438 relations: Accessibility, Adam Mickiewicz, Administrative centre, Advanced Micro Devices, Afro-Germans, Airbus, Alliance 90/The Greens, Alternative for Germany, American football, Anthem of Europe, Asian people, Association football, August Buchner, Augustus Bridge, Augustus II the Strong, Augustus III of Poland, Ústí nad Labem, Baroque, Baroque architecture, Bas-Rhin, Battle of Dresden, Bauhaus, Bautzen, Bautzen (district), Berenberg Bank, Bernardo Bellotto, Bezirk Dresden, Big Science, Blasewitz, Bode Gorge, Bombardier Transportation, Bombing of Dresden in World War II, Brazzaville, Brühl's Terrace, Bundesagentur für Arbeit, Bundesautobahn 13, Bundesautobahn 17, Bundesautobahn 4, Bundesliga, Bundesstraße, Bundeswehr Military History Museum, Bunte Republik Neustadt, Burgomaster, Car, CarGoTram, Carl Maria von Weber, Carle Hessay, Caspar David Friedrich, Central Europe, Chemical physics, ..., Chemnitz, Christian cross, Christian Democratic Union of Germany, Christian music, Cinematic techniques, City council, Civil disobedience, Classicism, Club (weapon), Cold War, Cologne, Columbus, Ohio, Compulsory education, Constitutional court, Contemporary architecture, Coop Himmelb(l)au, Cottbus, Coventry, Coventry Blitz, Criminal law, Cult film, Cultural landscape, Currency, Czech Republic, Czech Republic–Germany border, Daniel Libeskind, David Irving, DDR-Oberliga, Deconstructivism, Defensive wall, Department store, Der Spiegel, Dessau, Detention basin, Deutsche Welle, Deutscher Wetterdienst, DFB-Pokal, Dresden (region), Dresden Academy of Fine Arts, Dresden Airport, Dresden Armoury, Dresden Basin, Dresden Botanical Garden, Dresden Castle, Dresden Cathedral, Dresden City Museum, Dresden Codex, Dresden Elbe Valley, Dresden Frauenkirche, Dresden Funicular Railway, Dresden Hauptbahnhof, Dresden Heath, Dresden Monarchs, Dresden Museum of Ethnology, Dresden Philharmonic, Dresden Porcelain Collection, Dresden S-Bahn, Dresden Titans, Dresden Transport Museum, Dresden TV tower, Dresden Zoo, Dresden-Neustadt station, Dresdner Bank, Dresdner Eislöwen, Dresdner Kreuzchor, Dresdner Neueste Nachrichten, Dresdner SC, Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe, Duchy of Saxony, Dynamo Dresden, Dziady (poem), East Germany, Economic collapse, Edition (book), Elbe, Elbe Flugzeugwerke, Elbe Sandstone Mountains, Elbe Valley, Electrical engineering, EnergieVerbund Arena, England, Equestrian statue, Erich Kästner, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, European Cup and UEFA Champions League history, European route E40, European route E55, Fürstenzug, Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Germany), Festspielhaus Hellerau, Florence, Focus (German magazine), Football team, Fortress Investment Group, Fraunhofer Society, Frédéric Chopin, Free dance, Free Democratic Party (Germany), Fresh water, Friedrich Schiller, Galerie Neue Meister, Garden city movement, Görlitz, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Georg Bartisch, George Grosz, Gerhard Richter, German Army, German bombing of Rotterdam, German Empire, German Football League, German Hygiene Museum, German reunification, German revolutions of 1848–49, German Universities Excellence Initiative, Germans, Germany, GlaxoSmithKline, GlobalFoundries, Gorbitz, Gottfried Semper, Grand Est, Grünes Gewölbe, Great Officer of State, Greater Poland uprising (1848), Gret Palucca, Großer Garten, Gross domestic product, Group of Eight, Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, Gymnasium (Germany), Hamburg, Hangzhou, Headquarters, Heinrich Tessenow, Heinrich von Brühl, Heinz-Steyer-Stadion, Hellerau, Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Helmut Schön, Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, Herbert Wehner, Hercules, High tech, Hildebrand Gurlitt, Historicism (art), Historism, History of architecture, History of Germany, Hochschule für Musik Carl Maria von Weber, Horse racing, House of Wettin, Human biology, Ice hockey, Infineon Technologies, Inner city, Innere Neustadt (Dresden), Institute of technology, Interior ministry, International airport, International Style (architecture), Investment company, Islam in Germany, Islamization, January Uprising, Japanisches Palais, Józef Ignacy Kraszewski, Jean-Joseph Vinache, Johan Christian Dahl, Juliusz Słowacki, Kabarett, Karl Reinisch, Kazimierz Wyka, KGB, Kingdom of Saxony, Klementyna Hoffmanowa, Klotzsche, Kościuszko Uprising, Kraków, Kreuzkirche, Dresden, Kreuzschule, Kupferstich-Kabinett, Dresden, Kurt Vonnegut, Landtag of the Free State of Saxony, Lazar Matveev, Leibniz Association, Leibniz Institute for Polymer Research, Leibniz-Institut für Festkörper- und Werkstoffforschung, Leipzig, Linear Pottery culture, List of cities and towns in Poland, List of cities in Germany by population, List of districts of Germany, List of German football champions, List of national legal systems, List of Polish monarchs, List of rulers of Saxony, Loschwitz, Loschwitz Bridge, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Luftwaffe, Lusatia, Margravate of Meissen, Margraviate of 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Personal union, Pillnitz, Pillnitz Castle, Pirate Party Germany, Plattenbau, Poles, Polish Biographical Dictionary, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Postmodern architecture, Postmodernism, Potsdam, Prague, President of Russia, Prince-elector, Prisoner of war, ProA, Protected area, Public space, Radebeul, Rapid transit, Red Army, Regional rail, Renaissance, Research, Research institute, Reserved track, Reservoir, Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, Rococo, Roman Catholic Diocese of Dresden-Meissen, Rotterdam, Royal Air Force, Royal Household, Russian Orthodox Church, Russian Partition, Sachsenliga, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, Sascha Schneider, Saxon State and University Library Dresden, Saxon Switzerland, Saxons, Saxony, Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge, Sächsische Staatskanzlei, Sächsische Zeitung, SC Borea Dresden, Semperoper, Seven Years' War, Siarhei Mikhalok, Siege of Dresden, Siemens, Silicon Saxony, Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet, Sister city, Skopje, Slaughterhouse-Five, Slavs, 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Cathedral, Wawrzyniec Benzelstjerna Engeström, Weather station, Weißeritz, West Germany, West Midlands (county), White nationalism, World Digital Library, World Heritage site, World War I, World War II, Wrocław, Yenidze, ZMDI, Zwinger (Dresden), 1st Guards Tank Army (Russia), 2. 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Accessibility refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people who experience disabilities.
Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (24 December 179826 November 1855) was a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist.
An administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a commune is located.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Afro-Germans (Afrodeutsche), Black Germans (schwarze Deutsche) or during the German Empire Imperial Negroes (Reichsneger) are an ethnic group, namely people who are citizens and/or residents of Germany and who are of Black African descent.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.
Alternative for Germany (Alternative für Deutschland, AfD) is a right-wing to far-right political party in Germany.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
"Anthem of Europe" is the anthem of the Council of Europe and the European Union.
Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
August Buchner (2 November 1591 – 12 February 1661) was a German philologist, poet and literary scholar, an influential professor of poetry and rhetoric at the University of Wittenberg.
The Augustus Bridge is a bridge in the city of Dresden, in the state Saxony in Germany.
Augustus II the Strong (August II.; August II Mocny; Augustas II; 12 May 16701 February 1733) of the Albertine line of the House of Wettin was Elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus I), Imperial Vicar and elected King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
Augustus III (August III Sas, Augustas III; 17 October 1696 5 October 1763) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1734 until 1763, as well as Elector of Saxony in the Holy Roman Empire from 1733 until 1763 where he was known as Frederick Augustus II (Friedrich August II).
Ústí nad Labem, formerly known by its German name Aussig, is the 7th-most populous city of the Czech Republic.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
Bas-Rhin (Alsatian: Unterelsàss) is a department in the Grand Est region of France.
The Battle of Dresden (26–27 August 1813) was a major engagement of the Napoleonic Wars.
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
Bautzen (Upper Sorbian: Budyšin; Lower Sorbian: Budyšyn, Budyšín, Budziszyn) is a hill-top town in eastern Saxony, Germany, and administrative centre of the eponymous district.
The district of Bautzen ('Landkreis Bautzen', 'Wokrjes Budyšin') is a district in the state of Saxony in Germany.
Bernardo Bellotto, (c. 1721/2 or 30 January 1721 – 17 November 1780), was an Italian urban landscape painter or vedutista, and printmaker in etching famous for his vedute of European cities (Dresden, Vienna, Turin and Warsaw).
The Bezirk Dresden was a district (Bezirk) of East Germany.
Big science is a term used by scientists and historians of science to describe a series of changes in science which occurred in industrial nations during and after World War II, as scientific progress increasingly came to rely on large-scale projects usually funded by national governments or groups of governments.
Blasewitz is a larger borough (Ortsamtsbereich) of Dresden, Germany in the city's eastern centre on the Elbe river.
The Bode Gorge (Bodetal) is a long ravine that forms part of the Bode valley between Treseburg and Thale in the Harz Mountains of central Germany.
Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Canadian firm Bombardier Inc. Bombardier Transportation is one of the world's largest companies in the rail vehicle and equipment manufacturing and servicing industry.
The bombing of Dresden was a British/American aerial bombing attack on the city of Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony, during World War II in the European Theatre.
Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is on the north side of the Congo River, opposite Kinshasa.
Brühl's Terrace (Brühlsche Terrasse) is a historic architectural ensemble in Dresden, Germany.
The Bundesagentur für Arbeit (Federal Office for Labour, BA) is a German federal agency in the area of responsibility of the Federal Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs and has its headquarters in Nuremberg.
is an autobahn in eastern Germany, connecting Berlin with Dresden.
is an autobahn in Saxony, south-eastern Germany.
is an autobahn that crosses Germany in a west-east direction.
The Bundesliga (lit. "Federal League", sometimes referred to as the Fußball-Bundesliga or 1. Bundesliga) is a professional association football league in Germany and the football league with the highest average stadium attendance worldwide.
Bundesstraße (German for "federal highway"), abbreviated B, is the denotation for German and Austrian national highways.
The Bundeswehr Military History Museum (Militärhistorisches Museum der Bundeswehr (MHMBw)) is the military museum of the German Armed Forces, the Bundeswehr, and one of the major military history museums in Germany.
The Bunte Republik Neustadt (German: literally "Colourful Republic of Neustadt") was a micronation in Dresden in Germany, in parts of the city's district Dresden-Neustadt, from 1990 to 1993; nowadays every year in June a 3-day cultural festival is celebrated there under the same name.
Burgomaster (alternatively spelled burgermeister, literally master of the town, master of the borough, master of the fortress, or master of the citizens) is the English form of various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate or chairman of the executive council, usually of a sub-national level of administration such as a city or a similar entity.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
The CarGoTram is a freight tram in Dresden, Germany.
Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, and was one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.
Carle Hessay (1911–1978) was a German-born Canadian painter.
Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 – 7 May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Chemical physics is a subdiscipline of chemistry and physics that investigates physicochemical phenomena using techniques from atomic and molecular physics and condensed matter physics; it is the branch of physics that studies chemical processes from the point of view of physics.
Chemnitz, known from 1953 to 1990 as Karl-Marx-Stadt, is the third-largest city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus, is the best-known symbol of Christianity.
The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany.
Christian music is music that has been written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life and faith.
This article contains a list of cinematic techniques that are divided into categories and briefly described.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government or occupying international power.
Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for a classical period, classical antiquity in the Western tradition, as setting standards for taste which the classicists seek to emulate.
A club (also known as a cudgel, baton, truncheon, cosh, nightstick, beating stick, or bludgeon) is among the simplest of all weapons: a short staff or stick, usually made of wood, wielded as a weapon since prehistoric times.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Columbus is the state capital and the most populous city in Ohio.
Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by government.
A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law.
Contemporary architecture is the architecture of the 21st century.
Coop Himmelb(l)au was founded by Wolf D. Prix, Helmut Swiczinsky, and Michael Holzer in Vienna, Austria, in 1968, and is active in architecture, urban planning, design, and art.
Cottbus is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
The Coventry blitz (blitz: from the German word Blitzkrieg meaning "lightning war") was a series of bombing raids that took place on the English city of Coventry.
Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.
A cult film or cult movie, also commonly referred to as a cult classic, is a film that has acquired a cult following.
A cultural landscape, as defined by the World Heritage Committee, is the "cultural properties represent the combined works of nature and of man.".
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Czech Republic–Germany border is the international border between the Czech Republic and Germany.
Daniel Libeskind (born May 12, 1946) is a Polish-American architect, artist, professor and set designer.
David John Cawdell Irving (born 24 March 1938) is an English author and Holocaust denier who has written on the military and political history of World War II, with a focus on Nazi Germany.
The DDR-Oberliga (English:East German Premier League or GDR-Premier League) was the top level football league in East Germany.
Deconstructivism is a movement of postmodern architecture which appeared in the 1980s, which gives the impression of the fragmentation of the constructed building.
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
Dessau is a town and former municipality in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt.
A detention basin or retarding basin is an excavated area installed on, or adjacent to, tributaries of rivers, streams, lakes or bays to protect against flooding and, in some cases, downstream erosion by storing water for a limited period of time.
Deutsche Welle ("German wave" in German) or DW is Germany's public international broadcaster.
The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes.
The DFB-Pokal (until 1943 Tschammer-Pokal) or German Cup is a German knockout football cup competition held annually.
Dresden is one of the three former Direktionsbezirke of the Free State of Saxony, Germany, located in the east of the state.
The Dresden Academy of Fine Arts (German Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden), often abbreviated HfBK Dresden or simply HfBK, is a vocational university of visual arts located in Dresden, Germany.
Dresden Airport is the international airport in Dresden, the capital of the German Free State of Saxony.
The Dresden Armoury or Dresden Armory (German: Rüstkammer), also known as the Dresden Historical Museum (German: Historisches Museum Dresden), is one of the world's largest collections of ceremonial weapons, armour and historical textiles.
The Dresden Basin ((Dresdner) Elbtalkessel or Dresdner Elbtalweitung) is a roughly 45 km long and 10 km wide area of the Elbe Valley between the towns of Pirna and Meißen.
The Botanischer Garten der Technischen Universität Dresden (3.25 hectares), also known as the Botanischer Garten Dresden or Dresden Botanical Garden, is a botanical garden maintained by the Dresden University of Technology.
Dresden Castle or Royal Palace (German: Dresdner Residenzschloss or Dresdner Schloss) is one of the oldest buildings in Dresden, Germany.
Dresden Cathedral, or the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Dresden, previously the Catholic Church of the Royal Court of Saxony, called in German Katholische Hofkirche and since 1980 also known as Kathedrale Sanctissimae Trinitatis, is the Catholic Cathedral of Dresden.
Dresden City Museum (Stadtmuseum Dresden) is the central city museum for the German city of Dresden.
The Dresden Codex is the oldest surviving book from the Americas, dating to the thirteenth or fourteenth century.
The Dresden Elbe Valley is a cultural landscape and former World Heritage Site stretching along the Elbe river in Dresden, the state capital of Saxony, Germany.
The Dresden Frauenkirche (Dresdner Frauenkirche,, Church of Our Lady) is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.
The Dresden Funicular Railway (Standseilbahn Dresden) is a funicular in Dresden, Germany connecting the districts of Loschwitz, near the "Blue Wonder" bridge, and Weisser Hirsch.
Dresden Hauptbahnhof (“main station”, abbreviated Dresden Hbf) is the largest passenger station in the Saxon capital of Dresden.
The Dresden Heath (Dresdner Heide) is a large forest in the city of Dresden.
The Dresden Monarchs are an American football team from Dresden, Germany.
The Dresden Museum of Ethnology (Museum für Völkerkunde Dresden) contains an ethnographic collection with more than 90,000 artefacts from all parts of the earth.
The Dresdner Philharmonie (unofficial English translation: Dresden Philharmonic) is a German symphony orchestra based in Dresden.
The Dresden Porcelain Collection (Porzellansammlung) is part of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen (State Art Collections) of Dresden, Germany.
The Dresden S-Bahn is a network of S-Bahn-type commuter train services in Dresden and the surrounding area.
Dresden Titans is a professional basketball club based in Dresden, Germany.
The Dresden Transport Museum (German: Verkehrsmuseum Dresden) displays vehicles of all modes of transport, such as railway, shipping, road and air traffic, under one roof.
The Fernsehturm Dresden-Wachwitz is a TV tower in Dresden, Germany.
Dresden Zoo or Zoo Dresden, is a zoo situated in the city of Dresden, Germany.
Dresden-Neustadt station is the second largest railway station in the German city of Dresden after Dresden Hauptbahnhof and is also a stop for long-distance traafic.
Dresdner Bank AG was one of Germany's largest banking corporations and was based in Frankfurt.
The Dresdner Eislöwen are a professional ice hockey team based in Dresden, Saxony, Germany.
The Dresdner Kreuzchor is the boys' choir of the Kreuzkirche in Dresden.
Dresdner Neueste Nachrichten (DNN) is a regional newspaper that appears in the city of Dresden and its surroundings.
Dresdner SC is a German multisport club playing in Dresden, Saxony.
Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG (DVB) is the municipal transport company of the city of Dresden in Germany.
The Duchy of Saxony (Hartogdom Sassen, Herzogtum Sachsen) was originally the area settled by the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages, when they were subdued by Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 772 and incorporated into the Carolingian Empire (Francia) by 804.
Sportgemeinschaft Dynamo Dresden e.V., commonly known as SG Dynamo Dresden or Dynamo Dresden, is a German association football club, based in Dresden, Saxony.
Dziady (Forefathers' Eve) is a poetic drama by the Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Economic collapse is any of a broad range of bad economic conditions, ranging from a severe, prolonged depression with high bankruptcy rates and high unemployment (such as the Great Depression of the 1930s), to a breakdown in normal commerce caused by hyperinflation (such as in Weimar Germany in the 1920s), or even an economically caused sharp rise in the death rate and perhaps even a decline in population (such as in countries of the former USSR in the 1990s).
The bibliographical definition of an edition includes all copies of a book printed “from substantially the same setting of type,” including all minor typographical variants.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH (literally: Elbe aircraft works, commonly abbreviated as EFW) is a subsidiary of Airbus (45%) and ST Aerospace (55%) in Dresden.
The Elbe Sandstone Mountains, also called the Elbe sandstone highlands (Elbsandsteingebirge; Labské pískovce) is a mountain range straddling the border between the state of Saxony in southeastern Germany and the North Bohemian region of the Czech Republic, with about three-quarters of the area lying on the German side.
The Elbe Valley (Elbtal or Elbetal) is most often used as a term for that section of the river valley in which most of the quarters of Dresden are located.
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
EnergieVerbund Arena (formerly known as Freiberger Arena) is an arena in Dresden, Germany.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
An equestrian statue is a statue of a rider mounted on a horse, from the Latin "eques", meaning "knight", deriving from "equus", meaning "horse".
Emil Erich Kästner (23 February 1899 – 29 July 1974) was a German author, poet, screenwriter and satirist, known primarily for his humorous, socially astute poems and for children's books including Emil and the Detectives.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 May 1880 – 15 June 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art.
The history of the European Cup and Champions League spans over sixty years of competition, finding winners and runners-up from all parts of the continent.
European route E 40 is the longest European route, more than long, connecting Calais in France via Belgium, Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan, with Ridder in Kazakhstan near the border with Russia and China.
European route E 55 is a E-route.
The Fürstenzug (English: Procession of Princes) in Dresden, Germany, is a large mural of a mounted procession of the rulers of Saxony.
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung), abbreviated BMBF, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Festspielhaus Hellerau (English: Hellerau Festival House or Hellerau Theatre) is a theatre/studio building/classroom building located in Hellerau, the famous garden city district of Dresden, Germany.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Focus (stylized as FOCUS) is a German-language news magazine published by Hubert Burda Media.
A football team is a group of players selected to play together in the various team sports known as football.
Fortress Investment Group is an investment management firm based in New York City.
The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., "Fraunhofer Society for the Advancement of Applied Research") is a German research organization with 69institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science (as opposed to the Max Planck Society, which works primarily on basic science).
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Free dance is a 20th-century dance form that preceded modern dance.
The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP) is a liberal and classical liberal political party in Germany.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.
The Galerie Neue Meister (New Masters Gallery) in Dresden, Germany, displays around 300 paintings from the 19th century until today, including works from Otto Dix, Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gogh and Claude Monet.
The garden city movement is a method of urban planning in which self-contained communities are surrounded by "greenbelts", containing proportionate areas of residences, industry, and agriculture.
Görlitz (Upper Lusatian dialect: Gerlz, Gerltz, and Gerltsch, Zgorzelec, Zhorjelc, Zgórjelc, Zhořelec) is a town in the German federal state of Saxony.
The Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister (Old Masters Gallery) in Dresden, Germany, displays around 750 paintings from the 15th to the 18th centuries.
Georg Bartisch (1535–1607) was a German physician who was a native of Königsbrück, Saxonia.
George Grosz (born Georg Ehrenfried Groß; July 26, 1893 – July 6, 1959) was a German artist known especially for his caricatural drawings and paintings of Berlin life in the 1920s.
Gerhard Richter (born 9 February 1932) is a German visual artist.
The German Army (Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.
The German bombing of Rotterdam, also known as the Rotterdam Blitz, was the aerial bombardment of Rotterdam by the Luftwaffe on 14 May 1940, during the German invasion of the Netherlands in World War II.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The German Football League (GFL) is the elite league for American football in Germany and was formed in 1979.
The German Hygiene Museum (Deutsches Hygiene-Museum) is a medical museum in Dresden, Germany.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
The German revolutions of 1848–49 (Deutsche Revolution 1848/1849), the opening phase of which was also called the March Revolution (Märzrevolution), were initially part of the Revolutions of 1848 that broke out in many European countries.
The Excellence Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the German Research Foundation aims to promote cutting-edge research and to create outstanding conditions for young scholars at universities, to deepen cooperation between disciplines and institutions, to strengthen international cooperation of research, and to enhance the international appeal of excellent German universities.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) is a British pharmaceutical company headquartered in Brentford, London.
GlobalFoundries is an American semiconductor foundry headquartered in Santa Clara, California, United States.
Gorbitz is a district or Stadtteil in south-west Dresden, Germany.
Gottfried Semper (29 November 1803 – 15 May 1879) was a German architect, art critic, and professor of architecture, who designed and built the Semper Opera House in Dresden between 1838 and 1841.
Grand Est (Great East, Großer Osten — both in the Alsatian and the Lorraine Franconian dialect), previously Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (ACAL or less commonly, ALCA), is an administrative region in eastern France.
The Grünes Gewölbe (English: Green Vault) in Dresden is a unique historic museum that contains the largest collection of treasures in Europe.
In the United Kingdom the Great Officers of State are traditional ministers of The Crown who either inherit their positions or are appointed to exercise certain largely ceremonial functions or to operate as members of the government.
