62 relations: AAA proteins, Adenosine triphosphate, ATPase, Axon, Axonal transport, Axoneme, BICD2, Cell (biology), Centrosome, Chiasma (genetics), Chromosome, Cilium, Cytokinesis, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, DNAH1, DNAH11, DNAH5, DNAH7, DNAH9, DNAI1, DNAI2, DNAL1, DNAL4, Dynactin, DYNC1H1, DYNC1I1, DYNC1I2, DYNC1LI1, DYNC1LI2, DYNC2H1, DYNLL1, DYNLL2, DYNLRB1, DYNLT1, DYNLT3, Endoplasmic reticulum, Endosome, Flagellum, Golgi apparatus, Homologous chromosome, HOOK3, Intracellular transport, Kinesin, Lysosome, Meiosis, Microtubule, Mitosis, Molecular motor, Motor protein, ..., Neuron, Organelle, Peptide, Ploidy, RAB11FIP3, Radial spoke, Ras superfamily, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Spindle apparatus, Unified atomic mass unit, Vesicle (biology and chemistry), Work (physics). Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
AAA proteins or ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities are a protein family sharing a common conserved module of approximately 230 amino acid residues.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
ATPases (adenylpyrophosphatase, ATP monophosphatase, triphosphatase, SV40 T-antigen, adenosine 5'-triphosphatase, ATP hydrolase, complex V (mitochondrial electron transport), (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase, HCO3−-ATPase, adenosine triphosphatase) are a class of enzymes that catalyze the decomposition of ATP into ADP and a free phosphate ion.
An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis) or nerve fiber, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses known as action potentials, away from the nerve cell body.
Axonal transport, also called axoplasmic transport or axoplasmic flow, is a cellular process responsible for movement of mitochondria, lipids, synaptic vesicles, proteins, and other cell parts (i.e. organelles) to and from a neuron's cell body, through the cytoplasm of its axon (the axoplasm).
Numerous eukaryotic cells carry whip-like appendages (cilia or eukaryotic flagella) whose inner core consists of a cytoskeletal structure called the axoneme.
Protein bicaudal D homolog 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BICD2 gene.
The cell (from Latin cella, meaning "small room") is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known living organisms.
In cell biology, the centrosome (Latin centrum 'center' + Greek sōma 'body') is an organelle that serves as the main microtubule organizing center (MTOC) of the animal cell as well as a regulator of cell-cycle progression.
In genetics, a chiasma (pl. chiasmata) is the point of contact, the physical link, between two (non-sister) chromatids belonging to homologous chromosomes.
A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
A cilium (the plural is cilia) is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells.
Cytokinesis is the part of the cell division process during which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell divides into two daughter cells.
In cell biology, the cytoplasm is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus.
A cytoskeleton is present in all cells of all domains of life (archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes).
Dynein axonemal heavy chain 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAH1 gene.
Dynein heavy chain 11, axonemal is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAH11 gene.
Dynein heavy chain 5, axonemal is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAH5 gene.
Dynein, axonemal, heavy chain 7 is a protein in humans that is encoded by the DNAH7 gene.
Dynein heavy chain 9, axonemal is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAH9 gene.
Dynein intermediate chain 1, axonemal is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAI1 gene.
Dynein intermediate chain 2, axonemal, also known as axonemal dynein intermediate chain 2, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAI2 gene.
Dynein light chain 1, axonemal is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAL1 gene.
Dynein light chain 4, axonemal is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DNAL4 gene.
Dynactin is a 23 subunit protein complex that acts as a co-factor for the microtubule motor cytoplasmic dynein-1. It is built around a short filament of actin related protein-1 (Arp1).
Cytoplasmic dynein 1 heavy chain 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNC1H1 gene.
Cytoplasmic dynein 1 intermediate chain 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNC1I1 gene.
Cytoplasmic dynein 1 intermediate chain 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNC1I2 gene.
Cytoplasmic dynein 1 light intermediate chain 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNC1LI1 gene.
Cytoplasmic dynein 1 light intermediate chain 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNC1LI2 gene.
Cytoplasmic dynein 2 heavy chain 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNC2H1 gene.
Dynein light chain 1, cytoplasmic is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNLL1 gene.
Dynein light chain 2, cytoplasmic is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNLL2 gene.
Dynein light chain roadblock-type 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNLRB1 gene.
Dynein light chain Tctex-type 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the DYNLT1 gene.
Dynein, light chain, Tctex-type 3, also known as DYNLT3, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the DYNLT3 gene.
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a type of organelle found in eukaryotic cells that forms an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tube-like structures known as cisternae.
In cell biology, an endosome is a membrane-bound compartment inside eukaryotic cells.
A flagellum (plural: flagella) is a lash-like appendage that protrudes from the cell body of certain bacterial and eukaryotic cells.
The Golgi apparatus, also known as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or simply the Golgi, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.
A couple of homologous chromosomes, or homologs, are a set of one maternal and one paternal chromosome that pair up with each other inside a cell during meiosis.
Protein Hook homolog 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HOOK3 gene.
Intracellular transport is the movement of vesicles and substances within the cell.
A kinesin is a protein belonging to a class of motor proteins found in eukaryotic cells.
A lysosome is a membrane-bound organelle found in nearly all animal cells.
Meiosis (from Greek μείωσις, meiosis, which means lessening) is a specialized type of cell division that reduces the chromosome number by half, creating four haploid cells, each genetically distinct from the parent cell that gave rise to them.
Microtubules are tubular polymers of tubulin that form part of the cytoskeleton that provides the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and some bacteria with structure and shape.
In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.
Molecular motors are biological molecular machines that are the essential agents of movement in living organisms.
Motor proteins are a class of molecular motors that can move along the cytoplasm of animal cells.
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
In cell biology, an organelle is a specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, in which their function is vital for the cell to live.
Peptides (from Gr.: πεπτός, peptós "digested"; derived from πέσσειν, péssein "to digest") are short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds.
Ploidy is the number of complete sets of chromosomes in a cell, and hence the number of possible alleles for autosomal and pseudoautosomal genes.
Rab11 family-interacting protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RAB11FIP3 gene.
The radial spoke is a multi-unit protein structure found in the axonemes of eukaryotic cilia and flagella.
The Ras superfamily is a protein superfamily of small GTPases.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe, also called "fission yeast", is a species of yeast used in traditional brewing and as a model organism in molecular and cell biology.
In cell biology, the spindle apparatus (or mitotic spindle) refers to the cytoskeletal structure of eukaryotic cells that forms during cell division to separate sister chromatids between daughter cells.
The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).
In cell biology, a vesicle is a small structure within a cell, or extracellular, consisting of fluid enclosed by a lipid bilayer.
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting, there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force.