466 relations: Abdul Haris Nasution, Aceh, Aceh Besar Regency, Aceh War, Agam Regency, Albert Aalbers, Alexander Evert Kawilarang, Alfred Russel Wallace, Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, Archaeology, Arnhem, Art Deco, Asahan Regency, Asahan Sultanate, Asia, Australia, Badung Regency, Bali, Bandung, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung Regency, Bangka Belitung Islands, Bangka Island, Bangkalan Regency, Banjar Regency, Banjarmasin, Banjarmasin War, Banjarnegara Regency, Bantaeng Regency, Banten, Bantul Regency, Banyumas Regency, Banyuwangi Regency, Barito Kuala Regency, Basuki Abdullah, Batak, Batak languages, Batang Regency, Batavia, Dutch East Indies, Batavian Republic, Batik, Battle of Waterloo, Bekasi Regency, Belitung, Bengkalis Regency, Bengkulu, Bima Sultanate, Binjai, Bird's Head Peninsula, Black and white, ..., Black pepper, Blitar, Blitar Regency, Blora Regency, Bogor, Bogor Botanical Gardens, Bogor Regency, Bojonegoro Regency, Bondowoso Regency, Bone Regency, Borneo, Botany, Boven-Digoel, Boyolali Regency, Bread, Brebes Regency, British Malaya, Bronbeek, Buddhism, Budi Utomo, Bukittinggi, Buleleng Regency, Buton, Butter, Cash crop, Caste, Central Hulu Sungai Regency, Central Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi, Central Tapanuli Regency, Chairil Anwar, Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker, Cheese, Chinese Indonesians, Chinese language, Christiaan Eijkman, Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, Christianity, Ciamis Regency, Cianjur Regency, Cilacap Regency, Cinnamon, Cirebon, Cirebon Regency, City of Brisbane, Clove, Cocoa bean, Coffee, Colony, Commander-in-chief, Congress of Vienna, Copra, Deli Company, Deli Serdang Regency, Demak Regency, Dinosaur, Donggala Regency, Dutch Caribbean, Dutch Celebes, Dutch cuisine, Dutch East India Company, Dutch East India Company in Indonesia, Dutch East Indies campaign, Dutch Empire, Dutch Ethical Policy, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch India, Dutch Indies literature, Dutch intervention in Bali (1849), Dutch intervention in Bali (1906), Dutch intervention in Bali (1908), Dutch intervention in Lombok and Karangasem, Dutch intervention in northern Bali (1846), Dutch intervention in northern Bali (1848), Dutch language, Dutch Reformed Church, Dutch-language literature, Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference, E. du Perron, East Aceh Regency, East Indies, East Kalimantan, East Nusa Tenggara, East Sumatra, Empire of Japan, Ethnography, Eugène Dubois, European History Online, Fernand Braudel, First French Empire, Flores, Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn, Freemasonry in Indonesia, Garut Regency, Gorontalo, Gorontalo (city), Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, Gowa Regency, Great Depression, Grobogan Regency, Groote Oost, Gunung Kidul Regency, Henri Maclaine Pont, Herman Willem Daendels, Hinduism, History, Hotel des Indes (Batavia), Indo people, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Indonesian National Armed Forces, Indonesian National Awakening, Indonesian National Revolution, Indos in colonial history, Indragiri Hulu Regency, Indramayu Regency, Industrialisation, Irrigation, Islam, Jacob Nienhuys, Jakarta, Jakarta Art Building, Jambi, Jan Willem Janssens, Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies, Java, Java Man, Java War, Javanese language, Javanese people, Jember Regency, Jepara Regency, Johannes Elias Teijsmann, Johannes van den Bosch, Jombang Regency, Journal of Genocide Research, Juliana of the Netherlands, K. 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Abdul Haris Nasution (3 December 1918 – 6 September 2000) was an Indonesian general who was twice appointed Army Chief of Staff and who escaped an assassination attempt during the 1965 coup attempt by 30 September Movement.
Aceh; (Acehnese: Acèh; Jawoë:; Dutch: Atjeh or Aceh) is a province of Indonesia.
Aceh Besar Regency is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) of Aceh Special Territory (daerah istimewa), Indonesia.
The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.
Agam is a regency of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Albert Frederik Aalbers (December 13, 1897 – 1961) was a Dutch architect who created elegant villas, hotels and office buildings in Bandung, Indonesia under Dutch colonial rule in the 1930s.
Alexander Evert Kawilarang (23 February 1920 – 6 June 2000) was an Indonesian freedom fighter, military commander, and founder of Kesko TT, what would become the Indonesian special forces unit Kopassus.
Alfred Russel Wallace (8 January 18237 November 1913) was an English naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist, and biologist.
The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, also known as the Treaty of London, was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands in London on 17 March 1824.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Asahan Regency is a regency in North Sumatra, Indonesia.
The Sultanate of Asahan was a Malay sultanate from approximately 1630 AD until 1946 AD.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Badung is a regency of Bali, Indonesia.
Bali (Balinese:, Indonesian: Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia with the biggest Hindu population.
Bandung (Sundanese:, Bandung, formerly Dutch: Bandoeng), is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and Greater Bandung made up of 2 municipalities and 38 districts, making it Indonesia's 2nd largest metropolitan area with over 8.5 millions inhabitants listed in the 2015 Badan Pusat Statistik data.
The Bandung Institute of Technology or Institute of Technology, Bandung (Institut Teknologi Bandung, abbreviated as ITB) is a state, coeducational research university located in Bandung, Indonesia.
Bandung Regency (Kabupaten Bandung, often referred to as the Bandung District) is an administrative regency located to the south, southeast and east of the city of Bandung.
The Bangka Belitung Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Bangka Belitung), is a province of Indonesia, previously a part of South Sumatra Province.
Bangka (or sometimes Banka) is an island lying east of Sumatra, administratively part of Sumatra, Indonesia, with a population of about 1 million.
Bangkalan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java province in Indonesia.
Banjar Regency is one of the nine regencies in the Indonesian province of South Kalimantan; the capital is Martapura.
Banjarmasin (also known as Bandjermasin or Bandjarmasin) is the capital of South Kalimantan, Indonesia.
The Banjarmasin War (in old spelling Bandjermasin War, Dutch "Expeditie naar de Zuider- en Oosterafdeling van Borneo") (1859–1863) was a colonial war for the restoration of Dutch authority in the eastern and southern section of Borneo.
Banjarnegara (ꦧꦚ꧀ꦗꦂꦤꦼꦒꦫ) is a regency (kabupaten) in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Bantaeng Regency (Kabupaten Bantaeng; ᨀᨅᨘᨄᨈᨙ ᨅᨈᨕᨙᨂ) is a regency of South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Banten is the westernmost province on the island of Java, in Indonesia.
