124 relations: Acetic acid, Acid dye, Acid red 88, Acridine, Acrylic fiber, Alkali, Animal, Anthraquinone, Aqueous solution, Archaeology, Azo compound, Azo dye, Bark (botany), Before Present, Berry, Biological pigment, Blue, Blue Wool Scale, Boiling point, Cellulose, Cellulose acetate, Cellulose triacetate, Chemical affinity, Chemical reaction, Chromophore, Cochineal, Color, Color filter array, Cotton, Coumarin, Covalent bond, Disperse dye, Dyeing, F. J. Duarte, Fiber, Flax, Fluorene, Fluorone, Food additive, Food coloring, Fuchsine, Fungus, Georgia (country), Green, Haematoxylum campechianum, Hair coloring, Image sensor, India, Indigo dye, Induline, ..., Industrial dye degradation, Ion, Isatis tinctoria, J-aggregate, Kermes (dye), Lake pigment, Laser dye, Law, Leaf, Leather, Leuco dye, Lichen, Light, List of dyes, Lye, Mauveine, Metal, Mineral, Mordant, Neolithic, New World, Nile red, Nylon, Optical brightener, Organic laser, Oxidizing agent, Paper, Perspiration, PH indicator, Phoenicia, Phototendering, Phthalocyanine, Pigment, Plant, Polyester, Polysulfide, Potassium dichromate, Precipitation (chemistry), Procion, Quinone, Reactive dye, Redox, Resist dyeing, Rhodamine, Rhodamine 6G, Root, Rubia, Saffron (use), Safranin, Salt, Salt (chemistry), Serendipity, Silk, Sodium carbonate, Sodium chloride, Sodium sulfate, Solubility, Solvent dye, Spain, Stain, Staining, Substantive dye, Substituent, Sulfur dye, Temperature, Textile, Triphenylmethane, Tyrian purple, Vat dye, Vegetable, Water, William Henry Perkin, Wood, Wool. Expand index (74 more) » « Shrink index
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
An acid dye is a dye that is typically applied to a textile at low pH.
Acid red 88 is a azo dye.
Acridine is an organic compound and a nitrogen heterocycle with the formula C13H9N.
Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer (polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units.
In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly “ashes of the saltwort”) is a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal chemical element.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Anthraquinone, also called anthracenedione or dioxoanthracene, is an aromatic organic compound with formula.
An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Azo compounds are compounds bearing the functional group R−N.
Azo dyes are organic compounds bearing the functional group R−N.
Bark is the outermost layers of stems and roots of woody plants.
Before Present (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past.
A berry is a small, pulpy, and often edible fruit.
Biological pigments, also known simply as pigments or biochromes, are substances produced by living organisms that have a color resulting from selective color absorption.
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model.
The Blue Wool Scale measures and calibrates the permanence of colouring dyes.
The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.
Cellulose triacetate, (triacetate, CTA or TAC) is a chemical compound produced from cellulose and a source of acetate esters, typically acetic anhydride.
In chemical physics and physical chemistry, chemical affinity is the electronic property by which dissimilar chemical species are capable of forming chemical compounds.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
A chromophore is the part of a molecule responsible for its color.
The cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the natural dye carmine is derived.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
In photography, a color filter array (CFA), or color filter mosaic (CFM), is a mosaic of tiny color filters placed over the pixel sensors of an image sensor to capture color information.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
Coumarin (2H-chromen-2-one) is a fragrant organic chemical compound in the benzopyrone chemical class, although it may also be seen as a subclass of lactones.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Disperse dyes are the only water-insoluble dyes that dye polyester and acetate fibers.
Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics.
Francisco Javier "Frank" Duarte (born c. 1954) is a laser physicist and author/editor of several well-known books on tunable lasers and quantum optics.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
Fluorene, or 9H-fluorene, is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
Fluorone is a heterocyclic chemical compound.
Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.
Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.
Fuchsine (sometimes spelled fuchsin) or rosaniline hydrochloride is a magenta dye with chemical formula C20H19N3·HCl.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Green is the color between blue and yellow on the visible spectrum.
Haematoxylum campechianum (blackwood, bloodwood tree, bluewood, campeachy tree, campeachy wood, campeche logwood, campeche wood, Jamaica wood, logwood or logwood tree) is a species of flowering tree in the legume family, Fabaceae, that is native to southern Mexico and northern Central America.
Hair coloring, or hair dyeing, is the practice of changing the hair color.
An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo).
Induline is a dye of blue, bluish-red or black shades.
Synthetic dyes are found in a wide range of products such as clothes, leather accessories, and furniture.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Isatis tinctoria, also called woad, dyer's woad, or glastum, is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae.