The Greater Poland uprising of 1848 or Poznań Uprising (powstanie wielkopolskie 1848 roku or powstanie poznańskie) was an unsuccessful military insurrection of Poles against Prussian forces, during the Spring of Nations period.
Gret Palucca, born Margarethe Paluka (8 January 1902 – 22 March 1993), was a German dancer and dance teacher, notable for her dance school, the Palucca School of Dance, founded in Dresden in 1925.
The Großer Garten (English: Great Garden) is a baroque style park in central Dresden.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The G8, reformatted as G7 from 2014 due to the suspension of Russia's participation, was an inter-governmental political forum from 1997 until 2014, with the participation of some major industrialized countries in the world, that viewed themselves as democracies.
The Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (1954–1988) (Группа советских войск в Германии, ГСВГ), also known as the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany (1945–1954) and the Western Group of Forces (1988–1994) were the troops of the Soviet Army in East Germany.
Gymnasium (German plural: Gymnasien), in the German education system, is the most advanced of the three types of German secondary schools, the others being Realschule and Hauptschule. Gymnasium strongly emphasizes academic learning, comparable to the British grammar school system or with prep schools in the United States.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
Heinrich Tessenow (7 April 1876 – 1 November 1950) was a German architect, professor, and urban planner active in the Weimar era.
Heinrich, count von Brühl (Henryk Brühl, 13 August 170028 October 1763), was a Polish-Saxon statesman at the court of Saxony and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and a member of the powerful German von Brühl family.
The Heinz-Steyer-Stadion is a Football and athletics stadium in Dresden, which is currently used by the Dresdner SC.
Hellerau is a northern quarter (Stadtteil) in the City of Dresden, Germany, slightly south of Dresden Airport.
The Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren) is the largest scientific organisation in Germany.
The Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) is a German research laboratory in Dresden and member of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres.
Helmut Schön (15 September 1915 in Dresden, Germany – 23 February 1996 in Wiesbaden, Germany) was a German football player and manager.
Henry III, called Henry the Illustrious (Heinrich der Erlauchte) (c. 1215 – 15 February 1288) from the House of Wettin was Margrave of Meissen and last Margrave of Lusatia (as Henry IV) from 1221 until his death; from 1242 also Landgrave of Thuringia.
Herbert Richard Wehner (11 July 1906 – 19 January 1990) was a German politician.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god.
High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.
Hildebrand Gurlitt (15 September 1895 – 9 November 1956) was a German art dealer, art historian and war profiteer, who traded in "degenerate art" during the Nazi era.
Historicism or also historism (Historismus) comprises artistic styles that draw their inspiration from recreating historic styles or imitating the work of historic artisans.
Historism is a philosophical and historiographical theory, founded in 19th-century Germany (as Historismus) and especially influential in 19th- and 20th-century Europe.
The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, regions, overarching stylistic trends, and dates.
The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from Gaul (France), which he had conquered.
The "Carl Maria von Weber" College of Music (Hochschule für Musik "Carl Maria von Weber" in German, and also/formerly known as Dresden Conservatory or Dresden Royal Conservatory) is a college of music in Dresden, Germany.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors and kings that once ruled territories in the present-day German states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia.
Human biology is an interdisciplinary area of study that examines humans through the influences and interplay of many diverse fields such as genetics, evolution, physiology, anatomy, epidemiology, anthropology, ecology, nutrition, population genetics and sociocultural influences.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
Infineon Technologies AG is a German semiconductor manufacturer founded on 1 April 1999, when the semiconductor operations of the parent company Siemens AG were spun off to form a separate legal entity.
The inner city or inner town is the central area of a major city or metropolis.
The Innere Neustadt (Inner New City) is a neighborhood in Dresden within the administrative district of Neustadt.
An institute of technology (also: university of technology, polytechnic university, technikon, and technical university) is a type of university which specializes in engineering, technology, applied science, and sometimes natural sciences.
An interior ministry (sometimes ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry typically responsible for policing, emergency management, national security, registration, supervision of local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Style is the name of a major architectural style that developed in the 1920s and 1930s and strongly related to Modernism and Modern architecture.
An investment company is a company whose main business is holding and managing securities for investment purposes.
Owing to labour migration in the 1960s and several waves of political refugees since the 1970s, Islam has become a visible religion in Germany.
Islamization (also spelled Islamisation, see spelling differences; أسلمة), Islamicization or Islamification is the process of a society's shift towards Islam, such as found in Sudan, Pakistan, Iran, Malaysia, or Algeria.
The January Uprising (Polish: powstanie styczniowe, Lithuanian: 1863 m. sukilimas, Belarusian: Паўстанне 1863-1864 гадоў, Польське повстання) was an insurrection instigated principally in the Russian Partition of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against its occupation by the Russian Empire.
Japanisches Palais (English: Japanese Palace) is a Baroque building in Dresden, Germany, on the Neustadt bank of the river Elbe.
Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (28 July 1812 – 19 March 1887) was a Polish writer, publisher, historian, journalist, scholar, painter and author who produced more than 200 novels and 150 novellas, short stories, and art reviews.
Jean-Joseph Vinache (1696 – 1 December 1754) was a French sculptor who served as court sculptor to Kurfürst Frederick Augustus I, Elector of Saxony, whose equestrian monument, the Goldener Reiter, the "gilded Horseman", is one of the most familiar sights of Dresden, Germany, though its sculptor is rarely noted.
Johan Christian Claussen Dahl (24 February 178814 October 1857), often known as or was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the "golden age" of Norwegian painting, and one of the greatest European artists of all time.
Juliusz Słowacki (23 August 1809 – 3 April 1849) was a Polish Romantic poet.
Kabarett (from French cabaret.
Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at:de:Karl_Reinisch; see its history for attribution. Karl Reinisch (21 August 1921 – 24 January 2007) was a German electrical engineer and professor for control engineering in Ilmenau.
