180 relations: A. R. Rahman, Accidental (music), Alberto Iglesias, Alexandre Desplat, American Musical Instrument Society, Andrew Gross, Angel (1999 TV series), Apricot, Apricot Stone, Ararat (film), Archangel (Soulfly album), Armenia, Armenian language, Armenian Weekly, Atli Örvarsson, Aulos, Avatar (2009 film), Avatar: The Last Airbender, Azerbaijan, Battlestar Galactica (2004 TV series), Bear McCreary, Bedtime Stories (film), Bill Brown (composer), Blake Neely, Blood Diamond, Brian Tyler, Brotherhood of the Wolf, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Castle (TV series), Caucasus, Christophe Beck, Chromatic scale, Circular breathing, Civilization V, Cold Case, Conquer (album), Constantine (film), Cor anglais, Daenerys Targaryen, Danny Elfman, Dark Void, David Robbins (composer), Dead Man Walking (film), Deutsche Welle, Diatonic scale, Djivan Gasparyan, Dota 2, Double reed, Douglas Stevens, Ed Rogers, ..., Elektra (2005 film), Elia Cmíral, Encyclopædia Iranica, Eurovision Song Contest 2010, F.E.A.R., Firefly (TV series), Fractal, Frank Herbert's Children of Dune, Frula, Game of Thrones, Geoff Zanelli, Georgia (country), Gerard Marino, Gevorg Dabaghyan, Gladiator (2000 film), God of War III, Graeme Revell, Great Soviet Encyclopedia, Greg Edmonson, Hans Zimmer, Harry Gregson-Williams, Hotel Rwanda, Hulk (film), Inon Zur, Jack Wall (composer), JAG (TV series), Jamala, James Horner, Jeff Beal, Jenny Wren, Jeremy Soule, Jerry Goldsmith, John Cameron (musician), John Debney, John Williams, Joseph LoDuca, Kaval, Kendra Preston Leonard, Klaus Badelt, Lennie Moore, Levon Minassian, Mark Isham, Martin Scorsese, Mass Effect, Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, Mayrig, Mel Gibson, Mey (instrument), Michael A. Levine, Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor, Munich (film), Music of Armenia, Mychael Danna, Myst III: Exile, Myst IV: Revelation, Next (2007 film), Oboe, Octave, Outcast (video game), Over There (U.S. TV series), Passion (Peter Gabriel album), Paul Baillargeon, Paul McCartney, Pedro Eustache, Peter Gabriel, Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, Prince of Persia: The Two Thrones, Proto-Slavic, Ramin Djawadi, Randy Miller (composer), Reed (mouthpiece), Rendition (film), Rob Thomas (musician), Robert Duncan (composer), Rome (TV series), Ronin (film), Rowman & Littlefield, Rupert Gregson-Williams, Russell Brower, Russia, SAGE Publications, Shawm, Shvi, Soulfly, Spartacus (miniseries), Star Trek: Enterprise, Steve Jablonsky, Syriana, System of a Down, T.A.T.u., Tales from Earthsea (film), The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (soundtrack), The Crow: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, The Hindu, The Island (2005 film), The Kite Runner (film), The Last Temptation of Christ, The Pacific (miniseries), The Passion of the Christ, The Path to 9/11, The Russia House (film), Tigranes the Great, Tomb Raider: Legend, Total War: Rome II, Toxicity (album), Tribute (Yanni album), Troels Brun Folmann, Turkey, Turkish language, Uncharted 2: Among Thieves, UNESCO, Us (Peter Gabriel album), Vantage Point (film), Vatche Hovsepian, Wanted (2008 film), Warriors of Heaven and Earth, Wind instrument, Woodwind instrument, World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade, World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King, Xena: Warrior Princess, Yanni, You Don't Mess with the Zohan, Yu-Gi-Oh!, Zurna, ...Something to Be, 1944 (song), 200 Po Vstrechnoy. Expand index (130 more) » « Shrink index
Allahrakka Rahman (born A. S. Dileep Kumar, best known as A. R. Rahman, is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, and music producer. A. R. Rahman's works are noted for integrating Indian classical music with electronic music, world music and traditional orchestral arrangements. Among his awards are six National Film Awards, two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe, fifteen Filmfare Awards and seventeen Filmfare Awards South. He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award, in 2010 by the Government of India. In 2009, Rahman was included on the ''Time'' 100 list of the world's most influential people. The UK-based world-music magazine Songlines named him one of "Tomorrow's World Music Icons" in August 2011. South Indian fans of Rahman refer him with the nickname of "The Mozart of Madras", and "Isai Puyal" (the Musical Storm). With an in-house studio (Panchathan Record Inn in Chennai), Rahman's film-scoring career began during the early 1990s with the Tamil film Roja. Working in India's film industries, international cinema, and theatre, Rahman is one of the best-selling recording artists, with an estimated 200million units sold. In a notable two-decade career, he has been acclaimed for redefining contemporary Indian film music and contributing to the success of several films. Rahman has also become a notable humanitarian and philanthropist, donating and raising money for a number of causes and charities. In 2017, Rahman made his debut as a director and writer for the film Le Musk.