A J-aggregate is a type of dye with an absorption band that shifts to a longer wavelength (bathochromic shift) of increasing sharpness (higher absorption coefficient) when it aggregates under the influence of a solvent or additive or concentration as a result of supramolecular self-organisation.
Kermes is a red dye derived from the dried bodies of the females of a scale insect in the genus Kermes, primarily Kermes vermilio.
A lake pigment is a pigment manufactured by precipitating a dye with an inert binder, or "mordant", usually a metallic salt.
Laser dyes are large organic molecules with molecular weights of a few hundred mu.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
A leuco dye (from the Greek λευκός leukos: white) is a dye which can switch between two chemical forms; one of which is colorless.
A lichen is a composite organism that arises from algae or cyanobacteria living among filaments of multiple fungi in a symbiotic relationship.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
This is a list of dyes with Colour Index International generic names and numbers.
A lye is a metal hydroxide traditionally obtained by leaching ashes (containing largely potassium carbonate or "potash"), or a strong alkali which is highly soluble in water producing caustic basic solutions.
Mauveine, also known as aniline purple and Perkin's mauve, was the first synthetic dye.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound, usually of crystalline form and not produced by life processes.
A mordant or dye fixative is a substance used to set (i.e. bind) dyes on fabrics by forming a coordination complex with the dye, which then attaches to the fabric (or tissue).
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
Nile red (also known as Nile blue oxazone) is a lipophilic stain.
Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
Optical brighteners, optical brightening agents (OBAs), fluorescent brightening agents (FBAs), or fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), are chemical compounds that absorb light in the ultraviolet and violet region (usually 340-370 nm) of the electromagnetic spectrum, and re-emit light in the blue region (typically 420-470 nm) by fluorescence.
Organic lasers use an organic (carbon based) material as the gain medium.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibres of cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.
A pH indicator is a halochromic chemical compound added in small amounts to a solution so the pH (acidity or basicity) of the solution can be determined visually.
Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
Phototendering is the process by which organic fibres and textiles lose strength and flexibility as a result of exposure to sunlight.
Phthalocyanine (H2Pc) is a large, aromatic, macrocyclic, organic compound with the formula (C8H4N2)4H2 and is of theoretical or specialized interest.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polysulfides are a class of chemical compounds containing chains of sulfur atoms.
Potassium dichromate, K2Cr2O7, is a common inorganic chemical reagent, most commonly used as an oxidizing agent in various laboratory and industrial applications. As with all hexavalent chromium compounds, it is acutely and chronically harmful to health. It is a crystalline ionic solid with a very bright, red-orange color. The salt is popular in the laboratory because it is not deliquescent, in contrast to the more industrially relevant salt sodium dichromate.Gerd Anger, Jost Halstenberg, Klaus Hochgeschwender, Christoph Scherhag, Ulrich Korallus, Herbert Knopf, Peter Schmidt, Manfred Ohlinger, "Chromium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005.
Precipitation is the creation of a solid from a solution.
Procion is a brand of fibre reactive dyes.
The quinones are a class of organic compounds that are formally "derived from aromatic compounds by conversion of an even number of –CH.
In a reactive dye, a chromophore (an atom or group whose presence is responsible for the colour of a compound) contains a substituent that reacts with the substrate.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Resist dyeing (resist-dyeing) is a traditional method of dyeing textiles with patterns.
Rhodamine is a family of related chemical compounds, fluorone dyes.
Rhodamine 6G is a highly fluorescent rhodamine family dye.
In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil.
Rubia is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family.
In the context of use, Saffron is a key seasoning, fragrance, dye, and medicine in use for over three millennia.
Safranin (also Safranin O or basic red 2) is a biological stain used in histology and cytology.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Serendipity means an unplanned, fortuitous discovery.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sodium sulfate, also known as sulfate of soda, is the inorganic compound with formula Na2SO4 as well as several related hydrates.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
A solvent dye is a dye soluble in organic solvents.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
A stain is a discoloration that can be clearly distinguished from the surface, material, or medium it is found upon.
Staining is an auxiliary technique used in microscopy to enhance contrast in the microscopic image.
A substantive dye or direct dye is a dye that adheres to its substrate, typically a textile, by non-ionic forces.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.
Sulfur dyes are the most commonly used dyes manufactured for cotton in terms of volume.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Triphenylmethane, or triphenyl methane, is the hydrocarbon with the formula (C6H5)3CH.
Tyrian purple (Greek, πορφύρα, porphyra, purpura), also known as Tyrian red, Phoenician purple, royal purple, imperial purple or imperial dye, is a reddish-purple natural dye.
Vat dyes are a class of dyes that are classified as such because of the method by which they are applied.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Sir William Henry Perkin, FRS (12 March 1838 – 14 July 1907) was a British chemist and entrepreneur best known for his serendipitous discovery of the first synthetic organic dye, mauveine, made from aniline.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.