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The acoustic bass guitar (sometimes shortened to acoustic bass or initialized ABG) is a bass instrument with a hollow wooden body similar to, though usually larger than a steel-string acoustic guitar.
Acoustic enhancement is a subtle type of sound reinforcement system used to augment direct, reflected, or reverberant sound.
An acoustic guitar is a guitar that produces sound acoustically by transmitting the vibration of the strings to the air—as opposed to relying on electronic amplification (see electric guitar).
Adolf Míšek (29 August 1875 – 20 October 1955) was a Czech double bassist and composer of the late romantic era.
AFI (abbreviation for A Fire Inside) is an American rock band from Ukiah, California, formed in 1991.
Alan Ridout (9 December 1934 – 19 March 1996) was a British composer and teacher.
Alberto Evaristo Ginastera (April 11, 1916June 25, 1983) was an Argentine composer of classical music.
Alexander Shchetynsky (Shchetinsky) (Олекса́ндр Степа́нович Щети́нський; Алекса́ндр Степа́нович Щети́нский; Aleksandr Stepanovich Shchetins'kiy) is a Ukrainian composer.
Amarillo is the 14th-most populous city in the state of Texas, United States.
Americana are artifacts, or a collection of artifacts, related to the history, geography, folklore and cultural heritage of the United States.
André George Previn, KBE (born Andreas Ludwig Priwin; April 6, 1929) is a German-American pianist, conductor, and composer.
Anton Zimmermann (1741 in Široká Niva (Breitenau) – 1781 in Bratislava) was a Silesian-born composer and contemporary of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer.
Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi (also Capucci; 1 August 1755 – 28 March 1818) was an Italian violinist and composer.
Arthur Tatum Jr. (October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz pianist.
To produce an artificial harmonic, a stringed instrument player holds down a note on the neck with one finger of their left hand (thereby shortening the vibrational length of the string) and uses another finger to lightly touch a point on the string that is an integer divisor of its vibrational length, and plucks or bows the side of the string that is closer to the bridge.
Assjack is an American rock band led by Hank Williams III and Garrett Bremer.
Athol George Guy, (born 5 January 1940), is a member of the Australian pop music group The Seekers, for whom he plays double bass and sings.
In physics, attenuation or, in some contexts, extinction is the gradual loss of flux intensity through a medium.
Audio feedback (also known as acoustic feedback, simply as feedback, or the Larsen effect) is a special kind of positive loop gain which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example, a power amplified loudspeaker).
An audition is a sample performance by an actor, singer, musician, dancer or other performer.
Édouard Nanny (March 24, 1872 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye – October 12, 1942 in Paris) was an important French double bass player, teacher, and composer.
Bach: Unaccompanied Cello Suites Performed on Double Bass is an album released by the double bass virtuoso Edgar Meyer.
Bachelor of Music is an academic degree awarded by a college, university, or conservatory upon completion of a program of study in music.
Backing vocalists are singers who provide vocal harmony with the lead vocalist or other backing vocalists.
Ball State University, commonly referred to as Ball State or BSU, is a public coeducational research university in Muncie, Indiana, United States, with two satellite facilities in Fishers and Indianapolis.
In signal processing, a band-stop filter or band-rejection filter is a filter that passes most frequencies unaltered, but attenuates those in a specific range to very low levels.
A bandleader is the leader of a music group such as a rock or pop group or jazz quartet.
Barenaked Ladies is a Canadian rock band.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
Barre Phillips (born October 27, 1934 in San Francisco, California) is a jazz bassist.
Barry Turner Bales (born August 23, 1969 in Kingsport, Tennessee, United States) is the American long time bass player and harmony vocalist for Alison Krauss and Union Station.
Bass describes tones of low (also called "deep") frequency, pitch and range from 16-256 Hz (C0 to middle C4) and bass instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C2-C4.
A bass amplifier or "bass amp" is a musical instrument electronic device that uses electrical power to make lower-pitched instruments such as the bass guitar or double bass loud enough to be heard by the performers and audience.
In a string instrument, the bass bar is a brace running from the foot of the neck to a position under the bridge, which bears much of the tension of the strings.
The bass guitar (also known as electric bass, or bass) is a stringed instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and four to six strings or courses.
The bass saxophone is one of the largest members of the saxophone family—larger than the more commonly encountered baritone saxophone.
Bass violin is the modern term for various 16th- and 17th-century bass instruments of the violin (i.e. "viola da braccio") family.
A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played (in jazz and some forms of popular music) by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).
Basso profondo (Italian: "deep bass"), sometimes basso profundo or contrabass, is the bass voice subtype with the lowest vocal range.
The bazantar is a custom made string instrument invented by musician Mark Deutsch, who worked on the design between 1993 and 1997 (Patent issued March 16, 1999).
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.
Bertold Hummel (November 27, 1925 in Hüfingen – August 9, 2002 in Würzburg) was a German composer of modern classical music.
Bertram Turetzky (born February 14, 1933) is a contemporary American double bass (contrabass) soloist, teacher, and author of The Contemporary Contrabass (1974, 1989), a book that looked at a number of new and interesting ways of playing the double bass including featuring it as a solo performance vehicle with no other instrumental accompaniment.
William Patton "Bill" Black, Jr. (September 17, 1926 – October 21, 1965) was an American musician and bandleader who is noted as one of the pioneers of rock and roll.
William John Evans (August 16, 1929 – September 15, 1980) was an American jazz pianist and composer who mostly worked in a trio setting.
Bill Haley & His Comets were an American rock and roll band, founded in 1952 and continued until Haley's death in 1981.
William Smith Monroe (September 13, 1911 – September 9, 1996) was an American mandolinist, singer, and songwriter, who helped to create the style of music known as bluegrass.
