142 relations: ABC News (Australia), Adult Use of Marijuana Act, Alcohol, Amphetamine, Arguments for and against drug prohibition, BBC, Business Insider, Cabinet of Germany, California Proposition 215 (1996), Canada, Cannabis (drug), Cannabis political parties, Cannabis Social Club, Cato Institute, Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms, Coca, Cocaine, Coffeeshop (Netherlands), Cognitive liberty, Colombia, Consequentialism, Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic, Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, Controlled substance, Convention on Psychotropic Substances, Costa Rica, Crime, Darknet market, Department of Justice (Canada), Dissociative, Drug checking, Drug harmfulness, Drug policy reform, Drug prohibition law, El Comercio (Ecuador), El Nuevo Herald, El Salvador, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, European Union, Externality, Far-left politics, Federal Constitutional Court, Fine (penalty), First Opium War, Fulla Nayak, Gare du Nord, Gateway drug theory, Glenn Greenwald, Global Commission on Drug Policy, Gonzales v. Raich, ..., Government of the Czech Republic, Guatemala, Harm reduction, Harvard University, Hashish, Healthism, Hermann Gröhe, Heroin, Heroin-assisted treatment, HIV, Honduras, Individual and group rights, Jeffrey Miron, Jonas Gahr Støre, José Mujica, Juan Manuel Santos, Knut Storberget, Latin America, Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy, Law Enforcement Action Partnership, Legality of cannabis, Liberal democracy, Liberal Democrats (UK), Liberalism, Liberec, Libertarianism, Liberty, Lysergic acid diethylamide, Manuel Zelaya, Marijuana Policy Project, Marisol Touraine, MDMA, Medical cannabis, Methamphetamine, Mexican Drug War, Mexico, Milton Friedman, Minister of Justice and Public Security, Minority group, Misdemeanor, National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, Netherlands, Opiate, Otto Pérez Molina, Per unit tax, Peyote, Pharmacotherapy, Philippine Drug War, Political party, Portugal, Prescription drug, Presidency of Richard Nixon, President of the United States, Prison, Prohibition, Prohibition of drugs, Psilocybin mushroom, Psychedelic drug, Psychoactive drug, Public health, Pure Food and Drug Act, Racism, Recreational drug use, Religious intolerance, Religious law, Responsible drug use, Richard Nixon, Right-wing politics, Roberto Saviano, Second Opium War, Seed, Sin tax, Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, Stephen Harper, Steven Levitt, Stimulant, Supervised injection site, Supreme Court of Argentina, The Globe and Mail, The War We Never Fought, Think tank, Time (magazine), Tobacco, Transform Drug Policy Foundation, Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, University of Maryland, College Park, Uruguay, War on drugs, Washington Office on Latin America, World Federation Against Drugs, 2008 Constitution of Ecuador. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
ABC News is a national news service in Australia produced by the News and Current Affairs division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
The Adult Use of Marijuana Act (AUMA) (Proposition 64) was a 2016 voter initiative to legalize cannabis in California.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
Amphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity.
Arguments about the prohibition of drugs, and over drug policy reform, are subjects of considerable controversy.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
The Cabinet of Germany (Bundeskabinett or Bundesregierung) is the chief executive body of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Proposition 215, or the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, is a California law allowing the use of medical cannabis despite marijuana's lack of the normal Food and Drug Administration testing for safety and efficacy.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.
Cannabis political parties are generally single-issue parties that exist to oppose the laws against cannabis.
A Cannabis Social Club, sometimes called a Teapad, is a model of legal regulation of the cannabis market organised as non-profit organizations in which cannabis is cultivated and enjoyed collectively, usually for the purpose of relaxing or for social communion.
The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.
The Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms (Listina základních práv a svobod, Listina základných práv a slobôd) is a document enacted in 1991 by the Czechoslovak Federative Republic, and continued as part of the constitutional systems of both the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
Coca is any of the four cultivated plants in the family Erythroxylaceae, native to western South America.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
In the Netherlands, coffeeshops are establishments where the sale of cannabis for personal consumption by the public is tolerated by the local authorities.
