94 relations: American Civil War, Ancestral Puebloans, Apulia, Archaeology, Arizona, Basilicata, Berbers, Blaine Lake, British Columbia, Burdei, Burra Creek (South Australia), Canadian Prairies, Cappadocia, Cave, Christian, Chufut-Kale, Columbia Plateau, Concrete, Coober Pedy, Crimea, Crimean Goths, Crimean Karaites, Domestication, Doukhobors, Earth house, Earth lodge, Earth sheltering, Eastern Europe, Fox, French Canadians, Great Plains, Guadix, Hillsboro, Kansas, Hittites, Hohokam, Homestead Acts, Hopi, Hunting, Hut, Iceland, Inkerman Cave Monastery, Interior Plateau, Ireland, Jōmon period, Jewish partisans, Justinian I, Kaymakli Underground City, Kiva, Limestone, List of World Heritage Sites in Italy, ..., Livestock, Loess Plateau, Log cabin, Mangup, Manitou Cliff Dwellings, Matera, Matmata, Tunisia, Mennonites, Mesa Verde National Park, Mogollon culture, National Historic Sites of Canada, Oval, Pacific Northwest, Partisan (military), Pecos Classification, Pit-house, Poaceae, Poland, Quiggly hole, Rock (geology), Roman Britain, Roman Empire, Russian Empire, Russian language, Sassi di Matera, Scotland, Shell (projectile), Skara Brae, Smoke hole, Sod, Sod house, South Australia, Trench warfare, Tufa, Underground living, Vampire dugout, War, Western Front (World War I), White Cliffs, New South Wales, World War I, World War II, Yaodong, Ypres Salient, Zemlyanka. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The Ancestral Puebloans were an ancient Native American culture that spanned the present-day Four Corners region of the United States, comprising southeastern Utah, northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado.
Apulia (Puglia; Pùglia; Pulia; translit) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto to the south.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Basilicata, also known with its ancient name Lucania, is a region in Southern Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia (Puglia) to the north and east, and Calabria to the south.
Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⴻⵏ; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and a part of western Egypt.
Blaine Lake is a town in central Saskatchewan, Canada.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
A burdei or bordei (bordei, бурдей) is a type of half-dugout shelter, somewhat between a sod house and a log cabin.
Burra Creek is a stream in South Australia rising in the northern Mount Lofty Ranges, flowing generally southwards and eastwards to join the River Murray at Morgan.
The Canadian Prairies is a region in Western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political.
Cappadocia (also Capadocia; Καππαδοκία, Kappadokía, from Katpatuka, Kapadokya) is a historical region in Central Anatolia, largely in the Nevşehir, Kayseri, Kırşehir, Aksaray, and Niğde Provinces in Turkey.
A cave is a hollow place in the ground, specifically a natural space large enough for a human to enter.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Chufut-Kale (Russian and Ukrainian: Чуфут-Кале - Chufut-Kale; Çufut Qale; Karaim: Къале - Qale) is a medieval city-fortress in the Crimean Mountains that now lies in ruins.
The Columbia Plateau or Columbia Basin is a geographic region located almost entirely in Eastern Washington and north-central Oregon—with the eastern edge spilling over into North Idaho The area is characterized by its mostly semi-arid climate (Bsk under the Köppen classification)—with some areas falling under the desert (BWk) and mediterranean (Csa and Csb) classifications—resulting in a shrub-steppe environment.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Coober Pedy is a town in northern South Australia, north of Adelaide on the Stuart Highway.
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
Crimean Goths were those Greuthungi-Gothic tribes who remained in the lands around the Black Sea, especially in Crimea.
The Crimean Karaites or Krymkaraylar (Crimean Karaim: Кърымкъарайлар sg. къарай – qaray; Trakai Karaim: sg. karaj, pl. karajlar; קראי מזרח אירופה; Karaylar), also known as Karaims and Qarays, are an ethnic group derived from Turkic-speaking adherents of Karaite Judaism in Central and Eastern Europe, especially in the territory of the former Russian Empire.
Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.
The Doukhobors or Dukhobors (Духоборы, Dukhobory, also Dukhobortsy, Духоборцы; literally "Spirit-Warriors / Wrestlers") are a Spiritual Christian religious group of Russian origin.
An earth house (also known as an earth berm, an earth sheltered home, or an eco-house) is an architectural style characterized by the use of natural terrain to help form the walls of a house.
An Earth Lodge is a semi-subterranean building covered partially or completely with earth, best known from the Native American cultures of the Great Plains and Eastern Woodlands.
Earth sheltering is the architectural practice of using earth against building walls for external thermal mass, to reduce heat loss, and to easily maintain a steady indoor air temperature.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.
French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada from the 17th century onward.
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
Guadix is a city in southern Spain, in the province of Granada, on the left bank of the river Guadix, a sub-tributary of the Guadiana Menor, and on the Madrid-Valdepeñas-Almería railway.