Blue Note Records is an American jazz record label that is owned by Universal Music Group and operated with Decca Records.
Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music named after Kentucky mandolin player and songwriter Bill Monroe's band, the Bluegrass Boys 1939-96, and furthered by musicians who played with him, including 5-string banjo player Earl Scruggs and guitarist Lester Flatt, or who simply admired the high-energy instrumental and vocal music Monroe's group created, and carried it on into new bands, some of which created subgenres (Progressive Bluegrass, Newgrass, Dawg Music etc.). Bluegrass is influenced by the music of Appalachia and other styles, including gospel and jazz.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Melbourne Robert "Bob" Cranshaw (December 3, 1932 – November 2, 2016) was an American jazz bassist.
Bohuslav Jan Martinů (December 8, 1890 – August 28, 1959) was a Czech composer of modern classical music.
The Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO) is an American orchestra based in Boston, Massachusetts.
The biological subfamily Bovinae includes a diverse group of 10 genera of medium to large-sized ungulates, including domestic cattle, bison, African buffalo, the water buffalo, the yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes.
In music, a bow is a tensioned stick with hair affixed to it that is moved across some part of a musical instrument to cause vibration, which the instrument emits as sound.
The bow frog is the end part of a stringed musical instrument's bow that encloses the mechanism responsible for tightening and holding the bow hair ribbon.
A bridge is a device that supports the strings on a stringed musical instrument and transmits the vibration of those strings to another structural component of the instrument—typically a soundboard, such as the top of a guitar or violin—which transfers the sound to the surrounding air.
The Brno Philharmonic (Czech: Filharmonie Brno) is a Czech orchestra based in Brno, the Czech Republic.
C (Do, Do, C) is the first note of the C major scale, the third note of the A minor scale (the relative minor of C major), and the fourth note (F, A, B, C) of the Guidonian hand, commonly pitched around 261.63 Hz.
Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 183516 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf (2 November 1739 – 24 October 1799) was an Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist.
Carmina Burana is a scenic cantata composed by Carl Orff in 1935 and 1936, based on 24 poems from the medieval collection Carmina Burana.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
Catgut is a type of cord that is prepared from the natural fibre found in the walls of animal intestines.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
The six Cello Suites, BWV 1007-1012, are suites for unaccompanied cello by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments—traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room.
Charles Edward Ives (October 20, 1874May 19, 1954) was an American modernist composer.
Charles Mingus Jr. (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz double bassist, pianist, composer and bandleader.
Charles Peter Wuorinen (born June 9, 1938) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American composer of contemporary classical music based in New York City.
Charles Edward "Charlie" Haden (August 6, 1937 – July 11, 2014) was an American jazz double bass player, bandleader, composer and educator known for his deep, warm sound, and whose career spanned more than fifty years.
Charles Parker Jr. (August 29, 1920 – March 12, 1955), also known as Yardbird and Bird, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer.
The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) was founded by Theodore Thomas in 1891.
Armando Anthony "Chick" Corea (born June 12, 1941) is an American jazz pianist/electric keyboardist and composer.
A chord progression or harmonic progression is a succession of musical chords, which are two or more notes, typically sounded simultaneously.
A chordophone is a musical instrument that makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points.
Chris Wyse (born July 15, 1969) is an American bassist and vocalist, known for his performances with Ace Frehley, The Cult, Ozzy Osbourne, Mick Jagger, Tal Bachman and Jerry Cantrell, among others.
Christian Lee McBride (born May 31, 1972) is an American jazz bassist and record producer.
Christopher Rouse (born February 15, 1949) is an American composer.
Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
Classic rock is a radio format which developed from the album-oriented rock (AOR) format in the early 1980s.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
The Classical period was an era of classical music between roughly 1730 to 1820, associated with the style of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.
Claus Kühnl (born in Arnstein, Lower Franconia, 17 November 1957) is a German composer and teacher.
A clef (from French: clef "key") is a musical symbol used to indicate the pitch of written notes.
The cobla (plural cobles) is a traditional music ensemble of Catalonia, Spain and in Northern Catalonia in France.
Colin James Brumby (18 June 1933 – 3 January 2018) was an Australian composer and conductor.
Colin Matthews, OBE (born 13 February 1946) is an English composer of classical music.
A concert band, also called wind ensemble, symphonic band, wind symphony, wind orchestra, wind band, symphonic winds, symphony band, or symphonic wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families of instruments, along with the double bass or bass guitar.
Concert pitch is the pitch reference to which a group of musical instruments are tuned for a performance.
A concerto (plural concertos, or concerti from the Italian plural) is a musical composition usually composed in three movements, in which, usually, one solo instrument (for instance, a piano, violin, cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra or concert band.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
The Czech lands or the Bohemian lands (České země) are the three historical regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia.
Darius Milhaud (4 September 1892 – 22 June 1974) was a French composer, conductor, and teacher.
Dave Holland (born 1 October 1946) is an English jazz double bassist, composer and bandleader who has been performing and recording for five decades.
David Aaron Jaffe (born April 29, 1955) is an American composer who has written over ninety works for orchestra, chorus, chamber ensembles, and electronics.
The Del McCoury Band is a Grammy award-winning bluegrass band.
Department of Eagles is an American band formed in 2000 by Daniel Rossen (Grizzly Bear) and Fred Nicolaus.
Didi Beck is a German electric bass and double bass player.
"" (German for "The Trout"), Op.
Dixieland, sometimes referred to as hot jazz or traditional jazz, is a style of jazz based on the music that developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century.
The bass gehu (低音革胡; pinyin: dīyīngéhú,; also called digehu or beigehu 倍革胡, literally "bass gehu") is a Chinese bowed string instrument in the huqin family.