In music, an accidental is a note of a pitch (or pitch class) that is not a member of the scale or mode indicated by the most recently applied key signature.
Alberto Iglesias Fernández-Berridi (born San Sebastián, 21 October 1955)Gutierrez, Evan C. "", Allmusic.
Alexandre Michel Gérard Desplat (born 23 August 1961) is a French-Greek film composer.
The American Musical Instrument Society (AMIS) was formed in 1971 "to promote study of the history, design, and use of musical instruments in all cultures and from all periods" (the branch of musicology known as organology).
Andrew Gross (born 1952) is an American author of thriller novels including four New York Times bestsellers.
Angel is an American television series, a spin-off from the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
An apricot is a fruit, or the tree that bears the fruit, of several species in the genus Prunus (stone fruits).
"Apricot Stone" is a song by Eva Rivas that was the Armenian entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 held in Oslo, Norway.
Ararat is a 2002 Canadian-French historical-drama film written and directed by Atom Egoyan and starring Charles Aznavour, Christopher Plummer, David Alpay, Arsinée Khanjian, Eric Bogosian, Bruce Greenwood and Elias Koteas.
Archangel is the tenth studio album from American groove metal band Soulfly.
Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
Armenian Weekly (originally Hairenik Weekly) is an English Armenian publication published by Hairenik Association, Inc.
Atli Örvarsson (born 7 July 1970) is an Icelandic film score composer.
An aulos (αὐλός, plural αὐλοί, auloi) or tibia (Latin) was an ancient Greek wind instrument, depicted often in art and also attested by archaeology.
Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.
Avatar: The Last Airbender (Avatar: The Legend of Aang in some regions) is an American animated television series that aired for three seasons on Nickelodeon.
Battlestar Galactica (BSG) is an American military science fiction television series, and part of the ''Battlestar Galactica'' franchise.
Bear McCreary (born February 17, 1979) is an American composer and musician living in Los Angeles.
Bedtime Stories is a 2008 American family-magic realism-comedy film directed by Adam Shankman, written by Matt Lopez and Tim Herlihy and produced by Andrew Gunn and Jack Giarraputo.
Bill Brown IV (born 1969) is an American composer.
Blake Neely (born April 28, 1969) is an American composer, arranger, orchestrator, conductor, and author.
Blood Diamond is a 2006 German-American political war thriller film co-produced and directed by Edward Zwick, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Jennifer Connelly and Djimon Hounsou.
Brian Tyler (born May 8, 1972) is an American composer, multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, conductor, arranger, DJ and producer.
Brotherhood of the Wolf (Le Pacte des loups) is a 2001 French historical action horror film directed by Christophe Gans, co-written by Gans and Stéphane Cabel, and starring Samuel Le Bihan, Mark Dacascos, Émilie Dequenne, Monica Bellucci and Vincent Cassel.
Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an American supernatural drama television series created by Joss Whedon under his production tag, Mutant Enemy Productions, with later co-executive producers being Jane Espenson, David Fury, David Greenwalt, Doug Petrie, Marti Noxon, and David Solomon.
Castle is an American crime-comedy-drama television series, which aired on ABC for a total of eight seasons from March 9, 2009 to May 16, 2016.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
Christophe Beck (born Jean-Christophe Beck, 1968/1969) is a Canadian television and film score composer.
The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below its adjacent pitches.
Circular breathing is a technique used by players of some wind instruments to produce a continuous tone without interruption.
Sid Meier's Civilization V is a 4X video game in the ''Civilization'' series developed by Firaxis Games.
Cold Case is an American police procedural television series which ran on CBS from September 28, 2003 to May 2, 2010.
Conquer is the sixth studio album by the band Soulfly.