Cognitive liberty, or the "right to mental self-determination", is the freedom of an individual to control his or her own mental processes, cognition, and consciousness.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Consequentialism is the class of normative ethical theories holding that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct.
The Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic (Ústavní soud České republiky) is a specialized type of court which primarily works to protect the people in the Czech Republic against violations of the Constitution by either the legislature, government or by any other subject that violates people's constitutional rights and freedoms.
The Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Loi réglementant certaines drogues et autres substances) (the Act) is Canada's federal drug control statute.
A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated a Controlled Drug in the United Kingdom.
The Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 is a United Nations treaty designed to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamine-type stimulants, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and psychedelics signed in Vienna, Austria on 21 February 1971.
Costa Rica ("Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
A darknet market or cryptomarket is a commercial website on the web that operates via darknets such as Tor or I2P.
The Department of Justice (Ministère de la Justice) is the department of the Government of Canada that represents the Canadian government in legal matters.
Dissociatives are a class of hallucinogen, which distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment – dissociation – from the environment and self.
Drug checking or pill testing is a way to reduce the harm from drug consumption by allowing users to find out the content and purity of substances that they intend to consume.
Drug harmfulness is the degree to which a psychoactive drug is harmful to a user and is measured in various ways, such as by addictiveness and the potential for physical harm.
Drug policy reform, also known as drug law reform, is any proposed changes to the way governments respond to the socio-cultural influence on perception of psychoactive substance use.
Drug prohibition law is prohibition-based law by which governments prohibit, except under licence, the production, supply, and possession of many, but not all, substances which are recognized as drugs, and which corresponds to international treaty commitments in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances 1971, and the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances 1988.
El Comercio is a daily Ecuadorian newspaper in Quito.
El Nuevo Herald is a newspaper published daily in Spanish in Southeast Florida, United States.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is an agency of the European Union located in Lisbon, Portugal.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
In economics, an externality is the cost or benefit that affects a party who did not choose to incur that cost or benefit.
Far-left politics are political views located further on the left of the left-right spectrum than the standard political left.
The Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht; abbreviated: BVerfG) is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law of Germany.
A fine or mulct is money that a court of law or other authority decides has to be paid as punishment for a crime or other offence.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
Fulla Nayak (died 18 November 2006) was an Indian woman who was claimed to have died aged 150, which would make her the oldest woman ever.
The Gare du Nord (North Station), officially Paris-Nord, is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCF mainline network for Paris, France.
Gateway drug theory (alternatively, stepping-stone theory, escalation hypothesis, or progression hypothesis) is a comprehensive catchphrase for the medical theory that the use of a psychoactive drug can be coupled to an increased probability of the use of further drugs.
Glenn Edward Greenwald (born March 6, 1967) is an American lawyer, journalist, and author, best known for his role in a series of reports published by The Guardian newspaper beginning in June 2013, detailing the United States and British global surveillance programs, and based on classified documents disclosed by Edward Snowden.
The Global Commission on Drug Policy (GCDP) is a panel of world leaders and intellectuals, with a Secretariat based in Geneva, Switzerland.
Gonzales v. Raich (previously Ashcroft v. Raich), 545 U.S. 1 (2005), was a decision by the United States Supreme Court ruling that under the Commerce Clause of the US Constitution, Congress may criminalize the production and use of homegrown cannabis even if state law allows its use for medicinal purposes.
The Government of the Czech Republic (Vláda České republiky) exercises executive power in the Czech Republic.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.
Harm reduction, or harm minimization, is a range of public health policies designed to lessen the negative social and/or physical consequences associated with various human behaviors, both legal and illegal.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hashish, or hash, is a drug made from cannabis.
Healthism, sometimes called public-healthism, is a neologism to describe a variety of ideological constructs concerning health and medicine.
Hermann Gröhe (born 25 February 1961) is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) who served as Minister of Health in the third cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel from 2013 until 2018.