Bantul is a regency located in the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia.
Banyumas (ꦧꦚꦸꦩꦱ꧀, formerly spelt "Banjoemas") Regency is a regency (kabupaten) in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Banyuwangi Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java province in Indonesia.
Barito Kuala Regency is one of the regencies in the Indonesian province of South Kalimantan.
Basuki Abdullah (25 January 1915 in Surakarta, Central Java – 5 November 1993 in Jakarta) was an Indonesian painter and a convert to Roman Catholicism from Islam.
Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of closely related Austronesian ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia who speak Batak languages.
The Batak languages are spoken by the Batak people of North Sumatra, Indonesia.
Batang (ꦧꦠꦁ) is a regency (kabupaten) on the north coast of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Batavia was the name of the capital city of the Dutch East Indies that corresponds to the present-day Central Jakarta.
The Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek; République Batave) was the successor of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
Batik (Javanese: ꦧꦠꦶꦏ꧀) is a technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to whole cloth, or cloth made using this technique originated from Indonesia.
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Bekasi Regency (ᮊᮘᮥᮕᮒᮦᮔ᮪ ᮘᮨᮊᮞᮤ) is a Regency (kabupaten) of West Java Province, Indonesia.
Belitung (or in English, Billiton) is an island on the east coast of Sumatra, Indonesia in the Java Sea.
Bengkalis Regency is a regency of Indonesia in the Riau province.
Bengkulu, historically known as Bencoolen or British Bencoolen, is one of the Provinces of Indonesia and is located in the southwest coast of Sumatra.
The Sultanate of Bima was a Muslim state in the eastern part of Sumbawa in Indonesia, at the site of the present-day regency of Bima.
Binjai (Jawi), formally Kota Binjai, is an independent city in the North Sumatra province of Indonesia, and is bordered by Deli Serdang Regency to the east and Langkat Regency to the west.
The Bird's Head Peninsula (Indonesian: Kepala Burung, Vogelkop) or Doberai Peninsula is a large peninsula that makes up the northwest portion of the island of New Guinea and the major part of the Province of West Papua, Indonesia.
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
Blitar is a city in East Java, Indonesia, about 73 km from Malang and 167 km from Surabaya.
Blitar Regency is a regency in East Java, Indonesia.
Blora (ꦧ꧀ꦭꦺꦴꦫ) is a regency in the northeastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Bogor (Sundanese: ᮘᮧᮌᮧᮁ, Dutch: Buitenzorg) is a city in the West Java province, Indonesia.
The Bogor Botanical Gardens (Kebun Raya Bogor) is a botanical garden located in Bogor, Indonesia, 60 km south of Jakarta.
Bogor Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Bogor) is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia, south of DKI Jakarta.
Bojonegoro Regency (Kabupaten Bojonegoro, older spelling is Kabupaten Bodjanegara) is a regency in East Java, Indonesia, about 110 km west of Surabaya.
Bondowoso Regency is a regency in East Java, Indonesia.
Bone Regency is a regency of South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Borneo (Pulau Borneo) is the third largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
Boven-Digoel was a Dutch prison camp in the Dutch East Indies at the headwaters of the river Digul, where Indonesian nationalists and communists were interned between 1928 and 1942.
Boyolali (Don't forget) is a regency (kabupaten) in the eastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking.
For the capital of this regency see Brebes, Brebes Brebes (ꦧꦽꦧꦼꦱ꧀) is a regency (kabupaten) in the northwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
Bronbeek is a former Royal palace in Arnhem, Netherlands.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Budi Utomo (Dutch: Boedi Oetomo), meaning "Prime Philosophy", was the first native political society in the Dutch East Indies.
Bukittinggi (Kota Bukittinggi, Bukittinggi, Jawi), is the third largest city in West Sumatra, Indonesia, with a population of over 124,000 people and an area of 25.24 km².
For the district see Buleleng, Bali Buleleng is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali, Indonesia.
Buton (also Butung, Boeton or Button), is an island in Indonesia located off the southeast peninsula of Sulawesi.
Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% butterfat (in commercial products) which is solid when chilled and at room temperature in some regions and liquid when warmed.
A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.
Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, customary social interaction, and exclusion.
Central Hulu Sungai Regency is one of the nine regencies in the Indonesian province of South Kalimantan.
Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah), is a province of Indonesia.
Central Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Tengah) is a province of Indonesia located at the centre of the island of Sulawesi.
Central Tapanuli Regency (Tapanuli Tengah in Indonesia) is a regency in North Sumatra province, Sumatra, Indonesia.
Chairil Anwar (26 July 1922 – 28 April 1949) was an Indonesian poet and member of the "1945 Generation" of writers.
Charles Prosper Wolff Schoemaker (25 July 1882 – 22 May 1949) was a Dutch architect who designed several distinguished Art Deco buildings in Bandung, Indonesia, including the Villa Isola and Hotel Preanger.
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Christiaan Eijkman (11 August 1858 – 5 November 1930) was a Dutch physician and professor of physiology whose demonstration that beriberi is caused by poor diet led to the discovery of antineuritic vitamins (thiamine).
Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (8 February 1857 – 26 June 1936) was a Dutch scholar of Oriental cultures and languages and Advisor on Native Affairs to the colonial government of the Netherlands East Indies (now Indonesia).
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Ciamis Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Ciamis, Sundanese) is an inland regency in West Java, Indonesia, and shares a provincial border with Central Java.
Cianjur Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia.
Cilacap Regency (ꦏꦨꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦕꦶꦭꦕꦥ꧀, also spelt: Chilachap, old spelling: Tjilatjap) is a regency in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.
Cirebon (formerly referred to as Cheribon in English) is a port city on the north coast of the Indonesian island of Java.
Cirebon Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia.
The City of Brisbane is a local government area that has jurisdiction over the inner portion of the metropolitan area of Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia.
Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.
The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed's fat, cocoa butter can be extracted.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Copra is the dried meat or kernel of the coconut, which is the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
Deli Company (Dutch language: Deli Maatschappij) is a trading and distribution company in the timber, construction product and tobacco industries.
Deli Serdang (Kabupaten Deli Serdang; Jawi: دلي سردڠ) is a regency in the Indonesian province of North Sumatra.
Demak (ꦢꦼꦩꦏ꧀) is a regency located in the Indonesian province of Central Java, on northern coast of the island.
Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.
Donggala is a regency in the Central Sulawesi Province of Indonesia.