John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
The Doctor of Musical Arts (D.M.A.) is a doctoral academic degree in music.
Domenico Carlo Maria Dragonetti (7 April 1763 – 16 April 1846) was an Italian double bass virtuoso and composer with a 3 string double bass.
Double Bass is a studio album by jazz bassists Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen and Sam Jones, which was recorded in 1976 and released on the Danish SteepleChase label.
A double bass concerto is a notated musical composition, usually in three parts or movements (see concerto), for a solo double bass accompanied by an orchestra.
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.
In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.
The Eastman School of Music is a comprehensive school of music located in Rochester, New York.
Ebony is a dense black hardwood, most commonly yielded by several different species in the genus Diospyros, which also contains the persimmons.
Edgar "Eddie" Gómez (born October 4, 1944) is a jazz double bassist born in Santurce, Puerto Rico, known for his work with the Bill Evans Trio from 1966 to 1977.
Edgar Meyer (born November 24, 1960) is an American bassist, multi-instrumentalist and composer.
Eduard Tubin (– 17 November 1982) was an Estonian composer and conductor, who lived in Sweden from 1944 onwards.
Ein Heldenleben (A Hero's Life), Op.
(Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major), K. 525, is a 1787 composition for a chamber ensemble by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Einojuhani Rautavaara (9 October 1928 – 27 July 2016) was a Finnish composer of classical music.
An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals.
The electric upright bass (abbreviated EUB) is an electronically amplified version of the double bass that has a minimal or 'skeleton' body, which greatly reduces the size and weight of the instrument.
In music, an electronic tuner is a device that detects and displays the pitch of musical notes played on a musical instrument.
Elliott Cook Carter Jr. (December 11, 1908 – November 5, 2012) was an American composer who was twice awarded the Pulitzer Prize.
Emerald Tears is a solo album by bassist Dave Holland recorded in 1977 and released on the ECM label.
Emergence is a solo album by Czech bassist Miroslav Vitouš recorded in 1985 and released on the ECM label.
The endpin or spike is the component of a cello or double bass that makes contact with the floor to support the instrument's weight.
Erich Alfred Hartmann (19 April 1922 – 20 September 1993), nicknamed "Bubi" ("The Kid") by his German comrades and the "Black Devil" by his Soviet adversaries, was a German fighter pilot during World War II and the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare.
Erwin Schulhoff (Ervín Šulhov; 8 June 189418 August 1942) was a Czech composer and pianist.
Esperanza Emily Spalding (born October 18, 1984) is an American jazz bassist and singer.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
The Precision Bass (often shortened to "P-Bass") is a bass guitar manufactured by Fender Musical Instruments Corporation.
Ferdinand Ries (28 November 1784 – 13 January 1838) was a German composer.
Count Ferdinand Troyer (February 1, 1780 – July 23, 1851) was an Austrian noble, philanthropist, and amateur clarinettist.
Ferruccio Busoni (1 April 1866 – 27 July 1924) (given names: Ferruccio Dante Michelangiolo Benvenuto) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and teacher.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
A fiddle is a bowed string musical instrument, most often a violin.
Fifths tuning is a non-standard tuning for the double bass, used primarily in classical and jazz music.
In popular music, a fill is a short musical passage, riff, or rhythmic sound which helps to sustain the listener's attention during a break between the phrases of a melody.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
François Rabbath (born 1931 in Aleppo, Syria) is a contemporary French double-bass player, soloist, and composer.
Franco Donatoni (9 June 1927 – 17 August 2000) was an Italian composer.
Frank Proto is an American composer and bassist.
Franz Anton Hoffmeister (12 May 1754 – 9 February 1812) was a German composer and music publisher.
Franz Limmer (October 2, 1808 – January 19, 1857), was an Austrian composer, conductor and musical performer.
Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.
Franz Simandl (August 1, 1840 – December 15, 1912) was a double-bassist and pedagogue most remembered for his book New Method for the Double Bass, known as the Simandl book, which is to this day used as a standard study of double bass technique and hand positions.
Alfred Whitford (Fred) Lerdahl (born March 10, 1943, in Madison, Wisconsin) is the Fritz Reiner Professor of Musical Composition at Columbia University, and a composer and music theorist best known for his work on musical grammar and cognition, rhythmic theory, pitch space, and cognitive constraints on compositional systems.
Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 60s as musicians attempted to alter, extend, or break down jazz convention, often by discarding fixed chord changes or tempos.
A fret is a raised element on the neck of a stringed instrument.
Galina Ivanovna Ustvolskaya, also Ustwolskaja, Oustvolskaia or Oestwolskaja (Гали́на Ива́новна Уство́льская, 17 June 1919, Petrograd – 22 December 2006, St. Petersburg), was a Russian composer of classical music.
Gary Karr (born November 20, 1941 in Los Angeles, California) is an American classical double bass player and teacher; he is considered one of the best bassists of the 20th and 21st centuries.
Gasparo da Salò (May 20, 1542 - April 14, 1609) is the name given to Gasparo Bertolotti, one of the earliest violin makers and an expert double bass player.
Portrait painting by Vilmos Aba-Novák Géza Frid (25 January 1904 – 13 September 1989) was a Hungarian–Dutch composer and pianist.
Geoff Kresge is a songwriter, guitarist, bassist, and record producer.
George Mraz (born Jiří Mráz on 9 September 1944 in Písek, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now Czech Republic) is a jazz bassist and alto saxophonist.
André George(s) Louis Onslow (27 July 1784 – 3 October 1853) was a French composer of English descent.
Gerhard Stäbler (born 1949) is a German composer born in Wilhelmsdorf near Ravensburg.
In music, a ghost note is a musical note with a rhythmic value, but no discernible pitch when played.