Constantine is a 2005 American occult detective film directed by Francis Lawrence, in his directorial debut, and starring Keanu Reeves as John Constantine.
The cor anglais or original; plural: cors anglais) Longman has /kɔːz/ for British and /kɔːrz/ for American --> or English horn in North America, is a double-reed woodwind instrument in the oboe family. It is approximately one and a half times the length of an oboe. The cor anglais is a transposing instrument pitched in F, a perfect fifth lower than the oboe (a C instrument). This means that music for the cor anglais is written a perfect fifth higher than the instrument actually sounds. The fingering and playing technique used for the cor anglais are essentially the same as those of the oboe and oboists typically double on the cor anglais when required. The cor anglais normally lacks the lowest B key found on most oboes and so its sounding range stretches from E3 (written B) below middle C to C6 two octaves above middle C.
Daenerys Targaryen is a fictional character in George R. R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire series of novels, as well as the television adaptation, Game of Thrones, where she is portrayed by Emilia Clarke.
Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953) is an American composer, singer, songwriter, and record producer.
Dark Void is a video game developed by Airtight Games using the Unreal Engine 3 and published by Capcom for the PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 and Microsoft Windows.
David Robbins is an American music composer.
Dead Man Walking is a 1995 American crime drama film starring Susan Sarandon and Sean Penn, and co-produced and directed by Tim Robbins, who adapted the screenplay from the non-fiction book of the same name.
Deutsche Welle ("German wave" in German) or DW is Germany's public international broadcaster.
In western music theory, a diatonic scale is a heptatonic scale that includes five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in each octave, in which the two half steps are separated from each other by either two or three whole steps, depending on their position in the scale.
Djivan Gasparyan (var. Jivan Gasparyan; Ջիվան Գասպարյան,; born October 12, 1928) is an Armenian musician and composer.
Dota 2 is a free-to-play multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) video game developed and published by Valve Corporation.
A double reed is a type of reed used to produce sound in various wind instruments.
Douglas Robert Stevens is an Australian bishop.
Edward Antonio Rogers (born August 29, 1978 in San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic) is a retired utility infielder who played with the Baltimore Orioles.
Elektra is a 2005 Canadian-American superhero film directed by Rob Bowman.
Elia David Cmíral (born October 1, 1950) is a Czech composer for film, television, ballet, and video games.
Encyclopædia Iranica is a project whose goal is to create a comprehensive and authoritative English language encyclopedia about the history, culture, and civilization of Iranian peoples from prehistory to modern times.
The Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was the 55th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
F.E.A.R. First Encounter Assault Recon is a horror first-person shooter video game developed by Monolith Productions and published by Vivendi Universal Games and Warner Bros. Games.
Firefly is an American space Western drama television series which ran from 2002–2003, created by writer and director Joss Whedon, under his Mutant Enemy Productions label.
In mathematics, a fractal is an abstract object used to describe and simulate naturally occurring objects.
Frank Herbert's Children of Dune is a three-part science fiction miniseries written by John Harrison and directed by Greg Yaitanes, based on Frank Herbert's novels Dune Messiah (1969) and Children of Dune (1976).
The frula (фрула), also known as svirala (свирала) or jedinka, is a musical instrument which resembles a medium sized flute, traditionally played in Serbia.
Game of Thrones is an American fantasy drama television series created by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss.
Geoffrey Zanelli or Geoff Zanelli (born September 28, 1974) is an American musician and composer working primarily in the medium of film, television, and video game scores.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Gerard Kendrick Marino (born April 1, 1968) is a film and video game score composer, most notably contributing heavily to the God of War series.
Gevorg Gourgeni Dabaghyan (Գևորգ Դաբաղյան; b.1965) is an Armenian duduk player of liturgical and folk music, born in Yerevan.
Gladiator is a 2000 epic historical drama film directed by Ridley Scott and written by David Franzoni, John Logan, and William Nicholson.
God of War III is an action-adventure hack and slash video game developed by Santa Monica Studio and published by Sony Computer Entertainment (SCE).
Graeme Revell (born 23 October 1955) is a New Zealand musician and composer.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (GSE; Большая советская энциклопедия, БСЭ, Bolshaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya) is one of the largest Russian-language encyclopedias, published by the Soviet state from 1926 to 1990, and again since 2002 by Russia (under the name Bolshaya Rossiyskaya entsiklopediya or Great Russian Encyclopedia).