The Dutch Caribbean (historically known as the Dutch West Indies) is the territories, colonies, and countries, both former and current, of the Dutch Empire and the Kingdom of the Netherlands that are located in the Lesser Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
Dutch Celebes refers to the period of colonial governance on the island of Sulawesi - as a commandment of the Dutch East India Company from 1699 until its demise in the early 1800s, and then as a part of the Netherlands Indies or Dutch East Indies until 1945.
Dutch cuisine (Nederlandse keuken) is formed from the cooking traditions and practices of the Netherlands.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, "United East India Company"; VOC) had a presence in the Indonesian archipelago from 1603, when the first trading post was established, to 1800, when the bankrupt company was dissolved, and its possessions nationalised as the Dutch East Indies.
The Dutch East Indies Campaign of 1941–42 was the conquest of the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia) by forces from the Empire of Japan in the early days of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. Forces from the Allies attempted unsuccessfully to defend the islands. The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in the region.
The Dutch Empire (Het Nederlandse Koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas colonies, enclaves, and outposts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies, mainly the Dutch West India and the Dutch East India Company, and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1815.
The Dutch Ethical Policy (Ethische Politiek) was the official policy of colonial government of Indonesia during the four decades from 1901 until the Japanese occupation of 1942.
The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.
Dutch India consisted of the settlements and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company on the Indian subcontinent.
Dutch Indies literature or Dutch East Indies literature (Dutch: Indische letteren or Nederlands Indische literatuur, Indonesia: Sastra Hindia Belanda.) is a section of Dutch literature encompassing Dutch language literature inspired by colonial and post-colonial Insulinde from the Dutch Golden Age to the present day.
The Dutch intervention in Bali in 1849 was a major Dutch military intervention in Northern and Southern Bali, following two failed interventions, the 1846 intervention and the 1848 intervention.
The Dutch intervention in Bali in 1906 was a Dutch military intervention in Bali as a part of the Dutch colonial suppression, killing over 1,000 mostly civilians.
The Dutch intervention in Bali in 1908 marked the final phase of Dutch colonial control over the island of Bali in Indonesia.
The Dutch intervention in Lombok and Karangasem took place in 1894, and is part of the string of Dutch interventions in and around Bali, Dutch East Indies (now: Indonesia), that led to complete colonization of both Bali and Lombok by the early 20th century.
The Dutch intervention in Northern Bali in 1846 was the first in a long series of Dutch military interventions on Bali island, until total control was achieved with the Dutch intervention in Bali in 1908.
The Dutch intervention in Northern Bali in 1848 was the second in a long series of six Dutch military interventions on Bali island, until total control was achieved with the Dutch intervention in Bali in 1908.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.
Dutch-language literature comprises all writings of literary merit written through the ages in the Dutch language, a language which currently has around 23 million native speakers.
The Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference was held in The Hague from 23 August to 2 November 1949, between representatives of the Netherlands, the Republic of Indonesia and the BFO (Federal Consultative Assembly) representing various states the Dutch had created in the Indonesian archipelago.
Charles Edgar du Perron, more commonly known as E. du Perron, was a famous and influential Dutch poet and author of Indo-European descent.
East Aceh Regency (Kabupaten Aceh Timur) is a regency in eastern Aceh Special Region (''Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam'') of Indonesia.
The East Indies or the Indies are the lands of South and Southeast Asia.
East Kalimantan (Indonesian) is a province of Indonesia.
East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur – NTT) is the southernmost province of Indonesia.
The State of East Sumatra (Negara Sumatera Timur) was established by the Netherlands after the reoccupation of North Sumatra in July, 1947, during the first of the Dutch "police actions" against the fledgling Republic of Indonesia.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.
Marie Eugène François Thomas Dubois (28 January 1858 – 16 December 1940) was a Dutch paleoanthropologist and geologist.
European History Online (Europäische Geschichte Online, EGO) is an academic website that publishes articles on the history of Europe between the period of 1450 and 1950 according to the principle of open access.
Fernand Braudel (24 August 1902 – 27 November 1985) was a French historian and a leader of the Annales School.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
Flores (Indonesian: Pulau Flores) is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, a group of islands in the eastern half of Indonesia.
Friedrich Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn (October 26, 1809 in Mansfeld, Germany – April 24, 1864 in Lembang, Bandung, West Java), was a German-Dutch botanist and geologist.
Freemasonry was introduced by the Dutch to what is today Indonesia during the VOC era in the 18th century, and spread throughout the Dutch East Indies during a wave of westernisation in the 19th century.
Garut Regency is a Regency in the West Java province of Indonesia.
Gorontalo (Hulontalo) is an Indonesian province on the island of Sulawesi.
Gorontalo is a city and the capital of the Gorontalo Province, Indonesia.
The Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (Gouverneur-generaal van Nederlands Indië) represented Dutch rule in the Dutch East Indies between 1610 and Dutch recognition of the independence of Indonesia in 1945.
Gowa (Makassar: ᨁᨚᨓ) is a regency in the province of South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Grobogan (ꦒꦿꦺꦴꦧꦺꦴꦒꦤ꧀) is a regency (kabupaten) located in northeastern part of the Central Java province in Indonesia.
The Groote Oost (English: Great East) was a gouvernement of the Dutch East Indies between 1938 and 1946.
Gunungkidul Regency is a regency in the southeast part of the province of Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia.
Henri Maclaine Pont (21 June 1884 – 3 December 1971) was a Dutch architect and archaeologist active in Indonesia, acclaimed for his synthesis of Javanese and western architecture.
Herman Willem Daendels (21 October 1762 – 2 May 1818) was a Dutch politician who served as the 36th Governor General of the Dutch East Indies between 1808 and 1811.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
Hotel des Indes was one of the oldest and most prestigious hotels in Asia.
The Indo people or Indos are Eurasian people, descendants of various indigenous peoples of Indonesia and Dutch settlers. Indos are associated with colonial culture of the former Dutch East Indies, a Dutch colony in Southeast Asia and a predecessor to modern Indonesia after its proclamation of independence shortly after World War II. It was used to describe people acknowledged to be of mixed Dutch and Indonesian descent, or it was a term used in the Dutch East Indies to apply to Europeans who had partial Asian ancestry. "Indos–people of Dutch descent who stayed in the new republic Indonesia after it gained independence, or who emigrated to Indonesia after 1949–are called Dutch-Indonesians. Although the majority of the Indos are found in the lowest strata of European society, they do not represent a solid social or economic group." The European ancestry of these people was predominantly Dutch, but also included Portuguese, British, French, Belgian, German, and others. Other terms used were Indos, Dutch Indonesians, Eurasians, Indo-Europeans, Indo-Dutch, and Dutch-Indos.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
The Indonesian National Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI; literally "Indonesian National Military") are the military forces of the Republic of Indonesia.