Giacinto Scelsi (8 January 1905 9 August 1988) was an Italian composer who also wrote surrealist poetry in French.
Gian Carlo Menotti (July 7, 1911 – February 1, 2007) was an Italian-American composer and librettist.
A gig bag (or gigbag) is a padded, soft-sided bag used for the storage and transport of musical instruments, most commonly a guitar or bass guitar.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giovanni Bottesini (22 December 1821 – 7 July 1889), was an Italian Romantic composer, conductor, and a double bass virtuoso.
Giovanni Paolo Maggini (c. 1580 - c. 1630), was a string maker born in Botticino (Brescia), Italy.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
In music, a glissando (plural: glissandi, abbreviated gliss.) is a glide from one pitch to another.
This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
Gunther Alexander Schuller (November 22, 1925June 21, 2015) was an American composer, conductor, horn player, author, historian and jazz musician.
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation.
Shelton Hank Williams (born December 12, 1972), known as Hank Williams III and Hank 3, is an American musician, singer and multi-instrumentalist.
Hans Werner Henze (1 July 1926 – 27 October 2012) was a German composer.
Hard bop is a subgenre of jazz that is an extension of bebop (or "bop") music.
A harmonic is any member of the harmonic series, a divergent infinite series.
Harold Samuel Shapero (April 29, 1920 – May 17, 2013) was an American composer.
Hearing range describes the range of frequencies that can be heard by humans or other animals, though it can also refer to the range of levels.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Henry Dreyfuss Brant (September 15, 1913 – April 26, 2008) was a Canadian-born American composer.
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader, composer and actor.
Hermann Gustav Goetz (December 7, 1840 – December 3, 1876) was a German composer.
HorrorPops are a Danish punk band that formed in 1996.
Horsehair is the long, coarse hair growing on the manes and tails of horses.
Iannis Xenakis (Greek: Γιάννης (Ιάννης) Ξενάκης; 29 May 1922 – 4 February 2001) was a Romanian-born, Greek-French composer, music theorist, architect, and engineer.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
Improvisation is creating or performing something spontaneously or making something from whatever is available.
In Ear Park is the second album by Department of Eagles.
Interlochen is a town in Northwest Lower Michigan.
The International Society of Bassists (ISB) is a 501(C)(3) not-for-profit organization for anybody who enjoys the double bass.
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.
Jack Cook (born c. 1930) was a Canadian football player who played for the BC Lions.
John Francis Anthony "Jaco" Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz bassist who was a member of Weather Report from 1976 to 1981.
Jacob Raphael Druckman (June 26, 1928 – May 24, 1996) was an American composer born in Philadelphia.
A jam band is a musical group whose live albums and concerts relate to a fan culture that began in the 1960s with the Grateful Dead, and continued with The Allman Brothers Band, which had lengthy jams at concerts.
James Lee Jamerson (January 29, 1936 – August 2, 1983) was an American bass player.
James Tenney (August 10, 1934 – August 24, 2006) was an American composer and music theorist.
Jan Ladislav Dussek (baptized Jan Václav Dusík,Černušák, p. 271 with surname also written as Duschek or Düssek; 12 February 176020 March 1812) was a Czech composer and pianist.
Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts (Janáčkova akademie múzických umění v Brně; abbreviation in Czech: JAMU) is a university-level school in Brno in the Czech Republic.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz fusion (also known as fusion) is a musical genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined aspects of jazz harmony and improvisation with styles such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and Latin jazz.
Jazz standards are musical compositions that are an important part of the musical repertoire of jazz musicians, in that they are widely known, performed, and recorded by jazz musicians, and widely known by listeners.
Jean René Désiré Françaix (23 May 1912 in Le Mans – 25 September 1997 in Paris) was a French neoclassical composer, pianist, and orchestrator, known for his prolific output and vibrant style.
Jeffrey David Bradetich (born 1957) is an American professor and performer of double bass.
Jim & Jesse were an American bluegrass music duo composed of brothers Jim McReynolds (February 13, 1927 – December 31, 2002) and Jesse McReynolds (born July 9, 1929).
James Raymond Creeggan (born February 12, 1970) is the bassist for Canadian alternative rock band Barenaked Ladies (BNL).
Jimbo Wallace is an upright and electric bass player, vocalist, and songwriter in the psychobilly and rockabilly genres.
James Blanton (October 5, 1918 – July 30, 1942) was an American jazz double bassist.
Joe Buck is the stage name of Jim Finklea, an American country and punk rock musician from Murray, Kentucky.
Joel Quarrington (born January 15, 1955), is a Canadian double bass player, soloist and teacher.
Johann (sometimes John) Baptist Cramer (24 February 1771 – 16 April 1858) was an English pianist and composer of German origin.
Johann Baptist Wanhal (May 12, 1739 – August 20, 1813), also spelled Waṅhal (the spelling the composer himself and at least one of his publishers used), Wanhall, Vanhal and Van Hall (the modern Czech form Jan Křtitel Vaňhal was introduced in the 20th century"He himself spelt his name Johann Baptist Waṅhal; his Viennese contemporaries and most scholars until World War II used the spelling Waṅhal, but later in the 20th century a modern Czech form, Jan Křtitel Vaňhal, was erroneously introduced." Paul Robey Bryan, "Vanhal, Johann Baptist " in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie (New York: Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2001), 19:592.), was an important Czech classical music composer.
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 177817 October 1837) was an Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
Johannes Matthias Sperger, also often Johann, (Czech: Jan Matyáš Sperger; 23 March 1750 – 13 May 1812) was an Austrian contrabassist and composer.
The John Butler Trio are an Australian roots/rock band led by guitarist and vocalist John Butler, an APRA and ARIA-award-winning musician.
John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer and music theorist.
