99 relations: Aisin Gioro, Ajige, Battle of Shanhai Pass, Beijing, Bolo (prince), Chahars, Chengde, Chinatown, Chinese era name, Chongzhen Emperor, Classic of Filial Piety, Confucianism, Confucius, Dodo (prince), Duke of Zhou, Duke Yansheng, Eight Banners, Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, Fan Wencheng, Forbidden City, Fujian, Fushun, Gansu, Ganzhou District, Great Wall of China, Guangxi, Guangzhou, Han Chinese, Hangzhou, Hanlin Academy, Hebei, Hong Chengchou, Hong Taiji, Hongwu Emperor, Hooge (prince), Huai River, Hubei, Hunan, Imperial examination, Jiading District, Jiangnan, Jiangyin, Jingshan Park, Jirgalang, Johan Nieuhof, Joseon, Khan (title), Khorchin Mongols, Koxinga, Lady Abahai, ..., Lanzhou, Li Zicheng, Liaoning, Manchu alphabet, Manchu language, Manchu people, Mandate of Heaven, Ming dynasty, Nanning, Nurhaci, Prince regent, Prince Rui (睿), Princess Uisun, Qianlong Emperor, Qiantang River, Qing dynasty, Queue (hairstyle), Shaanxi, Shandong, Shang Kexi, Shanhai Pass, Shi Kefa, Shunzhi Emperor, Songjiang District, Southern Ming, Suzhou, Taiwan, Temple name, Temple of Heaven, Three Departments and Six Ministries, Transition from Ming to Qing, United States Government Publishing Office, Virility, Wu Sangui, Xi'an, Xichong County, Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County, Xuzhou, Yangtze, Yangzhou, Yangzhou massacre, Zhang Xianzhong, Zhejiang, Zhou dynasty, Zhu Yihai, Zhu Youlang, Zhu Yousong, Zhu Yujian, Zhu Yuyue. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
Aisin Gioro is the imperial clan of Manchu emperors of the Qing dynasty.
Ajige (Manchu:, Mölendroff: ajige; 28 August 1605 – 28 November 1651) was a Manchu prince and military general of the early Qing dynasty.
The Battle of Shanhai Pass, fought on 27 May 1644 at Shanhai Pass (Shanhaiguan, 山海關) at the eastern end of the Great Wall of China, was a decisive battle leading to the formation of the Qing dynasty in China.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Bolo (Manchu: Bolo; 1613 – 23 April 1652), formally known as Prince Duanzhong, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty.
The Chahars (Khalkha Mongolian: Цахар, Tsahar) are a subgroup of Mongols that speak Chakhar Mongolian and predominantly live in southeastern Inner Mongolia, China.
Chengde, previously known as Jehol or Rehe, is a prefecture-level city in Hebei province, situated northeast of Beijing.
A Chinatown is an ethnic enclave of Chinese or Han people located outside mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, or Taiwan, most often in an urban setting.
A Chinese era name is the regnal year, reign period, or regnal title used when traditionally numbering years in an emperor's reign and naming certain Chinese rulers.
The Chongzhen Emperor (6 February 1611 – 25 April 1644), personal name Zhu Youjian, was the 17th and last emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, reigning from 1627–1644.
The Classic of Filial Piety, also known by its Chinese name as the Xiaojing, is a Confucian classic treatise giving advice on filial piety: that is, how to behave towards a senior such as a father, an elder brother, or ruler.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Dodo (Manchu:; 2 April 1614 – 29 April 1649), formally known as Prince Yu, was a Manchu prince and military general of the early Qing dynasty.
Dan, Duke Wen of Zhou (11th Century BC), commonly known as the Duke of Zhou, was a member of the royal family of the Zhou dynasty who played a major role in consolidating the kingdom established by his elder brother King Wu.
The Duke of Yansheng, literally "Duke Overflowing with Sagacity", sometimes translated as Holy Duke of Yen, was a Chinese title of nobility.
The Eight Banners (in Manchu: jakūn gūsa) were administrative/military divisions under the Qing dynasty into which all Manchu households were placed.
Empress Xiaozhuangwen (ᡥᡳᠶᠣᡠ᠋ᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᠠᠮᠪᠠᠯᡳᠩᡤᡡ ᡤᡝᠩᡤᡳᠶᡝᠨ ᡧᡠ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᡠ᠋|v.
Fan Wencheng (courtesy name: Xiandou 憲斗, 1597 - 1666) was a Qing dynasty Scholar-Official, Prime Minister and Grand Secretary (Daxue Shi).
