunday is a Christian moveable feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter.
The Panchatantra (IAST: Pañcatantra, पञ्चतन्त्र, "Five Treatises") is an ancient Indian work of political philosophy, in the form of a collection of interrelated animal fables in Sanskrit verse and prose, arranged within a frame story.
Parchment is a writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.
Party of Donkeys or Donkeys' Party (Ḥezb-e Ḵarān; Donkey is epitome of docile imbecility) was a frivolous political party in Iran.
Pashto (پښتو Pax̌tō), sometimes spelled Pukhto, is the language of the Pashtuns.
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA; stylized PeTA) is an American animal rights organization based in Norfolk, Virginia, and led by Ingrid Newkirk, its international president.
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine or occasionally the lower esophagus.
Peter Bell: A Tale in Verse is a long narrative poem by William Wordsworth, written in 1798, but not published until 1819.
The Petter Chamor (פטר חמור) or Redemption of the firstborn donkey, is a mitzvah in Judaism in which a male firstborn (bechor) donkey is redeemed by the owner of the donkey, who gives a lamb or kid to a Kohen.
Placer mining is the mining of stream bed (alluvial) deposits for minerals.
The Poitou donkey or Poitou ass ('Baudet du Poitou'), also called the Poitevin donkey or simply the Poitou, is a breed of donkey originating in the Poitou region of France.
Poker is a family of card games that combines gambling, strategy, and skill.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
The President of the Russian Federation (Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the elected head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.
valid name. Priority is a fundamental principle of modern botanical nomenclature and zoological nomenclature.
Prokhor (Прохор) is a Russian name from the Latinised form Prochorus that originated from the Greek name Prochoros (Προχορος).
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).
Prospecting is the first stage of the geological analysis (second – exploration) of a territory.
A proverb (from proverbium) is a simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or experience.
Ra (rꜥ or rˤ; also transliterated rˤw; cuneiform: ri-a or ri-ia) or Re (ⲣⲏ, Rē) is the ancient Egyptian sun god.
Ranked voting describes certain voting systems in which voters rank outcomes in a hierarchy on the ordinal scale (ordinal voting systems).
The Rio Grande (or; Río Bravo del Norte, or simply Río Bravo) is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States and northern Mexico (the other being the Colorado River).
Robert Bresson (25 September 1901 – 18 December 1999) was a French film director.
Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson (13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894) was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, musician and travel writer.
Sir Roger L'Estrange (17 December 1616 – 11 December 1704) was an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims.
A rooster, also known as a gamecock, a cockerel or cock, is a male gallinaceous bird, usually a male chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus).
The Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps (RNZAMC) is a corps of the New Zealand Army, the land branch of the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF).
Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.
Presidential elections were held in Russia on 4 March 2012.
Safe Haven for Donkeys in the Holy Land (SHADH) is a British registered charity that cares for working and abandoned donkeys in Israel and the Palestinian Territories.
Sancho Panza is a fictional character in the novel Don Quixote written by Spanish author Don Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra in 1605.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Scorpions are predatory arachnids of the order Scorpiones.
Self-preservation is a behavior that ensures the survival of an organism.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Shechem, also spelled Sichem (שְׁכָם / Standard Šəḵem Tiberian Šeḵem, "shoulder"), was a Canaanite city mentioned in the Amarna letters, and is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as an Israelite city of the tribe of Manasseh and the first capital of the Kingdom of Israel.
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are quadrupedal, ruminant mammal typically kept as livestock.
The Shrek franchise from DreamWorks Animation, based on William Steig's picture book Shrek!, consists of four computer-animated films including: Shrek (2001), Shrek 2 (2004), Shrek the Third (2007), and Shrek Forever After (2010), with a fifth film planned for an unscheduled release date.
In Greek mythology, Silenus (Greek: Σειληνός Seilēnos) was a companion and tutor to the wine god Dionysus.
A simile is a figure of speech that directly compares two things.
Slapstick films are comedy films where physical comedy that includes pratfalls, tripping, falling, are highlighted over dialogue, plot and character development.
