304 relations: A Drum Is a Woman, Abdullah Ibrahim, Academy Awards, Adelaide Hall, Al Hibbler, Al Jolson, Alice Babs, Amos 'n' Andy, Anatomy of a Murder, André Previn, Andy Razaf, Aniekan Udofia, Arthur Whetsol, Atlantic City, New Jersey, Barney Bigard, Barry Ulanov, Baseball, Bebop, Beggar's Holiday, Belle of the Nineties, Ben Webster, Benny Goodman, Berklee College of Music, Big band, Billie Holiday, Billy Strayhorn, Black and Tan (film), Black and Tan Fantasy, Black, Brown and Beige, Brunswick Records, Capitol Records, Caravan (1936 song), Carmen McRae, Carnegie Hall, Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, Central Park, Charles Ives, Charles Mingus, Charleston (dance), Charlie Chaplin, Check and Double Check, Chromatic scale, Clark Terry, Classical music, Claude Debussy, Claude Hopkins, Cliff Jackson (musician), Cocktails for Two, Coleman Hawkins, Columbia Records, ..., Columbia University, Constant Lambert, Cootie Williams, Cotton Club, Cotton Tail, Count Basie, Count Basie Orchestra, Creole Love Call, Dave Brubeck, Detroit Free Press, Deutscher Filmpreis, Diatonic scale, Digital Duke, Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue, Dirge, District of Columbia and United States Territories Quarters, Dizzy Gillespie, Dorothy Fields, Double bass, DownBeat, Duke Ellington at Fargo, 1940 Live, Duke Ellington Bridge, Duke Ellington Circle, Duke Ellington School of the Arts, Duke Ellington's Sacred Concerts, Dunbar High School (Washington, D.C.), Eartha Kitt, East St. Louis Toodle-Oo, Echoes of Harlem, Eddie Foy Jr., Edvard Grieg, Elizabeth II, Ella Fitzgerald, Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Song Book, Ellington '66, Ellington at Newport, Elmer Snowden, Essentially Ellington High School Jazz Band Competition and Festival, Eubie Blake, Fargo, North Dakota, Fats Waller, Fifth Avenue, Film score, Florenz Ziegfeld Jr., Foxtrot, Francis A. & Edward K., Frank Sinatra, Frankfurt, Frederick Delius, Freemasonry, French New Wave, Gary Giddins, Gennett Records, George Avakian, George Gershwin, George Wein, Get Up with It, Grammy Award, Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album, Grammy Hall of Fame, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, Grammy Trustees Award, Great American Songbook, Gunther Schuller, Gus Kahn, Gutman, Harlem, Harlem (Ellington), Harlem Renaissance, Harold Arlen, Harry S. Truman, Helen of Troy, Herb Jeffries, History of the Washington Senators (1901–60), Hoagy Carmichael, Hollywood Walk of Fame, Howard University, Impulse! Records, In a Sentimental Mood, Irving Mills, Irving Townsend, It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing), Ivie Anderson, Jack Towers, James "Bubber" Miley, James P. Johnson, James Stewart, Jazz, Jazz at Lincoln Center, Jet (magazine), Jim Crow laws, Jimmy Blanton, Jimmy Durante, Jimmy McHugh, Jo Stafford, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Coltrane, John Garfield, John Steinbeck, Johnny Hodges, Joseph Haydn, Juan Tizol, Jukebox, Kay Davis, King Oliver, Latin American Suite, Lawrence Brown (jazz trombonist), Legion of Honour, Lincolnton, North Carolina, List of people on the postage stamps of the United States, List of Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients, List of Songwriters Hall of Fame inductees, Louie Bellson, Louis Armstrong, Luckey Roberts, Lung cancer, Marian McPartland, Martin Williams (writer), Mary Lou Williams, Maurice Chevalier, Maurice Ravel, Max Roach, Mayan Theater, McHenry Boatwright, Mercer Ellington, Michael Langham, Mickey Rooney, Mildred Dixon, Miles Ahead (album), Miles Davis, Milton College, Molefi Kete Asante, Money Jungle, Monterey Jazz Festival, Mood Indigo, Murder at the Vanities, National Museum of American History, New Orleans Suite, New York (state), New York City, Newport Jazz Festival, Nicholas Ray, Northern Illinois University, Okeh Records, Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame, One-Step, Orchestral jazz, Orson Welles, Otto Hardwick, Otto Preminger, Paris Blues, Parlour music, Pathé Records, Paul Gonsalves, Paul Newman, Percy Grainger, Perdido (song), Philadelphia, Phonograph record, Play On!, Pneumonia, Pratt Institute, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Prince Hall Freemasonry, Pulitzer Prize, Pulitzer Prize for Music, Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards, Purdue University, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Quarter (United States coin), Racial segregation, Ragtime, Ralph J. Gleason, Ray Nance, Rent party, Reprise Records, Rex Stewart, Riverside Drive (Manhattan), Robert Graham (sculptor), Roseland Ballroom, Roulette Records, Royce Hall, Ruby Keeler, Sathima Bea Benjamin, Sheet music, Shuffle Along, Sidney Bechet, Sidney Poitier, Sir Duke, Slavery, Smithsonian Institution, Soda jerk, Sonny Greer, Sophisticated Ladies, Sophisticated Lady, Spanish