Kazimierz Wyka (1910–1975) was a Polish literary historian, literary critic, and professor at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków following World War II.
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
The Kingdom of Saxony (Königreich Sachsen), lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany.
Klementyna Hoffmanowa (born Klementyna Tańska; 23 November 1798 – 21 September 1845) was a Polish popular literary writer, translator, editor, and one of Poland's first writers of children's literature.
Klotzsche is a borough (Ortsamtsbereich) of Dresden, Germany.
The Kościuszko Uprising was an uprising against Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Prussia led by Tadeusz Kościuszko in the Commonwealth of Poland and the Prussian partition in 1794.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
The Dresden Kreuzkirche (Church of the Holy Cross) is a Lutheran church in Dresden, Germany.
The Kreuzschule (English: School of the Cross) in Dresden (also known by its Latin name schola crucis) is the oldest surviving school in Dresden and one of the oldest in Germany.
The Kupferstich-Kabinett (English: Collection of Prints, Drawings and Photographs) is part of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen (State Art Collections) of Dresden, Germany.
Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (November 11, 1922April 11, 2007) was an American writer.
The Landtag of the Free State of Saxony, also referred to as the Saxon Landtag, the Parliament of Saxony or the Saxon Parliament, is the legislative body of the German State of Saxony.
Lazar Lazarevich Matveev (Russian: Ла́зарь Лазаре́вич Матве́ев; born 8 May 1927) is a former Soviet intelligence leader.
The Leibniz Association (German: Leibniz-Gemeinschaft or Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz) is a union of German non-university research institutes from various branches of study.
The Leibniz Institute for Polymer Research in Dresden (Leibniz-Institut für Polymerforschung.) – in short IPF Dresden – is a non-university research institute and a member of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community.
The Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research in Dresden (German: Leibniz-Institut für Festkörper- und Werkstoffforschung Dresden) – in short IFW Dresden – is a non-university research institute and a member of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
The Linear Pottery culture is a major archaeological horizon of the European Neolithic, flourishing 5500–4500 BC.
This page contains a list of cities and towns in Poland, preceded by a table of major Polish cities.
As defined by the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development, a Großstadt (large city) is a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.
Germany is divided into 401 administrative districts; these consist of 294 rural districts (German: Kreise and Landkreise), and 107 urban districts (German: Kreisfreie Städte or, in Baden-Württemberg only, Stadtkreise – cities that constitute districts in their own right).
The German football champions are the annual winners of the highest association football competition in Germany.
The contemporary legal systems of the world are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these.
Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century).
This article lists dukes, electors, and kings ruling over different territories named Saxony from the beginning of the Saxon Duchy in the 9th century to the end of the Saxon Kingdom in 1918.
Loschwitz is a borough (Ortsamtsbereich) of Dresden, Germany, incorporated in 1921.
Loschwitz Bridge is a cantilever truss bridge over the river Elbe in Dresden the capital of Saxony in Germany.
Lower Silesian Voivodeship, or Lower Silesia Province (''Polish'': województwo dolnośląskie), in southwestern Poland, is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is divided.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Lusatia (Lausitz, Łužica, Łužyca, Łużyce, Lužice) is a region in Central Europe.
The Margravate of Meissen (Markgrafschaft Meißen) was a medieval principality in the area of the modern German state of Saxony.
The Margraviate of Brandenburg (Markgrafschaft Brandenburg) was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1157 to 1806 that played a pivotal role in the history of Germany and Central Europe.
Mark Jarzombek (born 1954) is a United States-born architectural historian, author and critic.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
A Masonic lodge, often termed a private lodge or constituent lodge, is the basic organisational unit of Freemasonry.
The Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon (Royal Cabinet of Mathematical and Physical Instruments) in Dresden, Germany, is a museum of historic clocks and scientific instruments.
The Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex systems is one of the 80 institutes of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, located in Dresden, Germany.
The Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (MPI-CBG) is a biology research institute located in Dresden, Germany.
The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.; abbreviated MPG) is a formally independent non-governmental and non-profit association of German research institutes founded in 1911 as the Kaiser Wilhelm Society and renamed the Max Planck Society in 1948 in honor of its former president, theoretical physicist Max Planck.
The May Uprising took place in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony in 1849; it was one of the last of the series of events known as the Revolutions of 1848.
Medical equipment (also known as armamentarium) is designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of medical conditions.
Meissen (Meißen) is a district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer military capability required by the national defense policy.
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (Central German Broadcasting, MDR) is the public broadcaster for the federal states of Thuringia, Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Moritzburg Castle (Schloss Moritzburg) or Moritzburg Palace is a Baroque palace in Moritzburg, in the German state of Saxony, about northwest of the Saxon capital, Dresden.
A movie theater/theatre (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
The National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, NPD) is a far-right and ultranationalist political party in Germany.
A national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim to represent the identity, beliefs and principles of a particular national culture.
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Neumarkt in Dresden is a central and culturally significant section of the Dresden inner city.
The new federal states of Germany (die neuen Bundesländer) are the five re-established states in the former German Democratic Republic that acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany with its 10 states upon German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The New Synagogue is a synagogue in Dresden, Germany.
Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect whose company, Foster + Partners, maintains an international design practice famous for high-tech architecture.
The November Uprising (1830–31), also known as the Polish–Russian War 1830–31 or the Cadet Revolution, was an armed rebellion in the heartland of partitioned Poland against the Russian Empire.
Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
"Ode to Joy" (German), is an ode written in the summer of 1785 by German poet, playwright, and historian Friedrich Schiller and published the following year in Thalia.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.
The Opernhaus am Taschenberg (Opera house at the Taschenberg) was a theatre in Dresden, Saxony, Germany, built from 1664 to 1667 by Wolf Caspar von Klengel.
The Opernhaus am Zwinger (Opera house at the Zwinger) was a theatre in Dresden, Saxony, Germany, opened in 1719.
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery (both methods are used) that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.