John Harris Harbison (born December 20, 1938) is an American composer, known for his symphonies, operas, and large choral works.
John Woolrich (born 1954 in Cirencester) is an English composer.
Jon Deak (born April 27, 1943) is an American composer, contrabassist and education specialist.
José Serebrier (born 3 December 1938) is a Uruguayan conductor and composer.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Jump blues is an up-tempo style of blues, usually played by small groups and featuring saxophone or brass instruments.
Kaizers Orchestra was a Norwegian alternative rock band formed on 1 January 2000.
Kalevi Ensio Aho (born 9 March 1949) is a Finnish composer.
Karim Haddad (كريم حداد) (born January 22, 1962 in Dar-el Mraisseh, Beirut, Lebanon) is a Lebanese composer.
Truetone Jazz King --> Kay Musical Instrument Company was a musical instrument manufacturer of the United States, in operation since the 1930s until the 1960s.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
Kim Nekroman is the bassist and lead singer for the psychobilly band Nekromantix and the lead guitarist of HorrorPops.
Kind of Blue is a studio album by American jazz trumpeter Miles Davis.
Lamination is the technique of manufacturing a material in multiple layers, so that the composite material achieves improved strength, stability, sound insulation, appearance or other properties from the use of differing materials.
Larry Hurst is an American double bassist and professor.
Lars-Erik Larsson (15 May 190827 December 1986) was a Swedish composer.
Lee Rocker (born Leon Drucker, August 3, 1961) is an American double bass player.
In music performance and notation, legato (Italian for "tied together"; French lié; German gebunden) indicates that musical notes are played or sung smoothly and connected.
Clarence Leonidas "Leo" Fender (August 10, 1909 – March 21, 1991) was an American inventor who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, or "Fender" for short.
Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist.
Leopold Koželuch (born Jan Antonín Koželuh, alternatively also Leopold Koželuh, Leopold Kotzeluch) (26 June 1747 – 7 May 1818) was a Czech composer and teacher of classical music.
Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 – May 28, 1787) was a German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist.
Sergei Prokofiev's Lieutenant Kijé (Поручик Киже, Poruchik Kizhe) music was originally written to accompany the film of the same name, produced by the Belgoskino film studios in Leningrad in 1933–34 and released in March 1934.
Contemporary classical double bass players are performers who play the double bass, the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument.
This list of double bassists in popular music includes double bass performers from a range of genres, including rockabilly, psychobilly, country, blues, folk, bluegrass, and other styles.
This article is a list of historical classical double bassists from the 19th century, and of bassists from the early 20th century who are no longer living.
This list of jazz bassists includes performers of the double bass and since the 1950s, and particularly in the jazz subgenre of jazz fusion which developed in the 1970s, electric bass players.
The London Double Bass Ensemble (6 members) was established by members of the Philharmonia Orchestra of London in 1981.
Louis Thomas Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering American musician, songwriter and bandleader who was popular from the late 1930s to the early 1950s.
Louise Farrenc (31 May 1804 – 15 September 1875) was a French composer, virtuoso pianist and teacher.
Lowell Liebermann (born February 22, 1961 in New York City) is an American composer, pianist and conductor.
Luciano Berio, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (October 24, 1925 – May 27, 2003) was an Italian composer.
Ludwig Manoly (1855–1932) was a Hungarian-born double bassist who studied in Vienna and upon completing his studies, spent his life in the United States.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini (February 19, 1743 – May 28, 1805) was an Italian composer and cellist of the Classical era whose music retained a courtly and "galante" style even while he matured somewhat apart from the major European musical centers.
A luthier is someone who builds or repairs string instruments generally consisting of a neck and a sound box.
A machine head (also referred to as a tuning machine, tuner, or gear head) is a geared apparatus for tuning stringed musical instruments by adjusting string tension.
Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.
Mario Davidovsky (born March 4, 1934) is an Argentine-American composer.
Marshall Lytle (September 1, 1933 – May 25, 2013) was an American rock and roll bassist, best known for his work with the groups Bill Haley & His Comets and The Jodimars in the 1950s.
Martelé (French; Italian martellato), literally "hammered," is a bowstroke, used when playing bowed string instruments, though the Italian martellando and martellato are also applied to piano and vocal technique, and even (by Franz Liszt) to the organ.
The Master of Music (M.M. or M.Mus.) is, as an academic title, the first graduate degree in Music awarded by universities and conservatories.
Matteo Goffriller (1659–1742) was a Venetian luthier, particularly noted for the quality of his cellos.
Alfred McCoy Tyner (born December 11, 1938) is a jazz pianist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, known for his work with the John Coltrane Quartet and a long solo career.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
Mieczysław Weinberg (also Moisey or Moishe Vainberg, Moisey Samuilovich Vaynberg; Моисей Самуилович Вайнберг; Mojsze Wajnberg; 8 December 1919 – 26 February 1996) was a Soviet composer of Polish-Jewish origin.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Mikhaíl Ivánovich Glínka) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music.
Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
The Miles Davis Quintet was an American jazz band from 1955 to early 1969 led by Miles Davis.
Miroslav Ladislav Vitouš (6 December 1947) is a Czech jazz bassist who is known for his extensive career in the US.
Missy Raines (born April 6, 1962) is a bassist, singer, teacher, and songwriter.
In sound recording and reproduction, and sound reinforcement systems, a mixing console is an electronic device for combining sounds of many different audio signals.
The Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) was a jazz combo established in 1952 that played music influenced by classical, cool jazz, blues and bebop.
Mohammed Fairouz (born November 1, 1985) is an American composer.
Motown is an American record company.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Music from Two Basses is an album by bassists David Holland and Barre Phillips recorded in 1971 and released on the ECM label.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Nacre (also), also known as mother of pearl, is an organic-inorganic composite material produced by some molluscs as an inner shell layer; it also makes up the outer coating of pearls.