Hillsboro is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States.
The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.
The Hohokam were an ancient Native American culture centered in the present US state of Arizona.
The Homestead Acts were several United States federal laws under which an applicant, upon the satisfaction of certain conditions, could acquire ownership of land, typically called a "homestead.” In all, more than 270 million acres of public land, or nearly 10% of the total area of the U.S., was transferred to 1.6 million homesteaders; most of the homesteads were west of the Mississippi River.
The Hopi are a Native American tribe, who primarily live on the Hopi Reservation in northeastern Arizona.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so.
A hut is a primitive dwelling, which may be constructed of various local materials.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
The Inkerman Monastery of St.
The Interior Plateau comprises a large region of the Interior of British Columbia, and lies between the Cariboo and Monashee Mountains on the east, and the Hazelton Mountains, Coast Mountains and Cascade Range on the west.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The is the time in Japanese prehistory, traditionally dated between 14,000–300 BCE, recently refined to about 1000 BCE, during which Japan was inhabited by a hunter-gatherer culture, which reached a considerable degree of sedentism and cultural complexity.
Jewish partisans were fighters in irregular military groups participating in the Jewish resistance movement against Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II.
Justinian I (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus; Flávios Pétros Sabbátios Ioustinianós; 482 14 November 565), traditionally known as Justinian the Great and also Saint Justinian the Great in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was the Eastern Roman emperor from 527 to 565.
Kaymakli Underground City (Turkish: Kaymaklı; Cappadocian Greek: Ανακού) is contained within the citadel of Kaymakli in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey.
A kiva is a room used by Puebloans for religious rituals and political meetings, many of them associated with the kachina belief system.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
The Loess Plateau, also known as the Huangtu Plateau, is a plateau located around the Wei River valley and the southern half of the Ordos Loop of the Yellow River in central China.
A log cabin is a dwelling constructed of logs, especially a less finished or architecturally sophisticated structure.
Mangup (Мангуп, Мангуп, Mangup) also known as Mangup Kale (kale means "fortress" in Turkish) is a historic fortress in Crimea, located on a plateau about 9 miles due east of Sevastopol (ancient Chersones).
The Manitou Cliff Dwellings are a group of relocated Anasazi ruins cliff dwellings and museums located just west of Colorado Springs, Colorado on U.S. Highway 24 in Manitou Springs.
Matera (or locally; Materano: Matàrë) is a city in the province of Matera in the region of Basilicata, in Southern Italy.
Matmata (مطماطة) is a small Berber speaking town in southern Tunisia.
The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).
Mesa Verde National Park is an American national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Montezuma County, Colorado.
Mogollon culture is an archaeological culture of Native American peoples from Southern New Mexico and Arizona, Northern Sonora and Chihuahua, and Western Texas, a region known as Oasisamerica.
National Historic Sites of Canada (Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) are places that have been designated by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC), as being of national historic significance.
An oval (from Latin ovum, "egg") is a closed curve in a plane which "loosely" resembles the outline of an egg.
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.
A partisan is a member of an irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation by some kind of insurgent activity.
The Pecos Classification is a chronological division of all known Ancestral Puebloans into periods based on changes in architecture, art, pottery, and cultural remains.
A pit-house (or pithouse) is a building that is partly dug into the ground, and covered by a roof.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
A quiggly hole, also known as a pit-house or simply as a quiggly or kekuli, is the remains of an earth lodge built by the First Nations people of the Interior of British Columbia and the Columbia Plateau in the U.S. The word quiggly comes from kick willy or keekwulee, the Chinook Jargon word for "beneath" or "under".
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Sassi di Matera are two districts (Sasso Caveoso and Sasso Barisano) of the Italian city of Matera, Basilicata, well-known for their ancient cave dwellings.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.
Skara Brae is a stone-built Neolithic settlement, located on the Bay of Skaill on the west coast of Mainland, the largest island in the Orkney archipelago of Scotland.
A smoke hole (smokehole, smoke-hole) is a hole in a roof for the smoke from a fire to vent.
Sod or turf is grass and the part of the soil beneath it held together by its roots or another piece of thin material.
The sod house or "soddy" was a successor to the log cabin during frontier settlement of Canada and the United States.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
Tufa is a variety of limestone formed when carbonate minerals precipitate out of ambient temperature water.
Underground living refers to living below the ground's surface, whether in naturally occurring caves or in built structures.
The Vampire dugout (known locally in Belgium as the Vampyr dugout), is a First World War underground shelter located near the Belgian village of Zonnebeke.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
White Cliffs is a small town in outback New South Wales in Australia, in Central Darling Shire.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A yaodong or "house cave" is a particular form of earth shelter dwelling common in the Loess Plateau in China's north.
The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I.
Zemlyanka (Russian or Землянка, ziemianka) is an Eastern Slavic name for a dugout or earth-house which was used to provide shelter for humans or domestic animals.