100 relations: Abstract strategy game, Africa, Alquerque, American and British English spelling differences, American English, American Pool Checkers, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, Armenian draughts, Arthur Samuel, Artificial intelligence in video games, Backgammon, Barbados, Belgium, Bishop (chess), Blue and Gray (board game), Board game, Brazil, Brazilian draughts, British English, British Museum, Brute-force search, Camel (chess), Canadian checkers, Checkerboard, Cheskers, Chess, Chessboard, Chinese checkers, Chinook (draughts player), Christian Freeling, Czech draughts, Damath, Dameo, Diagonal, Dover Publications, Eastern Europe, Emanuel Lasker, English draughts, Epaminondas (game), Fanorona, Friesland, Generalized game, Ghana, Halma, Hatshepsut, Hexdame, Homer, Huff (board games), Inoue Enryō, ..., International draughts, Italian draughts, Jonathan Schaeffer, Kitab al-Aghani, Konane, Lasca, Latvia, Libro de los juegos, List of draughts players, List of Draughts World Championship winners, List of Draughts-64 World Championship winners, List of women's Draughts World Championship winners, Ludus latrunculorum, Malaysia, Misère, Moors, Netherlands, New York City, Nine men's morris, Philippines, Philosophy shogi checkers, Plato, Poddavki, Portugal, Post-Soviet states, PSPACE, Queen (chess), Rook (chess), Russian draughts, Samuel Johnson, Senegal, Singapore, Solomon W. Golomb, Solved game, Southeastern United States, Soviet Union, Strategy game, Suriname, Tanzanian draughts, Tie (draw), Tiers, Time complexity, Turkish draughts, Turkmenistan, Ur, Vladimir Vigman, William Payne (mathematician), World Checkers/Draughts Championship, World Chess Championship, World Draughts Federation. Expand index (50 more) » « Shrink index
An abstract strategy game is a strategy game that does not rely on a theme.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Alquerque (also known as Qirkat) is a strategy board game that is thought to have originated in the Middle East.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
American Pool checkers, also called "American Pool", is a variant of draughts, mainly played in the mid-Atlantic and southeastern United States and in Puerto Rico.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Armenian draughts is a variant of draughts (or checkers) played in Armenia.
Arthur Lee Samuel (December 5, 1901 – July 29, 1990) was an American pioneer in the field of computer gaming and artificial intelligence.
In video games, artificial intelligence is used to generate responsive, adaptive or intelligent behaviors primarily in non-player characters (NPCs), similar to human-like intelligence.
Backgammon is one of the oldest known board games.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
Blue and Gray is a strategy board game for two players invented by Henry Busch and Arthur Jaeger in 1903.
A board game is a tabletop game that involves counters or moved or placed on a pre-marked surface or "board", according to a set of rules.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazilian draughts (or Brazilian Checkers) is a variant of the strategy board game draughts.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
In computer science, brute-force search or exhaustive search, also known as generate and test, is a very general problem-solving technique that consists of systematically enumerating all possible candidates for the solution and checking whether each candidate satisfies the problem's statement.
The camel (or long knight) is a fairy chess piece that moves like an elongated knight.
Canadian checkers (or Canadian draughts) is a variant of the strategy board game draughts.
A checkerboard (American English) or chequerboard (British English; see spelling differences) is a board of chequered pattern on which English draughts (checkers) is played.
Cheskers is a variant of checkers and chess invented by Solomon Golomb in 1948.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
A chessboard is the type of checkerboard used in the board game chess, consisting of 64 squares (eight rows and eight columns).
Chinese checkers (US and Canadian spelling) or Chinese chequers (UK spelling) is a strategy board game of German origin (named "Sternhalma") which can be played by two, three, four, or six people, playing individually or with partners.
Chinook is a computer program that plays checkers (also known as draughts).
Christian Freeling (born 1 February 1947 in Enschede, Netherlands) is a Dutch game designer and inventor of abstract strategy games, notably Grand Chess, Havannah, Hexdame and Dameo.
Czech draughts is a board game played in the territory formerly occupied by the Czechoslovak Republic (present day Czech and Slovak Republics).
Damath is a two-player educational board game combining the board game "Dama" (Filipino word for Checkers) and Math.
Dameo is a strategy board game for two players invented by Christian Freeling in 2000.
In geometry, a diagonal is a line segment joining two vertices of a polygon or polyhedron, when those vertices are not on the same edge.
Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
English draughts (British English) or checkers (American English; see spelling differences), also called American checkers or straight checkers, is a form of the strategy board game draughts.
Epaminondas is a strategy board game invented by Robert Abbott in 1975.
Fanorona is a strategy board game for two players.
Friesland (official, Fryslân), also historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country.
In computational complexity theory, a generalized game is a game or puzzle that has been generalized so that it can be played on a board or grid of any size.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Halma (from the Greek word ἅλμα meaning "jump") is a strategy board game invented in 1883 or 1884 by George Howard Monks, a US thoracic surgeon at Harvard Medical School.
