41 relations: Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, Alcoholism, Antidepressant, Asthma, Barbiturate, Benzodiazepine, Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, Cardiovascular disease, Chronic pain, Cold turkey, Comedown (drugs), Delirium tremens, Diabetes mellitus, Dose–response relationship, Drug detoxification, Drug injection, Drug tolerance, Effects of cannabis, Epilepsy, Glucocorticoid, Hangover, Heroin, Hypertension, ICD-10, Intramuscular injection, Malnutrition, Medication, Neonatal withdrawal, Nicotine, Nicotine withdrawal, Opioid, Physical dependence, Psychological dependence, Psychosis, Recreational drug use, Route of administration, Schizophrenia, Sleep deprivation, Substance dependence, Symptom, Withdrawal syndrome.
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a set of symptoms that can occur following a reduction in alcohol use after a period of excessive use.
Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
Antidepressants are drugs used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and other conditions, including dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive–compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and, in some cases, dysmenorrhoea, snoring, migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, dependence, and sleep disorders.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
A barbiturate is a drug that acts as a central nervous system depressant, and can therefore produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to death.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome—often abbreviated to benzo withdrawal—is the cluster of symptoms that emerge when a person who has taken benzodiazepines, either medically or recreationally, and has developed a physical dependence undergoes dosage reduction or discontinuation.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Chronic pain is pain that lasts a long time.
"Cold turkey" refers to the abrupt cessation of a substance dependence and the resulting unpleasant experience, as opposed to gradually easing the process through reduction over time or by using replacement medication.
Comedown or crashing is the deterioration in mood that happens as a psychoactive drug, typically a stimulant, is either decreasing or is cleared from the blood and thus the cerebral circulation.
Delirium tremens (DTs) is a rapid onset of confusion usually caused by withdrawal from alcohol.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
The dose–response relationship, or exposure–response relationship, describes the change in effect on an organism caused by differing levels of exposure (or doses) to a stressor (usually a chemical) after a certain exposure time, or to a food.
Drug detoxification (informally, detox) is variously the intervention in a case of physical dependence to a drug; the process and experience of a withdrawal syndrome; and any of various treatments for acute drug overdose.
Drug injection is a method of introducing a drug into the bloodstream via a hollow hypodermic needle and a syringe, which is pierced through the skin into the body (usually intravenous, but also intramuscular or subcutaneous).
Drug tolerance is a pharmacological concept describing subjects' reduced reaction to a drug following its repeated use.
The effects of cannabis are caused by the chemical compounds in the plant, including cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is only one of more than 100 different cannabinoids present in the plant.
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
A hangover is the experience of various unpleasant physiological and psychological effects following the consumption of alcohol, such as wine, beer and distilled spirits.
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
ICD-10 is the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Intramuscular (also IM or im) injection is the injection of a substance directly into muscle.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Neonatal withdrawal or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a withdrawal syndrome of infants after birth caused by in utero exposure to drugs of dependence.
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.
Nicotine withdrawal is a group of symptoms that occur in the first few weeks upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of nicotine.
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.
Physical dependence is a physical condition caused by chronic use of a tolerance forming drug, in which abrupt or gradual drug withdrawal causes unpleasant physical symptoms.
Psychological dependence is a form of dependence that involves emotional–motivational withdrawal symptoms (e.g., a state of unease or dissatisfaction, a reduced capacity to experience pleasure, or anxiety) upon cessation of drug use or exposure to a stimulus.
Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that results in difficulties telling what is real and what is not.
Recreational drug use is the use of a psychoactive drug to induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure, by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.
A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Sleep deprivation is the condition of not having enough sleep; it can be either chronic or acute.
Substance dependence also known as drug dependence is an adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration, and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug use.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
A withdrawal syndrome (also called a discontinuation syndrome) is a set of symptoms occurring in discontinuation or dosage reduction of some types of medications and recreational drugs.
Abstinence syndrome, Neonatal withdrawal effects, Neonatal withdrawal reactions, Pink Cloud, Pseudoabstinence, Substance withdrawal, Substance withdrawal syndrome, Withdrawal symptom, Withdrawal symptoms, Withdrawal symptoms from therapeutic use of drugs in newborn, Withdrawal syndromes.