The Forbidden City is a palace complex in central Beijing, China.
Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.
Fushun (formerly romanised as Fouchouen, using French spelling, also as Fuxi (撫西)) is a prefecture level city in Liaoning province, China, about east of Shenyang, with a population of 2,138,090 inhabitants (2010 census) and a total area of, of which is the city proper.
Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
Ganzhou District, formerly the separate city of Ganzhou or Kanchow, is a district in and the seat of the prefecture-level city of Zhangye in Gansu Province in the People's Republic of China.
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion.
Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
The Han Chinese,.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
The Hanlin Academy (Manchu: bithei yamun) was an academic and administrative institution founded in the eighth-century Tang China by Emperor Xuanzong in Chang'an.
Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
Hong Chengchou (1593–1665), courtesy name Yanyan and art name Hengjiu, was a Chinese official who served under the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Hong Taiji (28November 159221 September1643), sometimes written as Huang Taiji and also referred to as Abahai in Western literature, was an Emperor of the Qing dynasty.
The Hongwu Emperor (21 October 1328 – 24 June 1398), personal name Zhu Yuanzhang (Chu Yuan-chang in Wade-Giles), was the founding emperor of China's Ming dynasty.
Hooge (Manchu:; 1609–1648), formally known as Prince Su, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty.
The Huai River, formerly romanized as the Hwai, is a major river in China.
Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region.
Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.
The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.
Jiading is a suburban district of Shanghai.
Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (sometimes spelled Kiang-nan, literally "South of the river") is a geographic area in China referring to lands immediately to the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of its delta.
Jiangyin (Jiangyin dialect) is a county-level city on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and is administered by Wuxi, Jiangsu province.
Jingshan Park is an imperial park covering immediately north of the Forbidden City in the Imperial City area of Beijing, China.
Jirgalang or Jirhalang (Manchu: 19 November 1599 – June 11, 1655) was a Manchu noble, regent, and political and military leader of the early Qing dynasty.
Johan Nieuhof (22 July 1618 in Uelsen – 8 October 1672 in Madagascar) was a Dutch traveler who wrote about his journeys to Brazil, China and India.
The Joseon dynasty (also transcribed as Chosŏn or Chosun, 조선; officially the Kingdom of Great Joseon, 대조선국) was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries.
Khan خان/khan; is a title for a sovereign or a military ruler, used by Mongolians living to the north of China. Khan has equivalent meanings such as "commander", "leader", or "ruler", "king" and "chief". khans exist in South Asia, Middle East, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, East Africa and Turkey. The female alternatives are Khatun and Khanum. These titles or names are sometimes written as Khan/خان in Persian, Han, Kan, Hakan, Hanum, or Hatun (in Turkey) and as "xan", "xanım" (in Azerbaijan), and medieval Turkic tribes.
The Khorchin (Хорчин, Horçin; Qorčin) is a subgroup of the Mongols that speak the Khorchin dialect of Mongolian and predominantly live in northeastern Inner Mongolia of China.
Zheng Chenggong, better known in the West by his Hokkien honorific Koxinga or Coxinga, was a Chinese Ming loyalist who resisted the Qing conquest of China in the 17th century, fighting them on China's southeastern coast.
Empress Xiaoliewu (1590–1626), personal name Abahai (Manchu:, Mölendroff: abahai) of the Ulanara clan, was the fourth primary consort of Nurhaci, the Khan of the Later Jin dynasty (precursor of the Qing dynasty).
Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China.
Li Zicheng (22 September 1606 – 1645), born Li Hongji, also known by the nickname, "Dashing King", was a Chinese rebel leader who overthrew the Ming dynasty in 1644 and ruled over China briefly as the emperor of the short-lived Shun dynasty before his death a year later.
Liaoning is a province of China, located in the northeast of the country.
The Manchu alphabet is the alphabet used to write the now nearly-extinct Manchu language; a similar script is used today by the Xibe people, who speak a language variably considered as either a dialect of Manchu or a closely related, mutually intelligible, language.
Manchu (Manchu: manju gisun) is a critically endangered Tungusic language spoken in Manchuria; it was the native language of the Manchus and one of the official languages of the Qing dynasty (1636–1911) of China.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
The Mandate of Heaven or Tian Ming is a Chinese political and religious doctrine used since ancient times to justify the rule of the King or Emperor of China.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Nanning (Zhuang: Namzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.