Tinge, Spingarn Medal, Stan Kenton, Standard (music), Stanley Silverman, Stars and Stripes (newspaper), Steinway & Sons, Stereotype, Stevie Wonder, Stratford Festival, Stride (music), Sturgis, Michigan, Such Sweet Thunder, Symphony in Black, Take the "A" Train, Tango, Ted Koehler, The Boston Globe, The Bronx, The Daily Telegraph, The Ellington Suites, The Far East Suite, The Real Ambassadors, Theater District, Manhattan, Theodore Roosevelt, Time (magazine), Timon of Athens, Togo Brava Suite, Turner Layton, Two-step (dance move), United Artists Records, United States Mint, United States Navy, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Illinois Press, University of Southern California, Variety show, Victor Talking Machine Company, Waltz, WAMU, Washington, D.C., West End, Washington, D.C., Wilbur Sweatman, Will Marion Cook, Will Vodery, William Morris Agency, William Shakespeare, Willie "The Lion" Smith, Winfried Zillig, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York), Yale University, (In My) Solitude, ...And His Mother Called Him Bill, 100 Greatest African Americans, 110th Street (Manhattan), 1942–44 musicians' strike, 1999 Pulitzer Prize, 50 State Quarters. 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A Drum Is a Woman is a musical allegory by American pianist, composer and bandleader Duke Ellington and his long-time musical collaborator Billy Strayhorn.
Abdullah Ibrahim (born Adolph Johannes Brand on 9 October 1934 and formerly known as Dollar Brand) is a South African pianist and composer.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
Adelaide Louise Hall (20 October 1901 – 7 November 1993) was an American–born UK–based jazz singer and entertainer.
Albert George "Al" Hibbler (August 16, 1915 – April 24, 2001) was an American baritone vocalist, who sang with Duke Ellington's orchestra before having several pop hits as a solo artist.
Al or Albert Jolson (born Asa Yoelson; May 26, c.1886 – October 23, 1950) was an American singer, comedian, and stage and film actor.
Alice Babs (born Hildur Alice Nilson; 26 January 1924 – 11 February 2014) was a Swedish singer and actress.
Amos 'n' Andy is an American radio and television sitcom set in Harlem, Manhattan's historic black community.
Anatomy of a Murder is a 1959 American courtroom drama crime film produced and directed by Otto Preminger.
André George Previn, KBE (born Andreas Ludwig Priwin; April 6, 1929) is a German-American pianist, conductor, and composer.
Andy Razaf (December 16, 1895 – February 3, 1973) was an African-American poet, composer and lyricist of such well-known songs as "Ain't Misbehavin'" and "Honeysuckle Rose".
Aniekan Udofia (born 1976) is a portrait artist known for his large-scale paintings and murals in the Washington, D.C. area.
Arthur Parker Whetsel (February 22, 1905 – May 1, 1940) was an early "sweet" trumpeter for Duke Ellington's Washingtonians.
Atlantic City is a resort city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, known for its casinos, boardwalk, and beaches.
Albany Leon "Barney" Bigard (March 3, 1906 – June 27, 1980) was an American jazz clarinetist known for his 15-year tenure with Duke Ellington.
Barry Ulanov (April 10, 1918 – April 30, 2000) was an American writer, perhaps best known as a jazz critic.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.
Beggar's Holiday is a musical with a book and lyrics by John La Touche and music by Duke Ellington.
Belle of the Nineties (1934) is Mae West's fourth motion picture, directed by Leo McCarey and released by Paramount Pictures.
Benjamin Francis Webster (March 27, 1909 – September 20, 1973) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".
Berklee College of Music, located in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, is the largest independent college of contemporary music in the world.
A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section.
Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.
William Thomas "Billy" Strayhorn (November 29, 1915 – May 31, 1967) was an American jazz composer, pianist, lyricist, and arranger, best known for his successful collaboration with bandleader and composer Duke Ellington, lasting nearly three decades.
Black and Tan (1929) is a musical short film written and directed by Dudley Murphy about a couple in the performing arts; it is set during the contemporary Harlem Renaissance in New York City.
"Black and Tan Fantasy" is a 1927 jazz composition by Duke Ellington and Bubber Miley.
Black, Brown and Beige is an extended jazz work written by Duke Ellington for his first concert at Carnegie Hall, on January 23, 1943.
Brunswick Records is an American record label founded in 1916.
Capitol Records, Inc. is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint.
"Caravan" is a jazz standard that was composed by Juan Tizol and Duke Ellington and first performed by Ellington in 1936.