Greg Edmonson is a music composer for television and movies.
Hans Florian Zimmer (born 12 September 1957) is a German film score composer and record producer.
Harry Gregson-Williams (born 13 December 1961) is an English composer, orchestrator, conductor, and music producer.
Hotel Rwanda is a 2004 British-Italian-South African historical drama film directed by Terry George.
Hulk is a 2003 American superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character of the same name.
Inon Zur (ינון צור,; born July 4, 1965) is an Israeli-American music composer.
Jack Wall (born 1964 in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania) is an American video game music composer.
JAG (U.S. military acronym for Judge Advocate General) is an American legal drama television show with a distinct U.S. Navy theme, created by Donald P. Bellisario, and produced by Belisarius Productions in association with Paramount Network Television (now CBS Television Studios).
Susana Alimivna Jamaladinova (Susana Alim qızı Camaladinova; Susana Alimivna Dzhamaladinova; sʊˈsanə ɐˈlʲiməvnə dʐəməlɐˈdʲinəvə, born 27 August 1983), better known by her stage name Jamala (Camala, Dzhamala; dʐɐˈmalə), is a Ukrainian singer, actress and songwriter.
James Roy Horner (August 14, 1953 – June 22, 2015) was an American composer, conductor and orchestrator of film scores, writing over 100.
Jeff Beal (born June 20, 1963) is an American composer of music for film, television, recordings, and the concert hall.
"Jenny Wren" is a song by Paul McCartney from his 2005 album Chaos and Creation in the Backyard.
Jeremy Soule (born December 19, 1975 in Keokuk, Iowa) is an American composer of soundtracks for film, television and video games.
Jerrald King "Jerry" Goldsmith (February 10, 1929July 21, 2004) was an American composer and conductor most known for his work in film and television scoring.
John Cameron (born 20 March 1944, Woodford, Essex, England) is a British composer, arranger, conductor and musician.
John Cardon Debney (born August 18, 1956) is an American film composer and conductor.
John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer, conductor, and pianist.
Joseph LoDuca is an American television and film score composer best known for his work writing television scores for the series Spartacus, Leverage, Hercules: The Legendary Journeys, Xena: Warrior Princess, Young Hercules, The Librarians TV series, American Gothic and Jack of All Trades.
The kaval is a chromatic end-blown flute traditionally played throughout Armenia, the Balkans and Turkey.
Kendra Preston Leonard (born June 11, 1974, New Orleans) is a musicologist specializing in women in music and music and screen history in 20th century France, Britain, and America.
Klaus Badelt (born 12 June 1967) is a German film composer, known for his collaborations with Hans Zimmer, helping to write scores for dozens of critically acclaimed films including The Thin Red Line, The Prince of Egypt, Gladiator, and Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl.
Lennie Moore (born December 12, 1961) is an American composer, conductor, orchestrator of music for video games, film, TV, and Multi-media.
Lévon Minassian is a French-Armenian duduk player.
Mark Ware Isham (born September 7, 1951) is an American musician.
Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.
Mass Effect is a science fiction action role-playing third-person shooter video game series developed by the Canadian company BioWare and released for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Microsoft Windows, with the third installment also released on the Wii U. The fourth game was released on Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One in March 2017.
The Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity was made by the Director-General of UNESCO starting in 2001 to raise awareness of intangible cultural heritage and encourage local communities to protect them and the local people who sustain these forms of cultural expressions.
Mayrig (Mother) is a 1991 semi-autobiographical film written and directed by French-Armenian filmmaker Henri Verneuil.
Mel Colmcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.
The Mey is a double-reed aerophone used in Turkish folk music.
Michael A. Levine (born 20 February 1964 in Tokyo, Japan) is an American composer, music producer and screenwriter born in Japan and currently based in Los Angeles.
Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor is an open world action-adventure video game developed by Monolith Productions and published by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment.
Munich is a 2005 historical drama film produced and directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Tony Kushner and Eric Roth.
The music of Armenia has its origins in the Armenian Highlands, where people traditionally sang popular folk songs.
Mychael Danna (born September 20, 1958) is a Canadian film composer.
Myst III: Exile is the third title in the Myst series of graphic adventure puzzle video games.
Myst IV: Revelation is the fourth installment in the Myst video game series, developed and published by Ubisoft.
Next is a 2007 American science fiction action thriller film directed by Lee Tamahori and starring Nicolas Cage, Julianne Moore, Jessica Biel, Thomas Kretschmann, Tory Kittles, and Peter Falk.
Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
Outcast is an action-adventure video game developed by Belgian developer Appeal and released by Infogrames for Windows in 1999.
Over There was an American action/drama/war television series co-created by Steven Bochco and Chris Gerolmo and produced by 20th Century Fox Television.
Passion (re-released as Passion: Music for The Last Temptation of Christ) is an album released in 1989 by the English singer-songwriter Peter Gabriel.
Paul Baillargeon (born 1943) is a Canadian composer, known for his music for television shows.
Sir James Paul McCartney (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer.
Pedro Eustache (born August 18, 1959) is a Venezuelan born multidirectional soloist flautist, reed player, world woodwind player, wind synthesist, researcher, composer, lecturer, and instrument maker with extensive academic studies and more than 40 years of professional experience.
Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950) is an English singer-songwriter, record producer and humanitarian who rose to fame as the original lead singer and flautist of the progressive rock band Genesis.
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End is a 2007 American epic fantasy swashbuckler film directed by Gore Verbinski, the third in the ''Pirates of the Caribbean'' film series and the sequel to Dead Man's Chest (2006).
Prince of Persia: The Two Thrones is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Ubisoft Montreal.
Proto-Slavic is the unattested, reconstructed proto-language of all the Slavic languages.
Ramin Djawadi (رامین جوادی; born July 19, 1974) is an Iranian-German composer.
Randy Miller is an American orchestral composer, conductor, and arranger based in Los Angeles, California.
A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument.
Rendition is a 2007 American political thriller film directed by Gavin Hood and starring Reese Witherspoon, Meryl Streep, Peter Sarsgaard, Alan Arkin, Jake Gyllenhaal and Omar Metwally.
Robert Kelly "Rob" Thomas (born February 14, 1972 in Landstuhl, Germany) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer and multi-instrumentalist, best known as the lead singer of alternative rock band Matchbox Twenty.
Robert Duncan is a Canadian composer of film and television music.
Rome is a British-American-Italian historical drama television series created by John Milius, William J. MacDonald, and Bruno Heller.
Ronin is a 1998 American action thriller film written by John David Zeik and David Mamet (using the pseudonym Richard Weisz) and directed by John Frankenheimer.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
Rupert Gregson-Williams (born October 12, 1966) is a British composer of motion picture and television scores.
Russell Brower is an American music composer and three-time Emmy Award-winning sound designer who has created sounds for Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs and Batman: The Animated Series, and video game music for games including Joint Operations, World of Warcraft, Starcraft II and Diablo III.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.
The shawm (/ʃɔːm/) is a conical bore, double-reed woodwind instrument made in Europe from the 12th century to the present day.
The shvi (Շվի, "whistle", pronounced sh-vee) is a fipple flute with a labium mouth piece.
Soulfly is an American metal band formed in Phoenix, Arizona in 1997.
Spartacus is a 2004 North American miniseries directed by Robert Dornhelm and produced by Ted Kurdyla from a teleplay by Robert Schenkkan.
Star Trek: Enterprise (ENT) (titled simply Enterprise until the third episode of season three) is an American science fiction television series created by Rick Berman and Brannon Braga as a prequel to Star Trek: The Original Series.
Steve Jablonsky (born October 9, 1970) is an American composer for film, television and video games, best known for his musical scores in the ''Transformers'' film series.
Syriana is a 2005 American geopolitical thriller film written and directed by Stephen Gaghan, and executive produced by George Clooney, who also stars in the film with an ensemble cast.
System of a Down, sometimes abbreviated as SOAD or colloquially referred to as System, is an heavy metal band from Glendale, California, formed in 1994.
t.A.T.u. (Тату) were a Russian music duo that consisted of Lena Katina and Julia Volkova.
is a 2006 Japanese animated fantasy film directed by Gorō Miyazaki, animated by Studio Ghibli for the Nippon Television Network, Dentsu, Hakuhodo DY Media Partners, Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Mitsubishi and Toho, and distributed by the latter company.
The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is a 2005 British-American high fantasy film directed by Andrew Adamson and based on The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the first published and second chronological novel in C. S. Lewis's children's epic fantasy series, The Chronicles of Narnia.
The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is the soundtrack of the film of the same name.
The soundtrack to the movie The Crow was released in 1994.