The Indonesian National Awakening (Kebangkitan Nasional Indonesia) is a term for the period in the first half of the 20th century, during which people from many parts of the archipelago first began to develop a national consciousness as "Indonesians".
The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence (Perang Kemerdekaan Indonesia; Indonesische Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog), was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia.
Indos (short for Indo-Europeans) are a Eurasian people of mixed Indonesian and European descent.
Indragiri Hulu is a regency (kabupaten) of Riau, Indonesia.
Indramayu Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jacob Nienhuys (born July 15, 1836 in Rhenen - died July 27, 1927 in Bloemendaal) was the founder of tobacco producer Deli Company (Deli Maatschappij) on a plantation established on a land concession from the Sultanate of Deli in Sumatra during the era of the Dutch East Indies.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
The Jakarta Art Building (Gedung Kesenian Jakarta), historically known as Schouwburg Weltevreden, is a concert hall in Sawah Besar, Central Jakarta, Indonesia, built during the colonial period in Batavia, Dutch East Indies.
Jambi is a province of Indonesia.
Jhr. Jan Willem Janssens GCMWO (12 October 1762 – 23 May 1838) was a Dutch nobleman, soldier and statesman who served both as the governor of the Cape Colony and governor-general of the Dutch East Indies.
The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia, during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the War in September 1945.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Java Man (Homo erectus erectus; Javanese: Manungsa Jawa; Indonesian: Manusia Jawa) is early human fossils discovered on the island of Java (Indonesia) in 1891 and 1892.
The Java War or Diponegoro War was fought in central Java from 1825 to 1830, between the colonial Dutch Empire and native Javanese rebels.
Javanese (colloquially known as) is the language of the Javanese people from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia.
The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:,See: Javanese language: Politeness Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Indonesian: suku Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.
Jember Regency is a regency of East Java province, Indonesia.
Jepara (ꦗꦼꦥꦫ) is a regency in the northeast of the Indonesian province of Central Java.
Johannes Elias Teijsmann (June 1, 1808 – June 22, 1882) was a biologist, botanist and plant collector.
Johannes, Count van den Bosch (2 February 1780 – 28 January 1844) was a Dutch officer and politician.
Jombang Regency is a regency of East Java, Indonesia, situated to the southwest of Surabaya.
The Journal of Genocide Research is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering studies of genocide.
Juliana (Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina; 30 April 1909 – 20 March 2004) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.
Sardar Kavalam Madhava Panikkar (3 June 1895 – 10 December 1963) was an Indian statesman and diplomat also famed as a Professor, newspaper editor, historian and novelist.
Kaasstengels, Kastengel or kue keju is Dutch-Indonesian cheese cookie in the form of sticks, commonly found in the Netherlands and Indonesia.
Kalimantan is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo.
Karawang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia.
Karl Heider (born January 21, 1935) is an American visual anthropologist.
Karnadi Anemer Bangkong (Karnadi the Frog Contractor; also known as Karnadi Tangkep Bangkong, meaning Karnadi Catches Frogs) is a 1930 comedy from the Dutch East Indies directed by G. Krugers.
Karo Regency is a regency of North Sumatra, Indonesia, situated in the Barisan Mountains.
Raden Adjeng Kartini (21 April 1879 – 17 September 1904), sometimes known as Raden Ayu Kartini, was a prominent Indonesian national heroine from Java. She was also a pioneer in the area of education for girls and women's rights for Indonesians. Born into an aristocratic Javanese family in the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia, she attended a Dutch language primary school. She aspired to further education but the option was unavailable to her and other girls in Javanese society. She came into contact with various officials and influential people including J.H. Abendanon, in charge of implementing the Dutch Ethical Policy. Kartini wrote letters about her feelings and they were published in a Dutch magazine and later as: Out of Darkness to Light, Women's Life in the Village and Letters of a Javanese Princess. Her birthday is now celebrated as Kartini Day in Indonesia. She took an interest in mysticism and opposed polygamy. Her advocacy for the education of girls was continued by her sisters. Kartini Schools were named for her and a fund established in her name to fund the education of girls.
A kebaya is a traditional blouse-dress combination that originated from the court of the Javanese Majapahit Kingdom, and is traditionally worn by women in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, southern Thailand, Cambodia and the southern part of the Philippines.
Kebumen (Kebumèn) is a regency in the southern part of the Indonesian province of Central Java.
Kediri Regency is a regency (kabupaten) located in East Java province, Indonesia.
Kediri is an Indonesian city, located near the Brantas River in the province of East Java on the island of Java.
Kedu Residency (also known as Kedoe and Kedoo) was a colonial administrative unit in Central Java in Java, Indonesia.
Kendal (Kendhal) is a regency in the northern part of Central Java province in Indonesia, west of Semarang.
Ketapang Regency is a regency in the south of the province of West Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo in Indonesia.
The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság), also known as the Regency, existed from 1920 to 1946 as a de facto country under Regent Miklós Horthy.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
Klappertaart is a Dutch-influenced Indonesian cake originating from Manado, North Sulawesi.
Klaten (Klathèn) is a regency in Central Java province in Indonesia.
Komodo (Indonesian Pulau Komodo) is one of the 17,508 islands that compose the Republic of Indonesia.
The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), also known as the Komodo monitor, is a species of lizard found in the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar.
Koninklijke Paketvaart-Maatschappij (Dutch for Royal Packet Navigation Company), better known as KPM, was a Dutch shipping company (1888–1966) in the Netherlands East Indies, now Indonesia.
Kopassus (a portmanteau of Komando Pasukan Khusus or "Special Forces Command") is an Indonesian Army (TNI-AD) special forces group that conducts special operations missions for the Indonesian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-insurgency, counter-terrorism, intelligence gathering and Special reconnaissance (SR).
Kudus (ꦏꦸꦢꦸꦱ꧀) is a regency (kabupaten) in Central Java province in Indonesia.
Kue cubit is a common snack food in many Indonesian cities.
Kulon Progo Regency (Kulon Praga) is one of the four regencies within the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia.
Kuningan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java province, Indonesia.
Kupang (Kota Kupang,; Dutch spelling: Koepang) is the capital of the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara, and has an estimated population in 2011 of 349,344.
Kutai Kartanegara Regency (abbreviated as Kukar) is a regency of East Kalimantan province, Indonesia.
Lamongan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia, with an area of.
Lampung is a province of Indonesia.