Carmen Mercedes McRae (April 8, 1922 – November 10, 1994) was an American jazz singer.
Carnegie Hall (but more commonly) is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east side of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park.
The Cathedral of Saint John the Divine is the cathedral of the Episcopal Diocese of New York.
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
Charles Edward Ives (October 20, 1874May 19, 1954) was an American modernist composer.
Charles Mingus Jr. (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz double bassist, pianist, composer and bandleader.
The Charleston is a dance named for the harbor city of Charleston, South Carolina.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Check and Double Check is a 1930 American pre-Code comedy film produced and released by RKO Radio Pictures and based on the top-rated Amos 'n' Andy radio show.
The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below its adjacent pitches.
Clark Virgil Terry Jr. (December 14, 1920 – February 21, 2015) was an American swing and bebop trumpeter, a pioneer of the flugelhorn in jazz, composer, educator, and NEA Jazz Masters inductee.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer.
Claude Driskett Hopkins (August 24, 1903 – February 19, 1984) was an American jazz stride pianist and bandleader.
Clifton Luther "Cliff" Jackson (July 19, 1902, Culpeper, Virginia – May 24, 1970, New York City) was an American jazz stride pianist.
"Cocktails for Two" is a song from the Big Band era, written by Arthur Johnston and Sam Coslow.
Coleman Randolph Hawkins (November 21, 1904 – May 19, 1969), nicknamed "Hawk" and sometimes "Bean", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Leonard Constant Lambert (23 August 190521 August 1951) was a British composer, conductor, and author.
Charles Melvin "Cootie" Williams (July 10, 1911 – September 15, 1985) was an American jazz, jump blues, and rhythm and blues trumpeter.
The Cotton Club was a New York City nightclub located in Harlem on 142nd Street and Lenox Avenue from 1923 to 1935, then briefly in the midtown Theater District from 1936 to 1940.
"Cotton Tail" is a 1940 composition by Duke Ellington.
William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.
The Count Basie Orchestra is a 16 to 18 piece big band, one of the most prominent jazz performing groups of the swing era, founded by Count Basie in 1935 and recording regularly from 1936.
"Creole Love Call" is a jazz standard, most associated with the Duke Ellington band and Adelaide Hall.
David Warren Brubeck (December 6, 1920 – December 5, 2012) was an American jazz pianist and composer, considered to be one of the foremost exponents of cool jazz.
The Detroit Free Press is the largest daily newspaper in Detroit, Michigan, US.
The Deutscher Filmpreis (German Film Awards, also called Lola Awards) is an annual German awards ceremony honouring cinematic achievements in the German film business.
In western music theory, a diatonic scale is a heptatonic scale that includes five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in each octave, in which the two half steps are separated from each other by either two or three whole steps, depending on their position in the scale.
Digital Duke is an album by Mercer Ellington and the Duke Ellington Orchestra that won the Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album in 1988.
"Diminuendo and Crescendo in Blue" is a big band jazz composition written in 1937 by Duke Ellington and recorded for the first time on May 15, 1937 by the Duke Ellington Orchestra, whose personnel were: Wallace Jones, Cootie Williams (trumpet), Rex Stewart (cornet), Barney Bigard (clarinet), Johnny Hodges, Otto Hardwick (alto saxophone), Laurence Brown, Joe Nanton (trombone), Harry Carney (clarinet, bass saxophone), Sonny Greer (drums), Wellmann Braud, Freddie Guy (guitar), and Duke Ellington (piano).
A dirge is a somber song or lament expressing mourning or grief, such as would be appropriate for performance at a funeral.
The District of Columbia and United States Territories Quarter Program was a one-year coin program of the United States Mint that saw quarters being minted in 2009 (Accessed 2009-01-09) to honor the District of Columbia and the unincorporated United States insular areas of Puerto Rico, Guam, United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands.
John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer.
Dorothy Fields (July 15, 1905 – March 28, 1974) was an American librettist and lyricist.
The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
DownBeat (stylized DOWNBEAT) is an American magazine devoted to "jazz, blues and beyond", the last word indicating its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively in previous years.
Duke Ellington at Fargo, 1940 Live is a live album by the Duke Ellington Orchestra that won the Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album in 1980.
The Duke Ellington Bridge, named after Duke Ellington, carries Calvert Street NW over Rock Creek in Washington, D.C., United States.
Duke Ellington Circle is a traffic circle located at the Northeast corner of Central Park at the foot of Fifth Avenue and of 110th Street in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
The Duke Ellington School of the Arts, (established 1974), is a high school located at 35th Street and R Street, Northwest, Washington, D.C., and dedicated to arts education.
In the last decade of his life, Duke Ellington wrote three Sacred Concerts.