The Ore Mountains or Ore Mountain Range (Erzgebirge; Krušné hory; both literally "ore mountains") in Central Europe have formed a natural border between Saxony and Bohemia for around 800 years, from the 12th to the 20th centuries.
Oskar Kokoschka (1 March 188622 February 1980) was an Austrian artist, poet and playwright best known for his intense expressionistic portraits and landscapes.
Ostrava (Ostrawa, Ostrau or Mährisch Ostrau) is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic and is the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region.
Ostsiedlung (literally east settling), in English called the German eastward expansion, was the medieval eastward migration and settlement of Germanic-speaking peoples from the Holy Roman Empire, especially its southern and western portions, into less-populated regions of Central Europe, parts of west Eastern Europe, and the Baltics.
Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix (2 December 1891 – 25 July 1969) was a German painter and printmaker, noted for his ruthless and harshly realistic depictions of Weimar society and the brutality of war.
The Palucca School of Dance (Palucca Hochschule für Tanz) is a dance school in Dresden, Germany founded in 1925 by Gret Palucca, the German dancer and dance teacher.
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.
Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamisation of the West (Occident) (Patriotische Europäer gegen die Islamisierung des Abendlandes), abbreviated PEGIDA or Pegida, is a German nationalist, anti-Islam, right-wing political movement.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
Pillnitz is a quarter in the east of Dresden, Germany.
Pillnitz Castle (German: Schloss Pillnitz) is a restored Baroque palace at the eastern end of the city of Dresden in the German state of Saxony.
The Pirate Party Germany (Piratenpartei Deutschland), commonly known as Pirates (German: Piraten), is a political party in Germany founded in September 2006 at c-base.
Plattenbau (plural: Plattenbauten, Platte: panel/ slab; Bau: building/ construction) is a building constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
Polski Słownik Biograficzny (PSB; Polish Biographical Dictionary) is a Polish-language biographical dictionary, comprising an alphabetically arranged compilation of authoritative biographies of some 25,000 notable Poles and of foreigners who have been active in Poland – famous as well as less well known persons, from Popiel, Piast Kołodziej and Mieszko I, at the dawn of Polish history, to persons who died in the year 2000.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture, particularly in the international style advocated by Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The President of the Russian Federation (Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii) is the elected head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as holder of the highest office in Russia and commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces.
The prince-electors (or simply electors) of the Holy Roman Empire (Kurfürst, pl. Kurfürsten, Kurfiřt, Princeps Elector) were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The ProA is the second-tier level league of professional club basketball in Germany.
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.
A public space is a place that is generally open and accessible to people.
Radebeul is a town (große Kreisstadt) in the Elbe valley in the district of Meißen in Saxony, Germany, a suburb of Dresden.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Regional rail, also known as local trains and stopping trains, are passenger rail services that operate between towns and cities.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
A research institute or research center is an establishment founded for doing research.
Reserved track, in tram transport terminology, is track on ground exclusively for trams.
A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is a storage space for fluids.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.
The Diocese of Dresden-Meissen (Dioecesis Dresdensis-Misnensis; Bistum Dresden-Meißen) is a Diocese of Catholic Church in Germany with its seat in Dresden.
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
A royal household or imperial household in ancient and medieval monarchies, and papal household for popes, formed the basis for the general government of the country as well as providing for the needs of the sovereign and his relations.
The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
The Russian Partition (sometimes called Russian Poland) constituted the former territories of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that were invaded by the Russian Empire in the course of late-18th-century Partitions of Poland.
The Sachsenliga, formerly referred to as Landesliga Sachsen, is the sixth tier of the German football league system and the highest league in the German state of Saxony (German: Sachsen).
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
Rudolph Karl Alexander Schneider, commonly known as Sascha Schneider (21 September 1870 – 18 August 1927), was a German painter and sculptor.
The Saxon State and University Library Dresden (full name in Sächsische Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden), abbreviated SLUB Dresden, is located in Dresden, Germany.
Saxon Switzerland (Sächsische Schweiz) is a hilly climbing area and national park around the Elbe valley south-east of Dresden in Saxony, Germany.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Saxon Switzerland-East Ore Mountains (German: Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge; Saské Švýcarsko a východní Krušné hory; Wokrjes Sakska Šwica-Wuchodne Rudne hory) is a district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Sächsische Staatskanzlei (Saxon State Chancellery or Saxon State Chamber) is the office of the Minister-President of Saxony.
Sächsische Zeitung ("Saxon Newspaper") is a regional German daily newspaper.
SC Borea Dresden are a German association football club from the city of Dresden, Saxony.
The Semperoper is the opera house of the Sächsische Staatsoper Dresden (Saxon State Opera) and the concert hall of the Staatskapelle Dresden (Saxon State Orchestra).
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
Siarhei Mikhalok (born January 19, 1972 in Сяргей Міхалок, Серге́й Михалок, Sergey Mikhalok) is a Belarusian rock musician and actor.
The Siege of Dresden took place in July 1760 during the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War) when a Prussian force led by Frederick the Great unsuccessfully besieged the city of Dresden in Saxony.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Silicon Saxony is a registered industry association of nearly 300 companies in the microelectronics and related sectors in Saxony, Germany, with around 40,000 employees.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 1st Baronet, (13 April 1892 – 5 April 1984), commonly known as "Bomber" Harris by the press and often within the RAF as "Butcher" Harris, was Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-in-C) RAF Bomber Command during the height of the Anglo-American strategic bombing campaign against Nazi Germany in the Second World War.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Skopje (Скопје) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia.
Slaughterhouse-Five, or The Children's Crusade: A Duty-Dance with Death (1969) is a science fiction-infused anti-war novel by Kurt Vonnegut about the World War II experiences and journeys through time of Billy Pilgrim, from his time as an American soldier and chaplain's assistant, to postwar and early years.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
The Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany.
The social market economy (SOME; soziale Marktwirtschaft), also called Rhine capitalism, is a socioeconomic model combining a free market capitalist economic system alongside social policies which establish both fair competition within the market and a welfare state.