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
Heroin-assisted treatment, or diamorphine assisted treatment, refers to the prescribing of synthetic, injectable heroin to opiate addicts who do not benefit from or cannot tolerate treatment with one of the established drugs used in opiate replacement therapy like methadone or buprenorphine (brand name Suboxone).
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras (República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America.
Group rights, also known as collective rights, are rights held by a group qua group rather than by its members severally; in contrast, individual rights are rights held by individual people; even if they are group-differentiated, which most rights are, they remain individual rights if the right-holders are the individuals themselves.
Jeffrey Alan "Jeff" Miron (born 1957) is an American economist.
Jonas Gahr Støre (born 25 August 1960) is a Norwegian politician and the leader of the Labour Party and the Leader of the Opposition.
José Alberto "Pepe" Mujica Cordano (born 20 May 1935) is a Uruguayan politician who served as the 40th President of Uruguay from 2010 to 2015.
Juan Manuel Santos Calderón (born 10 August 1951) is a Colombian politician and the President of Colombia, in office since 2010.
Knut Storberget (born 6 October 1964) is a Norwegian lawyer and politician for the Norwegian Labour Party.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
The Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy was a panel of Latin American leaders and intellectuals, co-chaired by former presidents Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Brazil), César Gaviria (Colombia) and Ernesto Zedillo (Mexico).
The Law Enforcement Action Partnership (LEAP), formerly Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) nonprofit group of current and former police, judges, prosecutors, and other criminal justice professionals who use their expertise to advance drug policy and criminal justice solutions that enhance public safety.
The legality of cannabis for general or recreational use varies from country to country.
Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.
The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Liberec (Reichenberg) is a city in the Czech Republic.
Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.
Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), also known as acid, is a psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects, which may include altered awareness of one's surroundings, perceptions, and feelings as well as sensations and images that seem real though they are not.
José Manuel Zelaya Rosales (born 20 September 1952)Encyclopædia Britannica, is a Honduran politician who was President of Honduras from 27 January 2006 until 28 June 2009.
The Marijuana Policy Project (MPP) is the largest organization working solely on marijuana policy reform in the United States in terms of its budget, number of members, and staff.
Marisol Touraine (born 7 March 1959) is a French politician.
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known as ecstasy (E), is a psychoactive drug used primarily as a recreational drug.
Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, is cannabis and cannabinoids that are recommended by doctors for their patients.
Methamphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.
The Mexican Drug War (also known as the Mexican War on Drugs) is an ongoing, low-intensity asymmetric war between the Mexican Government and various drug trafficking syndicates.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy.
In Norway, the Minister of Justice and Public Security is the head of the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police and a member of Government of Norway.
A minority group refers to a category of people differentiated from the social majority, those who hold on to major positions of social power in a society.
A misdemeanor (American English, spelled misdemeanour in British English) is any "lesser" criminal act in some common law legal systems.
The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) is an American non-profit organization based in Washington, DC whose aim is to move public opinion sufficiently to achieve the legalization of non-medical marijuana in the United States so that the responsible use of cannabis by adults is no longer subject to penalty.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Opiate is a term classically used in pharmacology to mean a drug derived from opium.
Otto Fernando Pérez Molina (born 1 December 1950) is a Guatemalan politician and retired military officer, who was President of Guatemala from 2012 to 2015.
A per unit tax, or specific tax, is a tax that is defined as a fixed amount for each unit of a good or service sold, such as cents per kilogram.
Lophophora williamsii or peyote is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline.
Pharmacotherapy is therapy using pharmaceutical drugs, as distinguished from therapy using surgery (surgical therapy), radiation (radiation therapy), movement (physical therapy), or other modes.
The "Philippine Drug War" refers to the drug policy of the Philippine government under President Rodrigo Duterte.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.
The presidency of Richard Nixon began at noon EST on January 20, 1969, when Richard Nixon was inaugurated as 37th President of the United States, and ended on August 9, 1974, when he resigned in the face of almost certain impeachment and removal from office, the first U.S. president ever to do so.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
Prohibition is the illegality of the manufacturing, storage in barrels or bottles, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages, or a period of time during which such illegality was enforced.