Paul Laurence Dunbar High School is a public secondary school located in Washington, D.C., United States. The school is located in the Truxton Circle neighborhood of Northwest Washington, two blocks from the intersection of New Jersey and New York avenues. Dunbar, which serves grades 9 through 12, is a part of the District of Columbia Public Schools. From the early 20th century to the 1950s, Dunbar became known as the classical academic high school for black students in the segregated public schools. As all public school teachers were federal civil servants, its teachers received pay equal to that of white teachers in other schools in the district. It attracted high-quality faculty, many with advanced degrees, including doctorates. Parents sent their children to the high school from across the city because of its high standards. Many of its alumni graduated from top-quality colleges and universities, and gained professional degrees.
Eartha Kitt (January 17, 1927 – December 25, 2008) was an American singer, actress, dancer, activist and comedian, known for her highly distinctive singing style and her 1953 recordings of "C'est si bon" and the enduring Christmas novelty smash "Santa Baby", which were both US Top 10 hits.
"East St Louis Toodle-Oo" (also "Toodle-O") is a composition written by Duke Ellington and Bubber Miley and recorded several times by Ellington for various labels from 1926-1930 under various titles.
Echoes of Harlem, also known as " Cootie's Concerto ", is a 1936 composition by Duke Ellington.
Edwin Fitzgerald Jr. (February 4, 1905 - July 15, 1983), known professionally as Eddie Foy Jr., was an American stage, film, and television actor.
Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 18434 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella.
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Song Book is a 1957 studio album by the American jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald, accompanied by Duke Ellington and his orchestra, focusing on Ellington's songs.
Ellington '66 is an album by American pianist, composer, and bandleader Duke Ellington that was recorded and released on the Reprise label in 1965.
Ellington at Newport is a 1956 live jazz album by Duke Ellington and his band of their 1956 concert at the Newport Jazz Festival, a concert which revitalized Ellington's flagging career.
Elmer Chester Snowden (October 9, 1900 – May 14, 1973) was a banjo player of the jazz age.
The Essentially Ellington High School Jazz Band Competition & Festival is an annual high school jazz festival and competition that takes place every May at Jazz at Lincoln Center (JALC) in New York City.
James Hubert Blake (February 7, 1887February 12, 1983), known as Eubie Blake, was an American composer, lyricist, and pianist of ragtime, jazz, and popular music.
Fargo is the most populous city in the state of North Dakota, accounting for nearly 16% of the state population.
Thomas Wright "Fats" Waller (May 21, 1904 – December 15, 1943) was an American jazz pianist, organist, composer, singer, and comedic entertainer.
Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States.
A film score (also sometimes called background score, background music, film soundtrack, film music, or incidental music) is original music written specifically to accompany a film.
Florenz Edward Ziegfeld Jr. (March 21, 1867 – July 22, 1932), popularly known as Flo Ziegfeld, was an American Broadway impresario, notable for his series of theatrical revues, the Ziegfeld Follies (1907–1931), inspired by the Folies Bergère of Paris.
The foxtrot is a smooth, progressive dance characterized by long, continuous flowing movements across the dance floor.
Francis A. & Edward K. is a 1968 studio album by Frank Sinatra with Duke Ellington and his big band.
Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Frederick Theodore Albert Delius, CH (29 January 186210 June 1934) was an English composer.
Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons, which from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients.
New Wave (La Nouvelle Vague) is often referred to as one of the most influential movements in the history of cinema.
Gary Giddins (born March 21, 1948) is an American jazz and film critic, author, and director, best known for his longtime work with The Village Voice.
Gennett (pronounced with a soft G) was an American record company and label in Richmond, Indiana, which flourished in the 1920s.
George Mesrop Avakian (Геворк Авакян; March 15, 1919 – November 22, 2017) was an American record producer, artist manager, writer, educator and executive.
George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.
George Wein (born October 3, 1925) is an American jazz promoter and producer who has been called "the most famous jazz impresario" and "the most important non-player...
Get Up with It is a compilation album by American jazz musician Miles Davis.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album has been presented since 1961.
The Grammy Hall of Fame is a hall of fame to honor musical recordings of lasting qualitative or historical significance.
The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by The Recording Academy to "performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording." This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and the Grammy Trustees Award, which honors non-performers.
The Grammy Trustees Award is awarded by The Recording Academy to "individuals who, during their careers in music, have made significant contributions, other than performance, to the field of recording".
The Great American Songbook, also known as "American Standards", is the canon of the most important and influential American popular songs and jazz standards from the early 20th century.
Gunther Alexander Schuller (November 22, 1925June 21, 2015) was an American composer, conductor, horn player, author, historian and jazz musician.
Gustav Gerson Kahn (November 6, 1886October 8, 1941) was an American lyricist.
Gutman is a surname.
Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Harlem is a symphonic jazz composition by the American composer Duke Ellington.
The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.
Harold Arlen (born Hyman Arluck; February 15, 1905 – April 23, 1986) was an American composer of popular music who composed over 500 songs, a number of which have become known worldwide.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, or simply Helen, was said to have been the most beautiful woman in the world, who was married to King Menelaus of Sparta, but was kidnapped by Prince Paris of Troy, resulting in the Trojan War when the Achaeans set out to reclaim her and bring her back to Sparta.