The Nekromantix is a Danish-American psychobilly band founded in 1989 in Copenhagen, Denmark.
The New York Philharmonic, officially the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc., globally known as New York Philharmonic Orchestra (NYPO) or New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City in the United States.
Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (27 October 178227 May 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer.
Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (27 May 1946 – 19 April 2005), often known as NHØP, was a Danish jazz upright bassist known for his technique and musical approach.
Nikos Skalkottas (Nίκος Σκαλκώτας; 21 March 1904 – 19 September 1949) was a Greek composer of 20th-century classical music.
Giovanni "Nino" Rota (3 December 1911 – 10 April 1979) was an Italian composer, pianist, conductor and academic who is best known for his film scores, notably for the films of Federico Fellini and Luchino Visconti.
In music, a nonet is a composition which requires nine musicians for a performance, or a musical group that consists of nine people.
In Western classical music, obbligato (also spelled obligato) usually describes a musical line that is in some way indispensable in performance.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
The octobass is an extremely large and rare (only 7 in existence) bowed string instrument that was first built around 1850 in Paris by the French luthier Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume (1798–1875).
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for an orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble, such as a concert band) or of adapting music composed for another medium for an orchestra.
Randolph Denard Ornette Coleman (March 9, 1930 – June 11, 2015) was an American jazz saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter, and composer.
Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, (August 15, 1925 – December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer.
Oscar Pettiford (September 30, 1922 – September 8, 1960) was an American jazz double bassist, cellist and composer.
Oscar G. Zimmerman (September 21, 1910 – April 2, 1987) was an American musician, teacher and double-bass player.
Otello is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Arrigo Boito, based on Shakespeare's play Othello.
Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).
Owls are birds from the order Strigiformes, which includes about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey typified by an upright stance, a large, broad head, binocular vision, binaural hearing, sharp talons, and feathers adapted for silent flight.
Pascal Dusapin (born 29 May 1955) is a contemporary French composer born in Nancy, France.
Patricia Day is the upright bassist and lead singer for the Danish rockabilly/psychobilly band HorrorPops.
Paubrasilia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae.
Paul Laurence Dunbar Chambers, Jr. (April 22, 1935 – January 4, 1969) was a jazz double bassist.
Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.
Pedagogy is the discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning.
In music, a pedal point (also pedal tone, pedal note, organ point, or pedal) is a sustained tone, typically in the bass, during which at least one foreign, i.e., dissonant harmony is sounded in the other parts.
"", K. 612, is a concert aria by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composed in Vienna.
In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so.
In classical music from Western culture, a fourth spans exactly four letter names (staff positions), while a perfect fourth (harmonic series) always involves the same interval, regardless of key (sharps and flats) between letters. A perfect fourth is the relationship between the third and fourth harmonics, sounding neither major nor minor, but consonant with an unstable quality (additive synthesis). In the key of C, the notes C and F constitute a perfect fourth relationship, as they're separated by four semitones (C, C#, D, D#, E, F). Up until the late 19th century, the perfect fourth was often called by its Greek name, diatessaron. A perfect fourth in just intonation corresponds to a pitch ratio of 4:3, or about 498 cents, while in equal temperament a perfect fourth is equal to five semitones, or 500 cents. The perfect fourth is a perfect interval like the unison, octave, and perfect fifth, and it is a sensory consonance. In common practice harmony, however, it is considered a stylistic dissonance in certain contexts, namely in two-voice textures and whenever it appears above the bass. If the bass note also happens to be the chord's root, the interval's upper note almost always temporarily displaces the third of any chord, and, in the terminology used in popular music, is then called a suspended fourth. Conventionally, adjacent strings of the double bass and of the bass guitar are a perfect fourth apart when unstopped, as are all pairs but one of adjacent guitar strings under standard guitar tuning. Sets of tom-tom drums are also commonly tuned in perfect fourths. The 4:3 just perfect fourth arises in the C major scale between G and C.
Sir Peter Maxwell Davies (8 September 1934 – 14 March 2016) was an English composer and conductor.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
In classical music, a piano quintet is a work of chamber music written for piano and four other instruments.
A piano trio is a group of piano and two other instruments, usually a violin and a cello, or a piece of music written for such a group.
A piccolo bass is either an electric bass guitar or acoustic double bass which has been tuned to a higher range, usually one octave higher than conventional bass tuning.
A pickup is a transducer that captures or senses mechanical vibrations produced by musical instruments, particularly stringed instruments such as the electric guitar, and converts these to an electrical signal that is amplified using an instrument amplifier to produce musical sounds through a loudspeaker in a speaker enclosure.
The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.
Pizzicato (pizzicato, translated as pinched, and sometimes roughly as plucked) is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument.
Plywood is a sheet material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.
The polka is originally a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas.
PROJECT Trio is a chamber music ensemble based in Brooklyn, New York.
Psychobilly is a rock music fusion genre that mixes elements of rockabilly and punk rock.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
The rabeca or rabeca chuleira is a fiddle from northeastern Brazil and northern Portugal featured most commonly in Brazilian forró music.
Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.
Ralph Vaughan Williams (12 October 1872– 26 August 1958) was an English composer.
Raymond Matthews Brown (October 13, 1926 – July 2, 2002) was an African American jazz double bassist known for extensive work with Oscar Peterson and Ella Fitzgerald.
The rebec (sometimes rebecha, rebeckha, and other spellings, pronounced or) is a bowed stringed instrument of the Medieval era and the early Renaissance era.
Keith Moore "Red" Mitchell (September 20, 1927 – November 8, 1992), was an American jazz double-bassist, composer, lyricist, and poet.