The prohibition of drugs through sumptuary legislation or religious law is a common means of attempting to prevent the recreational use of certain harmful drugs and other intoxicating substances.
A psilocybin mushroom is one of a polyphyletic group of fungi that contain any of various psychedelic compounds, including psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin.
Psychedelics are a class of drug whose primary action is to trigger psychedelic experiences via serotonin receptor agonism, causing thought and visual/auditory changes, and altered state of consciousness.
A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior.
Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".
The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was the first of a series of significant consumer protection laws which was enacted by Congress in the 20th century and led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Recreational drug use is the use of a psychoactive drug to induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure, by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.
Religious intolerance is intolerance against another's religious beliefs or practices or lack thereof.
Religious law refers to ethical and moral codes taught by religious traditions.
Responsible drug use maximizes the benefits and reduces the risk of negative impact on the lives of both the user and others.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.
Roberto Saviano (Naples, September 22, 1979) is an Italian journalist, writer and essayist.
The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
A sin tax is an excise tax specifically levied on certain goods deemed harmful to society, for example alcohol and tobacco, candies, drugs, soft drinks, fast foods, coffee, sugar, gambling and pornography.
The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 is an international treaty to prohibit production and supply of specific (nominally narcotic) drugs and of drugs with similar effects except under licence for specific purposes, such as medical treatment and research.
Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is a Canadian economist, entrepreneur, and retired politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Canada, from February 6, 2006, to November 4, 2015.
Steven David "Steve" Levitt (born May 29, 1967) is an American economist known for his work in the field of crime, in particular on the link between legalized abortion and crime rates.
Stimulants (also often referred to as psychostimulants or colloquially as uppers) is an overarching term that covers many drugs including those that increase activity of the central nervous system and the body, drugs that are pleasurable and invigorating, or drugs that have sympathomimetic effects.
Supervised injection sites (SIS) (also known as supervised injection facilities, safe injection sites fix rooms,https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2013/12/16/246606797/denmarks-fix-rooms-give-drug-users-a-safe-haven safer injection facilities (SIF), drug consumption facilities (DCF) or medically supervised injection centers (MSIC)) are legally sanctioned, medically supervised facilities designed to reduce nuisance from public drug use and provide a hygienic and stress-free environment in which individuals are able to consume illicit recreational drugs intravenously.
The Nation's Supreme Court of Justice (in Spanish, Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación) is the highest court of law of the Argentine Republic.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The War We Never Fought: The British Establishment's Surrender to Drugs is the sixth book by the British author and Mail on Sunday columnist Peter Hitchens, first published in 2012.
A think tank, think factory or policy institute is a research institute/center and organisation that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
The Transform Drug Policy Foundation (Transform) is a registered non-profit charity based in the United Kingdom working in the field of drug policy and law reform.
The Twenty-first Amendment (Amendment XXI) to the United States Constitution repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol on January 16, 1919.
The United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 is one of three major drug control treaties currently in force.
The University of Maryland, College Park (commonly referred to as the University of Maryland, UMD, or simply Maryland) is a public research university located in the city of College Park in Prince George's County, Maryland, approximately from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1856, the university is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
War on Drugs is an American term usually applied to the U.S. federal government's campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade.
The Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) is an American non-governmental organization (NGO) whose stated goal is to promote human rights, democracy and social and economic justice in Latin America and the Caribbean.
World Federation Against Drugs (WFAD) is a group of individuals and non-governmental organizations from different parts of the world (139 organizations in 47 countries in July 2015).
The Constitution of Ecuador is the supreme law of Ecuador.
Decriminalisation of illegal drugs, Decriminalization of drugs, Decriminalization of illegal drugs, Drug decriminalisation, Drug decriminalization, Drug legalisation, Drug legalization, Drug liberalisation, Drug policy of the Czech Republic, Drug relegalisation, Drug relegalization, Legalisation of drugs, Legalization of drugs.