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is an action role-playing video game developed by Bethesda Game Studios and published by Bethesda Softworks.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Island is a 2005 American science fiction thriller film directed and co-produced by Michael Bay.
The Kite Runner is a 2007 American drama film directed by Marc Forster from a screenplay by David Benioff and based on the 2003 novel of the same name by Khaled Hosseini.
The Last Temptation of Christ or The Last Temptation (Greek: italic, O Teleftéos Pirasmós) is a historical novel written by Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1955.
The Pacific is a 2010 American television series produced by HBO, Playtone, and DreamWorks that premiered in the United States on March 14, 2010.
The Passion of the Christ (also known simply as The Passion) is a 2004 American biblical drama film directed by Mel Gibson, written by Gibson and Benedict Fitzgerald, and starring Jim Caviezel as Jesus Christ, Maia Morgenstern as the Virgin Mary and Monica Bellucci as Mary Magdalene.
The Path to 9/11 is a two-part miniseries that aired in the United States on ABC television on September 10 – 11, 2006, and also in other countries.
The Russia House is a 1990 American spy film directed by Fred Schepisi.
Tigranes II, more commonly known as Tigranes the Great (Տիգրան Մեծ, Tigran Mets; Τιγράνης ὁ Μέγας Tigránes ho Mégas; Tigranes Magnus) (140 – 55 BC) was King of Armenia under whom the country became, for a short time, the strongest state to Rome's east.
Tomb Raider: Legend is an action-adventure video game developed by Crystal Dynamics and published by Eidos Interactive.
Total War: Rome II is a strategy game developed by The Creative Assembly and published by Sega.
Toxicity is the second studio album by the Armenian-American heavy metal band System of a Down, released on September 4, 2001 by Columbia Records.
Tribute is the third live album by Yanni, recorded live at the Taj Mahal, India and the Forbidden City, Beijing, China from March to May 1997.
Troels Brun Folmann (born 10 January 1974 in Copenhagen) is a Danish composer specialised in epic orchestral music featured in TV shows, trailers and video games, such as the ''Tomb Raider'' series, and commercial/trailers for films such as Spider-Man 3, X-Men: The Last Stand, The Illusionist and 10,000 BC, and the fourth season of TV series America's Got Talent.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
Uncharted 2: Among Thieves is a third-person action-adventure video game developed by Naughty Dog and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation 3.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Us is the sixth studio album (and ninth album overall) by the English singer-songwriter Peter Gabriel, originally released in 1992.
Vantage Point is a 2008 American political action thriller film directed by Pete Travis and written by Barry L. Levy.
Vatche Hovsepyan (sometimes credited as Vatche Housepian; Վաչե Հովսեփյան; 1925–1978) was a duduk player.
Wanted is a 2008 action thriller film directed by Timur Bekmambetov and written by Michael Brandt, Derek Haas, and Chris Morgan.
Warriors of Heaven and Earth is a 2003 Chinese action adventure film directed by He Ping.
A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at or near the end of the resonator.
Woodwind instruments are a family of musical instruments within the more general category of wind instruments.
World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade is the first expansion set for the MMORPG World of Warcraft.
World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King is the second expansion set for the massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) World of Warcraft, following The Burning Crusade.
Xena: Warrior Princess is an American fantasy television series filmed on location in New Zealand.
Yiannis Chryssomallis (Γιάννης Χρυσομάλλης, Giannis Chrysomallis; born November 14, 1954), known professionally as Yanni, is a Greek composer, keyboardist, pianist, and music producer who has spent his adult life in the United States.
You Don't Mess with the Zohan is a 2008 American political satire comedy film directed by Dennis Dugan and produced by Adam Sandler, who also starred in the film.
is a Japanese manga series about gaming written and illustrated by Kazuki Takahashi.
The zurna (also called surnay, birbynė, lettish horn, zurla, surla, sornai, dili tuiduk, zournas, or zurma), is a wind instrument played in central Eurasia, ranging from the Balkans to Central Asia.
...Something to Be is the debut solo album from the Matchbox Twenty lead singer Rob Thomas.
"1944" is a song written and performed by Ukrainian singer Jamala.
200 Po Vstrechnoy (Cyrillic: 200 По Встречной; translation: "200 Against the Traffic") is the debut studio and Russian language album by t.A.T.u. It was released by Nerformat Records and Universal Music Russia on 21 May 2001 in Russia, Ukraine, and Poland, and was re-released by Universal Music Russia worldwide on 23 June 2003.