Nurhaci (alternatively Nurhachi; 21 February 1559 – 30 September 1626) was a Jurchen chieftain of Jianzhou, a vassal of Ming, who rose to prominence in the late 16th century in Manchuria.
A prince regent, or prince-regent, is a prince who rules a monarchy as regent instead of a monarch, e.g., as a result of the Sovereign's incapacity (minority or illness) or absence (remoteness, such as exile or long voyage, or simply no incumbent).
Prince Rui of the First Rank, or simply Prince Rui, was the title of a princely peerage used in China during the Manchu-led Qing dynasty (1644–1912).
Princess Uisun (1635-1662; birth name Yi Ae-suk) was a member of the Joseon royal family, who was adopted as a daughter by Hyojong of Joseon and Queen Inseon so that she could marry the Aisin Gioro prince Dorgon.
The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.
The Qiantang River (sometimes spelled Tsientang river) is an East Chinese river that originates in the border region of Anhui and Jiangxi provinces.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
The queue or cue is a Qing dynasty hairstyle most often worn by Chinese men.
Shaanxi is a province of the People's Republic of China.
Shandong (formerly romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
Shang Kexi (尚可喜; Shang Ko-hsi; August 25, 1604 – November 12, 1676) was a Han Chinese general of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Shanhai Pass is one of the major passes in the Great Wall of China.
Shi Kefa (4 February 1601 – 20 May 1645), courtesy names Xianzhi and Daolin, was a government official and calligrapher who lived in the late Ming dynasty.
The Shunzhi Emperor; Manchu: ijishūn dasan hūwangdi; ᠡᠶ ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ |translit.
Songjiang, is a suburban district, formerly a county, of Shanghai.
The Southern Ming was a loyalist movement that was active in southern China following the Ming dynasty's collapse in 1644.
Suzhou (Wu Chinese), formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about northwest of Shanghai.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Temple names are commonly used when naming most Chinese, Korean (Goryeo and Joseon periods), and Vietnamese (such dynasties as Trần, Lý, and Lê) royalty.
The is an imperial complex of religious buildings situated in the southeastern part of central Beijing.
The Three Departments and Six Ministries system was the main central government structure in imperial China from the Sui dynasty (581–618) to the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368).
The transition from Ming to Qing or the Ming–Qing transition, also known as the Manchu conquest of China, was a period of conflict between the Qing dynasty, established by Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in Manchuria (contemporary Northeastern China), and the Ming dynasty of China in the south (various other regional or temporary powers were also associated with events, such as the short-lived Shun dynasty).
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
Virility (from the Latin virilitas, manhood or virility, derived from Latin vir, man) refers to any of a wide range of masculine characteristics viewed positively.
Wu Sangui (courtesy name Changbai (長白) or Changbo (長伯); 1612 – 2 October 1678) was a Chinese military general who was instrumental in the fall of the Ming Dynasty and the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644.
Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.
Xichong County (Chinese: 西充县, Pinyin: Xīchōng Xiàn) is a county of Sichuan Province, China.
Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (Manchu:; Mölendroff: sinbin manju beye dasangga siyan), or simply Xinbin County (postal: Sinpin), is one of the three counties under the administration of Fushun City, in the east of Liaoning Province, Northeast China.
Xuzhou, known as Pengcheng in ancient times, is a major city in Jiangsu province, China.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
Yangzhou, formerly romanized as Yangchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu Province, China.
The Yangzhou massacre took place in 1645 in Yangzhou, China, during the Qing dynasty.
Zhang Xianzhong or Chang Hsien-chung (September 18, 1606 – January 2, 1647), nicknamed Yellow Tiger, was a leader of a peasant revolt from Yan'an, Shaanxi Province.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.
The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
The Gengyin Emperor (1618–1662), personal name Zhu Yihai, was an emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty, reigning from 1645 to 1655.
The Yongli Emperor (1623–1662; reigned 18 November 1646 – 1 June 1662), personal name Zhu Youlang, was the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China.
The Hongguang Emperor (1607–1646), personal name Zhu Yousong, was the first emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty.
Zhu Yujian (1602 – 6 October 1646), the Prince of Tang, reigned as the Longwu Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty from 18 August 1645, when he was enthroned in Fuzhou, to 6 October 1646, when he was captured and executed by a contingent of the Qing army.
Zhu Yuyue (died January 1647), the Prince of Tang (唐王) reigned as the Shaowu Emperor (紹武) of the Southern Ming dynasty from 1646-1647.