158 relations: Allusion, An Lushan Rebellion, Annotation, Arthur Cooper (translator), Ashikaga shogunate, Asthma, Autumn Day in Kui Prefecture, Bai Juyi, Baidicheng, Buddhism, Bunka Shūreishū, Burton Watson, Cambridge University Press, Chameleon, Chang'an, Changsha, Charles Baudelaire, Chōnin, Chūgan Engetsu, Chengdu, China, Chinese classics, Chinese culture, Chinese name, Chinese poetry, Chinese Text Project, Chongqing, Civil service, Classical Chinese poetry, Colloquialism, Columbia University Press, Confucianism, Confucius, Conscription, Conservatism, Culture of Japan, David Hawkes (sinologist), De l'un au multiple: Traductions du chinois vers les langues européennes, Diabetes mellitus, Drama, Du (surname), Du Fu Thatched Cottage, Du Shenyan, Edo period, Emperor of China, Emperor Suzong of Tang, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., England, ..., Enjambment, Epic poetry, Epithet, Facing the Moon, Fang Guan, Gansu, Gidō Shūshin, Gongyi, Haiku, Han Gan, Han Yu, Harvard Gazette, Harvard University Press, Hayashi Gahō, Hebei, Henan, Horace, Hunan, Imperial examination, Iwanami Shoten, Japanese language, Japanese literature, Jiangsu, John Milton, Kan'ei, Kanshi (poetry), Keith Holyoak, Kenneth Rexroth, Kodansha, Kokan Shiren, Kuizhou, Li Bai, List of Chinese-language poets, Literary criticism, Literature of the Five Mountains, Lu You, Luoyang, Matsuo Bashō, Mei Yaochen, Mencius, Military tactics, Ming dynasty, Muromachi period, Neo-Confucianism, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nijō Yoshimoto, Noh, Oku no Hosomichi, One Hundred Poems from the Chinese, Osaka, Ovid, Pardon, Paris, Pei Di, Philosophy, Pierre-Jean de Béranger, Poet, Prime minister, Prose, Quan Tangshi, Radicalism (historical), Random House, Register (sociolinguistics), Renga, Rinzai school, Robert Burns, Routledge, Sesshō and Kampaku, Shandong, Sichuan, Simians (Chinese poetry), Solipsism, Song dynasty, Stephen Owen (sinologist), Su Shi, Taiheiki, Tan Prefecture (Hunan), Tang dynasty, Tang dynasty art, Tang poetry, Taoism, The Selected Poems of Du Fu, Three Chinese Poets, Three Gorges, Three perfections, Tianshui, Tuberculosis, University of Hawaii Press, Victor Hugo, Vikram Seth, Virgil, Wade–Giles, Wang Wei (Tang dynasty), Wei Zhuang, Western culture, William Hung (sinologist), William Shakespeare, William Wordsworth, Witter Bynner, Word play, Written vernacular Chinese, Wu Zetian, Yale University Press, Yangtze, Yuan dynasty, Yuan Zhen, Zen, Zhejiang. Expand index (108 more) » « Shrink index
Allusion is a figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance from an external context.
The An Lushan Rebellion was a devastating rebellion against the Tang dynasty of China.
An annotation is a metadatum (e.g. a post, explanation, markup) attached to location or other data.
Arthur Cooper (1916-1988) was a British diplomat, who became a translator of Chinese literature after retirement.
The, also known as the,Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
"Autumn Day in Kui Prefecture" is a poem by 8th-century Chinese poet Du Fu (712–770).
Bai Juyi (also Bo Juyi or Po Chü-i;; 772–846) was a renowned Chinese poet and Tang dynasty government official.
Baidicheng or Baidi City is an ancient temple complex on a hill on the northern shore of the Yangtze River in China, 8 km east of the present day Fengjie County seat in Chongqing municipality.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
is the second imperially commissioned Japanese kanshi collection.