A landhuis (plural landhuizen) is a Dutch colonial country house, often the administrative heart of a particuliere land or private domain in the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia.
Langkat Regency (Kabupaten Langkat) is the northernmost regency of North Sumatra.
More than 700 living languages are spoken in Indonesia.
Lebak Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia.
Lee Man Fong (born November 14, 1913 – April 3, 1988) was a painter born in Guangzhou, China.
The Leibniz Institute of European History (IEG) in Mainz, Germany, is an independent, public research institute that carries out and promotes historical research on the foundations of Europe in the early and late Modern period.
Leiden University (abbreviated as LEI; Universiteit Leiden), founded in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands.
The Lesser Sunda Islands (Kepulauan Nusa Tenggara "southeastern archipelago" or Kepulauan Sunda Kecil "lesser Sundanese archipelago") are a group of islands in Maritime Southeast Asia, north of Australia.
Lima Puluh Kota, or Limapuluh Koto (meaning fifty states or fifty towns in Minangkabau language), is a regency (kabupaten) of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
This is a list of cheeses from, or connected with, the Netherlands.
The armed forces of many nations have, at one time or another, used foreign volunteers who are motivated by political, ideological or other considerations to join a foreign army.
The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands.
This is a list of monarchs of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koningen der Nederlanden).
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
Loetoeng Kasaroeng is a 1926 fantasy film from the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia) which was directed and produced by L. Heuveldorp.
Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia.
A lost film is a feature or short film that is no longer known to exist in any studio archives, private collections, or public archives, such as the U.S. Library of Congress.
Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (born Luigi Buonaparte; 2 September 1778 – 25 July 1846) was a younger brother of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French.
Louis Marie-Anne Couperus (10 June 1863 – 16 July 1923) was a Dutch novelist and poet.
Lumajang Regency is a Regency (kabupaten) located in the East Java province of Indonesia.
Luwu Regency (Kabupaten Luwu in Indonesian) is a regency of South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia.
Madiun is a city in the western part of East Java, Indonesia, known for its agricultural center.
Madiun Regency is a Regency in East Java province, Indonesia.
Madura is an Indonesian island off the northeastern coast of Java.
Magelang is one of six cities in Central Java, each of which is governed by a mayor rather than a bupati.
Magelang (ꦩꦒꦼꦭꦁ) is a regency in Central Java province in Indonesia famous for its 9th century Buddhist temple of Borobudur.
Magetan is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.
Majalengka Regency is one of the 18 regencies (kabupaten) in West Java, Indonesia.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.
Makassar (Buginese-Makassar language: ᨀᨚᨈ ᨆᨀᨔᨑ) – sometimes spelled Macassar – is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Malang is the second largest city in Jawa Timur (East Java), Indonesia. It has a history dating back to the age of Singhasari Kingdom. As the second most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 887,443 people in the city. Its built-up (metro) area was home to 2,795,209 inhabitants spread on 2 cities and 22 districts (21 in Malang Regency and 1 in Pasuruan Regency). The city is well known for its mild climate. During the period of Dutch colonization, it was a popular destination for European residents. Until now, Malang still holds its position a popular destination for international tourists. Malang was spared many of the effects of the Asian financial crisis and since that time it has been marked by steady economic and population growth.
The Malang Regency is a regency in East Java, Indonesia.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.
Manado (pronounced in Manado Malay, in Indonesian) is the capital city of the North Sulawesi province of Indonesia.
Mangkunegaran is a small Javanese princely state located within the region of Surakarta in Indonesia.
Margarine is an imitation butter spread used for flavoring, baking, and cooking.
Maria Dermoût (15 June 1888 – 27 June 1962), was an Indo-European novelist, considered one of the greats of Dutch literature and as such an important proponent of Dutch Indies literature.
Marion Bloem (born 24 August 1952 in Arnhem, the Netherlands) is a Dutch writer and film maker of Indo (mixed Dutch and Indonesian) descent, best known as author of the literary acclaimed book Geen gewoon Indisch meisje (No Ordinary Indo Girl) and director of the 2008 feature film Ver van familie (Far from Family).
Maros Regency is a regency of South Sulawesi province of Indonesia.
Masonry is the building of structures from individual units, which are often laid in and bound together by mortar; the term masonry can also refer to the units themselves.
Max Havelaar: Or the Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company (Max Havelaar, of de koffi-veilingen der Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappy) is an 1860 novel by Multatuli (the pen name of Eduard Douwes Dekker), which played a key role in shaping and modifying Dutch colonial policy in the Dutch East Indies in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
Medan; is the capital of North Sumatra province in Indonesia.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Mempawah Regency is a regency of West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
The Mentawai Islands are a chain of about seventy islands and islets approximately off the western coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.
Military service is service by an individual or group in an army or other militia, whether as a chosen job or as a result of an involuntary draft (conscription).
Minahasa Regency is a regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Minangkabau people (Minangkabau: Urang Minang; Indonesian: Suku Minang; Jawi script: اورڠ مينڠ), also known as Minang, are an ethnic group indigenous to the Minangkabau Highlands of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Mohammad Hatta (12 August 1902 – 14 March 1980) was Indonesia's first vice president, later also serving as the country's prime minister.
Mojokerto (ꦩꦗꦏꦼꦂꦠ (Majakerta)) is a city in East Java Province, Indonesia.
Mojokerto Regency is a regency in East Java province.
The monarchy of the Netherlands is constitutional and as such, the role and position of the monarch are defined and limited by the Constitution of the Netherlands.
Muaro Jambi Regency is a regency of Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia.
Eduard Douwes Dekker (2 March 1820 – 19 February 1887), better known by his pen name Multatuli (from Latin multa tulī, "I have suffered much"), was a Dutch writer famous for his satirical novel Max Havelaar (1860), which denounced the abuses of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies (today's Indonesia).
Musi Banyuasin Regency is a regency of South Sumatra (or Sumatra Selatan) province, in Indonesia.
Musi Rawas Regency is a regency of South Sumatra Province, Indonesia.
The name in Indian languages is Bharata after the emperor Bharata.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Narrative film, fictional film or fiction film is a film that tells a fictional or fictionalized story, event or narrative.
Nasi goreng, literally meaning "fried rice" in Indonesian, can refer simply to fried pre-cooked rice, a meal including stir fried rice in a small amount of cooking oil or margarine, typically spiced with kecap manis (sweet soy sauce), shallot, garlic, ground shrimp paste, tamarind and chilli and accompanied by other ingredients, particularly egg, chicken and prawns.