Herb Jeffries (born Umberto Alexander Valentino; September 24, 1913 – May 25, 2014) was an African-American actor of film and television and popular music and jazz singer-songwriter, known of his baritone voice.
The Washington Senators baseball team was one of the American League's eight charter franchises.
Hoagland Howard "Hoagy" Carmichael (November 22, 1899 – December 27, 1981) was an American composer, pianist, singer, actor, and bandleader.
The Hollywood Walk of Fame comprises more than 2,600 five-pointed terrazzo and brass stars embedded in the sidewalks along 15 blocks of Hollywood Boulevard and three blocks of Vine Street in Hollywood, California.
Howard University (HU or simply Howard) is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university (HBCU) in Washington, D.C. It is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with higher research activity and is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
Impulse! Records is an American jazz record company and label established by Creed Taylor in 1960.
"In a Sentimental Mood" is a jazz composition by Duke Ellington that is also performed as a song.
Irving Harold Mills (né Isadore Minsky; 16 January 1894 in Odessa, Ukraine – 21 April 1985 in Palm Springs, California) was an American music publisher, musician, lyricist, and jazz artist promoter.
Irving Townsend (1920–1981) was an American record producer and author.
It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing) is a 1931 composition by Duke Ellington, whose lyrics were written by Irving Mills.
Ivie Anderson (sometimes Ivy) (July 10, 1905 – December 28, 1949) was an American jazz singer.
Jack Towers (November 15, 1914 – December 23, 2010Matt Schudel. "". Washington Post. 28 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.) was in charge of radio broadcasting at the U.S. Department of Agriculture from 1952 to 1974 and became a noted remastering engineer of musical recordings after his retirement.
James Wesley "Bubber" Miley (April 3, 1903 – May 20, 1932) was an American early jazz trumpet and cornet player, specializing in the use of the plunger mute.
James Price Johnson (February 1, 1894 – November 17, 1955) was an American pianist and composer.
James Maitland Stewart (May 20, 1908July 2, 1997) was an American actor and military officer who is among the most honored and popular stars in film history.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz at Lincoln Center is part of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City.
Jet is a magazine, currently in digital format, marketed to African-American readers.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
James Blanton (October 5, 1918 – July 30, 1942) was an American jazz double bassist.
James Francis Durante (February 10, 1893 – January 29, 1980) was an American singer, pianist, comedian, and actor.
James Francis McHugh (July 10, 1894 – May 23, 1969) was an American composer.
Jo Elizabeth Stafford (November 12, 1917July 16, 2008) was an American traditional pop music singer and occasional actress, whose career spanned five decades from the late 1930s to the early 1980s.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
John William Coltrane, also known as "Trane" (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967),.
John Garfield (born Jacob Julius Garfinkle, March 4, 1913 – May 21, 1952) was an American actor who played brooding, rebellious, working-class characters.
John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. --> (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was an American author.
John Cornelius Hodges (July 25, 1907 – May 11, 1970) was an American alto saxophonist, best known for solo work with Duke Ellington's big band.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Juan Tizol Martínez (22 January 1900 – 23 April 1984) was a Puerto Rican trombonist and composer.
A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that will play a patron's selection from self-contained media.
Katherine McDonald Wimp née Katherine McDonald stage name Kay Davis (December 5, 1920 – January 27, 2012 in Apopka, Florida) was an American jazz singer best known for her time with the orchestra of Duke Ellington.
Joseph Nathan Oliver (December 19, 1885 – April 10, 1938) better known as King Oliver or Joe Oliver, was an American jazz cornet player and bandleader.
Latin American Suite is a studio album by American pianist, composer and bandleader Duke Ellington mainly recorded in 1968, with one track completed in 1970, and released on the Fantasy label in 1972.
Lawrence Brown (August 3, 1907 – September 5, 1988) was a jazz trombonist from California who achieved recognition with the Duke Ellington orchestra.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Lincolnton is a small city in Lincoln County, North Carolina, United States, within the Charlotte metropolitan area.
This article lists people who have been featured on United States postage stamps, listed by their name, the year they were first featured on a stamp, and a very short description of their notability.
This is an alphabetized, partial list of recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, grouped by the aspect of life in which they are/were renowned.
The Songwriters Hall of Fame was founded in 1969 by songwriter Johnny Mercer and music publishers Abe Olman and Howie Richmond to honor those whose work represents a spectrum of the most beloved songs from the world's popular music songbook.
Luigi Paulino Alfredo Francesco Antonio Balassoni (July 6, 1924 – February 14, 2009), known by the stage name Louie Bellson (his own preferred spelling, although he is often seen in sources as Louis Bellson), was an American jazz drummer.
Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.