Burton Dewitt Watson (June 13, 1925April 1, 2017) was an American scholar best known for his numerous translations of Chinese and Japanese literature into English.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Chameleons or chamaeleons (family Chamaeleonidae) are a distinctive and highly specialized clade of Old World lizards with 202 species described as of June 2015.
Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.
Changsha is the capital and most populous city of Hunan province in the south central part of the People's Republic of China.
Charles Pierre Baudelaire (April 9, 1821 – August 31, 1867) was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe.
was a social class that emerged in Japan during the early years of the Tokugawa period.
, Japanese poet, occupies a prominent place in Japanese Literature of the Five Mountains, literature in Chinese written in Japan.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese classic texts or canonical texts refers to the Chinese texts which originated before the imperial unification by the Qin dynasty in 221 BC, particularly the "Four Books and Five Classics" of the Neo-Confucian tradition, themselves a customary abridgment of the "Thirteen Classics".
Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago.
Chinese personal names are names used by those from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and the Chinese diaspora overseas.
Chinese poetry is poetry written, spoken, or chanted in the Chinese language.
The Chinese Text Project (CTP) is a digital library project that assembles collections of early Chinese texts.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
The civil service is independent of government and composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership.
Attributed to Han Gan, ''Huiyebai (Night-Shining White Steed)'', about 750 CE (Tang Dynasty). Classical Chinese poetry is traditional Chinese poetry written in Classical Chinese and typified by certain traditional forms, or modes; traditional genres; and connections with particular historical periods, such as the poetry of the Tang Dynasty.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
The culture of Japan has evolved greatly over the millennia, from the country's prehistoric time Jōmon period, to its contemporary modern culture, which absorbs influences from Asia, Europe, and North America.
David Hawkes (6 July 1923 – 31 July 2009) was a British sinologist and translator.
De l'un au multiple: Traductions du chinois vers les langues européennes Translations from Chinese into European Languages ("From one into many: Translations from the Chinese to the European languages") is an academic book in French and English with essays about translations of Chinese into European languages.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Du is a Chinese family name.
Du Fu's Thatched Cottage is a park and museum in honour of the Tang Dynasty poet Du Fu at the western outskirts of Chengdu, adjacent to the Huanhua Xi (Flower Rinsing Creek).
Du Shenyan (ca. 645–708Wu, 42) was a poet of the early Tang dynasty, and one of whose poems was collected in the popular anthology Three Hundred Tang Poems.
The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.
The Emperor or Huangdi was the secular imperial title of the Chinese sovereign reigning between the founding of the Qin dynasty that unified China in 221 BC, until the abdication of Puyi in 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of China, although it was later restored twice in two failed revolutions in 1916 and 1917.
Emperor Suzong of Tang (19 October 711 – 16 May 762; r. 756 – 762), personal name Li Heng, né Li Sisheng (李嗣升), known as Li Jun (李浚) from 725 to 736, known as Li Yu (李璵) from 736 to 738, known briefly as Li Shao (李紹) in 738, was an emperor of the Tang dynasty and the son of Emperor Xuanzong.
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (8 September 685 – 3 May 762), also commonly known as Emperor Ming of Tang or Illustrious August, personal name Li Longji, also known as Wu Longji from 690 to 705, was the seventh emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, reigning from 713 to 756 C.E. His reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang dynasty.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. is a Scottish-founded, now American company best known for publishing the Encyclopædia Britannica, the world's oldest continuously published encyclopedia.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
In poetry, enjambment (or; from the French enjambement) is incomplete syntax at the end of a line; the meaning runs over from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation.
An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.
An epithet (from ἐπίθετον epitheton, neuter of ἐπίθετος epithetos, "attributed, added") is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage.
Facing the Moon: Poems of Li Bai and Du Fu is a collection of English translations of Chinese poetry by the Tang dynasty poets Li Bai and Du Fu, translated by Keith Holyoak.
Fang Guan (房琯) (697 – September 15, 763), courtesy name Cilü (次律), formally the Duke of Qinghe (清河公), was an official of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, serving as a chancellor during the reigns of Emperor Xuanzong and Emperor Suzong.
Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
, 1325–1388), Japanese luminary of the Zen Rinzai sect, was a master of poetry and prose in Chinese (Literature of the Five Mountains). Gidō’s own diary relates how as a child he discovered and treasured the Zen classic Rinzairoku in his father’s library. He was born in Tosa on the island of Shikoku and began formal study of Confucian and Buddhist literature. His religious proclivities were encouraged when he witnessed the violent death of a clan member. Like many others he took his first vows on Mt. Hiei near the capital. Gidō’s life was changed with a visit to the prominent Zen master Musō Soseki (1275–1351) in 1341. He would become the master’s attendant after his own unsuccessful pilgrimage to China. He would become a principal disciple. Gidō was born with eyesight difficulties. His choice of a literary name was Kūgedojin or Holy Man who sees Flowers in the Sky. Kūge was from Sanscrit khpuspa and indicated illusory sense perceptions. Gidō would play a role of conciliator between rival courts in the nation’s civil war. His loyalty was with the northern court and its Ashikaga supporters. After taking residence in the city of Kamakura, Gidō would become the personal advisor to the Ashikaga rulers there. Gidō encouraged Confucian political values such as centralized rule and social stability. Likewise Gidō became an advocate of Sung period Chinese Neo-Confucian humanistic values, both political and literary. In 1380 Gidō was asked by the reigning shogun, Yoshimitsu (1358–1408), to reside with him in Kyoto. Gidō’s last years were spent personally instructing Yoshimitsu in Confucian and Buddhist subjects.
Gongyi, formerly Gong County, is a county-level city belonging to the city of Zhengzhou in Henan province, China.
(plural haiku) is a very short Japan poem with seventeen syllables and three verses.
Han Gan (Chinese: 韩干/韓幹) (c. 706-783) was a Tang Dynasty painter.
Han Yu (76825 December 824) was a Chinese writer, poet, and government official of the Tang dynasty who significantly influenced the development of Neo-Confucianism.
The Harvard Gazette is the official news Website of Harvard University.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
, also known as Hayashi Shunsai, was a Japanese Neo-Confucian scholar, teacher and administrator in the system of higher education maintained by the Tokugawa ''bakufu'' during the Edo period.
Hebei (postal: Hopeh) is a province of China in the North China region.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Quintus Horatius Flaccus (December 8, 65 BC – November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus (also known as Octavian).
Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.
The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.
is a Japanese publishing company in Tokyo.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature, often written in Classical Chinese.
Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.
was a after Genna and before Shōhō. This period spanned the years from February 1624 through December 1644.
is a Japanese term for Chinese poetry in general as well as the Japanese poetry written in Chinese by Japanese poets.
Keith James Holyoak (born January 16, 1950) is a Canadian-American researcher in cognitive psychology and cognitive science, working on human thinking and reasoning.
Kenneth Charles Marion Rexroth (December 22, 1905 – June 6, 1982) was an American poet, translator and critical essayist.
is a Japanese publishing company headquartered in Bunkyō, Tokyo, Japan.