The National Museum of Indonesia (Museum Nasional), is an archeological, historical, ethnological, and geographical museum located in Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat, Central Jakarta, right on the west side of Merdeka Square.
Native Indonesians, or Pribumi/Bumiputra (literally "inlanders"), are members of the population group in Indonesia that shares a similar sociocultural and ethnic heritage whose members are considered natives of the country.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands Government Information Service (Dutch: Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst, abbrev.: RVD) is a Dutch government agency.
The gulden was the unit of account of the Dutch East Indies from 1602 under the United East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie; VOC), following Dutch practice first adopted in the 15th century (gulden coins were not minted in the Netherlands between 1558 and 1681 and none circulated in the Indies until a century later).
Netherlands New Guinea (Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea) refers to the Papua region of Indonesia while it was an overseas territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1949 to 1962.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
In historical contexts, New Imperialism characterizes a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
New Indies Style (from Dutch Nieuwe Indische Bouwstijl) is a modern architectural style used in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) between the late 19th-century through pre-World War II 20th-century.
An Agreement signed by the Netherlands and Indonesia regarding the administration of the territory of West New Guinea.
Nganjuk Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java Province, Indonesia.
Ngawi is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.
Nīas (Pulau Nias, Nias language: Tanö Niha) is an island located on the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
North Aceh Regency (Kabupaten Aceh Utara) is a regency in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (Aceh Special District), in Indonesia.
North Kalimantan (Kalimantan Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
North Maluku (Maluku Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
North Sulawesi (Sulawesi Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
North Tapanuli Regency (Tapanuli Utara in Indonesian, utara means north) is a regency in North Sumatra province, Sumatra, Indonesia.
Noto Soeroto (1888-1951) a Javanese prince from the Jogjakarta noble house of Paku Alaman was a poet and writer of Dutch Indies literature and journalist from the Dutch East Indies (now: Indonesia).
Nutmeg is the seed or ground spice of several species of the genus Myristica.
Ogan Komering Ulu Regency is a regency of South Sumatra, Indonesia.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
Oxtail soup is made with beef tails.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Pacitan (Kabupaten Pacitan) is a regency located in the southwestern East Java Province, with Central Java Province on its west border.
Padang (Jawi) is the capital of the province of West Sumatra in Indonesia.
The Padri War (also called the Minangkabau War) was fought from 1803 until 1837 in West Sumatra, Indonesia between the Padris and the Adats.
Pakualaman (also written Paku Alaman) is a small Javanese princely state within the Sultanate of Yogyakarta.
Palembang (Indonesian pronunciation: palɛmˈbaŋ) is the capital city of South Sumatra province of Indonesia.
Pamekasan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of the province of East Java, Indonesia. It is located on Madura Island approximately 120 km east of Surabaya, the provincial capital. The regency covers an area of 792.24 km2, and at the 2010 Census it had a population of 795,918 (an increase from 689,225 at the previous Census in 2000); the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 818,283.
A pancake (or hotcake, griddlecake, or flapjack) is a flat cake, often thin and round, prepared from a starch-based batter that may contain eggs, milk and butter and cooked on a hot surface such as a griddle or frying pan, often frying with oil or butter.
Pandan cake is a light, fluffy, green-colored sponge cake of Southeast Asian origin, flavoured with the juice of Pandanus amaryllifolius leaves.
Pandeglang is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia.
A pannenkoek (plural pannenkoeken) or Dutch pancake is a style of pancake with origins in the Netherlands.
Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea.
Pasar malam (Nacht Markt or Avondmarkt) is an Indonesian and Malay word that literally means "night market" (the word comes from bazaar in Persian).
Pasuruan (Pasoeroean) is a city of East Java, Java, Indonesia.
Pasuruan Regency is a regency of East Java province of Indonesia.
Pati Regency (Pathi, ꦥꦛꦶ) is a regency (kabupaten) in the northeastern region of Central Java Province, on the island of Java in Indonesia.
Pekalongan (ꦦꦼꦏꦭꦺꦴꦔꦤ꧀) is a city of Central Java, Indonesia.
Pekalongan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) on the north coast of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Pemalang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) on the north coast of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Pematangsiantar (sometimes written as Pematang Siantar, acronym PS or P. Siantar, colloquially just Siantar), is an independent city in North Sumatra, Indonesia, surrounded by, but not part of, the Simalungun Regency.
South Coast (Pesisir Selatan, Pasisia Salatan) is a regency (kabupaten) of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
Pieter Antonie Ouwens (14 February 1849, Amsterdam – 5 March 1922, Buitenzorg) was a Dutch scientist and Director of the Java Zoological Museum and Botanical Gardens.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Pieter Gerardus van Overstraten (19 February 1755, Bergen op Zoom – 22 August 1801, Batavia) was Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1796 until 1801.
Pinrang Regency is one of the twenty-one regencies in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia.
Poffertjes are a traditional Dutch batter treat.
"Politionele Acties" (Dutch for "police actions") refers to two major military offensives undertaken by the Netherlands on Java and Sumatra against the Republic of Indonesia during its struggle for independence in the Indonesian National Revolution.
Ponorogo is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.
The Pontianak Sultanate (Malay: Kesultanan Pontianak) was an Islamic Malay state that existed on the western coast of the island of Borneo from the late 18th century until its disestablishment in 1950.
A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portuguese creoles are creole languages which have Portuguese as their substantial lexifier.
Poso Regency is a regency of Central Sulawesi Province of Indonesia.
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of the Netherlands East Indies, otherwise known as the Dutch East Indies, and which today is known as Indonesia.
Postcolonial literature is the literature of countries that were colonised, mainly by European countries.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Probolinggo (Kota Probolinggo, ꦥꦿꦧꦭꦶꦁꦒ) is a city on the north coast of East Java province, Indonesia.
Probolinggo Regency (Kabupaten Probolinggo) is a regency in East Java province of Indonesia.
The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10:00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945.
Propaganda in imperial Japan, in the period just before and during World War II, was designed to assist the ruling government of Japan during that time.
Purwokerto is a town on the island of Java, Indonesia.
Purworejo is a regency (kabupaten) in the southern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Raden Saleh Sjarif Boestaman (رادين صالح شريف بوستامن, Javanese: ꦫꦢꦺꦤ꧀ꦱꦭꦺꦃꦯ꦳ꦫꦶꦥ꦳꧀ꦨꦸꦱ꧀ꦠꦩꦤ꧀; EYD, EBI: Raden Saleh Syarif Bustaman; 1807 – 23 April 1880) was a pioneering Indonesian Romantic painter of Arab-Javanese ethnicity.
The Regiment van Heutsz is a line infantry regiment of the Royal Netherlands Army.