Charles Luckyth Roberts (August 7, 1887 – February 5, 1968), better known as Luckey Roberts, was an African American composer and stride pianist who worked in the jazz, ragtime, and blues styles.
Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.
Margaret Marian McPartland, OBE (née Turner;Hasson, Claire,. PhD Thesis. Retrieved 12 August 2008. 20 March 1918 – 20 August 2013), was an English-American jazz pianist, composer and writer.
Martin Tudor Hansford Williams (9 August 1924, Richmond, Virginia – 11 or 12 April 1992) was an American jazz critic and writer.
Mary Lou Williams (born Mary Elfrieda Scruggs; May 8, 1910 – May 28, 1981) was an American jazz pianist, arranger, and composer.
Maurice Auguste Chevalier (September 12, 1888 – January 1, 1972) was a French actor, cabaret singer and entertainer.
Joseph Maurice Ravel (7 March 1875 – 28 December 1937) was a French composer, pianist and conductor.
Maxwell Lemuel Roach (January 10, 1924 – August 16, 2007) was an American jazz drummer and composer.
The Mayan Theater in Los Angeles, California, is a landmark former movie palace.
John McHenry Boatwright (February 29, 1928November 5, 1994) was an American operatic bass-baritone and singing teacher.
Mercer Kennedy Ellington (March 11, 1919 – February 8, 1996) was an American musician, composer, and arranger.
Michael Seymour Langham (22 August 1919 – 15 January 2011) was an English director and actor, who spent much of his career living and working in Canada and the United States.
Mickey Rooney (born Joseph Yule Jr.; September 23, 1920 – April 6, 2014) was an American actor, vaudevillian, comedian, producer and radio personality.
Mildred Dixon (November 21, 1904 –September 18, 2001) was a dancer at the Cotton Club in Harlem who became a longtime companion of composer and musician Duke Ellington, and manager of his company.
Miles Ahead is an album by Miles Davis that was released in 1957 by Columbia Records.
Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
Milton College was a private college located in Milton, Wisconsin.
Molefi Kete Asante (born Arthur Lee Smith Jr.; August 14, 1942) is an African-American professor.
Money Jungle is a studio album by pianist Duke Ellington with double bassist Charles Mingus and drummer Max Roach.
The Monterey Jazz Festival (MJF), in Monterey, California, is one of the world's longest consecutively running jazz festivals.
"Mood Indigo" (1930) is a jazz composition and song, with music by Duke Ellington and Barney Bigard with lyrics by Irving Mills.
Murder at the Vanities is a 1934 American Pre-Code musical film based on the 1933 Broadway musical with music by Victor Young.
The National Museum of American History: Kenneth E. Behring Center collects, preserves, and displays the heritage of the United States in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific, and military history.
New Orleans Suite is the eighth studio album by American pianist, composer, and bandleader Duke Ellington recorded and released on the Atlantic label in 1970.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The Newport Jazz Festival is a music festival held every summer in Newport, Rhode Island.
Nicholas Ray (born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle Jr., August 7, 1911 – June 16, 1979) was an American film director best known for the movie Rebel Without a Cause. Ray is also appreciated for a large number of narrative features produced between 1947 and 1963 including Bigger Than Life, Johnny Guitar, They Live by Night, and In a Lonely Place, as well as an experimental work produced throughout the 1970s titled We Can't Go Home Again, which was unfinished at the time of Ray's death from lung cancer.
Northern Illinois University (NIU) is a public research university in DeKalb, Illinois, United States, with satellite centers in Chicago, Hoffman Estates, Naperville, Rockford, and Oregon.
Okeh Records is an American record label founded by the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corporation, a phonograph supplier established in 1916, which branched out into phonograph records in 1918.
The Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame, located in Tulsa, Oklahoma, is a non-profit organization that honors jazz, blues and gospel musicians in the state of Oklahoma.
The One-Step was a ballroom dance popular in social dancing at the beginning of the 20th century.
Orchestral jazz is a jazz genre that developed in New York City in the 1920s.
George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film.
Otto James "Toby" Hardwicke (May 31, 1904 – August 5, 1970) was a saxophone player associated with Duke Ellington.
Otto Ludwig Preminger (5 December 1905 – 23 April 1986) was an American theatre and film director, originally from Austria-Hungary.
Paris Blues is a 1961 American feature film made on location in Paris, starring Sidney Poitier as expatriate jazz saxophonist Eddie Cook, and Paul Newman as trombone-playing Ram Bowen.
Parlour music is a type of popular music which, as the name suggests, is intended to be performed in the parlours of middle-class homes by amateur singers and pianists.
Pathé Records was a France-based international record company and label and producer of phonographs, active from the 1890s through the 1930s.
Paul Gonsalves (–) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist best known for his association with Duke Ellington.
Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, voice actor, film director, producer, race car driver, IndyCar owner, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and activist.
George Percy Aldridge Grainger (8 July 188220 February 1961) was an Australian-born composer, arranger and pianist.