Kokan Shiren (虎関師錬), 1278–1347), Japanese Rinzai Zen patriarch and celebrated poet in Chinese, was the son of an officer of the palace guard and a mother of the aristocratic Minamoto clan. At age eight he was placed in the charge of the Buddhist priest Hōkaku on Mt. Hiei. At age ten he was ordained there, but later began study with the Zen master Kian at the Nanzenji monastery. Kokan Shiren’s talents came to the attention of the Emperor Kameyama. At age seventeen he began extensive Chinese studies. Thus began a long career of travel and the establishment of Zen institutions all across Japan. He became abbot at many of the best Zen establishments. At the end of his life, the emperor Gomurakami conferred upon him the title kokushi or National Teacher. Yet in his writings Kokan showed an aloofness from prestige with a striving for inner freedom. The best of his poetry in Chinese dates from late in his life when he had withdrawn from ecclesiastical affairs. His poetry and essays were collected under the title Saihokushū. He is also credited with other contributions to lexography in his lifetime. Kokan compiled a thirty-chapter Buddhist history, the Genko Shakusho (元亨釈書), the oldest extant account of Buddhism in Japan. The work was completed in the Genko'' era, whence the era name in its title. Kokan studied under the celebrated Chinese monk Yishan Yining. Their relationship can be regarded as the beginning of the golden age of the Literature of the Five Mountains in Japan. He studied calligraphy under an additional Chinese master Huang Shangu. Other works include Japan's first rhymed verse Jubun-in-ryaku in five volumes, Kokan Osho Juzenshiroku in three volumes, and the eighteen-volume Butsugo Shinron. A portrait of Kokan Shiren is in the Kaizoin of the Tōfuku-ji Temple in Kyoto, Japan.
Kui Prefecture, Kuizhou Circuit, or Kuizhou was initially established in 619 CE, as a renaming of the existing Xin Prefecture.
Li Bai (701–762), also known as Li Bo, Li Po and Li Taibai, was a Chinese poet acclaimed from his own day to the present as a genius and a romantic figure who took traditional poetic forms to new heights.
Poets who wrote or write much of their poetry in the languages of China.
Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.
The literature of the Five Mountains (Japanese: 五山文学, gozan bungaku) is the literature produced by the principal Zen (禅) monastic centers of the Rinzai sect in Kyoto and Kamakura, Japan.
Lu You (1125–1209) was a prominent poet of China's Southern Song Dynasty(南宋).
Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.
, born 松尾 金作, then, was the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan.
Mei Yaochen (1002–1060) was a poet of the Song dynasty.
Mencius or Mengzi (372–289 BC or 385–303 or 302BC) was a Chinese philosopher who has often been described as the "second Sage", that is after only Confucius himself.
Military tactics encompasses the art of organising and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573.
Neo-Confucianism (often shortened to lixue 理學) is a moral, ethical, and metaphysical Chinese philosophy influenced by Confucianism, and originated with Han Yu and Li Ao (772–841) in the Tang Dynasty, and became prominent during the Song and Ming dynasties.
The, often abbreviated as the and sometimes known in English as Shogakukan's Japanese Dictionary, is the largest Japanese language dictionary published.
, son of regent Nijō Michihira, was a Japanese kugyō (court noble), waka poet, and renga master of the early Nanboku-chō period (1336–1392).
, derived from the Sino-Japanese word for "skill" or "talent", is a major form of classical Japanese musical drama that has been performed since the 14th century.
, translated alternately as The Narrow Road to the Deep North and The Narrow Road to the Interior, is a major work of haibun by the Japanese poet Matsuo Bashō, considered one of the major texts of Japanese literature of the Edo period.
One Hundred Poems From the Chinese is a collection of translations of Chinese poetry by Kenneth Rexroth, first published in 1956.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
A pardon is a government decision to allow a person to be absolved of guilt for an alleged crime or other legal offense, as if the act never occurred.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pei Di (approximate year of birth 714) was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty, and a contemporary of Wang Wei, although younger by fifteen years.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Pierre-Jean de Béranger (19 August 178016 July 1857) was a prolific French poet and chansonnier (songwriter), who enjoyed great popularity and influence in France during his lifetime, but faded into obscurity in the decades following his death.
A poet is a person who creates poetry.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
Prose is a form of language that exhibits a natural flow of speech and grammatical structure rather than a rhythmic structure as in traditional poetry, where the common unit of verse is based on meter or rhyme.
Quan Tangshi (Complete Tang Poems), commissioned in 1705 at the direction and published under the name of the Qing dynasty Kangxi Emperor, is the largest collection of Tang poetry, containing some 49,000 lyric poems by more than twenty-two hundred poets.
The term "Radical" (from the Latin radix meaning root) during the late 18th-century and early 19th-century identified proponents of democratic reform, in what subsequently became the parliamentary Radical Movement.
Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.
In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.
is a genre of Japanese collaborative poetry — poetry written by more than one author working together.
The Rinzai school (Japanese: Rinzai-shū, Chinese: 临济宗 línjì zōng) is one of three sects of Zen in Japanese Buddhism (with Sōtō and Ōbaku).
Robert Burns (25 January 175921 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns, the Bard of Ayrshire, Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
In Japan, was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress regnant.
Shandong (formerly romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
Simians of various sorts (including the monkey, gibbon, and other primates of real or mythological nature) are an important motif in Chinese poetry.
Solipsism is the philosophical idea that only one's own mind is sure to exist.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Stephen Owen (born October 30, 1946) is an American sinologist specializing in Chinese literature, particularly Tang dynasty poetry and comparative poetics.
Su Shi (8January103724August1101), also known as Su Dongpo, was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song dynasty.
The (Chronicle of Great Peace) is a Japanese historical epic (see gunki monogatari) written in the late 14th century and covers the period from 1319 to 1367.
Tanzhou or Tan Prefecture (潭州) was a zhou (prefecture) in imperial China centering on modern Changsha, Hunan, China.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tang dynasty art is Chinese art made during the Tang dynasty (618–907).
Tang poetry refers to poetry written in or around the time of or in the characteristic style of China's Tang dynasty, (June 18, 618 – June 4, 907, including the 690–705 reign of Wu Zetian) and/or follows a certain style, often considered as the Golden Age of Chinese poetry.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
The Selected Poems of Du Fu is a collection of English translations of Chinese poetry by the Tang dynasty poet Du Fu, translated by Burton Watson.
Three Chinese Poets is a book of poetry by the titular poets Wang Wei, Li Bai and Du Fu translated into English by Vikram Seth.
The Three Gorges are three adjacent gorges along the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, in the hinterland of the People's Republic of China.
Three perfections is the gathering of poets, calligraphers and painters to create an artwork in ancient China.
Tianshui is the second-largest city in Gansu Province, China.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaiokinai.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
Vikram Seth (born 20 June 1952) is an Indian novelist and poet.
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
Wade–Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization system for Mandarin Chinese.
Wang Wei (699–759) was a Tang dynasty Chinese poet, musician, painter, and statesman.
Wei Zhuang (836?See, e.g.,.–910Spring and Autumn Annals of the Ten Kingdoms (十國春秋),.), style name Duanyi (端已), was a Chinese poet and late Tang Dynasty and early Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period historical figure best known for his poetry in shi and ci styles.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
William Hung (27 October 189322 December 1980), was a Chinese educator, sinologist, and historian who taught for many years at Yenching University, Peking, which was China's leading Christian university, and at Harvard University.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798).
Harold Witter Bynner, also known by the pen name Emanuel Morgan, (August 10, 1881 – June 1, 1968) was an American poet, writer and scholar, known for his long residence in Santa Fe, New Mexico, and association with other literary figures there.
Word play or wordplay (also: play-on-words) is a literary technique and a form of wit in which words used become the main subject of the work, primarily for the purpose of intended effect or amusement.
Written Vernacular Chinese is the forms of written Chinese based on the varieties of Chinese spoken throughout China, in contrast to Classical Chinese, the written standard used during imperial China up to the early twentieth century.
Wu Zetian (624 December16, 705),Paludan, 100 alternatively named Wu Zhao, Wu Hou, and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, also referred to in English as Empress Consort Wu or by the deprecated term "Empress Wu", was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as empress consort and empress dowager and later, officially as empress regnant (皇帝) during the brief Zhou dynasty (周, 684–705), which interrupted the Tang dynasty (618–690 & 705–907).
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yuan Zhen (779 – September 2, 831), courtesy name Weizhi (微之), was a politician of the middle Tang Dynasty, but is more known as an important Chinese writer and poet.
Zen (p; translit) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan Buddhism.
, formerly romanized as Chekiang, is an eastern coastal province of China.