Rembang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) on the extreme northeast coast of Central Java Province, on the island of Java at the Java Sea, in Indonesia.
Timor en Onderhoorigheden was a Residentie of Dutch East Indies located in the Eastern half of Lesser Sunda Islands east of Lombok, it was separated in 1819 from Gouvernement der Molukken.
Riau (Jawi), is a province of Indonesia.
Riau Islands (Indonesian; Kepulauan Riau, acronym; Kepri), is a province of Indonesia.
The Indonesian rijsttafel, a Dutch word that literally translates to "rice table", is an elaborate meal adapted by the Dutch following the hidang presentation of nasi Padang from the Padang region of West Sumatra.
Robert Nieuwenhuys (Semarang, Dutch East Indies, 30 June 1908 – Amsterdam, 8 November 1999) was a Dutch writer of Indo descent.
The Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 1778-1962) was a Dutch learned society in Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia).
The Royal Netherlands Army (Koninklijke Landmacht (KL), "Royal Army") is the land forces element of the military of the Netherlands.
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger; KNIL) was the military force maintained by the Netherlands in its colony of the Netherlands East Indies (also known as the Dutch East Indies), in areas that are now part of Indonesia.
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force (Militaire Luchtvaart van het Koninklijk Nederlands-Indisch Leger, ML-KNIL) was the air arm of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) from 1939 until 1950.
The Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (lit, abbreviated: KITLV) at Leiden was founded in 1851.
The Royal Netherlands Navy (Koninklijke Marine, “Royal Navy”) is the navy of the Netherlands.
Salatiga (ꦯꦭꦠꦶꦒ) is a city in Central Java province, Indonesia.
Samarinda is the capital of the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo.
Satay, or sate in Indonesian spelling, is a dish of seasoned, skewered and grilled meat, served with a sauce.
Sawahlunto (Jawi) is a city in West Sumatra, Indonesia, 90 kilometres from Padang.
Sejarah Film 1900–1950: Bikin Film di Jawa (Indonesian for History of Film 1900–1950: Making Films in Java) is a 2009 history of the cinema of the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia) written by Misbach Yusa Biran.
Selat solo (Javanese for: "Solo salad") is a western-derived Javanese cuisine specialty of Solo city, Central Java, Indonesia.
Semarang (formerly Dutch: Samarang), is a city on the north coast of the island of Java, Indonesia.
Semarang is a regency (kabupaten) in Central Java province in Indonesia.
Semur is a type of meat stew (mainly beef), that is braised in thick brown gravy commonly found in Indonesian cuisine.
Serang (Kabupaten Serang) is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia.
A serial, film serial, movie serial or chapter play, is a motion picture form popular during the first half of the 20th century, consisting of a series of short subjects exhibited in consecutive order at one theater, generally advancing weekly, until the series is completed.
Sidoarjo Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.
A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).
Sinematek Indonesia, or Sinematek for short, is a film archive located in Jakarta.
Singkawang or San Khew Jong in Hakka (Hakka POJ: Sán-khiéu-yòng), is a city located in the province of West Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo in Indonesia.
Sintang Regency is a regency of West Kalimantan province of Indonesia.
Situbondo Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java province, Indonesia.
Solok Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) is a province of Indonesia.
South Lampung Regency (Kabupaten Lampung Selatan) is a regency of Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia, a strip of land surrounding the provincial capital of Bandar Lampung on its northern and eastern sides, and bounded to the west by the new Pesawaran Regency and to the south by the Sunda Strait; as such it is a major transit corridor to/from Java island.
South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) is a province in the southern peninsula of Sulawesi.
South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) is a province of Indonesia.
South Tapanuli is a regency in North Sumatra.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Southeast Maluku Regency (Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara) is a regency of Maluku, Indonesia.
Southeast Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara, abbreviation: Sultra) is a province on the Sulawesi, forming the southeastern peninsula of that island, together with a number of large offshore islands such as Buton, Muna, Kabaena and Wawonii, with smaller islands.
The Special Administrative Region of Yogyakarta (occasionally pronounced or; Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), or simply Yogyakarta) is a region of Republic of Indonesia in the middle of Java.
Spekkoek (kue lapis legit or spekuk in Indonesian, kueh lapis in Singapore, kek lapis in Malaysia) is a type of Indonesian layer cake.
Sragen Regency (translit) is a regency (kabupaten) in the eastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya, Indonesian/Malay: Sriwijaya, Javanese: ꦯꦿꦶꦮꦶꦗꦪ, Sundanese:, ศรีวิชัย, Sanskrit: श्रीविजय, Śrīvijaya, Khmer: ស្រីវិជ័យ "Srey Vichey", known by the Chinese as Shih-li-fo-shih and San-fo-ch'i t) was a dominant thalassocratic Malay city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.
Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Modern Singapore.
A steak is a meat generally sliced across the muscle fibers, potentially including a bone.
The Strait of Malacca (Selat Melaka, Selat Malaka; Jawi: سلت ملاک) or Straits of Malacca is a narrow, stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula (Peninsular Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Muhammad Suharto (also written Soeharto;, or Muhammad Soeharto; 8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was an Indonesian military leader and politician who served as the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
Sukabumi (ᮞᮥᮊᮘᮥᮙᮤ) is a city surrounded by the regency of the same name in the southern foothills of Mount Gede, in West Java, Indonesia, about south of the national capital, Jakarta At an altitude of approximately, the city is a minor hill station resort, with a cooler climate than the surrounding lowlands.
Sukabumi Regency (Kabupaten Sukabumi; Sundanese) is a regency (kabupaten) in southwestern Java, as part of West Java province of Indonesia.
Sukarno (born Kusno Sosrodihardjo; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was the first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967.
Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes, is an island in Indonesia.
The Sultanate of Bulungan was a princely state of Indonesia located in the existing Bulungan Regency in the North Kalimantan province of Indonesia in the east of the island of Borneo.
The Sultanate of Cirebon (Kesultanan Cirebon, Kasultanan Cirebon) was an Islamic sultanate in West Java founded in the 15th century.
Sultanate of Deli (Indonesian: Kesultanan Deli Darul Maimoon; Jawi) is a 1,820 km² Malay state in east Sumatra founded in 1630.
Sultanate of Gowa (sometimes written as Goa; not to be mistaken with Goa in India), was one of the great kingdoms and the most successful kingdom in the South Sulawesi region.
The Sultanate of Langkat was a Muslim state located in modern Langkat Regency, North Sumatra.
The Sultanate of Sambas (Malay/Indonesian: Kesultanan Sambas) was a traditional Malay state on the Western coast of the island of Borneo, in modern-day Indonesia.