Reinhold Moritzevich Glière (Russian language: Рейнгольд Морицевич Глиэр, Ukrainian language: Ре́йнгольд Мо́ріцевич Гліер / Reingol'd Moritsevich Glier; born Reinhold Ernest Glier, which was later converted for standardization purposes; 23 June 1956), PAU, was a composer in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, of German and Polish descent.
Renaud Garcia-Fons (born December 24, 1962) is a highly accomplished French upright-bass player and composer.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Richard Wernick (born January 16, 1934) in Boston, Massachusetts is an American composer.
Riders in the Sky is an American Western music and comedy group which began performing in 1977.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
"Rock the Joint", also known as "We're Gonna Rock This Joint Tonight", is a boogie song recorded by various proto-rock and roll singers, notably Jimmy Preston and early rock and roll singers, most notably Bill Haley.
Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South.
"Rocket 88" (originally written as Rocket "88") is a rhythm and blues song that was first recorded in Memphis, Tennessee, on March 3 or 5, 1951 (accounts differ).
Romantic music is a period of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century.
Ronald Levin "Ron" Carter (born May 4, 1937) is an American jazz double bassist.
In music theory, the concept of root is the idea that a chord can be represented and named by one of its notes.
Roots rock is rock music that looks back to rock's origins in folk, blues and country music.
Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch (pix græca), is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components.
The Royal Philharmonic Society is a British music society, formed in 1813.
A scherzo (plural scherzos or scherzi), in western classical music, is a short composition -- sometimes a movement from a larger work such as a symphony or a sonata.
Scientific pitch notation (or SPN, also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN) and International Pitch Notation (IPN)) is a method of specifying musical pitch by combining a musical note name (with accidental if needed) and a number identifying the pitch's octave.
Scordatura (literally Italian for "mistuning"), is a tuning of a stringed instrument different from the normal, standard tuning.
Rocco Scott LaFaro (April 3, 1936 – July 6, 1961) was an American jazz double bassist known for his work with the Bill Evans Trio.
Scott Bradley Owen (born 14 February 1975) plays the double bass in the Australian punk rock/psychobilly band The Living End.
A scroll is the decoratively carved beginning of the neck of certain stringed instruments, mainly members of the violin family.
A semitone, also called a half step or a half tone, is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, and it is considered the most dissonant when sounded harmonically.
Sequenza (Italian for "sequence") is the name borne by fourteen compositions for solo instruments or voice by Luciano Berio.
The Serenade No.
Serge Alexandrovich KoussevitzkyKoussevitzky's original Russian forename is usually transliterated into English as either "Sergei" or "Sergey"; however, he himself adopted the French spelling "Serge", using it in his signature.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (r; 27 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian Soviet composer, pianist and conductor.
Shannon Birchall is an Australian born musician, probably best known as the bassist for jam band the John Butler Trio.
Shenandoah University is a comprehensive private liberal arts university located in Winchester, Virginia in the United States.
Sight-reading, also called a prima vista (Italian meaning "at first sight"), is the reading and performing of a piece of music or song in music notation that the performer has not seen before.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Sinfonia concertante (also called symphonie concertante) is an orchestral work, normally in several movements, in which there are parts of solo instruments, generally two or more, contrasting of a group of soloists with the full orchestra.
Leroy Eliot "Slam" Stewart (September 21, 1914December 10, 1987) was an African American jazz double bass player whose trademark style was his ability to bow the bass (arco) and simultaneously hum or sing an octave higher.
Slapping and popping are ways to produce percussive sounds on a double bass or bass guitar by bouncing strings against the fretboard.
Snakewood is a common name of several different plants.
A snare drum or side drum is a percussion instrument that produces a sharp staccato sound when the head is struck with a drum stick, due to the use of a series of stiff wires held under tension against the lower skin.
Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina (Софи́я Асгáтовна Губaйду́лина, София Әсгать кызы Гобәйдуллина; born 24 October 1931) is a Tatar-Russian composer.
Walter Theodore "Sonny" Rollins (born September 7, 1930) is an American jazz tenor saxophonist who is widely recognized as one of the most important and influential jazz musicians.
A sound hole is an opening in the body of a stringed musical instrument, usually the upper sound board.
In a string instrument, the sound post or soundpost is a dowel inside the instrument under the treble end of the bridge, spanning the space between the top and back plates and held in place by friction.
The sousaphone is a brass instrument in the same family as the more widely known tuba.
Spiccato is a bowing technique for string instruments in which the bow appears to bounce lightly upon the string.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
Staccato (Italian for "detached") is a form of musical articulation.
In music, standard tuning refers to the typical tuning of a string instrument.
Stanley Clarke (born June 30, 1951) is an American bassist and founding member of Return to Forever, one of the first jazz fusion bands.
Stefano Scodanibbio (18 June 1956 – 8 January 2012) was an Italian musician who reached international prominence as a double bassist and composer.
A stomp box (or stompbox) is a simple percussion instrument consisting of a small wooden box placed under the foot, which is tapped or stamped on rhythmically to produce a sound similar to that of a bass drum.
On string instruments, a stopped note is a note whose pitch has been altered from the pitch of the open string by the player's left hand pressing (stopping) the string against the fingerboard.
The Strathclyde Concertos are a series of ten orchestral works by the English composer Sir Peter Maxwell Davies.
Strauss, Strauß or Straus is a common Germanic surname.
Stray Cats is an American rockabilly band formed in 1979 by guitarist and vocalist Brian Setzer, double bassist Lee Rocker, and drummer Slim Jim Phantom in the Long Island town of Massapequa, New York.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string players – two violin players, a viola player and a cellist – or a piece written to be performed by such a group.