A sled, sledge, or sleigh is a land vehicle with a smooth underside or possessing a separate body supported by two or more smooth, relatively narrow, longitudinal runners that travels by sliding across a surface.
The Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somaliensis) is a subspecies of the African wild ass.
Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
A stallion is a male horse that has not been gelded (castrated).
Straw is an agricultural by-product, the dry stalks of cereal plants, after the grain and chaff have been removed.
A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
The Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root LMD "teach, study") is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law and theology.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Ass in the Lion's Skin is one of Aesop's Fables, of which there are two distinct versions.
The Donkey Sanctuary is a British charitable organisation devoted to the welfare of donkeys.
The Metamorphoses of Apuleius, which St. Augustine referred to as The Golden Ass (Asinus aureus), is the only ancient Roman novel in Latin to survive in its entirety.
The Last Battle is a high fantasy novel for children by C. S. Lewis, published by The Bodley Head in 1956.
In Jewish tradition, the Messiah's Donkey (Hebrew: חמורו של משיח) refers to the donkey upon which the Messiah will arrive to redeem the world at the end of days.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
The term "Third World" arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO or the Communist Bloc.
Thomas Nast (September 27, 1840 – December 7, 1902) was a German-born American caricaturist and editorial cartoonist considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon".
Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.
Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes (1879) is one of Robert Louis Stevenson's earliest published works and is considered a pioneering classic of outdoor literature.
A troika ("triplet" or "trio") is a traditional Russian harness driving combination, using three horses abreast, usually pulling a sleigh.
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda (Jamhuri ya Uganda), is a landlocked country in East Africa.
In some religions, an unclean animal is an animal whose consumption or handling is taboo.
Underdevelopment, relating to international development, reflects a broad condition or phenomena defined and critiqued by theorists in fields such as economics, development studies, and postcolonial studies.
Utah is a state in the western United States.
Vahana (वाहन,, literally "that which carries, that which pulls") denotes the being, typically an animal or mythical entity, a particular Hindu deity is said to use as a vehicle.
Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production, and study of grapes.
Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky (Влади́мир Во́льфович Жирино́вский; né Eidelstein (Эйдельште́йн); born 25 April 1946) is a Russian ultranationalist politician of Ashkenazi origin and leader of the LDPR party (formerly Liberal Democratic Party of Russia).
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
A whip is a tool which was traditionally designed to strike animals or people to aid guidance or exert control over animals or other people, through pain compliance or fear of pain, although in some activities, whips can be used without use of pain, such as an additional pressure aid or visual directional cue in equestrianism.
Whooping cough (also known as pertussis or 100-day cough) is a highly contagious bacterial disease.
The wild horse (Equus ferus) is a species of the genus ''Equus'', which includes as subspecies the modern domesticated horse (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the undomesticated tarpan (Equus ferus ferus, now extinct), and the endangered Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii).
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798).
Winnie-the-Pooh, also called Pooh Bear, is a fictional anthropomorphic teddy bear created by English author A. A. Milne.
The withers is the ridge between the shoulder blades of an animal, typically a quadruped.
A working animal is an animal, usually domesticated, that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks.
World Animal Protection (formerly The World Society for the Protection of Animals) is an international non-profit animal welfare organization that has been in operation for over 30 years.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
Zebras are several species of African equids (horse family) united by their distinctive black and white striped coats.
A zebroid (also zedonk, zorse, zebra mule, zonkey, and zebmule) is the offspring of any cross between a zebra and any other equine: essentially, a zebra hybrid.
Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús) is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.
Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת Tsiyyonut after Zion) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan, the Holy Land, or the region of Palestine).
The Zohar (זֹהַר, lit. "Splendor" or "Radiance") is the foundational work in the literature of Jewish mystical thought known as Kabbalah.
The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.
Ass (animal), Braying, Burro, Domestic ass, Domestic donkey, Donkey meat, Donkeys, Donkies, Dunkey, Equus africanus asinus, Female donkey, Feral donkey, Jenny (donkey), Male donkey, Mating donkeys, She ass, She asses, She-ass, She-asses, Wild donkeys.