The state of Serdang was an ancient Malay-Indonesian monarchy, neighbouring the Sultanate of Deli, to which it lost some territory.
The Sultanate of Siak Sri Indrapura, often called Sultanate of Siak (Indonesian: Kesultanan Siak Sri Inderapura; Jawi), was a kingdom that was located in the Siak Regency, Riau from 1723 to 1946 CE.
The Sultanate of Ternate is one of the oldest Muslim kingdoms in Indonesia, established by Baab Mashur Malamo in 1257.
Sultanate of Tidore (Indonesian: Kesultanan Tidore, sometimes Kerajaan Tidore) was a sultanate in Southeast Asia, centered on the Spice Islands of Tidore, a rival of Sultanate of Ternate for control of the spice trade.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
Sumba (Pulau Sumba) is an island in eastern Indonesia.
Sumbawa is an Indonesian island, located in the middle of the Lesser Sunda Islands chain, with Lombok to the west, Flores to the east, and Sumba further to the southeast.
Sumedang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java province, Indonesia.
Sumenep Regency (Songènèb) is a regency of East Java province, Indonesia.
The Sundanese (Sundanese:, Urang Sunda) are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the western part of the Indonesian island of Java.
Surabaya (formerly Dutch: Soerabaia and later Surabaja) is a port city and the capital of East Java (Jawa Timur) province of Indonesia.
Surakarta (ꦯꦸꦫꦏꦂꦠ, often called Solo or less common spelling Sala) is a city in Central Java.
Surakarta Sunanate (Indonesian: Kasunanan Surakarta; Javanese: Kasunanan/Karaton Surakarta Hadiningrat; Soerakarta) is a Javanese monarchy centred in the city of Surakarta, in the province of Central Java, Indonesia.
Sutan Sjahrir (5 March 1909 – 9 April 1966) was an avant garde and idealistic Indonesian intellectual, as well as revolutionary independence leader.
Tanah Datar is a regency (kabupaten) in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
Tanjungbalai (Indonesian: Kota Tanjungbalai), formerly Tanjungbalai-Asahan is a city in North Sumatra province, Indonesia, on the estuary of the Asahan River.
Tasikmalaya Regency (pronounced) (Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, Sundanese) is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) in the province of West Java, Indonesia.
Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.
Tebing Tinggi Deli or more commonly simply Tebing Tinggi (Jawi) is a chartered city (kota) near the eastern coast of North Sumatra, Indonesia.
Tegal Regency is one of the regencies located in the northwest part of Central Java province, Indonesia which has an area of 876,10 km2.
Tegal is a large city in the northwest part of Central Java Province of Indonesia.
Temanggung Regency (Kabupaten Temanggung) is a regency in the Central Java Province of Indonesia.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
Thiamine, also known as thiamin or vitamin B1, is a vitamin found in food, and manufactured as a dietary supplement and medication.
Thiamine deficiency is a medical condition of low levels of thiamine (vitamin B1).
Herman Thomas Karsten (22 April 1884, Amsterdam–1945, Cimahi) was a Dutch engineer who gave major contributions to architecture and town planning in Indonesia during Dutch colonial rule.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tjalie Robinson is the main alias of the Indo (Eurasian) intellectual and writer Jan Boon (born Nijmegen, 10 January 1911; died The Hague, 22 April 1974) also known as Vincent Mahieu.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Antonius Hermanus Johannes "Tony" Lovink (12 July 1902 – 27 March 1995) was a Dutch Politician who served as the last High Commissioner of the Crown in the Dutch East Indies in 1949, the year the Dutch East Indies declared independence from the Netherlands, and renamed itself Indonesia.
The transmigration program (Transmigrasi, from Dutch, transmigratie) was an initiative of the Dutch colonial government, and later continued by the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country.
The Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Tropics) is an ethnographic museum located in Amsterdam, Netherlands, founded in 1864.
Tuban Regency is a regency in East Java province of Indonesia.
Tulungagung (pronounced) is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
The Universitas Indonesia (Universitas Indonesia, abbreviated as UI) is a state university in Depok, West Java and Salemba, Jakarta, Indonesia.
A veranda or verandah (from Bengali baranda) is a roofed, open-air gallery or porch.
Victor Ido (8 February 1869 in Surabaya – 20 May 1948 in The Hague) is the main alias of the Indo (Eurasian) Dutch language writer and journalist Hans van de Wall.
A People's Council (Volksraad) for the Dutch East Indies was provided for by law in 1916, but its establishment was procrastinated until the actual installation of the Council in 1918.
The VorstenlandenEncarta-encyclopedie Winkler Prins (1993–2002) s.v. "Vorstenlanden".
West Aceh Regency is a regency (kabupaten) in the Aceh special region of Indonesia.
West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat, Malay: كليمنتان بارت,; Hakka: Sî-Kâ-lí-màn-tân; Teochew: Sai-Gia-li-man-dang) is a province of Indonesia.
West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat – NTB) is a province of Indonesia.
West Papua (Papua Barat) is a province of Indonesia.
West Sulawesi (Sulawesi Barat) is a province of Indonesia.
West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat, abbreviated to Sumbar, Jawi:, Minangkabau: Sumatera Baraik) is a province of Indonesia.
West Timor (Timor Barat) is the western and Indonesian portion of the island of Timor next to the country of East Timor (Nusa Tenggara Timur).
Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) annexed by Indonesia in 1962.
"Wilhelmus van Nassouwe", usually known just as the "Wilhelmus" (Het Wilhelmus;; English translation: "The William"), is the national anthem of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
William III (Dutch: Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk; English: William Alexander Paul Frederick Louis; 19 February 1817 – 23 November 1890) was King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1849 until his death in 1890.
Wonogiri is a regency (kabupaten) in the southeastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia.
Wonosobo Regency (Kabupatèn Wanasaba) is a regency (kabupaten) in Central Java province in Indonesia.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yogyakarta (also Jogja or Jogjakarta; ꦛꦔꦪꦺꦴꦒꦾꦏꦂꦠ; formerly Dutch: Djokjakarta/Djocjakarta or Djokja) is a city on the island of Java in Indonesia.
Yogyakarta Sultanate (Kasultanan Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat; Hanacaraka) is a Javanese monarchy in Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia.
Dutch East-Indies, Dutch Indies, Dutch Indochina, Dutch Indonesia, Dutch east Indies, Dutch east indies, Hindia-Belanda, Nederlands-Indië, Nederlandsch Indische, Netherlands East Indies, Netherlands East-Indies, Netherlands Indies, Tempo Doeloe, The Dutch East Indies.