The string section is composed of bowed instruments belonging to the violin family.
Sub-bass sounds are the deep, low- register pitched pitches approximately below 60 Hz and extending downward to include the lowest frequency humans can hear, assumed at about 20 Hz.
Susan Kay Quatro (born 3 June 1950) is an American rock singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and actress.
Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.
Sylvano Bussotti (born 1 October 1931) is an Italian composer of contemporary music whose work is unusually notated and often creates special problems of interpretation.
(Fantastical Symphony: An Episode in the Life of an Artist, in Five Parts) Op. 14, is a program symphony written by the French composer Hector Berlioz in 1830.
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The Symphony No.
The Symphony No.
A tailpiece is a component on many stringed musical instruments that anchors one end of the strings, usually opposite the end with the tuning mechanism (the scroll, headstock, peghead, etc.).
Tango is a style of music in 4 time that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay (collectively, the "Rioplatenses").
Teppo Hauta-Aho (born May 27, 1941) is a Finnish double bassist and composer.
Jon Terryl "Terry" Plumeri (November 28, 1944 – March 31, 2016) was an American musician, classical composer, orchestra conductor, double bassist, lecturer, teacher, producer, and film score composer.
Testore is an Italian surname.
The Carnival of the Animals (Le carnaval des animaux) is a humorous musical suite of fourteen movements by the French Romantic composer Camille Saint-Saëns.
The Living End are an Australian punk rock band, which formed in 1994.
The Reverend Horton Heat is the stage name of American musician Jim Heath (born 1959) as well as the name of his Dallas, Texas-based psychobilly trio.
The Seekers are an Australian folk-influenced pop quartet, originally formed in Melbourne in 1962.
The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra is a 1945 musical composition by Benjamin Britten with a subtitle Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Purcell.
Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was an American jazz pianist and composer.
In music performance and education, thumb position, not a traditional position, is a string instrument playing technique used to facilitate playing in the upper register of the double bass, cello, and related instruments, such as the electric upright bass.
Tiger Army is an American psychobilly band based in Los Angeles, California.
Todd Phillips (born Todd Bunzl; December 20, 1970) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and actor.
Todd Phillips (born April 21, 1953) is an American double bassist.
The tololoche is a traditional musical instrument from northern Mexico.
Tom Johnson (born November 18, 1939 in Greeley, Colorado), is an American minimalist composer, a former student of Morton Feldman.
Traditional bluegrass, as the name implies, emphasizes the traditional elements of bluegrass music, and stands in contrast to progressive bluegrass.
A transposing instrument is a musical instrument whose music is recorded in staff notation at a pitch different from the pitch that actually sounds (concert pitch).
Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, abbreviated in English as the Treatise on Instrumentation (sometimes Treatise on Orchestration) is a technical study of Western musical instruments, written by Hector Berlioz.
In music, tremolo, or tremolando, is a trembling effect.
In music, a trio (an Italian word) is a method of instrumentation or vocalization by three different sounds or voices to make a melodious music or song.
The triple contrabass viol is a modern variant of the French octobass, which lost favor with most composers since its creation in 1850.
The Trout Quintet (Forellenquintett) is the popular name for the Piano Quintet in A major, D. 667, by Franz Schubert.
The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched musical instrument in the brass family.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
A tuning peg is used to hold a string in the pegbox of a stringed instrument.
Tympany Five was a successful and influential rhythm and blues and jazz dance band founded by Louis Jordan in 1938.
In music, unison is two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time.
The Hartt School is the comprehensive performing arts conservatory of the University of Hartford located in West Hartford, Connecticut, United States that offers degree programs in music, dance, and theatre.
Vertical Vision is a studio album by American bassist Christian McBride together with his sextet.
Vibrato (Italian, from past participle of "vibrare", to vibrate) is a musical effect consisting of a regular, pulsating change of pitch.
Vincent Ludwig Persichetti (June 6, 1915 – August 14, 1987) was an American composer, teacher, and pianist.
The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.
The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
The violin family of musical instruments was developed in Italy in the 16th century.
The violin octet is a family of stringed instruments developed in the 20th century primarily under the direction of the American luthier Carleen Hutchins.
Playing the violin entails holding the instrument under the chin, supported by the left shoulder (see below for variations of this posture).
The term violone (literally "large viol" in Italian, "-one" being the augmentative suffix) can refer to several distinct large, bowed musical instruments which belong to either the viol or violin family.
A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso or, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field such as fine arts, music, singing, playing a musical instrument, or composition.
Vocal harmony is a style of vocal music in which a consonant note or notes are simultaneously sung as a main melody in a predominantly homophonic texture.
In country music, walkdown is a bassline which connects two root position chords whose roots are a third apart, often featuring an inverted chord to go between the root notes of the first two chords.
Václav Pichl (25 September 1741 – 23 January 1805; known in German as Wenzel Pichl) was a classical Czech composer of the 18th Century.
John Leslie "Wes" Montgomery (March 6, 1923 – June 15, 1968) was an American jazz guitarist.
William James Dixon (July 1, 1915January 29, 1992) was an American blues musician, vocalist, songwriter, arranger and record producer.
Willows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997.
A wolf tone, or simply a "wolf", is produced when a played note matches the natural resonating frequency of the body of a musical instrument, producing a sustaining sympathetic artificial overtone that amplifies and expands the frequencies of the original note, frequently accompanied by an oscillating beating (due to the uneven frequencies between the natural note and artificial overtone) which may be likened to the howling of the animal.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
A worm drive is a gear arrangement in which a worm (which is a gear in the form of a screw) meshes with a worm gear (which is similar in appearance to a spur gear).
A youth orchestra is an orchestra made of young musicians, typically ranging from pre-teens or teenagers to those in their mid-20s.
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