"Perdido" is a jazz standard composed by Juan Tizol and was first recorded on December 3, 1941 by Duke Ellington.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
Play On! is a musical adaptation of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, featuring the music of Duke Ellington, with a book by Cheryl L. West.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Pratt Institute is a private, nonsectarian, non-profit institution of higher learning located in the Clinton Hill neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, United States, with a satellite campus located at 14th Street in Manhattan and an extension campus in Utica, New York (Pratt MWP).
The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional Gold Medal—the highest civilian award of the United States.
Prince Hall Freemasonry is a branch of North American Freemasonry founded by Prince Hall on September 29, 1784 and composed predominantly of African Americans.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
The Pulitzer Prize for Music is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music.
The Pulitzer Prize jury has the option of awarding special citations and awards where they consider necessary.
Purdue University is a public research university in West Lafayette, Indiana and is the flagship campus of the Purdue University system.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Often "Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky" in English.
The quarter, short for quarter dollar, is a United States coin worth 25 cents, one-fourth of a dollar.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.
Ralph Joseph Gleason (March 1, 1917 – June 3, 1975) was an American jazz and popular music critic.
Ray Willis Nance (December 10, 1913, in Chicago – January 28, 1976, in New York City) was a jazz trumpeter, violinist and singer.
A rent party (sometimes called a house party) is a social occasion where tenants hire a musician or band to play and pass the hat to raise money to pay their rent, originating in Harlem during the 1920s.
Reprise Records is an American record label founded in 1960 by Frank Sinatra.
Rex William Stewart (February 22, 1907 – September 7, 1967) was an American jazz cornetist best remembered for his work with the Duke Ellington orchestra.
Riverside Drive is a scenic north-south thoroughfare in the Manhattan borough of New York City.
Robert Graham (August 19, 1938 – December 27, 2008) was Mexican-born, American sculptor based in the state of California in the United States.
The Roseland Ballroom was a multipurpose hall, in a converted ice skating rink, with a colorful ballroom dancing pedigree, in New York City's theater district, on West 52nd Street in Manhattan.
Roulette Records was an American record company and label founded in 1957 by George Goldner, Joe Kolsky, Morris Levy and Phil Kahl, with creative control given to producers and songwriters Hugo Peretti and Luigi Creatore.
Royce Hall is a building on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
Ethel Ruby Keeler (August 25, 1909 – February 28, 1993) billed professionally as Ruby Keeler, was a Canadian-born American actress, dancer and singer most famous for her on-screen pairing with Dick Powell in a string of successful early musicals at Warner Brothers, particularly 42nd Street (1933).
Beatrice "Sathima Bea" Benjamin (17 October 1936 – 20 August 2013) was a South African vocalist and composer, based for nearly 45 years in New York City.
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
Shuffle Along is a musical with music and lyrics by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake, and a thin revue-style connecting plot about a mayoral race, written by Flournoy Miller and Aubrey Lyles.
Sidney Bechet (May 14, 1897 – May 14, 1959) was an African American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer.
Sir Sidney Poitier, (born February 20, 1927) is a Bahamian-American actor, film director, author, and diplomat.
"Sir Duke" is a song composed and performed by Stevie Wonder, from his 1976 album Songs in the Key of Life.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
A soda jerk (or soda jerker) is a person—typically a youth—who operates the soda fountain in a drugstore, often for the purpose of preparing and serving flavored soda water or an ice cream soda.
Sonny Greer (December 13, 1895 – March 23, 1982) was an American jazz drummer and vocalist, best known for his work with Duke Ellington.
Sophisticated Ladies is a musical revue based on the music of Duke Ellington.
"Sophisticated Lady" is a jazz standard, composed as an instrumental in 1932 by Duke Ellington.
The phrase Spanish tinge is a reference to an Afro-Latin rhythmic touch that spices up the more conventional rhythms commonly used in jazz and pop music.
The Spingarn Medal is awarded annually by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for outstanding achievement by an African American.
Stanley Newcomb Kenton (December 15, 1911 – August 25, 1979) was an American popular music and jazz artist.
In music, a standard is a musical composition of established popularity, considered part of the "standard repertoire" of one or several genres.
Stanley Silverman (born July 5, 1938 in New York City) is an American composer, arranger, conductor and guitarist.
Stars and Stripes is an American military newspaper that focuses and reports on matters concerning the members of the United States Armed Forces.
Steinway & Sons, also known as Steinway, is an American-German piano company, founded in 1853 in Manhattan, New York City, the United States, by German piano builder Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg (later known as Henry E. Steinway).
In social psychology, a stereotype is an over-generalized belief about a particular category of people.
Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
The Stratford Festival is an internationally recognized annual repertory theatre festival which operates from April to October in the city of Stratford, Ontario, Canada.