Hatshepsut (also Hatchepsut; Egyptian: ḥꜣt-šps.wt "Foremost of Noble Ladies"; 1507–1458 BCE) was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
Hexdame (or HexDame) is a strategy board game for two players invented by Christian Freeling in 1979.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
Huffing is a rule used in some board games, such as Alquerque, Asalto and traditional and informal English draughts (checkers).
was a Japanese philosopher, Buddhist reformer, educator, and royalist.
International draughts (also called Polish draughts or international checkers) is a strategy board game for two players, one of the variants of draughts.
Italian draughts is a variant of the draughts family played mainly in Italy and Northern Africa.
Jonathan Herbert Schaeffer (born on 1957) is a Canadian researcher and professor at the University of Alberta and the Canada Research Chair in Artificial Intelligence.
Kitab al-Aghani (كتاب الأغاني, The Book of Songs), is an encyclopedic collection of poems and songs that runs to over 20 volumes in modern editions by the 10th-century Arabic litterateur Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani (also known as al-Isbahani).
Kōnane is a two-player strategy board game from Hawaii.
Lasca (also called Laska or Laskers) is a draughts (or checkers) variant, invented by the second World Chess Champion Emanuel Lasker (1868–1941).
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
The Libro de los Juegos, ("Book of games"), or Libro de axedrez, dados e tablas, ("Book of chess, dice and tables", in Old Spanish) was commissioned by Alfonso X of Castile, Galicia and León and completed in his scriptorium in Toledo in 1283,Sonja Musser Golladay, (PhD diss., University of Arizona, 2007), 31.
List of draughts players is concerned with the leading or champion figures in the history of various forms of draughts.
The Draughts World Championship in international draughts is the world championship, which began in 1885 in France, since 1948 organized by the World Draughts Federation (FMJD).
The Draughts-64 World Championship is the world championship for Brazilian and Russian draughts.
The Draughts World Championship is the world championship in international draughts, since 1973 organised among women by the World Draughts Federation (FMJD).
Ludus latrunculorum, latrunculi, or simply latrones (“the game of brigands”, from latrunculus, diminutive of latro, mercenary or highwayman) was a two-player strategy board game played throughout the Roman Empire.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Misere or misère (French for "destitution"; equivalent terms in other languages include bettel, contrabola, devole, null, pobre) is a bid in various card games, and the player who bids misere undertakes to win no tricks or as few as possible, usually at no trump, in the round to be played.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Poddavki (also known as Obratnye Russian shashki) is a draughts game based on the rules of Russian draughts, main difference from other draughts games is that a player wins if he doesn't have any legal moves on his turn (either by giving up all of his checkers or having them being blocked).
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The post-Soviet states, also collectively known as the former Soviet Union (FSU) or former Soviet Republics, are the states that emerged and re-emerged from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in its breakup in 1991, with Russia internationally recognised as the successor state to the Soviet Union after the Cold War.
In computational complexity theory, PSPACE is the set of all decision problems that can be solved by a Turing machine using a polynomial amount of space.
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
Russian draughts (also known as Shashki or Russian shashki) is a variant of draughts (checkers) played in Russia and some parts of the former USSR, as well as parts of Eastern Europe and Israel.
Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Solomon Wolf Golomb (May 30, 1932 – May 1, 2016) was an American mathematician, engineer, and professor of electrical engineering at the University of Southern California, best known for his works on mathematical games.
A solved game is a game whose outcome (win, lose or draw) can be correctly predicted from any position, assuming that both players play perfectly.
The Southeastern United States (Sureste de Estados Unidos, Sud-Est des États-Unis) is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A strategy game or strategic game is a game (e.g. video or board game) in which the players' uncoerced, and often autonomous decision-making skills have a high significance in determining the outcome.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Tanzanian draughts (or simply TZ draughts; and drafti in Swahili) is a variant of draughts (checkers) board game played usually in Tanzania.
A draw or tie occurs in a competitive sport when the results are identical or inconclusive.
Tiers, also known as ultra checkers, is a complex variant of checkers that allows players to upgrade their pieces beyond kings.
In computer science, the time complexity is the computational complexity that describes the amount of time it takes to run an algorithm.
Turkish draughts (also known as Dama) is a variant of draughts (checkers) played in Turkey, Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and several other locations in the Middle East.
Turkmenistan (or; Türkmenistan), (formerly known as Turkmenia) is a sovereign state in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.
Ur (Sumerian: Urim; Sumerian Cuneiform: KI or URIM5KI; Akkadian: Uru; أور; אור) was an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia, located at the site of modern Tell el-Muqayyar (تل المقير) in south Iraq's Dhi Qar Governorate.
Vladimir Vigman (Владимир Яковлевич Вигман; Vladimirs Vigmans; born in Riga) is a Latvian draughts player in International draughts and Draughts-64.
William Payne (unknown – c. 1779) was an English mathematicianCourtney, A bibliography, p. 74.
The World Checkers/Draughts Championship is the tournament of English draughts (also known as "American checkers" or "straight checkers") which determines the world champion.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The Fédération Mondiale du Jeu de Dames (FMJD, World Draughts Federation) is the international body uniting national draughts federations.