In the United States education system, social studies is the integrated study of multiple fields of social science and the humanities, including history, geography, and political science.
Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being.
A soldier is one who fights as part of an army.
The Sophienkirche (Saint Sophia's Church) was a church in Dresden.
The Sorbian languages (Serbska rěč, Serbska rěc) are two closely related, but only partially mutually intelligible, West Slavic languages spoken by the Sorbs, a West Slavic minority in the Lusatia region of eastern Germany.
South Holland (Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands with a population of just over 3.6 million as of 2015 and a population density of about, making it the country's most populous province and one of the world's most densely populated areas.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden State Art Collections) is a cultural institution in Dresden, Germany, owned by the State of Saxony.
The Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden (known colloquially as the Staatskapelle Dresden) is a German orchestra based in Dresden.
The Staatsschauspiel Dresden (State Playhouse Dresden) is a theatre in Dresden.
DDV-Stadion is a football stadium in Dresden, Saxony.
Stalinist architecture, also referred to as Stalinist Empire style or Socialist Classicism, is a term given to architecture of the Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, between 1933, when Boris Iofan's draft for Palace of the Soviets was officially approved, and 1955, when Nikita Khrushchev condemned "excesses" of the past decades and disbanded the Soviet Academy of Architecture.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
Stefan Florian Garczyński (13 October 1805 or 1806 – 20 September 1833) was a Polish patriot and Romantic poet, a passionate Messianist.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
The Striezelmarkt in Dresden is one of Germany's oldest documented Christmas markets.
Subsidized housing is government sponsored economic assistance program aimed towards alleviating housing costs and expenses for impoverished people with low to moderate incomes.
Taschenbergpalais is a grand hotel in Dresden, Germany.
A team is a group of individuals working together to achieve a goal.
The Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk (THW, Federal Agency for Technical Relief) is a civil protection organisation controlled by the German federal government.
Teofil Aleksander Lenartowicz (27 February 1822 in Warsaw – 3 February 1893 in Florence) University of Gdańsk was a Polish ethnographer, sculptor, poet and Romantic conspirator.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Left (Die Linke), also commonly referred to as the Left Party (die Linkspartei), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany.
The Linde Group, registered as Linde AG, is a German multinational chemical company founded in 1879.
Theodoric I (11 March 1162 – 18 January 1221), called the Oppressed, was the Margrave of Meissen from 1198 until his death.
The Transparent Factory is an exhibition space in Dresden, Germany owned by German carmaker Volkswagen and designed by architect Gunter Henn.
The TU Dresden (abbreviated as TUD and often mistakenly translated from German as Dresden University of Technology) is a public research university, the largest institute of higher education in the city of Dresden, the largest university in Saxony and one of the 10 largest universities in Germany with 37,134 students.
Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
Turks in Germany, also referred to as German Turks and Turkish Germans, (Türken in Deutschland or Deutsch-Türken; Almanya'da yaşayan Türkler or Almanya Türkleri) refers to ethnic Turkish people living in Germany.
Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).
Sociologists have identified a number of different types of rural communities, which have arisen as a result of changing economic trends within rural regions of industrial nations.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
Vergangenheitsbewältigung ("struggle to overcome the past" or “working through the past”) is a German term describing processes that since the late 20th century have become key in the study of post-1945 German literature, society, and culture.
Victor Klemperer (9 October 188111 February 1960) was a Romance languages scholar who also became known as a diarist.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (a; born 7 October 1952) is a Russian statesman and former intelligence officer serving as President of Russia since 2012, previously holding the position from 2000 until 2008.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.
Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front under Adolf Hitler and headquartered in Wolfsburg.
The Wackerbarth Palace, also known as the Dresdener Ritterakademie (German for "Knight's Academy of Dresden"), was a palace in Dresden, Germany, built between 1723 and 1729, under the supervision of architect Johann Christoph Knöffel (1686-1752).
Waldemar the Great (Waldemar der Große; – 14 August 1319), a member of the House of Ascania, was Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal from 1308 until his death.
The Waldschlösschen Bridge (Waldschlößchenbrücke or Waldschlösschenbrücke) is a road bridge across the Elbe river in Dresden.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
The Royal Archcathedral Basilica of Saints Stanislaus and Wenceslaus on the Wawel Hill (królewska bazylika archikatedralna śś.), also known as the Wawel Cathedral (katedra wawelska), is a Roman Catholic church located on Wawel Hill in Kraków, Poland.
Wawrzyniec Benzelstjerna Engeström (1829–1910) was a Polish activist and poet.
A weather station is a facility, either on land or sea, with instruments and equipment for measuring atmospheric conditions to provide information for weather forecasts and to study the weather and climate.
The Weißeritz is a river in Saxony.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The West Midlands is a metropolitan county and city region in western-central England with a 2014 estimated population of 2,808,356, making it the second most populous county in England.
White nationalism is a type of nationalism or pan-nationalism which holds the belief that white people are a raceHeidi Beirich and Kevin Hicks.
The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Yenidze is a former cigarette factory building in Dresden, Saxony, Germany built between 1907 and 1909.
Zentrum Mikroelektronik Dresden AG (ZMD AG) is a fabless (since March 2007) semiconductor manufacturer based in Dresden.
The Zwinger (Dresdner Zwinger) is a palace in the German city of Dresden, built in Baroque style and designed by court architect Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann.
The 1st Guards Tank Army is a tank army of the Russian Ground Forces.
In August 2002 a flood caused by over a week of continuous heavy rains ravaged Europe, killing dozens, dispossessing thousands, and causing damage of billions of euros in Russia, the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania and Croatia.
Extreme flooding in Central Europe began after several days of heavy rain in late May and early June 2013.
The 2nd Eishockey-Bundesliga was the second tier of Ice hockey in Germany until 2012/13 and has since been replaced by DEL2.
The 8th millennium BC spanned the years 8000 through 7001 BC.