Harlem Stride Piano, stride piano, commonly abbreviated to stride, is a jazz piano style that was developed in the large cities of the East Coast of the United States, mainly New York City, during the 1920s and 1930s.
Sturgis is a city in St. Joseph County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Such Sweet Thunder is a Duke Ellington album, released in 1957.
Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life is a nine-and-a-half minute musical short produced in 1935 that features Duke Ellington’s early extended piece, "A Rhapsody of Negro Life".
"Take the 'A' Train" is a jazz standard by Billy Strayhorn that was the signature tune of the Duke Ellington orchestra.
Tango is a partner dance which originated in the 1880s along the River Plate (Río de Plata), the natural border between Argentina and Uruguay.
Ted L. Koehler (July 14, 1894 – January 17, 1973) was an American lyricist.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U.S. state of New York.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Ellington Suites is an album by American pianist, composer, and bandleader Duke Ellington which collects three suites recorded in 1959, 1971, and 1972 released on the Pablo label in 1976.
The Far East Suite is an album by Duke Ellington that won the Grammy Award in 1968 for Best Instrumental Jazz Performance – Large Group or Soloist with Large Group.
The Real Ambassadors is a jazz musical developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s by Dave and Iola Brubeck, in collaboration with Louis Armstrong and his band.
New York City's Theater District (sometimes spelled Theatre District, and officially zoned as the "Theater Subdistrict") is an area in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theaters are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants, hotels, and other places of entertainment.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Timon of Athens (The Life of Tymon of Athens) is a play by William Shakespeare, published in the First Folio (1623) and probably written in collaboration with another author, most likely Thomas Middleton, in about 1605–1606.
Togo Brava Suite is an album by American pianist, composer, and bandleader Duke Ellington.
Turner Layton (July 2, 1894 – February 6, 1978), born John Turner Layton, Jr., was an African-American songwriter, singer and pianist.
The two-step is a step found in various dances, including many folk dances.
United Artists Records was a record label founded by Max E. Youngstein of United Artists in 1957 to issue movie soundtracks.
The United States Mint is the agency that produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce, as well as controlling the movement of bullion.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
The University of Illinois Press (UIP) is a major American university press and is part of the University of Illinois system.
The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California.
Variety shows, also known as variety arts or variety entertainment, is entertainment made up of a variety of acts including musical performances, sketch comedy, magic, acrobatics, juggling, and ventriloquism.
The Victor Talking Machine Company was an American record company and phonograph manufacturer headquartered in Camden, New Jersey.
The waltz is a ballroom and folk dance, normally in time, performed primarily in closed position.
WAMU (88.5 FM) is a public news/talk station that services the greater Washington, D.C. metropolitan area.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The West End is a neighborhood in the Northwest quadrant of Washington, D.C., bounded by K Street to the south, Rock Creek Park to the west and north, and New Hampshire Avenue and 21st Street to the east.
Wilbur Coleman Sweatman (February 7, 1882 – March 9, 1961) was an African-American ragtime and dixieland jazz composer, bandleader, and clarinetist.
William Mercer Cook (January 27, 1869 – July 19, 1944), better known as Will Marion Cook, was an African-American composer and violinist from the United States.
Will Vodery (October 8, 1885 – November 18, 1951) was an African-American composer, conductor, orchestrator, and arranger, and one of the few black Americans of his time to make a name for himself as a composer on Broadway, working largely for Florenz Ziegfeld.
The William Morris Agency (also known as WMA) was a Hollywood-based talent agency.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
William Henry Joseph Bonaparte Bertholoff Smith (November 25, 1897 – April 18, 1973), also known as "The Lion", was an American jazz pianist and one of the masters of the stride style, usually grouped with James P. Johnson and Thomas "Fats" Waller as the three greatest practitioners of the genre in its golden age, from about 1920 to 1943.
Winfried Zillig (1 April 1905 – 18 December 1963) was a German composer, music theorist, and conductor.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in New York City and is a designated National Historic Landmark.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
"(In My) Solitude" is a 1934 jazz standard, composed by Duke Ellington, with lyrics by Eddie DeLange and Irving Mills.
...And His Mother Called Him Bill is the seventh() studio album by Duke Ellington.
100 Greatest African Americans is a biographical dictionary of one hundred historically great Black Americans (in alphabetical order; that is, they are not ranked), as assessed by Temple University professor Molefi Kete Asante in 2002.
110th Street is a street in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
On August 1, 1942, the American Federation of Musicians, at the instigation of union president James Petrillo, began a strike against the major American recording companies because of disagreements over royalty payments.
The Pulitzer Prizes for 1999 were announced on April 12, 1999.
The 50 State Quarters Program was the release of a series of circulating commemorative coins by the United States Mint.
Duke Elington, Duke Ellington Band, Duke Ellington Orchestra, Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra, Duke Ellington and His Orchestra, Duke ellington, Edna Thompson, Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington, Edward Kennedy Ellington, Mood Ellington, The Duke Ellington Orchestra.